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ENUMERATIO 



PLANTARUM ZETLANIJl: 



ENUMERATION OF CEYLON PLANTS, 



DESCEIPTIONS OF THE i^EW AND LITTLE-KNOWN GENEBA 

AND SPECIES, OBSEEVATIONS ON THEIE HABITATS, 

USES, NATIVE NAMES, etc. 



G. H. K. |HWAITES, F.L.S., 

SI&BOTOB 09 THB BOTAL BOTUTIO OXBOBK, PBBASBKIA, CBTLOir; 

IN THB IDBNTIFICATION OF THE SPECIES AND SYNONYMY 
BY 

J. D. HOOKEB, M.D., F.E.S., F.L.S. & G.S., no. 



LONDON : 

DULAIJ & CO., 37, SOHO SQT7AEB, 

1864 



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JOHir SDWABD TATLOB, PBXNTSB, / 

UTTLS QUBIK STBXST, LUrCOLB'S XKB IIBLDS. V 

(\ 

A \3 



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TO 

SIR WILLIAM JACKSON HOOKER, K.H., 

D.C.L. OxoN., F.B.S., F.A.S., F.L.S^ KTa, 

tS^is 1/tttle tSBUr^ is Selitcat^, 

IK TBSTDCONT OF THE MOST SINOEBB BE8PECT 
AKB ATFEOnOK, 

BT HIS OBLiaSD VBIBND, 

THE AtJTHOE. 



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PREFACE. 



SiKCB the publication of LinnsBua's ' Flora Zeylanica ' and Bur- 
mann's * ThesanruB Zeylanicus,' no work has appeared, with the 
exception of Moon's * Catalogue/ professing to give a list of the 
plants indigenous to Ceylon. 

Several species of Ceylon plants have been figured and described 
by Sir William Hooker in his * Icones Plantarum ' and other va- 
luable publications, from specimens collected by the late Colonel 
and Mrs. Walker; and a good many Ceylon plants have been 
figured by Dr. Wight in his excellent * Icones Plantarum Indise 
Orientalis.' Dr. Walker-Amott has published descriptions of 
several kinds in his ' Pugillus ' and elsewhere. 

Most of the Orchidaeea of Ceylon have been described by 
Dr. Lindley from specimens and drawings sent to him by Mr. 
Macrae. 

My predecessor, Dr. Gardner, contributed to the 'Calcutta 
Journal of Natural History' descriptions of several interesting 
Ceylon plants. 

Eeferences throughout the present work indicate where and by 
whom other species have been described. 

Owing to the physical conformation of the island, which geolo- 
gically belongs to the Metamorphic system, there is great diver- 
sity of climate. 

The hills of the Central Province rise to an elevation of 8300 
feet, with an annual rainfall of about 100 inches. 

The low country of the south of the island possesses a humid 
climate, with a very equable temperature, and the rainfall is con- 
siderable, but not equal to that on the hills. 



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VI PREFACE. 

The low northern half of the island, shut off by the hills from 
the rains of the south-west monsoon, has a rainy season of very 
short duration, and is usually extremely dry during the remainder 
of the year. 

The character of the island vegetation varies, as might be ex- 
pected, in accordance with this difference of climatal conditions ; 
for, whilst on the hills the flora resembles very much that of the 
Neilgherrries, in the humid south it is more akin to that of 
Sumatra and the Malay Archipelago ; and in the dry north of 
the island it would seem to be nearly identical with that of the 
Coromandel coast. 

The indigenous species enumerated in the present work 
amount to 2832, viz. : — 

Dicotyledones 1959 

Monocotyledones 648 

Pilices, Lycopodiacese, and MarsileacesB . 225 

Care has been taken not to multiply species unnecessarily, for 
observation has shown that the amount of variation is often con- 
siderable in plants affecting a large range of variation, and con- 
sequently of climate. Instances occur, as in the genera Hortonia, 
Mappia, Turpinia, Evonymus^ Maodendron, in which a more 
elevated locality produces a form or variety possessing a stouter 
habit and larger flowers than are observed in the same species 
when growing only a little above the level of the sea. These 
forms or varieties would probably be viewed by some botanists in 
the light of distinct though closely allied species, and they occupy, 
in fact, that debatable ground the difficulties and perplexities of 
which the practical naturalist alone knows, and which, in the 
opinion of many (and I may include myself among the number), 
are only to be got rid of by the adoption of the views enunciated 
by Mr. Darwin as regards the relationship of allied forms or 
species by descent from a common ancestor. 

From the large extent of forest-land which has been and is now 
being appropriated to coffee cultivation, there is little doubt that 
some of the indigenous plants will in time become exceedingly 
rare, if not altogether extirpated, or exist only in the botanical 
garden, into which as many kinds as possible are being introduced. 
The obtrusive character, too, of a plant brought to the island, 



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PBEFAOE. Vll 

about forty years ago, is also helping to alter the character of the 
vegetation up to an elevation of 3000 feet. The plant alluded to 
is the Lantana mista, Linn., which appears to have found in 
Ceylon a soil and climate exactly suited to its growth, for it now 
covers thousands of acres with its dense masses of foliage, taking 
complete possession of land where cultivation has been neglected 
or abandoned, preventing the growth of any other plants, and even 
destroying small trees, the tops of which its subscandent stems 
are able to reach. The fruit of this plant is so acceptable to fru- 
givorous birds of all kinds, that through their instrumentality it 
is spreading rapidly, to the complete exclusion, in spots where it 
becomes established, of the indigenous vegetation. 

Brucea Sumatranay Orofalaria incana, Lagaacea mollis, Cosmos 
eatulatus and Asclepias Curassavica, have become perfectly natural- 
ized, and are common weeds in the warmer parts of the island. 

In Newera Ellia, a few exotic plants, which were introduced 
with grass seed, have become naturalized ; those I have observed 
are Cerastium vulgatum, Hypericum htimifusum, Trifolium repens, 
Verhascum Thapsus, Stachys arvensis, Flcmtago lanceolaia, and 
Lactylis glomerata. 

It now remains to express my grateful acknowledgment for 
assistance rendered to me during the progress of this work. 

Dr. Wight, immediately on my arrival in the island, gave me 
bis most valuable help in naming the numerous specimens I found 
in the herbarium, which had been collected by my predecessors, 
and principally by Dr. Gardner. 

Sir "William Hooker has most kindly assisted me with his pro- 
found knowledge of the subject in determining the names of the 
Ferns. 

To Dr. Joseph D. Hooker I am most deeply indebted for the 
invaluable aid he has been unintermittingly giving me during the 
whole progress of this work, and without this aid I could not 
with any satisfaction have undertaken it. 

My cordial thanks are due to Dr. Thomas Anderson for having 
undertaken the identification and description of the Acanfhacea, 
an Order of plants to which he was at the time devoting parti- 
cular attention, and was studying in the herbarium at Kew. 

To the Eev. S. O. Glenie, F.L.S., Episcopal Colonial Chaplain at 
Trincomalie, and to Mr. W. Ferguson, F.L.S., Civil Engineer, I am 



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VIU PEEFiLCE. 

imder great obligations for frequent valuable communications, 
and for specimens of plants from their respectiye places of resi- 
dence. It gives me great pleasure, too, to record the uniform 
courtesy and kindness with which the gentlemen, holding the im- 
portant and influential positions of Q-ovemment Agents, have as- 
sisted me in carrying out the objects I had in view, when making 
botanical tours through their respective provinces or districts. 

I would wish to associate with this little book the names of 
Harmanis de Alwis Modliar, and of Don Soman De Silva Aratchy, 
native of&cers, employed during many years in this establishment, 
the former as Draftsman, and the latter as Principal Plant-col- 
lector, to whose intelligent and hearty co-operation is due much of 
my success in procuring new and rare species of plants from the 
jungles. 

Some apology may be considered necessary for the length of 
time that has elapsed since the present work was commenced, but 
a large portion of that time has been occupied in researches con- 
nected with it, and these researches have, it is hoped, tended to 
make it more useful and more worthy of being laid before the 
scientific world. 

Fart 1, containing 80 pages, was published in 1858. 
Part 2, from p. 81 to p. 160 inclusive, was published in 1859. 
Parts, „ 161 „ 240 „ „ 1860. 

Part 4, „ 241 „ 320 „ „ 1861. 

Part 5, „ 321 „ 483 „ „ 1864. 



Moyal Botanic Garden^ Ferddenia^ Ceylon, 
August, 1864. 



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ENUMERATION OF CEYLON PLANTS. 



I. EANUJSrCULACEJE. 

1. NABAVELIA, DC. 

1. N. Zeylanica, DC. (H.f. et T. Fl. Ind. p. 3, cum syn.)— c.p. 1009. 
Hab. Not very uncommon in the warmer parts of the islAnd. Nom. 
Tulg. " Wayoopaloo" or " Narawella." 

2. CLEMATIS, Lin. 

1. O. Bmilacifblia, Wall. (H.f. et T., I. c. p. 6, cum syn.)— c.p. 2690. 
Hab. At an elevation of about SOCK) feet, at Allagalla and Amba- 

gamowa, in the Central Province. 

2. O. Oonriana, Roxb. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 8, cum syn.)-— c.p. 680. 
Hab. Newera Ellia, and other elevated parts of the Central Pro- 
vince. 

3. THALICTBUM, lin. 

1- T- glTphocBrpwai, W. et A. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 16, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 2574. 
Hab. On rocks, Newera Ellia, Horton Plains, etc. 

4. ANEMONE, lin. 

1. A. rivularis, Ham. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 23, cum syn.)— c.p. 1011. 
Hab. Newera Ellia. 

5. BANUNCTTLirS, Lin. 

1. R. sagrittifoUiui, Hook. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 30, cum syn.)— c.p. 520. 
Hab. Swampy spots at Newera EUia and Horton Plains. 

2. n. l^aUicliiaiMui, W. et A. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 38, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 1012. 

Hab. Very common on the more elevated parts of the Central Pro- 
vince, from 5000 to 8000 feet. 

b 

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2 ENUMERATION OF [JXlleniocea. 

II. DILLENIACE^. 

1. DBLIMA, Lin. 

1. D. sarmentosa, Lin. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 61, cum syn.) — c.p. 1015. 
Hab. Soutliem parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Korasawel." 

2. TBTBACBBA, Lin. 

1. T. Ueiris, Vabl, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 62, cum syn.)— c.p. 1016. 
Hab. Between Colombo and GaUe ; not very common. 

3. ACROTRBMA, Jack. 

Chab. emend. — Sepala et petala 5. Stamina indefinita, 15 vel plura ; 
filamentis liberis, erectis, plunserialibus, in 3 fasciculis cum ovariis alter- 
nantibus plus minus a^gregatis; antheris sublinearibus, ab apice ad 
medium vel ultra laterali&r dehiscentibus. Ovaria 3, 2- vel mmti-ovu- 
lata, sutura ventrali plus minus cohaerentia ; stvlis subulatis, recurvatis ; 
stigmate minuto. Carpella irregulariter deniscentia, Semina mem- 
branaceo-arillata ; testa Crustacea, cancellata. — ^erhdd per ennantes, suh- 
acaules; rhizomate suhlignoso ; foliis magnis, jparallelo-penniveniiSf 
parce glanduloso-punctatis, denticulatis ; petiolis marginihus magnis, 
vaginantihus, stijpularibus, denique deciduis munitis ; floribus racemosis, 
Havis, expansisy 4-8 lin. latis ; pedicellis plus minus elongatis ; bracteis 
magnis, scepissime hidentatis. 

Folliculis polyspermis. 

t Bacemis brevi-pedunculatis. 

% Foliis mdivisis, obovato-oblongis. 

1. A. nniflornm, Hook. (Ic. PI. t. 157 ; H.f. et T., Fl. Ind. p. 64) ; 
foliis supeme glabris vel inter nervos pilis paucis rigidis munitis, 
subtus pallidioribus, glabris, costa nervisque dense strigosis ; pedicellis 
(siccis) adpresse pilosis. 

Var. a. petiolaris (c.p. 265) ; foliis angustioribus, crenatis vel crenato- 
dentatis, apice acuto rotundato vel retuso ; staminihus 30-50. 

Var. jS. rotundata (c.p. 1014 et 3484) ; foliis rotundatis brevi-petio- 
latis, margine subintegro ; staminihus circiter 30. 

Hab. ]Not uncommon in the Central and Soutliem Provinces, at an 
elevation of from 2000 to 4000 feet, occurring, like its congeners, in 
damp shady places, generally on the banks of streams. 

Folia 4-9 poll, longa, 1-3 poll, lata, petiolis (in var. a) 1-1 f poll, longis. 

A very variable species, both as to the size as well as the form of the leaves, and 
the number of their primary veins. I should not be surprised if a more critical exa- 
mination of fresh specimens proved vars. a and /S to be distinct species. 

2. A. bullatnm, Thw. (c.p. 239) ; foliis bullatis, utrinque (praecipue 
supeme inter nervos et ad marginem crenato-serratum) mollissime 
sericeo-pubescentibus ; pedicellis (siccis) adpresse sericeo-pilosis. 

Hab. In similar places vrith the foregoing, and often mixed vrith it. 
Folia 2-6 poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, petiolis \-\ poll, longis. 
This species is well distinguished by its bullate, softly pubescent leaves, characters 
better observed in fresh than in dried specimens. 

3. A. sylvaticiim, Thw. (c.p. 2659) ; foliis utrinque minute pilosis, 



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DilleniaceaJ] cbylon plants. 3 

Bubtus costa nervisque pilis ri^dis patentibus hirsutis, apice rotundatis, 
basi profdnde cordatis, margme subintegro ; petiolo brevi ; pedicellis 
brevious, patentim pilosis ; staminihus circiter 50. 

Hab. Damp forest at Eknalagodde, near Katnapoora, March, 1853. 

Rhizoma breve ; folia membranacea, 5-8 poll, longa, 3-4 poU. lata. 

4. A. l^alken, Wight, MSS. (c.p. 345, 446, 694) ; foliis crenato- 
dentatis, subauriculatis, utrinque grsecipue su^eme versus marginem 
et subtus ad costam nervosque pilosis ; pedicellis patentim pilosis ; sta- 
miniJms circiter 15. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province, at an elevation of from 
2000 to 4000 feet. 

Folia 2-5 poll, longa, \-2 poll, lata, petiolo \ poll, longo ; pedicelli elongati. 

The leaves of this pretty species are frequently marked on the upper sorface with 
a paler area occupying a more or less wide space on either side of the costa and 
primary veins ; the same peculiarity is sometimes observed in other species. 

XX Foliis indivisiSy lanceolatis, subauriculatis. 

5. A. intermedium, Thw. (c.F. 3114) ; foliis acutis, crenato-dentatis, 
supra medium versus basin graduatim valde angustatis, supeme ad 
costam marginemque et parce inter nervos hirsutis, subtus costa ner- 
visque adpresse pilosis ; pedicellis cal^cibtisqyie patentim rigido-hirsutis ; 
staminihus circiter 40. 

Hab. Banks of streams in the Ambagamowa District, at no great 
elevation, February, 1854. 

BMzoma elongatum j folia 5-12 poll, longa, 1^2^ poll, lata, petiolo 1-1^ poll, 
longo. 

6. A. lanceolatom, Hook. (H.f. et T. Fl. Ind. p. 65.)— c.p. 2660 ; 
foliis angustissime lanceolatis, acutis, sinuato-dentatis, subglabris, 

subtus costa nervisque adpresse brevi-hirsutis ; pedicellis patentim 
parce-hirsutis ; staminihus circiter 40. 

Hab. Kittool Guile, March, 1853. I do not know where Dr. Wight 
found his specimens. 

Rhizoma breve ; folia 4-12 poll, longa, ^-li poU. lata, petiolo \-\ poll, longo. 

7. A. Qardneri, Thw. (c.p. 253) ; foliis anguste-lanceolatis vel sub- 
spathulatis, glabris, margine subintegro, subtus costa nervisque adpresse 
pilosis ; pedicellis elongatis, adpresse-pilosis ; staminihus circiter 15. 

Hab. Common in the district between Galle and Ratnapoora, on the 
banks of streams. 
Folia 1^3 poll, longa, 3-7 liu- lata, petiolo 3-6 lin. longo. 

XXX foliis decompositis. 

8. A. Thwaitesii, H.f et T., Kew Journ. Bot. vol. 8, p. 241, t. iv. A. 
—c.p. 3364.— Vars. a and 0. 

Hab. Dolosbage District, at no great elevation, February, 1855. 

9. A. dissectom, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 242, t. iv. B.— c.p. 3393 ; et var. 
pinn^itijida, 

Hab. Near Hellessee, in the Pas-dun Corle, at no great elevation, 
May, 1855. 

ft Bacemis longe-pedunculaii^. 

10. A. lyratom, H.f. 1. c. p. 242.— C.P. 3392. 

Hab. Near Nellowe, in the Hinidoon Corle, at an elevation of about 
1000 feet. May, 1855. 



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4 ENUMEBATioN OF IDilleniocea. 

4. SCnUMACHEBIA, Yahl. . 

Sepala 5 (2 exteriora minora). Petala %. Stamina indefinita, 

{)luriserialia, monadelpha, unilaterali-posteriora ; filamentis in co- 
umnam brevem obliquam semicylindncam coalitis, apicibus supremis 
liberie ; antheris lineari-oblongis, obtusis, apiculatis, bilocularibos, la- 
teraliter dehiscentibns. Ovaria 3 (2 anteriora), discreta, dense pilosa, 
uniovulata ; stylis filiformi-subulatis ; stigmate minnto. Carpella 
indehiscentia. Semen erectum, subglobosum, basi arillo parvo membra- 
naceo munitum ; testa crustacea.--Frutice8 erecti ; ramis rigidis, Jlex- 
uosis ; foliis coria^eiSf conspicue penniveniis ; petiolo basi latiuscula, 
vaginante. Spicis aadllaribus vel terminalibus ; floribus sessilihus, 
secundis, bibracteolatis, flavis, expans, 6-9 lin, latis. 

Note, — The generic characters of this and the foregoing genus have been princi- 
pally copied from the ' Flora Indica' of Drs. Hooker and Thomson, sncli additions 
or slight alterations only having been made as the examination of fresh and more 
abundant specimens of the several species afforded the favourable opportunity of 
doing. 

1. S. castanesefoUa, Vahl, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. QQ, cum 8yn.)~c.p. 232, 
248. 

Hab. Common in the Safiragam and Gralle Districts, at no great ele- 
vation. Nom. vulg. " Kakareewara." 

2. S. aagrastifoUa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 66.— c.p. 2992. 
Hab. Abundant in the Hinidoon Corle. 

Not so straggling in its growth as the preceding species, and with a good deal 
smaller flowers. 

3. S. alnifoUa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 66. 

Var. a. scahra ; foliis hirsutie ngida pauca scabris. — c.p. 9. 

Var. iS. dentata (Wight, MSS.) ; foliis grosse et acute dentatis, subtus 
petiolisque hirsutis. — c.p. 339. 

Var. y. subgldbra; foliis subtus subglabris. — c.p. 397, 2416. 

Hab. Vars. a and jS, in forests in the Ambagamowa District. Var. jS, 
which has sharply-dentate leaves, and these more hirsute beneath and 
with coarser reticulation, owes its peculiarity, I believe, to growing in 
a more damp and shady locality. Var. y occurs in forests in the 
Himasgiria District. 

6. WOBMIA, Eottb. 

1. VST. triqnetra, Eottb. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 67, cum syn.)— c.p. 1013. 

Hab. Common in the moist, warmer parts of the island, up to an 
elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Deeyapara." 

Arbor mediocris ; foliorum petiolis canaliculatis, stipulari-marginatis (marginibus 
vaginantibus, cito deciduis), basi exteme appendicula carnosa prominente bippo- 
crepiformi semiciuctis ; floribus secundis ; sepalis post authesin parce accrescentibus, 
imprimis arete imbricato-convergentibus, denique fructu mature apertis vel reflexis ; 
petalis plicato-rugosis, albis, basi pallide viridescentibus, caducis j staminibzts erectis, 
luteis, circiter 3-serialibu8, subsequilongis, persistentibus ; ovariis 5, circiter 8-ovu- 
latis ; ovulis biserialibus ; carjjellts indehiscentibus, 1-2-spermis ; seminibus arillatis, 
in pulpa pellucida gelatiuosa nidulantibus. 

The carpels of this, the original species of the genus, being indehiscent, it would 
seem doubtful whether some of the other species now included in the genus should 
be retained in it, or Blume's genus Capellia be restored for their reception. 



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SchizandracecB.'] Ceylon plants. 5 

6. DILLENIA, Lin. 

1. D. specioM, Thunb. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 69, cum syn.)— c.p. 2961. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of tne island, up to an elevation 

of 2000 feet; most frequent on the banks of streams. Nom. vulg. 
" Hondapara." 

Sect. CoLBBBTiA, SalM, 

2. D. retnsa, Thimb. ( Wormia retusa, H.f. el T., 1. c. p. 68, cum 

syn.)— c.p. 2960. 

Hab. In similar situations with the preceding species, but by no 
means so abundant. Nom. vulg. " Gt)dapara." 

Arbor mediocris ; petalis albis ; staminibus numerosis, 5-6-serialibu8 (extemis 
graduatim brevioribns), pallide sangiuDeis ; anther arum loculis lateralibns, albis ; 
ovariis 5, 30-35 -ovulatis ; sty lis filiformi-sabulatis, recorvatis ; onulis 4-8enaliba8 ; 
fructu maturo pendolo, croceo, 1^1^ poll. diam. ; carpeilis indehisceDtibas, calyce 
valde aucto camoso arete inclosis ; seminibus exarillatis, in polpa pellacida gelati- 
nosa nidulantibos. 

There can be no doubt that this handsome species belongs to the Colbertia section 
of Dillenia, though it seems to differ from the others in having white instead of 
yellow petals. There is an indication of the stamens being collected into five groups 
alternating with the carpels. 

t 3. B. intef^a, Thunb. ( Wormia Integra, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 68, cum 
syn.) 

I know nothing of this plant, and suspect there must be some error in a fourth 
species of these large DUleniaceous trees being attributed to Ceylon. 

III. MAQNOLIACE^. 
I. MICHELIA, Lin. 

1. M. irila^ca, Zenk. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 82, cum syn.) 

Var. a. (wa^i/bZta, Wight ; petalis cum sep. saepissime 9. — c.p. 141, 424. 

Var. iS. Walkeri, H.f. et T. (M, Walkeri and M. glauca, Wight) ; 
petalis cum sepalis ssBpissime 12.— c.p. 2636 and 576, 299, 338, 423, 617. 

Hab. Central Provmce, at an elevation of 3000 to 8000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Walsappoo." 

In Ceylon the most typical form of this plant is that called M. Walkeri by Dr. 
Wight, having lanceolate leaves more or less glaucous on the under surface, and 
most commonly twelve petals. Between this and the oval-leaved form a gradual 
transition may apparently be observed, and, although the latter has most commonly 
nine petals, and these wider, yet, like the authors of the * Flora Indica,* I have 
been quite unable to discover any permanent characters on which two separate, 
dearly-defined species can be founded. The form occurring on the Neilgherries, as 
shown in a specimen sent tome by Dr. Hooker, differs from any I have seen growing 
in Ceylon in its larger leaves and much larger petals. 

M. Champacay L., is very common in cultivated ground, but I have never seen it 
undoubtedly wild in the forests. 

IV. SCHIZANDEACE^. 

1. KADSUBA, Juss. 
1. K. IVififlitiaiia, Am. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 84, cum syn.)— c.p. 1028. 



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6 BNUMEEATioN OF [Afioniicea. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1500 to 4000 feet. 

Ramulis foUisque junioribas rufescentibns ; pedunculis ssepe petiolos molto su- 
perautibus ; Jloribtu pallide viridi-ochraceis ; ovariu 3-6, ssepissime 4-ovaIati8 ; 
toro conico. 

V. ANONACILE. 
1. SAGEB^A, DalzeU. 

1. Thwidtesii, H.f. et T., I.e. p. 93.--C.P. 2702. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Safiragam Districts, at an elevation of about 
. 1000 feet, February, 1853. 

Flores pallide crocei. Anthera rofescentes. Carpella subsessilia, nucis Avellanas 
magnitudine vel minora, plan- vel paaci-spenna. Semina compressa, sulco circom- 
cincta. 

2. UVARIA, Lin. 

1. U. semecarpifoUa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 97.-^.P. 244. 

Hab. Central and south-eastern parts of the island, at an elevation of 
1000-3000 feet. 
Flores folvo-viridescentes. Sepala interiora conTergentia. 

2. U. macropliylla, Eoxb. (H.f. et T., Fl. Ind. 1. c. 97, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 3527. 

Hab. South-east of the island, not uncommon. 

The fruit is eaten by the Cinghalese, and was described to me as nearly black 
when ripe, with the interior red. The unripe fruit in the Ceylon specimen is 
sparingly tomentose. 

3. U. splieiiocarpa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 99.— c.p. 1045. 

Hab. Central and eastern parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
1500 feet. 

Flores fulvo-viridescentes." Ovaria elongata, prismatica, dimidio inferiore circiter 
10 ovula biserialia includentia. Stigmata subplana, lateribus iuvolutis. 

4. U. macropoda, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 101.— C.P. 2544. 
Hab. Similar localities with the foregoing. 

Flores rubiginosi. Carpella matura sanguineo-coccinea. Semina compressa, 
lee via, albida, oblonga, 5 lin. longa. 

5. U. IVaruin, Wall. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 102, cum syn.)— c.p. 1032. 
Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Flares rubiginosi, plus minus viridescentes, vel ssepe virides. Carpella ovalia, 

Isevia, nitida, coccinea. 

6. U. Zeylanica, Lin. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 102, cum syn.)— c.p. 1030, 
1031. 

Hab. Southern parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

3. GONIOTHALAMUS, Blume. 
Sect. 1. — Sepalis persistentibus ; stylis mbulatis, indivisis. 

1. a. Hookeri, Thw. (c.p. 3399) ; foliis magnis, ovato-oblongis, 
breviter et obtuse acuminatis, basi ^arce angustatis, Isevibus ; pedun- 
cutis petiolos sequantibus, solitanis axillaribus et fasciculatis, caulinis. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Beigam Corles, at an elevation of about 1000 
feet, April, 1855. 



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Anonace€e,'] cbylon plants. 7 

Arbor mediocris, circiter SO-pedalis. Folia 6-13 poll, longa, 2|--4^ poll, lata ; 
petiolo ^-^ poll, longo. Flores pallide virides, parcissime rufo-hirsati. Sepala 
rotundato-acuta, f poU. longa. Fetala exteriora circiter 2 poU. longa, ^ poll, lata, 
basi rotandata, sapra medium parce contracta ; inieriora in mitram pyramidalem, 
intus tomentosam, circiter f poll, altam coalita. Carpella nnmeroea, fabse minoris 
magnitudiDe, brevissime pedicellata. Semina nitida ; testa bnmnea. 

2. G. ThwidtesU, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 106.— c.p. 1040. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 
to 4000 feet. Nom. vnlg. " Caloocaara." 
Arbor mediocris. Flores virides. 

3. G. Gardneri, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 107.— c.p. 1029. 

Hab. In similar localities with tlie preceding, not unc(^mmon. 
Frutex erectus, S-lO-pedalis. Flores virides, flavescentes. Carpella brevi-pedi- 
cellata, ssepissime 2-sperma, subpoUicaria, oblonga. 

Sect. 2. — Sepalis persistentibus ; stylo in segmentis 2 longis 
filiformihus diviso. 

4. G. Thomsoni, Thw. (c.P. 3398) ; foliis obovatis, longe et abrupte 
acuminatis, supra medimn ad petiolum brevem graduatim angustatis ; 
pedunculis caulinis, solitariis vel binis. 

Hab. Forests in the district between Gralle and Eatnapoora, April, 
1865. 

Frutex erectus, l^-S-pedalis. Folia flavesceutia, 5-12 poll, longa, 1^3 poll, 
lata ; acutnine f-l^ poll. ; petiolo circiter ^ poll, longo. Fedunculi 4 poU. longi, 
adscendentes, prope apicem decurvati. Flores ochracei. Sepala lanceolata, ^ poU. 
longa. Fetala exteriora lanceolata, apicem versus valde angustata, basi rotnndata, 
1^ poll, longa ; interiora in mitram ovalem acutam 6 lin. altam coalita. Ovaria 
elongata, stylis sequilonga. Carpella monosperma, ovalia, apicnlata, \ poll, longa ; 
pedicello 2 lin. longo. 

A very distinct species, remarkable for the small size of the plant, its cauline 
flowers often close to the ground, and its deeply bisected styles. 

Sect. 3. — Sepalis deciduis. Stylo cylindrico vel clavato; stigmate 
dilatato, hiloho. 

5. G. saUciniui, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 106.— c.p. 373. 

Hab. Forests in the neighbourhood of " Adam's Peak," at an eleva- 
tion of 2000 to 3000 feet. 
Frutex erectus, 10-12-pedali8. Flores ochraceo-rufescentes vel fuscescentet. 

6. G. reticQlataii, Thw. (c.p. 3397) ; foliis lanceolatis vel lineari- 
lanceolatis, plus minus abrupte acuminatis, basi subrotundatis, subtus 
conspicue reticulatis. 

Hab. Carawitta Elanda and other forests between Gralle and 
Batnapoora. 

Frutex erectus, 6-8-pedalis. Famvli nigricantes, juniores strigosi. Folia mem- 
branacea, densissime glanduloso-punctata, subtus sparse rufro-nigro-pilosa, 6-11 
poll, longa, 1-2:1^ poll. lata. Fetioli nigricantes, subtumidi, 2-3 lin. longi, supeme 
sulcati, alati (lamina decurrente), subtus cum costa minute tuberculati. Fedunculi 
uniflori, paullo supra-axillares, decurvati, ^ poll, longi, basi bracteati. Styli clavati, 
ovariis oblongis dense rufo-strigosis dimidio longiores. Carpella globose 1-sperma, 
oblonge 2-8penna, rubiginosa ; pedicello \ lin. longo. 

Closely idlied to 0. saliduus, but differing in its very much larger and differently- 
shaped leaves. I have not seen the sepals and petals of 0. reticulatus, as they had 
fallen when the specimens were gathered. 



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8 ENUMBBATION OF [Afionacea. 

7. O. VtTalkeri, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 109. 

I haye never been so fortnnate as to meet with this species, so can add nothing to 
the description given of it by the anthors of the ' Mora IncUca/ Nor can I tell, 
without an examination of specimens, to which section of this genus it is to be 
referred.* 

4. OBOFHEA, Blume. 

1. O. Zeylaaica, H.f. et T., l.c. p. 111.— c.P. 2406. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. 
Floret virides, fhscescentes. 

2. O. coriaoea, Thw. (c.P. 2612) ; foUis valde coriaceis, ovato-lan- 
ceolatis, eubacutis, basi rotundatis, brevi-^tiolatis ; pedunculis unifloris ; 
staminihus 9 (6 exterioribns 3 interionbus), ova/rivm solitarimn ob- 
loimim 2-ovulatum cingentibus. 

Hab. Dimboola and Itaxawa, in the Central Province, at an elevation 
of about 3000 feet, April, 1852. 

Arbor mediocris. Ramuli rigidi, nigricantes. Folia intense viridia, 2-5 poll, 
longa, 1-2^ poll, lata, costa prominenti, nervis iuconspicais. Petioli vix 2 lin. 
longi. PeduncuH circiter \ poll, longi, basin versus 3-4 bracteis parvis strigosis 
muniti. Flores parvi, 4 lin. in exp. Sepala miauta, ddtoidea, aliata. PetcUa 
exieriora rotundata, obscure acuminata, exteme purpurea, interne ochraceo- 
rufescentia ; interiora purpurea, in mitram obtusam 1^ Hn. altam coalita. Ovula 
snperposita. Carpella subsessilia, subglobosa, obliqua, 1-2-sperma. 

3. O.? obUqxui, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 112.— c.p. 2703 ; florihus termi- 
nalibus catdinisque fasciculatis ; staminibtis 6, seriebus doabus, ovaria 
3, 2-ovnlata, stigmate depress© coronata, cingentibus j toro piano ; car- 
pellis sessilibus, globosis, 1-2-spermis. 

Hab. In the Galle and Ratnapoora Districts, at no great elevation. 

Arbor mediocris. Flores purpurei, parvi. Sepala minuta, ciUata. Petala 6, 
subeequalia, camosa, exteriora aperta, interiora convergentia, imbricata v. subvalvata. 
Carpella semipollicaria, rufescentia. 

This somewhat departs from the character of Orophea in the sepals and petals 
being frequently (not always) imbricated, as in Sageraa, but it is too closely allied 
to the previous species to be separated generically from it. It would seem to point 
out, however, thiU; Sageraa and Orophea should be arranged in juxtaposition. 

5. MITBEFHOBA, Blume. 

1. M. Hesmeanay (Orophea Heyneana, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 110, cum 
syn.)— c.P. 1033. 

Hab. Haragam and other places on the Lower Badulla Boad from 
Kandy, up to an elevation of 1600 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. PeduncuH 1-3-flori. Petala lutea, interiora rubro-mactilata. 

The authors of the * Flora Indica' must have had imperfect specimens of the 
flower of this plant for examination, for in all that I have dissected 1 have found 
the stamens far more numerous than they have described. Is the Conrtalam plant 
distinct from the Ceylon onePf 



* The sepals appear to be persistent, but the specimens being in fruit only, I 
cannot determine whether it should be referred to section 1 or 2. — J, D. H, 
t We have no flowering specimens of the Ceylon plant. — J, D. H, 



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Anonacea.'] cbtlos plants. 9 

6. XYLOPIA, Lin. 

1. X. parrifolU, H.f. et T., I.e. p. 125.— c.p. 3336. 

Kab. Southern parts of the island, at no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. " Nattou." 

Arbor. Flores ochracei. Carpella colombse ovi magnitadine vd minora, ob- 
longa. Semina biserialia, oblonga, in pulpa camosa rofa nidolantia. 

Tht flowers and bark of tbis tree are used by tbe Cingbalese for cbewing with 
tbeir beteL 

2. X. n^ricaiui, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 125.— C.P. 615. 

Hab. Tlus grows in the Botanic Garden, and I have not met with it 
elsewhere, though it probably occurs in the southern parts of the island 
where the other two species are found. 

Arbor mediocris. Flores ochracei. Carpella ut in prseoedente. Semna fnsoo- 
nigra, Isevia, bilum versos attennata, 4 lin. longa, biseriidia. 

3. X. Championii, H.f. et T., I.e. p. 126.— c.p. 1038. 

ELiB. Ambagamowa and Batnapoora Districts, up to an eleyation of 
2000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Datkateya." 

Floret ochracei, plos minus rubro tincti. Carpella pediceUata, longitudinaliter 
5-co8tata. Semina uniserialia, in pulpa nidulantia. 

7. CYATHOCALYX, Champion. 

1. O. ZeyUaiciui, Champ. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 127.)— c.p. 1044. 

Hab. Central and Southern Provinces, at an elevation of 1500 to 3000 
feet. Nom. vulg. "Kakala." 

Ovarium solitarinm, nni calycis dentium oppositnm. Carpella snbglobosa, 
plurisperma, ^ poll, longa, drupacea. Semina compressa, 1 polL longa, lateribus 
transverse rugosa; testa ossea, rnfo-fusca. 

8. ABTABOTBYS, B. Br. 

1. A. odoratlMlmiis, B. Br. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 128, cum syn.)— 
C.P. 1042. 

Hab. Northern parts of the island, Gardner, 

2. A. Zeylaniciui, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 128.— o.p. 1043. 

Hab. Central and southern parts of the island, at an elevation of 
3000 to 4000 feet. 

9. UNONA, lin. 

1. U. ZeyUaica, H.f. et T., p. 132.— c.p. 1037. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1500 to 3000 feet. 
Frutex erectus, 8-6-pedaIis. Fedunculi ssepe canlini. Flores viridi-ochracei, 
intos bad mfescentes. Carpella rufescentia. Semina ovalia, Isevia, 4 lin. longa. 

2. U. discolor, Vahl, (H.f. et T., 1. o. p. 132, cum syn.) 

I have never met with this species wild in the island, nor are there any specimens 
of it in this Herbarium bat from cultivated plants. 

10. FOLYALTHIA, Blume. 

1. P. Moonii, Thw. (c.p. 437) ; foliis lanceolatis, basin versus rotun- 

c 



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10 ENUMEBATION OF [Afionacea, 

datam obliquam angu8tatis,brevi-petiolatis;j?c<;?W7Mw^i« longis, xmifloris, 
caulinis et oppositiioliis ; petalis camosis, conchoideis ; carpellis pedi- 
cellatis, l-2-spermi8 ; seminihus obloneis, IsBvibus, sulco circiuncinctis. 

Hab. Caltura, Moon. E-eigam Corle, September, 1856. 

Trutex S-lO-pedalis, partibtts novellis ftilvo-strigosis. Bamuli rigidi, cortice 
fasco, rugoso, albo-maculato. Folia 3-6 poll, longa, f-2 poll. lata. Pefioli circiter 
1 lin. longi, trausverse rngulosi. Fedunculi 1-lJ poll, longi, basi bracteis 3 
parvis lanceolatis maniti, fulvo-strigosi. Flores rubri, 4 lin. lati, exteme sparse 
pilosi. Sepala lata, acuminata, 1 lin. longa. Fetala exteriora rotunda, acuminata, 
interioribus obtusis minora. Stamina numerosa, cuneata, arete compacta. Ovaria 
numerosa, oblonga, pilosa, stylo hirsuto clavato dimidio longiora. Carpella rufes- 
centia, globose 1-sperma vel oblonge 2-sperma, 2-4 lin. longa, pedicello circiter 2 
lin. longo suffiilta. 

This is probably the species referred to at the bottom of page 137 of the * Flora 
Indica.* 

11. GUATTERIA, Eniz et Paron. 

1. a. longifolia, Wall. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 139, cum syn.)— c.p. 1041. 
Hab. Northern parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

2. a. snberosa, Dun. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 140, cum syn.)— C.P. 1035. 
Hab. Near Caltura and Colombo. 

3. a. Corinti, Dun. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 141, cum syn.)— c.p. 1034. 
Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island, ascending to 

an elevation of 1500 feet. 

4. O. coffeoides, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 141.— c.p. 2503. 

Hab. Haragam and other places on the Lower Badulla Eoad from 
Kandy, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 

Flores flavo-virides. Carpella nigro-purpurea. Semina oblonga, 7 lin. longa, 
5 lin. lata, Isevia, fusca, sulco undnlato circumcincta. 

5. O. persicsefoUa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 140. 

This species, found by Captain Champion near Galle, I have never been so fortu- 
nate as to meet with. It would appear, from the description in * Flora Indica,' to 
bear considerable resemblance to Polyalthia Moonii. 

12. ANAXA60BEA, St. Hilaire. 

1. A. Zeylanica, H.f. et T., I.e. p. 144. 

I have not yet met with this species, nor are there any specimens of it in this 
Herbarium ; so I can add nothing to the description given of it in ' flora Indica.' 

13. MILIUSA, Lesch. 

1. M. montana, Gardn. MSS. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 148.) 
Vars. a and jS (c.p. 194) ; ramulis foliisque junioribus parce strigosis- 
Var. y. tomentosa (c.p. 1036) ; ramulis foliisque subtus plus minus 
tomentosis. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1500 to 3000 feet. 
The extreme forms of the above varieties look very distinct, but they pass into 
each other by such insensible gradations, that it is quite impossible to separate them 
by well-defined characters. The small exterior petals vary from being subequal to 
nearly three times the length of the sepals ; the carpels, too, are either subsessile or 
on pedicels nearly two lines in length. The leaves are occasionally subrotund and 
cordate at the base. 



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Monimiacea.'] ceylon plants. 11 

2. M. ZeyUaica, Gardner, MSS. (H.f.et T.,l.c. p. 149.)— c.p. 2678. 
Hab. South of the island, at no great elevation. 
Carpella subsessilia, glabra, minute granulata. 

Closely allied to the preceding, bat distingoiahed by its larger and more acute 
leaves, shorter peduncles, and narrower petals. 

14. ALPHONSEA, H.f. et T. 

1. A. ZeyUaica, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 153.— C.P. 1039. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Flores viridi-ochracei. Carpella breviter fidvo-tomentosa, dura, lignosa. 

2. A. sderocarpay Thw. (c.P. 2727) ; foliis lanceolatis, obtusifl, basi 
angustatis, coriaceis, reticmatis, glaberrimis, supeme nitidis, subtns 
opacis, pallidioribus ; fasciculis multifloris ; carpellis subosseis, grosse 
verrucosis, brevi-pedicellatis. 

Hab. Haragam, etc., on the Lower Badulla Boad from Eiuidy, up 
to an elevation of 1500 feet. 

Arbor. Hamuli cinerei, mgoai ; gemma fulvo-pilose. Folia %-%\ poll, longa, 
\-\ poll, lata, petiolo 2-lin. longo. Fedunculi vix \ lin. longi, eitra-alares. 
Pedicelli \ poU. longi, medio 1-bracteati, fusco-pilosi. Sepala minnta. Petala \ 
poll, longa, pallide ochracea, ezteme pilosa. Stamina 15, 2'3-8erialia. Ovaria 
3-5, styh depresso. Ovula circiter 8. Carpella 3-5, stellatim disposita, 1-2 poll, 
longa, snbglobosa, breviter fulvo-tomentosa, pedicello robusto, \ poll, longo. 
Semina biserialia. 

VI. MYEISTICACILE. 
1. MYRISTICA, Lin. 

1. M. Irya, G»rtn. (H.f. et T., Fl. Ind. p. 159, cum syn. ; Alph. 
DC. Prod, xiv., p. 202.)~c.p. 2620. 

Hab. Not uncommon in damp places, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Eereya-gass." 

2. M. ZeyUaica, Alph. DC. Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 4, vol. iv., p. 29 ; 
Prod, xiv., p. 190.— c.P. 2923. 

Hab. Banks of rivers, at no great elevation. Nom. vulg. " Mala- 
bodde." 

3. M. UnrifoUa, H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 163; Alph. DC. Prod, xiv., p. 191. 
— M, diospyrifoUa, Alph. DC, 1. c. — c.P. 416. 

Hab. Cfentral Province, in the forests, at an elevation of 1600 to 4000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Malabodde." 

4. M. HorsfieldU, Bl. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 163, cum syn. ; Alph. DC. 
Prod, xiv., p. 200.)— c.P. 221. 

Hab. Abundant in the Ambagamowa and Eatnapoora districts, up 
to an elevation of 1000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Kook-gass.*' 

The very fragrant male flowers are used by the natives as a perfume for scenting 
their clothes. 

VII. MONIMIACILE. 
1. HORTONIA, Wight. 

1. H. floHbimda, Wight, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 166.) 



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12 BNUMEBATiON OF IMenwpermaceiB, 

Var. a, acuminata, H.f. et T., 1. c. (Sort, JUynhv/nda and J?, acu- 
nf.inata, Wight, Ic.) — c.p. 1027. 
0^ Var. /3. ovalifhlia (HorL ovalifoUa, Wight, lo.)— c.p. 169, 161, 175. 

Var. y. angust\fbUa; foliis lineari-laiiceouitis j floribus mxdto minoribus 
quam in rarr. a et /3. — c.p. 1026. 

Hab. Vara, a and 0. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000-7000 
feet. Var. y. In the neighbourhood of Gralle, at no great elevation. 
Nom. vulg. " Waaweya." 

Flores pallide viridi-flavi. Drupa camosse, pulposee, mbro-nigricantes. 

Between varieties a and ^ of this species there are intermediate forms, by which 
they pass insensibly into one another, and they both occnr at considerable ele- 
vations on the hills of the Central Province. Variety y, however, may be consi- 
dered a permanent or snb-permanent one, as it is a mnch more delicate plant, 
with far smaller flowers, and occurs at no great elevation above the level of the sea. 
I shall have occasion to notice, in this " Enumeration,'* similar varieties of several 
other species. 

Vin. MENISPEEMACEiE. 

1. COSCINIUM, Colebr. 

1. O. fenestratom, Colebr. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 178, cum syn.) — c.p. 
1065. 

Hab. Central and Southern Provinces, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. Nom. vulg. "Weniwel." 

An infusion of the wood of this plant is employed by the Cinghalese as a bitter 
tonic. 

2. TINOSFOBA, Miers. 

1. T. tomentoM, Miers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 183, cum syn.)— c.p. 2804. 
Hab. On the Lower Badulla Soad from !Eandy, at no great eleva- 
tion. Nom. vulg. " Bookinda." 

2. T. cordifoUa, Miers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 184, cum syn.)— c.p. 1053. 
Hab. Warm, drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. Nom. 

vulg. " Eassakinda." 

An infusion of the young stems of this plant is used as a remedy in fevers. 

3. ANAMIBTA, Colebr. 

1. A. Cocddnsy W. et A. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 186, cum syn.)— c.p. 
2722. 

Hab. Wanner parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 
Nom. vulg. "Tetti-wel." 

4. TILIACOBA, Colebr. 

1. T. aemninate, Miers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 187, cum syn.)— c.p. 1066. 
Hab. North-eastern parts of the island, at no great elevation. 
Gardner. 

6. LIMACIA, Lour. 
1. la. ciuipidata, H.f. et T., 1. o. p. 189.— c.p. 1061. 



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Berbertdea,^ cbylon PLiJiTS. 13 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vxdg. 
" Nirriwel." 

6. COCCULXJS, DC. 

1. O. macrocarpnsy W. et A. (H.f. et T., 1. o. p. 191, enm syn.) — 
c.p. 1052. 
Hab. Central Province, not uncommon. 

7. STEPHANIA, Lour. 

1. S. hemandifblia, Walpers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 196, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 2757. 
Hab. Common in the Central Province. 



8. CISSAMPELOS, Lin. 

1. O. Pareira, Lin. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 198, cum syn.)— c.p. 169. 

Hab. Very common throughout the island. Nom. vxdg. "Deyamitta." 
. 2. C. snbpeltatay Thw. (c.p. 168);/o^m cordatis vel rotundato-acutis 
obtusatisve, subpeltatis, apiculatis, supeme parce pilosis, subtus cinereis, 
subtomentosis ; F(EM. hracteis parvis, oblongis oblatisve, utrinque hir- 
sutissimis, aniculo subsequilongo ; drttpis oblongis. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Eatnapoora Districts, at no great elevation. 

Bamuli striati, parce pubescentes. Folia 2-3 poll, longa et sequilata. Peiioli 
1-^2J poll, lougi, striati, pnbescentes, prope marginem folu aflBii. Fanicula plus 
minus dongatee, sabtomentosse. Drupa 2 lin. longse, 1^ lin. latsB. 

This seems to be a very distinct species, the female inflorescence wanting the large 
foliaceons bracts so characteristic of C. Pareira. The drupes of C. subpeltata are 
also much larger than those of its congener. 

9. CYCLEA, Am. 

1. O. Bnrmaimi, Miers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 201, cum syn.)— c.p. 1049. 
Hab. Very abundant throughout iJie island. Noul vulg. " Caahe- 

pittang." 

2. O. peltata, H.f. et T., p. 201, cum syn. 

I know nothing of this plant, never having collected any specimens of the genus 
but what seemed to be all referable to one species. 

10. PACHYGONB, Miers. 

1. P. oTata, Miers, (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 203, cum syn.)— c.p. 1060, 
1054. 
Hab. Dry, hotter parts of the island, not unconmion. 

IX. BEEBEEIDKS:. 
1. BEBBEBIS, Lin. 

1. B. aristata, DC. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 222, cum syn.)— c.p. 2405. 
Hab. Newera Elba, and other elevated parts of the island, abundant. 



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14 ENUMEEATioN OF [Cappartdocea, 

X. NYMPH^ACEJE. 

1. NYMPHJBA, Lin. 

1. W. Iiotns, Lin. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 241, cum syn.) 
Var. a. Lotus (c.p. 1020). 

Var. jS. pubescens (c.p. 1019). 

Hab. Not nncommon in the lower parts of the island. 

2. W. steUata, WiUd. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 243, cum syn.)— c.p. 1021. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

I have never seen any bnt the pale, whitish variety in Ceylon. 

XL NELUMBIACEiE. 

1. NELUMBIUM, Juss. 

1. W. speciosnm, Willd. (H.f. et T., 1. c. p. 248, cum syn.)— c.p. 1022. 
Hab. Colombo, and elsewhere in the island. 

XII. CEUCIFEE^. 

1. CABDAMINE, Lin. 

1. O. hirsute, Lin.— C.P. 2962. 
Var. ma^or; ssepissime trifoliolata. — c.p. 1017. 
Hab. ]N ot uncommon in the more elevated parts of the island, above 
4000 feet. The trifoliolate variety occurs in snady woods. 

XIII. CAPPAEIDACE^. 
1. GYNANDBOFSIS, DC. 

1. a. pentepliylU, DC. Prod. i. 238, cum syn.— c.p. 2640. 
Hab. Common in cultivated ground. Nom. vulg. "Waila." 

2. CLEOME, DC. 

1. O. monophylla, Lin. (DC. Prod. i. 239.)— c.P. 2792. 

Hab. Cultivated ground, common. The flowers are of a dull-purple 
colour. 

2. O. aspera, Koenig, (DC. Prod. i. 241.)— c.p. 1068. 
Hab. Dry sandy ground, common. 

3. FOIiANISIA, Eafin. 

1. P. TUcosa, jB. icosandra, DC. Prod. i. 242.— c.p. 1073. 
Hab. Very common in cultivated ground. 

4. CBATJESVA, Lin. 
1. O. Rozbnrffliii, E. Br. (W. et A., Prod. i. 23.)— c.p. 1067. 



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Capparidacea.'] cbtlon plants. 15 

Hab. North-eastern parts of the island, at no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. " Loonoowarana.* 

5. CADABA, Forsk. 

1. O. trifoUata, W. et A. Prod. i. 24.— c.p. 1066. 
Hab. Northern part of the island, Gardner. 

2. O. Indica, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 24.)— c.p. 1070. 
Hab. Northern part of the island, Gardner, 

6. MJESBXJA, Forsk. 

1. M. oblon^oUa, A.Eich. Tent. Fl. Abyss, i. 32, t. b.—Niehuhria 
ohlongifolia, DC. Prod. i. 244; Hook. Ic. ii. t. 128.— c.p. 1064. 
Hab. Trincomalee, Gardner. 

7. CAPPABIS, Lin. 

Sect. 1. 

1. O. brerispina, DC. Prod. i. 246, (W. et A. Prod. i. 24, cum syn.) 
Var. a. brevispina {C. hrevispina, DC.) — c.p. 1062 and 2509. 

Var. /3. Bheedii (C. Rheedii, DC.)— c.p. 1060. 
Var. y. rotundifolia (C. rotundjfolia, Rottb. ; WiUd.) — c.P. 1059. 
Hab. Very abundant in the hot, dry northern parts of the island. 
May not one of the forms of this species be the C. Zeylanica of Linnaeus ? 

2. O. stylosa, DC. Prod. i. 246, (W. et A. Prod. i. 25, cum syn.)— 
C.P. 1072. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

Sect. 2. 

3. O. horrida, Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 26, cum syn.)— c.p. 1058. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1600 feet. 

4. O. tetrasperma, Thw. (c.P. 614) ; stipulis spinosis, brevibus, 
uncinatis ; foliis ovatis, acuminatis, glabris ; junioribus parce ^ubes- 
centibus ; sepalis glabris, margine lanatis ; petalis interne glabris, ex- 
teme lanuginosis. 

Hab. Lower Badulla Boad from Kandy, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. 

FrtUea; scandens. Ramuii teretes, minute striati, glabri. Folia l|-2^ poll, 
longa, f-1^ poll, lata, peiiolo ^ poll, longo. Pedicelli supra-axillares, ssepissime 3, 
l-seriales, 6 lin. longi. Petala oblonga, 2 lin. longa, sepala ovalia acuta parum 
ezcedentia. Stamina circiter 20. Ovarium oblongum, attenuatum ; gynophoro 
pedicellnm subeeqnaute; placentis 2, 2-3-ovulati8. Ovula brevi-stipitata. Nuculania 
globosa, 4 lin. in diam., ssepissime 4-8perma. 

lliis is probably the C. Zeylanica of Be Candolle, but can scarcely be the plant so 
called by Linneeus, the leaves of which are described as " snbpetiolata ;" nor can it 
well be the C. acuminata, Willd. (C. Zeylanica^ W. et A.), which is stated to have 
the leaves tomentose beneath, and the spiny stipules straight. 

Sect. 3. 

5. O. Rozbnrgfliii, DC. Prod. i. 247 ; W. et A. Prod. i. 26 ; E. W. 
Ic. t. 1048.— c.p. 1065, 2480. 



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16 ENT7MBBAT10N OF IFlooourtiocea, 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. 
Petala albida. Ovarium oblongnm, attenuatnm ; placeniis 5, plarioynlatiB. Ovula 
subsessilia. Nuculania globosa. Semina nomerosa. 

6. O. Moonii, E. W. Dlust. i. p. 36.— c.p. 2415. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Fruiex scandens, maximas, glaberrimus ; stipulis spinosis, nncinatis. Folia 4-6 
poll, longa, lf-2^ lata, oblonga, acuminata, acumine reflexo, basi rotundata, petiolo 
circiter ^ poll, longo. Petala alba, parce pilosa, sepalis rotondatis circiter 1 polL 
longis bis longiora. Stamina nomerosa, filamentis (Jbis, 3-4 poll, longis. Ovarium 
ampuWsdforme, ffynopkoro 4 poll, longo, placentis 4, pluriovnlatis. Ovula longe- 
stipitata. Nuculania globosa, circiter 4 poll, in diam. Semina nomerosa, fabae 
magnse magnitodine. 

7. O. retnaella, Thw. (c.p. 2560) ; ramis ramulisqxie ferrugineo- 
tomentosis, stipulis spinosis nncinatis armatis ; foliis parvis, ovatis, 
versus apicem retusum angustatis ; racemis terminalibus, 5-6-floris ; 
pedicellis hoiizontalibus ; JUyriJyus parvis. 

Hab. Lower Badulla Sioad from Kandy, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. 

Folia 1-2 poll, longa, 3-6 lin. lata, glabra, juniora ferrugineo-pilosa. Petioli 
1\ lin. longi, tomentosi. Pedicelli glabri, 6 lin. longi, basi bractea minuta 
lanceolata tomentosa soffolti. Sepala rotundata, albo-marginata, glabra, parce 
ciliata, 2 lin. longa. Petala alba, glabra, ciliata, oblonga, 3 lin. longa. Stamina 
circiter 30, gynophorum 4 lin. longom sequantia. Ovarium oblongum, apice atte- 
nuatum ; placentis 2, pluriovulatis. Ovula brevi-stipitata. Nuculania globosa, 3 
lin. in diam. 

8. O. pednnculosa, Wall. No. 6999, (W. et A. Prod. i. 27.)— c.p. 1069. 
Hab. Lower Badulla Eoad from Kandy, up to an elevation of 1500 

feet. 

9. O. ^aadis, Hb. Heyne, (W. et A. Prod. i. 27.)— c.p. 1071. 
Hab. North-east of the island, Gardner. 

10. O. sepiaria, Lm. (W. et A. Prod. i. 26, cum syn.)— c.p. 1063. 
Hab. Jaffna, Gardner. 

XIV. FLACOUETIACEiE. 

1. BIXA, Lin. 

1. B. Orellana, Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 31, cum syn.)— c.p. 2821. 
Hab. ZomegaUe, Four Zorles, etc., but scarcely truly wild. 

PROCKEM. 
2. FHOBEBOSy Lour. 
Sect. 1. — Foliis ad petioli apicem higlandtdosis. 
1. P. Amottianiuiy Thw. (cp. 3626) ; foliis ovalibus, apicem versus 
obscure serratis ; sepalis 8-10, oblongis. 

Hab. I know of this species only firom two not verjr old trees growing 
in the Botanic Garden, where there is no record of whence they were 
procured. Nom. vidg. " Katookooroondoo." 

Arbor mediocris. Truncus spinis magnis compositis armatus. Bamuli plerumque 



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Flaeourii€u^€B,'] cxylon plants. 17 

inermee. FoUa 1^-2| poll; longa, 1-1| poll, krta, i^ice obseitre et brcrissiine 
tcamioato, rotondato yd reiuso. Fstioli ^ poll, lougi. Nueulama pisi magoku- 
dine, sobglobosi, pulposi, rabroHiigresceDtes. 

There can be little doubt, I think, of this beiag Gsertn.er^B plant, from tke number 
^ sepals being frequently 8, as he has figured them. It can scarcdy be the P. 
macrophyllus, W. et A. Prod. i. 30, as the leaves are scarcely acuminated, and the 
fruit is pulpy, not dry. 

Sect. 2. — Foliis basi eglandtilosis. 

2. p. Qsertneri, Hiw. ; trunco armato ; foliis utrinque venis promi- 
nfentibus reticulatis ; sepalis 10, rotundatis, obtusis. — Limonia pusilla, 
Gffirtn. i. 279. t'. 58, 4. 

Var. a. oblongifoliiis (c.p. 2497) ; fhliis oblongis, basi apiceque ple- 
rumque rotuiumtis. 

Var. p, cordifolttcs (Scolopia pusilla. Moon's Cat.) — c.p. 1076 ; foliis 
orato- yel rotimdato-cordatis, obtusis yel subaouminatis. 

Var. y. lanceolatus (c.p. 64^ 181, 211) \ foliis laneeolatis, basi apiceque 
plus minus angustatis. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1600 feet. 
Var. p. Hot parts of the island, ana especially near the seacoast. 
Var. y. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. *' Katoo-koo- 
roondoo." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia (Fair. a. et y.) 1-2 poll, longa, Y^ P^* ^*^ } (^^' ^•) 
valde yariantia. Nuculania snbglobosa, pisi magnitudine, pmposa, rubro-nigrescentia. 

It is impossible to retain Gainer's specific name pf pusUlus for this, which forms 
a large tree. Hie leaves of var. y are less coriaceous and more minutely reticulated 
than those of vars. a and /S, and it may possibly be a distinct species.* 

3. P. actiminatiui, Gardner, MSS. (c.p. 1077) ; foliis glabris, ovato- 
lanceolatis, longe acuminatis, apicem versus obtusum serratis, basi 
anguStatis ; sepalis 10-12, late lanceolatis. 

Hab. Central Province, at an ^evation of 1000 to 8000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Katookenda." 
' Arbor medioeris, junior spinosa, denique inermis. Folia 2-3^ poll, loaga, 
1-lf poll., lata, subtus pallidiora, obscure et delicatule venosa. Feiioli 2-8 un, 
longi. Nuculania subglobosa, cerasi magnitudine, caruosa, viridia, firma nee 
puiposa. 

4 P. iXookeiiaaiuBy Wight, MSS. (c.p. 629) ; foliis ovatis, subaou- 
minatis, obtusis, basi angustatis, margine parce undulatis; sepalis 
X%-\^ oblongis. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. , 
Arbor ingena, juaiw ^inosa, deniqne inennis. FoUa l-|-2 poU. longa, f^l poU. 
lata, valile qoriaeea, aubtos venis promiaentibua reticulata. FeitoH vix 2 lin. longi. 
NneulaJmi cerosi nftagnitudine Melm^jonif'eamoaa, viridia, firm» see pulposi. 

FLACOmTlE^, 

3. FIiACOURTIA, Commers. 

1. F. sepiaiia, Eoxb. (W. et*A. Prod. i. 29, cum syn.)— c.p. 1650. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 

2. F. saiiida, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 2583. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1600 to 3000 (%^ Nom. 
vulg. " OogoOTassa." 



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18 ENUMEEATiON OF [FanffioceiB, 

Arbor mediocris. Truncus spinis magnis compositis annatns. Bamuli cortice 
cinerasceDfi ; spinis panels, simplicibus, azillftribus. Polia 2-3 poll, longa, 1^-2 
poll, lata, snperne nitida, reticnlatim venosa, subtns palUdiora. Ntteulania c&msi 
parvi magnitadine, rubro-nigreseentia. 

The fruit of this tree is eaten, when quite ripe, by the natives ; but when unripe 
if is extremely astringent. 

4. ROUMEA, Poit. 

1. R. hebecarpa, Gardner, in Calcutta Journ. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. 
p. 9 (c.p. 1075) ; arborea, inermis, foliis petiolatis, ovato-oblpngis vel 
oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi subobtusis> integris vel dentato- 
serratis, supra nitidis pubescentibus, subtus paUidis, tomentosis ; nu- 
culaniis globosis, velutinis. — Qardm^er. 

Hab. Condasalle, Maturatte, etc. Nom. vulg. " Katambilla." 

Arbor mediocris, 16-20-pedalis. Ramuli teretes, cinerei, tubercnlati, juniores 
rnfescentes, tomentosi. Folia circiter 4 poll, longa, 2 lata, petiolo circiter 4 lin. 
longo, costa venis primariisque rufescentibus. Mas. Feduncuii brevissimi, ssspe 
geminati. Fedicelli 10-20, umbellati, circiter 4 lin. longi, pubescentes. (klyx 
profimde 5-7-partitus, lobis lanceolatis, acutis, pubescentibus. Staminfi numerosa ; 
Jilamentis filiformibus, calycis segmenta eequantibus ; antheris introrsis, obtusis. 
Ovarii rudimentum nidlum vel parvum. Discus hypogynus nullus. F(EM . Fedicelli 
1-3. Calycis lobi ovato-lanceolati, acuti, persistentes, circiter %\ lin. longi. 
Ovarium dense pubescens, subglobosuni, disco annulari crenulato cinctum, placentis 
5-7, 2-ovulatis. Styli divergentes, 14 liu. longi, pilosi. Stigmata radiatim 
fimbriata. Nuculania circiter 1 poll, in diam. — A descript. cl. Gardner pracipue 
excerpt. . > 

The acid fruit of this species is eaten by theOinghalese. 

ERTTHROSFmMEM 
5. ERYTHROSPERMUM, Lam. 

1..B. pl&srtolaccoides, Gardner, 1. c. p. 11 (c.p. 468) ; foliis sparsis, 
petiolatis, oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, utrinque glaber- 
rimis, integris vel obscure serratis ; racemis paniculatis, axiliaribus 
terminalibusque, folia subsequantibus ; sepalis 5, ovatis, obtusis, con- 
cavis ; petalis ovato-oblongis, ciliatis ; antheris sagittatis. — Gardner, 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Ratnapoora Districts, up to an elevation of 
1500 feet. 

Arbor mediocris, 20-30-pedali8. Hamuli glabri, teretes. Folia altema, supeme 
nitida, subtus palHdiora, venis promineutibus reticulata, 3^-8 poll, longa, 1^3 poll, 
lata. Fetioli 3-8 lin. longi, supeme sulcati, basi apiceque tumiduli. Stipula 
pinutse, lanceolatse, rnfescentes. Bacemi multiflori. Feduncuii glabri, obtusangnli, 
albidi. Fedicelli 2-3 lin. longi, basi 3-bracteolati. S^pala albida, rufo-tincta, 
circiter 2 lin. longa. Fetala alba, ovato-oblonga, obtusa, cUiata, sepalis eequilouga. 
Ovarium oblongum, glabrum. Capsula globosa, 3-5 Hn. in diam., fere ad basin 
3-4-valva, oligosperma. — A descript. cl. Gardner pracipue excerpt. 



XV. PANGI4CE^. 
1. HYDNOCARPUS, Gartner. 

1. H. inebriaas, Vahl, (non W. et A. Prod. i. 30, et R. W. HI. 
i. 38. t. 16.)—^. venenata, Gartner, Fruct. i. 288.. t. 60, 3.— c.p. 1630. 



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] CEtLON PLANTS. 19 

Hab. Banks of rivers, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" MaJcooloo." 

Arbor magna. Folia lanceolata, acnmiiiata, serrata vd snbintegra, basi plus minns 
angostata, snbobliqua. Sepala rotoodafca, petalit rotnndatis, dliatis, 1^ lin. longis 
parce longiora. Squamuli rotnndatse, acominatse, ferrogineo-strigoue. NUaulama 
drciter 1 poll, in diam., ferrngineo-tomentosa, demum nigrescentia. 

The fimit of this plant is osed by the Cinghalese for intoxicating fish. The oil 
extracted from the seeds is employed as a remedy in cutaneons complaints. 

2. H. octaadnuiy Thw. in Hooker's Joum. of Bot. vol. vii.' (1855) 
p. 197.— c.p. 2640. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of about 2500 feet. 

3. H. alprnus, Wight, Ic. t. 942.— c.p. 2918. 

Hab. Safiragam and Bintenne Districts, at no great elevation. 

2. TBICHADBNIA, Thw. 1. c. 

1. T. Zeylaniea, Thw. 1. c. 196. t. 5.— C.P. 2505. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of about 3000 feet, not un- 
common. Nom. vulg. ** Tettigass." 
The oil extracted from the seeds is nsed for diseases of the skin of children. 



XVI. SAMYDACE^: 

1. CASEABIA, Jacq. 

1. O. tomentosa, Eoxb. (DC. Prod. ii. 61.)— c.P. 1248. 
Hab. Jaffiia and Sigre, Gardner, 

Hamuli pnbescentes. Folia oblonga, ntrinqne angostata, obtosa, crenata, 3-4 
polL longa, 1-14 !»**> supeme sabglabra, subtus pnbescentia. Petioli pabescentes, 
i poll, longi. Ovarium 3-placentatam. 

2. O. Zeylanica, (C ovata, Willd.P C. esculenta, Eoxb. P Vareca 
Zeylanica, Gartn. Fruct. i. 290. t. 60, 6.)— c.p. 415, 2603 ; foliis lan- 
ceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, integris vel obscure dentatis, nitidis, 
reticulatis, junioribus parce hirsutis ; staminibus 8 ; ovario hirsute, 3- 
placentato ; stigmate in medio depresso. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, very common, up to an elevation of 
1500 feet. Nom. vulg. " Wal-wareka." 
Arbor mediocris. Folia 3-6 polL longa, 1-2 poll. lata. Petioli i-i poll, longi. 

3. C. Cluanpiimi, Tfaw. (c.P. 2608); foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, 
acuminatis, glabris, nitidis, reticulatis ; staminilms 8 ; ovario glabro, 3- 
placentato ; stigmate piano, obscure 3-lobato. 

Hab. Central Provmce, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Hamuli, cum folOt jnnioribns, rofescentes, glabri. Folia 8-6 
poll, longa, li-2| lata. Petioli i^ polL longi. 

4. O. varians, Thw. ; foliis glabris, subopacis, integris vel rarius 
parce crenatis, obscure reticulatis, basi acutis ; staminibus ssBpissime 7 ; 
ovario glabro, 2-placentato ; stigmate obscure 2-lobo. 

Var. a. avata (c.p. 2604 and 2657) ; foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceola- 
tis, acuminatis. 

Yar. 0. minor (c.p. 3365) ; foliis ut in var. a, sed multo minoribus. 



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ao EKUMEBAtiOK ot IVioioceeB. 

Yar. y, obov4ita (c.p. 1217, 1247) ; foliis oboratis, i^oe, obtuse sub- 
acuminato, rotondato vel retuso. 

Hab. Vara, a and /3 in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 
to 6000 feet. Var. y at Newera Ellie, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 
feet .; 

^ Variety a of this roecies bears considerable resemblance to C. Champiofn, as re- 
gards tbe shape and size of the leaves, bat in other respects is sufficiently distinct. 

6. O. coriacea, Thw. (c.p. 465) ; foliis obovatis, brevissime acnmi- 
natis, obtusis, basi angustatis, coriaceis, creberrime reticulatis, glabris, 
rfupeme (siccis) nigricantibus, subtus cinereis ; staminibtM 6-8, squamis 
truncatis pilosis multo longioribus ; ovario glabro, 2-placentato. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2-3 poll, longa, li-l| lata. PetioH 2-3 lin. loffgi. 

This species a good deal resembles the variety y of (7. variaru, but the leaves are 
far more coriaceous, and more densely reticulateid^ 

2. OSMELIA, Thw. 

Ohab. Gbn.— Ca^o; 5-partittis. Stamina 10 (5 cum totidem tj^tkz- * 
mulis profunde bilobis, dense pilosis altemantia, 5 in earundem squa- 
mularum sinubns sizigulatim inserta), omnia fertilia, subsequalia. Styli 
3, incurvati. CapsuTa subcoriacea, 3-valvis. Semina pauca. 

1. O. Oairdiieiiy Thw. {Casearia paniculata, Gardner, MSS.) — c.p. 
1246. . 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. Not 
common. 

Jrbor mediocris, cortice leevi. Bamuli teretes, juniores pilosi. Folia integra, 
ovato-lanceolata, acaminata, glabra, pennivenia, 2i-4 polL longa, 1-1 i poll. lata. 
Petioli supeme snlcati, 2-3 Hn. longi. Stipula minutse, deciduse. Racemi termi- 
nales, elongati, interrnpti, mnltiflori, pubescentes, pauicnlati. Floret brevissime pe- 
dicellati, albidi, plus minns rufo-tincti, singuli invoiucello rainuto copuliformi basi 
unibracteato snffulti. Calycis lobi rotundati, eiteme parce pilosi. Stamina eiserta. 
Ooarium oblongum,^ dense pilosom, 3-placentatum ; placentis 2-3-ovulatis. Capsula 
^lobosa, 1-4-sperma. Semina subglobosa, arillo oaraoeo, rubro ; teita membra- 



XVII. VIOLACILE. 
1. VIOLA, Lin. 

1. V. PatrinU, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 32, cum syn.)— c.p. 1087. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. Not 

uncommon. 

2. V. IVi^litiaiia, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. L c. ; E. W. Illuat, 943.)— 
c.p. 153. 

Var. a.pubescens; planta tota plus minus pubescens, Jhliia crenato- 
serratis. 

Var. fi^lahra; planta tota glabra, ^b/m obscure crenato-serratis. 

Hab. Var. a, Central Province, very abundant, at an elevation of 
4000 to 8000 feet. Var. fi in wet, spongy places, at Newera EUia. 

2. lONIDIUM, Ventn. 

1. I. suffrnticosum, Ging. in DC. (W. et A. Prod. 1. c. ; R. W. HI. 
308.)— c.p. 76. 



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Hab. Hot, dry, exposed pkoes, up to an elevAtion of 8000 feet. 
Common. 

2. X. ramoaissimmay Thw. (c.p. 1084) ; fruticosum, suberectom, fo- 
liis linearibus, apicnla^S) leeyibus, integerrimiB, glaucis, marginibiis re- 
volutis. 

Hab. Banks of the Mahawelligauga at Haragam. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, but besides the characters mentioned above, 
the stems are maofa more woody, and theintemodes shorter, than in /. tufhUicoium, 
la the infloreseence of the two species I can discover no difference; and the glandn- 
hr-tipped stipules are aUke in both. 

3. AIiSODBIA* Tlioum. 

1. A. Zeylanica, Thw. (Pentaloha Z^lanica, Am. Mag. of Zool. and 
Bot. ii. 543.)— c.p. 2669. 

Hab. Batnapoora District. Not uncommon. 

Frutex erectus, 10-12-pedalis. Eamuli teretes, cinerei, opaci, joniores pilosi. 
Folia lanceolata vel ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, 21-6 poll, longa, 1-2| polL lata, 
nitida„ reticulata, obntata. Petioli 21-5 lin. longi, superne snlcati. Stipula lanceo- 
latee, acntse, appressse, 3-4 lin. longse, rufo-fuscse, subpersistentes. Fasciculi pluri- 
bracteolati, bracteolis acutis, rufo-fuscis. Fedicelli circiter 1 lin. longi. Floret al- 
bidi. Calycis lobi lanceolati, acnti, petalis apice recnrvatis, pins qoam dimidio bre- 
viores, rufo-tincti. C^r^r^^/ifi mfescens, 5-crenatus; creuaturis filamentis snpra basin 
insoHs oppositis. Siaminum, JUametUa cum ligulis alba, antheramm loculi introrsi, 
flavi. Stigma trilobum. 

4. Gen. Not. SCYPHBLI-ANDBA, Thw. 

Sepala 5. JPetala 6. Glandules 5, minutse, camosee, petalis alter- 
nantes, staminum 5 dorso appressse. Antherce subsessiles, marginibus 
cohaerentes, singuke connectivo hito in ligulam apicalem, libefam, mem- 
branaceam producto. Ovarium sessile, 1-loculare ; st^lo lineari ; stig- 
mate 3-lobato. Capsula 3-valvis, 3-4-8perma. 

1. S. Tirgatay Thw. ; foliis altemis, ovatis vel oblongis, denticulatis, 
glabris, basi apiceque obtusis, petiolatis. — c.p. 1085. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

Frutex parvus. Batnuli virgati, cinerei, striati; juniores pilis curvatis pubes- 
centes. Folia magnitudine etiam in ramo uno valde varia, li-14 lin. longa, 1-6 
Hn. lata. P^tioH \-l Un. longi, pubescentes. Stipula minntee, lanceolatse. Fe- 
dunculi axiUares, solitarii, 1-flori, 1-2 lin. longi, basi pluri-bracteolati. , Sepala 
ovata, acuminata, petalis Uneari-oblongis, 5-n«rvi8, circiter 1 lin. longis-plos quam 
dimidio breviora. Capsula 2^ lin. longa. 

This interesting little plant has the anthers of Hymenanthera and the carpels and 
numerous bracteolse of Alsodeia, thus forming a connecting link between the two 
genera. 

XVIII. DEOSEEACILE. 
1. DHOSEBA, Lin. 

1. D. Burmanni, Vahl, (W. et A. Prod. i. 34, cum syn ; E. W. Ic. 
944.)— c.p. 1089. 

Hab. Not uncommon throughout the island. 

2. D. Zndioa, linn. (W. et A. Prod. 1. c. cum. syn.)— c.p. 1088. 
Hab. South of the island. Not common. 



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2[ ' SNUMBBATiov OF [Pol^galctcecB, 

3. D. hmata, Ham. (DC. Prod. i. 319.)— c.p. 2563. . 
Hab. Common in the most elevated districts of the island. 



XIX. POLTaALACE^. 
1. POLYGALA, Lin. 

1. P. telephioides, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 36, cum syn.)— c.p. 1080. 
Hab. Colombo, Haragam, etc. 

2. P. rosmarinifoUa, W. et A. Prod. i. 37 (non Eck. et Zeyh.). 
Var. a. mucronata (c.p. 715 et 1083) ; foliis glabri^ vel parce pnbes- 

centibus, bracteolis longe mucronatis. 

Var. iS. puberula (c.p. 1082) ; foliis pubescentibus, bracteolis raro 
mucronnlatis. 

Hab. Not very common, but generally distributed, occurring from 
the level of the sea up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

I have hitherto been disposed to cousider rars. a and $ distinct species, bnt they 
resemble each other so closdy in most respects that it is perhaps hardly safe to sepa- 
rate them on account of sach trivial differences as the greater or less pubescence of 
the fohage, or the bracteoles being mucronate or otherwise. 

3. P. elonyata, Klein, in Willd. Sp. iii. 879; DC. Prod. i. 332.— P. 
densiflora, Bluriie, Bijd. 59.— (c.p. 7, 260, et 592.) 

Var. jS. hirsutula.—P. hirsuMila, Am. Pc^. 4 (322.)— c.p. 1079, 1081. 
~ Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of4000 to 7000 feet. 
This is a very variable species, especially in the form and hairiness of the leares, 
and length of the racemes. The flowers, which are of a bluish or a purple colour, 
are very uniform in size and structure throughout the several varieties. Jhe narrow 
border of the capsule is pubescent with curved hairs, and with these are frequently 
intermixed ^raight, longer hairs. Var. jS occurs on banks at Newera EUia, and is only 
a stunted form of the plant. 

4. P. Javana, DC. Prod. i. 327 (W. et A. Prod. i. 38.)— c.p. 184. 
Var. j3. angustifolia : foliis lineari-oblongis. 

Hab. Var. a, north of the island, Gardner, Var. ft Balangodde, 
Gardner, And MAUuxsitte. 

5. P. leptalea, DC. Prod. i. 325.— P. oligophylla, DC, 1. c— c.p. 3550. 
Hab. Nilgalla, in the Badalla District ; amongst high grass, rare. 

6. P. ariUata, Ham. (W. et A. Prod. i. 39; E. W. Icon. 946.)— c.p. 
434 et 517. 

Hab.' Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

2. SALOMONIA, Lour. 

1. S. oblonffifolia, DC. Prod. i. 334 (S. l&ptostachya, Wall. Cat.)— 
c.p. 1086. 

Hab. Swampy ground in the south of the island. 
Mr. W. Ferguson, who has been examining Hermann's Herbarium in the British 
Museum, informs me that this plant is there called Polygala ciliata. 

2. S. cordata, Am. Pugillus, 4 (322.) — S. cordata et 8. ohovata, 
Wight, must. 49 et 50. t. 22 B, etc.— c.p. 2906. 

Hab. Similar places with the preceding. 

The spikes of flowers are more compact in this species, and the cilia upon the 
capsules are much longer. 



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PortulacetB.'] cbylon plants. 23 

3. XAMTPHOPHYLLTJM, Eoxb. 

1. X. flavesceiuiy Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 39, cum syn.)— c.p. 1244. 
Hab. South of the ishuidC at no great eleyation. 



XX. TAMAEISCINE^. 
1. TBICHAUBTJS (Arn. M8S.), W. et A. 

1. T. eric6ides, Am. MSS. (W. et A. Prod. i. 40, cum syn; R. W. 
Blust. ^ B.)— c.p. 1264. 
£La.b. JNegombo, Puttam, and Moolitivoe, Gardner, 

XXI. ELATINiLE. 
1. BEBGIA, Linn. 

1. B. ▼erticillata, W. et A. Prod. i. 41, cum syn.— c.p. 3651. , 
Hab. Swampy places in the Batticaloa District. 

2. B. ammaimoides, Boxb. — Elatine (Bergia) (Mnmannoides, W. et 
A. Prod. i. 41, cum syn. ; Wight, lUust. p. 54. t. 25 A.— c.p. 1543. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

XXn. SESUVIACE^. 
1. TBIANTHBMA, Sauv. 

1. T. crystallina, Vahl, (W. et Prod. i. 355, cum syn.)— c.p. 3662. 
Hab. Batticaloa District. 

2. T. obcordata, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 355, cum syn. ; R. W. 
Icon. t. 288.)--c.p. 1102. 

Hab. "Very common on the seacoast of the island. 

3. T. decaadra, Lin. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 296.) 
— c J. 1104. 

Hab. East of the island, Gardner; Colombo, etc. Nom. vulg. 
" Saarana." Used as a medicine. 

2. SBSUVlUM, Linn. 

1. S. repensy Rottb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 361, cum syn.)— c.p. 1098. 
Hab. Trincomalee, Gardner. 

XXin. PORTULACE^. 
1. POBTUIiACA, Toum. 

1. P. oleracea, Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 356, cum syn.) — c.p. 1103. 
Hab. Abundant throughout the island. Nom. vulg. " Genda-kola.'* 

2. P. qiukdiifida, Lin. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1100. 
Hab. Very abundant. Norn. Vulg. " Heen-genda-kola." 



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24 BjruiCBBATiow QV ICa/ryopkyllaeea. 

3. P. sulEnitieosa, B. W. (W. et A., 1.0.)— <3^. 1101. 
Hab. Damboul, Oa/rdner, 



XXIV. CARYOPHYLLACE-^. 

1. STy.T.T.AB.TA, Linn. 

1. S. drymarioidts, Thw.; foliis rotundstia, apioulatis, basi in petio- 
lum angustatis, nervo intramarginali conspicuo munitis ; cymis termi- 
mdibus, snbdiohotomia ; fl<mhu9 post anthesin oemai». — c.p. 400. 

Hab. Hapootelle Pass, at an elevation of about ,4000 fbet. April* 
1866. 

Caulis tetragonns, procnmbens, elongatns, radicans, ramulU erectil. Folia \-lk 
poll. loBga et sequilata, sparse pUosa, petiolo 1-4 lin. longo. Ojfm4B viscoso-tomen- 
tosse, ramis ssepe eloDgatis. JPedicelli florea subsequautes. Sqpala 5, ovata, sab- 
acuta, petalis albis diraricato-bifidis duplo longiora. Discus annularis parvus, 5- 
lobas ; lobis rotnndatis, cum petalia alteroaatiJlnB. 

2. S. media; Sm.— c.p. 3090. 

Hab. Newera EUia, probably introduced. 

2. OUBASTIUM, linn, 

1. O. Indicum, W. et A. Prod. i. 43.— -c.p. 2957. 

Hab. Newera Ellia, Horton Plains, and other very elevated parts of 
the island. 

In Ceylon specimens tbe leaves are lanceolate, and tbe f owers are of about equal 
lengtb with their pedicels^ 

3. MOLJiUGO, linn. 
I. nndicaoli*! Linn. (W. et A. Ptod. i. 43, cum ayn.)— c.p. 

Hab. Colombo, etc. 

2. M. pentaplijlla, Linn., including M. triphyUm, linn. ; W. et A., 
1. c— c.p. 1096. 

Hab. 0<mimon in the warmer parts of the island. 

3. W. Btrictay Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 44, cum ^n.)---c.p. 10^7. 
Hab. Not uncommon with the preceding. 

4. M. cerriaaa, Ser. (W. et A., l.*o. eum syn.) — C.P. 1092. 

Hab. Common in hot, sandy places. ITom. vulg. " Pat-paadagan.*' 
Used as a medicine in fevers. 

5. M. dUtiehay Ser. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)-— c.p. 1094 
Hab. Near the seacoast ; not uncommon. 

6. M. Spergida, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1095. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of iiie island. 

4. GUNUS,Linn. 

1. G. 4iotamiu»iae«* Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 3e2.)-^.p. 2937. 
Hab. Not uncommon in ti^ hot, drier psurts of the isknd. 
1 have found ten stamens in all the Ceylon speeinens I have cxamiaed. 



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Malvacea.} cetlon plants. 25 

XXV. PAEONYCHIACEiE. 
1. POLYCArBFiBA, Lam. 

1. P. corymbosa, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 358, cum syn. ; R. W. 
Icon. t. 712.)— c.p. 2383. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the drier parts of the island, up to an eleva- 
tion of 4000 feet. 

2. HAPALOSIA, Wall. 

1. H. I.oefllini^, WaU. (W. et A. Prod. i. 358, cum syn.)— c.p. 1090. 
Hab. Warm, drier parts of the island. 

3. DBYMABIA, WHld. 

1. D. cordata, WiUd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 359, cum syn.)— c.p. 1091. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

XXVI. LIKELE. 
1. LINUM, linn. 

1. Ii. llysorensey Heyne, (W. et A. Prod. i. 134, cum syn.) — c.p. 
3127. 

Hab. Abundant between Newera EUia and Badulla, at an elevation 
of from 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Folia trinervia, acuta. Petala paUide flava, rotaDdata, obtusa. FHamenta a snpra- 
medio dilatata, basi coalita ; dentibas intermediis nullis. 

XXVII. HUGONIACB^. 
L HXJG-OinA, Linn. 

1. H. Mystaz^ Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 72, cum syn:; Wight, Ulust. 
79. t. 32.)— c.p. 1185. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"Boogatteya." 

2. H. ferrnffinea, W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 1187. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

XXVIII. MALVACE^. 
1. TJBENA, Linn. 

1. W. lobata, lann. (W. et A. Prod. i. 46, cum syn.)— c.p. 3328. 
Hab. Very common throughout the island. Jfom. vulg. "Patta- 

appele.*' Lioer used for cordage. 

2. V. siniiatay Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum 8yn.)^.p. 1129. 

Hab. Equally common with the preceding. Nom. vulg. "Heen- 
appele." 



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26 ENUMEBATION OF IMalvOCeiB, 

2. PAVONIA, Cav.^ 

1. P. odorata, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 47, cum sjn.)— c.p. 1125. 
HiiB. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 

2. P. Zeylanica, Cav. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) 

I have not met with a plaut corresponding quite with the description given of 
this, and suspect it is but a form of the preceding, which I find with the leaves of 
the involucel varying in number from eleven to fifteen. Its flowers, when firesh, are 
either white or very pale red, becoming of a dull reddish colour when dry. 

3. HIBISCUS,.Linn. 

1. H. Svrattensisy Linn. (W. et A. ProcJ. i- 48, cum syn.) — c.p. 1118. 
■ Has. Very conmion in the hotter parts of the island, l^om. vulg. 
"Naapiritta." 

2. H. farcatus, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— ^c.p. 727. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Heen-naapiritta." 

3. H. Iiampas, Cav. (W. et A. Prod. i. 48, cum syn.)— c.p. 3565. 
Hab. Near NilgaUa, in the Badalla District. 

4. H. panduriformis, Burm. (W. et A. Prod. i. 50, cum syn.) — c.p. 
3528. 

Hab. Borders of a tank, at Toonkimy, in the Atakalan Corle. Sep- 
tember, 1857. 

5. H. vitifoUua, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1122. 
Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

6. H. eriocarpua, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1119. 

.Hab. In the hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. 

7. H. micraathns, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 51, cum syn.) — c.p. 1126. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, very abundant. 

4. PARITIUM, Ad. Juss. 

1. P. dUaeema, Ad. Juss. (W. et A. Prod. i. 52, cum syn.)— c.p. 1120. 
Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Bellipatta." The liber is used by the Cinghalese for rough ropes. 

5. ABEIiMOSCnUS, Med. 
Nom. vulg. " Kapookanissa.*' 

1. A. aagulosus, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 53, cum syn.) ; involucello 
(calyce, W. et A,) subpersistente ; calyce membranaceo, tenero, spathse- 
formi, cum corolla deciduo. 

Var. a. graTtdiJlorus ; petiolis scabris, nee hispidis ; corolla majore, 
flava ; semtnibtis subpyri&rmibus.— c.p. 2567. 

Var. 0. purpureus ; petiolis pilis rigidis hispidis ; corolla purpurea, 
venis pallidionbus ; seminihus globosis. — c.p. 1117. 

Hab. Var, a. Not uncommon in the Central Province, up to an ele- 
vation of 4000 feet. Var. jS. Newera EUia. 



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Malvac€iB,'\ cbylon plants. 27 

There appears to have been some miscoDception with regard to the iuvolncel and 
calyi of this species. The true calyx is of a very tencler membranaceons structure, 
consisting of five sepals united at their edges into the form of a spathe, which falls 
at the same time with the coroUa. 

Vars. a and )8 may possibly prove to be specifically distinct. 

2. A. moschatasy "Moench. (W. et A. Prod. i. 53, cum eyn.) — o.p. 
726. 

Hab. South of the island ; not uncommon. 

3. A. ficQlneus, W. et A., 1. c— c.P. 1157. 

Hab. Colombo, Moon, Borders of the Minery Tank. 

6. THESFESIA, Corr. 

1. T. popnlnea, Cohr. (W. et A. Prod. i. 54, cum syn.) — c.P. 1121. 

Hab. Colombo, Moon, Calpentyne, Gardner ; near Vavenery, in 
the Batticaloa District, apparently wild. Much used for planting as 
an ornamental and usefol tree. Nom. vulg. ** Sooreya-gass.' 

7. LAGUNEA, Cav. 

1. Ii. lobata, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 65, cum syn.)— c.P. 67. 
Hab. Yery abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Gralagama, 
Qardmer. 

8. ABUTILON, DilL 

Nom. vulg. "Anoda." 

1. A. polyandrQmy W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 1186. 

Hab. I have not met with this in a wild state, and there is no record 
of where the herbarium specimen was found. 

2. A. Indicum, G. Don, (W.et A., Prod. i. 56, cum syn.)— c. p. 1133. 
Hab. Not uncommon. 

3. A. Aaiatictim, G. Don, (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.P. 1135. 
Hab. Not imcommon. 

4. A. i^raveolenui, W. ,et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 1134. 
Hab. Common. 

5. A. tomentosnmy W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 3529. 
Hab. Near Taugalle, Sept. 1857. 

9. WISSADULA, Medilo. 

1 . IV. peripldcifolia, Presl. — Abutilon pervplocifoUvm, G. Don ; W. 
et A. Prod. i. 55, cum syn.— c.P. 1132. 
Hab. Very common m the south of the island. 

10, SIDA, linn. 

Nom. vulg. "Babilla." 

1. S. acuta, Burm. (W. et A. Prod. L 57, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 95.)— c.P. 2760. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 



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28 ENUiiBRATiOK OF ISUrcuHocea, 

2. S. rhombifolU, Linii. (DC, Prod. i. 4/d2.)—c.T. 1131 (1130). 
Hab*. Yery abundant. 

3. S. retusa, Linn, (W. et A. Prod. i. 58, onm syn.)— c.p. 3117. 
Hab. Very common. Nom. vulg. " Kotekau-baDiUa." This is used 

as a medicine by the Cinghalese. 

4. S. alba, Linn. (W* et A., 1. o. cum '8yn.)--c.P. 3553. 
Hab. Vavenery, in the Batticaloa District. 

5. S. cordifoliay Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 259. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

6. S. MjrsorensU, Herb. Madr. (W. et A. Prod. i. 59, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 1123. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

7. S. hnmilis, Willd. (W. et A., 1. c. cum 8yn.)--c.p. 1124. 
Hab. Very abundant. 

XXIX. STEECULLACE^. 
1. ADANSONIA, Linn. 

1. A. diffitata, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 61, cum syn.)— c.p. 1141. 
Hab. Naturalized in the north of the island. 

2. SALMALIA, Sch. et End. 

1. S. WaUbarica, Sch. et End. (Walp. Rep. i. 330, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Dlust. p. 72, t. 29.)— c.p. 545. 

Hab. Common in the -vrarmer parts of the island. Nom. Vulg. 
" Xatoo-imbool-gass.'' 

3. EBIODENDBON, DC. 

1. B. oriantaley Steud. Nom. 587. — ^. af^actuosum,'bC. ; W. et A,, 
1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 400.— c.p. 1138. 

Hab. Very common, up^ to an eleyation of 2000 feet. Nom. Tulg. 
" Lnbool-gass." 

4. CULIiBMXA, Wight. 

1. O. ezcelsay Wight, Icon. PL Ind. Orient, t. 1761-2.— Dwrto Zey- 
lanieus, (Gardner, in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. viii. — cp. 734. 

Hab. Common in the Central Proviuce, at an elevation of from 2000 
to 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. ** Xattoo-bodde, Xattooherileya." 

5. HELICTEBES, Linn. 

1. H. Isoray Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 60, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 
1. 180.)— c.p. 1137. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vtdg. 
** Leeneya-gass.*' 

6. HEBITIEBA, Ait. 
1. H. Uttoralis, Ait. (W. et A. Prod. i. 63, cum syn.)— c.p. 1143. 



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Byttneriacea.'i cbylon plants. 29 

Hab. South of the island, not nncommon. Nom. vulg. ** Attoona." 

7. STBRCTJLIA, Lin. 

1. S. Balaag^has, linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 62, cum syn. ; Wight, 
niust. p. 78. t. 30.)— o.p. 1142. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, common. 

2. S. ipittata, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 62, cum syn. ; Wight's Icon. 
t. 487.)— c.p. 2723. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation. 

3. S. nrens, Eoxb. (W. et ^. Prod. i. 63, cum syn.)— c.p. 2868. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not uncommon. 

4. S. foBtida, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 1. 181 and 
364.)— c.p. 1140. 

Hab. Verv common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Telemboo. * The seeds are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

8. PTBBYGOTA, Endl. 

1. P. alato, Br. in Brown et Bennett, PI. Jav. Ear. 234.— P. Sox- 
burffhii, Sch. et Endl., Walp. Eep. v. 103. Sterculia alata, Eoxb. Cor. 
iii. p. 84. t. 287.— c.p. 2963. 

!Uab. Banks of the Mahawelliganga, at Haragam. 

9. FIBMIANA, MarsUi. 

1. P. colorata, Br. 1. c. 235, cum syn.— c.p. 2666. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

XXX. BTTTNEEIACEiE. 
1. GTJAZUMA, Plum. 

1. O. tomentosa, H.B.K. (W. et A. Prod* i. 64; Wight, Hlust. 78. 
t. 31.)— c.p. 1114. 

Hab. Jafina, Gardner, 

2. Gen. Nov. PITYRANTHE, Thw. 

Calyx urceolatus, 3-4-lobatus. JPetala 6, cequalia, subcimeiformia. 
Stamina fertilia 16, tematim cum alteris 6 sterilibus acutis spathulatis 
aequilongis altemantia ; Jilamentis liberis vel imo basi cohserentibus ; 
antkeris adnatis, loculis divaricatis. Ovarium sessile, 5-loculare, loculis 
2-ovulatis ; ovulis superpositis ; stylis 5, arete coalitis ; stigmatihus 
minutis, simplicibus. Capsula infl&ta, turbinata, ssepissime 1-sperma, 
loculicide dehiscens. 

Genus KleinhovicB affine, sed calyce urceolato, petalis sequalibus, fila- 
mentis subliberis et ovario sessili differt. 

1. P. ▼ermcosa, Thw. — JOeiwA<w»avem*ro5a,Gardn.MS. — c.p. 1144. 
Hab. Abundant in the Batticaloa District ; Jaffna and Trincomalee, 
Gardner; Putlam, A. O. Brodie, Esq. 
Arbor. Folia obovata, crenata, basi rotundata, 3-nervia, 2-6 poll, longa, 1-3 



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30 ENUMSBATIOK OF \_ByU7ieriaceiB, 

poll, lata, saperne nitida, subtus pallida, pabescentia stellari tomentosa, petiolo \-^ 
poll. loQgo. Panicula termiiiales, lepidotse. Floret circiter 1^ lin. longi. Capsula 
farfuraceee, verfacosse. Semina nigra, oblonga, 2 lin. longa, minutissime reticulata, 
pabescentia stellari pallida decidoa yestita. 

3. WAIiTHEBIA, Linn. 

1. IV. Indica, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 67, cum syn.)— c.p. 1128. 
Hab. Batticaloa, Gardner, 

4. MELOCniA, Linn. 

1. M. corchorifoliay Linn. — Siedleia corchorifblia, DC. (W. et A. 
Prod. L 66, cum syn.) — c.p. 1127. 
Hab. Very abundant. 

5. PTBROSPBBMUM, Schreb. 

1. P. snberifolimay Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 68, cum syn.) — c.p. 1136. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet, especially in the drier 
parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Velenge." The wood is useful for 
many purposes where toughness is required. 

6. KYDLA., Eoxb. 

1. K. axillaris, Thw. ; foliis integris, ovato-lanceolatis, Isevibus ; 
Jlorihus solitariis, axillaribus. — c.p. 3126. 

Hab. Near Badulla, at an elevation of about 2000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2^-4^ poll, longa, H-2 poll, jata, subtos pallidiora, bad 
rotnndata, petiolu 3-4 lin. longo. Involucelli fructiferi segmenta lineari-oblonga, 
1 poll, longa, 3-3^ lin. lata. Calyx cupuliformis, 5-dentatus, ^ poll, longns. Ova- 
rium biloculare. Fructus hispidus. 

This .species I hare only seen in fruit, and am. therefore not quite certain that it 
is a true Kydia. The axillary inflorescence and the character of the foliage gire it 
a very different aspect from that of K. calycina. The latter species has not, so far as 
I am aware, been detected vrild in Ceylon, though it most probably occurs so in the 
north of the island. 

7. Gen. Nov. JULOSTYLIS, Thw. 

Involucellum 4-phyllum, persistens. CaZya; ' 6-partitus, persistens. 
CorollcB petala 5, basi coalita, subtus ad sinus phcato-appendiculata. 
Tubus stamineus cylindricus, apice dentatus, anantnerus, medium versus 
filamentis 10, biserialibus, aequilongis, monantheriferis cinctus, basi 
corollsB adnatus. Antherce reniformes. Ovarium biloculare ; loculis 
2-ovulati8 ; ovulis coUateralibus, adscendentibus. Stylus supra medium 
bifidus. Stigmata disciformia. 

1. J. aag^uitifoUa, Thw. — Kydia angusttfolia, Am. Pug. PI. Ind. 
Orient. 4 (322).— c.p. 1146. 

Hab. South of the island, not uncommon. 

Arbor mediocris, parce ramosa. Folia 5-8 poll, longa, 1^-3 poll, lata, pnbescentia 
stellari-hirsuta, subtus pallidiora, petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Panicula terminates, 
. pendulse. Flores ^ poll. lati. Corolla cupuliformis, pallida, interne dimidio inferiore 
rufa. Stylus rersus apicem dense lanuginosns. 



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Tiliace€B,'] CEYLON PLANTS. 31 

The anthers of this species are quite those of a Malvaceous plant, but from its 
near affinity with Kydia it must remain in the same Natural Order in which that is 
located. 

XXXI. TILIACE^. 

SECT. TILIEM. 

1. COBCHOBUS, Linn. 

1. O. nrticsefolius, W. et A. Prod. i. 73, cum syn.—c.^. 2758. 
Hab. Trincomalee, Moon. 

2. O. olitorius, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1107. 
Hab: Hotter parts of the island, common. 

3. C. acntanf^us. Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wigbt, Icon. t. 
739.)— c.p. 1106. 

Hab. Same situations as the last, common. 

4. O. capsiilaiis, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 311.) 
— c.r. 1105. 

Hab. Very comanon. 

2. TBIXJMEETTA, Hum. 
Nom. vulg. "Appela.** 

1. T. pilosa, Eoth. (W. et A. Prod. i. 74, cum syn.) 

Yar. a ; capsularum echinis firmis, 2 lin. longis, prope basin parce 
pilosis, apiculo vix curvato. — c.p. 2902. 

Tar. ^; capsularum echinis debilibus, 4^ lin. longis, dense longe 
pilosis, apiculo hamato. — c.p. 730. 

Hab. Var. a. Common in cultivated ground. Var. jS. Maturatte. 

2. T. aafpilatay Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 320.) 
—c.p. 2769. 

Hab. Common everywhere. 

3. G-BEWIA, Juss. 
Nom. vulg. " Caaleya." 

1. O. orientalis, Linn. (W. et A. Prod, i, 76, cum syn.) — c.p. 1110, 
1112, 2419, and 2997. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 

2. O. colomnaris, Sm. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1111. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not uncommon. 

3. O. hininta, Yahl, (W. et A., 1. c. i. 78, cum syn.)— c.p. 3554. 
Hab. Open, grassy places in the east of the island. 

4. O. heUcterifoUa, Wall. MSS. (Walp. Eep. ii. 799.)— c.p. 1113. 
Hab. In similar situations with the last, and equally common. 

Dr. "Wight named this ** Q. rotundifolia, MSS., var. foL obliquis acuminatis.'* It 
differs from the description of G. helicterifolia in the peduncles being commonly 
mnch longer than the petioles. 

. 5. G. diplocarpay Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, crenato- 
serratis, 3-nerviis,^ sublsevibus ; fimctihus parce strigosis, bipartitis, 
segmentis bilobis. — c.p. 2568. 



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32 ENUMiBATioN OP llHHctcetB, 

Hab. Maturatte and Oova, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. 

Folia 3-4 pojl. longa, li-lf lata, juniora parce ^'rsnta, petiolo 4-5 lin. longo, 
hirsuto. Stipula panrse, lanceolatse, hirsutse. FeduncuH solitarii, axillares, petiolis 
seqniloDgi, 3-flo^. Bracteoli parvi. Sepala linearia, extus cinereo-tonientosa, 
petalis lanceolatis acutis plus qnam dupio longiora. 'Stigma diktatum, 4-lobatnin. 

6. a. tUieefoUa, Vahl, (W. et A. Prod. i. 80, cum syn.)— c.p. 621. 
Hab. Waanner parts of the island, common. 

7. Q. Microcos, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 81, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ulust. 81. t. 33.)— c.p. 1109. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 3000'feet. 

4. BERBYA, Eoxb. 

1. B. Ammonilla, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, lUust. 82. 
t. 34.)— c.p. 1108. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Hal-mililla." 
The wood of this fine tree is very valuable for buildix^ and other 
purposes. 

SECT. BLEOCARPEJE. 

6. ELJEOCABFUS, Linn. 

Nom. vulg. "Weraloo, Gal-weraloo." 

1. B. serratvui, Linn. (Fl. ZeyL 206 ; Burm. Th. Zeyl. t. 40.)— 
c.p. 539 (554, 1115). 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Stamina 30-35, omnia ad valvse exterioris apicem setis 3-4 longis rigidis paten- 
tibns instructa. ' Drupa oblonga.- 

The fleshy exterior of the drapes of this and the following species are eaten by the 
Cinghalese. 

2. B. obovatu«, Arn. Pug. PI. Ind. Or. 5 (323).—^. coriaceus, 
Hook. Ic. Plant, v. 2. t. 154.— c.p. 316. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other elevated parts of the island, at an ele- 
vation of from 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Drupa sphffirica, putamine ragoloso-tnbercnlato. 

3. B. montanusy Thw. ; j^oliis ovatis vel rotundatis, obtusis, denti- 
culatis, parce hirsutis (junioribus subtus tomentosis), ve?ds primariia 
ad axillas ramificationes divaricatasque conspicue glanduliferis ; awtheris 
nudis.j drupis sphsericis. — c.p. 624 (630,. 642). 

Hab. Li similar localities with the last. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 2-3^ poll, longa, petiolo ^-1 poll, longo. Bacemi 
axillares, foliis sequilongi, tomentosi. 

4. B. amoenus, Thw. ; foliis Isevibus, lanceolatis vel ovato-lanceo- 
latis, brevi-acuminatis, obtusis, crenato-serratis, denticulatis, subtus ad 
nervarum primariarum axiUas glanduliferis; antheris nudis; drupis 
sphsericis.— c.p. 2587 and 2651 (? c.p. 2524). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Gemma pilosse. Folia 2-4 poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, petiolo 
4-8 lin. longo. Bacemi nnmerosi, parce pilosi, e foliorum delapsoram axiliis, foliis' 
breviores. 

Some specimens (c.p. 2524) in the herbarium are somewhat different in appear- 



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Dipterocarpea,} ceylon plants. 88 

ance, but they are not soffidently perfect to enable ine to determiDe whether they 
are really distinct from or are a mere state of the present species. 

5. B. snbvillosusy Am. Pug. 5 (323). — ^. pubescens. Hooker, Ic. 
PI. ii. t. 155. JE. integr\foliu9. Moon's Cat. — c.p* 704. 
Hab. Safiragam District, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Drupa oblonga, pntamine taberculato, agice acnto. 

6. MONOCBBA, Jack. 

1. M. ^UadnUllera, Hook. (Wi^t, Illust. p. 84.)-^.P. 675 (2476). 
Hab. Central Province ; not uiicommon, at an elevation of from 4000 

to 6000 feet. ^ 

2. M. -Walkeri, Wight, 1. c— P M. Ceylanica, Am. Pug. p. 5 (323). 
— c.p. 8 and 166 (172, 421). 

Hab. Saffi*agam District, not very common, at an elevation of about 
5000 feet. 

1 suspect this must be Dr. Amott's M. Cej/lanica, which, having been de- 
scribed, as he states, from a single specimen, may not indicate the typical cha- 
racter of the species. 



XXXII. DIPTEROCAEPEiE. 
1. DIPTEBOCABPUS, Gartner. 

1. D. Zeylaaiciis, Thw. ; foliis magnis, ovatis vel oblongis, brevi- 
acuminatis, glabris, petiole longo costaque leprosis ; gemmis villosis ; 
cahicis fructiferi tubo urceolato, 5-co8tato. — c.p. 1921. 

Hab. Abundant, up to an* elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
** Hora-gasB." 

Jrlor ingens. Baeemi axillares, solitarii, prope basin bifidi, 6-12-flori, ad ramu- 
lorum apices aggregati, leprosi. Fedieelli tubo calycis campannlato paulo brevioret. 

The fruit of this species closely resembles Gsertuer's L. cottatus (De Froct. 
tab. 187) as regards the size and form of the segments of the enlarged calyx, but 
differs from it essentially in the constriction beneath these. From L. lavis, Hamilton, 
the only other species with which it can be confounded, its costate or angled fruit 
would seem sufficiently to distinguish it. 

A gum-resin and wood-oil are^obtained from this and the species foUowing. 

2. D. hUpiduSy Thw. ; foliig maximis, oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, 
subcordatis, supeme ad costam et subtus peiioloqxie pilis rigidis fasci- 
culatis patentibus Ijirsutis ; calycis fructtferi tuBo sphsBrico vel sub- 
pyriformi, peaicellato, leproso, apice 5-angulo, contracto. — c.p. 2903. 
(c.p. 3405 in parte.) 

Hab. Safiragam IHstrict, at no great elevation. Nom. vulg. " Boo- 
hora-gass." 

This species is well distinguished by its large hispid leaves, one of which in 
my collection, from a yoimg tree, is 19 inches long and 9 inches wide, with a 
petiole 2i inches long. The enlarged calyX'lobes are 6-7 inches long. 

3. D. oblong^ifolius, Thw. ; foliis oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, basi 
rotundatis, supeme ad costaon et subtus ad costam venas primariasque 
hirsutis ; ramis junioribus, gemmis petioliscme pilis ri^dis nitentibus 
subpatentibus hispidis; racemis supra-axillanbus, soUtariis, simplicibus, 

F 



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34 ENUMEBATION OF [Dl^/CTOOa/^e^P. 

2-4-floris, his^ido-leprosis ; calyce incano-leproBO, 5-angiilato, in pedi^ 
cello brevi desinente. — c.p. 3405. 

Hab. Near Eatnapoora, April, 1856. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 5-7 poll, longa, 2^-4 poll, lata, peiiolo 1-2 poll, longo. 

4. D. scabridosy Thw. ; foliis lineari-oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, basi 
pai'ce angustatis, supeme glabris, subtus pubescentia stellari sparsa 
"scabridis, costa subtus petioloc^e pilis ngidis adpressis' hirsutis ; 
calycis fructiferi tubo parce leproso, subspbaerico, angulis 5 singulis in 
membranam undulatam pedicello brevi attingentem productis.-r-c.p. 
2692. (c.p. 3406, in parte.) 

Hab. Near Eatnapoora, September, 1855. 

Arbor ingens. Folia circiter 7 poll, longa, 2i lata, petiolo f poll, longo. Calycis 
fructiferi laciniffi mijores 3^-4^ poll, longse, f-1 poU. latse. 

The adpressed pabescence and the shape of the leaves distingnish this species. 

5. D. i^landulosiui, Thw. ; foliis ovatis, acuminatis, basi rotundatis, 
supeme laeyibus, costa venisque primariis hirsutis, subtus pilis minutis 
coloratis conspersis ; ramie junioribus, gemmis petiolisqae piloso- 
leprosis ; racemie axillaribus, solitariis, 2-3-floris, leprosis ; calyce 
5-angulato, in pedioello brevi desinente, leproso ; calycis fructiferi 
tubo subsphffirico, angulis in membranam medio latissimam pedicello . 
tenui scepissime non attingentem productis. — c.p. 2590. 

Hab. Sa^&acam and Ambagamowa Districts, at no great elevation. 
Nom. vulg. " Dorana-gass." 

Arbor ingens. Folia 4-6 poll, longa, 2-2i poll, lata, petiolo 6-8 lin. longo. 
Calycis fructiferi lacinise majores 3-4 poU. longce, 7-8 lin. latse. 

This species is easily recognized by the glandular pubescence on the ufider side 
of its leaves, which is at fin^ pale-yellow, then red, and in the old leaves nearly 
blackt 

6. D. insic^nisy Thw. ; foliis ovatis, acuminatis, Isevibus, basi rotun- 
datis, subtus costa venisque primariis hirsutis ; ramis juniorihus, 
gemmis petiolisqae pubescentibus ; racemis supra-axillaribus, solitariis, 
3-5-floris, basi pubescentibus, apicem versus IcBvibus ; pedicellis sub- 
nullis ; calyce 5-angulato, angulis per totam longitudmem late mem- 
branaceo-alatis. — c.p. 346i^ 

Hab. SafBragam I)i6trict, April, 1855. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 4^6 J poU. longa, 2-2i poll, lata, petiolo 7-9 lin. longo. 
This species is easily distinguishable from the others by its smooth, longitudinally 
5 -bordered calyx, subsessile upon the rachis of the raceme. 
J). turbinatuSy Kozb., cultivated in Ceylon, is c.p. 2398. 



2. DOONA, Thw. 
Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. iv. (1852) p. 7. 

Stamina 15, biserialia. JEmhryo cotyledonibus foliaceis valde inse- 
qualibus ; harum maxima inter stratum oleoso-albuminosum contorto- 
convoluta, in germinatione inclusa ; altera brevissima, in germinatione 
saepe emergente. 

1. D. Zeylaidca, Thw. 1. c. vol. iii. 1. 12 1 foliis lanceolatis vel ovato- 
lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi angustatis, venis inconspicuis ; jp&(2»ceZ^»« 
calyce longioribus. — c.p. 2423, 



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DipteroearpepB.I ceylon plants, 35 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Doon-gass.** 

A large quantity of colourless gom-resin exudes from the trunk and branches of 
this fine tr^, which, when dissolved in spirits of wine or turpentine, makes an excel- 
lent varnish. 

2. 1>. affims^ Thw. ; foliis lanceolatia vel lineari-lanceolatis, longe 
acuminatis, basi rptimdatis, venis subinconspicuis ; pedicellis calyce 
longioribns.— c.p. 3409.' 

Hab. Between Eatnapoora and Galle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 2-8 poU. longa (acumine 4 lin. longo), 9-11 lin. lata, 
peiiolo circiter 4 lin. longo. 

Closelj allied to the preceding, but the leave» are larger and differently shaped, 
and the petioles much stonter. 

3. D. nenrosa, Thw. ; foliis ovatis, ovato-lanceolatis vel lanceolatis, 
longe aciiminatis, opacis, venis venulisque prominulis, basi rotondatis ; 
pedicellis calyce subs&qnilongis ; cahfcis fructiferi laciniis majoribus 
spathnlatO-dilatatis.-^o.p. 3410. 

Hab. Eknalagodde, near Eatnapoora, April, 1855. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 8-4 poU. longa (acumine \ poU. longo), li-lf lata. 

4. D. trapeidfolU^ Thw. ; foliis trapezoideo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
basi rotundatis, supeme minute reticmatis, subtus venis inconspicuis ; 
pedicellis calyce seqoilongis ; calycis fructyferi laciniis majoribus spa- 
thulato-linearibus. — c.p. 3341. 

Hab. Central and southern parts of the island, up to an elevation 
of 1500 feet ; a common forest tree. Nom. vulg. " Tuccahaaloo- 



Arbor ingens. Folia 2^8^ poU. longa (acumine circiter 8 lin. longo), 9-14 lin. 
lata, peiiolo 4 lin. longo. 

5. D. eongrestiflox^, Thw. ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi 
rotundatis vel subcordatis ; jp^hus ad apices panicularum congestis ; 
pedicellis brevissimis.— C.P. 3411. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Fasdoon Corles, April, 1855. Nom. vulg. 
" Tinneya-gass." 

Arbor ingens. Folia 8|-5 poU. longa, 1^2 poU. lata, petiolo 4-5 lin. longo. 

This fine species is characterized by its numerous shortly-stalked flowers collected 
towards the ends of the panicles. The fruit, with its enlarged calyx, closely resembles 
that of the preceding and following species. 

6. D. Oardneiiy Thw. i foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
basi rotimdatis, longe petiolatis ; Jlorihus cemuis, pedicellis calyce bre- 
vioribus. — c.p. 1919. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation, of from 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Arbor ingens. Folia 2-3 pdl. longa, 1^-1} lata, petiolo 6-7 lin. longo. 
A very distinct and beautiful species. 

7. D. cordifolia, Thw. ; fbliis oblongis, abrupte acuminatis, cordatis, 
subtus nitidis, venis venulisque prominentibus. — c.p. 3340. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle and Ambagamowa, at no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. "Bairaleya." 

Arbor ingens. 'Folia 3-4 poll, longa (acumine circiter \ poll, longo), 1^-2^ poU. 
lat^ petiolo 3-B lin. longo. 

I have not yet been able to obtain the flowers of this species, which is said 
to produce them only once in three years. Some seeds which were given to me 



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36 ENUMBBATiOK OF [IHjpterocarpeiB, 

were unfortanately all sown, and none reserved forthe herbarium. The Cinghalese 
eat the ripe seeds after toasting or frying them. 

3. SHOBEA, Eozb. 

1. S. oblong^lia, Thw. ; foliis lineari-oblongis, abrapte acuminatis, 
basi truncato-rotundatis vel cordatis ; ramis paniculce secundifloris. — 
c.p. 3005. 

Hab. Saffragam and other districts in the south of the island, at no 
great elevation. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 4-6 poll, longa, lf-2^ poll, lata, petiolo 6-8 lin. longo. 
Hamuli juniores petioliqu^j cum jMniculis supra-axiUaribus, minute stellato-incani. 
Pedicelli brevissimi. Flores flavi, odorati, dorso strigosi. Calyx fruciiferm minute 
tomentosns, laciliiis sursum dilatatis. FructtLS tomentoso-incanus. 

This is evidently <5loselyalHed to, if it be not a variety of, Vatica Tumbu^aia, 
W. and A., Wight, Icon. tab. 27, with which it would seem to correspond very nearly 
in the inflorescence and in the structure of the fruit, but the leaves are much longer 
compared with their width. 

2. S.? stipularis, Thw. ; foliis oblongs, brevi-acnminatis, basi ro- 
tundatis vel subcordatis, longe petiolatis, Isevibus ; stipulis magnis, 
ovatis, subobliquis, striatis, diu persistentibus. — c.p. 3408. 

Hab. Between Eatnapoora and Galle, at no grea^ elevation: 

^Arbor ingens, ramulis teretibus. Folia 4-6 poll, longa, 2-4 poll, lata, petiolo 
12-14 lin. longo. Stipula 6-11 lin. longse, 4-7 lin. latse. Calycis fructiferi lacinise 
sursum dilatatse ; tres msgores 5-5^ poll, longee, l\ poll, latse, ll-14-costat8e ; duae 
minores 3|-4 poll, longse, 6-6 lin. latse, 6-8-co8tat8e. Fructus subsphsericus, apice 
conico acuto. ^ 

I have not seen the flowers, nor have I been able ta ascertain the character 
of the inflorescenee of this fine species, but, judging from the structure of the 
fruit, it must be very nearly allied to this genus. The large size and persistence of 
the stipules form a very striking character. ' 

In the herbarium fire specimens of the folit^e of what appears to be another species 
of Shorea (c.p. 3407), but the description must be deferred until better materials 
can be collected. 

4. HOPBA, Eoxb. 

1. H. discolor, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, longe acuminatis, basi ro- 
tundatis, s;)ipeme Isevibus, ad' costam venasque primarias canaliculatis, 
subtus brunneo-leprosis ; panictdis axillaribus, ramis secundifloris ; pe- 
dicellis brevissimis. — c.p. 3126. 

Hab. SafEragam and Ambagamowa Districts, at no great eleva- 
tion. 

Arbor ingens, ramulis teretibus, nigro-rufis, leprosis. Folia 2^-8^ poll, longa 
(acumine circiter i poll, longo), 8-13 lin. lata, petiolo 4-5 lin. longo. Fanicula 
solitarise vel 2-8-fa8ciculat8e, foliis multo breviores, rufescentes, parce leprosse. 
Flores flavo-rufescentes, odoratissimi. Calycis frucHferi laciniee mijores spathulatee, 
7>\ poll, longse. Fructus subconicus, Isevis. 

The rich brown colour of the under side of the leaves well distinguishes this beau- 
tiful species. 

5. yATERIA, Linn. 
Stamina numerosa, indefinita, multiserialia, apice bifida. 



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D^terocarpeo.] csTLpN plahts. 37 

1. V. Indica, lajrn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 83, cum gyn. ; Wight, HI. 
t. 36 ; Gsertner, De Fruct. iii. 63. t. 189.)— c.p. 1018. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island^ up to an elevation 
of 2000 feet. Nom. wis. "Hal-gass." A gum-resin exudes in consi- 
derable quantity from this handsome tree, and is much used by the 
Cinghalese for burning during some of their superstitious ceremonies. 

Arhor ingens, truncp Isevi. Bamuli teretes, Juniores stellato-farfaracei. Folia 
oblonga vel lineari-oblonga, apicolata, basi ccurdata, 6-18 poll, longa, 3-6 poU. lata ; 
petiolo tereti, 1^-2^ poll. loDgo, apice incrassato. Stipula lineari-lanceolatae, dorso 
furfuracese, decidase, circiter 1 poll, longse. Fanicula ad apices ramorum, foliis 
sobseqailongee, flocouloso-furfnracese, paUide-ochracese, multiflorse. Flores brevi- 
pedicdlati, bibracteolati. Bracteola ovatte, acutse, 4 lin. longse. Stamina nome- 
rosa, filamentis brevissimis, basi coalitis ; antherii introrsis, longitudinaliter dehis- 
. .ceniibus, basi bi-auricnlatis, loculis ad apicem divergentibas, acutis. Fructui 4 poll, 
longi, 2i-3 poll. lati. 

Blame, in his Mus. Bot. Lngd. Bat. ii. 29, makes two species of the Linnsan 
Valeria Indica, reserving this name for the Ceylon plant, and calling the Peninsolar 
one F. Malabarica. I have no means of determining whether this view is correct, 
but in order to assist in clearing the matter of donbt, I have given above a pretty full 
description of the Ceylon plant. 

The figure of this species in Dr. Wight's lUust. tab. 36 is not saiisfifictory. 
Gscrtner's figure of the fruit is very characteristic, though it is rather smaller than 
ordinary specimens. ^ 

6. ISATTXIS, Am. 

Stamina 15, biserialia. Calyx fnncttfer multum auotus. 

1. I. Roxbm-ffliiaaa, Wight, Ulust. p. 88 ; Icon. PL Ind. Or. t. 26. 
—c.p. 3416. 

Hab. South of the island, at no g^eat elevation. Nom. vulg. " Man- 
dora-gass." This tree yields a considerable quantity of gum-resin. 

Anthera planee, obtusee, connectivo in apiculnm brevem producto. Calyx fructifer 
basi depressus, laciniis 5-nervii8. Fructus 3-8ulcatus, apice depresso. 

I have little doubt of thid being Dr. Wight's plant, though there is a slight dis- 
crepancy between my specimens and the figure in the ' Icones ;' but this is moat 
likely due to a little want of accuracy on the part of the draftsman. 

7. STEMONOPORUS, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. vi. (1854) p. 67. 

Stamina 15, biserialia, aw^Acrw apice per laterum involutionem tubu- 
latis. Calyx fructtfer non auctus. 

Sect. 1. — Inflorescentia paniculata. 

1. S. IXTi^Iitii, Thw. ; foliis oblongis vel lineari-oblongis, apiculatis, 
basi rotundatis vel subcuneatis, subtus scabridis, longe petiolatis ; an- 
theris brevi-apiculatis. — S. macrophyllus, Thw. MSS. in Herb. Hook. 
? Vateria Cevlanica, Wight, Illust. p. 88.— c.p. 3415. 

Hab. In forests between Guile and Eatnz^Oora, and at PalmadooUa, 
near the latter place. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 5-12 poll, longa, 3-6 poll, lata, venis primariis circiter 20, 
■petiolo 1^-3 poll, longo. Fanicula foliis multo l)reviore8. 



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38 * BNUMBBATION OF [Dipterocarpe<B, 

2. S. Qardneri, Thw. 1. c. tab. 2 ^. ; foliis ovato-iumminatis, basi ro- 
tundatis vel subcordatis. — c.p. 1920. 

Hab. Bambodde, Gardner; near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 
about 5000 feet. 

Jrdor magaiL Folia 3-5 poll, longa, li-2i poll, lata, vents primariU circiter 
10, ^iiolo i~l poll, longo. Panieula nnmerossB ad apices ramuloram. 

Sect. 2. — FlorihtLs paucis, racemosis pel solitarits; pedunctUis 
pedicelUsque brevibus, 

3. S. affinis^ Thw. 1. c. ; foliis ovato-oblongis, acmninatis, basi ro- 
tondatis -^edunculis saepissime 1-floris.— c.p. 2430. 

Hab. Hnnasgiria District, at an elevation of about 4000 feet. 
Jfbor magua. Folia 8-4^ poll, longa (acumiDe circiter i poll, longo), 1^-2^ poD.. 
lata, venis primariis circiter 8, petiolo 6-8 lin. longo. 

4. S. lanceolatos, Thw. 1. c. ; foliis lanceolatis vel oblongp-lanceo- 
latis, acuminatis, basi cuneatis, supeme glabns, venis prominentibus 
reticulatis, subtus scabridis ; pedtmculis ssepissime 1-floris.— c.p. 2658. 

Hab. Near Eatnapoora, at no great elevation. 

Jrbor parva. Folia 4i-8i poU. longa (acnmine 4-8 lin. longo), li-3 poll, lata, 
venis primariis circiter 8, petiolo 5-7 Im. longo. 

5. II. canalienlatiiSy Thw. ; foliis oblongis, lanceolatis vel * lineari- 
lanceolatis, plus minus abrupte acuminatis, basi rotundatis vel subcu- 
neatis, supeme ad costam canaliculatis, subtus scabridis kevibusve ; 
pedtmculis ssepissime 1-floris. — c.p. 3413. 

Hab. Hiniaoon and Beigam Corles, at no great elevation. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 4-6 poll, longa (acumine circiter i poll, longo), 14-2^ 
lata, venis primariis circiter 12, petiolo {-li poll, longo, apicem versus incrassato. 
Fructus li poll, in diam. 

TMs bears considerable resemblance to the species preceding and following it, but 
its canaliculated leaves distinguish it from both. 

6. S. petiolarisy Thw. ; foliis lineari-oblongis, abrupte acuminatis, 
basi rotundatis vel subcuneatis, supeme kevibus, subtus scabridis 
IsBvibusve, longe petiolatis ; pedimculis 1-3-floris. — c.p. 3151. 

Hab. £ittool Galle, at no great elevation. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 6-10 poU. longa (acumine i-J poll, longo), 2-2J- poll, 
lata, venis primariis circiter \2, petiolo 1-3 poll, longo, apicem versus incrassato. 

7. S. rigidna, Thw. 1. c. ; foliis rigidissimis, scabridis, oblongis, apice 
rotundatis vel ^ubapiculatis, basi cuneatis vel cuneato-rotundatis ; pC' 
dunculis scepissime l-floris. — c.p. 2646. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. 
Jrbor maena. Folia 8i-5i poll, longa, 1^-2^ lata, venis primariis circiter 9, 
petiolo 6-8 Un. longo. 

8. S. oblonsifolina, Thw. 1. c. ; foliis lavibus, oblongis, subacumi- 
natis, obtusis, basi rotundatis ; pedunculis 1-4-floris. — c.p. 2646. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of about'4000 feet. 
Jrbor magna. Folia 4-6i poll, longa, lf-2i lata, venis primariis circiter 8, 
petiolo 4-6 lin. longo. 

9. S. reticulatusy Thw. ; foliis oblongis vel oblongo-lanceolatis, longe 
acuminatis, basi rotundatis, supeme mtidis, subtus opacis inter venas 
primarias reticulato- nee parallelo-venosis, longe petiolatis ; pedunculis 
saepissime 1-floris. — c.p. 3414. 



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Dipterocarpea.'] cetlon i»lant8. ' • ^9 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle, at an elevation of about 1000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2^-5 poll. loDga (acumine ^-1 poll, longo), 1^-24 lata, 
vents primariis circiter 8, peiiolo 7-15 lin. longo. Fructtu rotundatus, apice parce 
.acnminatus, \\ poll, in diam. 

10. S. nitidusy Thw. ; foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, acmninatis, 
basi rotondatis vel subcuneatis, utrinmie nitidis, subtus reticnlatis ; 
pedunculis 1-floris. — 8. Ituddus, Thw. MSS. in Herb. Hook. — c.p. 3483.- 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. 

Jrbor mediocris. Foiia 2^-8^ poll. loDga (acumine 3-6 lin. longo), 8-13 liu. 
lata, venis primariis circiter 6,petiolo 3-4 lin. longo. 
Closely allied to but perfectly distinct from the preceding. 

11. 8. ? Moonii, Thw. ; foliis angoste lanceolatis, basi cuneatis, sn- 
peme lavibns, subtus ad costam venas primarias^ue, cum pftiolo tereti, 
pilosis; stipulis longis, Uneari-lanceolatis, rigidis, persistentibus ; pe- 
dunculis l-floris, in foliorum delapsorum axulis inter stipulas persis- 
tentes.— C.P. 1792. 

Hab. MaturatteP, Moon, 

Folia 6-10 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, peiiolo circiter 1 poll, longo. Stipula 8-10 
lin. longse. 

This interesting spedes is so unlike in general appearance those that precede it in 
this genus, that it was ^th some surprise I found, upon an analysis of an unopened 
flower, that it corresponded with them in the number, structure, and arrangement of 
the stamens, and in the external characters of the ovary and style. There are only 
two indifferent specimens in the herbarium, and one of these without flowers, col- . 
lected by Mr. Moon many years ago, so that I have not materials for such a critical 
examination of the plant as would be desirable. 

8. MONOFOBAKDBA, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. vi. (1864) p. 69. 

Stamina 5, antheris apice per laterum involutionem tubulatis. Ova- 
rium 2-loculare. 

1. M. cordifolU, Thw. 1. c. ; foliis ovatis vel oblong, longe acumi- 
natis, basi cordatis vel rotundatis, supeme costa et ssepissime venis pri- 
manis depressis, subtus venis secundariis parallelis ; pa/niculis multi- 
floris.— c.p. 2647. 

£[ab. Ambagamowa and SaSragam Districts, at an elevation of about 
3000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris, ramosissima. Folia 2-4^ poll, longa (acumine i-1 poll, longo), 
l-2i poll, lata, petiolo 4-11 lin. longo. 

2. M. elepans, Thw. I.e.; foliis ovatis vel oblongis, longe acuminatis, 
basi rotundatis, supeme ad costam depressis, venis prominentibus, sub- 
tus inter venas pnmarias reticulato-venosis ; pedunculis paucifloris. — 
C.P. 371. 

Hab. SafEragam District, at an elevation of about 2000 feet. 
Jrbor mediocris, ramosissima. Folia li-2i poU. longa (acumine 4-6 lin. longo), 
6^10 lin. lata, petiolo 2-5 lin. longo._ 

3. W. lancifdlU, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, valde acuminatis, basi ro- 
tundatis, supeme costa venisque prominentibus ; pedunculis paucifloris. 
— C.P. 3412. 

Hab. Hellessee, in the Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. April, 
1855. 



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40 * ENUMEBATioK OF lTemstrcBmiac€iB. 

Arbor parva» ramosissima. Folia 2i-3i poll, longa (acamine 4-8 lin. longo), 
7-11 lin. lata, petiolo 3-4 lin. longo. 

XXXIJI. TEElSrSTECEMIACEJE. 

1. CLEYBRA, Thunb. 

1; O. eymnantliera, W. et A. Prod. i. p. 87.-;C.p. 778 (779). 

Has. Common in forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 feet and upwards. 

2. O. emarsinata, Gard. in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 447. 
— c.p. 782. 

Hab. Not uncommon near Adam's Peak and other more elevated 
parts of the island. 

Frutex glaber, lO-lG-pedalis. Bamuli teretes. Folia coriacea, spathulata, apicem 
versus crenato-serrata, emarginata, subtns pallidiora, 1^-2^ poll, longa, 9-15 lin. 
lata. Fedunculi axillares, solitarii, l-flori, circiter 8 lin. longi. Floras flavido- 
purpnrascentes, cemai, bracteolis 2 minutis sufTulti. Fetala sepalis duplo longiora, 
circiter 4 lin. longa. Stamina numerosa, glabra, filamentis brevibus, planis ; 
antkerarum introrsarom locnlis linearibos, connectivo lato, flkmento continuo, apice 
pr()ducto separatis. Ovarium glabrum, biloculare ; loculis 1-ovulatis ; itylo brevi, 
bifido ; stigmatibus 2, dilatatis, lobalatis. Fructus conicns, 2-spermas. 

I have examined a great many specimens pf this plant, and have invariably found 

two minute bracteolse below each flower, and the loculi of thQ ovary one-ovuled. 

' The leaves must be considered sessile, since the lamina is continued to their very 

base, though it forms but a narrow border to each side of the costa in the lower part. 

2. GOHPONIA, Ellis. 

1. a. Zeylanica, Wight, lllust. i. p. 99. 

Var. a. lanceolata; ramulis pilosis, foliis lanceblatis vel oblongo- 
lanceolatis. — c.p. 788. 

Var. jS. elliptica; ramulis laevibus vel sublsBvibus, foliis latioribus. 
— G^. elliptica^ Gard. 1. c. vol. vii. p. 448. — c.p. 2417. 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 
7000 feet. 

This species, according to the situation in which it occurs, varies very much in 
thb size of the flowers and size and shape of the leaves. In exposed places where 
the soil is poor, the var. a is found, whilst In more sheltered localities and richer 
soil the plant is much more luxuriant, and puts on the form of var. iS. In a series 
of specimens the two forms may be seen to pass imperceptibly into each other. 

2, Q. speciosa, Thw. — Carria speciosa, Gardn. 1. c. vol. vii. p. 7. — 
c.p. 2403. . 

Hab. Eather uncommon ; in damp forests of the Central Province, at 
an elevation of 6000 feet and upwards. 

Arbor magna, 40-50-pedalis. Famuli teretes, glabri. Folia integra, sessilia, 
coriacea, glabra, elliptica vel ovata, retusa, 3-4^ poll, longa, 1^2f.poll. lata. Flores 
magni, axillares, sessiles vel brevi-pedunculati; petalis cordatis, sanguineo-purpureis, 
1^2 poll, longis. 

I regret being obliged to include in the genus Gordonia this fine species, which 
Dr. Ck^dner dedicated, under the generic name of Carriay to the late excellent Sir 
Wm. Carr ; but I find that the characters upon which he based his generic distinctive 
diagnosis are common to the other Ceylon species of Gordonia.. The structure of 
the anthers is the same in both, and the analysis of the seed of Gordonia Zeylanica 



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!Per7utr€emi<u!€(s.'] cbylok plants. ^ 41 

corresponds with that which he gives of Carria speeioia, the cotyledons being per- 
fectly flat, and not plaited. 

3. SABOSANTfEEBA, Korthals. 

1. 8. UuuopetaU, Tkw.—Cle^fera lasiopetalaj Wight, HI. i.* p. 99. 
JStirya lasiopetala, Grardner, 1. o. vol. vii. p. 446.— ^.p. 775 (776, 783). 

TTab. Common in the forests of tKe C^tral Province, at an elevation 
of 6000 feet and upwards. 

Arbor mediocris. Bamuli teretes, minute strigosi. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, 
obtnsa vd sabacuminata, retosa, margine revoluta, minute denticnlata, supeme 
glabra, snbtns minute et parce strigosa, 24-4 poll, longa, |— 1 poll. lat«. Pedunculi 
axillares, solitarii, 1-flori, cemoi, circiter 8 lin. lougi, apice incrassati. Flores her- 
maphroditi, 6-8 lin. in diam., ezteme sericeo-strigosi ; petalis albidis. Frudut 
globosns, camosus nee pulposus, circiter 6 lin. in diam. 

This description is tidcen principally from \ht one published by Dr. Gardner. 

4. EXJBTA, Thunb. 

1. S. Japonica, Thunb. M. Jap. p. 191, t. 25. 

Var. a. Thunheraii; i^imulis teretibus, glabris. — E. Japonica, DC. 
Prod. i. 525. E. etlvptica, Gardner, 1. c. vol. vii. p. 443. — c.p. 777 (787). 

Vdr. j8. acuminata; raemnlis teretibus, pilosis. — E, ocumiTidta, DC. 
Prod. i. 625. E, memhranacea, Gard. 1. c. vol. vii. p. 444. — c.p. 1078 
(785», 786). .^ 

Var.'Vi ChiTiends; ra^ulis angulosis, pilosis. — E, Ckinensis, "R. Br. 
AbeFs Voy. App. p. 379 ; DC. 1. c. ; Bentnam in Hook. Kew Joum. of 
Bot. vol. iii. (1851) p. 307.' E, Ceylanica, Wight, HI. i. 98; Gardner, 
1. c. vol. vii. p. 444. — c.p. 2600. 

Var. d. parvtfblia ; ramutis angulosis, pilosis ; foliia minoribus, 
pallidis. — E, pa/rvifolia, Gtffdner, 1. c. vol. vii. p. 445. — c.:?. 784. 

Hab. Yars. a, jS, and b in the more elevated parts of the island, up* 
to 8000 feet; d in exposed situations; var. fi from a little above the 
sea-level, up to an elevation of 5000 feet, very abundant. Nom. vulg. 
" I^eyadasse-gass." 

It is only after a very careful and long-continued study of these plants that I 
have ventured to unite them as forms of one variable species. I have been quite 
unable to discover, in those parts where other botanists have thought they existed, 
any definite difi^nce of structure sufficient to constitute a distinction of species. 
The number of the 'stamens and apparent length of the style vary in the same variety 
just as much as betweea the so-called species, and it seems to me quite impossible 
to draw a clear line of distinction between the several varieties, since specimens are 
to be met with combining them all by intermediate links. 

Cochlospermum Gossypiuni^ DC, is not found in a wild state in the island, but 
only, as I&. Gardner has remarked, in the vicinity of temples. 

XXXIV. OLACACEJE. 

TRIBE OFILEJB, 

1. OPIIiIA, Eoxb. 

1. O. amentacea, Eoxb. Corom. PI. t. 158 ; Wight, Ulust. p. 103, 
t. 40.^c.p. 2916 (1147). 

Hab. Hot^^ drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. 



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42 ENUMBBAtioN OF lOlocacea. 

TRIBE OLJCJS^. 
2. OIiAX, lin. 

1. O*. Zeylai^ea, Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 88, cum syn.)— c.p. 1214. 
Hab. Southern part of the island ; abundant. Nom. vulg. " Malla/' 

The Cinghalese eat the leaves of this plant in their curries. 

2. O. scandens^ Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. o. p. 89, cum syn.)— c.p. 1216. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. O. 'Vmefhtiana, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— <3.p. 1215. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

3. STBOMBOSIA, Blume. 

1. a JaTanica, Bl. Bijdr. p. 1164; Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. p. 251, 
t. 47. — 8. Ceylanica, Gardner, in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vi. 
p. 350.— c.p. 1237. 

Hjlb. In forests of the Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

Blame's figure and description leave no room for doubt that this is his plant. ^ 

TRIBE ICACINEJS, 
4. BUBSINOPBTALUM, Wight, Icones, 966. 

1. B. arboreum, Wight, 1. c. Var. macrophyllum, — c.p. 637, 2440. 
Hab. Forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000. to 

7000 feet. 

Arbor ingens. Folia ovato-oblouga, acuminata, 4-9 poll, longa, 1^4 poll, lata, 
pettolo 1-2 poll, longo. 

I can discover no character to distinguish this from Dr. Wight's plant but the 
larger size of the leaves, and do not venture to separate it on that account only. A. 
comparison with authentic specimens of Br. Wight's B, arboreum may possibly 
prove this to be distinct from it, and in that case it might be called B. macrophyllum, 

2. B. tetrandrum, Wight, MSS. ; jfhliis oblongis vel ovato-oblongis, 
florihis tetrameris. 

Var. a-; foliis longe acuminatis. — c.p. 2441. 

Var. i3; foliis minoribus, apice rotundatis vel abrupte et brevi- 
acuminatis. — c.p. 2642. 

Jrbor ingens. Folia %-4t poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, petiolo 4-8 lin. longo. 

Distinguished most readily from the preceding by its smaller, tetramerous 
flowers; the leaves, also, are not nearly so large, and the ripe fruit is more 
cylindrical in form, and smaller. 

6. APODYTES, E. Mey. 

1. A. Qardneria&a, Miers, Ann. and Mag. of I^at. Hist. ser. 2. 
vol. ii. p. 389.— c.p. 204 (496, 1218, 1219). 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of from 6000 
to 7000 feet ; not uncommon. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2-4 poll^ longa, \-% poll, lata, petiolo 3-6 Un. longo. 



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Ohtcaeea,'] cbtlon PLiiirTS. 43 

I hfiTe not had- an opportanity of ooraparing this with A. Benthamiana, 
Wight, Icon.^t. 1163, which is described as having larger flowers than those of 
this species. The C^ton phmt invariably tnms blackish in drying. 

6. MAPPIA,*Jacq. 

1. M. fistlda, Miers, 1. c. p. 395. — M, ovata, Miera, L c. p. 396. 
Stemonv/rus 7 fcBtid/iiSy Wight, Icon. t. 965 ; Spicil. Neilgh. t. 23. — 
C.P.492. ^ . . 

Var. a. Gardneriarui ; alahastris rotondatis. — M. Gardneriana, 
Miers, 1. c. p. 396. 

V ar. i3. Championiana ; foliis membranaceis, aldhastris oblongis. — 
M. Championiana, Miers, 1. c. 397. 

Hab. One of the commonest plants in the island, and to be met with 
from the level of the sea, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Grandapaana-gass." 

Owing to its great range in elevation, this plant varies a great deal in appearance 
and in the teitnre of it^ growing parts, these being of a much firmer consistence on 
the hills than in the neighbourhood of the sea, and more palpably so in dried than 
in fresh specimens. 

7. STBMONITBUS, Blume. 
StemonuruM (in parte), Miers. Urandra, Thw. 

1. 8. apicalis, Thw. — Uraiidra apicalis, Thw. in Hook. Kew Joum. 
of Bot. vol. vii. (1856) p. 211.— c.p. 2569. 

Hab. Damp forests, at an elevation of from 1000 to 2000 feet. Nom. 
vnlg. " Oorookannoo-^s." 

Jrbor in^ns. Uatnuli teretes, glabri. Folia Integra, coriacea, oblonga vel 
obovato-oblonga, abmpte brevi-acnminata, basi angnstata, subtns pallidiora, 4-6 poll, 
longa, 2-3 poU. lata, petiolo 5-8 lin. longo. PeduncuH axillares, solitarii vel bini, 
petiolo breviores vd snbseqnOongi. Capitula 7-12-flora. Florea hermaphroditi, 
petalis viridibns, basin versns purpnrasceutibns, circiter 2 lin. longis. Dntpa ob- 
longa, snbacuta, 15 lin. longa, 8 lin. lata, viridi-purpnrascens, dimidio apicali tlbido; 
futamine ligneo, cancellato, exteme fascicnlato-fibroso. Embryo in axi albuminis 
copiosi, carnosi; radicula supers, cyKndrica, cotyledonibus parvis cordatis seqni- 
longa ; te8ta pericarpio consolidata. 

When describing this plant, two years ago, nnder the name of Urandra apicalis, 
1 had not the opportunity of referring to Blame's Museum Bot. Ludg. Batav., 
and took it for granted that Mr. Miers was correct in determining Dr. Wallich's 
genus Qomphandra to be identical with Stemonurus of Blume. Now, however, 
I am satisfied that that learned botanist was in error, and that to Platea of 
Blume is to be referred the genus Qomphandra. Blume's definition of Stemonurus 
as "dmpa baccata, nucleo fibrose," does not apply to Qomphandra, though it 
does to the species figured in the Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat., and to the plant 
now nnder description. By a strange oversight, Mr. Miers has read my account of 
the structure of the seed of Qomphandra polymorpha, Wight ( Hooker's Journal of 
Bot. vol. vii. p. 211), as if it were that of ray Urandra apica/is, and has thus 
been under the erroneous impression (Linneean Trans, vol. xxii. p. 97 et seq.) 
that the structure is the same in the two plants. It is very different, for in 
Stemonurus apicalis there is no appearance of the longitudinal division of the 
albumen into two equal parts ; the testa is firmly adherent to the pericarp, and the 
putamen is very peculiar in • character, being ligneous, with several longitudinal 
cavities filled with soft cellular matter, and externally, when the flesh of the 



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44 ^UMSBATION OF lOlcufocea. 

drupe hS8 decomposed or been removed, exMbiting b fasoicnUte-fibroas stractnre, 
which in appearance is not very nnlike an arillns, bnt of coarse essentially very 
different from one. Mr. Miers is right in saying that Urandra apiealia is a 
Siemonurus^ and I have now called it so ; bnt it is not so for the reasons he gives, 
as has been shown above. 



8. FLATEA, Blume. 
Oomphandra, Wallich, Wight. Siemonuriu (in parte), Miers. 

1. P. ajdllaria, T)iw,--Gomphandra axillaris. Wall. Cat. n. 3718. 
Lasianthera ? tetrandra. Wall, in Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 328. Gom- 
phaTidra polymorpha, Wight, Illust. i. p. 103; Icones, t. 954. Stemo- 
nv/rus aadllaris, Miers, in Ann. of Nat. Hist. ser. 2. vol. x. p. 41. 8t, 
polymorphuBy Miers, 1. c. p. 37. St. Ceylanicus, Miers, 1. c. p. 42. 8t, 
K^meanus, Miers, 1. c. p. 40. — c.p. 251 (762). 

Hab. From the level of the sea, up to an elevation of 4000 feet ; veiy 
abundant. 

Aftfer reading the description of Dr. Wallich's plant in * Flora Indica,* cited 
above, it would seem almost impossible to doubt that this is the species intended 
by him. It is a very protean one as regards the shape and size of the leaves, 
and has consequently been overwhelmed with synonyms. I have not the least 
doubt that those quoted above, if not more, are referable to it in one or other 
of its forms. 

2. P. coriacea, Thw. — Gomphandra coriacea, Wight, HI. i. p. 103. 

G, polymorpha, $ , Wight, Icon. t. 953. Stemonurus Gardneri,M.ieirB, 
1. c. p. 38. St. Walkeri, Miers, 1. c. p. 43. Flatea Wiffhtiana, Miers, 
1. cj). 111.— c.p. 375. 

Hab. Damp forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 
to 6000 feet ; not uncommon. 

Equally protean, or even more so than the last species, in the size and shape of 
its leaves, which vary from narrow-lanceolate to orbicular, with a long, narrow acu- 
mination. ITie hairs upon the filaments are very jahort, and may easily have been 
overlooked by Dr. Wight's draughtsman ; and the petals and stamens of the fertile 
plaut are so very caducous, that it is not snrprisiug to find Blume describing the 
flowers as having none. The peduncle is at first axillary, but a leaf being most 
commonly produced upon it at about its middle, its upper part of course appears 
opposite to this new leaf, and more strikingly so when a leaf-bud has become de- 
veloped in the axil of the latter. 

This species differs most obviously from the last iu its coriaceous, opaque leaves, 
and longer, dichotomous peduncles, and in these latter appearing most commonly 
opposite to a leaf. Gomphandra coriacea of Dr. Wight's ' lUustrations' is, no doubt, 
the tetramerous form of this. 



XXXV. AITRANTIACILE. ' 

1. ATALANTIA, Corr. 

1. A. monopliylU, DO. (W. et A. Prod. i. 91 ; Wight, Illust. i. 108.) 
—c.p. 497 (1198). 

Hab. Komegalle and towards the north of the island, at no great 
elevation ; not uncommon. 



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2. LIHONIA, Liri. 

1. !■. alata. Herb. Madr. (W. et A., L c. p. 92.)— c.p. 1191. 

£[ab. Hot, drier parts of the island; common. I^om.yolg. ''Toompat- 
kooroondoo-gass." 

2. !■. Missionis, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c.)— C.P. 1194. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vtdg. " Pambooroo-gass." 

3. GLYCOSMIS, Corr. 

1. a. arborea, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum sjm.)— c.p. 180. 

Hab. Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Dodang-paana-gass." 

HiamefUa dilatata, supra mediam latissima, ad apicem aogustata. Ovarium 
glandalosam, breve, gynophoro sphseroidali angostios. Stylus depressus, brevis, 
stigmate discoideo distincto seqailatns. 

This must certainly be the lAmonia arhorea of Roxburgh (Cor. Plant, t. 85), 
though the analysis of the flower accompanying his figure expresses &r from cor- 
rectly the character of the species. 

2. O. pentapliylla, DC. (W. et A., 1. c' 93, cum sryn.)— c.p. 1192. 
-Hab. Very' common, up to an elevation of 3000 ftet. 

lilamenta ut in specie preecedenti. Pistillum, una cum gynophoro mediocri, 
subcylindricum, tmncatum. Fructus pulposus. 

This is a very variable species as regards the shape and size of its leaves, but 
may always be distinguished from the preceding by the much smaller panicles and 
different ^ape of the pistil and gynophore. 

3. O. bilocularia, Thw. ; foliis pinnatis ; foliolis altemis, breyi- 
petiolulatis, trapezoideo-lanceolatis, apice obtusis 'ypaniculis axillaribus, 
Drevissimis, paucifloris ; ovario biloculari. — c.p. 3362 (olim cum c.p. 
1192 mixta). 

Hab. Maturatte District, at no great elevation. 

Frutex. Foliota \\-2\ poll, louga, 5-8 lin. lata, subtus pallidiora. Flores sub- 
tessiks. Calyx 5-fldus, segmentis triangularibus. Fetala 5, albida, minute rufo- 
punctata, oblonga. Pilamenta altema breviora, multum et irregulariter dilatata, 
interne con^ava. Fistillunif una cum gynophoro, conicum, tmncatum. 

This bears a considerable resemblance to some forms of the preceding species, 
but its two-celled ovary, besides other differences, proves it to be quite distinct. 
Its technical characters would perhaps bring it within the genus Scl^ostylu, but its 
nearest affinity is certainly with the species of Glycosmit, 

4. HTTBBAYA, Koenig. 

1. M. exotica^ Lin. 

Yar. a, huxtfoUa ; ramulis confertis, glabris vel tomentosis ; foliis 
Bubcoriaceis ; calycis segmentis triangularibus. — M, exotica, W. et A., 
1. c. 94, cum syn. — c.p. 1200. 

Var. 0. paniculata; foliis majoribus, membranaceis, venis subtus 

Erominentibus ; calycis segmentis oblongis.— -If. paniculata, W. et A., 
c. cum syn.-^c.p. 1199. 

Hab. Yar. a in gardens only. Yar. j8 common in the warmer 
parts of the island, and up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Attaireya-gass.*' 



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46 BNUMBBATION 0? lAurontioeea, 

With fresh 'specimens of these two forms before me, I have been nnable to discover 
anything like a good specific difference between them. 

5. SCLEBOSTYLIS, Blume. 

1. 8. Ceylaidea, Wight, HI. i. p. 109.— iSf. Arnottiaruh Wight, I.e. 
Bissoa Cetflanica, Am. Pug. p. 6 (324). — c.p. 1196. 

Hab. Wanner parts of the island, not uncommon. Nom. vulg. 
" Yucca-naara-gass." 

A very variable species in the size and shape of its leaves, and the number of 
flowers in the axils. 1 have always fonnd the flowers tetramerous, and two ovules 
in each locnlns of the ovary. 

2. S. retundifolUy Thw. ; inermis P, foliis rotundis vel ovato-ro- 
tundis, retusis, coriaceis ; racemis ad apices ramulorum confertis. — 
c.p. 3295. 

Hab. Maturatte, at an elevation of 4000 feet and upwards; not common. 

Arbor parva, ramosissima, glabra. Folia J-lf poll, longa, 4~li-P^^' '***f 
peiioh 1-2 lin. longo. Racemi axillares et terminales, solitarii vtJi 2-3-fa8cicnlati, 
5-10-flori, foliis eeqailongi. Florea tetrameri. Calffx profnnde 4-fidus, lobis rotun- 
datis. Ovarium oblongum, brevi-stipitatum, in ttylum cylindricom apice compresso- 
dilatatum margine stigmatosum seqnllongum attennatum ; loculis 2, biovnlatis. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, bnt distinguished at once by the absence 
(apparently) of spines, and the different shape of the leaves. The calyx is deeply 
four-lobed, whereas in S, Ceylanica it is scarcely more than undulated ; the style is 
also more slender in the present species, and the ovary more decidedly stalked. In 
both species the latter organ is surrounded at its base by a free, glandular annulus. 

6. BEEGEBA, Koenig. 

1. B. Koenii^, Lin. (W. et A. Prod. i. 94, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 13.)— c.p. 1203, 2647. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; not uncommon. Nom. vulg. 
" £arapinchee-gass.' 
The Cinghalese use the leaves of this plant as a seasoning for their curries. 

2. B. nitida, Thw. ; foliolis 5-14, oblong^, obtuse acuminatis vel 
retusis, valde obliquis, obscure crenatis, glabris, nitidis ; ovarii loculis 2, 
biovulatis.— c.p. 2421. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not very imcommon. Nom. vulg. 
" Meegong-k^apinchee-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Hamuli minute pi}osi. Folio'la l|-3 poU. longa, '\-\\. poll, 
lata, petiolulo puberulo, 1-2 lin. longo. Paniculi terminales, pubemU. Flores 
parvi, albidi, pentameri. Stamimtm Jilamenta medio dilatata; anthera cordato- 
rotundatse. Ovarium oblongum ; stylo brevi, cylindrico, deciduo ; stigmate capitato. 
Fructus spheericus, pulposus, flavns, l-spemius, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

This species has evidently a near affinity with Fiptostylis Indica, Dalzell (Hook. 
Joum. of Bot. voL iii. p. 33. t. 2)^ the style being wholly deciduous as in that 
dpedes, and the locnli of the ovary always two-ovul^ ; but it differs from it in its 
very oblique leaves, smaller flowers, capitate stigma, and two-celled ovary. It may 
be considered doubtful, perh^s, whether it is desirable to retain the genus Piptostylis 
as distinct from Bergera. 1 am able to conflrm Mr. Dalzell's observation that the 
locnli of the ovarium of B. KomigU are frequently two-ovuled. 

7. MICROMELUM, Blume. 
1. M. pubeseens, Blume, Bijd. p. 138 P.— c.p. 188. 



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' AurawtiaceiB,'] cbylon plants. 47 

Hab^ Very common in the hotter parts of the island, up to an ele- 
vation of 2000 feet. Nom.^ vtdg. " Ws^-karapinchee-gass." 

This is a very variable plant in the size and shape of its leaves, which are always 
Yery oblique at the base. The small-leaved state bears very considerable resem- 
blance to Bergera Kosnigii. There seems to me to be scarcely sufficient grounds 
for exduding the present species from the genus Coohia. 

8. CLAUSENA, Burm. 

1. O. VinUdenoviiy W. et A. Prod. i. 96, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 339.— c.p. 1^)4. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Foliorum juniorum rachis, cum foliolorum petiolulis, costuUs marginibosque 
snpeme puberula. 

2. C. pabescensy W. et A., 1. c— o.P. 2546. 

Hab. Near Hangoranketty, at an elevation of about 3000 feet ; not 
common. 

I suspect that this and the preceding will prove to be but varieties of one species, 
for I can discover no character of any importance to distinguish them except the 
dense pubescence upon the ramuli and under surface of the leaves of the present 



9. PARAMTGNYA, Wight. 

1. P, monopbylla, Wight, Illust. p. 108. t. 42.— C.P. 1201, 1202. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. ** Wallangereya." 

10. Gen. Nov. ABTHBOMISCHUS, Thw. 

Calvx brevis, 4-dentatus. Corolhs petala 4, oblonga. Stamina 8, 
aequalia ; fila/mentis medio dilatatis ; antheris pblongis. Ovarium 
gynophoro conspicuo suffiiltum, 4-loculare ; locuUs 1-ovulatis. Ovula 
pendula. Stilus longus, cylindricus. Stigma jdilatatum. JFhmctus 
l-^spermus. • 

1. A. armatus, Thw.— C.P. 1197, 3115. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, at no great elevation ; not common. 

Frutex scandens, spinis rectis vel apice curvatis armatus. Bamuli glabri vel 
minute puberuh. Folia 1-foliolata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo ; foliolo ovato- vel 
oblongo-acuminato, basi rotundato^ ^\-^\ poU- longo, 7-15 lin. lato ; petiplulo \\ 
h'n. longo. Fasciculi axillares, 1-8-flori, pedicellis i-4t lin. longis. Fetala 2 lin. 
longa. -Ovarium subsphsericum, gynophoro rotundato sequilongo subsequilato 
suffhltum. Fructus pulposus, rotundatns, flavescens, 4-8 lin. in diam. 

This plant differs from Luvunga in the greater number of cells to the ovary, and 
these being one-ovnled ; from Faramignya its jointed leaf-stalk, small calyx, and 
one-ovuled locnli distinguish it, whilst from AialafUia it is separated by its scandent 
habit, free filaments, and stalked ovary. 

11. LTJVIJNGA, Ham. 

1. Ii. scandens, Ham. (Wight, Illust. i. 108.) — Limtonia sccmdens, 
Eoxb. M. lud. ii. 380.— c.p. 1195. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 



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48 EiSfWEBATioK OF IGuttifera, '• 

In aU the specimens of this plant I have examined, the filaments were free 
to their very base, even in the unexpanded flowers^ and the species appears to be 
somewhat dioecions, as in some plants the ovaries of all the flowers are entirely 
without ovnles. 

If Roxburgh did not make a mistake in his description of this plant, it will be 
necessary to call the Ceylon Luvunga in this ' Enumeration/ L, eleutherandra^ 
Dalzell, or what is the L. Tavoyana, "Wall., referred to by Wight in the Blust. i. 
p. 108 P 

2. Ii. eleutherandra, DaJz. Hook. Joum. of Bot. ii. (1850) p. 258 ; , 
Walp. Ann. ii. p. 184.— c.p. 1196. 

Hab. Central Province, at an eleyation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

This species would appear to be dioecious^ as in some plants the ovaries of all the 
flowers are entirely without ovules. It varies much in the shape and size of the 
leavetr 

12. FEBONIA, Corr. 

1. P. Slephantam, Corr. (W. et A. Prod. i. 96, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 15.)— c.p. 1205. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, very abundant. Nom. vulg. 
" Diwool-gass." 



XXXYI. HYPEEICACEiE. 

1. HYPERICUM, Ian, 

1. H. Mysorense, Hetb. Mad. (W» et A. Rod. i. 99.)— iVb/y^ca 
MvsorensiSf Wight, Icones, t. 56. — c.p. 48. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet ; not 
uncommon. 

2. H. Japonicum, Thunb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 2420. 
Hab. Abundant in paddy-fields and other wet places throughout the 

island. 



XXXVII. aUTTIFER^. 

1. GARCINIA, Lin. 

1. Q. Cambog^a, Desrous. (DC. Prod- L 561, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ulust. i. 125, cum syn.) — Cambodia GuUa, Lin. (in parte), et forsan 
Gore, Itoxhurghii, W ight, 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 1172. 

Var. a ; fructu maturo flavo. 

Var. jS; fructn matv/ro rubro. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 1500 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Goraka-gass." 

Florum fasciculi : — Masc. 3-8, pedicellati, pedicellis 7-10 lin. longis, apice parce 
incrassatis. PosM. 1-2, pedicellati, pedicellis 2-5 lin. longis. Pructus 2^3 poll, 
in diam. 

There appears to be in Ceylon bnt one species of Garcinia with sulcated fruit, 
bot in all the figures and descriptions of it 1 have seen, no notice is tl&en of a 
very marked character it has, namely, that the snlci or furrows are not continued 
to the apex, but terminate at some distance from it, the apex itself being smooth 
and depressed, and somewhat mamillseform. The gum which exudes from the tree 



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Ghti\fbr€B,'i CBYLON PLAKTS. 49 

is scnmtransparent, very adhesive, and is insolable in water, and therefore. omte 
onsoitable for the pnrpoeesof the dranghtsman. The Cinghakeedry the acid rinds of 
the ripe fnut, both the yellow and red varieties, and use them as a condiment for 
eating with their cnrries. 

2. O. echinocarpa, Thw. (Hook. Jpum of Bot. vol. vi. (1854) p. 71.) 
Var. a ; Jhliis oblongis vel lanceolatis, acnminatis. — c.p. 2445. 

Var. p ; JbUis ralde coriaceis, obovatis vel oblongis, retxuis vel -acu- 
mine brevi obtnso ; florihu9 majoribus. — c.p. 335. 

Hab. Yar. a, in the forests between S^atnapoora and Guile, at no 
great elevation. Var. ^, in tKe Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 6000 feet ; common.' Nom. vulg. ** Madol-gass." 

Floret terminales, sessiles: masc. numerosi, aggregati; F(BM. solitarii. Ova- 
rium sqnamis camosis nnmerosis imbricatis tectum. Fructus subsphtericns, 
echinnlato-moricatas. 

A thick oil is extracted from the seeds, which is used by the Cinghalese for 
burning in their lamps, but it gives a very indifiereut light. 

3. Q. Blorella, Desrous. — ffebrctdendron camhogioides, Graham, in 
Hook. Comp. to Bot. Ma^. vol. ii. p. 199. t. 27, cum syn. Oarcinia 
Gutta, Wight, lUust. i. 126. Camlogia Gutta, Linn. ¥i. Zeyl. p. 87, 
in parte. — c.p. 322. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Gt>katoo-ga88," " Kana-goraka-gass." 

FoEM. Ovarium glabrum, apice stigmate sessili imbricatim lobato tectum ; basi 
ttaminibus tterilibua drciter 12>, l-serialibns, basi cohserentibus cinctum ; antherit 
effcetis, subqnadratis, apice emarginatis. 

This is the only species growing in Ceylon from which gamboge is obtainable, 
and as the tree is not unpommon, the pigment might be collected in considerable 
quantities. 

2. TEBFNOPHYLLUM, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. voL vi. (1864) p. 70. 
? Bi&cotHgma, Hassk. (EndL Gen. Plant Suppl. iii. p. 95.) 

Floret dioici. Calyr 4-phyllus, deciduus. Masc. Stamina plurima in discnm 
mamillatum 2- vel 4-lobatam subtus petalis adhserentem coalita ; mamiUis singulis, 
anikeras 2-4, locnlis horizontalibus subimmersis gerentibns ; ovarii rudimento minuto. 
FoBM. Ovarium biloculare, staminibut sterilibus paucis squamsBfonnibus cinctum. 

1. T. Zeylaaieum, Thw. 1. c. t. 2. 

Yar. a. lanceolatum; foUis lanceolatis ; disco stamineo 2-lobato, hhis 
bifidis, medio sulcatis. — c.p. 2696. 

Var.j3. acuminatv/m; foliia lanceolatis, obtuse rostrato-acuminatis ; 
disco stamineo 4-lobato. — c.p. 3400. 

Hab. Var. a. Central Province^ at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
Yar. ^, in forests between Satnapoora and Goalie, at no great elevation. 

The Oarcinia Merguentis^ Wight, Icones, t. 116, will probably prove to be a 
species of this g^nus. 

3. XANTHOCHYMUS, Roxb. 

1. X. OTmlifoUos, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 632 ; W. et A. Prod. i. 102 
(excl. syn. a Burm. Fl. Ind. et Fl. Zeyl.).— P X spicatus, W. et A., 
1. c. 

^ 



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50 BNUMEBATIQN OF [Ghitt^era, 

Vap. a ; foliis ovatis, apiee rotnndatia vel retuais.— c.p. 1173. 

Yar. ^ ; foliis lanceolatis vel oyato-lanceolatis, plus minus aouminatis. 
—c.p. 731 (743, 766). 

Hi.B. Var. a, hot, drier parts of the ishmd. Var. ^, Central Pro- 
vince, up to an elevation of 3000 feet ; abundant. Nom. vulg. " Ella- 
gokatoo-gass." 

A most variable species, both as to the shape of the leaves and length of the 
peduncles and pedicels. Although the extreme forms of vars. a and $ look very 
dissimilar, I am unable to find waff constant character by which to separate them. 
A tenacious gummy matter exudes from the trufik, but it is of no value. 

4. MESUA, linn. 

1. M.lerrea, linn. Sp. 734; DC. Prod. i. 662; Wight, lU. i. 127; 
Icones, t. 118. — M. Nemaha, Grard.' in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist, 
vol. viii. p. 4. Arbor Naghcts, Burm. Zejl, p. 26. Mesua foliis lan- 
ceolatis, etc., Fl. Zeyl. n. ^3. Nagassartum, Rumph. Amb. vii. 3. t. 2. 
—c.p. 602. 

Yar. a ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis. 

Var. /3 ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis. 

HjLp. Yars. a and /9, common about Gulagama, especially the latter. 
Yar. a occurs very commonly in the neighbourhood of ten^ples as one 
of the favourite trees planted for ornament. Nom. vulg. " Na-gass." 

Dr. Gardner has given, in the work quoted above, a very full description of the 
ordinary form of this species^ The natives express an oil from the seeds for burn- 
ing. The wood is very hard and dnrable. 

2. M. s^iieciotia, Chois. in DC. Prodr. i. 662 ; Eheede, Hort. Malab. 
iii. 63. t. 63. ? Wight, Ipones, t. 961.— c.p. 2676. 

Yar. P ; foliis multo minoribus. — c.p. 603. 

HjLB. Banks of streams, in the Eatnapoora District. Nom. vulg. 
" Deya-na-gass." 

The figure in Hort. Mai., quoted above, and from which M. Choisy appears to 
have derived his character of the species, is a very fair representation of the usual 
form of this plant, which differs from the preceding in its much larger leaves, mosi . 
commonly rounded at the base, its sessile or subsessOe flowers, and larger fruit. 

3. M. Coromandelina, Wight, Icones, t. 117 ; Illust. i. 127.— 
c.p. 3404. 

HjLB. Forests between Galle and Batnapoora, at no great elevatipn. 

Dr. Wight's figure in the * Icones* well represents this plant, which is distin- 
guished from M, ferrea by i^ts more suddenly acuminated leaves, their base 'more 
rounded, and in these being without the white coating on the under side, so con- 
spicuous in the other tv^o species, and in its much smaller flowers on longer pedicels^ 

6. KAYBA, WaU. 

Capsula rotundata, coriacea, irregulariter fissa, 1-4-sperma, cal^ce 
multum aucto coriaceo inclusa. Semina cotyledonihus distinctis, car- 
nosis ; testa membranacea, colorata. 

1. K. stylotia, Thw; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis.— c.p, 
2708.* 

Hab. South of the island, at no great elevation. Nom. vulg. 
** Soovanda-gass." 



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Ou^feraJ] cbylon pijLKTS. 51 

Arbor BBgna. Bamuli terete^, g^ri, rofetcentes. Folia S-S poU. kmga, 7*-10 
lio. lata, subtos minntissime reticulata, petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Aylns staminidiu 
nmnerosis moltom loogior. 

'niis differs from Kayea floribunda of WallicVs- PI. Asiat. Barior. vol. iii. p. 6. 
t..210, in its mnch shialler and differently-shaped leaves, and long, protruded style. 
The flowers are very fragrant. The timber is nscM f6r bnilding purposes. 

6. CALOPHYIiLITM, Linn. 
• Nom. vulg. " Keena-gass," ** Walloo-keena-gass." 

Sect. \. Sepala 4. Fetala 8. 

1. O. l^alkerii, Wight, lUiiat. i. 128. t. 45.--C.P. 1170. 

Has. !Newera Ellia, Adam's Peak, and other of the most elevated 
parts of the island. 

An oil is extracted from the seeds of this and the other species of the genus, 
which is used for boming. 

Sect, 2. Sepala 4. Petala 4. 

t Bacemi folia aquantea vel longiores, 

2. O. dedlpieiui, Wight, Elust. i. 128 ; Icones, t. 106.— c.F. 3403. 
Yar. a ; fbliis obovato^blonms, basi rotundatis. 

Var. ^ ; foliii cordato-orbicmatis. 

Hab. Var. a, Ambagamowa District. Var. ^, Hiinidoon Corle, at 
an elevation of IjOOO to 2000 feet. 

The leaves of this plant vary much in shape, and the foliage often strongly 
resembles that of the preceding. In very young plants (o.p. 3401) of what I 
believe to be this species, the leaves are lanceolate or cordate-lanceolate. 

3. O. traperifoUiuni Thw. ; foliis coriaceis, parvis, ovato-trape- 
zoideis, obtuse et breve acuminatis vel retosis ; racemis folio multum 
longioribns ; florihu^ majnsculis. — c.p. 2446. ' 

Hab. Hnnasgiria District, i^ the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Bamuli ghibri. FoKa 1^2 poll, longa, 7-11 lin. lata, petiolo 
3-4 lin. longo. JPruetut snbiphflericus, 8 lin. longus, 7 lin. latus. 

4. O. coneifoliiun, Thw ; foliis parvis, cuneato-spathnlatis, obtuse 
brevi-acuminatis vel retusis, coriaceis. — o.p. 2917. 

Hab. Madamidianewera, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Arbor magna. Bamuli glabri. Folia 1^1 J poU. longa, 6-9 lin. lata, petiolo 
3-4 lin. bngo. Flora mediocres. Fructut sphaericus, 8 lin. in diam. 

ft Baeemi foliia breviores, 

5. O. Inopliyniun, Innn. (W. et A. Brod. i. 103 ; Wight, lUust. i. 128 ; 
Icones, t. 77.)— c.p. 2764.- 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Domba-gass." 

6. O. tomentosum, Wight, Elust. i. 128 ; Icones, 1. 110.— g.p. 1171. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet ; com- 

mon. 

The timber of this abundant tree is valued for building purposes, and the seeds 
are collected in considerable quantities for the sake of the oil they contain, which is 
called "Keena-tcl." 

7. C. bracteatmny Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, a medio 



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5^ BirifKBfiATiON OF IMippoorateocea, 

T^rsps baBin sxibrptiuidatain aensim angostataB ; racemis oonspicue 
bracteatis, tomentosis. — c.f. 2674. 

•Hab. Saffragam District, by the sides of streams, at no great eleya- 
tion. 

Jrbor ingens. BamuH quadrangali^ pendnli, tomento femtgiiieo cadaco vestiCS. 
Folia 8|-8 poll, longa, 1-2^ lata; petiolo 2-4 lin. \onfp \'juniora tomento fngaci 
pilosa. Bacemi foliis mnlto breviores, 4-8-flori. Fedtcelli bad l-bracteati, bracteu 
oblongis, tomentosis, 2-3 Hn. longis. Floret 4 lin. in expans. . Fructus immatams 
oblongos. 

The bracteated racemes, much smaller flowers, and oblong fruit, abundantly dis- 
tinguish this from the preceding species. 

Sect. 3. Sepala 4. Fetala 0. 
4po^^tfm>.Blame, Bijdr. p. 218. 

8. O. MoonU, Wight, Elust. i. 129 ; Icoiies, t. 111.— o.p. 3402. 
Hab. Forests in tne district between Galle and Eatnapoora ; not un- 
common. Nom. vulg. " Domba-keena-gass." 

Arbor magna. Bamuli joniores tomento ferrogineo fngaci vestiti. Fructus 
sphsericas. 

9. O. Bnrmanni, Wight, Ulust. 4. 129 ; Icones, t. 107, 108 ; Burm. 
Fl. Zeyl. t. 60.— O.P. 24^, 2447. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, at no great elevation. 
Fructus subsphsericus, mfo-bronneos, \ poll, in diam. 



XXXVni. HIPPOCEATEACE^.- 

1. HiPPOCBATBA, Linn. 

1. tl. Indica, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 104, cum syn.)— c.P. 1164. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; not imcommon. 

2. H. obtnBifolia, Bo:^b. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 963.)— c.p. 3168. 

Hab. South of the island. Nom. Tulg. " Dejakirindi-wel." 

2. KOKOONA, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. v. (1858) p. 879. 

. Stamina 5, petalis alterna; filamentis subulatis, disco magno aii- 
nulari expanso singulatim insertis. Ovarium semi-immersum, 3-locu- 
lare ; loculis 4-12-ovulatis. Ovula erecta. Capsula triangularis, 
loculicide dehiscent, valvis 3, lignosis. Semina imbricata, longe alata. 

1. K. Zeylaaica, Thw. 1. c. t. 6.— O.P. 2584. 

Hab. Not uncommon on the banks of streams in the Saffi*agam and' 
Ambagamowa Districts, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet* Nom. 
vulg. " Kokoon-gass.** 

The inner yellow bark of this tree is employed by the natives medicinally as a 
sternutatory, and an oil is expressed from the seeds, which is used for burning in 
lamps. 



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I 



JErjfthroitylea,] OBYLOH plaivts. 68 

3. SATiACIA, Liim. 

1. 8. obldns^a. Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 106, cum syn. ; Wi|?ht, 
Icones, t. 97 ; Ulust. t. 47 5.)— c.p. 1061, 3148. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. 8. reticvlatft, Wight, Blust. i. 134.~c.P. 658. 

Hab. Central I^ovince, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. Nom. 
vnlg. " Himbootoo-wel." 
The natives eat the pulp of the ripe, rather large, spherical fimit. 

3. 8. prinoides, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 105 ; Wight, Icones, t. 321.) 
— C.P. 1165. 

Hab. Central Province, np to an elevation of 2000 feet. Norn. vulg. 
" Heen-himbootoo-wel." 

4.- 8. diandra, Thw. ; Jhliis integris, ovatis, obtuse acuminatis, basi 
angostatis, brevi-petiolatis, snbtus nitidis, delicatnle reticulatis iflorihus 
tetrameris, diandris. — c.p. 2720. 

Hab. Central Province and Safiragam District, np to an elevation of 
2000 feet ; not common. 

Fruiex scandens, sicdtate nigrescens. Folia 2-4^ poll, longa, 1-1 j^ lata; petiolo 
1-2 lin. longo. Flores axillares, solitarii; pedicello petiolo aeqnilongo. FetcUa 
rotandata, ungmcalata, in anthesi horizontalia, lateribos reflexis ; calycis tegmentis 
triangolaribns mnlto longioribos. Stamiwum filatfienta brevia ; anihera extrorsse, 
loculis snbsphsBricis, horizontaliter dehiscentibns. Ovarium bilocnlare, locolis bi- 
ovolatis. "^ 



XXXIX. MALPIGHIACILE. 

1. HIPTAGE, G«rtn. 

1. H. Madablota, GsBrtn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 107, cnin syn. ; Wight, 
Elust. i 189. t. 50.)-^c.p. 659. 

Hab. Common np to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. H. parvifolia, W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 1166, 1167. 
Hab* Hot, drier parts of the island, Gardner, 

Flatynema laurifoliuziiy W. et A., described as from Ceylon, is probably 
cnltivated there only* Specimens in Hook. Herb, are from SinciqM»e, bat it may 
not be wild there. 



XL. EEYTHROXTLE^. 

L SETHIA, Xunth. 

L 8. Indicay DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 106, cnm syn. ; Wight, Hlust. 
i. 136. t. 48.)— c.p. 1168. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Mr. Ondaatze informs me that an empyrenmatic oil or wood-tar, used for pre- 
serving the wood employed in the constmction of native boats, is obtained from the 
wood of this' tree. 



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54 . BNiTMBBATiON OF ISapindcusea. 

2. 8. lanceolata^ Wight, Blast, i. 136; foliis lanceolatis vel lineari- 
lanceolatis, obtusis.— kj.p". 493. 

Hab. On the banks of streams, Galagama, at an elevation of 2000 
to 3000 feet. 

Frutex erectus, ramosos. Folia 2-3^ poll, longa, -^1 poll, lata ; petiolo 1^-2^ 
lin. loDgo. 

This is, as trulj observed by Dr. Wight, very closely allied to the next species ; 
bat, in addition to the difference in their shape, the under side of the leaves of the 
present plant is less shining, and the large areolae formed by the inosculation of the 
primary veins approach nearer to the margiu than they do in S. obtusifolia. If 
'these are, as Br. Wight suggests, to be considered only varieties of one species, S. 
acuminata would also have to be* joined with them, and perhaps this would best 
express their real character, though I can hardly venture to unite them without 
further investigation. 

3. 8. obtusifolia J foliis ovato-lanceolatis, ellipticis vel obovatis, apice 
obtuse brevi-acuminatis vel rotundatis, basi plus minus angustatis vel 
rotundatis. 

a. stvlosa ; staminibtcs jdtemis longioribus, stylo brevioribus. — S. 
lanceofata, var. jS obtusifolia, Wight, iTlust. i. 136. — c.p. 2613. 

b. staminea ; staminibus aequalibus, stylo longioribus. — 8. erythroxy- 
loides, Wight, k c. — c.p. 25. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Folia 1^-3^ poll, longa, \-\\ lata ; petiolo 2-3^ lin. longo. 

Until I found the same peculiarity existing in the next species, I considered, with 
Dr. Wight, that the different states indicated above under the letters a and b were 
distinct species : I am now disposed to look npon them rather as the foreshadowing 
of a dioicous character, though fruit is produced apparently in equal abundance upon 
the plants of either state. 

4. 8. acuminata, Am. Pug. p. 6 (324) ; Wight, lUust. i. 136.— 
Erythroxylon lucidum, Moon's Cat. — c.p. 222. 

var. i3 ; foliis minoribus, longius acuminatis ; petiolo breviori. — c.p. 
3488. 

a. stylosa ; staminibus altemis longioribus, stylo brevioribus. 

^b. staminea ; staminibus eequalibus, stylo longioribus. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Sanragam Districts, at an elevation of 1000 
to 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Batta-kerilla-gass." 

The smaller and. much acuminated leaves, and the more acute segments of the- 
calyx, seem alone to distinguish this from the preceding species. 

The Cinghalese attach much value to this ^ant as an anthelmintic for children, 
giving the juice expressed from the fresh leaves. 



XLI. SAPINDACILE. 

' 1. CABDIOSFEBMUM^Linn. 

1. O. Halicacabum, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 109, cum syn.)— c.p.. 
^958. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Painaira-wel." 

It is probable that C. canescens. Wall., occurs also in ^he island, but I have never 
yet met ^th it. 



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8ap%ikUice<B,'\ cstlon plakts. 66 

2. SCHMIDEUA, Lin. 

1. 8. Cobbe, DC. Prod. i. 610, cum gyn.; Wight, Icon. t. 964, 2';. 
W. et A. Prod. i. 110, cum syn.— c.p. 1156. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 fecit. Nom. vulg. 
"Cobbai-gass." 

2. 8. Tillotia, Wight, Icon. t. 401.— P S. Bkeedii, Wight, Ic. t. 964.' 
— c.p. 3649. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
I Bospect that this will prove to he hat a variety of the preceding species, firom 
which it seems scarcely to differ except in heing much more hairy. 

3. 8. allophylUy DC. Prod. i. 611, cum syn. ; foUif lanceolatis vel 
ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, glabris, integris vel vererus apicem grosse 
dentatis, basi angustatis. 

Yar. a ; racemis brevibus, hispidis ; bracteolis confertis.— c.p. 2679. 
8. allophylla. Am. Pug. 8 (326). 

Yar. /9 ; rttcemis elbngatis, minute pilosis, flonim fasciculis sparsis ; 
bracteolis inconspicuis.— c.p. 562. 

Hab. Yar. a, Ambagamowa and Hinidoon Districts, up to an eleva- 
tion of 3000 feet. Yar. ^, Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 
to 6000 feet. 

Jrbar parva. Folia 4-10 poU longa, IJ-S^ poll, lata ; peHolo J-l poll, longo. 
Plores parvi; petalia longe migaicolatia ; squamulis Tillosis^ lamina eeqnilongis. 
Bacea rotandatse, mbrs. 

4 8. hispida, Thw. ; ramulis hispidis ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
basi rotundatis vel parce angustatis, glamris, margine costa venis pri- 
mariisque utrinque cum pettolo longo hispidis; rctcemis brevissimis; 
Jlorihus confertis.^-o.p. 3294. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet^ 
Jrbor parva. Folia 5-14 poll, longa, 2-5 poll, lata ; peHolo fr-2 poU. longo. 
Ptf^o/a nngaicolata ; squamulis longe viUosis, lamina brevioribns. 

5. 8. acuminata, Thw. ; foliis ovatis, obtuse rostrato-acuminatis, 
glabris ; racemis elongatulis, subglabris, sparsifloris. — c.p. 3001. 

Hab. Gkdagama, on the banks of streams, at an elevation of 2000 to 
3000 feet. 

Jrbor parva. Hamuli teretes, glabri. Folia 2i-4i poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata ; 
petiole 4-7 lin. longo. Fetalorum squamula densissime viUosee, lamina eequilongae. 

3. SAPINDUS, Linn. 

1. 8. UvrilbUiui, Yahl, (Wight et Am. Prod. i. Ill, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 2545. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
3000 feet. 

The specimens in this Herharinm have the leaves tomentose underneath, and the 
petals, which are hairy over their entire inner sorface, have two hairy glandular 
appendages, as in the following species. 

2. 8. emare^atus, Yahl, (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, IUust« i. 
141. t. 51J— c.p. 1151. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Penella-gass." 
My specimens have the under side of the leaves quite glabrous, so that it would 



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56 KKUMEBATION OP [SapiudaceiB. 

appear that this and tlie foregoing species vary in haying their leaves either glabroos 
or hairy beneath. 

3. 8. nnijugfiuiy Thw. ; foliis bifoliolatis, glabris ; petiolo tereti, basi 
tumido ; foliolis lanceolatis, reticulatis, obtuse acuminatis, brevi-pe- 
tiolulaJtis ; racemis simpliciDus vel ramosis, subterminalibus, oppositi- 
foliis, minute pilosis. — c.p. 2465. 

HjLB. Hewahette District, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Folia siccitate nigrescentia ; petiole 7-12 lin. longo ; foliolis 
8-5 poll, longis, li-2 poll, latis ; petiolulo tumido 2-3 lin. longo. Calycis seg-- 
menta acuta. Stamina 8. Ovarium hirsutulum, 8-loCulare; stigmate sessili, 
8-radiato. Bacca 1-3-sperma, i-H poll, in diam., subrotundata. 

The specimens I have obtained of this plant do not enable me to give so full a 
description of the flower and frnit as I could wish. In appearance it a good deal 
resembles Nephelium bifoliolatum of this work, but the structure of the firuit is 
very different. 

4. HEMIGYBOSA, Blume. 
Rumphia, vol. iii. p. 165. Walpers, Ann. vol. ii. p. 212. 

1. H. tiiehocarpa, Tkw,\ foliis abrapte pinnatis, sub^labris ; foliolis 
suboppositis, 2~4-jagiB, lanceolatis, acuminatls, integris ; racemis to- 
mentosis, pins minus ramosis ; hracteolis subulatis, cuiratis, pediceUis 
longioribus. 

V ar. P ; foliis minoribus, an^tioribus. — o.P. 607. 

Hab. Var. a, Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Var. i3, hot, drier parts of the island. 

Jrbor mediocris. Petala 4 (uno deficiente). Ovarium hirsutum, trigonum; 
stylo brevi. ^Fructut hirsutus, indehiscens, trigonus, trilocularis ; pericarpio sub- 
lignoso, interne piloso. Semina oblonga ; testa membranacea ; cotyledontius car- 
nosis, eequalibus, incumbentibus ; radicula parva, ab hilo distante. 

2. H. canesceiuiy Thw. — Cupania canescetis, W. et A. Prod. i. 113. 
Molincea canescens, Eoxb. Cor. i. 43. t. 60 ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, 
glabris, subtus fuscescentibus ; racemis plus minus ramosis, minute 
tomentosis ; hracteolis minutis, triangularibus, pediceUis brevioribus. 
—c.p. 3508. 

Hab. Lower Badulla Eoad from Zandy, at no great elevation. 

This plant is so closely allied to the preceding that I suspect there must be some 
mistake in its having been described with dehiscent fruit and arillate seeds. The 
apparent arillus in Roxburgh's figure is, I believe, the hairy coating of the inside of 
the pericarp. The fruit in my specimens is very immature. I find the fifth (small) 
petal sometimes present, as figured by Roxburgh. 

6. HABPULLIA, Eoxb. 
Otonychiumt Blume. Streptostigma, Thw. 

1. H. imbricata. — Otonychium imbricatum, Bl. Eumpbia, iii. 180 ; 
Wdpers, Ann. ii. 213. Strepiostiffmaviridiflorum, Tkw. in Hook. Joum. 
of Bot. vol. vi. (1854) p. 298. t. 9 -4. P Marpullia cupanioides, Bocb. 
Fl. Ind. ii. p. 442.--C.P. 605, 736. 

Hab. Central Province ; not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 
• feet. 

This must be closely allied to, if not identical with, Roxburgh*s Haipullia 
cupanioideSt but, if that eminent botanist's description be correct, the Ceylon plant 



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8apindcu!e(B.'] cbtlon plants. 57 

differs from his in having most frequently two instead of one seed in each locnlns of 
the seed-vessel ; the se^ of a different colour and shape, and with an aril very 
minute, instead of reaching nearly to their apex : the position of the radicle would 
also appear to he different. The peculiar twisted character of the stigma, so evident 
in the Ceylon plant, would scarcely have heen left unnoticed hy Roxburgh and 
Wallich had it been present in the species described by them, which on the other hand 
is said to have a bifid style. 

6. KEFHELIXJM, Linn. 

t Petala appendiculata, 

1. W. erectnm, Thw. ; foliis majusculis, abrupte pinnatis ; foliolis 
3-4-JTigi8, suboppositis, laiiceolatis, acuminatis, mfcegris, s^labris, reti- 
culatis ; paniculu terminalibus, multifloris, foliis multo brevioribus ; 

fructibus 1-3- raro 4-Iobi8, minute tomentosis, lobis oblongis. — c.p. 
1150 (in parte). 

Hab. OentMl Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Frutex erectus, non vel parce ramosus, 6-10-pedalis. Foliorum rachit striata, 
10-14 poll, longa ; foliolis 6-10 poll, longis, 2-34 Iritis, brevi-petiolatis. Floret 
5-meri. CkUycis segmenta rotundata. Petala late unguiculata, medio squamata ; 
lamina rotundata, reilexa, IsBvi, margine involuta ; squama erecta, bifida, villosa. 
Discus annuliformis, Isevis. Stamina 8. Stylus brevissimus. Stigma minutum, 
3-lobnm. Ihtctus carnosus, luteus ; lobis circiter 1 poll, longis. Semina ovoidea, 
arUlo camoso hyalino integro inclusa; testa membranacea, rufa; cotyledonibus 
crassis, incumbentibus. 

2. W. tiimplicifolium, Thw. ; foliis integris, cuneato-lanceolatis, acu- 
minatis, IsBvibus, membranaceis, reticulars ; paniculis brevibus, sub- 
terminalibus, minutisaime tomentosis. — c.p. 443. 

Hab. South of the island, at no great elevation ; rare. 

Frutex erectus, 6-10-pedalis, parce ramosus. Folia 8-12 poll, longa, 2i-4 poll, 
lata ; petiolo i-2 poll, longo. Flores 6-meri. Calycis segmenta rotundata. Fetala 
exnnguiculata, rotundata, ciliata, basi sguamula parva villosa munita. Discus re- 
gularis, IsBvis. Stamina 8, ovarii rudimentum 3-lobatum cingentia. 

Until the fruit of this species is known, there must remain some little doubt as 
to whether it is a true Nephelium, I have as yet seen only very young male flowers 
of it. 

3. W. bifoUolatnm, Thw. 4 foUolis unijugis, integris, lanceolatis, 
obtusiusculis, basi an^ustatis, glabris ; paniculis terminalibus, foliis 
esqmlongis vel longioribus. — c.p. 1721. 

Hab. Lower Badulla Soad from E!andy, at no great elevation. 
(Mor. Aprili.) 

Arbor mediocris, 20-80-p6dali8, ramosissima. Foliola supeme nitida, reticulata, 
subtus opaca, fuscescentia, 8-5 poU. longa, i-11 poU. lata, petiolulo 2-3 lin. longo, 
petiolum ^-1 poU. longnm terminalatia. Fanicula pilosulse. Flores 5-meri. Calycis 
segmenta rotundata, glabra, ciliata. Fetala parce longiora, oblonga, glabra, ciliata, 
abrupte brevi-unguiculata, basi sguamula parva rotundata longe cDiata munita. 
Discus camosus, crenulatus. Stamina ssepissime 7 : masc. filamentis linearibus, 
petala sequantibus, basi pilosis ; fcem. brevibus, ovarium glabrum bilobum cingen- 
tibns. Stylus linearis. Stigma minutum, obscure bilobum. 

4. N. fr-KiTninm. — Eccremanthus eximius, Thw. in Hook. Joam. of 
Bot. vii. p. 272. t. 9 ; foliis magnis, abrupte pinnatis, subsessilibus ; 
foliolis &-13-ju^, oblongo-lanceolatis, serratis, subsessilibus, subtus 
hirsutulis, pare mferiore minore, obliquo, ourvato, ssepe deciduo ; pani- 

I 



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58 BNUHEBATION OF ISapindocecB. 

cutis tomentosis, ramis elongatis, pendxdis, mtdtifloris, cylindricis ; 
JUynhus minutis. — o.p. 1163. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet. (Flor. 
Maio ; fruct. Julio.) 

Jrbor magna, 40-60-pedalis. Bamuli juniores mfo-hirsuti. Tlores 5-meri. 
Calycis segmenta brevia, subacata. Fetal a minuta, transverse oblonga, exunguicu- 
lata, squama adnata subsequilonga margine dense villosa mnnita. Discus camosns, 
rufescens. Stamina 5, petalis ranlto loiigiora. Ovarium bilobum, hirsutulum; 
stylo lineari ; stigmate minuto, bilobo. Fructus camosns, subglaber, ssepissime 
1-lobns. Semen oblongnm, arillo byalino fere tectum, hilo magno obliquo ; testa 
rnfa. 

ft Petala exappendieulata. 

5. N. Ziong^anum, Camb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 113, cum syn.) — N. Mora, 
Gardner, MSS. Dimocarptis pupilla, Moon*s Cat. p. 31. — c.p. 1152. 

Hab. Abundant up "to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
** Mora-gass." 

BamuHy cum partibus aliis junioribus, tomento stellari mfescente vestiti. Fructtis 
immatnrns tuberculatus, stellari-tomentosns, demum glaber, Isevis \ arillo plus minus 
copioso. 

The Cingbalese eat tbe flesby aril of tbe fruit of this tree, and the wood is useful 
for building purposes. 

6. N. Oardneri, Thw. ; foliis abrupte pinnatis, subglabris ; foUolis 
2-3-jugis, lanceolatis, grosse et obtuse dentatis, brevi-petiolulatis, 
subtus glaucis. — c.p. 1164. 

Hab. Putlam, Gardner, 

Prsecedenti valde similis afBnisque, sed foliis dentatis, sepalis petalisqne acutioribus, 
et pubescentia viz stellari satis distincta videtur. 

ttt Petala nulla. 

7. N. ftuicatnm, Thw. ; foliis abrupte pinnatis, glabris ; foliolis 
2-iugis, lanceolatis, obtusis vel retusis, basi cuneatis, reticulatis, brevi- 
petiolulatis ; racemis terminalibus, minute fosco-pilosis, ramosis ; ramis 
densifloris, spicsBformibus. — c.p. 2677. 

Hab. Putlam, Gardner, 

Foliola 3-4 poll, longa, i-\\ poll. lata. Flores minuti. Cdlyds segmenta acuta. 
Discus complanatus, crenatus. Stamina 8-10, glabra. 
I have not seen the fertile flowers or fruit of this plant. 

7. SCHLEICHEBA, Willd. 

1. 8. trijuga, WiUd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 114, cum syn.)— c.p. 1155. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation 
of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Cong-gass." 

The Cingbalese express an oil from the seeds of this tree, which they use for 
burning, and a considerable quantity of lac is often produced upon the young 
branches. 

8. PTEBIBOPHYLLUM, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. vi. (1854) p. 65. 

Flores polygamo-monoici. Stamina 5, disco intus complanato crenato 
inserta. Ovarium rotundatum, biloculare. Ovula in loculis sohtaria. 



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Meliace(e.'\ CBYLON plants. 50 

pendula, anatropa. Stylus linearis. Stigma minntmn, bilobnm. Mttctus 
drapaceus, ssBpissime l-spermus ; putamine membranaceo. Semen ex- 
arilfatum ; testa membranacea ; cotyledonihus foliaceis, plicatis ; radicula 
dorsali, hilo fere attingente. 

1. P. decipienti, Thw. 1. c. t. 1 B. — Hhus decipierts, W. et A. Prod. i. 
172 ; Wight, Illust. i. 186. t. 75.— c.p. 536. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Pehimbia-gass." (Flor. Jan. ; fruct. Mar.) * 

The wood of tliis very ornamental tree is useful for building purposes. 

9. DODONjSA) Linn. 

1. D. Bnrmanniana, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 114, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. i. 142. t. 52.)— c.p. 1158. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. Norn. vulg. 
" Attawarella-gass." 

10. MELIOSMA, Blume. 
MiUingtonia, Roxb., W. et A. 

1. M. pnng^enti, Walp. Rep. L 423. — MiUingtonia pungens. Wall. ; 
W. et A. Prod. i. 115, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 964/3.— o.p. 300 
(580). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 
Folia snbintegra vel distanter serrulata, supeme, costa venis primariisqne exceptis, 
glabra (juniora sparse pilosa), subtus plus minus lu'rsuta. 

2. M. BimpUcifolia, Walp. 1. c. — MiUingtonia simplicifolia, Soxb. ; 
W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 703. 

Hab. Abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
** Albadda-gass, " " EAwaniddala-gass." 

3. M. Araottianai Walp. 1, c. — MiUingtonia Artiottiana, Wight, 
Illust. i. 144. t. 53.— c.p. 293. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

XLII. MELIACEiE. 
1. MUNBONIA, Wight. 

1. M. pnmilai Wight, Icones, t. 91. — c.p. 177. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Bin-kohomba-gass." 

This is much valued by the Ciughalese as a medicinal plant. 

2. MELIA, Linn. 

1. M. composita, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 117, cum svn.)— c.p. 699. 
Hab. South of the island. Nom. vulg. " Loonoomidella-gass." 

3. AZADIBACHTA, Adr. Juss. 

1. A. Indicai Adr. Juss. (W. et A., 1. c. 118, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. . 
396.)— c.p. 1159. 



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60 BiruMEBATiON OF IMeliocea. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. Norn, 
vulg. " Kohomba-gass." 

The juice of the leaves of this plant is employed as an anthelmintic for cattle. 

4. MATiT.TgA ^ Adr. Juss. 

1. M. RotbU^ Adr. Juss. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 496. 
Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 



5. MILISTEA, Eoxb. 

1. M. Roxburgliiana, W. et A. Prod. i. 119 ; Wight, Icon. t. 166. 
—c.p. 1148. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

This and the next species are polygamo-dioicous, the barren flowers being smaller 
and in larger panicles than the fertile ones. 

2. M. apiocarpa, Thw. ; foliis imparipinnatis, foliolis 5-9, ovatis, 
obtuse acuminatis, basi c\in.edX\&', juniorihtis subtus spadiceo-fiirfuraceis; 

Jloribus pediceUis brevioribus ; frticUhus pyriformibus. — c.p. 406, 2448. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Bamuli juniores spadiceo-forfnracei. Petala exteme forforaeea. 
Cotyledones singulse in doas partes plus minns inseqnales fere ad basin diviss. 

Closelj dlied to the preceding, bat differing in its larger and more furfuraceons 
leaves and flowers. In the present species the flowers are shorter than their pedicels, 
whereas in if. Boxburghiana they are longer. 

6. AMOOBA, Eoxb. 

1. A. Rohitaka, W. et A. Prod. i. 119— c.p. 668, 2479. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Hingool-gass.** 

Fructua subglobosus, rufescens, 1-li poll, in diam., basi pamm attennatus. Semina 
oblonga,»brannea, arUlo coccineo vestita. 



7. DYSOXYLON, Blume. 

1. D. macrocarpum, Blume, Bijdr. p. 175. — Ghuarea hinectarifera, 
Eoxb. Cat. ? Amoora ficiformis, Wight, Hlust. i. 147.— c.p. 2637 
(1160 in parte). 

Var. fi ; foliis minoribus, angustioribus. 

Hab. Central Pi-ovince, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. fi. 
Batticaloa, Ga/rdmer, 

Arbor ingens. Foliola 5-8 poll, longa, lir-3 poll, lata, petiolulo 4 lin. longo. 
Panieula supra-axillares, 8-6 poU. longse, minatissime incano-tomentosae, sparsi- 
florse ; pediceUis articulatis. Flores pallide virides, octandri, circiter 3 lin. longi. 
Calyx cupnliformis, 4-emarginulatns. Petala reflexa, acuta, exteme minute tomen- 
tosa. Tubus stamineus 4-gonus,.dentibus 8, obtusis, bifidis. Tubus interior ovario 
rotundato, piloso sequilongns, denticulatus. Fructus rubescens, rotnndatus, 4-locu- 
laris, 4-spermns, circiter 2^ poll, in diam., brevi-pedunculatns. 

I suspect I have not seen the fertile flowers of this plant, for, judging from the 



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Cedrelacea,'] CBYliOir plaittb. 61 

frnit being so shortly pednncled, it would seem probable that they are on much 
shorter panicles or racemes. 

2. D. Ohamptoniiy H.f. et T. MSS. ifbliis ^labris, abrapte pinnatis ; 
foUolis 2-3-jugis, oblongo-spathnlatis, subconaceis, ayeniis, apice ro- 
tundatis.— c.p. 1193, 3696. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Foliola ^-4 poll, longa, f-li poll. lata. Panicula snpra- 
axillares, 2-3 poll, longs, minntissime pilosolse. Floret octandri, flavescentes, 
circiter 3 lin. longi. Calyx brevis, 4-loba8. Petala glabra, acnta. Tubw stamineus 
dentibos 8, obtnsis, bifidis. Tubtta interior nnllus. Fructus pyriformis, pollicaris, 
loeuli* l-2-8permi8. 

This differs from the other species of Dysoxylon in having no inner tube sur- 
rounding the ovary. 

8. WALSUBA, Eoxb. 

1. IV. piscidia, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 120, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Blust. i. 148. t. 66.)— c.p. 1162. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Blirrek5ng-ga88." 

2. IV. Qardneri, Thw. ; foliis unifoliolatis, glabris ; foliola inte^o, 
ovato, obtuse-acuminato ; petiolulo brevi, cum petiolo multo longiore 
articulato. — c.p. 1163. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor parva, 10-12-pedali8. Foliola 3-6 poll, longa, li-2i lata, petiolulo 1-8 
lin. longo. Fructus oblongos, pamm apicnlatus, 6-8 lin. longus. 

The flowers of this are very similar to those of the preceding species, but the fruit 
is larger and more oblong. The axis of the panicle is most frequently produced into 
a leaf-branch, in which case the inflorescence appears scattered along the stem. 

9. XYLOCABPUS, Konig. 

1. X. Oranatom, Kon. (W. et A. Prod. i. 121, cum syn.)— c.p. 2660. 
Hab. South of the island ; not common. 



XLni. CEDEELACELS:. 
1. CHICKBASSIA, Aar. Juss. 

1. O. tabnlaris, Adr. Juss. (W. et A. Prod. i. 123 ; Wight, Hlust. i. 
149. t. 66.) 
Var. j8 ; foliis subtus tomentosis. — c.p. 2454. 

Hab. "Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Hoolanghik-gass." 
The wood of this tree is nsefid for building purposes. 

2. CHLOBOXYLON, DC. 

1. O. Swietenia, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 12a, cum syn. ; "Wight, 
Dlust. i. 149. t. 66 6w.)— c.p. 1160. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Booroota-gass." 
This tree yields the satin-wood of commerce. 



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62 BVUMBBATION OF [AmpelidecB, 

XLIV. AMPELTDEiE. 

1. CISSXJSy Linn. 

1. O. ednlis, Dalz. in Hook. Lond. Jonm. of Bot. ix. p. 248. — C. 
quad/rcmgularis, Eoxb. (non Linn.). Vitis quadrangularis, Wall. ; 
W. et A. Prod. i. 125 ; Wight, Icones, t. 51.— c.p. 1174. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 
The Cinghalese use the succnlent stems of the plant as a medicine. 

2. C. g^lsrptocarpa, Thw. ; ramulis tenuibus, 4-alatis ;JhUit tnmcato- 
cordatis, acuminatis, serratis, ^labris, subtns basi, costa nerrisqne 
adpresse pilosis; stipulis cymbiformibus ; ci/mis petiolo longioribus, 
medium versus 3-5-radiatis, glabris. — c.p. 1183. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Folia 2-3 poll, longa, 1-1| lata ; petiolo alato, f-li poll, longo. I7ores parvi, 
rofescentes. Fetala acuta, refleia. Stylus eylindricas. Sligma minntom, bilobouL 
Nuculania oblonga, 3^ Hn. longa, l-sperma, nigro-purpurea. Semen pyrifonne, 
dorso 6-8eriatim excavato-pnnctatum, antice 2-8iilcatum. 

3. O. repenti. Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 125, cum syn.) — c.p. 1180. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

4. O. acuminata, Thw. ; ramulis teretibus ; foliis membranaceis, 
truncato-cordatis, rostrato-acuminatis, denticulatis, glabris, supeme 
costa venis primariisque appresse pilosis, longe petiolatis ; cymis spa- 
diceo-tomentosis, petiolo mmto brevioribus. — c.p. 3451. 

Hab. Eatnapoora District. 

Folia 5-7 poll, longa, 2^-4 poll, lata; petiolo 2|-3i poll, longo. Stipula 
rcniformes, medio adnatse. Fetala externe pilosa. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, but differing from it in the shape and 
texture of the leaves, and in these being usually five-nerved at the base, whereas in 
C, repens they are most commonly three-nerved ; in the latter, too, the lamina is 
produced below the point of attachment of the petiole, giving the leaf a subpeltate 
character, but it is not so in the present species. 

6. O. grUuca, Eoxb. PL Ind. i. 425.— Ft^*« glauca, W. et A. Prod. i. 
126.— c.p. 2939. 
Hab. Abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

6. O. lonchipHylla, Thw. ; glabra, foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, acumi- 
natis, remote denticulatis, basi truncato-rotundatis, 3-nerviis, parum 
subpeltatis ; cymis brevi petiolo longioribus. — c.p. 1177. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation ; rare. Muruta, 
Gardner, 

Folia 4-7 poll, longa, li-2i poll, lata, petiolo 3-6 lin. longo. Stipula cordatse, 
medio adnatse. Flores parvi. Nuculania rotundata, depressa. 

7. O. adnata, Eoxb.— F«^t> adnata. Wall. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 126, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 144. — c.p. 3450. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

8. O. angnlata, Lam.— Fi^w Linnai, Wall. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 126, 
cum syn. — c.p. 1181. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; common. 

9. O. trUobata, Lam.— Ft/w Bheedii, W. et A. Prod. i. 127, cum 
syn.— c.p. 1182. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; common. 



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AtnpelideaJ] cbtlon plants. 63 

10. O. setoM, Eoxb.—FtYw setosa. Wall.; W. et A. Prod. i. 127, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 170. — c.p. 1179. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

11. C. camotia, Lam. — Vitig camosa, W. et A. Prod. i. 127, cum 
syn.— c.p. 2938. 

Hab. Wajiner parts of the island ; common. 

12. O. mnricata.— F?^w mtiricata, Wall, ; W. et A. Prod. i. 128, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 740. P 0. papillosa, Bl. Bijdr. p. 183. 

Var. ^. minor. — c.p. 1178. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet; not un- 
common. 

Folia simplida vel 2-8-foliolata ; foliolis 2-3^ poll, longis. Nuculania albida, 
8-5 lin. in diam., l-4-8penna. 

I can find no character bat its smaller size to distinguish this from the plant 
figured by Dr. Wight. 

13. C. Oardneri, Thw. ; elabra, foliis 3-foliolatis ; foliolis ovato- 
lanceolatis, repando-dentatis, brevi-petiolatis, basi cuneatis ; lateralibus 
minoribus obliquis ; stipulis cordato-oblongis, adnatis ; cymis petiolo 
multo longioribus. — c.p. 1176. 

Hab. Matele and Hunasgiria Districts ; not common. 

Bamuli teretes, rofescentes. Folia petiolo circiter 1 poll, longo ; foliolo inter- 
medio 2-3 poll, longo, 1-1 i poll. lato. Ctftna panciflorse, mfescentes. Nuculania 
pisi magnitadine, nigro-purpurea. 

14. C. laaceolaria, Eoxb. — Vitis lanceolaria. Wall.; W. et A., 1. c. 
cum syn.; Wight, Icones, tt. 28 et 177.— c.p. 3697. 

Hab. NearNalande. 

It seems probable that C. muricata is only a form of this species, as suggested by 
"Wight and Amott. 

15. C. pedata, Lam.— Fi^w pedatay Wall. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 128, 
cum syn. — c.p. 1175, 2726. 

Hab. Very abundant. Nom. vulg. " Madeya-wel." 
Varies very much in the amount of pubescence, sometimes being nearly 
glabrous. 

16. O. reticulata, Thw.; glahr&y foliis S-fohol&tis; foliolis sxibsd- 
qualibus, ovatis, cuspidatis, obscure denticulatis, subtus prominenti- 
reticulatis, basi angustatis ; lateralihus obliquis ; cymis petiolo lon- 
gioribus. — c.p. 2857. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District ; rare. 

Folia petiolo li-2i poll, longo ; foliolis 4-5 poll, longis, 2-2i poll, latis ; 
petiolulis later alibus 3-6 lin. longis; intermedio pollicari. Nuculania ovoidea, 
pallide rosea, cerasi magnitudine. Semina oblonga, 4 lin. longa. 

Closely allied to some forms of the preceding, but its diflferently-shaped and reti- 
culated leaves at once distinguish it. The fruit is larger and somewhat attenu- 
ated at the apex, and the seeds, though with similar markings, are half as long 
again as those of C. pedata. The temate character of the leaflets will probably 
be found not to be constant. 



2. VITIS, linn. 

1. V. Indies, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 131, cum syn.)— c.p. 1184. 
Hab. Abundant, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 



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64 BKi7MBBi.TiOK OF lOxalidea. 

3. IiEEA, Linn. 

1. Ii. Staphylea, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 132, cum syn. ; Wight, 
lUust. i. 153. t. 68 ; Wight, Icon. t. 78.)— c.p. 732. 

Hab. Very common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Booroola-gass." 



XLV. GEBANIACE^. 

1. GERANIUM, lann. 

1. a. Nepalense, Sweet, Ger. t. 12; DC. Prod. i. 643.-6?. affine, 
W. et A. Prod. i. 133.— c.p. 2788. 

Hab. Between Newera Ellia and Maturatte, at an elevation of 7000 
feet ; not common. 

XLVI. OXALIDE^. 
1. OXALIS, Linn. 

1. O. comicnlata, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 142, cum syn.) — O. repens, 
Thunb. ; DC. Prod. i. 693.— c.p. 1189. 
Var. ^. minor. — c.p. 1188. 
Hab. Central Province, abundant up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

2. BIOPHYTUM, DC. 

1. B. sensitiTiun, DC. Prod. i. 690, cum syn.— c.p. 1190. 
Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. B. nudum^ Arn. Pug. viii. 326; Wight, Illust. i. 161.— c.p. 464 (6 
in parte). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

The leaflets of tMs species are less falcate and of a firmer texture than those 
of the preceding, of which it is perhaps only a variety, and which it resembles 
in its subglabrous styles, shorter than those of the two following species. 

3. B. prolifervm^ Am. Pug. ix. 327 ; Wight, Illust. i. 162.— c.p. 
2418. 

Var. P ; foliis majoribus ; foUolis plus numerosis. — B, intermedium, 
Wight, 1. c— c.p. 2419 (6 in parte). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

^Besides the difference of habit, the longer pilose styles distinguish this irom 
the two preceding species. 

4. B. nervifolium, Thw. ; caule simplici ; foliolis circiter 12-iugi8, 
obovato-oblongis, obtuse apiculatis ; venis primariis paucis divancatis, 
subtus prominentibus ; pedicellis floribus brevioribus; st^/lis longis, 
pilosis, apice bijBdis. — c.p. 2787. 

Hab. Putlam, A. O. Brodie, Esq. 

In habit and general appearance this a good deal resembles B. sensitivum, but 
the different shape and venation of the folioles, and the longer, hairy styles, seem 
satisfactorily to (Hstinguish it. 



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Balsctminete,'} cbylon plants. 65 

. XLVII. BALSAMTNILE. 
1. IMFATIENS, Linn. 

(Nom. vulg. " Koodaloo-mal.") 

Sect. 1. Foliis oppositis. 

1. Z. rosmarinifpliai Eetz, (Am. in Comp. to Bot. Mag. i. 325, cum 
syn. ; Walp. Eep. i. 475.) — c.p. 31. 

Hab. Very abundant, especially amongst high grass, from the level 
of the sea to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Sect. 2. Foliis altemis. Pedicellis axillaribus, solitariis vel pluribus, 

2. X. Balsamina, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 135, cum syn.)— c.p. 1213. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

3. X. cnspidata, W. et A. Comp. to Bot. Mag. i. 321 ; Walp. Eep. 
p. 468 ; Wight, Icones, t. 741.— c.p. 156. 

Var. p. foliis lengioribus. — I. hipartita, Am. 1. c. i. 322 ; Walp. B«p. 
p. 468.— c.p. 503. 

Hab. Var. a. Above Galagama, Gardner, Var. /3. Central Province, 
at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

I can find nothing to distinguish var. $ from the other form of the plant but 
its longer, narrower leaves, and these with rather more numerous and less distinct 
primary veins. The flowers are of a dull reddish-purple in both : the relative 
size of the anterior lobe of the petals varies a good deal in different specimens. 

4. X. XZenslowianai Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. p. 469. — c.p. 49. 

Var. p, foliis tomentosis. — I. albida, Wight, Icones, t. 743. — c.p. 547. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet ; on 
rocks. 

The smoother variety of this species agrees very completely with Dr. Amott's de- 
scription, except that the posterior sepsd is not three-lobed, but two-lobed, with a 
wide sinus. The flowers are white, or slightly tinged with red. 

5. X. flaccidai Arn. 1. c. p. 322 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 468.—/. latifolia, 
Moon's Cat. p. 18.— c.p. 2791. 

Hab. Abundant, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Herbacea, decumbens. Flares rubro-pnrpurei, pallidi vel rarins candidi, 1-li 
poll, in eip. Sepalo posteriore obcordato, carinato ; petalorum lobis subaequalibus, 
rotundatis, emarginatis. Semina juniora pilis patentibus deciduis vestita. 

1 do not find the spur in this species thicker towards the middle, and the appear- 
ance was probably caused in Dr. Amott's specimen by unequal pressure in chying. 
This must be closely allied to, if not a variety of, /. latifolia^ Linn., judging from 
the figore in Kheede, Hort. Mai. ix. 91. t. 48; and the Idst paragraph in the de- 
scription of t. 52, page 101, in the same volume, would seem to imply that the 
former has smooth capsules, though it is referred by Messrs. Wright and Amott to 
a species with them tomentuse. 

6. X. leptopoda, Arn. 1. c. p. 321. — I. hrevicomu. Am. 1. c. I. gib- 
hosa, Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. pp. 468, 469. ? I. Leschencmltii, Wight, 
Icon. t. 970 bis.'-c.T. 140 (455). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 

Erecta, l-S-pedalis. Petala rosea, divergentia, lobis subsequilongis, posteriore 
parum latiore, emarginato. Capsula glabrse. 

A very common, and also a very variable species, and the flowers are frequently 
quite ecalcarate. The scattered, brittle, yellow pubescence sometimes upon the 

K 



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66 . ENUMEBATiON OF IBalsaminea. 

plant, would seem to be of an abnormal character, and perhaps the absence or re- 
duced size of thie spur arises from disease or injury. /. Letchenaultii of Dr. Wight's 
* Icones/ closely resembles some states of the present j hvX in that the petals appear 
to be approximated, whilst in this they are divergent. 

7. Z. tnmcata, Thw. ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, denticula- 
tis, sparse utrinque pilosis, basi angustata petioloque parce ^landuloso- 
setigeris ; pedicellis 1-3-nis, tenuibus, una cum alabastris pilosis, foliis 
brevioribus; sepaUs lateralibtis minutis, lanceolatis, posteriore multo 
majore, rotundato, cuspidato, anteriore hoc eequilongo, cuspidato, con- 
cavo, calcare recto, brevi, cylindrico, truncato; petalis approximatis, 
insequaliter bilobis, lobo anteriore multo majore, subsemioirculari ; cap- 
sulis junioribus pilosis. — c.p. 2426. 

Var. p, suhglahra ; planta fere tota glabra. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Herbacea, 1-2-pedalis, basi decumbens, radicans. BamuH rufescentes.. Folia 1-2 
poll, longa, \-\\ poll, lata, subtus pallidiora, petiolo i-li poll, longo. Flores pal- 
Bde rosei, ezteme rufescentes, petalorum lobis basi rufo-tinctis. 

Apparently very closely allied to /. inconspictia, Benth., Wight, Icon. t. 970, but 
is distinguished by its alternate leaves, spurred flowers, and much smaller, lateral 
sepals. 

8. X. macrophyllay Gardner, MSS. ; Hook. Bot. Mag. 4662.— c.p. 
1212. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Sepala lateralia anguste oblonga, posteriore 3'4-plo breviora. F'etala lutea, sub- 
biloba, apice ezsecta, inclusa. 

Nearly allied to, and in its foliage closely resembling the next species, but dis- 
tinguished by its more numerous flowers, Sorter and less saccate lower sepal, and 
included petals. 

9. X. grlaadnlifera, Am. in Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. ii. 322. — L cor- 
ni^a. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4623, non Amr. — c.p. 2427. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

CatUie erectus, 4-6-pedaIis. Tolia majuscula, denticulata, longe petiolata. "Bedi' 
celli fasciculati, petioUs glanduloso-setigeris breviores. Sepala lateralia minuta, 
viridia; posterius cucullatum, viride, margine rufescente; anterius Inteo-rufescens, 
profunde «accatum, in calcar breve incnrvum apice incrassatum angustatum. Pe- 
tala rosea, lobis subsequalibus, rotundatis ; posteriore interne appendiculato ; ante- 
riore porrecto, exserto, apice emarginato. 

10. X. repens, Moon's Cat. ; Wight, Illust. i. 160. t. 61 ; Walp. 1. c. 
p. 469.— c.p. 2790. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

Sect. 3. — Foliis altemis; pedtmculis flares pltires gererUibus. 

11. X. l^alkeH, Hook. (Am. 1. c. p. 324. 1. 18 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 471.)— 
c.p. 1211. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of. 4000 to 6000 feet. 

12. X. Hookeriana, Am. 1. c. p. 324 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 471.—/ J. grandis, 
Heyne; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. (ed. W^ich) ii. 464.— c.p. 2425. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet, 
I strongly suspect that this beautiful species is identical with /. grandis, Heyne. 
It varies a good deal in the shape of the lateral sepals, and in the size and colour of 
the flowers, which latter are either quite white or more or less blotched with pale or 
deep blood-colour. 



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BaUaminea.] CETLON plants. 67 

13. X. elon^ta, Am. 1. c. p. 324 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 473.— c.p. 436 (453). 
Hab. Near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Flores rnbri. Petalorum lobus posterior parvus, sepalis lateralibus eequilougus ; 

anterior molto major, oblique rotundatus, obtusus. 

14. X. snbcordata, Arn. 1. c. p. 323 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 471.— c.p. 1230 

and 2789. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Herbacea, l>2-peda]i8, basi decumbens, radicans. Folia li-2f poll, longa, }-li 
poll, lata, petiolo f~2 poll, longo. Flores albidi, sepalis lateralibus posterioreque 
rubescentibus. 

15. X. corni^era^ Am. 1. c. p. 323 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 473.— C.P. 332. 
Hab. Wara[ier parts of the island, at no great elevation, in damp, 

shady woods. 

Glaberrima. Caulis simplex, i-2-pedali8. Folia pallide vel nigro-viridia, ssepe 
ad costam albido-areolata, sobtus pallida vel rufo-plumbea, petiolo mediocri. Flores 
citrini, plus minus viridi vel rubro tincti. Sejjala lateralia parva, ovata, subcor- 
data, acuminata ; posterius rotundaturo, subcncullatum, apiculatum ; anterius in 
calcar longnm subcylindricum apice attenuato sursum arete uncinato productum. 
Petalorum lobus posterior minutus ; anterior multo major, subquadratus, pedicello 
sequiloogo suffultus. 

16. X. Amottii| Thw. ; folii's ovato-lanceolatis, acnminatis, crenatis, 
denticnlatis, supeme sparsissime pilosis, subtus glabns, basi angustatis, 
petiolo eglanduloso ; sepalis lateralibus parvis, cordatis, valde obliquis, 
obtuse apiculatis, anteriore in calcar gracile incurvum sensim attenua- 
tum flore duplo longius producto ; petalorv/m loho posteriore parvo, an- 
teriore multo majore, subsemicirculare, pediceUato, porrecto. — c.p. 725. 

Hab. Central Province,' at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet ; not 
common. 

E^rsecedente valde affinis similisque, sed sepalorum lateralium, calcaris petalorum- 
que forma satis differt. — Flores rubro-purpurei, medio luteo-tincti. Capsula 1-3- 
spermse. 

17. X. linearis, Am. 1. c. p. 323 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 473.— cp. 372. 
Hab. Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

18. I. appendiculatai Am. 1. c. p. 323 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 473. 

Var. a. — II, Candida^ Lindl. Bot. Eeg. new series, vol. xiii. ; Misc. 
85. n. 204; Walp. 1. c. p. 475.— c.p. 1207. 

Var. i3.— c.p. 1208. 

Var. y ; foliis majoribus, pilosioribus. — c.p. 1209. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, at an elevation of 
2000 to 5000 feet. 

Species valde variabilis. Folia ad caulis ssepissime simplicis apicem aggregata, vel 
sparsa, ^6 poll, longa, subglabra vel pilosa. Flores albidi vd pallide rosei, sepalo 
anteriore transverse rubro-striato. Petalorum lobus posterior parvus, lanceolatus, 
longe caudatus ; anterior major, semicordatus, acuminatus. 

19. X. lencantha, Thw. ; herbacea, pusilla, simplex ; foliis ad caulis 
apicem approximatis, lanceolatis, acuminatis, denticulatis, parce pilosis, 
versus basm petioloque subalato glanduloso-setigeris ; sepalo anteriore 
in calcar SBquilongum rectum conicum apice (siccum).8ubabrupte at- 
tenuatum producto ; petalorum loho posteriore parvo, lanceolato, ante- 
riore multo majore, inaequaliter 3-partito, apicibus rotimdatis. — c.p. 
3548. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Kittool Galle. 



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68 B17UMBBATION OF l2k/joph^llea, 

A praecedeute, cui valde similis affinisqQe, calcaris petalorumqae forma prsBcipue 
differt. F/ores albi, sepalo anteriore rufo-guttato. 

20. Z. janthina, Thw. ; herbacea, pusilla, simplex, glaberrima ; foliis 
1-4, ssepissinie caulem terminantibus, membranaceis, ovatis vel rotun- 
datis, acuminatis, denticulatis, petiolo eglanduloso ; sepalis later alihus 
minoribus, oblongis, subacutis, posteriore rotundato, cucullato, ante- 
riore inftindibuliformi, in calcar aequilongum sensim attemiatuin incur- 
vatum producto ; petalorum lohis subsequalibus, posteriore acuto, ante- 
riore subrotundato, obtuso. — c.p. 3003. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Pasdoon Corles, at no great elevation ; rare. 
. Folia 1-4 poll, longa, |-3 poll, lata, petiolo ^-2 poll, longo. Pedicelli pollicares, 
ad pedunculi elongati apicem in racemum brevem aggregati ; bracteis ovaUbus, per- 
sistentibus. ' Flores violacei, 6-8 lin. in exp. Capsulee polyspermse. 

21. X. acaialisi Am. 1. c. p. 325.— .? 7. rivalis, Wight, Icon. t. 751. — 
c.p. 490 (2595). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet, on wet 
rocks; abundant. 

Folia rotundata, ovata vel lanceolata, petiolo nifescente eeqnilonga vel mnlto bre- 
viora, parce pilosa vel subglabra. Scapi rufescentes. Flores rubri, 1-li poll, in 
exp., calcare sequilongo vel parum longiore. Petalorum lobi sequilongi ; anterior 
latior, oblique truncatus vel emarginatus. 

Dr. Wight's /. rivalisy figured with the anterior lobes of the petals bipartite, is 
probably only a form of the present species. 1. scaptflora^ Heyne, is described by 
Roxburgh as having a spur several inches in length, and therefore must certainly be 
different both from this and from the 7. scapiflora of Wight's * Icones,* t. 967. 

2. HYDROCERA, Blmne. 

1. H. triflora, W. et A. Prod. i. 140, cum syn.— c.p. 1210. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, in watery places ; very abundant. 

XLVni. PITTOSPOEEiE. 
1. PITTOSPOBUM, Sol. 

1. P. Ceylaaictun, Wight, Ulust. i. 173.—.^ P.floribundum, W. et A. 
Prod. i. 154. ? Celastrus verticillatuSf Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. 391. ? Senacia 
Napaulensis, DC. Prod. i. 347. — c.p. 476. 

Hab. Oova District, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. Nom. 
vidg. " Katteya-gass." 

Arbor mediocris, 15-20-pedali8. Folia oblongo-lanceolata, cuneata, apice sub- 
acnta vel rotundata, glabra, 3-4 poll, longa, f-1 poll, lata, petiolo circiter \ poD. 
longo. Floret albidi. Ovantim puosum. Sty/us cylindricus, glaber. Capsula uni- 
locnlares, viridi-fuscescentes. 

2. P. tetraspemmm, W. et A. Prod. i. 154; Wight, Icon. t. 971.— 
c.p. 572 (685). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet, on the 
banks of streams. 

• XLIX. ZYGOPHYLLE^. 
1. TBIBULUS, Tourn. 
1. T. terrestriBy Linn. (Walp. Eep. ii. 822, cum syn.) — T. lanuginosus. 



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XwMoxylacecB.'] obylov piiAKTB. 69 

Linn. ; DC. Prod. i. 704, cum syn. ; Wiglit, Icon. t. 98 ; lUust. p. 164. 
— c.p. 1262. 

Hab. North of the island, Ga/rdmer, 

L. XANTHOXTLACILS:. 
1. XANTHOXYLON, Linn. 

1. X. Bhetsa, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 148, omn syn.)— c.p. 3490. 
Hab. Central Province, W. H. Wright, Esq.; near Colombo, W. 

FergvLson, Esq, Nom. vulg. " Kattoo-keena-gass." 

This tree ao precisely corresponds with Roxburgh's description, that there can be 
no doubt of its being the Fagara Rhetsa of that author. 

2. X. triphyUum, Juss. (Wight, Illust. i. 169 ; Icon. t. 204.)--X. 
Zeylanicum, DC. Prod. i. 728, cum syn. Evodia triphylla, DC. 1. c. 
p. 724, cum syn.— c.p. 638, 2501. 

Var. ^ ; foliis dimtatis, 5-foliolati8. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. Var. fi. Near 
Ratnapoora. Nom. vulg. " Loonoo-ankenda-gass." 
. .3. X. tetraspermnm, W. et A. Prod. i. 148.— C.P. 386. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Frutex scandens, aculeatus. Folia impari-pinnata, racW acnleata. Foliola 2-8- 
juga, cum impari, subsessilia, costulis ssepissime aculeatis. Floret parvi, abortu 
dioici, tetrameri, albidi, roseo-tincti. Masc. Petala oblonga, acuta, calycis segmentis 
multo longiora. Stamina in lobis disci ovarium abortivum cingentis inserta. Ovarii 
abort, loborum apices recurrato-nncinati. 

2. TODDALIA, Juss. 

1. T. acnleata, Pers. (W. et A. Prod. i. 149, cum Bjn,)—T.,floribundu, 
Wall. Plant. As. Ear. ii. 17. t. 232; Wight, Illust. i. 169. t. 66.— c.p. 
1260, 2413 (1261). 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
** Koodoomirris-wel." 

A most variable plant, as regards the shape and size of the leaflets, the extent of 
aculeation, and the amonnt of the red pnbescence with which the younger parts are 
clothed. The large-based acnlei are common to the stems of all the varieties, and 
therefore furnish no character for their separation. 

3. CYMINOSMA, G«rtn. 

1. O. pednncidata, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 147, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. i. 166. t. 66.)— c.p. 1249. 

Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. " An- 
kenda-gass." 

Nuculania rotundata, 5-7 lin. in diam., albida. 

4. AILANTHUS, Desf. 

1. A. Kalabariciuii DC. Prod. ii. p. 89, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 1604.— c.p. 3456. 

Hab. Near Colombo, Mr. W. Ferguson ; district of the Seven Corles. 
Nom. vulg. " Koombaloo-gass," " Wal-biling-gass." 

Brucea Sumatrana^ Koxb., is become a troublesome weed, but it does not appear 
to be indigenous. 



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70 BNTTHBBATION OF lOchnooea. 

LI. SIMAEUBEJS. 

1. SAMADEBA, Gsertn. 

1. S. Zndica, G»rtn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 151, cum syn.)— c.p. 2766. 

Hab. South of the island; not uncommon. Nom. vulg. " Samadara- 
gass." 

The root of this plant is used as a medicine by the Cinghaleae, and so also is the 
fruit. 

LII. OCHNACE^. 

1. OCHNA, Linn. 
(Nom. vulg. " Mal-kaara-gass.") 

1. O. Bqnarrosai Linn. (Wight, Ulust. i. 172. t. 69 ; Eoxb. Cor. i. 
t. 89.)— c.p. 1223. 

Kab. Batticalqa and Jaffna, Gardner, 

2. O. cordata, Thw. ; foliis ellipticis vel obovatis, obtusis, dentatis, 
basi cordatis; racemis ramulos foliosos terminantibus, brevibus, 3-6- 
floris ; sepalis 3-6 ; pet alls ca/rpellisque circiter 7. — c.p. 1222. 

Hab. Jaffna, Grordner. 

Folia 1-2 poll, longa, i-li lata, petiolo circiter 1 lin. longo. Pedieelli polli- 
cares, prope basin articulati. PetiUa rotundata, longe nngnicnlata, f poll, longa. 
Anthera filamentis plus quam duplo longiores. Stigma capitatum. 

But for the cordate base of the leaves I should have referred this, without much 
doubt, to the 0. obtusata, DC, but that author would scarcely have passed over, un- 
noticed, so striking a characteristic of the present species. I have not sufficient ma- 
terials to give so detailed a description as would be desirable. 

3. O. BSoonii, Thw.— O. squarrosa, Moon's Cat. ; foliis lanceolatis, 
utrinque angustatis, denticulatis, venis venuliscnie prominentibus ; 
racemis 6-12-floris, ramulos inferiores breves denuoatos terminantibus ; 
pedicellis floribus subduplo longioribus, ad partem inferiorem tertiam 
vel quartam articulatis. — c.p. 1224. 

Var. P; foliis minoribus, utrinque subobtusis. — c.p. 2554. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Var. /3. Jaffna, Gardner. 

Folia 3-7 poll, longa, 1^2 poll, lata, petiolo circiter 1 lin. longo. Flores 4^-5 
lin. longi. Petala 5, oblonga, sepalis sequilonga. Anthera filamentis subduplo 
longiores. Carpella 6-7. 

4. O. rufescens, Thw. ; ^bfow Janceolatis, acuminatis, argute denta- 
tis, nitidis, conspicue et minutissime venulosis, basi angustatis ; racemis 
6-12-floris, ramulos inferiores breves denudatos terminantibus; pedi- 
cellis floribus subtriplo longioribus, prope basin articulatis. — c.p. 3455. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle, at an elevation of about 1000 feet. , 

Folia 4-6 poll, longa, circiter H poll, lata, petiolo 2 lin. longo, juniora rufescentia. 

Flores 8-3^ lin. longi. Carpella 7-8. 
Closely allied to the preceding, but distinguished by its much smaller flowers, and 

the relatively much shorter inferior articulation of the pedicel. In many respects 

it would seem to resemble the 0. nitida, Thunb., also said to occur in Ceylon, but 

the character of the inflorescence is different. 

6. O. IVightiana, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 152: P Wight, Icon. 



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CelastracetB,'] cbylok plants. 71 

t. 223.)— O. Heyneana, W. et A.,1. c. O. Walkerii, Planchon, Hook. 
Lond. Joum. v. 663 ; Walp. Ann. i. 180.— c.p. 1221. 

TTab. fiot, drier parts or the island, at no great elevation. 

Folia 1-2 poll, longa, ^-f lata, petiolo 1 lin. longo. Fedicelli 4-7 lin. longi, 
prope medium articnlaii. Flora 8^-4 lin. longi. 

2. GOMPHIA, Schreb. 

1. O. ane^nstifolU, Vahl, (W. et A. Prod. i. 153, cnm syn. ; et, fere 
sine dubio, WalTcera serrata, Willd. DC. Prod. i. 737, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 2412. 

Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 3bOO feet. Nom. vulg. " Bo- 
kaara-gass." 

The wood of this tree, which grows to the height of thirty feet, is useful for build- 
ing purposes. 

LIII. STAPHTLEACEiE. 

1. TURPINIA, Ventn. 

1. T. Nepalensis, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 166 ; Wight, Icon. t. 972.) 
—c.p. 218 (663, 669). 

Var. ^. montana; florihus majoribns, paucioribns. — ? T, pomifera, 
DC. Prod. ii. p. 3, cum syn. 

Hab. Yar. a. Common in the warm, moister parts of the island. 
Var. p occurs abundantly in more elevated situations, up to 6000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Xankoombala-gass," " Attakirilla-gass." 

SHpuUs interpetiolares triangulares, cito decidnee. Nueulania firma, subglobosa, 
viridia, nigro-purpurascentia, deinde dnerascentia, i-1 poll, in diam. 

The extreme forms of this plant might easily be taken for two distinct species ; 
but this is another instance of an elevated humid locality producing a form with fewer 
and larger flowers than are exhibited in the same species when growing nearer the 
level of the sea. 



LIV. CELASTEACKS:. 

Sect. 1. Ovarium Itberv/m vel gubliberum. 

1. PLEUBOSTYUA, W. et A. 

1. P. "W^blii, W. et A. Prod. i. 167, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 166.— C.P. 329. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to no great elevation. 

2. MICBOTBOPIS, WaU. 

Semina exarillata ; testa oolorata. 

1. M. "Wallichiana, Wight, MSS. ; foliis obovato- vel oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, acuminatis, petiolatis ; florihus axiUaribus ramulinisque, sub- 
sessilibus, confertis.— c.p. 43 (202, 374, 402). 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province and Safiragam, at an eleva- 
tion of 2000 to 5000 feet ; abundant. 



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72 BNiTMSBi.TioN OF \_Cela8trace€B* 

Arbor raecUocris. Jb/w glabra, 2i-6 poll, longa, 1-8 poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. 
. longo. 

This would appear to differ from M. garoimafolia. Wall. (Wight, Icon. t. 761), 
principally in its subsessile, more numerous flowers, and it will probably prove to 
be merely a variety of that species. 

2. W. ramiflora, Wiffbit, Icones, t. 977.— c.p. 148, 1228. 

Var. i3 ; foliis minoribas, oblongo-lanceolatis, basi angustatis. 

Hab. Abundant at Nevrera EUia and other of the more elevated 
parts of the Central Province. Var. ^ occurs in rather dry situations. 

Folia i-3 poll, longa, i-2 poll, lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. FeduncuU \-2 
lin. longi. 

This, like the preceding, is a very variable species, the size, form, and texture of 
the leaves being modified according to the kind of situation in which it occurs. 
Var. i8 bears a considerable general resemblance to M. microcarpa, Wight, Icones, 
t. 976, but I have never seen the Ceylon plant with the peduncles and pedicels so 
elongated as represented in that figure. 

3. KUBBIMIA, WaU., Amott. 

Bhesa, Ham., Am., Endlich. Bhesa, Walpers. 

Ovarium liberum, 2-loculare ; loculis 2-ovalatis. Ovula basi affixa, 
erecta, collateralia. Capsula 1-locularis, bivalvis, 1-2-sperma. Semina 
erecta, arillo camoso. 

1. K. Ceylanica, Arn. Pug. x. 328.— c.p. 1226. 

Var. /3. montana ; paniculis minus elongatis ; fiorihus majoribus. — 
c.p. 409. 

Hab. Var. a. In warm, moister parts of the island. Var. i3. Central 
Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Palang," 
" Hoorakandoo,'* and " Alareya-gass." 

Arbor magna. Bamuli teretes, glabri ; juniorum apices acuti, stipulis magnis 
circumvolutis cito deciduis tecti. Folia glabra, 3-6 poll, longa, ^3 poll, lata, 
petiolo i-li poll, longo. Flores parvi, pallide virides. Capsula oblongse, camoso- 
coriacese, f poll, longte, rufescentes. Semina oblonga, fere^ad apicem arillo camoso 
albido inclusa ; testa membranacea, brunnea. 

4. CEIiASTBUS, linn. 

, 1. O. panidOata, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 168, cum syn. ; Wight, 
lUust. i. 172. t. 72 ; Icones, t. 168.)— c.p. 1232. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Sect. 2. — Ovariwm disco immersvm et cum eo consolidatum. 
6. CATHA, Forsk. 

1. O. emarg^ata, G. Don. — Celastrus emarginatus, Willd. ; W. et 
A. Prod. i. p. 160, cum syn. — c.p. 1236. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Deya-eringoo." 

2. O. fruticosa, Thw. ; foliis parvis, oblongo-spathulatis vel sub- 
trapezoideis, crenato-serratis, glabris, petiolatis, subtus pi-ominenti- 
reticulatis ; corymhis axillaribus, multifloris, folio brevioribus. — c.p. 
3386. 



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ShamnaceaJ] cbtloh flahtb. 73 

Hab. Banks of the Mahawelliganga, near I^'awalapittya, in the 
Central Froylnce. • 

FnUex inermis, d-lO-pedalis. BamuH angulosi. Folia \-\\ poU. loDga, 4-7 
lin. lata, petiolo drciter 1 lin. longo. Flores parvi, 1 lin. in exp. Feta/a 5» albida. 
Stylus brevis. Stigmata 8, brevia, recurvata. Capsula S-locolares, pisi magnita- 
dine, rubiginosas, transverae striatse. Semina coccinea, nitida ; arillo panro, albido. 

6. EVONYMTJS, Linn. 

1. S. rerolntiui, Wiffht, Ulust. L 178; Walp. Eep. i. 631.— c.P. 679. 
Hab. Newera and otner very elevated parts of the island. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia oppodta vel tema, sepe rotandata. Floret virides, pur- 
pnrascentes. 

2. B. dichotomiui, Heyne, (W. et A. Prod. i. 160, cum syn.)— c.p. 171. 
Hab. Gralagama, on the banks of streams. 

3. B. l^lTalkerii, Wight, 1. c. ; Walpers, 1. c. — JE. Zeylanicus, Moon, 
Cat. p. 17.— C.P. 478. 

Hab. Yery abundant in the southern and central parts of the island, 
up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Closely alMed to the preceding, from which it differs principally in its shorter 
petioles and flower-stalks. 

7. GLYPTOPETALUM, Thw. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. vol. viii. (1856) p. 267. t. 7 B, 

Flares tetrameri. Petala supeme bifoveolata. Antherarum loculi 
ad apicem connectivi maximi mnati siti, basi divergentes. Ovarium 
pyramidato-tetra^onum, 4-loculare. Ovula in locuHs singida, ab apice 
pendula. Capstius rotundatse, 1-4-spermffi. Semina ariUata. 

1. a. Zeylanicnm, Thw. 1. c— C.P. 689. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Folia opposita, lanceolate serrata, glabra, 4^-6 poll, longa, li-2i poU. lata ; 
petiolo i poll, longo. Cymarum supra-axillarinm pedunculi \-l\ poll, longi ; 
peeiicelli divaricati, i poll, longi. F/ores albido-yirescentes, 4 lin. lati. . Semina i 
polL longa, ovoidea ; arillo mbro ultra medinm attingente ; testa flavo-rofescente. 

8. EUBODENDBON, Jacq. 

1. S. grlavumm, Pers. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. (Wallich) ii. 432, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 1227. 

Var. /3. montanum ; floribus nuculaniis(\}ie majoribus. — c.p. 2620. 

Hab. Var. a. Hot, drier parts of the island. Var. /3. Central Pro- 
vince, at an elevation of 3000 to 4600 feet. 

I can find nothing to distinguish the two varieties of this species except the larger 
flowers and fruit of var^)3, and the petioles of this form are usually somewhat shorter 
than in var. a. 

LV. RHAMNACEiE. 

1. ZIZYPHUS, Toum. 

1. Z. rugoBtk, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 162, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 339.)— c.p. 2719. 

L 



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74 lBirrKEBi.Tioir ow [Bhamncicea. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom* vnlg. 
" MaLa-erraminya.** • 

2. Z. icjlovjrK, Willd. (W. et A., 1. c. cmn syn.)— c.p. 124S. 
Hab. Hot, drier part€ of the island. 

3. 25. Jujttba, Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. j Wight, Icon. t. 99.)—c.p. 1242. 
Hab. Anooradhapoora, Gar drier, 

4. Z. GBnoplia, Mill. (W. et A., l.o. p. 163.)— C.P. 1240. 

Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 3000 feel. Nom. vulg. " Erra- 
minya-wel." 

5. Z. lucida. Moon, Cat. p. 17 ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, crenato- 
serrulatis, obtuse' acuminatis, minute apiculatis, basi oblii^uis, 3-5- 
nerviis, transverse paraUelo-venulosis, glabris, petiolo nervisque pu- 
bescentibus ; cymis lolio multo brevioribus, tomentosis ; st^/lis 3-4, ad 
medium coalitis. — ? Z, horrida. Both, nov. sp. p. 169.— c.p. 1241. 

Hab. Matele, Moon ; Komegalle District, abundant. 

Fruticosa. Hamuli teretes, nigrescentes, jnniores tomentosi ; aculeis solitarus 
vel binis. Folia 2-3 poll, loiiga, \-\^ poU. lata, petiolo 3 lin. longo. Ovarium 
8-4-loculare. Nuculania globosa, circiter 8 lin. in diam., carnosa, viridi-purpora- 
scentia, 2-4-sperma ; putamine osseo, rugidoso. 

It is difficidt to surmise what can be the Rhamnus Napeca^ Linn. Fl. Zejl. 87» 
the description of which agrees tolerably well with the characters of the present 
plant, except as regards the number of styles, which seems decisive against their 
being identical. 

2. BEBCHEMIA, Neck. 

1. B. parriflora, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 163, cum syn. j Wight, 
Icones (19), t. 613.)— c.p. 2477. 

Hab. Maturate l)istrict, in the Central Province, up to an elevation 
of 3000 feet ; not common. 

In my specimens the leaves are oblong-lanceolate, and not cordate at the base as 
in Dr. Wight's figure, but in other respects the characters correspond. 

3. VBNTILAOO, Gortn. 

1, V. Maderaspatana, Grsertn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 164, cum syn. ; 
Wkht, Icones, t. 163.)— c.p. 1236. 

Hab. Common in tne hot, drier parts of the island, up to an eleva- 
tion of 1600 feet. 

4. BHAMNUS, Linn. 

1. R. "VITisbtii, W. et A. Prod. i. 164, cum syn. j Wight, Icones, 
1. 169.— C.P. 2626. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other of the most elevated parts of the 
Central Province. 

2. R. AmottiaauBi Gardn. MSS. ; foliis glabris, ovato-lanceolatis, 
crenatis, glandulose serrulatis, obtuse acuminatis, supeme depresso- 
reticulatis y pedunculis unifloris, asdllaribus, temis, puberulis, petiolo 
supeme puberulo longioribus ;j>etalis nullis. — c.p. 201. 

Hab. Most elevated parts ot the Central Province. 

Jrbor parva. Hamuli juniores pnberuli. Folia 1^-2} poll, longa, i-^li poU. 



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Ihrebinthaoea,'} OBTioir plahw. 75 

lata, petiole 2-1 tin. longo. SHpuia Uneari-IanoeolatsB, 2i Un. longsB, baai interne 
glandolosse, cito deciduee ; glandulis minntis, erectis, daratis, rnbris, persistentibns. 
CafycU lacinia 4, acntse, exteme pilosea. Stamina 4, filamentis brevibus. Styli 2-8, 
basi eoatiti. Nuculania pisi parvi magnitadine, nigro-pnrporea. 

5. SCUTIA, Comm. 

1. 8. Zndica, Bron^. (W. et A. Prod. i. 166, cum syn. ; Wight, 
niust. 180. t. 73.)--c.p. 1233. 

Hab. Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

6. COLUBBINA, Eich. 

1. O. AiOaticft, Brongn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 166, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ulust. 180. t. 74.)— C.P. 1239. 

Hab. North of the island, Oardaier, 

7. OOUANIA, Jacq. 

1. O. mierocarpa, DC. (W. et A. Prod.i. 167, cum syn.)— c.P. 1238. 
Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

LVI. TEEEBINTHACE^. 

1. MANGIFEBA9 Linn. 

1. M. Zndiea, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 170, cum syn.)— o.p. 1256, 
2614. 

Hab. Abundant, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. ** Amba-" 
and " Attamba-gass. 

2. ANACABDIXTlff, Eottb. 

1. A. occidentale, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 168, cum syn.) 
Hab. Naturalized in some of the warmer parts of the isliuid. Nom. 
vulg. " Cadjoo-gass." 

3. SEMECABPIJS, Linn. 
Sect. 1. Panicula ramulos termhtantes. 

1. 8. snbpeltatay Thw. ; foliis magnis, ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
glabris, coriaceis, nitidis, subpeltatis ; drupis transverse oblongis, parce 
compressis, dimidio inferiore hypocarpio* magno camoso subreni- 
formi tectis. — c.P. 3004. 

Hab. Singhe-rajah and other forests between Batnapoora and GaJle. 
Nom. vulg. " Mahia-badoolla-gass." 

jfr&TT magna, 30--40-pedalis. lolia 10-15 poll, longa, 4-6i poll, lata; petioh 



* The fleshy strncture on which the drupe in this genus rests, and for which I 
propose the name of hypocarpiurn, can hardly be called a " torus incratsatus,** as it 
is rather an enlargement of the base of the o^yz. 



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76 BNUMBBATION OP ITorebinthocetg . 

crasso, 1^-2 poll, longo. Panicula magne, ramis patentibos. Drupa drciter } poll, 
in alt., li poU. m max. lat. 

2. S. Oardneri, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis vel oblongo-lanceolatis, acu- 
minatis, glabris ; petiolo longiusculo ; drwpis oblique oblongis, parce 
oompressis, dimidio inferiore hypocarpio magno canioso cnpuliformi 
tectis.— o.p. 1257, 2940. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " BadooUa-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 4^-13 poll, longa, li-4 poll, lata ; petiolo crassiuscnlo, 
^2 poll, longo. Panicula folio snbffiquilongee. Brwpa circiter 9 lin. longse, 
hypocarpio circit^ 7 lin. lato. 

3. S. obsctura, Thw. ; foliis glabris, ovato-oblongis, obtusis, basi 
cuneatis, supeme nitidis ; petiolo brevi, vix inerassato ; drupis (imma- 
turis) oblongis, dimidio inil^riore hypocarpio cupuliformi camoso tectis. 
—c.p. 2556. 

Hab. Deltotte, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Folia 3-4 poll, longa, li-lj poll, lata, petiolo circiter 3 lin. 
longo. Panicula folio subeequilongee. 

4. S. oblong^olia, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, apice rotundatis 
vel obscure obtuse acuminatis, basi cuneatis, petiolo basi inerassato ; 
drupis oblongs, parce obliquis compressisque, apiculatis, hypocarpio 
(sicco) angustiore poculiformi suffultis. — / 8, IZeylanica, Blume, Mus. 
Bot. tugd.-Bat. p. 189.— c.p. 1268. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 3000 feet ; 
common. Nom. vulg. " BadooUa-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia SJ-O poll, longa, 1-21 poll, lata, petiolo 4-6 lin. longo. 
Urupa nnce a?ellana parum majores. 

This species a good deal resembles S. obscura, bnt differs in its less coriaceous and 
paler leaves, and mnch smaller hypocarp. 

6. S. nig^ovirid^By Thw. \ foliis glabris, obovatis vel oblongis, obtuse 
brevi-acuminatis, basi an^ustatis, petiolo basi inerassato ; drupis rotun- 
datis vel obcordatis, obliquis, compressis, uncinato-apiculatis, hypo- 
carpio (sicco) angustiore poculiformi compresso su£[ultis. — c.p. 631, 
2444 (641, 2586). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. ^ Folia intense viridia, 2i-6 poll, longa, li-2i poll. lata» 
petiolo 3-8 lin. longo. Drupa 8-1 lin. in max. diam. 

Distinguished from the preceding species by its differently-shaped and darker- 
coloured leaves and larger, more compressed drupes. From S. obscura it differs 
principally in the shape of the fruit and the smaller hypocarp. 

6. S. acuminatai Thw. ; foliis glabris, ovato- vel oblongo-lanceolatis, 
longe acuminatis, basi angustatis, petiolo parum inerassato ; drupis ob- 
cordatis, compressis, valde obliquis, uncinato-acuminatis, hypocarpio 
(sicco) multum angustiore pocuhrormi elongatulo suflPultis.— c.p. 2676. 

Hab. Forests in the Batnapoora, GaUe, and Ambagamowa Districts, 
at no great elevation. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 4-12 poll, longa, li-2i lata, petiolo 4-10 lin. longu. 
Drupa 1 poll, longse, f poll, in max. diam., hypocarpio i poU. longo. 

Resembling S. Gardneri in many respects, but distinguished from it by its less 
coriaceous leaves, smaller panicles, and very differently-shaped fruit. 

7. S. coriaeeai Thw. ; foliis glabris, obovatis vel obovato-oblongis, 



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Terehiwthacea,^ Obtlok pIiAKTS. 77 

Talde coriaceis, apioe rotondatiB rel obscure obtuse aouminatis, basi 
plus minus angustatis, petiolo co«^aque robustis ; paniculis folio bre- 
vioribus, rache brevi, ramis interrupte spicseformibus ; drupis obcor- 
datis, oblic^uis, compressis, mucronulatis ; hypocarpio (sicco) mediocri, 
poculiformi. — c.p. 313, 636. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 3^-7 poll, longa, \\-Z\ poll, lata, petiole 2-5 lin. longo. 
Drupa 8 lin. in alt., 11 lin. in max. lat., hypocarpio 4i lin. longo. 

8. 8. parvifolia, Thw. ; foliif glabris, ovato-oblongis, abrupte obtuse 
acnminatis vel apioe rotundatis, basi angustatis, coriaoeis ; petiolo su- 
perne sulcato, non incrassato ; paniculw ramis racemiformibus, pauci- 
noris ; drupis (immaturis) elongato-conicis, uncinato-acuminatis, parce 
ohhauia, hvpocatpio subse^uilato poculiformi sufiultis.— c.p. 3444. 

Hab. ^nidoon Corle, m the ualle District. IS'om. vulg. ** Heen- 
badoolla-gass." 

jirbor mediocris. Folia li-8i poll, longa, |-li poll, lata, petiolo S-6 lin. longo. 

9. S. BSooniiy Thw. ; foliis magnis, glabris, coriaceis, lanceolatis, 
brevi-acuminatis, basi angustatis, brevi-petiolatis ; d/rupis (immaturis) 
obliquis, oblongis, compressis, apiculatis, hypocarpio mediocri.— c.p. 
3338. 

Hab. South of the island, at no great elevation. 
Arbor mediocris. Folia 6-1 2 poll, longa, 2-5 poll, lata, petiolo 1-8 lin. longo. 
Fanicula eldngats, mnltifloree. 

10. 8. oborata, Moon, Cat. p. 22 ; foliis glabris, supeme nitidis, 
obovatis, apice rotundatis vel abrupte obtuse acuminatis, ad basin an- 
gustatam rotundatis vel subcordatis, brevi-petiolatis ; drupis (immaturis) 
oblongis, parce obliquis, apiculatis ; hypocarpio (sicco) angustiore, elon- 
gatulo. — c.p. 3339. 

Hab. Oaltura, Moon ; near Eatnapoora. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 8-7 poll. loDga, l}-5 poll, lata ; petiolo 1-2 lin. longo, 
incra^to. 

11. S. pnbescens, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi subro- 
tundatis, supeme (costa excepta) glabris, subtus cum costa petioloqae 
incrassato pubescentibus ; paniculis elongatis ; drupis parvis. — c.p. 163. 

Hab. Eatnapoora District, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva. Famuli elongati, teretes, pnbesoentes. Folia 5-18 poll, longa, 
li-3 poll, lata, petiolo i-1 poU. longo. Drupa oblongse, parce obliquee, circiter 
6 lin. longSB, 3 lin. lat«, hypocarpio brevi camoso cupuliformi subcequilato 
snffoltse. 

Sect. 2. PanictdcB oaulina, 

12. S. marginata, Thw. ; foliis magnis, lanceolatis, conspicue mem- 
branaceo-marginatis, acuminatis, ad basin angustatis cordatisque, 
petiolo valde incrassato ; paniculis caulinis, ramosis, deHcatulis, pilo- 
siusculis. — c.p. 2677. 

Var. a. glabra ; foliis glabris. 

Var. p. hirsuta; foliis subtus pilis patentibus, rigidis hirsutis. 

Hab. Damp forests in the Ghdle, Eatnapoora, and Ambagamowa 
Districts. 

Frutex erectos, 6-8-pedali8, parce ramosns. Folia 6-14 poll, longa, 2^-5 poll, 
lata, petiolo i-li poll, longo. Drupa ovoidese, obliqnse, parce compressse, circiter 



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78 EVJjusJUnov OF ITh^ehinthacea. 

4t lin. longaB, rofescentei, hypoetirpio eequilato dimidio bre?iore pocolifonni coc- 

4. GLYCYCABPUS, DalzeU. 

Hook. Joani, of Bot. vol. ii. (1850) p. 88. 

1. a. racemosa, Dalz. 1. c. ; Hook. Icon. PI. ix. t. 842.— o.P. 1260. 
Hab. Very common, np to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Bala-gafls.*^ 
Brupa matorse nigro-parporese. Cotyledones ssepissime parporeo-tinctse. 

6. BUCHANANIA, Eoxb. 

1. B. aafTUBafoUai Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 169, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 101.)— C.P. 471, 1255. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner; Galagama. 

Buchanania f Zet/lanica^ Bl. Mas. Bot. Lagd.-Bat. p. 185, is probablj a state of 
Mangtfera Indica, Lian., jadgiag from the aative aame he has givea of the plaat. 

6. CAMPNOSPEBMA, Thw. 

Hook. Joara. of Bot. toI. vi. p. 65. t. 1 A. Walpcrs, Aaa. vol. iv. p. 444. 

1. O. Zeylanicom, Thw., 1. c— O.P. 246. 

Hab. Safiragam and Ambagamowa Districts, generally on the banks 
of streams, up to an elevation of 1000 feet. 

7. ODINA, Eoxb. 

1. O. l^odier, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 171, cum syn.*; Wight, 
Icones, t. 60.)— c.p. 1161. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Hig- or Hik-gass." 

A considerable qaaatity of gam exades from the trank of this tree, which the na- 
tives ase as a medicinal plaster. 

8. EVIA, Comm. 

Blame, Mas. Bot. Lagd.-Bat. p. 284. Spofidias, Aact. (partim). 

' 1. E. amara, Oomm. (Blume, 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1263. 
Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Am- 
baraUa-gass." 

9. PBOTIUM, Burm. 

1. P. caadatmn, W. et A. Prod. i. 176.— c.p. 1261. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

10. SCUTINANTHB, Thw. 
Hook. Joara. of Bot. vol. viii. (1856) p. 266. t. S3, 
Mores abortu dioici. Calyx cupuliformis, camoso-ooriaceus, in seg- 



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Somalinea,'] CBYLON PLANTS. 79 

mentis 6 erectis yalratis ad medium dirisus, persistens. Corolla com 
calyce eequilonga ; petalis 5, erectis, valvatis, camoso-coriaceis, persis- 
tentibus. Stamina 10 ; filamentis in annnlum parte inferiore cum disco 
glanduloso intemo et basi calycis coroUseque consolidata cohserentibus, 
apice liberis ; antheris oblongis, introrsis, dorso affixis. Ovarium bilo- 
culare^ loculis biovulatis ; ovulis collateralibuB, axi affixis, amphitropis. 
Stylus brevissimus. Stigmu disciforme. Nuculania camosa ; putamine 
mediocri, osseo, abortu monospermo. Semen pendulum; testa mem- 
branacea ; cotyledonihus magnis, foliaceis, integris, plicato-rugosis ; ra* 
dicula parva. 

1. S. bronnaay Thw., 1. c— C.P. 1149. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Maha-booloomora-gass." 

Arbor 50-60-pedaU8. Bamulit cam foHis jonioribos, mfo-tomentosi. Folia im- 
pan-pinnata, 10-20 poll, longa, exstipulata ; petiolo sapeme snlcato, basi tnmido, 
striato ; foliolis 5-11, oblongis, parce obliquis, acaminatiB, integris, 4-8 polL longis, 
2-3 poll, latis, rofesceotibus, petiolulo 4 Im. longo. Fanicula aiiUares, multiflone, 
tomentosffi. Flores 8 lin. lati. Nuculania oblonga, mfo-tomentosa, utrinque at- 
teuoata, poUicaria. 

11. CANABITJM, Linn., 

1. O. Zeylanievm, Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p. 218, cum syn. — 
C balsamiferum, Moon, Cat. p. 68. — c.p. 2^9. 

Hab. Warm, moister parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Kaakoona-gass."' 

Stipula majusculse, petiolares, a raiAnlo panun distantes, breTi-stipitatse, obHqTue, 
rotnndato-sagittatac, cito decidaee. 

The resinous balsam, which exudes copiously from the trunk of this tree, is used 
by the natives for burning, after being mixed with paddy-chaff; and the smoke given 
off is reputed to drive away snakes from the domicile. 



LVII. CHAILLETIACKS:. 

1. MOACTJBBA, Soxb. 

1. M. iralonioidaB, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 69.— €.P. 1245. 

Var. ^ ; foliis subtus plus minus tomentosis. — c.p. 1231. 

Hab. Common in the moister parts of the island, and up to an eleva- 
tion of 3000 feet. 

I can find nothing to distinguish var. fi from the other form of this species but 
its usually greater luxuriance of growth, and the tomentum, which varies exceedingly 
in amount, upon the ramuli and the under surfiice of its leaves. 

Lvin. HOMALij^iLa:, 

1. BIiACKWEIiIiIAy Comm» 

1. B. Ceylanica, Grardner, Calcutta Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 
462.—^. Utra/nd/ra, Wight, Icones, 1. 1851.— c.p. 388. 

Hab. Moister parts of the island, up to an elevation of 8000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Leeyang-gass." 



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80 BNUMEBATION OF \_Connarac€(B. 

Arbor 30-40-pedali8 ; ramulis foliisfim junioribfta rubris. F/orum spica ssepis- 
sime y&lde elongatee, pendulse. 
The wood of this tree is strong, and oseful for building purposes. 



LIX. CONNAEACEiE. 

1. BOIJBEA, Aub. 

1. R. santaloides, W. et A. (Blmne, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p. 262, 
cum syn.) — c.p. 749. 

Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ke- 
rindi-wel.*' 

2. CONNABTIS, Linn. 

1. C. monocarpiui, Linn. (Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. p. 265, cum 
syn.)— c.p. 323. ^ 

Bjlb. Very abundant in the bot, drier parts of tbe island. I^om. 
irulg. "Eadaleya-gass." 

2. O. Championii, Tbw. ; ramulis foliisqiie novellis cum paniculis 
rufo-nigro-furfuraceis ; foliis 5-7-foliolati8 ; foliolis ellipticis, acumina- 
tis ; folliculis transverse rugulosis, glabris, subtruncato-obovatis, versus 
basin angustatis. — c.p. 2399. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Frutex scandens. Foliola 2^^ poll, longa, 1^-2^ poll, lata ; petiolulo incrassato, 
2^ lin. longo. Fanicularum rami oltimi racemiformes. Fedicelli breves. Calycia 
lacinia oblongse, externe farfaracesD. Fetala longiora, albida, rafo-punctata, parce 
pilosa. Stamina 10, basi coalita; 5 aatherifera, cum totidem plus quam dimidio 
brevioribus, antheris eifcetis altemantia. Ovarium rufo-pilosum. 

3. C. nnifoliolatos, Thw.; foliis glabris, petiolatis, 1-foliolatis ; fo' 
lioh elliptico vel ovato, abrupte acuminato, reticulato ; petiolulo krevi, 
tumido, rugulosulo ; paniculis parvis, axillaribus, 1-, 2-, vel 3-nis, ra- 
cemiformibus, pauci[floris. — c.p. 2443. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet ; rather 
rare. 

Arbor mediocris, 20-80-pedalis ; ramulis petiolisqxiG nigricantibus ; novellis fusco- 
pilosis. Foliola l|-3i poll, longa, 1-lf poll, lata; petiolulo 1 lin. longo, cum pe- 
tiolo 3 Hn. longo basi tumidulo articulato. Fanicula 4-7-florse, pallide fusco-hir- 
sutffi ; bracteolis linearibns, deciduis. Flores abortn dioici, pallide virides, circiter 
3 Un. in exp., brevi-pedicellati, cum paniculse ramorum apicibus articulati. Oalycis 
lacinia acutse, petalis externe pilosis plus quam dimidia breviores. Stamina basi 
coalita; 5 antherifera, cum totidem brevibus anautheris deotiformibus alternantia. 
Ovarium strigosum, in sty/um brevem attenuatum; stigmate dilatato. Folliculi 
(immatori) fulvo-tomentosi, arcuato-falcati, acuti, basi in stipitem longum attennati. 



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LeguminosceJ] cbtlon plants. 81 

LX. LEGUMINOS^. 

SuBORD. 1. FAPILIONACEM. 

1. HEYLANDIA, DC. 

1. H. latebrosa, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 180, cum syn.)— c.p. 1275. 
Hab. Abundant in the Badulla District. 

2. CBOTALABIA, Linn. 
(Nom. vemac. " Andanahiriya.") 

1. O. biflora, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 190, cum syn.)— c.p. 3325. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, Gardner, 

2. O. FTOBtrata, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 189, cum syn.)—c.p. 1266 
(jpartim). 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

3. O. fnmig^meay Grah. (Benth. Lond. Joum. of Bot. ii. 476, cum 
syn.)— c.p. 1265. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

4. O. erolTidoideBy W. et A. Prod. i. 188.— c.p. 1266 (partim), 
Hab. Ceylon. 

5. O. bifioia, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 188, cum syn. j Wight, Icones, 
t. 30.)— C.P. 3593. 

Hab. Central Province. 

6. O. moltiflora, Benth. 1. c. p. 478 ; Walp. Rep. v. 437.— cip. 1268. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. . 

7. O. 'Wif^htiana, Grah. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 181.—/ C. scabrella, W. 
et A.,^.c.)— c.p. 2772. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 
A very variable species, and I suspect that C. tcabrelkif W. et A., is only a form 
of it. 

8. O. ratosa^ Linn. (W. et A., 1. o. p. 187, cum syn.) — c.p. 1274. 
Hab. Very common, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. I^om. vulg. 

" £aha-andanahirya-gas8. 

9. O. Termcosa, Linn. (W. et A., 1, c. cam syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 200.)— C.P. 1273. 

Hab. Abundant, un to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. ** Nil- 
andanahirya," " Yak-oairiye.** 

1,0. O. semperflorenB, Ventn. (Walp. B«p. v. 439, cum syn.) — c.p. 12 
(280). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4O00 to 7000 feet. 

11. C. jnneaa, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 185, cum syn.) — c.p. 1264. 
Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 

" Hanna." 

The Cinghalese make cord of the strong fibre of this plant. 

12. O. lamaata, Heyne, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 183, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 480.)— c.p. 1270 (1271). 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 



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82 BNUMEBATiON OF [LeguminoMB. 

13. O. calycina, Schr. (Benth. 1. c. p. 564, cum syn. ; Walp. Eep. 
l.c. 441.)— c.p. 526. ^ 

Hab. Common on open, grassy places in the Central Province, at an 
elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

14. O. Mysorensis, Both, (Benth. 1. c. p. 566, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c.) 
—c.p. 3594. 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

15. O. albida, Heyne, (Benth. 1. c. p. 567, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. 442.) 
—c.p. 269 (2482). 

Hab. Central Province, in the Badulla and Maturatte Districts, at 
an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

16. O. linifoUa, linn. (Walp. 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1277. 
Hab. Near Gade, Gardner. 

17. O. nana, Burm. (W. et A., 1. o. p. 191, cum syn.)— c.p. 3301. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

18. O. umballata, Wight, (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 1276. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

If my specimens are correctly named, they approach almost too near to C. nana 
to be considered other than a variety of that species ; and C. umbellata is perhaps 
only the mountain form of C. nana. I find the seeds of the former fewer in num- 
ber, as wall as rather larger and more shining, than those of C. nana. 

19. O. medicajpnea, Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 192, cum syn.) — c.p. 1278. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 
This species varies extremely, sometimes occurring quite erect, and sparingly 

branched, with more numerous flowers, and with leaves a good deal larger than are 
seen on the procumbent seaside form. Can C. hernarundes, W. et A., and C. neg- 
lecta, W. et A., be forms of it P 

20. O. laburnifoUa, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 193, cum syn.)— c.p. 367. 
Hab. Very conmion, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vxdg. 

" Yak-baireya." 

21. O. quinqaefoliay linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 194, cum syn. ; var. tri- 
foUa.)^c.T. 1272. 

Hab. Bintenne, Gardner. 

22. O. striata, DC. (Walp. 1. c. p. 449, cum syn.)— c.p. 3608. 
Hab. Common on roadsides, in the Nandian District. 
Crotalaria incana, Linn. (c.p. 1269), is a common weed in the Botanic 

Garden, but, no doubt, introduced. 

3. PABOCHiBTUS, Ham. 

1. P. commimis, Ham. (Walp. Ann. iv. 478, cum syn.) — c.p. 2409. 

Hab. Abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 
7000 feet. 

Trifolium repsns, Linn., is becoming naturalized in the neighbourhood of Ne- 
wera EUia. 

4. BOTHIA, Pers. 

1. R. trifoliata, Pers. (W. et A. Prod. i. 195, cum syn.)— c.p. 1452. 
Hab! Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. 



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Zeffuminosa.'] ceylon plants. 83 

5. INDIGOFEBA, Linn. 
(Norn, vernac. "Awaree.") 

1. I. UnifoUa, Ketz, (W. et A. Prod. i. 198, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 313.)— c.p. 3514. 

Hab. Banks of the Mahawelliganga, on the Lower Badulia Eoad 
from Kandy. 

2. I. cimeaphyllay Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 199, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 403.)— c.p. 2775. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island ; not very common. 

3. I. aspalathoides, Vahl, (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, loones, 
t. 332.)— c.p. 1455. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

4. I. TiscosEy Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 200, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 404.)— c.p. 1459. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; very commQ^. 

5. I. tenuifolia, Eottb. (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 1462. 
Hab. Bintenne and Trincomalee, Gardner. 

6. X. trita, Linn. f. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 203, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 315, 386.)— c.p. 1463. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

7. X. trifoliata, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 201, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 
t. 314.)— c.p. 3592. 

Hab. !Near Minnery, on the borders of the tank. 

8. X. paucifolia, Delile, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 201, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 331.)— c.p. 1454. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

9. X. flaccida, Kcenig, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 204, cum syn.)— c.p. 1460. 
Hab. Haragam and other places on the Lower Badulia Eoad from 

Kandy. 

10. I. hirsuta, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 1456 (1457, 1458). 
Hab. Very abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

11. I. sale^oides, DC. Prod. ii. 225.— C.P. 1461. 
Hab. Matele, Gardner, 

12. I. inamoena, Thw. ; caule ereoto, suflfiruticoso, incano-strigoso, 
anguloso ; foliis petiolatis, impari-pinnatis ; foliolis 6-9-jugi8, oblongis, 
recurvato-mucronulatis, basi angustatis, brevi-petiolulatis ; ra^^emis folio 
dimidio brevioribus, multifloris ; leguminibus erectis, rostrato-apiculatis, 
teretibus, subcarinatis. — c.p. 3513. 

Hab. Caloopahane, between Hapootelle and Balangodde, at an ele- 
vation of about 2000 feet* 

Folia li-2i poll, longa, foliolis 3-5 lin. longia, circiter 1^^ liu. latis, stipulis sti- 
pellisque subnlatis. Legumina l~li poll, longa, circiter lO^sperma. Flores parvi, 
pnrpurei. Calycis lacinise subnlatse. 

6. ACANTHONOTUS, Benth. 

Hook. Niger Flora, p. 293. Walpers, Ann. vol. ii. p. 362. 

1. A. echinatos, Benth. 1. c. — Indigof&ra echinata, Willd. ; W. et A. 
Ph)d. i. 198, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 316.— c.p. 1453. 
Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 



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84 ENUMBBITION OF \_LeguminoscB . 

7. PSORALEA, Linn. 

1. P. coryHfoUa, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 198, cum ^.)— c.p. 1443. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

8. SESBANIA, Pers. 

1. S. i£s3rptiaca, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 214, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 32.)— c.p. 1512. 

Hab. Habarane, Gardner. 

2. S. aculeata, Pers. (W. et A., J. c. cmn syn.)— c.p. 1513. 
Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

9. TEPHBOSLA, Pers. 

1. T. Buberosai DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 210, cum syn.; Wight, Ulust. i. 
198. t. 82.) — Mundulea svherosa, Benth. ; Walp. Ann. iv. 491 .-^o.p. 1486- 

Hab. On rocks, near the Temple at Damboul. 

2. T. tinctoria, Pers. (W. et A., 1. c. 211, cum syn, ; Wight, IconeS, 
t. 388.)— c.p. 1449. 

Hab. Var. a. W. et A., 1. c*. Central Province, up to elev. 5000 feet. 
Var. y. W. et A., 1. c, near Matele, Oardner, Nom. vulg. " Aloo-piUa." 

Although the extreme forms of this species vary so exceedingly in habit, degree of 
pubescence, and size of the leaflets, stipules, bracts, and calyx, it seems impossible, 
as Wight and Amott remark, to separate them. 

3. ^. tnaxima, Pers. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 213, cum syn.) — c.p. 1444. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

4. T. purpurea, Pers. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— C.P. 1445. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"PiUa." 
The root of this plant is used as an anthelmintic for children. 

5. T. hirta, Ham. in Linn. Trans, ziii. 546. 
Hab. Han tain, Gardner (in Herb. Hook.). 

6. T. vUloBa, Pers. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 212, cum syn.)— c.p. 1447. 
Var. iS. a/rgentea, — T, argentea, Pers. ; W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.— c.p. 

1446. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Boo*pilla." 

Mores purpurei vel albidi. 

I have never met with any plant in the island agreeing in character with Persoon's 
jT. seniicosa. 

10. STYLOSANTHES, Sw. 

1. S. mticronata, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 218, cum syn.)— c.p. 1451. 
Hab. Common towards the north of the island. 

11. ZOBNIA,* Gmel. 

1. Z. angtuitifoUa, Sm. (W. et A. Prod. i. 217, cum syn.)— c.p. 3598 
(b'iApartim). 

* Bentham (Martins, H. Bras. Leg. p. 82) includes under Z, diphylla, Pers., 
till the Ceylon species, viz. — No. 1, under var. A, vulgaris punctata, and No. 2 and 3, 
tmder var. /t, Zeylonensis. 



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Leffuminosa,'] cetlon plants. 85 

Hab. Not xincommon in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. Z. conJQg^ta, Sm. — Z. 2^lon€n8is, Pers. ; W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. 
-r-c.p. 3600. 

Hab. Colombo. 

The joints of the legume of this species are twice as long and broad as those of 
the preceding and following species. 

3. Z. 'Walkeri, Am. Pug. p. 12 (330) ; Walp. Eep. i. 726.-- c.p. 3699 
{bMjpartim), 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

LeguminU articuli parce inconspicue echinnlatt 

The few echinolations generally present upon the legume of this species do not 
project beyond its border, and are therefore easQy oreriooked. 

12. SMITHIA, Ait. 

1. 8. conferta, Sm. (DC. Prod. ii. 323.)— 5. sensitiva, var. i3, W. et 
A. Prod. i. 220, cum syn.— c.p. 2777. 

Hab. Common in damp, grassy places, in the warmer parts of the 
island. 

2. S. blanda. Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. 221 ; Wight, Icones, t. 986.)— 5. 
paniculata, Am. Pug. 12 (330.)— c.p. 58. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 
A very ?ariable species as regards the size of the leaves and flowers, and the 
amoont of pubescence upon the stems and calyces. 

13. JESCHYNOMENE, linn. 
(Nom. vemac. " Deya-seyembala.") 

1. iS. aspera, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 219, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 299.)-c.p. 1514. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

'2. iE. Zndiea, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 405.) 
—c.p. 1515. 

Hab. Very abundant in the waraier parts of the island. 

14. OBMOCABPUM, Beauv. 

1. O. Bennoides, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 216, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 297.)— C.P. 1438. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

15. TJBABIA, Besv. 

1. JJ. picta, Desv. (W. et A. Prod. i. 221, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 411.)— c.p. 1437. 

Hab. Not rare in the hotter parts of the island. 

2. v. Hamoaa, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. 222, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 2S4„)'-D, rufescens, DC. (fid. Benth.)— cp. 3590. 

Hab. Nilgalla, in the Badulla District. 

3. V. crinita, DC. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker {Rb. Hook.). 



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86 BNUMBBATION OF \^Leguminos(B. 

16. DEin)BOIiOBITJM, Benth. 
Desmodium, Subgenus Lendrolobium, "W. et A. 

1. D. nmbeUatmny W. et A. Prod. i. 224, cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. iv. 
543.-7-C.P. 1436. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardn^, 

2. D. cephalotes, W. et A., L c. cum syn. j Wight, Icones, t. 373. — 
c.p. 2780. 

Hab. Very common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

17. PHYLLODITJM, Desv. 

Walpers, Ann. vol. iv. p. 644. 

1. P. pnlchaUnm^ Desv. — Dicerma pulchellvm, DC. ; W. et A. 
Prod. i. 230, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 418.— o.p. 1279. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Hampinne." 

18. DICEBMA, DC. 

1. D. biarticnlatiun, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 230, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 419.)— c.p. 1450. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

19. FTEBOLOMA, Desv. 

1. P. triquetrrun, Benth. (Walp. Ann. iv. 543.) — Desmodium tri- 
quetrum, DC. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 224, cum syn. — c.p. 1431. 
Hab. Central Province ; abundant. Nom. vulg. " Baloleya.'* 

20. CATENABIA, Benth. in PL Jungh. ii. 220. 

1. O. labumifolia, Benth. 1. o. cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. iv. 544. — ^c.p. 
1436. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1500 to 3000 feet. 

21. DESMODIUM, DC. 

1. D. triflornm, DC. Prod. ii. 334, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 292. 
—c.p. 2779. 

Habi Abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Heen-oondoopeyeUi. 
This is valued as a medicine for the cure of dysentery. 

2. D. heterophyllnm, DC, 1. c. cum syn. — D. triflorum, var. a, • 
W. et A. Prod. i. 229 ; Wight, Icones, t. 291.— c.p. 2778. 

Hab. Equally abundant with the last, from which it is certainly dis- 
tinct. Nom. vulg. " Maha-oondoopeyelli.*' 

3. D. parvifoUnm, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— C.P. 1429. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

4. D. polycarpon, W. et A., 1. c. 227, cum syn. 

Var. a. cauUhm adpresse pilosis ; hracteis longe acuminatis ; legw- 
minibus hirsutis vel ssepe glaberrimis. — c.p. 1425. 



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JjeguminosiB.} CEYLON plants. 87 

Var. p. caulibus supeme villosis ; hracteis lanceolatis, nee longe acu- 
minatia. — c.p. 3512. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 50(X) feet. 

5. D. ferrn^ineum, Wall. Cat. 5732 A.—D. rufescens, W. et A., 
1. c. 228 (non De Candolle) ; Wight, Icones, t. 984.— c.p. 1426. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 
This, like the preceding species, varies mucli in the amoaut of pubcscen'ce upon 
the several parts, as well as in the relative length of the acumen of the bractese. 

6. D. i^yrans, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. 227, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 294.)— C.P. 1430. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

7. D. i^TroideB, DC. (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 3326. 

Hab. Pttsalawa, in the Central Province, according to the statement 
of the Plant Collector, hut I have never seen it truly wild in the 
island. 

8. D. UtifoUnm, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. 225, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 270, 272.)— c.p. 3588. 

Hab. Near Bibili, in the Badulla District. 

9. D. IViffhtU, Gr. (W. et A., 1. c. 226 ; Arn. Pug. p. 13, 331.)— 
c.p. 3129. 

Hab. Abundant in the warmer parts of the island, up to an eleva- 
tion of 1500 feet. 

10. D. ormocarpoides, DC. 

Hab. Ceylon, Gardner {JB1>. Hook.). 

11. D. podocarpnm^ DC. Prod. i. 336 (non Hook, et Am.)— C.P. 1434. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Flores parvi, albidi. 

12. 1>. straaifiaatamy W. et A., 1. c. 228 ; Wight, Icones, t. 985.— 
C.P. 1433. 

Var. p, minor ; caule villoso ; foliis rotundato-rhomboideis, obtusis, 
minute apiculatis, lateraHbus vix oblicjuis ; stipulis villosis ; Jloribus 
multo minoribus ; legvmimbua articulis minus constrietis«— c.p. 3329. 
An species distinctar 

Flores (var. a) aurantiaco-rubri. 

Demodium Walierit Am. Pug. p. 13, 331, c.p. 2973, appears to be identical 
with De CandoUe's Besm. cajantfoUum, and can scarcely have any claim to be con- 
sidered indigenous to Ceylon. 

22. PSEUDABTHBIA, W. et A. 

1. P. Tiscida, W. et A. Prod. i. 209, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 286.— C.P. 1432. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

23. ALYSICABPUS, Neck. 
(Norn, vemac. " Aswenna.'*) 

1. A.-Tasinalis, DC. (Walp. Ann. iv. 548, cum syn.)— c.p. 1428. 
Hab. Abundant up to on elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. A. buplemifoUns, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 233, cum syn.)— c.p. 
1427. 



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88 BNUMBBATiON OF \_Lefftiminosa. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, Grardjier, 

3. A. Bcariosiw, Grah.— -4. sUfracifolius, W. et A., 1. o. 234 (non DO.) 
— c.p. 3589. 

Hab. Minnery tank. 

4. A. Hejnaaniuiy Wight. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker (Eh. Hook,). 

24. DTJMASIA, DC. 

1. D. TilloMy DC. Prod. ii. 241.— Var. ft D. pubescens, DC, 1. c. 
Am. Vug, p. 12, 330. D. congesta, Grah. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 206 ; 
Wight, Icones, t. 445.--C.P. 663. 

Hab. Common in the Central Proyince, at an elevation of 5000 to 
7000 feet. 

25. CLITOBEA, Linn. 

1. O. Ternatea, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 205, cmn syn.)— c.r. 1485. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the Batticaloa District. Nom. vulg. " I^il- 
Kattarodoo." 

26. SHUTBBIA, W. et A. 

1. 8. TMtita, W. et A. Prod. i. 207 J Wight, Icones, 1. 165.— c.p. 661. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

27. SOJA» Moench. 

1. 8. "Wlg^htii^ Grah. (Walp. Ann. iv. 552, cmn syn.) — c.p. 1477. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

28. GALACTIA, P. Browne. 

1. a. tenidfolla, W. et A. Prod. i. 206, cmn syn.— c.p. 1468. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

29. aLYCINB, Linn. 

1. a. labialis, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 208, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 168.)—.? a. mollis, W. et A,, 1. c. ; Am. Pug. p. 12, 330.— c.p. 1471. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
This is such a ?ariable plant that I cannot help suspecting, judging from the de- 
scription, that 0. mollis of W. et A. is onl^ a form of it. 

30. CANAVALIA, DC. 

(Nom. vemac. " "Wal-awara.") 

• 1. O. obtiuiifblia, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 253, cum syn.)— c.p. 1484. 
Hab. Common near the sea-shore. 

2. O. ffUdUta, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 753.) 
—c.p. 1481. 

Hab. North of the island, &ard/ner. 



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Z^gwminosa,^ CBn.ON plaitts. 89 

3. O. ▼iroBAy W. et A., 1. o. cum syn. — o.p. 2782. 

Hab. Central Proyinoe, abundaiit up to an eleyation of 3000 feet. 

31. MUCUNA, Adans. 

1. M. monospermsy DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 254, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Iconea, t. 36.)— c.p. 2662. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. M. atropvrpvrea^ DC. (W. et A., 1. c.)— c.p. 1483. 
EEab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

3. M. siirantea, DC. (W. et A., 1. c.)— C.P. 3687. 
Hab. BatticaloaP Gardmer, 

4. M. ximrita, Hook. (W. et A., 1. c. 265.) — ^Var. fi. pedunculis bre- 
vibus, saepissime 2-flori8. — c.p. 3150. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not uncommon. Var. a. In ex- 
posed situations, var. /3. In shady places. Nom. vulg. " Aachariya- 
paloo." 

32. SBYTHBINA, Linn. 

1. B. Indica, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 260, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 68.)— c.p. 1464. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Errabadoo-gass." 
This is used medicinally for men and cattle, and the yonng, tender leaves are 
eaten in cnrries. 

2. B. oralifolia, Eoxb. M. Ind. iii. 254; Wight, loones, t. 247.— 
O.P. 3499. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Norn. vulg. ** Yak-errabadoo- 
gass." 

33. BUTEA, Boxb. 

1. B. CrondoM, Boxb. (W. et A. BkkL i. 261.)-H3.P. 1465. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the iskuid. Norn. vulg. " Grass-kaala." 

34 STBONGyi-ODON, VogeL 

1. S. ruber, Vog. (Walp. Ann. iv. 559, cum syn.) — c.p. 1479. 

Hab. Near Komegalle, apparently quite wild. 

Legumen ohlongmn, inflotom, membranaoeum, marginatum, indehiscens, rostratum, 
stipitatmn, 2i-3 poll, longnm, \\-\\ latum, l-2-8permam, stipUe \ poll, longo. 
Semina OYoidea, Iffivia, nigra, 8-9 lin. longa, 7 lin. lata, carunculo rubro 1 lin. alto 
semicincta, tetta coriacea, cotyledoniiu* dnris crassis consolidatis. 

35. FHASEOLTJS, linn. 
(Nom. veraac. "Wal-maa.**) 

1. P. TnudUensia, H.B.K.— P. rostratus, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. i. 
244, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 34.)— c.p. 1480. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

2. P. radiattui, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. 246, cum syn.)— c.p. 1473. 
Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

N 



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90 BKUICBBATIOK OF ILcffUminOSiS, 

3. p. trinenriiui, Heyne, (W. et A., 1. c. 245, cum syn.)— c.p. 1476. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

4. P. trilobus, Ait. (W. et A., 1. c. 246, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 94.)— c.p. 1474. 

Hab. Common amongst grass in the hotter parts of the island, 
varying greatly in the shape of the leaflets. 

6. P. Orahamianiui^ W. et A., 1. c. 244.— c.p. 3586. 

Hab. Batticaloa. 

Bracteola miniitse, rotondatee, membranacesB, decidose. Calyx ciliatns, l\ b'n. 
longns, labio snperiore trancato emarginato, lacinna inferioribos brevibos subacutis. 
Corolla purpurea, drdter \ polL longa. 

6. P. semierectuBy Linn. — Phas, psoralioides, W. et A. Prod. L 244 ; 
Wight, Icones, t. 249.— c.p. 3609. 
Hab. Central Province. 

36. VIGNA, Savi. 

1. V. Tazillatay Benth.— F. carinalis, Benth.; Walp. Eep. v. 638. 
—c.p. 2781. 

Hab. Abxmdant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 40OO 
feet. 

2. V. Inteola, Benth. MSS. An Dolichos luteus, Sw. P— c.p. 1482. 
Hab. Not uncommon near the seacoast. Galle, Gardner; Colombo, 

Ferguson. 

37. DOLICHOS, linn. 

1. D. unifloms, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. 248, cum syn.)— c.p. 1475. 
Hab. Central Province, Oardtier, 

2. D. ciliatns, Klein, (W. et A., 1. c. 249, cum syn.)— c.p. 1469. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. 1>. HlcUnm, Klein, (W. et A., L o. cum syn.)— c.p. 1472. 
Hab. Hantani, Gardiwr; Batticaloa District. 

38. TiABTiAB, Adans. 

1. !■. TvlgrarUiy Savi, (W. et A. Prod. i. 250, cum syn.; Wight, 
Icones, t. 57, 203.)— c.p. 1470. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

39. CAJANUS, DC. 

1. O. ZncUcuB, Spr. (W. et A. Prod. i. 256, cum syn.)— c.p. 720. 
Hab. Ambagamowa, Gardner, Nom. vulg. " Eata-tora." 
This is said to be not truly wild in the island, and the nati?e name would also 
seem to indicate it. 

40. DUNBABIA, W. et A. 

1. D. Heynei^ W. et A. Prod. i. .258.-2). ohlonga. Am. Pug. 15, 
".)— c.p. 1478. 
Hab. Central Province ; common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 



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Leguminosis.} cbylon plants. 91 



41. AT3n.OSIA, W. et A. 

1. A. CandoUeiy W. et A. Prod. i. 257, cmn syn. ; Wight, loones, 
.t. 754.—?^. major, W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 55 (209, 224). 

Hab. Very abundant amongst grass, in the Central Province, up to 
an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Atta-tora." 

2. A. albicans^ 3enih.-~'CaTUharogpermum albicans, W. et A., 1. c. 
p. 256, cum syn.— C.P. 2783. 

Hab. Hantani, Gh^rdner. 

3. A. ruirosa, W. et A., 1. c. p. 267.— c.p. 1441. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Wal-CoUoo." 

4. A. scarabseoides, Benth. — Cantharospermum pauciflorum, W. et 
A. 255, cum syn. — o.p. 1442. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 



42. BHYNCHOSIAy Lour. 

1. R. cana, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 240, cum syn.)— c.p. 1280. 
Hab. Abimdant in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. R. minima, DC. (Prod. ii. 385, cum syn.) — B. medicaginea, T>0., , 
L c. 386 ; W. et A., 1. c. 238, cum syn.— c.p. 1440. 

Hab. JajB&ia, Gardm^r, 

3. H. rnfescens, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. 239, cum syn. ; Am. Pug. p. 14, 
332, n. 42.)— C.P. 1424. 

Hab. Batticaloa District ; common. 



43. ABBXJS, Linn. 

1. A. precatorins, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 236, cum syn.)— c.p. 1466. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 

"Olinda-wel." 

2. A pnlcbelliui. Wall. ; foliolis lineari-oblon^s, 7-10-jugis ; j>ani' 
cults terminalibus, longe pedimculatis, racemiformibus, ramis earundem 
subsecundis incrassatis curvatis, pedicellos serie continua diu gerentibus ; 
leguminilyiis compressis, subfalcatis, brevi-rostratis, circiter 9-8permis. — 
C.P. 1467. 

Hab. Not xmcommon in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

Frutex scandens, volubilis, plus minus adpresse pilosos. Stipula stipellaqua 
parvse, lanceolato-subulatse. Calyx campanulatus, minute S-dentatns, pedicello sub- 
eqnilongas, 1 lin. longus. Corolla calyce 3-4-plo longior, pallide purpurea. Leyu- 
mina l|r-2i poll, longa, 3i-4 lin. lata. Semina subrotundata, compressa, minute 
tubercakta, nigra, 2 Im. longa. 



44. NOMISMLA, W. et A. 

1. M. nwmmnlaria, W. et A. Prod, i. 237, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 283.— c.p. 1439. 
Hab. Jaffna, Gardner. 



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98 BNUMSBATION OF lLegMMinos€B* 

45. CYANOSPBBMUM, W. et A. 

1. C. tomentoBun&y W. et A*. Prod. i. 260, com syn. ; Wight, Blast, i. 
p. 198. t. 81, 84.— c.p. 2471. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. 

46. PYCNOSPOBA, Brown, W. et A. 

1. P. nerroiia, W. et A. Prod. i. 197, cum i^. — c.p. 279. 
Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

47. PLEMINaiA, Eoxb. 

1. P. 8trobmi^r&, Brown, (W. et A. Prod. i. 243, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 267.)— c.p. 697. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Hampilla." 

2. P. lineata, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. 242, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 327.)— C.P. 1423. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. P. congenUi, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. 241, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 390.)— c.p. 2663. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

4. P. semialata, Eoxb. (Fl. Ind. iii. p. 340 ; Wight, Icones, t. 326.) 
—c.p. 256, 3585. 

Hab. Not xmcommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

48. PTEBOCABFTJS» Linn. 

1. P. Marsupinm, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 266, cum syn.) — c.p. 1496. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Gammaloo-gass.'* 

The gam kino which exudes from the bark of this tree is used medicinally by the 
natives. 

49. PONGAMIA, Linn. 

1. P. slikbra, Ventn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 262, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 59.)— c.p. 1489 (1490). 

Hab. Banks of rivers, common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Magool-karanda-gass." 

50. DEBBIS, Lour. 

(Nom. vernac. " Calla-wd.") 

The tough bark of the species of this and of some of the allied genera is osed by 
the Cinghalese for making ropes. 

1. D. ulig^osa, Benth. (Walp. Ann. iv. p. 581.) — Pongamia uligi'^ 
nosa, DC. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 262, cum syn.— c.p. 1494. ^ 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

2. D. OTalifolia, Benth., var. — Fongamia ovaljfolia,'W , eX, A.. Prod.i. 
262 ; Wkht, Icones, t. 328.— c.p. 1493. 

Hab. Hantani, Sstfiragam, and Ambagamowa Districts. 



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Legmmki^HB.^ csylon plaktb. 98 

Scandens. PoUola oy&ta vel obovsto-oUoaga, apiee rottmdata vd abropte brefi* 
acuminata, juniora mfesoentia. 

3. D. sinoata, Benth. ; foliolis S-jugis cum impari, ovatis vel ovato- 
lanceolatis, glabris, apice emarginatis, oasi rotundatis ; f>aniculu ssepis- 
sime terminalibus, elongatis, adpresse pilosis ; legumimhus compressis, 
nitidis, retictdatis, rostrato-acuminatis, ssepe seminum abortu varie 
sinuatis, marine seminifera alata.— c.l?. 1491. 

Hab. Batticaloa, Gardners Oattura District. 

Scandens. Foliola 1-4 poll, louga, f-2 poll, lata ; petiolulis incrassatis, 2i lin. 
longis. PedieeUi calyce brevioree. Bradeoke minntse, acntse, cito decidase. Corolla 
pallide purpurea ; vexillo orbiculari, emarginato ; alts angnste lanoeolatis, subfidcatis, 
cariDam apice fissam arcttf amplectentibas. &lamina diaddpha, 9 et 1 ; antherit 
oblongia. Semina oblonga, parce currata. 

61. BBACHYPTEBTJM, Benth. 

1. B. scandens^ W. et A. (Walp. Ann. iv. 579, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 275.)— c.p. 1492. 

Hab. Abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

2. B. BeatkamB, Thw. ; foliolis 2-3-iugis cum imparl, oblongis, 
obtuse brevi-acuminatis, glabns ; paniculis terminalibus, elongatis, ad- 
presse pilosis, ramis racemiformibus ; pedicellis solitariis ; leguminibus 
oblongis, adpresse pilosis. — c.p. 2926. 

Hab. Ooma Oya, on the Lower Badulla Boad firom Kandy. 

Scandens. Foliola li-4i polL longa, i-2 poU. lata, petiolulo li-2 lin. longo. 
FecUcelli calyce eequilongi. Calyx rubiginosns, antice brevi*3-dentatus. Fetala 
pallide rosea. Ovarium circiter 4-onQatuin. Legumina \-\\ poll, longa, 6-7 lin. 
lata. 

TMs species, in general appearance, ctosely resembles tbe preceding, but is suffi- 
ciently distinguish^ by the different character of the inflorescence and the width of 
the legumes. 

3. B. eleg^aas, Thw. ; foliolis 3-4-jugis cum impari, ellipticis yel 
oblongis, abrupte brevi-acuminatis, glabris, subtus minutissime retiou- 
latis ; paniculis axiUaribus terminaUbusque, glabris, fcdiis subsequilon^, 
racemiformibus; pedicellis fasciculatis ; leguminilyus linearibus, apice 
rotundatis, oblique apiculatis, 1-2-spermis, glabris. — c.p. 2608. 

Hab. Central Province, at no great elevation. 

Scandens. Foliola 1^-2 poll, longa, (-1 poll, lata, membranacea ; petiolulo 
tenui, 2 lin. longo. Pedieelh 2 lin. longi. Calyx minute ciliatis, 1 Un. longus, 
antice bren-S-dentatus, basi bracteolis 2 minutis lanceolatis ciliatis sufifultus. Ova- 
rutm 2-ovnlatum. Legumina l|-2f poll, longa, \ polL lata. 

62. DALBEBGIA, linn. 

1. D. Moonlaiia, Thw. — 2>. Lanceolaria, Moon's Cat. p. 61 ; foliolis 
5-8, altemis, majusculis, ovatis vel oblongis, acuminatis, subtus palli- 
dioribus minute reticulatis; paniculis terminalibus; legumimhus li- 
nearibus, marginatis, stipitatis, rostratis, l-O-spermis, ssDpe seminum 
abortu varie sinuatis. — c.p. 439. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, at no great elevation. 
Nom. vulg. " Nadoong-gass." 

Arbor ingens. Hamuli albo-punctati. Gemma piloses. Folia glabra, rachi 
petiotisque pilosis, denique glabris. FoUola 2i-7 poll, longa, li-d poll, lata. 



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d4 BNUHBBATION OF [^LeguminostB. 

petiolulo li lin. longo. Stipula lanoeolatse, piloses, deciduee, 2 lin. longfle. Legu- 
mina coriacea, leevia, obscure reticulata, 11 lin. lata, marginibus 1 lin. latis supeiiore 
crassiore. 

This tree produces a very good timber, well adapted for furniture and for 
buildings. 

2. D. Championiiy Thw. — Endespermmn Zeylanictim, Champion, 
MSS. ; foliolis 2-4, altemis vel suboppositis, eUipticis acuminatis reticu- 
latis, magnitudine yalde variis, superne glabris, subtus fagaci pilosulis, 
paniculis terminalibus pilosis foliosis,legumiiiibus membranaceo-foliaceis, 
monospermis, lineari-lanceolatis, subacutis, stipitatis, adpresse pilosulis, 
medio reticulatis. — c.p. 761 (772). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 

Scandens. Foliola 2-6 poll, longa, 1-3 poll, lata ; petiolulo tumidulo, i poll, 
longo. Flores 3 lin. longi. Calyx tdbidus, fermgineo-pilosulus, dentibus sequilongis, 
tubo duplo brevioribus, 2 sup. rotundatis, reliquis acutis. Petala albida, pallida 
rufo-vcnosa, longe unguiculata. Stamina 9, monadelpha. Ovarium longe stipi- 
latum, 1-ovulatum. 

This species is evidently very closely allied to Blume's Endespermum scandetu. 

3. D. frondosa^ Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 266, cum syn.)— <j.p. 1496. 
Hab. Not uncommon in forests, in the Central Province and else- 
where, np to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

I have not met with any plants in Ceylon corresponding with the descriptions 
of Dalbergia Lanceolaria, Linn, f., and Dalbergia Zeylanica, Koxb. 

4. D. monosperma, Dalzell. — C.P. 243. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker (in Herb. Hook.). 



53. SOFHOBA, linn., E. Br. 

1. 8p tomentosa, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 179, cum syn. ; Walp. 
Ann. iv. 586, cum syn.) — c.p. 1487. 

Hab. Seacoast, in the GhJle District. Nom. vulg. " Moodoo- 
moroonga." 

2. S. heptapliylla^ Linn. (Walp. Ann. 1. c. ; Wight, Icones, 1. 1155.) 
—c.p. 570. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

3. S. violacea, Thw. \ foliolis 7-12-jugis cum im^ari, ellipticis, obtusis, 
brevissime mucronulatis, pilosulis, subtoi pallidioribus ; racemis termi- 
nalibus, multifloris, adpresse pilosis, folio subsequilongis ; legvmvnihus 
pilosulis, valde constrictis, noms ovoideis. — c.p. 3546.^ 

Hab. Gralle District, between Dickwelle and Matura. 

Frutex mediocris. Bamuli petiolique adpresse pilosi. Stipula bracteaqae minntae, 
subulatse, decidnse. Foliola 6-1 6 hn. longa, 3-7 lin. lata, petiolulo i-l lin. longo. 
Calyx tubulosus, margine S-lobns, pedicello sequilongo oblique afiOb^us. Petala vio- 
lacea, longe unguiculata, vexillo distante recurvato, alia carina angustioribus lon- 
gioribusqne. Ovarium circiter 7-ovulatum. Semina ovoidea, rubra. 



SuBOED. 2. CJESALPINIEM, R. Br. 

54. aUILANDINA, Linn. 

1. a. Bpnduc, Linn. (W. et A. Prod: i. 280, cum syn.)— c.p. 1524. 



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LegumtMsa,'] ceyloh plants. 95 

Hab. Common np to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Koombooroo-wel." 
Every part of this plant is used medicinaUy by the natives. 

55. C-ZBSALPINIA, Linn. 

1. C. pudcQlata, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 281 ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 36.)— C.P. 1525. 

Hab. Common np to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vnlg. " Deja- 
wawool-attey a. * * 

2. C. digyna, Eottl. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— <j.p. 1527. 
Hab. Kornegalle, Gard^ier, 

3. C. mimoBoidesy Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 392.)— C.P. 3601 (2784 partim). 

Hab. Abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. Tulg. 
" Groda-wawool-atteya." 

4. C. sepiaiia, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. 282, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 37.)— C.P. 3602 (2784 partim). 

IBULB. Abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

56. TAMABINDUS, linn. 

1. T. officinalis. Hook. (Walp. Ann. iv. 595, cum syn.) — ^Yar. a, 
JP. Indica, DC— CP. 1501. 

Hab. Hot, drier districts of the island, but probably not truly indi- 
genous to Ceylon. Nom. vulg. " Seyembala." 

The ripe fimit is nsed as a condiment for curries : a decoction of the fresh leaves 
is employed as a detergent for fonl wounds and sores. 

57. CASSIA, Linn. 

1. O. Fistulay Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 285, cum syn. ; Walp. Ann, 
iv. 595, cum syn.) — C rhombifolia, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 334 ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 269.— c.p. 1502. 

Hab. Yery abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. ** AhaUa-gass." 

Every part is used medicinaUy by the Cinghalese as a purgative. The heart 
of the tree yields a good timber. 

2. O. Boxbvr^hU, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. 286, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Hlust. i. 198. t. 83.)— c.p. 1505. 

Hab. Frequently CTOwing with the preceding, and is equally abun- 
dant. Nom. vulg. " Batoo-waa." 

3. O. tomentosa^ Linn. f. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. iv. 
596, cum syn.) — c.p. 2410. 

Hab. Newera Ellia, at an elevation of 7000 feet. 

4. O. Sophera^ linn. (W. et A., 1. c. 287, cum syn.) — c.p. 1507. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island; not uncommon. Nom. vulg. 

" Odroo-tora." 

5. O. occidentaUs, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. 290, cum syn.)— C.P. 1262. 
Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 

" Penni-tora." 



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96 BKUXSBATioK OF [Zeguminoaa. 

The tender leaves of this and the next spedes are eaten l^ the Cinghalese in 
their curries. 

6. C. Tora, Linn. (W. et A., L o. com syn. ; Walp. Ann. 1. c. cmn 
BynJ— c.p. 2785. 

Hjlb. Very abundant on roadflides, etc. 

7. O. glaucay Linn. (W. et A., 1. o. p. 289, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. 
p. 697, cum syn.)— c.p. 1526. 

HjLB. Colombo, Moon. Nom. vulg. " Wal-ahaJla-gaas." 

8. O. anHculata, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 290, cum syn.) — c.p. 1503. 
Hab. Abundant in many parts of the island near the seacoast. Nom. 

vulg. "Banawara." 

A decoction or infusion of the leaves of this plant is mnch esteemed as a cooling 
medicine by the Cinghalese. 

9. O. florida^ Vahl, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 288, cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. 
iv. 597, cimi syn.)— -c.p. 3485. 

HjLB. Banks of rivers, in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Waa-gass." 
The wood of this tree is extremely hard and durable. 

10. C. Timoriensis, DC. Prod. ii. 499 ; Walp. 1, o. cum syn. — c.p. 
1504. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the wanner parts of the island. Nom.vulg. 
" Arramana." 

11. C. Absns, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 291, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. 
p. 598, cum syn.) — c.p. 1506. 

Hab. Very common amongst high grass, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Boo-tora." 

12. C. mimoBoides, Linn. (DC. Prod. U. 503; Walp. Eep. i. 837; 
Walp. Aim. iv. 698.)— c.p. 1510. 

Yar. y, villosula; tota planta pilis longis subpatentibus flavis sparse 
tecta; foliis pateUo majonbus, anstato-mucronatis. — c.p. 3603. An spe- 
cies distincta P 

Hab. Abundant amongst high grass, in exposed situations, up to an 
elevation of 4000 feet. V ar. y. Maturatte District. 

Yar. 7 is probably a distinct species; the bracteolee near the apex of the pedicel 
are nearer to the base of the flower than in the typical form of C, mtMOsoidet, and 
the petiolar gland is a little below instead of between the last pair of leaflets. 

13. O. Wallichiana, DC. ; caule erecto, rigido, parce ramoso ; foUolis 
20-25-jugis, oblon^o-linearibus, aristato-muoronatis ; alandula paulo 
supra medium petioli subsessili; pedicellia supra-axiliaribus, faacicu- 
latis ; staminihus 10, valde insequialibus. — c.p. 2786. 

Hab. Open, grassy places in tne Central Province. Hantani, Macrae. 
Haragam, near Blandy. Nom. vulg. ** Bin-seyembala." 

Caulis teres, l-4'pedali8, pflosulos. Foliola glabra, margine ciHolata, G'^O lin. 
longa, 1-li lin. lata. Fasciculi circiter 4-flori, pedicellis 2-4 lin. longis. Calyx 

{)ilosnlns. Fetala basi interne, com staminibos partim, mfo-tincta. Legumina pi- 
osola. 

Sufficiently distingnished from the preceding species by the darker colour of the 
stems and foliage, the much larger leaves, shorter pedicel, and different shape and 
position of the petiolar gland. 

14. C. KleinU, W. et A., 1. c. p. 293, cum syn. ; Walp. Eep. i. 837.— 
c.p. 1508 (1509). 



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LeffuminoscB,'] cbylov plants. 97 

Yar. p.pilosa; planta tota patentim dense pilosa. 
Hab. ADTindant in similar situations to the last. Yar. j3. Hantani 
District. Nom. vulg. " Bin-seyembala." 

Cassia alata, Linn., has become naturalized in yarioos parts of the isknd. 

68. JONESIA, Aoxb. 

1. J. Asoka, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 284, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 206; Walp. Ann. iv. 609.)— c.p. 663. 

Hab. Sides of streams, imder the shade of larger trees, up to an ele- 
vation of 3000 feet. Yery abundant in the Bintenne D^tnct. Norn. 
Yolg. "Deya-ratmaL" 

69. HUMBOLDTIA, Yahl. 

1. H. Uurilblla, Yahl, (W. et A. Prod. i. 286. cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, 1. 1606.)— c.p. 328. 

Hab. Yery abundant in the Ambagamowa and Eatnapoora Districts, 
on the shady banks of streams. Nom. vulg. '' Gal-karanda." 

60. DIALIUM, linn. 

1. D. OToidenmi Thw. ; fbliolis biju^, suboppositis, cum impari, 
lanceolatis, apice retusis, supeme glabris, subtus sparse minutissime 
puberulis ; paniculis terminalibus fulpresse incano-pilosis, folio longi- 
oribus; bracteolis lanceolatis, cito deciduis; sepcdis lanceolatis; legu- 
mine OYoideo, parce compresso, subsessili, 1-2-spermo, velutino. — c.p. 
3149. 

Hab. Districts north of Kandy, at no great elevation. Nom. vulg. 
" Gral-seyembala-gass." 

Arbor ingens, ramulis rugosulis. Foliola 2-3 poll, longa, f-li lata, petiolulo 
tnmidnlo 2 hn. longo. Floret albidi, circiter 3 lin. longi, pediceilis param longiores. 
Anthera oblongse, extrorsse, in anthesi filamentis subsequilongse. Ovarium in disco 
annolari viridi sessile, 2-oynlatnm ; siylo subulato, apice obtasioscolo. Legumen atro- 
bmnnenm, 7-8 lin. longnm, 5-6 lin. latum. Semina rotundata, compressa, striata, 
nitida, ochraceo- vd mfo-bruDnea, 4 lin. longa. 

The firuit of this species is of an agreeable acid flavonr, and is sold in the bazaars. 
The wood is strong and handsome, and well adapted for ornamental forniture. 

61. CYNOMETBA, linn. 

1. C. ramifloray linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 293 ; Walp. Ann. iv. 601.) 
—c.p. 1600. 

Yar. a ; foliolis omnibus l-iugis. — c.p. 3604. 

Yar. ^. heterophylla ; foliolis versus basin innovationum 2-jugis, ver- 
sus apicem 1-jugis. 

Hab. Yar. a. Batticaloa District. Yar. fi, Trincomalee, Gardner. 
Caltura District. Nom. vulg. ** Gal-mendora-gass." 

Not having been so fortunate as to obtain the flowers or fruit of var. et, I am un- 
able to determine whether var. 3 is really distinct, as a species, from it, but I almost 
suspect it will prove so, the leaflets being much less acuminated, and slightly different 
in other respects. 



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98 BNUHBBATioN OF lLeguminoi€e. 

62. BAXJHINIA, Linn. 

1. B. tomentosay Linn. (W. et A. Prod. L 296, com syn. ; Walp. 
Ann. iv. 602, cnm syn.) — c.p. 1498. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Elaha-pettang." 

63. PILIOSTiaMA, Hochstett. 

1. P. raeemoBom, Benth. (Walp. Ann, iy. 607, cum syn.) — Bauhinia 
racemosa. Lam. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 295, cum syn. — o.p. 14^7. 

Hab. Very abundfuit in the hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. " Myla-gass." 

The bark of this tree is very tough, and is made into ropes by the Cinghalese. 
The leaves are a very &vourite food of the elephant. 

SuBOKD. 3. MIMOSE^. 
64. ENTADA, Adans. 

1. B. soandeiui, Benth. (Hook. Joum. of Bot. iv. 332.) — E, Twrsm- 
tha, DC. ; W. et A. Prod. i. 267, cum syn.— c.p. 2661. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Poos-wel." 

The tongh bark of this plant is nsed for making cord and ropes : the jnioe of the 
leaves is employed for stupefying fish. 

65. ADENANTHEBA, Linn. 

1. A. pavonina, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 271, cum syn.) — c.p. 3605. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; very common, but generally in 

or near native gardens. Nom. vulg. " Madateya-gass." 

2. A. bicolor. Moon's Cat. p. 34 (sine syn.) ; foliis bipinnatis, glabris ; 
pinnis distantibus, 1-3-jugis, suboppositis, apiculo parvo terminatis, 
6-8-foliolatis ; foliolis altemis, ovato-lanceolatis, minute apiculatis ; le- 
guminihtis Hnearibus, varie contortis ; seminibtis rotundatis, compressis, 
nitidis, dimidiato-bicoloribus. — o.p. 324. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the south of the island, at no great eleva- 
tion. Nom. vulg. " Mas-moroo-gass." 

Jrbor mediooris, 15-20-pedali8. UamtUi teretes, glabri, nitidi, infra nodos bical- 
losi, com racemis foliorumqae rachi, atro-mbri. Petioli basi tomidi, supeme minute 
glandulosi, snbsnlcati. Stipula minatissimee, subolatse. Foliola 1*-!^ poll. longa» 
6-9 lin. lata, supeme nitida, subttu opaca, pallidiora, rnfescentia, costa nervisque ra- 
bris, pedolulo tomidulo 1 lin*. longo. Racemi axillares, multiflori, folio multum 
breviores, parce fugaci-pilosi. Pedunculi \\ lin. longi, infra medium articulati, basi 
1-bracteolati. Flores glabri, rubri, 1 lin. longi. Calyx minutus, acute 5-dentatus. ^ 
Petala lanceolata. Stamina glandda terminali alba, polUne flavo. Ovarium stipi- 
tatum, circiter 10-ovulatum. Legumina 5-6 lin. lata. Semina 4 lin. in diam., coc- 
cinea, dimidio apicali msg^ffuniciUo 2. lin. longo. 

66. DESMANTHUS, Benth. 

Hook. Joum. of Bot. voL iv. p. 856. 

1. D. vireratuB, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 270, cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. 
iv. 614, cum syn.) — c.p. 3606. 
Hab. Peradenia, Altois, Probably introduced. 



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Leguminosa,'] csyIiON plants. 99 

67. mESPTUNIA, Lour. 

1. N. oleracea, Lour. (Benth. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iv. 354 ; Walp. 
E^. i. 863, cum syn.) — c.p. 1516. 

Hab. Very common in shallow water, and on the borders of tanks 
in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. rolg. "Grass-nidi-koomba." 

Mimosa pudica, Linu.t is become quite naturalized, and a troublesome weed in 
some parts of the island. 

68. DICHBOSTACHYS, DC. 

1. D. cinerefty W. et A. Prod. i. 271, cum syn. ; Benth. in Hook. 
Joum. of Bot. iv. 353 ; Wight, Icones, t. 357.— c.p. 1523. 

Hab. Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the islaad. Norn. Tulg. 
"Andara-gass." 

69. ACACIA, Willd. 

1. A. ebvrnea, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 276, cum syn. ; Benth. in 
Lond. Joum. of Bot. i. 501 ; Walp. Eep. L 912.)— o.P. 1521. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

2. A. tomentoM, Willd. (W. et A., L c. ; Benth. 1. c. ; Walp. Eep. 
1. c.) — c.p. 744. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

3. A. leucopUoeay Willd. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 277, cum syn. ; Benth. 
1. c. 503 ; Walp. 1. c.)— c.p. 1520. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Katoo-andara- 



4. A. Catechu, Willd. (W. et A., 1. o. p. 272, cum syn.)— c.p. 3547. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. Tulg. ** Bat-kihiri-gass." 
An infusion of the wood of this tree is much esteemed by the Cinghalese as a 

puiilSer of the blood ; and drinking-caps are often made of it. 

5. A. conciima, DC. (Benth. 1. c. p. 514; Walp. 1. c. p. 916; W. et 
A, 1. c. p. 277, cum syn.) — c.p. 1519. 

Hab. V ery common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. yulg. 
" Hingooroo-wel." 

6. A. Zntsia, Willd. (Benth. 1. c. p. 515 ; Walp. 1. c. ; W. et A., 1. o. 
p. 278.)-^.p. 3607 {1519 partim}, 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

7. A. pennata, Willd. (Benth. 1. c. p. 516 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 917 ; W. et 
A, 1. c. Pl.277, cum syn.)r-c.P. 3300. 

Hab. Haragam, near feandy. 
My specimens of this plant are nearly free from prickles. 
Acacia Fabnesiana, WUld., has become quite naturalized, and very abundant 
in some of the hotter parts of the island. 

70. ALBIZZIA9 Durazzini, Benth. 

1. A. laebbek, Benth. Hook. Joum. of Bot. iii 87 ; Walp. Eep. 
V. 596. — Acacia gpeciosa, Willd. ; W. et A, Prod. i. 275, cum syn. — 
c.p. 3130. 



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100 BKT7MEBATI0K OF [EciSaceiB, 

Has. Anooradliapoora, Mr, Brodie ; banks of the Ooma Oya, in the 
Badulla District. 

2. A. odoratissima, Benth. 1. o. p. 88 ; Walp. 1. c. — Acacia odqra- 
tissima, Willd. j W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 1629. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Nom. vnlg. " Hooree-mara-gass." 

3. A. amara^ Boivin, (Benth. 1. c. p. 90 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 597)— Acacia 
amara, Willd. ; W. et A., 1. c. p. 274, cum syn. — c.P. 1618. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

4. A. Btiptilata, Benth. 1. c. p. 92 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 598, cum syn. — 
Acacia sUpulata, DC. ; W. et A., 1. o. — o.p. 1517. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
I^om. vulg. " Cab«a-mara-gas8." 

71. PITHECOLOBIUM, Martins. 
Sectio Concordia, Benth. in Hook. Jonrn. of Bot. ?ol. iii. p. 202. 

1. P. ereminatum, Benth. 1. c. ; Walp. Bep. v. 611. — Inga ffeminata, 
W. et A. Prod. i. 269, cum syn.— c.p. 1531. 

Hab. Jafiha, Gardner; Bmtenne District. 

2. P. vmbellatam^ Benth. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. e,~^Inga umhellata, Willd. ; 
W. et A., 1. c. p. 270, cum svn.— c.p. 1530. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner; Teldenia. 

Sectio C/ypearia, Benth. 1. c. p. 207. 

.3. P. bigemitiiim. Mart. (Benth. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c.) — Inga higemina, 
Willd. J W. et A., 1. c. p. 269, cum syn.— c.p. 644. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island, and up to an 
elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Csdateya-gass." 

Legumina interne flavo-mfa. Semina oblonga, 7 lin. longa, 6 lin. lata ; testa mem- 
branaeea, nigra, subnitida, interne fusca ; funiculo tenui, nigro, 2 lin. longo. EtnArgo 
mollis, graveolens ; cotgledonibtu craseis, radiculam includentibus, basi fissis. 

4. P. Bnbcoriaceiim, Thw. ; ramulis, -paniculis petiolis(fie fiiseo- 
puberulis; pinnis 3-jugis; foliolis 16-20-jugis, subcoriaceis, lineari- 
oblongis, basi apiceque valde obliquis, subtus fusco-puberulis ; glan-- 
dulis clypeiformibus ; petiolaribue seepissimo 2, inter se et petioli baai 
apiceque distantibus ; jugalihus solitariis, inter pinnarum paria^mediis. 
—c.p. 337. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet; not 
tmcommon. Nom. vulg. " Meemini-mara." 

Arbor ingens, 30-40-pedali8. iZaww/i subangulati. Foliola 2-7 lin. longa, 1^2 
lin. lata, subtus pallidiora. Capiiula 3-12-flora. Flores puberuli, pallide virides, 
1-bracteoIati. Corolla calyce tubuloso 5-dentato plus duplo longior. Stamina nu- 
merosa, longe exserta. Ovarium longe stipitatum, pubescens. Zegumen pubemlom, 
cocbleatum, circiter 6-8permum. 

LXI. EOSACEiE. 

1. PHOTINIA, lindl. 

1. P. Notoniaaa, W. et A. Prod. i. 302 ; Wight, Ulust. t. 86 ; Icones, 
t. 991.— c.p. 136. 



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Bosace€B,'] cetlon plants. 101 

Fab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

The usually bilocular ovary of this plant would seem to distinguish it principally 
from Fhotinia integrifoUa of lindley, in which the ovary is said to be " semper 
trilociilare.'' 

2. BTJBUS, linn. 
Sect. 1. Foliis pinnatii, 

1. R. laiHocarpiui^ Smith, (W. et A. Prod. i. 299, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 232.)— c.p. 1533, 1634. 

Var. p, subglaher, — B, leucocarpu^, Am. Pug. p. 16 (334) ; Walp. 
B«p. ii. p. 19. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

This species, like many other plants previously referred to, has, when growing in 
the more elevated districts of ihe ishmd, somewhat larger flowers thao when it 
occurs nearer the level of the sea. 

Sect. 2. Foliis Z-foUolatis, 

2. R. flaws, Ham. (Don, Prod. Fl. Nep. 234 ; DC. Prod. ii. 659.) 
— ^. Goureephul, Boxb. ; W. et A., 1. c. 298, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 230.— c.p. 2696. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Sect. 3. Foliis simplicihtis. 

3. R. rusomui, Smith, (W. et A. l.c.) 

Var. a ; hracteis ovatis, integris vel ad apicem plus minus inciso- 
dentatis ; fructibtts parvis, rubns. Wiffht, Icones, t, a26. — o.p. 2766. 

Var. P; foliis mmoribus acutioribusque ; stipulis bracteisque pro- 
funde capillaceo-incisis ; petalis parvis ; fnictibus mediocribus, atro- 
rubentibus. — B, micropetaltts, Gardn. in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist, 
vol. viii. p. 6.— c.p. 1536, 1537. 

Var. y ; tomento pallido ; foliis valde coriaceis rugosisque ; stipulis 
bracteisque plus minus proftmde incisis ; paniculis densis ; ca^ct^ lobis 
ovato-lanceolatis, conspicue dentatis ; Jructibus mediocribus, atro-san- 
guineis. — B. Favrhohnianus, Grardner, 1. c. p. 6. — c.p. 134. 

Var. b ; . aculeis brevibus ; stipulis bracteisque plus minus proAmde 
incisis vel inciso-dentatis ; paniculis paucifiioris; Jloribus majoribus; 
petalis calyce subsBquilongis ; fructibtts majoribus nigris. — B, mcuro' 
carpus, Gtidner, 1. c. p. 7. — c.p. 1535. 

Hab. Var. a. Not imcommon at an elevation of 1000 to 5000 feet. 
Var. /3. Bambodde, at 6000 feet. Var. y. Bopatalawe Plaius (Gard^ier), 
and Oova District, at 6000 feet. Var. d. Newera EUia, etc., at 6000 to 
7000 feet. 

The most characteristic forms of the above varieties might, in a less variable 
genns, pass very well for species ; bnt, after an examination of numerous speci- 
mens, I find it quite impossible to draw np snch distinctive definitions of them as 
could with propriety be considered specific, and therefore think it safer to describe 
them as forms of one variable species, which I believe them to be. 

3. POTBNTILIiA, linn. 

1. F. Moonimna^ Wight, Icones, t. 2Z'^.—? P, pohfphflla. Wall. Cat. 
1026; Lehm. ; Walp. Sep. ii. p. 30.— c.p. 2767. 



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103 BKUHEBATioN OF [Eosocea. 

Has. Horton PlainB, at an eleyation of 7000 feet. 
Herba perennis, stolonifera. Caules suberecti, dongati, patentim pilosi. Folia 
interrupte pinnata, pUosa. Foliola numerosa, (migora oblouga, minora orbicularia,) 
subsessilia, acute dentata, sabtas pallidiora, costa venisqae longe adpresse pilosis. 
Jckenia kevia. 

•In my specimens of tbis plant the bracteolse are entire and smaller than the 
calyx-lobes, and not, as in Dr. Wight's figure, larger and toothed. P. polypAylla, 
Wall., would seem to di£fer principally in being quite glabrous and in the leaflets 
being crenately and not acutely toothed. P. splendens, Don, Prod. Fl. Nep. p. 230, 
is evidently closely allied to these. 

2. P. Kleiniana, W. et A. Prod. i. 300; Wight, lUust. t. 85.— c.p. 
2768. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

4. AQBIMONIA, Tonmef. 

t. A. Bupatoria^ Linn. (Wight, Icon. t. 224.) — A. Zei^lanica, Moon's 
Cat. p. 37.— c.p. 2769. 
, Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

5. ALCHEMILLA, Tonmef. 

1. A. vuli^arUi^ linn. (Wight, Icones, t. 229.) 

Var. fi, sarmentosa. — A. Indica, Gardner, in Calc. Joum. of Nat. 
Hist. vol. viii. p. 8.— c.p. 2770. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet ; not 
uncommon. 

6. POTBBIUM, linn. 

1. P. Zndicum, Gardner, in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. viii.p. 10 ; 
**cauUhu8 angulatis, bafli ferrugineo-villosis ; foliolis ovatis, obtusis, 
grosse dentato-serratifl, basi subcordatis ; inferiorihiis multo minoribus ; 
capitulis polygamis ; hracteis ciliatis ; calydhtis fructjferis osseo-indu- 
ratis, reticulato-rugulosis, 4-angularibus ; angulis alatis." Gardner, — 
c.p. 2771. 
Hab. "Adam's Peak, 1835. Mr. Alwis," Ga/rdmr, 
I have searched in vain for this plant in my visits to Adam's Peak, and Mr. 
Alwis has now no vivid recollection of gathering it there. The specimens in this 
Herbarium are in a very imperfect condition, and bear a considerable resemblance to 
P. Sanguitorba, Linn. 

7. PYGBUM, Gartner. 

1. F. Ceylaaicum, Gsertn. Fruct. i. 218. t. 46. — P. Walkerii, 
Blame ; Walp. Ann. iv. 642. — Polyodontia ? Walkerii, Wight, Blust. 
i. 203.—/ Pygeum acuminatum, Colebr. Linn. Tr. xii. 360. t. 18. — c.p. 
1532. 

Hab. Warm, moister parts of the island, np to an elevation of 3000 
feet. Nom. vidg. " Kankopmbalakatteya-gass," " Gul-mora-gass." 

Jrbor migosciila. Folia 4r-^ poll, longa, 2-3 poll, lata, petiolo circiter \ poll, 
longo. Eacemi foliis breviores. Drupa brevi-tomentosse, deniqne subglabrse. 

2. P. Wlf^htiaaum, Blume, Walp. 1. c. — Polyodontia ? Ceylaniea, 
Wight, 1. c. 5 Icones, t. 266.--C.P, 638. 



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Combretacea,^ cbtlon plants. 103 

Var. ^. parvifolium, — P. pa/rv\folivm, Grardn. MSS. — c.P. 1596. 

Hab. Central Proyince, at an elevation of 4000 to 8000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Oonoonoo-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia ovata vel ovato-lanceolata, brevi-acmniData^ glabra, 1^-5 
poll, longa, \-2^ poll, lata, petiole 2^-4 lin. longo. Bacemi pilosi, foliis breviores. 
Drupa glabrae, transverse oblongse. 

The ripe seeds of this and of tEe preceding species have, when braised, a very 
powerfol odour of prossic acid. 



LXII. COMBEETACKE. 

1. COMBBETUM, Loffl. 

1. O. ITOl^litianiim, Wall. (W. et A. Prod. L 317 ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 227.)— c.P. 1601, 1602. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vxdg. 
" Kadoorookettya-wel." 

When growing on the Mils, this plant has somewhat larger flowers than, when it 
occors near the level of the sea. 

2. LUMWITZEBA, WiUd. 

1. Ii. racemosa, Willd. fW". et A. Prod. i. 316, cum syn.)— c.P. 1594. 
Hab. Seacoast ; not uncommon. Nom. vulg. " Baireya-gass." 

3. CONOCABPITSy Gsertner. 

1. C. latifolia, Eaxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 316, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 994.) — Anogeissus, Wall. — c.p; 1220. 

Hab. Open, grassy places, in* the district north of Eiuidy, up to an 
elevation of 1500 feet. Nom. vulg. " Daawoo-gass." 

4. TEBMINAT.TA, Linn. 
Sect. 1. M^frohalanv^, 

1. T. Belerica, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 313, cum syn.)— c.p. 1605. 
Hab. Open, grassy places, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. 

vulg. " Booloo-gass.* 

2. T. Chebiaa^ Eetz, (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1604. 
Hab. Similar places with the last. Nom. vulg. ** Araloo-gass.*' 

The drapes of this and of the preceding species are much valued as a medicine, 
and are sold in the bazaars. 

3. T. parviflora, Thw. ; foliis suboppositis, oblongis, abrupte acumi- 
natis, integris, glabris, subtus minutissmie reticulatis petioloque eglan- 
dulosis ; spicis pilosuUs, terminalibus, paniculatis, foliis subsequilongis ; 
drupis ovoideis, camosis, subpentagonis ; putamine profunde lateque 
5-sulcato.— c.p. 618, 646. 

Hab. Margins of woods in the Central Province, up to an elevation 
of 4000 feet ; abundant in the Ambagamowa District. Nom. vulg. 
" Hampalanda-gass." 



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104 BNUMEBATiON OF lMel<istom<ice€B. 

Arbor magna. Bamuli petioliqne joniores fngaci-ferrngineo-pilosL FoUa 8«-6 
polL longa, 1^-2^ poll, lata, peiiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Floret parvi, albidi. Calyx 
campanidatus, brevi-dentatas, exteme pilosulns, interne villosns. Lrupa glabrse, 
yirides, polUcares. 

Sect. 2. Pentaptera, 

4. T. e^labra, W. et A., 1. c. p. 314, cum syn. — c.r. 1603. 

Hab. Yery abundant on the banks of riyers, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. JN om; vulg. " Koombook-gass." 

In my specimens the ramnli and the under side of the young leaves are pubemlous, 
furnishing an additional reason for believing Pent, tomentosa, Boxb., to be merely a 
variety of the present plant, as suspected by Dr. Wallich. 



LXni. MELASTOMACE^. 

Sect. Melastomea. 

1. OSBECKIA9 Linn. 

(Nom. vemac. "Bowitteya," ** Heen-bowitteya.") 
t Floribtu tetrameris, 

1. O. Zieachenaiiltianay DC. Prod. iii. •142 ; Wight, Icon. t. 996 
Spic. Nilgh. i. t. 68 ; non Naudin, Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 3. vol. xiv. 
p. 65 (quoad descriptj.— O. truncata, Don; W. et A. Prod. i. 322 j 
Amott in Comp. to Bot. Mag. ii. 308 5 Walp. Eep. ii. pp. 135, 136. 
O. parvifolia. Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. — O. erythrocephala, I^aud. 1. c, 
p. 58.— c.p. 1576 (P c.p. 284). 

Hab. Abundant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 
feet. 

A most variable species as regards the amount of pubescence and the size of the 
leaves, and I am unable to divide it into even distinct varieties, so completely do the 
several forms merge one into the other when a large series is examined. A speci- 
men in the Herbarium, numbered c.p. 284, is, I suspect, a hybrid between the pre- 
sent species and 0. aspera, some of its flowers having eight and others ten stamens, 
with anthers much longer than those of 0. Leschenaultiana. In habit and pubes- 
cence it resembles the last-named species, but in the shape of the leaves and in 
other respects it is just intermediate between the two. 

2. O. Zeylanica, Linn. f. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; non Naudin, 1. c. 
p. 71). — O. serialis, Naud, l.c. p. 67.— c.p. 1575. 

Hab. Amongst grass, in sandy soil : in the hot, drier parts of the 
island. 

3.' O. Rheedii^ Oardn. MSS. ; foliis rigidis, 3-nervii8, sparse ad- 
presse setulosis, ovato-lanceolatis, basi plus minus angustatis, subtus 
pallidioribus ; florilms temis, subsessilibus ; calycis strigosi dentibus 
triangularibus, tubo subaequilongis ; antheris oblongis, obtusis, 1-porosis ; 
connectivo infiu loculos conspicue producto. — c.p. 129 (441). 

Hab. Adam's Peak, near the summit. 

Frutex parvus. Bamuli tetragoni, scabri. Folia j— 11 poll, longa, 4-7 lin. lata» 
subtus ad nervos scabra, petiole scabro 1^-2 lin. longo. Fetala rotundata, acumi- 
nata, pallide purpurea, drciter 4 lin. longa. Ovarium 4-locnlare, loculis circiter 
8-OTDlatii. 



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MelastoftMceis.'] cbtlon plants. 105 

ft Floribus pAUameru. 
4. O. TValkeri, Amott, 1. c. p. 309 ; Walp. Eep. ii. 137.— c.p. 1671. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 
6. O. biudfolia, Amott, 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. 136 ; Naud. 1. c. p. 63.— c.p. 

1572. 

Vap. p, minor ; foliis floribmque minoribus; cal;jfce dense sericeo- 
villoso, nee stellatim ^iloso. — c.p. 2618 (forsan species distincta). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

U some of the species of this genns did not individually vary so much in the size 
of the leaves and flowers, and in the clothing of the calyx, 1 should without hesita- 
tion have made a separate species of var. fi, but it bear^ so great a resemblance to 
var. a in all other than the above respects, that I cannot venture to divide them. 

6. O. aspera, Blume. — Melastoma aspera, Linn, {partim), 

Var. a ; calyce setuloso, apicem versus parce squamuloso. — O. aspera, 
Bl. ; W. et A., 1. c. 323 ; Nandin, 1. c. p. 74.— c.p. 1668. 

Vap. /3 ; ca/yce setuloso, apicem versus appendiculis Unearibus stellato- 
capitatis squamisque penicillatis parce omato. — O. Kleinii, W. et A., 
1. c. ; Amott, 1. 0. p. 309.— c.p. 1669. 

Var. y ; floribus majoribus ; calyce sericeo-crinito ; cseteroquin ut in 
var. /3.— c.p. 606 (600, 1573). 

Var. b ; foliis ellipticis, obtusiusculis, subcoriaceis ; paniculU scepe 
abbreviates ; calyce copiosius appendiculato j cseteroauin ut in var. y. — 
0. Kotigineda, ]N aud. 1. c. 64. / O. Wtghtiana, Bentn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t 998 ; Amott, 1. c— C.P. 1570. 

Hab. Var. a and /3. Warmer parts of the island, up to no great ele- 
vation. Var. y. Central Province, from 2000 to 4000 feet. Var. d. 
From 4000 to 6000 feet. 

The several varieties enumerated above, so run one into another, that I do not 
fed justified in constituting distinct species of them. Of the plants referred to by 
Lmnseus as representing his Melastoma asperA, Herman's would appear to be the 
only one corresponding with any form of the present species, for the others are 
mentioned as having succulent fruit, and the one described by Burman was pro- 
bably a state of Melastoma Malabathricum. 

7. O. mbicnnda^ Am. 1. c ; Walp. 1. c. — O. elUptica, Naud. 1. c. 62. 
-C.P. 52 (208). 

Var. P ; ramis patentim pilosis, hispidis ; calyce (cum appendiculis) 
hispidissimo. — O. rubicunda, Naud. 1. c. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

Closely allied to the previous species, and much resembling its var. 8, and is 
principally distinguished by its more rigid pubescence, more coriaceous leaves, and 
fewer, larger, subsessile capitate flowers. 

8. O. Mooniiy Thw. ; pOosula, repens, ad nodos radicans ; foliis 
membranaceis, ovatis, acutis, longiuscule petiolatis; paniculis pauci- 
floris, ramulos terminantibus ; bracteis rotundatis, ciliatis ; calyce 
hemisphserico, appendiculis linearibus capitatis setosis, hispido; c^- 
tibus lanceolatiB, tubo seqmlongis, apice appendiculatis ; antfieris subu- 
ktis ; connectivo ad basin parum producto. — Melastoma repens^ Moon's 
Cat. 36, nan Lam.— c.p. 2800. 

Hab. Colombo, Moon. Safiragam District, rather rare. 
Folia 3-nervia, \-^ poll, longa, \-\i poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Bractece 
1 lin. longse. Flores mediocres, purpurei, pedicellis \\ lin. longis. 

9. O. wirffata, Don, (W. et A., 1. c. 323 ; Naud. 1. c. 61).— O. polyce- 

V 



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106 ENUMEBATiON OF IMelostomoceiB, 

phala, Naud. 1. c. 67. ? O, cupulnHs, Don ; W. et A., 1. c.^ Naud. 1. c. 
61. ? O. octand/ra, DC. Prodr. iii. 142, cum syn.—c.p. 507, 2619. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

A very variable plant in the amount of pubescence apon the stems and leaves, 
and in the number of setose appendages to the calyx. 



2. MELASTOMA, Linn. 

1. ME. Malabathricum^ Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 324, cum syn.) — M. 
ellipticum, Naud. Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 3. vol. xiii. p. 291 ; Walp. 
Ann. ii. 567. M, Boyneii^ Blume ; Walp. Bepert. ii. 133. — c.p. 1574. 

Var. /3 J ramulis scaberrimis ; foliis fiorihtmque majoribus ; calycis 
dentibus lanceolatis, tubo longioribus. — c.p. 1574 (2692). 

Hab. Var. a. Common in the hotter parts of the island. Var. 0. 
Up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Bowitteya," " MahJa- 
bowitteya," " Katakaloowa." 

The flat scales which clothe the calyx of var. jS are shorter and less shining than 
in var. a : both sometimes occur with pale purple flowers. The fruit, when ripe, 
bursts irregularly, and exposes a dark-coloured pulp, covered with the small seeds : 
this pulp is eaten by children, and stains the inside of their mouths of a black 
colour. 

3. MEDINILLA, Gaud. 

r Triplectrum, Don, MSS., W. et A. 

1. ME. maculata, Gardner in Calc. Joum. of Bot. vol. viii. p. 13 
foliis ovatifl vel ovato-lanceolatis, subcordatis, crenatis, apice retusis 
brevissime petiolatis, 3-nervii8 ; pedimculis axillaribus, l-3-flori8 

Jlorihus parvis, 4-meris ; antheris basi postice calcaratis, antice bi-unci 
natis. — c.p. 1578. 

Var. /3. cuneata ; foliis majoribus, rotimdato-cuneatis, abrupte brevi- 
acuminatis vel retusis. — c.p. 3443. (An species distincta P) 

Hab. Var. a. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Var, )3. Hellessee, Pasdoon Corle. 

Frutex epiphytus. Mamuli 4-goni, angulis uudulatis. Folia subcamosa, superne 
glabra, subtus pilis minutissimis glandulosis conspersa, f-lf (var. i3, H-2i) poll, 
longa, 4-12 lin. (var. )8, f-2 poU.) lata. PeduncuH folio midto breviores. Calyx 
urceolatus, minutisaime 4-dentatus, camosus. Fetala pallide rosea, subrotundata, 
reflexa, circiter 2i lin. longa, Anthera subulatse. Bacca rubree. 

2. M. fachsioideB, Gardner, 1. c. ; foliis 3-5-nerviis, rhomboideo- 
oblongis, bafli truncatulis, superne glabris, subtus sparse minutissime 
glandulosis, brevissime petiolatis; pedunculis in axillis foliorum de- 
lapsorum solitariis, 1-3-noris, folio multo brevioribus ; Jloribus pen- 
duUs, 4-meris, petalis rotundatis, conniventibus ; antheris subulatis, 
basi 3-tuberculatis. — c.p. 138. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other most elevated parts of the Central 
Province. 

Frutex epiphytus, dichotome ramosus. Famuli teretes, cinerei. Folia 2-3 poll, 
longa, 1-1 i poll, lata, subtus pallidiora, costa rubra. Infloresceniia rubra. Fedi- 
celli apicem versus incrassati, basi bibracteolati. Flores poUicares. Calyx urceolatus, 
4-dentatus. Stylus filiformis. Stigma minutum. Bacca subglobosee, atro-rubrse, 
circiter 4 lin. indiam. 



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MelastomaceeB,] ceylon plants. 107 

4. PACHYCBNTBIA, Blume. 

1. V.Vfralk9ri.—MedimUa? Walkeri, Wight, lUust. i. 217.— ilf. 
Walkerii, Gardner in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. yiii. p. 11 ; foliis 
5-nerviis, oblongis vel ovato-oblongis, utrinque an^ustatis, obtnsis ; 
junioribus fdgaci-ferrugineo-furfuraceis ; florious majusculis, speciosis, 
terminalibus, fasciculatis vel umbellatis, longe pedicellatis ; jpedicellis 
basi bracteatis. — c.p. 385. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Frutex epiphytus, scandens, copiose radicans. Folia li-3 poll, longa, \-\.\ poU. 
lata, sobtus pallidiora, subintegra, iu plantis junioribus ciliato-dentata. Fetioli 2-3 
lia. longi. Fedicelli circiter li poll, longi, cum bracteis calycibusque sparse 
ferrugineo-fiirfuracei. Bractea oblongse, obtusce, 2-3 lin. longse. Calyx ruber, 
margine expanso 4-lobo carnoso. Petala carnosa, ovato-rotundata, circiter li poll. 
loDga, interne sanguineo-rosea, externe pallidiora. Stamina sequalia, fiiamentis parce 
compressis ; antheris sigmoideo-subulatis, compressis, postice acute calcaratis, 4 lin. 
longis. Ovarium calyce consolidatum, apice liberum, 4-loculare ; placentis axilibus 
pluri-ovolatis. Stylus filiformis. Stigma minutum. Capsula unilocularis, apice 
4-valvi8, polysperma. Semina minuta, prismatica. 

This is one of the most beautiful plants of the island, covering the trunks and 
branches of forest trees with a mantle of the most lovely rose-colour, when it is in 
flower. 

5. SONEBILA, Eoxb. 
t Foliia aqualibuSi brevi' vel mediocri-petiolatis. 

1. S. robnsta, Am. Comp. to Bot. Mag. ii. 308 ; Walp. Eep. ii. 122; 
Naudin, Ann. des Sc. Nat. ser. 3. vol. xv. p. 327. — c.p. 426. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

2. S- Gardneri, Thw. ; erecta, sublignosa, hirsuta ; foliis 5-7-nerviis, 
rotundatis vel ovatis, acutis, subcordatis, serrulatis, br^vi-petiolatis ; 
pedicellis l-bracteatis ; bracteis foliaceis ; floribus majusculis ; antheris 
cordato-lanceolatis, subacutis. — c.p. 63 (486). 

Hab. Below Horton Plains, towards Gralagama, on wet rocks, at an 
elevation of about 5000 feet. 

Caulis teres, subsiraplex, rufo-niger, glanduloso-hirsutus, l-^l^-pedalis. Folia 
\-\k poll, longa, 4-8 lin. lata, utrinque hirsuta, subtus pallidiora; petiolo 1-3 lin. 
longo, glanduloso-hirsuto. Fedicelli cslyce breviores et cum eo glanduloso-hirsuti. 
Fetala sanguineo-rubra. Capsula ovoidea, gibba, obscure 6-costata, muricato- 
hirsuta. 

3. S. Harveyi^ Thw.; erecta, subli^osa, supeme'ramosa, subglabra; 
foliis rotundatis vel ovatis, subacutis, 7-nerviis, setuloso-denticulatis, 
supra versus apicem prope marginem setulosis, caeteroquin glabris, basi 
subcordatis, brevi-petiolatis ; racemis parce foliaceo-bracteatis ; antheris 
breviusculis, cordato-acuminatis. — c.p. 2974. 

Hab. Central Province, between Maturatte and Rambodde, at an 
elevation of 6000 feet, Oct. 1853. 

l-2i-pedalis. 'Rami 4-goni, rubro-nigri, glabri vel parcissime glanduloso-pilosi, 
ad nodos setosi. Folia 3-10 lin. longa, subtus pallidiora ; petiole i-l^ lin. longo. 
Fedicelli circiter 6, glabri. Calyx 6-cost^tus, glanduloso-pilosua ; dentibus trian- 
^aribns, setosis. Fetala purpurea, rotundato-acuminata. 

4. S.' laaceolata^ Thw. ; suberecta, parce ramosa, ^laberrima ; foliis 
3-nerviis, lineari-lanceolatis, supra medium serrulatis, basi cordatis. 



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108 BKUICEBATION OF [Meliutomacem* 

breyissime petiolatis ; racemis simplicibns yel ramcNBis ; antheris subu- 
latis ; cwpsulis longiusculis et citm pedicellis incrassatis profunde 6- 
Bulcatis. — c.p. 3007. 

Hab. Carawitte Kanda, near Eatnapoora, at an elevation of 1000 
feet. 

Folia li-3 poll, longa, 3-8 lin. lata. Petala rubra, rotnndata, apiculata. 

5. S. rhombifolia, Thw. ; suberecta, ramosa, glaberrima ; foliis 3- 
nervii^, ovate- vel lanceolato-rhomboideis, utrinque acutis, incurvo-den- 
ticulatis, petiolatis ; calycis 6-costati dentibus longiusculis, acutis ; an- 
theris subulatis. — c.p. 2799. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Kokool Corles, at no great elevation. 

l-2-pedali8. Rami obscure 4-goni. Folia |-li poll, longa, 2-7 lin. lata, subtos 
rufescentia ; petiolo 1-3 Hn. longo. Petala rubra.' 

I have named this ** S. ^laberrimay Am./' in some distributed collections, but it 
can scarcely be that species. 

ft Foliis plus minus inaqualibus hasique ohliquis, longiuscule petiolatis. 

6. S. Amottianay Thw. ; suberecta, ramosa, sublignosa ; foliis 3-5- 
nerviis, k^iceolatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, ciliato-denticulatis, parum ob- 
liquis insequalibusque, supeme glabris, subtus parce hirsutis ; petiolo^ 
cum nervis subtus, plus minus glanduloso-piloso ; racemis simpHcibus 
vel sajpius bifurcis, glanduloso-pilosis ; antheris cordato-oblongis, brevi- 
acuminatis. — c.p. 2615. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

l-2-pedali8. Mami plus minus glanduloso-pilosi. Folia |-3 poll, longa, 4-10 
lin. lata, subtus pallidiora, utrinque acuta vel basi parce rotundata. Fetala ovato- 
acuminata, purpurea, 3^ lin. longa. Capsula hypocratenformes, C-costatse, muricato- 
setosee, pediceUo subsequilongse. 

7. S. Hookeriana^ Arn. 1. c. p. 308 ; Walp. 1. c. ; Naud. 1. c. p. 321. 
—C.P. 173. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, on the Saffragam side, at an elevation of 5000 
to 6000 feet. 

Raeemi simplices vel bifurci. Fetala purpurea. Anthera aurantiacse. 

8. S. hirsutala^ Am. 1. c. p. 307 ; Walp. 1. c— / /S. Wiffhtiana, Am. 
1. c— c.p. 276. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 
Fetala pallide purpurea. 

9. S. piloBula^ Thw. ; suberecta, ramosa ; foliis majusculis, penni- 
veniis, ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, serrulatis, utrinque brevi-pilosulis, 
basi ssBpissime valde obliquis, insequalibus ; racemis pilosulis ; antheris 
longiusculis, cordato-rostratis ; capsulis pilosis, hypocrateriformibus, 6- 
nervosifl ; pedicellis subsequilongis. — c.p. 2687. 

Hab. Saffragam District, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet. 

i-li-pedalis. Rami subteretes, pilosuli. Folia |-4 poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, 
subtus ssepe purpurascentia. Fetala rubra. 

This species bears considerable resemblance to S. versicolor^ Wight, Icones, t. 
1057, but in that species the leaves are represented as scarcely oblique, the racemes 
glabrous, and the pedicels relatively shorter. 

10. S. roBtrata, Thw. ; herbacea, erecta, ramosa ; foliis 3-5-nervii8, 
ovato-lanceolatis, dentatis vel crenato-denticulatis, glabris vel sparse 
pilosis ; antheris longis, rostrato-subulatis ; capsulis brevibus, hypo- 



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Melastomacea,'] obylon plavt». 109 

craterifonmbns, G-nenriis, pedicello subieqTiilongis. — f 8. glaherrima, 
Am. 1. c— c.p. 2644. 

Hab. Hinidoon and Eeigam Corles, and Ambagamowa District, at 
an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet. 

i-1-pedalis. Bami glabri, acute 4-gom. SoUa 4-12 lin. longa, sabtiis rnfescentia. 
Fetala rabra, rotundato-acntninata, 4 lin. longa. 

11. 8. affinis, Am. I.e.; Walp. l.c. 122.— c.p. 353. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Folia 3-5-neryia, 2-10 lin. longa. Petala pallide rosea, rotondato-acaminata, 
3 lin. longa. Anihera cordato-sabnlatse. Capsula pediceUit breviores, costulis 
pamm prominentibns. 

Closely allied to S, rostrata and S, Ceylaniea, bat distingnished from the fonner 
by its more sharply denticulated leaves, smaller, paler flowers, and less acaminated 
anthers; and from the latter by its sabnlate anthers and differently-shaped, less 
prominently oostate capsules. 

12. S. Ceylanica, W. et A. (Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. ; Naud. L c. 321.) 
—c.p. 349, 3345 (1577). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Petala purpurea vel albida. Jnthera cordatee, subacuminatse. Capsula longe 
hypocrateriformes, prominente 6-oostat8e. 

13. 8. tomentella, Thw. ; erecta, ramosa; caule, ramis, petiolu 
racemis^e brevi-tomentosie ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, ciliato-dentica- 
latis, utrmaue sparse pilosis, costa venisque subtus tomentosis ; arUheris 
brevibus, oolongis, soDapiculatis ; capsulis hypocrateriformibus, setosis ; 
pedicellis sDOuilongis. — c.p. 2616. 

Hab. AmDagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

i-li-pedalis. Folia 3-12 lin. longa, bad rotnndata, subpenniveuia. Fetala 
alba vel pallide rosea, rotundata, acuta, 3^ lin. longa. 

Very similar, in general appearance, to S. Ceylaniea, but easily distinguishable by 
its tomentose stems and differently shaped anthers and capsules. 

14. 8. pumila, Thw. ; erecta, ssDpe rainosissima, moltiflora ; foliis 
3-5-nerviis, rotundatis, ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, ciliato-denticulatis, 
supeme sparse setosis et ssepissime albo-maculatis, subtos glabris ; 
racemis pancifloris, sessilibus, glabris ; Jloribus parvis ; antheris bre- 
vibns, oblongis, obtnsis, majuscule 2-porosis; capsulis longiusculis, 
hypocrateriformibus, 6-costati8. — c.p. 2617. 

Hab. Newera EUia and other more elevated parts of the Central 
Province. , 

1-1 0-poUicaris. Fami 4-goni, glabri. Folia 2-14 lin. longa; petiolo glabro. 
Fetala alba. Antherarum loculi ab apice fere ad medium fissi. 

The smaller, obtuse, large-pored anthers and less prominently costate capsules dis- 
tinguish this from S. Ceylamca and other closely allied species. 

15. 8. pednnculosa, Thw. ; herbacea, repens, radicans ; foliis ro- 
tundatis vel ovatis, obtusis, crenatis, suj)eme sparse viUosis, subtus 
subglabris ; fedwnculis elongatis, paucifloris, sparse glanduloso-pilosis ; 
fiorihus parvis ; antheris comato-acutis ; capsulis turbinatis, 6-costatis. 
—c.p. 3091. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle, at an elevation of 1000 feet. 

Folia viridi-rufescentia, i-li poll, longa. Fetala sanguinea, ovato-acuminata, 
2\ lin. longa. « 

This is a very distinct species, but my materials are not sufficient to enable me to 
give so complete a description of it as could be wished. 



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110 BKUMEBATIOK OF IMehutomocetB. 

Makumia Zsylanica, Blume, has, I fear, no claim to be considered a native of 
Ceylon* 

Sect. MemecylecB. 

6. MEMECTLON, Linn. 

1. Foliis I'tiet-viis vel ban tub-^Z-nervUs, 
t Disco calycino radiatim alato. 

1. M. capitellatnm, Linn. (Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. i. p. 35^ 
cum syn., Bed **Burm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 76. t. 30," vix excludend.) — 
c.p. 1564(1565). 

Hab. In ot uncommon, up to an elevation of 1000 feet. Norn. vulg. 
"WeUi-kalia." 

2. M. ednle, Eoxb. Cor. PI. i. t. 82.—; M. Eoyneii, Blume, 1. c. 360. 
—c.p. 1566. 

Var. p ; foliis majoribus, oblique acuminatis ; paniculie elongatulis. 
—c.p. 3442. 

Var. y; foliis elliptico-lanceolatis, basi subrotundatis ; pcmiculis 
petiolo longiusculo suDaequilongis. — ? M, Heyneanwrn, Benth. Wight, 
Icon. t. 278.— c.p. 1563. 

Hamuli teretes. Folia 2-6i poll, longa, 1-3^ poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. 
Pedicelli calyce snbeequilongi. 

3. M. sylTaticum, Thw. ; ramulis teretibus ; foliis ovatis vel eUip- 
ticis, subabrupte acuminatis, basi in petiolum brevissimum vel sud- 
nullum angustatis, coriaceis, obscure penniveniis ; paniculis brevibus, 
plus minus ramosis; pedicellis brevissimis, crassiusculis. — c.p. 1558, 
1567, 3302 (2929). 

- Hab. Common in forests, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Jrbor panra. Folia li-5i poll, longa, }-2i poll. lata. Flores csendeo- - 
pnrpnrascentes. Bacca sphEericse, atro-purpurefie, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

Nearly allied to M. edule, from wMch it differs in its more abruptly acuminated 
leaves, shorter petioles and flowerstalks, and somewhat larger flowers. 

4. M. lencantl&iuny Thw. ; ramulis obscure 4-goni8 ; foliis subnitidis, 
rotundatis, ovatis vel ellipticis, abrupte breveque acuminatis, obtusis, 
basi acutis, brevi-petiolatis, venis pnmariis prominentibus ; paniculis 
parum elongatis ;pedicellis calyce dimidio longioribus.— c.p. 1559. 

Hab. Central !rrovince, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 1^-2^ poll, longa, f-li poll, lata, petiolo 1 lin. longo. 
Floras albi, petalis reflexis. "Bacca sphsericee. 

5. M. rhinophyllmny Thw. ; ramulis obscure 4-gonis ; foliis opacis, 
eveniis, ovatis vel ellipticis, valde acuminatis, basi acutis, subsessihbus ; 
paniculis corymbosis vel umbellato-corymbosis, compactis, multifloris ; 
pedicellis tenuibXis, calyce subduplo longioribus ; Jloribus parvis. — c.p. 
2928. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia (acumine i-poU.) 2-3 poll, longa, f-li poll. lata. Flores 
pallide cyanese. Bacca sphsricse, atro-purpureae, 3 lin. in diam. 

6. M. macrocarpmn, Thw. ; ramulis teretibus ; foliis majuscuHs, 
valdQ coriaceis, rotundis, obtusis, basi plus minus angustatis, petiolatis ; 
pedunculis brevibus; pedicellis calyce subsequilongis ; baccis majus- 
culis, spha)ricis.— c.p. 2798. 



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MelastoffMeea,'] cbtlon plants. Ill 

Hab. Ambagamowa, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. 
Jrior parva. Folia 3-4 poll longa, 2^-3^^ poll, lata, petiolo 2 lin. longo. Bacca 
(immaturse) 8 lin. in diam. 

ft JDUco calycino lavi vel obscure radiatim eosiulato. 
• Bamulit teretihtu. 

7. M- rerolntiim, Thw. ; foliis coriaceis, oblongo-rotimdatis, ob- 
tusis, subcordatia, marginibus revolutis, brevi-petiolatis, venis primariis 
utrinque pamm prominentibus ; pedunculis multifloris, plus minus 
elongatulis ramosisque ; pedicellis calyce dimidio longioribus ; florihus 
parvis. — c.p. 2975. 

Hab. Eambodde, at an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Jrhor parva. Folia 2-3 poll, longa, fere eeqnilata, jpetiolo 1 lin. longo. Petala 
alba. Bacca nigro-purpurefie, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

8. M. nmbellatnm, Burm. Fl. Ind. p. 87. — M, ramiflorum. Lam. 
DC. Prod. iii. p. 6 • Wight, Ulust. i. 215. t. 93. M, umbellatum et 
Jf. ramijlorum, Blume, 1. c. pp. 863, 864, (quoad descript) — c.p. 387, 
764, 1561, 1562. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Cora-caba.'^ 

The leaves .of this species, mixed with the wood of Iforinda ciirifolia and 
desalpinia Sappan, are employed by the Cinghalese for prodacing a permanent 
red dye. * 

9. M. aii|nv>tifoUiim, Wight, Icones, t. 276.— C.P. 1556, 3346. 
Hab. Common on the banks of rivers, up to an elevation of 2000 • 

, feet. 

Frutex 6-8-pedalis. Folia evenia, snperne nitidola, ad costam canaliculata, subtus 
opaca, pallidiora. P^dfunru/t ramosi, simplices vel sabnnlli. Petala cy&ne&. Bacca 
•pisi magnitudine, nigro-purpurese. 

10. M. rostratnm, Thw. ; foliis ellipticis, abrupte rostrato-acumi- 
natis, obtusiusculis, basi acutis, inconspicue venosis, petiolatis ; peduri' 
cults multifloris, brevibus vel subnulli* ; pedicellis calyce 2-3-^o lon- 
gioribus ; florihus parvis. — c.p. 1560. 

Hab. Central Province, at an" elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Jrhor parva. Folia (acumine i-poll.) li-2J poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, petiolo 
IJ lin. longo. Petala alba. Anthera cyanese. Bacca sphsericse. 

- 11. M. foscescens, Thw. ; foliis membranaceis, nitidulis, obscure 
venosis, ovatis vel ellipticis, basi plus minus angustatis, brevissime pe- 
tiolatis; paniculis brevibus, parce ramosis, paucifloris ; pedicellis Buh- 
nullis.— c.p. 287. 

Hab. Kokool Corle, at no great elevation. 

Folia (acnmine 4-6-lin.) 11-3 ]K)11. longa, 6-11 lin. lata. Bacca sphsericae, 4 
lin. in diam. 

12. M. macrophyllum, Thw. ; foliis magnis, coriaceis, cordato- vel 
subcordato-lanceolatis, brevissime petiolatis ; pedunculis brevissimis vel 
Bubnullis ; pedicellis brevibus. — c.p. 2685. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District and Pasdoon Corle, at an elevation of 
1000 to 3000 feet. 

Folia 6-12 poll, longa, 2-8i poll. lata. Petala pallide cyanea. Bacca sphsericse, 
4 lin. in diam. 



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112 BNITMBAATIOK OF \^Mel(utomace<B, 

Closely allied to, and possibly a state of, the next species, firom which it is princi- 
pally distingoished by its larger leaves coidate at the base, and shorter petioles. 

13. M. jaalibosoides, Wight, Blast, i. p. 215 ; Icones, t. 277.— C.P. 
1555, 2468, 3347. 

HIb. Damp, shady places, up to an eleyation of 3000 feet. 
Fetala pallide cyanea. Bacea sphsericee, 4 lin. in diam. 

14. M. ciineatnm, Thw. ; foliis coriaceis, opacis, eyeniis, rotondatis 
vel oblongis, obtusis, basi cnneatis, brevi-petioiatis ; pedwnculis nuUis ;• 
florihus confertis, brevissime pedicellatis ; calycis margine subintegro, 

alabastris acutis.— c.f. 2538. 

. Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia l-2i poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, petiole 1 lin. longo. 
Peiala paUide cyanea. Bacca spheericse. 

15. M. orbiculare, Thw. ; foliis coriaceis, subnitidis, orbicularibos, 
obscure obtuseque acuminatis vel retusis, brevissime petiolatis, venis 
primariis vix conspicuis ; pedunculis brevibus vel subnullis ; pedicellis 
caJyce subaequilongis. — c.p. 3441. 

Hab. Hinidoon Oorle, at an elevation of 1000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 1^-2 poll, longa. Fetala cyanea. 

16. M. oToidenm, Thw. ; foliis majusculis, valde coriaceis, opacis, 
obovato-rotundatis, retusis, subsessilibus ; pedunculis subnullis ; jtedi- 
cellis fasciculatis, confertis, calyce subaequilongis ; haccis ovoideis. — 
C.P. 2621. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 
4000 to 5000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia fi-4i poll, longa, l|-8 poll. lata. Baeca 6 lin. longse, 4 lin. 
latee, nigro-porpareee. 

** Ramulis tetragonis, 

17. M. eUipticiim, Thw. ; foliis nitidulis, elliptieis, abrupte rostrato- 
acuminatis, obtusis, basi rotundatis vel parce angustatis, inconspicue 
venosis, brevissime petiolatis; peduncuUs brevissimis vel subnullis; 
pedicellis confertis, calyce subcBoidlongis.— c.p. 3479. 

Hab. Sin^he Eajah Forest, between Gralle and Batnapoora, at no 
great elevation. 

Arbor parva. Folia (acumine i-poU.) 2-3 poll, longa, li-1} poll lata ; petiolo 
i lin. longo. Fetala albida. 

18. M. eleg^antulum, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, longe acuminatis, ob- 
tusiusculis, basi plus minus angustatis, brevissime petiolatis, obscure 
venosis ; panicults filiformibus, subelongatis, parce ramosis, paucifloris ; 
pedicellis subsolitariis, calyce dimidio longionous. — c.p. 2684. 

Hab. Saffinogam District, at no great elevation. 

Folia (acnmine i-f -poll.) 2-8 poll, longa, 6-8 lin. lata. Flores albi. Baeea 
sphsBricse, pisi magnitudine. 

19. M. rariansy Thw. ; foliis opacis, brevi-petiolatis, obscure venosis ; 
pedunculis brevibus vel parum elongatis ; Jlorihus capitellatis ; brevis- 
sime pedicellatis. 

Yar. a. acuminatum ; foliis oveAiia vel elliptieis, acuminatis, basi acutis. 
—c.p. 2927. 

Yar. p. rotundatum ; foliis rotundatis vel o* longis, utrinque obtusis. 
— C.P. 2959 (170). 



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MelastomacetB,'] cbtlon plakts. 113 

Hab. Central Province. Var. a. At an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
Var. 0. At 4000 to 5000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia 1-3 poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, petiolo 1-li lin. longo. 
Petala cyanea vel raro albida. Bacca sphsericffi, 3-4 lin. in diam. 

20. M. parrifolimn, Thw. ifoliis coriaceis, opacis, eveniis, rotnndatis 
vel oblon^is, obtusis retusisve, basi cuneatis, orevi-petiolatiB ; pedun- 
cutis brevissimis vel Bubnullis ; florihus capitellatis, subsessilibus.— <;.p. 



Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Arbor parra. Folia \-\ poll, longa, 3-8 lin. lata, petiolo ^-1 lin. longo. Petala 
albida. Baeca spheericse. 

Nearly allied to, and possibly a variety of, the preceding, firom var. /S of which it 
differs principally in its leaves being coneate at the base and a good deal smaller. 

♦♦* Samulis ^-alatit. 

21. M. IZookeri, Tbw. ; foliis majuscolis, cordato-lanceolatis, aenini- 
natis, sessilibus, subins costa et venis primariis intramarginalique valde 
prominentibns ; pedunculis brevibus vel subnuUis ; pedicellis^ longius- 
(iulis.— c.p. 2686. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, in shady forests, on the banks of streams, 
at an elevation of 1000 feet. 

Frutex erectns, parce ramosus, 8-12-pedali8. Folia 6-12 poU. longa, li-3 poll, 
lata. Petala cyanea. Bacca sphsericse, 4 lin. in diam., rufescentes, denique nigro« 
pnrporese. 

22. M. ITirii^litii^ Thw.—? M. amplexicaule, Wight, Icon. t. 279 (vix 
Eoxb. n. Ind. ii. 260.)— c.p. 2670. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

Ardor parva. Folia snbnitida, cordato-lanceolata, pins minns acuminata, obscure 
venosa, 2-5 poll, longa, i-li polL lata, petiolo I lin. longo. Pedunculi brevissimi 
vel jrabnulli. Pedicelli conferti, longioscoli. Petala cyanea. Bacca sphsericse, 
3-4 lin. in diam. 

The shape of the leaves and smaller size of the fruit seem to preclude the possi- 
bib'ty of the present being Roxburgh's plant ; «nd the winged ramuli and petioled 
leaves of .our plant do not agree with Dr. Wight's description of his species, though 
kis figinre quoted above bears a very considerable resemblance to it. 

2. Foliis trinerviis. 

23. M. Amottianum, Wight, MSS. — Eugenia ? capitellata, Am, 
2^, 17 (335) ; Walp. Rep. ii. 182.--C.P. 1589 (1868). 

Hab. Hinidoon and Pasdoon Corles, and Saffragam District, at no 
great elevation. 

Frutex vel arbor parva, 10-12-pedali6. Famuli teretes. Folia 1-4 poll, longa, 
i-2 poll, lata, juniora rufescentia. Capitella 3-5-flora, longe pedunculata. Petala 
albida. Bacca spheericse, pisi magnrtudine, nigro-purpureee. 

24. M. Gardno^^ Thvr. ; rcmulis junioribus anguste 4-alati8 ; foliis 
opacis, pellucido-punctulatis, rotnndatis, ellipticis vel rhomboideo-ob-. 
longis, abrupte breveqne acuminatis, obtusis retusisve, basi in petiolum 
brevem angustatis ; ccupitelUs 3-plurifloris, brevi-pedunculatis vel sessi* 
libus.— c.p. 2367. 

HjkB, Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 5000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 1-3 poll, longa, i-lj poll, lata, petiolo 1 lin. longo. Flores 
albi. Bacca sphsericsB) pisi magnitudine, nigro-purpurese. 



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114 BNTJMEBATiON OF ^MyrtocecB . 



LXIV. MTETACIL^. 

1. MYBTUS, Toumef. 
Sect. Ithodomyrtus, DC. 

1. M. tdmentosa, Ait. (W. et A. Prod. i. 328, cum eyn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 522 ; lUust. ii. 18. t. 97* or 122. f. 3.)— c.p. 1591. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 
8000 feet. 



2. EUGENIA, linn. 

1. B. 'WUldenoTii, DC. Pr. iii. 265, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 
545.—C.P. 1586. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
** Tambaleya-gass." 

2. B. bracteata, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 331, cmn 8yn.)~c.p. 1590. 
Hab. Jaffna, Gardmer, 

This is, as remarked by Dr. Wight, very closely allied to the preceding species, 
froHi which it differs principally in its smtdler flowers and wider leaves, with shorter 
petioles. They may possibly prove to be forms only of one species. 

. 3. B. terpnophylla^ Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis vel oblongo-lanceolatis, 
longe acuminatis, basi plus minus angustatis ; juniorihus cum ramulis 
inflorescentiaqne ferrugineo-pilosis. — c.p. 2623. 

Var. ; foliis subtus plus minus breviter rufo-pilosis. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Eatnapoora Districts, and Eeigam Corle, 
up to no great elevation. 

Jrbor mediocris. Hamuli teretes. Folia 2i-B poll, longa, i-2 jwU. lata, petiolo 
i-i poll, longo. Fedunculi axillares terminalesqne, breves, panciflori. Pedicdli 
petiolo sabeequilongi. Petala alba, lobis calycinis rotnndatis dnplo longiora. BacC49 
spheericse, puberulse, cerasi parvi magnitudine. 

4. E. amoena, Thw. ; foliis sessilibus, cordato- vel ovato-lanceolatis, 
acuminatis, glabris, subtus reticulatis ; Jloribus scepissime terminaUbus, 
subfasciculatis ; pedicellis folio multo brevioribus. — c.p. 3439. 

Hab. Kokool Corle and Dolosbage District, up to an elevation of 
1500 feet. 

Arbor parva. Hamuli teretes. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, li-2i poll. lata. Fedi' 
celli 7-10 lin. longi, raro breviores. Fetala 4, alba, oblonga, circiter 3 lin. longa, 
lobis calycinis rotnndatis longiora. 

5. E. Mooniana, Wight, Hlust. ii. 13 ; Icones, t. 551.— c.p. 11, 365 
(77,733,1581,2451). 

Yar. iS \ foliis subsessilibus, rotnndatis, acuminatis ;Jloribtts sessilibus. 
— c.p. 2803. (An species distincta P) 

Hab. Abundant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

A most variable species in the shape of the leaves and the length of the petioles 
and flower-stalks. Yar. fi may possibly prove to be a distinct species, bat 1 am dis- 
posed at present to con'sider it only a variety. 

6. B. mabKoides, Wight, Hlust. ii. 13.— c.p. 445, 1588 (2693). 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 



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MyriaceiB,^ ceylon plants. 115 

Folia ^-2 poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, dense glandoloso-panctata. Bacca 
sphsricse, cerasi parvi magnitadine. 

7. &. floccifera, Thw. ; yhliis oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis ; ju- 
niorihus cuni ramulii iri/lorescentiaqvLe dense fulvo-tomentosis ; pedi- 
cellis axillaribus, brevibus, fasciculatis ; calycis lobis 4, lanceolatis, tubo 
multum longioribus. — c.p. 463. 

Hab. B^igam Corle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva. Hamuli teretes. Folia 4-8 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, petiolo 8-4 
lin. longo. Petala alba, 4 lin. longa, lobis calycinis seqidlonga. 

8. E. fnlva, Thw. ; foliis ellipticis vel oblongis, abrapte brevi-acu- 
minatis, basi rotundatis, supeme Isevibns, subtus venosis ; juniorihus 
cum ramulis tTiflorescentiaqiie fulvo-tomentosis ; Jlorihtis axillaribus 
caulinisque parvis, sessilibus, confertis.— c.p. 3008. 

Hab. ±*asdoon Corle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva, ramulis teretibus. Folia 4-6 poll, longa, 2i-3 poll, lata, petiolo 
4 lin. longo. 

9. E. riviilomm, Thw. ; foliis majusculis, lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
basi angustatis, subtus mmutissime fulvo-pilosis, denique glabris; 
floribus majusculis, sessilibus, axillaribus caulinisque ; calycis externa 
pilosi lobis 4, rotundatis, tubo sequilongis.— c.p. 3440. 

Hab. Banks of streams, in the Singhe-rajah forest, between Galle 
and Eatnapoora, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva. Ramuli teretes. Folia 10-14 poll, longa, 3-4i poll, lata, petiolo 
circiter i poll, longo. Petala oblonga, pallide purpurea, 5 lin. longa. 

10. B. decora, Thw. ; foliis oblongis, acuminatis, basi rotundatis, 
glabris, supeme nitidis, subtus pallidioribus, minute reticulatis; /^ifiw* 
sessilibus, confertis, axillaribus caulinisque ; haccis transverse oblongis, 
dispermis. — c.p. 3545. 

Hab. Near Galle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva, ramulis teretibus. Folia 4-5 poll» longa, circiter 2 poll, lata, 
petiolo 4 lin. longo. Flores albi. Bacca rubro-nigrescentes, 6 lin. in alt., 8 lin. in 
kt. max. 

When one seed only is produced, the berry would be no doubt spherical, and 
perhaps this wOl prove to be the most usual form. 



3. JAMBOSA, Eumph. 

1. J. aqnea,-DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. 332, cum syn. ; Wight, Iconos, 
t. 216.) — Eugenia (J.) aqtiea, Wight, Illust. ii. p. 14. JEua. sylvestris, 
Moon's Cat. p. 38.— c.p. 418 (609). 

Hab. Abundant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. Nom. vulg. "** Wal-jambo-gass." 

This species varies a good deal in the length of the calyx- tube and in the colour of 
the flowers, which latter are either of a pale-purple or more commonly of a deep- 
crimson colour. 

2. J. cylindrica. — JSuff. (J.) cylinclrica, Wight, Icones, t. 627, et 
forsan M (J.) pauciflora, W^gjit, Ic. t. 526.— c.p. 601. 

Hab. Ainbagamowa District, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Fetala alba, purpurascentia. Bacca subsphsericae, nrceolatse, 
6-8 lin. in diam. 



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116 ENUMBBATION OF \_Mj/rtace€B. 

4. STBONGYLOCALYX, Blume. 
Mas. Bot. Lagd..Bat. i. p. 89. 

1. 8. bemisphsericosy Bl. 1. c. 90. — Eug. (J,) hemisphcericay Wight, 
Blust. ii. p. 14. t. 97* or 122. fig. 8 ; Icones, t. 625.— c.p. 2450, 2640, 
3438. 

Hab. Central Proyince and Xokool Corle, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, i-2 poll. lata. Feiala alba. Bacca 
ephsericse, circiter 1 poll, in diam. 

6. SYZYaiUM, Gtertn. 

f Ch/mii ad foliorum delapsorum axillas', 

1. 8. caryopbyllifoliiun, DC— Hug. (S,J caryophylltfolia [^. (8,) 
Jamholana 7 var. microcarpa\j Wight, Icones, t. 553. j^w^. caryophyU 
lifoUa, Lam. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 486. Calyptranthes Cumini, Moon'8 
Cat. -p. 39.— c.p. 1584. 

Hab. Common np to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ma- 
dang-gasB." 

The Arait, which is of about the size of a pea, is eaten by the Cinghalese. 

2. 8. polyanthmn. — Eug, (8.) polyantha, Wight, Xllust. ii. p. 17 ; 
Icones, t. 543. An Syz. bahameum, Wall. Wight, HI. ii. p. 16? 
Calypt. caryopKyllifolia, Moon^s Cat. p. 39. — c.p. 2801. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Batta- 

domba-gass." 

Arbor magna. Bacca spheericse, nigrescentes, cerasi parvi magnitudine. , 

The leaves of this species are lai^er than those of the preceding species, with fax 

fewer and more distant primary veins, and shorter petioles ; the flowers also are 

larger. The froit is not eaten. 

ft tymu terminalihut axUlaributque. 
* Ramulis JurUoribiu teretibus. 

3. 8. cordifoUnm.— ^t£^. (8.J cordjfolia, Wight, Ulust. ii. p. 16 ; 
Icon. t. 544.— c.p. 350, 2622. 

Hab. Near Cattura, Moon; Ambagamowa and E^tnapoora Districts, 
up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Bacca snbsphsricse, pollicares. 

4. 8. montannm. — Eug, (8.) montana, Wight, Icon. t. 1060 P— c.p. 
2694. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

My specimens bear considerable resemblance to Dr. Wight's figure, but they are 
in too imperfect a state to enable me to feel certain they are identical with his 
species. 

5. 8. sylrestre. — Eug, (8.) sylvestris, Wight, Icon. t. 532. Calyp- 
tranthes Jambolana, Moon*s Cat. p. 39. — c.p. 2862. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Aloo- 
bo-gass.** 

Arbor magna. Bacca sphsericae, nigro-pnrpareee, circiter i poll, in diam. 

6. S. assimile, Thw. ;/oliis ovato-lanceolatis vel obovatis, plus minus 



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Myrtcicea.'] ceylo» plants. 117 

abrapte acominatiB, basi angnstatis vel rarius rotondatis, petiolatis; 
cymis ad apices ramulorum confertis, folio dimidio brevioribus ; haccis 
sphsericis. — ^An Eug, (8.) Amottiana, Wight, Icon. t. 999, varietas ? — 
C.P. 46. 634, 2449 (291, 1582, 2495). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet, in open 
places. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2-5 poll, longa, li-2 poll, lata, peiiolo 2-5 lin. longo. 
Bacca atro-porpurese, circiter f poll, in diam. 

This closely resembles in general appearance Dr. "Wight's figure of Eug. fS.J 
Jrnottiana, quoted above, but the petals in our plant seem generally to fall off with- 
out expanding, and the fruit is spherical instead of being oblong. 

7. S. Neesianiim, Arn. Pug. (335) 17, —Hug. (S.J Needana, Wight; 
Icon. t. 533 ; Illust. ii. p. 15. Calyptranthes cordtfolia. Moon's Cat. 

>. 39. An Myrtus androscemoides, Vahl, Fl. Zeyl. n. 184 P — c.p. 
35 (763). 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 30(X) feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Panookaara-gass." 

8. S. caryophyllseiim, Gsertn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 329.)— ^w^. (S.J 
carvophylhBa, Wight, Illust. ii. p. 15 ; Icones, t. 540.— c.p. 1583. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Dang- 



I 



Hie berries, which are of about the size of a peia, are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

9. S. revolntnm. — Eug. (S.J revoluta, Wight, Illust. ii. p. 17 ; 
Icones, t. 534.— c.p. 2521. 

Sab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Ramuli aliquando obscure tetragoni. Bacca sphsericse, rubi- 
ginosse, cerasi parvi magnitudine. 

10. S. micrantlmmy Thw. ;foliis ovatis vel eUipticis, obtuse rostrato- 
acuminatis, venosis, obscure punctulatis, basi angnstatis, petiolatis; 
cymis folio subsDquilongis ; Jlorihus parvulis ; calyce acute 4-aentato.— 
c.p. 1580. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Folia (acamine ^-i poll, longo) 2-4 poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, 
petiolo 2-5 Hn. longo. Bacca sphsericse, rubiginosae, pisi magnitudine. 

11. 8. Qardneriy Thw. ; foliut ovato-lanceolatis, rostrato-acuminatis, 
brevissimis, subtus delicatule parallelo-venosis, pellucido-punctatis ; 
cymis folio brevioribus ; calyce obscure 4-dentato. — c.p. 2496. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 40CX) feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Folia 2i-4.]K)ll. longa, 1-li poll, lata, petiolo tenui 4-5 lin. 
longo. 

** Bamulis Junioribui ietragonis. 

12. S. lissopbylliun^ Thw. ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, lae- 
vissimis, subtus delicatule venosis, punctulatis ; cymis folio ssepissime 
longioribus ; dentibus calycinis brevibus, rotundatis. — ^An " JSug. (S.J 
cymosa. Lam." Wight, Icon. t. 555 P— c.p. 2452, 2453. 

Hab. Forests in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
5000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 1^-3 poll, longa, 6-13 lin. lata, petiolo 2-3 lin. longa. 

Closely resembling the preceding species in the shape and venation of the leaves, 
but these are smaller and more shortly petioled in the present plant, which is more- 
over at once distinguished from the other by its quadrangular ramuli. Fitg. (S.J 



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118 BNUMBRATiON OP IMj^rtacea, 

toddalioideSt Wight, Icon. t. 542, must be very closely allied to this, but the 
longer-pedicelled flowers would seem, judging from the figure, sufficient to prove it 
distinct. 

13. S. umbrosum, Thw. ; foliis ovatis, breve et obtuse acuminatis 
vel retusis, basi angustatis, utrinque laevissimis, subeveniis ; ctf^is folio 
longioribus. — c.p. 2539. 

Hab. Open, grassy places in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
5000 to 6000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris, ramosissima. Folia 1-2 poll, longa, 6-10 Kn. lata, petiolo 
1^-2 lin. loDgo. 

. Differs from the last iu the shape and venation of the leaves : the inflorescence of 
the two species is very similar. 

14. 8. spathnlatvimy Thw. ; filiis parvis, spathulato-obovatis vel 
lanceolatis, obtusis, superne nitidis, subtus opacis, parce parallelo- 
venosis, dense glanduloso-punctatis ; cvmis folio subsequilongis vel bre- 
vioribus ijloribtis parvis, brevi-pedicellatis. — c.p. 2493 (2494). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Jrbor parva. Folia 1-lf poll, longa, 4-8 lin. lata, petiolo \-\\ lin. longo. 
Bacca sphsericse, rubro-nigrescentes, pisi magnitudine. 

Apparently closely allied to S, rubiginosumy W. et A. Prod, i. 330. 

15. S. calophyllifolitim. — Mug, (S.) calophyllifolia, Wight, Icones, 
t. 1000.— c.p. 160. 

Hab. Adam's .Peak, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

16. S. Bclerophyllnm, Thw. ; foliis parvis, valde coriaceis, obovatis 
vel subrotundatis, sessilibus, cordatis, superne glabris, subtus venosis ; 
costa ad basin incrassata ; cymis folio subsBOuilongis. — c.p. 274. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 
Arbor mediocris. Folia 5-12 lin. longa, 4-10 lin. lata. Bacca sphsericse, 
nigrescentes, cerasi parvi magnitudine. 

17. S. rotimdifolium, Am. Pug. (335) 17. — Mug, (8.) rotundtfoUa, 
Wight, Illust. ii. p. 17.— c.p. 1587. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia orbicularia, ohtusissima vel obscure acuminata, basi subcor- 
data vel parum angustata, 4-8 lin. longa, petiolo \-l\ lin. longo. Bacca sphsericse, 
rubro-nigrescentes, cerasi parvi magnitudine. 

Nearly allied to the preceding, but 1 think certainly distinct. 

18. S. oligaatham, Thw. ; foliis parvis, obovatis, obtuse brevi-acu- 
minatis vel retusis, basi angustatis, leviter venosis, punctatis ; ca^itulis 
paucifloris, brevi-pedunculatis, terminalibus. — c.p. 452 (588). 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 4-10 lin. longa, 3-6 lin. lata, petiolo 1 lin. longo. Bacca 
sphsericse, rubro-nigrescentes, pisi magnitudine. 

6. ACMENA, DC. 

1. A. Zeylanica. — Eug, (A,) Zeylanica, Wight, Blust. ii. p. 15, cum 
syn. ; Icones, t. 73.— c.p. 56, 380 (470, 1579). 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island, up to no great 
elevation. Norn. vulg. " Marang-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia linear!- vel ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, basi angustata 
vel rotundata, dense glanduloso-punctata, 1-4 poll, longa, 1^10 lin. lata, petiolo 
1-3 lin. longo. Calyx valde glandulosus. 



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Barrin^fioniaceiB,'] ceylon plants. 119 

2. A. Uaceolaka. — ^u^. (A.) lanceolata, Wight, lUust. ii. p. 15 ; 
Icones, t. 530. ^zygium lanceolatum, W. et A. Prod. i. p. 330, cum 
gyn. An Eugenia (A.) Wightiana, Wight, Illust. ii. p. 15 ; Icones, t. 
529, cum syn. P — c.p. 2863. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and £omegalle ^Districts, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. 



LXV. BAEEINGTONIACEJE. 

1. BABBINGTONIA, Forst. 

t Calyce primum indiviso vel apice minute aperto, denique in lobii 2-8 longUu' 

(UnalUer fiuo, 

1. B. speeiosa, linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 333, cnm syn. ; Wight, 
Icones, t. 547.) — c.p. 3610. 

Hab. On the sea-shore, between Gralle and Matnra. 

2. B. racemosa, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cnm syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 
152; Thomson in Linn. Soc. Jonm. ii. p. 47. t. 1. fig. 3.)— c.p. 2682. 

Var. a ; calyce jimiore indiviso, apiculato. 

Var. i3 ; fotiis jftoribusqae minonbus, pedicellis longioribns, calyce 
juniore ad apicem minute aperto. — B. Ceylanica, Grardn. MSS. 

Hab. Warm, moister parts of the island, up to an elevation of 1500 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Deya-midella-gass.** 

ft Calyce ^-lobOf lobit imhricatis. StravadiaiD, Juss, 

3. B. acutangQlmny Gsertn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1592 
(1593). 

Ha3. Hotter parts of the island, up to no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. " !Ella-mideila-gass." 

2. CAREYA, Eoxb. 

1. O. arborea, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. 334, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. ii. p. 20, tt. 99, 100.)— c.p. 8169. 

Hab. Central Province, in exposed, grassy places, up to an elevation 
of 5000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Cahaata-gass." 

(hula in loculis biserialia, siogula dimidio inf^ore membrana placentali vestita. 

The bark of this tree is very astringent, and is used medicinally and for tanning. 

In Barrinytonia and Carey a I find the youiig leaves famished with very minute 
stipules. 

3. ANISOPHYLIiEA, Br. 

Jnisophyllum, Don. Tetracrypta, Gardner and Champion. 

1. A. Zeylanica, Benth. in Niger Flora ; Hook. f. and Th. in Idnn. 
Soc. Joum. ii. p. 86. — Tetracrypta cinnamomoides, Grard. and Ch. in 
Hook. Joum. of Bot. i. p. 314, and v. p. 378. t. 5.— c.p. 2205. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
1500 feet. Nom. vulg. ** Wellapeyenna-gass." 

Calycis lobi persistentes. Fructus indehiscens. Embryo eialbnminosns, axialis, 
eotyledonibut nuUis vel subnuUis. 



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120 BKUMBBATIOK OF IBhizophorocetB. 

The stractnre and germiimtion qf the embryo are precisely as in Careya and 
Barringtonia, so well described by Dr. Thomson in the Linnsean Society's Journal, 
ToL ii. p. 47. 

LXVI. EHIZOPHaEACE^. 

SECT. 1. EHIZOFHOREM, 

1. BHIZOPHOBA, lann. 

Nom. vulg. " Cadol-gass." 

1. R. mncronatay Lam. (Blnine, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. i. p. 132, cum 
gyn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 238.)— c.p. 1969. 

Hab. Irincomalee, CaJpentyu, Qa/tdner, Negumbo and other parts 
of the coast. 
This and some of the other species of the family are used for tanning. 

2. R. conju^atay Linn. (Blnme, 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1968. 
Hab. With the preceding, and equally conmion. 

2. BBUGUIEBA, Lam. 

1. B. i^ymnorldsay Lam. (Blume, 1. c. p. 136, cum syn.) — ^An quoque 
B,cvlindHca, Bl. 1. c. p. 137, cum syn. P— c.p. 3611 (1967, partim), 

H!1b. Southern coast of the island. 

2. B. Rheediiy Blume, l.c. p. 138, cum s^. — B. Bumphii, BL, and 
JB. IVightii, Bl. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 1. 139 ^,— c.p. 3612 (1967, 
partim), 

Hab. Common neaif the sea-coast, Gardner, etc. 

Blame seems to have divided this genus into an unnecessary number of species, 
and it may be presumed, from the differences being so trivial, that they will all prove 
to be varieties of one variable species. 

3. KANILIA, Blume, 1. c. p. 140. 

Walp. Ann. ii. p. 528. 

1. K. caryophylloides, Bl, 1. c, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. p. 529. — c.p, 
1965. 
Hab. Trincomalee and Calpentyu, Oardmer. 

4. CEBIOPS, Am. 

Blume, 1. c. p. 142. 

1. C. Candolleana, Am. (Bl. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 240.) 
—c.p. 1966. 

Hab. Trincomalee, Gardner, Negombo, etc. 

SECT. 2. LEQNOTIDEM 
5. CARATiMA, Eoxb. ' 
Blume, 1. c. p. 128. 
t Califce ^1-lobo. 
1. C. integrerrima, DC. Prod. iii. p. 33 ; Blume, 1. c. p. 129 ; Benth. 



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Lythrariaoeie,'] cetlon plants. 191 

in liinn. Jonm. Bot. iii. p. 74. — O. Ceylaniea, ArxL iPag. 16 (334). C, 
Sinensis, Am. 1. c. 17 (335).— o.p. 1763, 1764. 

Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Dawata-gass." 

The wood is strong, and being rather ornamental, is adapted for fomitore. 

ft Chlyce ^-loho, 

2. O. ,cal]roiiiay Benth. in linn. Jonm. Bot. iii. p. 75 ; fdiis glabns, 
integris, oyatis, brevi-aonminatis, basi an^tatis, parallelo-yenosis, 
snbtos pnnctnlatis, petiolatis ; cymis axillanbus, scditariis, panciflorisy 
folio brevioribns ; calyce parum costato. — c.p. 3458. 

Var. /3 5 foliis brevioribns, pins rotundatis GoriaceiB^ne.^— o.p. 2588. 

E[ab. Var. a. Singhe Bajan Forest, between Gralle and Batnapoora, 
at no great elevation. Var. ^. Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 5000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Folia \j^ poll, longa, 1-lf poll, lata, petiolo 1^ lin. longo. 
Sapula interpeUolares drdter 8 lin. longs, cik> deddose. (^^ma at^va medinm 
paroe ramosse. Bracteola totondatse, retosse, seepe mncronatatse, drdtor 1 Mn« 
kngffi. Floras subsessiles, 3 lin. longi. Calycis lobi tabo sobaquilongt FeMa 
albida, nngnicnlata, margine inciso-sinnata. 

6. ANSTBTJTHEBIA, Gardner. 

Calcntta Jonm. of Nat. Hist. vol. Yi. p. 344. t. 4. Walp. Ami. iL p. 178. 

1. A. Zeylanica, Gardn. L c. — c.p. 1116. 

Hab. Galle District, Gard/ner. Trincomalee, Dr. TFI M. Marvey, 
Dambool, etc., up to no great elevation. 
Apparently very closely alUed to Campourea, AnbL 



LXYII. LYTHEAEIACE^. 

SECT. 1. ZTTHRB^. 

1. AMMANNIA, Honst. 

Subgeans 1. Biplostbvon, BC, Kome. 

1. A. oetandra, Linn. (Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. ii. p. 132, cnm 
eyn. ; Walp. Ann. iv. p. 686.)— c.p. 2797. 

HIb. Hotter parts of ihe island. 

Sabgentis 2. Oobnelia, Blume. 

2. A. MOieil^lia, Monti, (Bl. 1. c. p. 132, cnm syn. ; Walp. 1. c. p. 687.) 
—c.p. 2796. 

Var. jS ; foliis basi rotnndatas vel cordatis. — c.p. 3296. 
Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 
My spedmens of this spedes have all apetaloos flowers. 

Subgenus 3. Hapalocaepum, W. et A. 

3. A, Inffica, DC. (Bl. 1. c. p. 133. t. 46 A, cnm syn. ; Walp. 1. c. 
p. 687.)— C.P. 1542 (1544). 

Hab. Very abundant m the hotter parts of the island. 

B 



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122 BNUMEBATIOK OF IJ^hroriaeecp. 

Sabgenos 4. Selloitia, Blame. 

4. A. pentaadra, Eoxb. (Bl. 1. c. p. 134. t. 46 B, cum syn. ; Walp. 
1.0. ; Wight, Icones, t. 260 JB.)— c.p. 1548. 
Hab. Very common. 

2. AMELETIA, DC. 

1. A. Indies, DC. (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 303 ; Wight, Icon, t.,257.)— 
A. Indica, Bl., and A. elongata, Bl. 1. c. 135. t. 47, cmn syn. ; Walp. 
1. c^. 686.— C.P. 1546. 

Hab. Yery abundant. 

Judging firom the descriptions only, the two forms, oonstitated distinct species by 
Blame, occor occasionally on the same plant. 

3. BOTALA, Linn. 

1. R. TertlcOlariSy Linn. (Bl. 1. c. p. 136, cum 9yn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 260 X—C.P. 1547. 
Hab. Very abundant. 

4. FEMPHIS, Font. 

1. P. actdvla, Forst. (Bl. l.c. p. 128. t. 43, cum syn.; Walp. l.c. 
p. 688.)— c.p. 1553. 
Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

5. GBISLEA, Loeffl. 

1. a. tomentosa, Eoxb. (Bl. 1. c. p. 127. t. 45, cum syn.)— c.p. 1552. 
Hab. Common in exposed places, in the Maturatte and Oova Dis- 
tricts, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

6. IiAWSONIA, Linn. 

« 

1. Ii. alba, Lam. (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 307, cum syn. ; Wight, Dlust. 
i. 207. t. 87.)— C.P. 1551. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island: Mana«r, Qardner. Batti- 
oaloe. 

SECT. 2. LJOERSTB(EMIEJB. 
7. IiAGEBSTBCEMIA, Linn. 

1. I.. Resimae, Boxb. (Bl. 1. c. p. 126. t. 41 ; Wight, Icones, t. 413.) 
—c.p. 1554. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warm, moister parts of the island, up to 
an eleyation of 1500 feet. Nom. yulg. *' Mooroota-gass." 

8. AXINANDBA, Thw. 

Hook. Jonm. of Bot. 7ol. tL p. 66. Walp. Ann. it, p. 690. 

1. A. Zeylaaica, Thw. 1. c. 1. 1 H; Walp. 1. c— C.P. 2668. 
Hab. Ambagamowa District, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. 



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SiUoragea.] cbtlon plahts. 123 

SECT. 8. SOimERATISJS. 
9. SONNEBATIA, Linn. 

1. 8. adLdfty Linn. (Blame, 1. o. p. 336, cnm vm* ; Wight, loones, t. 
S4O0— c-y- 1595. 

H!ab. Caltnra, Negombo, and other pLices on the coast. Nom. Yiilg. 
<' Gedde-killala-gass.^' 

Bamuli glandnlis 2, parvis, disdformibiis, OTal9)ii8, panlo infrft foUomm siiigiilonim 
inaertionem immersis, stipolas abortivas nmiilantibiis mimiti. 

LXVm. ONAGEACB^. 

1. JUSSL2BA, Linn. 

L J. repensy Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 335, cum syn.) — c.P. 2793. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the islana. Nom, ynlg. 
" Bairoo-deyanella." 
Veiy variable in the degree of pubescence on the foliage and capsules. 

2. J. TflloM, Lam. (W. et A., L c. 336, com 8jn.>— c.p. 2794, 3297. 
Var. ^. suhglahra.t~<^,v, 1540. 

Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. . 

2. LTJDWIGL^ Eoxb. 

1. Xi. parHflora, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 336, cum syn.)— c.p. 1539, 
3298, 3510. 

Var. ^ ; plus minus pubescens. — c.p. 3299. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island, up to no 
great elevation. 

2. Xi. prostrata, Eoxb. (Fl. Ind. i. p^ 420 ; Wight, Icon. t. 762.)— 
C.P. 2795. 

Hab. Caltura, Mo(m, 



LXIX. HALOEAGEiE. 

1. MYBIOPHYULUM, Willd. 

1. M. Xndicnm, Willd. (W. et A. Prod. i. 339, cum syn.)— c.p. 1549. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Jaffiia, etc., Gardner. 

2. SEBPICIJIiA, Linn. 

1. 8. Xndica, Thw.—S. hirsuta, W. et A., 1. c. 338 j Wight, Icones, 
1. 1001 ; Am. Pug. 18 (336). 8, hrevipes, W. et A., 1. c. (An ffaloragis 
oliaantha. Am. 1. c. ; non W. et A P)— c.p. 146, 447, 451, 1545, 2811. 

Hab. Abxmdant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 
8000 feet. 

Sieffirutex procnmbens, glaber vel plus minus hirsutus. Folia alterna, opposita vel 
subvertidllata, rotundata, oblonga vd linearia, cuneata, inciso-dentata. Stamina 8, 
antheris linearibus. Fructus 8-costatu8, costis ssepissime 3-tuberculatis. 



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IM SNtTMSBAinoir OF [Ouew^hitacea* 



3. TBAFA, Liim. 

1. T. bispinosa^ Ebxb. (W. et A., 1. c. 337, cum syn.)— c.P. 
Hab. Tanks, in the hotter pi^rts o£ the island. 



LXX. CUCUEBITACE^. 

TRIBE NHANBIROBEJS, 
1. ZANONIA, Linn. 

1. Z. Indica, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i..340, cum syn.; Wight, Ulust. 
ii. p. 31. 1. 103.)— C.P. 1628. 

Hab. Kot uncommon, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. Tulg. 
"Wal-rasakinda." 

Embryoms oblongi exalbnminofii eotyledonet plans, camoese, pamm inaquaks, 
radicula versus liiliim spectante. 

I have never been so fortunate as to be able to get the female flowers of this 
spepies, so cannot give an analysis of them. The Cinghalese valne this plant as a 
febrifiige. 

2. FESTALOZZIA, Moritzi. 
"Walp. Ann, i. p. 816. 

1. P. laxai Thw. — Zanonia laxa, Wall. PL As. Bar. ii. p. 28 ; Walp. 
Rep, ii. p. 194 ; Amott in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iii. p. 272, in adn. Z. 
Wtghticma, Am. Pug. 38 B (356) ; Walp. 1. c. (An Fest, pedata, Zoll. 
and Mor. ; Walp. 1. c. P)— c.p. 2582. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Fl. Masc. Antherarum loculi longitndinaliter dehiscentes. Fl. Fcem. Ovarium 
sphericum, 6-loculare, placeniis axilibus. Ovula in loculis soUtaria, ab apice pen- 
dula. Styli 3, basi coaliti, apice divergentes, emarginati, bicuspidati. Bacca sphs- 
ricsB, pisi magnitudine, 1-8-spermse. Semina ezalata. 

TRIBE CTJCURBTrMJE. 
3. MELOTHBIA, Linn., Endl. 

Stamina 8, aqualia, bilocularia ; filamentis medio tubi imertis, 

1. M. deltoidaai Thw. — Mchmand/ra deltoidea, Am. 1. c. p. 274 
Brwmia deltoidea, Am. Puff. 19 (337).— c.p. 1610, 2681, 3128. 

Hab. Common up to an devation of 6000 feet. 

Folia deltoidea, hastata vel digitata, parce denticulata, snpeme caUoso-scabra, 
subtns glabra vel ad nervos pilosa, li-3 poll, longa, petioh i-H poll, longo. 
Cirrhi simplices. Floret albidi, limbo expanso, 4 Hn. in diam., ad faucem hirsn- 
tissimi. Masc. : Filamenta brevia. Anthera latee, dorso rnfo-hirsntse, loculis 
lateralibas. Olandula centralis, parva, rotundata, Isevis. Fl. Fosm. AxHlares, 
solitarii vel bini, saepe cnm masccdis intermiiti, longinscnle pedicellati. Siamina 
abortiva 3, filiformia. Ovarium fosiforme. Stylue filiformis, basi annulo glandniari 
cinctus. Stigma magnnm, 8-lobatum. Fructut cylindricos, ntnnque attenuatna vel 
fosiformis, teres vel plus minns acute 6«costatu8. Semina Isevia, complanata, ovalia, 
albida, Ii lin. louga. 



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OmemiMktoMB,'] ovrsoir £i.isri». 126 

4. ZEHNEBIA, Endl. 
Stamina 3, aqualia, bilocularia; JUamentis prope basin tubi insertis, 

1. Z. Sookeriana, Am. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iii. p. 275. — Bryonia 
MooJeeriana, W. et A., 1. c. 345 ; Wight, Icones, t. 758. — c.p. 1613. 

Sab. Very abundant in the Centm Province, at an elevation of 2000 
to 4000 feet. 

2. Z. Garcini, Stocks in Hook. Jonm. of Bot. iv. (1852) p. 149.— 
Sryonia Garcini, Willd. ; W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.— c.p. 1611. 

Hab. Ja&a, Gardner, 

3. Z. nmbellatay Thw. — Ka/rvoia umhellata, Am. 1. c. Bryonia 
umbellata, Herb. Mad. 5 W. et A., L c. cum svn. — c.p. 1619, 3506. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Floret albidi, ore contneti, glandula triloba, Mfo-hirsata. Masc. Bracteola 
camosse, apicnlatse. Connectivum rotandatain, ad apicem Mvo-hirsutnm. Fosm. 
Stamina abortiva 8, filifonnia, tnmcata. Ovarium subcylindricnm, versus apicem 
parum contractom. 

5. JBOHMANDBA, Am., Walp. 

Stamina 5, umloctUaria, fauce inserta, 
t FUamentis antherisqtie Z-adelphis, 

1. JE. ei^igsea. Am. 1. c. p. 274. — Bryonia epigcBa, Bottl. ; W. et A., 
1. c^. 346, cum syn. ; Wignt, Icones, t. 503. — c.p. 1622. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

ft FUamentis Z-adelphis, antkeris distincOt, 

2. JE. Zeylanica, Thw. ; foliis ^blongis vel hastato-oblon^, oor- 
datis, aeuminatis vel obtusis, subintegris vel sinuatis, paroe dentioulatis, 
snpeme plus minus calloso-scabris, subtus subglabris ; Jloribus monoi- 
cis ; dentibus calycinis brevibus ; corolla lobis rotundatis, aeuminatis. 
Masc. Bacemosis, pedunculatis. Fcem. Brevi-pedunculalis ; ovario 
sphffirico, 4-6-ovulato.— c.p. 3002, 3500. 

Hab. Central Province, at sai elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Folia 3-6 poll, longa, petiolo i-li poll, longo. Flores flavi, 3-4 lin. in exp. 
Anihera obHqne patelliformes, dorso ^iffixe. Filamenta brevissima. Bacca trans- 
verse oUongse, 2-6-8perm8B, coccinese, circiter 6 lin. in max. diam. Semina ampol- 
lifonnia, parnm compressa, 8 lin. in diam., nigra, zona pallida incomplete marginata. 

6. MIJEilA, Am., Walp. 

Stamina 5, unHoeularia, prope basin tubi inserta ; filamentis antherisque 
Z-4k-adelphis, 

1. M. sealirella, Am. 1. c. p. 276. — Bryonia scabroUat Linn. ; W. et 
A., 1. c. p. 345, cum syn. — c.p. 1616. 

Hab. Very abimdant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. M. leiosp«r»a, Thw. — Bryonia Idosperma, W. et A., 1. 0. cum 

syn. — c.p. 2700. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 5000 feet. 

Closely allied, as observed l^ Wight and Amott, to the preceding, bat I find 
in the maje- flowers of the present plant a rudimentary pistu, surrounded at the 
base, as in the female flowers, with a gUmdular annnlus, whflst in M, sQabrHla 
the male flowers have merely a small rounded gland at the base of the tube. 



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126 BiruMBiUTioK OF ICueufhitaeeiS. 



7. BBYONIA9 Liim. 

1. B. Uciniosa, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. 344, cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 600.)--c.p. 1606. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

8. OITBULLXTS, Neck. 

1. O. OolocynthLi, Am. 1. c. p. 276 ; Wight, Icones, t. 498.— CwctMww 
Cohcynthis, Linn. ; W. et A., 1. c. p. 342, cum §yn. — c.p. 1607. 
Hab. Jaffiia and Batticaloa, Gardner, Nom. vulg. '' Yak-komadoo." 

9. MOMOBDIOA, Linn. 

1. M. dioica, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 348, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
tt. 505, 506.)— C.P. 197 (1617). 

Vap. )3. denudata; florihus masc. et fcem. panim minoribus ; hracteis 
parvis, inconspicuis.— c.p. 1615. (An species distincta P) 

Hab. Vap. a. Very abundant in Ihe warmer parts of the island. Var. p. 
Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. Kom. vulg. 
** Toomba-karawilla." 

Although the var. fi, owing to the absence of the large bractese, has a very 
different appearance to var. a, I have searched in vain for any other character of 
the least importance to distingnish them, and therefore think it safer to describe 
them as forms of one species. 

2. M. Charantia^ Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, t. 
604u)— C.P. 1614. 

Hab. Common in bushy places, near native gardens, up to an eleva- 
tion of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Karawilla," " Battoo-karawilla." 

The several cultivated varieties of this species are much used as a vegetable by 
the Cinghalese. 

10. LUFPA, Toumef. 

t AntherU disHnciis. 

1. li. pentandray Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 343, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 499.)— C.P. 2805. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Neyang- 
ratta-coloo." 

ft JntkerU Z^adelphU, 

2. li. acutan«nila, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— o.p. 1624. 
Hab. Common*in and near native gardens. Nbm.vulg. " Vatta-ooloo." 
I have found the anthers triadelphons in all the specimens of this species I have 

examined. 

The young fruit of this and of the preceding are used as vegetables by the Cin- 
ghalese, but the present one is most esteemed. 

11. TBIOHOSAWTHES, lann. 

1. T. cocomeiina, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 360, cum syn.)— c.p. 2806. 
Var. ^. laciniosa,^^.T, 1620. 



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Cucurbiiacea.'] cbtlon plants. 127 

Hab. Very common in tlie warmer parts of the island. Nom. Tiilg. 
" Doommaala." 
This plant is mach esteemed as a febrifiige. 

2. T. nerrifoliay Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 349, cum syn.)— c.p. 1608. 
Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Floret albL Frudut ovatos vel sabrotnndos, acuminatus, coccmeos. SenUna 
panca, compressa, margine incrassato angolatoqne, fosca, longe funicolata^ epidennide 
coccinea vcitita. 

3. T. integrifolia, Thw. ; dioica, foUis glabris, subcoriaceis, integris, 
▼enosis, eUipticis oyatisve, acuminatis vel rarius lanceolatis, trinerviis, 
basi rotundatis vel cordatis ; cirrhis simplicibus ; Jloribus majusculis, 
solitariis, axillaribus ; frudiims majusculis, camosis, spbsBricis, obtuse 
brevi-apiculatis ; seminibus numerosis, compactis, horizontalibus, in 
quoque loculo 2-serialibu8. — c.p. 1629. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

FoUa 21-6 polL longa, li-2 poll. IbAa, petiolo 8-5 lin. longo. Flores albidL 
Fhtctus coccineus, 2 poll, in diam. Semina Isevia, oblonga, obliqua, compressa, ad 
lulum tnmcata, apice bidentata, 6 lin. longa, epidennide nigro-viridi vestita. 

4. T. palmata, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c, cum svn.)— c.p. 1626. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 ^t. Nom. vulg. " Titta- 
hondala." 

12. GYMNOFETALUM, Am., Endl. 

1. a. IJITiflrHtii, Am. 1. c. p. 278 ; Walp. Eep. ii. p. 203.— c.p. 1626. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 500iD feet. 

Flares dioici, albidi, 6-7 lin. in exp., tuho piloso 5 lin. longo. Calycis lobi 
Hnearea. PekUa oblonga, snbacnta. Masc. lUamenta 8-adelpha, snpra medinm 
tnbi inserta. F(BM. Ovarium fosiforme, pilosnm. Stylut cylindricns. Stigmata 8, 
lineaiia. Fruetut ovaHs, rostratns, coccinens, li-2 poll, longos. Semina fosco- 
nigra, 8 lin. longa, pnlpa pallide oocdnea immersa. 

2. O. Zejlaalcnm, Am. 1. c. — Bryonia tubiflora, W. et A., 1. c. p. 
347. 

Hab. Trincomalee, Klein, Wight, 

I have never met with this plant, so cannot give a decided opinion as to whether 
it may or not be specifically different from the preceding. The differences described 
hardly seem, in tins £unily, sufficient to indicate more than forms of one species. 
The leaves on some of my roecimens of O. Wightii exhibit an approach in form to 
those of the present one. 1 find the calyx always hairy in the former, and Wight 
and Amott describe the froit of the latter as slightly pilose. The seeds appear to be 
the same in both. 

13. OXTOXTMIS, Linn. 

1. O. pvbeseens, WiUd. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 342, cum syn.) — c.p. 3534. 
Hab. Common on mbbish and bn roadsides. Nom. vulg. " Gong- 

kakiree." 

2. O. tri|iron«*9 Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. P Wight, Icon. t. 497 P) 
— C.P. 1618. 

Hab. Aripo and Batticaloa, Qard/ner. 

"Mj specimens closely resemble Wight's figore, bat are not sufficiently perfect to 
enable me to fed qnite certain as to their identity. 



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128 BNITMEBATION OF f^S^ffOniocetB. 



14. COCOINEA, W. et A. 

1. O. Zndiea, W. et A., 1. c. p. 347, cum syn.— c.p. 1609. 
Hab. Common in waste places. Ifom. vulg. '' Kowakka." 



LXXI. PASSIFLOEACE^. 

1. MODEOCA, Linn. 

1. K. IKTIglitUBia^ WahL (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 863, cnmsyn.; Wiglit, 
loon. 1. 179.)— C.P. 1621. 

Hab. Putlam, Gardner, 

2. M. palmata. Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 201.) 
— c.p. 1627. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Hon- 
dala." 

The root is said to be poisonous ; it is used by the Cinghalese as a medicine. 

Paasifiora minima, Jacq. (P. Walkeriai Wight, Illnst. ii. p. 39. 1. 108), is not 
oneemmon in cnltiviited gronnd, bnt eim scarody be considered iodigenoos. The 
same may be said of P,fcetida, L. 



LXXn. BEGONIACKE. 

1. BEGOIHA, Linn. 
(Nom. vnlg. ** Hakambala.**) 

1. B. MalalMriea^ Dryand. in Linn. 8oc. Trans, i. p. 171 ; PEoxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. p. 648 ; Eheede, Hort. Mai. ix. p. 167. t. 86. 

Yar. 0. d^etala; florihus dipetdis yd scepe petaHs interioiflbid 1 f el 
2 an^nstis omatis. — B. dipetata, Grab, in Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 284d ; 
Wight, Icon. t. 1813. Saagea dipetalOi Elotzsch, £eg<m. Gatt. ttnd 
Art. p, 104; Walp. Ann. iv. p, 921,— c.p. 2807. 

Flore$ losaod tcI albidi. 

There can scarcely be a doubt, 1 think, of this bemg the ]^nt ignred by Bheedn^ 
The one deaeribed by •Roxburgh would secto to haTS larger and di£feren% shiqMd 
inner petals. 

' Sect. JEteichenheimia. 

2. B. Thwaitesii, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4692. — Beichenheimia 
Thwaitesii, Klotzsch, 1. c. p. 55. t. 4 ^ ; Walp. 1. c. p. 894.— c.p. 2808. 

Hab. Hunasgiria and Matele Districts, in the Central ProTince, at 
an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

3. B. subpeltata, Wight, Icon. t. lS12,'^Seichenheimia 8uhp€U(gi€^ 
Klotzsch, Lc. ; Walp. I.e.— c.p. 2597. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District^ at an elevation of from 3000 to 4000 
feet. 

This is closely allied to the last species, but its leaves are more angidar, its pedun- 
cles longer and less hairy, flowers larger. 



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Ciietacea.^ cetlok plants. 129 

Sect. Di^loclinium, 

4. B. cordifolia. — Diplocliniwrn cordifoliumy Wight, Icon. t. 1816 ; 
Klotz. 1. c. p. 71 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 904.— c.p. 3584. 

Hab. On shady banks, in the Batticaloa and Bintenne Districts, at 
no great elevation. 

Ceylon specimens dififer a little from Dr. Wight's figure in having the petioles 
more or less pilose, and the flowers rather larger, bat they closely resemble it in 
otker respects. 

Another species of Begonia (c.p. 3460) occurs in the south of the island, but my 
specimens are too imperfect to describe from. The stem Is a few inches in length, 
closely pitted with the scars of the fallen leaves, and the whole plant is covered with 
a dense red pubescence. 



LXXITI. CEASSULACEL^. 
1. yAT.ATTCHOE, Adams. 

1. K. floribunda, W. et A. Prod. i. p. 359 P— C.P. 540. 
Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Glaberrima, l^-S-pedalis. Folia ovaHa, crenato-serrata, longinscule petiolata, 
ftoralia acuta, radicalia. valde obtusa. Oyma laxse, paniculatse. Floret lutei, 
rubro-tincti. 

This differs from the described form of K. floribunda in being perfectly smooth. 
The branches of the cyme, too, of the present plant can hardly be called ra- 
oemiform. 

2. K. laciniata^ DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 1. 1158.) 
Hab. Central Province, Moon, JT. de Alwis, 

I have not found this species, nor are there specimens of it in this Herbarium, 
bnt Mr. Alwis, the draughtsman of this establi^ment, assures me he has seen it 
growing wild on the hills near Kandy. 

2. BBYOPHYLLUM, Salisb, 

1. B. calycinum, Salisb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 541. 
Hab. Not very uncommon ; up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Akka-paana," " Eata-gowa." Said to have been introduced. 



LXXIV. CACTACE^. 
1. BHIFSALIS, Gsertn. 

1. R. Oassytha, Gsertn. pC. Prod. iii. p. 476.)— c.p. 2976. 

Hab. Not imcommon ; upon rocks and trees throughout the Central 
Province, and certainly indigenous. 

FUimi teretes. Floret albidi. Calycis segmenta 4-5, acuta, valde insequalia, apice 
rabro-tincta. Petala 3-6, oblonga, obtusa. Stamina circiter 20. Ovarium incom- 
plete 3-4-loculare, pluri-ovulatum'. Styltu simplex. Stigma 3-4-lobatum. Bacca 
ovaliB, albida, sabtninshicens, pisi parn magnitndine, Semina oblonga, nigra, nitida, 
inoonspicne stxiRta. 



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130 BNUMEEATiON OF lUmbelUfer^JB. 



LXXV. SAXIFEAGACEJE. 

1. VAHLIA, Thunb. 

1. V. oldenlandioides, Eoxb. (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 364, cum syn. ; 
Wkht, Icon. t. 562.)— c.p. 1686. 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island. 

2. V. TiscoM, Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 563.) 
— c.p. 1687. 

Hab. Jafi&ia, Gardner. 



LXXVI. UMBELLIFEE^. 

1. HYDBOCOTYLE, Toumef. 

1. li. Asiatica, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 366, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 565.)— .? jff. lurida, Hance in Walp. Ann. ii. 690.— c.p. 2810. 

Hab. Very abundant up to the most elevated parts of the island. 
Nom. vulg. " Heen-gotoocola." Used by the Cingnalese as an anthel- 
mintic. 

2. S. Javaaica, Thunb. (DC. Prod. iv. p. 67.)— JGT. Nepalensis, 
Hook. Ex. Fl. i. t. 30. H, Zevlanica, et var. ^ Heyneana,DC, I.e. 
H.polycephala, W. et A., 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1003.— c.p. 1634. 

var. iS ; foliis, petiolis pedtmculisque plus minus villosis, pedicellis 
fructu maturo eequilongis. — An JT. gtohata, Blume, Bijd. p. 883 ? — c.p. 
2812. 

Hab. Var. a. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. 
fi. In the more elevated parts of the island, up to 7000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. ^ Maha-gotookola.** 

3. H. nitidtaa^ Eich. (Hook. 1. c. t. 29 ; DO. 1. c. p. 66).— IT. rottm- 
difolia, Eoxb. M. Ind. ii. p. 88 ; Wight, Icon. t. 564. An JE, ranwn- 
culoides, L., var. incisa,,^hxme, I.e. p. 884 P — c.p. 1635. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 
Folia subtus villosola. Fructus brevissime pedicellati, mericarpiis glabris ad la- 
tent l-costata. 

2. SAWlCTJIiA, Toumef. 

1. S. Enropeea, L., var. elata, — 8. elata, Ham. ; W. et A., 1. c. p. 367, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. tt. 334 et 1004.— c.p. 2813. 
Hab. Newera EUia and Maturatte. 



3. HELOSCIADIXTM, Koch. 

1. S. Seyneaaam, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 368, cum syn.) — Sium 
tritematum, Moon, Cat. p. 22. — c.p. 182. 

Hab. Four Corles, Moon, Very abundant in the Oova District, up 
to an elevation of 4000 feet. Worn. vulg. " Wal-asamodagan." 



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AriUiacea.^ cbtlon plants. 131 

4. FIMPINELI.A, Liim. 

1. P. lieschenanltii, IX). Pr. iv. p. 122 ; W. et A., 1. o. p. 3 ; Wight, 
Icon. 1. 1005.— c.p. 515 (530). 

Hab. Between Horton Plains and Galagama, Gardner, Bopatalawa 
Plains, at an eleyation of 6000 feet. 

Caulis l-4-pedali8, pills deflezis hirsntus. Folia radicalia caalinaque cordato- 
orbicalaria vel subdeltoidea, grosse dentata, supeme glabra, subtus pilosola. Umbella 
radii ssepissiipe 12-20, involucro nuUo. Umbellularum radii 15-20, involucelli* 
drciter 6-phylli8. Floret albi. 

My specimens of what I believe to be this species, are somewhat intermediate be- 
tween those described by De Candolle and Wight and Arnott, and the P. Candol- 
leaTta of the latter authors, but agree most essentially with the former in the cha- 
racter of the firuit, and in the leaves being glabrous above. Are they all forms of 
one species ? 

5. BlTFIiEXJBTJM, Toumef. 

1. B. falcatam, linn., var. — B, ramosksimum, W. et A., 1. c. p. 370 ; 

Wight, Icones, t. 1007. B. virgatum, W. et A., 1. c. B, nervosum, 
Moon, Cat. p. 22.— c.p. 225 (508). 

Hab. Oova District, Moon, Newera Ellia, Maturatte, and other 
elevated parts of the Central Province. 

6. FAIiIMBIA, Bess., DC. 

1. P. ramosissima^ DC. — Peucedanum Zeylanitmm, Grardn. MSS. — 
c.p. 135. 

Hab. Above Gtdagama, Ga/rdmer, 

In one of the speamens collected by Dr. Gardner there are the remains of a few- 
leaved involncrum at the base of one of the umbels. 

7. HEBACIiETJMy Linn. 

1. S. Spreni^liaaum, W. et A., 1. c. p. 372 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1008. 
—C.P. 145. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Folia sparse pilosa vel subtus prsecipue dense villosa, segmentis ^utis vel rotun- 
datis. Mericarpii vittse commissurales aliquando 6, 2 exteriora multo breviora. 



LXXVII. AEALIACE^. 

1. HEDEBAy Linn, 
t Stylis distinctis, denique divergentibus. (Aealia.) 

1. S. acuminata, Wight, Icon. t. 1062; Walp. Ann. i. p. 358.— JJ. 
parasitica, Don, Pr. Fl. TSTep. p. 188; DC. Prod. iv. p. 265.— c.p. 4. . 

Hab. Banks of streams, near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 4000 
to 5000 feet. 

My specimens are 5-7-foliolate, but agree so well in every other respect with Dr. 
Wight's figure, that there can be but little doubt of the two plants being identical. 



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132 BNUMEBATioN OF lAraltoceiB, 

I adopt Wight's name in preference to Don's, as from what I observed of the small 
trees of this species, it had no appearance of being parasitical. 

ft Stylis drevidus, coadunatis. (Euhedera.) 

2. H. racemosa, Wight, Ibon. t. 1016 ; Walp. 1. c— c.p. 549 (659). 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor magna, partibus novellis fngaci-ferrngineo-furfuraceis. Panicula ssDpe 
valde elongatse ramosaeque. Fedicelli iasciculato-racemosi. Florea 5W-meri. 

This agrees in so many respects iitith Dr. Wight's figure and description, that it 
is most probably identical with his plant, thongh he makes no mention of the ferru- 
ginous tomentnm upon: the young parts, which however speedily disappears. 

ttt Stylisnullis. (Parateopia.) 
* Folu8 digiiaiit» 

3. S. Vahlii, Thw. — ^. terehinthacea, Vahl, Symb. iii. p. 42P 
Paratropia terehinthacea, Am. Pug. 20 (338) ; Walp. Eep. ii. p. 433. — 
C.p. 1632. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Itta." 

Arbor scandens, epiphyta, balsamiflora, partibus novellis glaberrimis. Fanicula 
juniorea bracteatse; bracteis lanceolatis, 3-4 lin. longis, cito deciduis. Umbella 
6-8-flor8e. Florea 6-9-meri, ssepiasime 8-meri. Bacca flavs. 

Notwllhstanding the discrepancy with Vahl's description of his plant, as having a 
single style of equal length with the stameiis, there can be. little doubt of the present 
being his species, as it is the common, and, I believe, the only one occurring in the 
lower part of the Island, x 

4. H. ezaltata, Thw. ; arborea ; foliolis 7-9, majusculis, coriaceis, 
glabris, integris, oblongis, basi rotundatis vel Bubcordati8,petiolati8, venis 
non prominentibus ; umhellis lO-lS-floris, longiuscule pedunculatis, ra- 
cemosis ; fiorihus 8-9-meri8. — ^An Paratropia Wallichiana, W. et A. P 
-^c.p. 1633. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Fartea novella glabra? Foliola 6-10 poll, longa, 2i-4 pdL 
lata ; peiiolulia k-2\ poll, longis. 

This would appear to be closely allied to F. Wallichiana^ W. et A., if it be not 
identical with k, seeing how much the species vary in the number of parts of the 
flower. ^ 

•» Foliia l-^-foliolatia. 

5» Hk emarg^ata, Moon's Cat. -p. 18 ; scandens, fruticosa, glabra ; 
foliis petiolatis ; foliolis 1-3-nis, ssepissime solitariis, cuneatis, subsessi- 
libus, apice truncatis, emarginatis ; paniculis folio longioribus, parce 
ramosis ; umbellis longiuscule pedunculatis, 5-8-fioris ; fiorihus 6-meri8. 
— <3.p. 665. 

Hab» Saffragam, Moon, Central Province, up to an elevation o€ 
AXX) feet. 

Foliola l-2i poll, longa, 4-12 lin. lata, utrinque (sicca) promiuentim venosa, 
Hd apicem incrassatum petioli 3^9 lin. longi articulata. Florea albidi, rubro-tincti, 
ttirciter 14 lin. ia diam.) margine calycina obscure 6-dentata. 



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LoraiUhacea.} csylov PLAin». 183 

LXXVIII. ALANGIACSLE. 

1. AI.ANGITJM, Liim. 

1. A. laamarckii^ Thw. — A. decapetalmn, Lam.; W. et A. Prod. i. 
p. 325, cum syn. A. hexapetalum. Lam. ; W. et A., 1. c. p. 326, cum 
syn. A. tomentosum. Lam. ; DC. Prod. iii. p. 204.-- c.P. 760 (1^97, 1698, 
1599, and 2498). 

TTab. Hotter parts of the island, up to no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. " Eepaatta. * 

The several forms of this species merge so completely into one another, that I find 
it q^te impossible to separate them. The amount of pubescence and number of 
spines seem quite dependent upon the character of the climate, luxuriance of the 
plaiit, etc., specimens from the dry northern parts of the island being more strongly 
marked in that respect than those from the moister southern districts. 

2. A. g^landulosum, Thw. ; partihus novellis mfo-farfuraceis ; foliis 
ovatis vel oblongis, rostrato-acuminatis, basi 3-nervii8, superne glabris, 
snbtus glandulis nitentibus minutissimis aspersis, ad axillas yenarum 

{>rimariarum glanduloso-porosis; petiolatis \floribtuf axillaribus, fascicu- 
atis, externe glandulosis, parce nirsutis ; pedicellia (petiolis subsequi- 
longis) calycibusque rufo-glanduloso-furfuraceis. — c.P. 381. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
Arbor parva, subscandens, plus minus spinosa. Folia 2^-6 poll, longa, l-2i poll. 
lata, petiolo circiter 3 lin. longo. Calyx parvus, 6-7*dentatns, basi 3-4-bracteo- 
latus. Petala 5-6, \ poll, longa. Stamina 15-20, interne prope basin pilosa. 
Stylus clavatus. Stigma discoideum, 4-radiatnm. Fructtis rufus, pulposus, sphse- 
ricos, 6 lin. in diauL 

Closely allied to the last, but well distinguished by the deep-red glandular furfii- 
rescence of the young shoots, and of the pedicels and calyces, by the glandular petals 
and under-surface of the leaves, and by the mueh smaller flowers and fruit. 

LXXIX. LOEANTHACE^. 

1. LOBANTHTJS, Linn. 
Nom.vulg. "Pdilla." 

Sect. 1. Trihrdcteolati, 

1. li. loiiiceroid«s, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. p. 382, cum syn. ; Wight; 
Icon. t. 303.)--c.p. 675, 2551 (1643). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

2. la. capitellatiis, W. et A., 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 304.— i3.p. 2814. 
Hab. Central Province and Safiragam, up to an elevation of 3000 

feet. 

This, I suspect, is but a form of the preceding, which it very much resembles in 
many respects. 

Sect. 2. ^Involucrati. 

3. Xa. Gardner!, Thw. ; foliis glabris, coriaceis, suboppositis, lanceo- 
latis vel ovato-lanceolatis, basi rotundatis vol subcordatis, petiolatis ; 
involucris subsessilibus, 5-6-phyllis, externe pilosulis, segmentis Ian* 
ceolatis, flores 5-6 multo longiores cingentibus. — c.P. 1644. 



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134 BKUMBIUTIOK OF [LoratUhiicea. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Bamuli teretes, glabri, rabro-Digrescentes. Folia 8-6 poll, longa, li-3 poll, lata 
(janiora rofesceutia), petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Involucra rubra, segmentis 3-6 lin. 
longis. P lores rabri, versos apicem virides^ pollicares. Corolla 5-fi88a, fissura antica 
longior6j infra medium attingente. 

Sect. 3. Unihracteolati, 

t Corolla recta t aqualUer JUsa, 

. 4. li. Hookerianns, W. et A., 1. c. 5. 381.— c.p. 1645. 

Hab. Batticaloa, Gardner; Hantani and Maturatte, in tlie Central 
Province. 

Spica solitariee vel binse. Flores flavo-rufescentes, 4 lin. longi. 

5. li. nodiflonui, Thw. ; foliis glabris, coriaceis, ovato-lanceolatis, 
acnminatis, basi parum angostatis, petiolatis; JlarihtM parvis; axil> 
laribus, sessilibnfl, confertis; hracteola caZyccque furfiiraceis ; corolla 
glabra, 4-fi88a.— c.p. 2589. 

Hab. Damp forests in the Ambagamowa District, at no great ele- 
vation. 

Bamuli compressi, glabri, gemmis parce fdrfuraceis. Folia 2i-5 poll, longa, 1-2^ 
poU. lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Floret rubri, 5 lin. longi. 

6. li. N«asrlierr«nsis, W. et A., 1. c. p. 382 j Wight, Icon. 1. 1020.— 
c.p. 1647 (1648, 2483). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 7000 feet. 

Pedunculi 2-9 Un. longi. Corolla rubro-sangninea Tel saepius basi apiceqoe flavo- 
rubra, medio viridis. 

May not this be a state of Z. elasticus, Desv., from which it appears to differ bat 
little except in its flowers being pedunculate ? 

ft Corolla plus minus curvata, inaquaiiter Jissa. 
% Corolla segmentis 5. 

7. la. lons^onui, Desv. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 384, cum eyn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 302.)— c.p. 198 (1648). 

Var. ^.— X. cmflextfolius, DC. ; W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 2414, 2721. 

Hab. Var. a. Common in the warmer parts of the island. Var. /9. 
Deltotte and Ambagamowa, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Var. a and jS merge so insensibly into one another, that 1 have not the least doubt 
of their being the same species. The flowers vary very much in length and in in- 
tensity of c<^ur. 

8. li. •nsifoUns, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oppositis, membranaceis, an- 
guste falcato-l^nceolatis, 3-5-nervii8, petiolatis ; racemis axillaribus 
terminalibusque, l-2-ni8, foHo subsequilongis, 10-20-flori8 ; pedicellis 
ovario lon^ioribus ; bracteolis minutis.— c.p. 3453. 

Hab. Near Patnapoora, at an elevation of 1000 feet. 
Bamuli teretes, glabri. Folia 2-4 polL longa, i-1 poll, hita, petiolo 2-4 lin. 
longo. 

This species appears to be rare ; I have not seen the flowers of it. 

9. Is, suborbicularia^ Thw. ; partihtis novellis ferrugineo-furfuraceis ; 
foliis coriaceis, rotunda^ vel obovato-rotimdatis, obtiuis, 3-nervii8, basi 
plus minus acutis, petiolatis, (siccis) rugulosis ; racemis axillaribus, 1-2- 
nis, tomenteUis, foho brevioribus ; pedicellis ovaiio subsequilongis ; calyce 
subacute 5-dentato j brcusteola ovario dimidio breviore ; corolla 5-par- 



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L€fraiUhacea,'] ceylon plaints. 136 

tita, exteme stellato-pilosula, segmentis linearibns ; bcufcis oblongis. — 
c.p. 474. 

Hab. Newera and other of the most elevated parts of the island. 

Hamuli teretes, scabri, fosco-cinerei. Folia l-2i poll. Ignga, peiiolo 2-4 Hn. 
lougo. Flores flavo-virides, apice rufescentes, poUicares. 

10. Xi. lig^olatiui, Thw. ; 'foliis glabris, camoso-coriaceis, eyeniis, 
linearibas vel oblongis, apice rotundatis, basi acntis, petiolatis ; racemis 
^labris, pancifloris, folio brevioribus vel subsquilongis ; pedicellis ovario 
xongioriDns ; hracteola minuta, rotundata ; calvce obscure denticulato ; 
corolla glabra, 5-fis8a, segmentis spathnlato^inearibos acutis. — c.p. 
1640. 

Hab. Jafiha and Oalpentyne, Ga/rdmer, 

Bamuli teretes. Folia |-2 poll, longa, 2^5 lin. lata, petioh 1-2 Hn. longo. 
Flares pollicares. 

11. Xi. enneatus^ Heyne (W. et A., 1, c. p. 386, cum syn.) — c.p. 2664 
(2562 pwrtvm), 

Var. iS ; foliis majoribns, plus minus stellato-puberulis, denique 

flabris. — i. goodemifloms, W, et A., 1. c. X. Candolleantis, W. et A., 
, c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 306. 
Var. y ; florihus longioribua, cum peduneulis pedicellisqae breve 
incano-tomentosis. — c.p. 1641. 

Hab. Varr. a and jS. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the 
island, and very destructive to orange- and other fruit-trees. Var. y. 
Jaffna, Gardner, 

Varr. a and ^ merge imperceptibly into one another, and the more pnbescent state 
of the latter seems to differ in nothing from L. Candolleanus, W. et A., as figured 
by Dr. Wight. I have not seen var. y in a fresh state. 

12. Xi. scleropliylliui^ Thw. ; foliis Yslde coriaceis, obovato-spathulatis, 
obtuflis, brevi-])etiolatis, plerisque 3-nerviis \juniorihus fugacissime stel- 
lato-pubescentibus ; inflorescentia subglabra; pedtmculis azillaribus, 
1-3-nis, brevibus, 2-6-nori8 ; pedicellis\xiQbe]\aX\s, ovario subsquilongis ; 
hracteola ovario dimidio breviore ; califce 6-dentato.— c.p. 2442 (2662, 
partim), 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Famuli teretes, scabri. Folia f-3 poll, longa, 8 lin., \\ poll, lata, costa mar- 
ginef^Q ssepissime rubris. Flores poUicares, flavo-rufescentes, segmentis corollse 
angoste lanceolatis. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, from which its very coriaceous, 3-nerved 
leaves distinguish it. L. memecylifoHus, W. et A., judging fix)m Dr. Wight's figure 
in Icones, t. 142, would appear to resemble the present plant in many respects, 
bnt the shape and venation of the leaves are different. 

13. Xi. tomentososy Heyne, (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icones, 
t. 378.) 

Var. normalis; 'ferrugineo- vel criseo^tomentosus ; foliis supeme 
denique glabris; hracteolis ovario brevioribus. — X. incanus. Moon's 
Cat. p. 26.— c.p. 1642. 

Var. lanugvnosus; florihus brevioribus, longe et dense lanatis ; 5rac- 
t^lis sessiliDus et ovario parum longioribus vel majoribus, foUaceis, 
stipitatis ; caeteroquin ut in var. prseced. — c.p. 2492. 

Hab. Var. normalis. Abundant up to an elevation of 6000 feet. Var. 
lanuginosus. In the Oova and Maturatte Districts, from 3000 to 6000 
feet. 



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136 ENUMSBATiON OF ICaprifoliocets. 

I have little doubt that the first of tlie above varieties is the typical form of the 
species, whilst in the latter variety, as well as in others described by previous 
authors, the bracteoles must be looked upon as in an abnormal condition, putting 
on, as they do, more or less of a leaf-like appearance. 

tt Corolla segmentis 4. 

14. li. baddleioides, Desv. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 383, cum syn.)— c.p. 
2391. 
Hab. Drier parts of the island, up to an eleyation of 4000 feet. 

2. VISCXTM, Toumef. 

1. V. ori«iitBl«^ Willd. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 379, cum syn.)— F. verru- 
culosum, W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 412 (480, 481, 1639). 

Hab. Central I^rovince, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

2. V. capitellatum, Smith, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 380, cum syn.)— c.p. 
1638. 

Hab. Yery common in the warmer parts of the island, often parasitic 
upon species of Loranthtuf. 

3. V. spaihiilifbUam, Thw. ; ramis elongatis, teretibus, trichotomis, 
singulis ad basin inyolucro parvo cupuliformi cinctis; foliis opposi- 
tis, anguste spathulatis, obtusis, 3-nerviis ; florihus laxe spicatis. — c.p. 
336. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, Gardrier, 

4. V. attenoatum, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 479, 1637. 
Hab. Jaffna, Galagama, Gardner, 

6. V. monUiforme, Blume (W. et A., 1. c. cujn syn, ; Wight, Icon, 
tt. 1018, 1019.)— c.p. 295. 

Hab. Common in the most elevated parts of the Central Province. 



LXXX. CAPEIPOLIACE^. 

SECT. LONICERE^ 

1. DICHILANTHE, Thw. 

Hook. Kew Joum. of Bot. viii. pp. 270, 376 ; Hook. fil. et Thomson in 
linn. Soc. Journ. (Bot.) ii. p. 164. 

1. D. Zeylanica, Thw. 1. c. ; H.f. et T. 1. o. p. 174.— c.p. 3422. 
Hab. In forests between Guile and Batnapoora, at an elevation of 
1000 feet. 

SECT. SAMBUOEJE, 
2. VIBUBNTIM, Linn. 

1. V. ernbMcens, WaU. (H.f. et T. 1. c. p. 177, cum syn.)— C.P. 1636. 
Hab. Horton Plains, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 

2. V. hebaathum, W. et A. Prod. i. 388 ; Wight, Icon. 1. 1023.— 
V. coriacetm, Bl. Var. ^. H.f. et T. 1. o. F. Zevlanica^ Gardn. MS. 
— C.P. 39 (73). 



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BubiaceisJ] ceylon plants. 137 

HJLB. Very abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 
to 7000 feet. 



LXXXI. EUBIACEJE. 

Sect. 1. Corollce segmentis cBstivatione valvatis. 

t Ovarii loculii bi-pluriovulatis. 

X Placenta apicem prope hculi crfftxaj pendula, 

1. NATJCIiEA, Linn, 
f Flatanocarpum. 

1. N. coadtuutta, Eoxb. (DC. Prod. iv. p. 344, cum syn.) — c.p. 1668. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. I^om. vulg. 

" Bakmee-gass." 

ft Nauclearia, 

2. If . Cadamba^ Eoxb. (DC. 1. c. cum syn.) — N. orientalisy L. (par^ 
tim.y-^.v, 1669. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ha- 
lamba-gass.*' 

3. N. parrifolia, Eoxb. (DC. 1. c. cum syn.) — N, orientalis, Linn. 
ipartim.) — C.P. 780. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

4. N. tnbttlosa, Am. ; foliis glabris (junioribus ad nervos minutis- 
sime puberulis), ovatis, obtusis vel parum acuminatis, basi rotundatis 
subcordatisve, petiolatis ; stipulis magnis, membranaceis, obovatis ; pe- 
dujiculis terminalibus, ssBpissime ternis, intermedio breviore vel sessili ; 
calyce cylindrico, subintegro, bracteolis obtusis longiore ; stigmate lon- 
giusculo, utrinque truncato ; capsulis majusculis, oblongis, polyspermis. 
-C.P. 1667. 

Var. p. Tninor ; foliis capitulisqxie minoribus. — c.p. 1666. 

Hab. Var. a. Very abundant in the Kokool Corle. Var. jS. Hot, drier 
parts of the island. 

Arbor parva. Folia sobmembranacea, minutissime reticulata, 2-6 poll, longa, 
petiolo 4-6 lin. longo. Capitula in anthesi circiter \\ poll, in diain. (var. /3 pollicaria), 
prope basin foliis stipolisqae 2 decidais bracteata. Calyx l~li lio. longos. Corolla 
paipnrea. Anthera apiculatce. Captula 8-4 lin. longa. 

ttt FetUacorffna. 

5. N. cordifoUa, Eoxb. CN, et A., 1. c. cum syn.)—c.p. 1660. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Colong-gass.** 

6. N. pedancularis, Wall. Cat. 6091 ; Wain. Eep. ii. p. 612.— iV: 
triflora, Moon's Cat. p. 14. An N, purpurea, Eoxb., var. P— c.p. 2820. 

Hab. Safiragam and contiguous cUstncts, up to an elevation of 1000 
feet, not uncommon. CentrS Province, rare. 

Jrbor mediocris, ramulis parce compressis. Fedunculi 1-2 poll, longi, inter' 
mecUus parom longior, paulo infra medium bracteolis 4 parvis munitus. Capitula 
in anthesi 8-9^ lin. in diam. Corolla ochracea, pnrpurascens. 

T 



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138 BNUMBBATlON OF [Jiuhioeea. 

2. UNCABIA, Schreb. 

1. V. Ohunbier, Hunt. (DC. Prod. iv. p. 347, cum syn.)— c.p. 1661. 

Hab. Deltotte District, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
3000 feet. Near Colombo, Mr. W. Ferguson. 

Bamuli sabtetragoni. Folia janiora sabtos ad nervos parce hispida. 

This is a variable species in the shape of the leaves and length of the petiole. It 
agrees so well with Roxborgh's description that I cannot donbt its being his plant. 
'Die Cinghalese make no use, as far as I can learn, of this plant. 

X% Placenta medio dissepimenti adnata, 

3. LEXTOOOODOK, Gard. 
Calc. Jonm. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 5. 

Florunt ca^tula terminalia, solitaria, involncro magno campannlato 
inclnsa. Calyx tnbnlosus, subinteger. Corolla infnndibuliformis, 6- 
loba. Filamenta brevia. Antherte oblongse. Ovarium biloculare. 
Ovula plurima, reniformia. Stylus simplex, ezsertus. Stigma bUobnm, 
lobis oblongis, obtosis. Fi*tLctu8 baccatus. Semina numerosa, sub- 
rhomboidea, oompressa. 

1. li. retienlatum, Gtird. 1. c— <;.P. 347 (695). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Frutex scandens, epiphyticns, radicans. Folia oblongo-lanoeolata, utrinqne acuta, 
3--6 poll, longa, 1-2 poU. lata, peiiolo \-\ poll, longo. Stipula membrauacese, 
oblongse, apice bidentatse, basi connatse, pollicares. Involucrum albidum, viridescens, 
1 poU. in idt., margine dentatom, brevi-pedonculatum. Corolla albida, circiter 8 lin. 
longa, lobis lanceolatis acutis tubo interne minute pilosulo brevioribus. Bacea 
alba, oblonga, 4 lin. longa. Semina striata, brunnea, medio nigra, \ lin. longa. — A 
descript, cl. Gardner pracipue excerpt, 

4. MXTSSJBNDA, Linn. 

1. BS. frondoMt, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 393, cum syn. ; Wigbt, 
niust. ii. t. 124.)— c.p. 1664. 
Hab. Very abundant throughout the island. Nom. vulg. ** Maassenda." 
The leaves are boiled and eaten as a vegetable by the Cinghalese. 

5. ACBANTHEBA9 Am. 

Endl. Suppl. i. p. 1894. 

1. A. Zeylaalca, Am. in Ann. of ITat. Hist. ill. p. 21. — c.p. 334. 
Hab. On damp, shaded banks : in the Central Province, at an eleva- 
tion of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

6. NEXJBOCALYX, Hook. 

1. N. Zeylaaieiui, Hook. loon. PL ii. 1. 174.— c.p. 286 (362). 
Hab. Saffragam District, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

The flowers of this and of all the following species are of a pale-purple colour. 

2. N. "Wlsfhiii, Am. 1. c. p. 20 ; Walp. Bep. ii. p. 515. An N. 
Hookeriani, Wight, Icon. t. 62, var. P — c.p. 595. 



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JRubiaceiB.'] cbtlom plants. 139 

Hab. Warm, moister parts of the island, up to an eleration of 2000 
feet. 

3. If. Gardneriy Thw. ; foliis majnsculis, supeme pilosnlis, subtos ad 
nerves Tillosis, oyato-lanceolatis, acntis, obscure denticulatis, basi cu- 
neatis ; stipulis bipartitis ; segmentia rotundatis, obliquis, longe acumi- 
naiis; raoemis villosis; bracteoUs oblongis, acuminatis, prope basin 
utrinque 1-dentatis ; segmentif cahfcinis rotundatis, subcordatis, acumi- 
natis. — c.p. 1671. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle, Gardner. 

Its wider, more hairy leaves, and villous racemes, distinguish this from the pre- 
ceding, to which it is in other respects veiy closely allied, and the two may possibly 
prove to be forms of one species. 

4. IV. Ohami^loiiii, Bentb. MSS. ; foliu oblongo-spatbulatis, obtusis 
subacutisve, supeme villosulis, denique subglabris, subtus ad nervos 
cum petiole villosis; stipvlU bipartitis; segmentis acutis, irregulariter 
2-3-ns8is ; racemis villosis ; bracteolis 3-partitis, segmentis later^bus 
minoribus. — c.p. 3417, 3480. 

Hab. Kokool Corle, up to no great elevation. 

Folia 3-6 poll longa, 1-2 poll kta, petiolo 1-li poll, longo. 

7. SCHIZOSTIGMA, Am. 

Endl. Suppl. i. p. 1393. 

1. 8. hinutom, Am. Ann. of Nat. Hist. iii. p. 20.--C.P. 268. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the south of the island, up to an elevation 
of 2000 feet. 
Fhres 1-3-nL Corolla alba, 7*-3 lin. in ezp. Baeea oerasi parvi magnitudine. 

8. AXANTHES, Blume. 

1. A. Z«ylaiucap Wight, Icon. t. 1163.— c.p. 499 (707). 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

2. A. elUptica, Wight, Icon. t. 1164— c.p. 359 (584). 
Hab« In similar situations with the preceding. 

The flowers and fruit of this and of the preceding species are of a dull orange- 
yellow colour. 

XXX Placenta versus basin loculi affixa^ plus minus erecta, ^ 

9. OPHIOBBHIZA, Linn. 

(Nom. vulg. " Datkatteya.") 

1. O. Munf^oB, Linn. (W. et A. Prod. i. 404, cum syn.) — c.p. 1704. 
Hab. Very abundant in damp, shady places. 

2. O. nemorosa, Thw. ; caule suberecto, parce ramose ; foliis glabris, 
lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi cuneatis ; stijpulis rotundatis, longe 1-2- 
setaceo-cuspidatis ; corymhis terminalibus, pedunculatis, tomentosis ; 
bracteolis minutis ; corolla longiuscula. — c.p. 205 (215, 484). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Folia 2-6 poll, longa, f-li poll. lata. Corolla alba, rubro-tincta, tuio semi- 
poUicari. 

3. O. radieansy Gardn. MSS. ; caule procumbente ; peUoUs pedun- 



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140 ENUMBBATioN OF lBubi€Uiea. 

culisqxie tomentosis ; ^oliis parvis, oyatis orbicalaribtisye, acutis vel 
obtusis, basi rotundatis cordSitisve, supeme glabris, subtus ad nervos 
tomentosis ; corymhis terminalibus, parvis ; jpedunculo foliis longiore ; 
hracteolis ysiY^s. — c.p. 1706. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the forests of the Central Province. 

Folia i-1 poll, longa. Corolla alba, tubo 2 lin. longo, limbo 3 lin. in ezp. 

4. O. ang^ustifblia, Thw. ; caule erecto, glabro vel breve tomentoso ; 
foliis anguste lanceolatis, utrinque angustatis, glabris vel subtus ad 
nervos tomentosis; stipulis setaceo-cuspidatis ; corymhis laxis pedun- 
culoque tomentosis ; hracteoUs linearibus, mediocrious j alabotstris ru- 
gulosis.— c.p. 431. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

Folia 1-4 poll. loDga, 1^8 lin. lata, sabtns albida. Corolla alba, ttibo 1 lin. 
longo, limbo 3-4 lin. in exp. 

Besembling the next species in many respects, bat the smaller, narrower leaves, 
and the lax corymbs with their shorter bracteoles, of the present plant, seem snffi- 
cient to keep them distinct. 

5. O. pectinata, Arn. Pug. 20 (338) ; Walp. Eep. vi. p. 67.— c.p. 
712 (1707). 

Var. ^ ; corymhis arete compactis. — O. imhricata, Grard. MSS. — 
c.p. 750. 

Hab. Abundant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. 

6. O. pallida, Thw. ; caule tomentoso, plus minus procumbente ; 
foliis hispidulis, lanceolatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis 
vel rotundatis ; stipulis setaceo-cuspidatis ; corymhis compactis pedun- 
culoque glabris vel rarius sparse pilosulis ; hracteolis longiusculis, 
linearibus. — c.p. 711, 3344. 

Hab. Forests in the Ambagamowa District. 

Closely allied to the last, but distinguished by its more or less procumbent habit, 
its pubescent stems and leaves, and the latter, together with the corymbs, smaller 
and more delicate in texture. 

7. O. ^lechoinsefolia, Thw. ; cawZe procumbente, villoso i foliis parvis, 
rotundatis ovatisve, cordatis, subacutis, supeme villosuHs, subtus ad 
nervos petioloque villosis ; corymhis terminalibus, pedunculatis ; hrac- 
teolis linearibus, lon^usculis, cum lohis calydnis ciliatis.— c.p. 1708. 

Hab. Forests of me Central Province. 

Folia 8-10 lin. longa, ssepe mgulosa. 

This bears a close resembance to 0. radieanSy differing from it however in its 
leaves being hairy on the upper surface, and in its relatively much longer-ciliated 
bracteoles and calyx-lobes. 

10. HEDYOTIS, Lam. 

1. H. Iiawsonise, W. et A., 1. c. p. 407, cum syn. 5 Wight, Icon. t. 
1026.— c.p. 13, 1697 (102, 110). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Folia ovata vel plus minus anguste lanceolata, ^-4 poll, longa, membranacea vd 
subcoriacea. 

A very common species, varying very much in appearance according to the cha- 
racter of the locality in which it occurs. 

2. H. eTenia, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramulis acute 4-goni8, jvmoribus 



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Bubiacea.'] cbtlon plants. 14X 

pilosnlis ; ybliis parvis, glabris, nitidis, coriaceis, eyeniis, lanceolatis, 
acutis, basi rotimdatis, petiolatis; stipulis tnangularibos, pilosnlis, 
apice parce glandnloso-tubercnlatis ; paniculis terminalibus, pilosnlis. 
— c.p. 93. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, Ga/rdner, 

Although this plant has a very dissimilar aspect to that of the precediDg, yet I 
suspect it may prove to he but a variety of it. 

3. ZZ. obscnra, Thw. ; snfifmticosa, erecta, (sicca) nigrescens ; ramulis 
snbteretibns ifoliis glabris, lanceolatis, ntrinque acutis, petiolatis ; venis 
primariis parum conspicuis ; stipulis triangnlaribns, pins minns con- 
natis, pectinatim pinnatifidis, se^entis linearibns pilosis ; catymbis 
axillaribns, pednncnlatis, glabris, folio brevioribus, bracteolatis ; corolla 
ad fancem pilosa. — c.p. 94 (111, 119). 

Var. /8 ; foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis ; venis primariis snbtns 
prominentiDns et ssepe pilosnlis ; bracteolis parvis ; corolla lobis interne, 
et exteme ad apicem pilosis. — c.p. 91, 101. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. Var. ft 
in rather shady places. 

Apparently closely allied to H. stylosa, Br., but distinguished from it, judging 
from Dr. Wight's figure of that species in Icones, t. 1027, by its inflorescence not 
being termind. 

4. H. Iiessertiana, Am. Png. 22 (339) ; Walp. Eep. iL p. 492.— 
c.p. 99, 116 (123, 1702). 

Var. i3. major; foliis JloribtisifOLe majoribns.— c.p. 96. 

Var. y, cof^ertiflora ; foliis consiGeia \florihus majoribns oonfertisqne. 
--C.P. 103 (109, 1701). 

Var. d. pilosa ; ramulisfoliisque pins minns pilosis ; dentibus ealycinis 
brevibns, cseteroqnin nt in var. a.— c.p. 2819. 

Hab. Central Province. Varr. a and d. Abnndant at an elevation of 
3000 to 5000 feet. Varr. ^ and y. From 5000 to 8000 feet. 

The extreme forms of this plant look very different, but they merge so insensibly 
into one another that I find it impossible to separate them as distinct species. 

5. H. flaTescens^ Thw. ; ramulis teretibns ; foliis glabris, coriaceis ; 
snbeveniis, ovato- vel oblongo-lanceolatis, acntis; costa prope basin 
petioloqjie dilatatis ; stipulis scariosis, vaginantibns, persistentibns, 
prope marginem appendicnlis linearibns, apice filamentosis deniqne 
cadncis cinctis ; pamculis terminalibns, compactis.— c.p. 86, 126. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, and between Galagama and Horton Plains, at 
an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

Folia 1-4 poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, flavescentia, petiolo 1-6 lin. longo. Corolla 
ad fancem lanosa. Fructus oblongus, dentibus calydnis erectis, acutis, parce pilosis. 

6. H. qninquenervia, Thw. ; irnticosa, erecta; ramulis compressis; 
foliis parvis, coriaceis, subglabris, ovatis, obtnse brevi-acnminatis, 
5-nerviis, snbsessilibns, marginibus revolntis ; stipulis oonnatis, cnpnli- 
formibns, exteme pilosis pins minns setosisqne, appendicnlis linearibns, 
scariosis, pilosis, apice dilatatis fimbriatis, persistentibns; capitulis 
terminalibns, sessilibns. — c.p. 120. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 

Folia 3-8 lin. longa, flavescentia. Calyx 4-fidus, segmentis subacutis apice 
pilosLs. Corolla alba, exteme purpurascens, interne ad fi^cem pilosa. Anthera 
oblongse, purpurese. 



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142 BIHTMBBATIOH OF lBMbi€lceiS, 

7. H. rtMemtaim, WaU. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 409 ; Wight, Icon. 1. 1029). 
— ff. plantagintfolia. Am. Pug. 22 (340). — o.p. 107. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 

8. H. Gardneri, Thw. ;foliis confertis, glabris, nitidis, valde coriaceis, 
snbeveniis, lanceolatis, acutis, basi ad petiolum dilatatnm an^statis ; 
stipulis oblongis, membranaceis, glabns, scariosis, persistentibus ; pa- 
niculis terminalibus, elongatis, plnrifloris, laxis, plories trichotomis. — 
C.P. 116. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, Ga/rdmer, 

"Rami circiter \ poll, in diam., stipulis confertis sqnamosi. Folia 3-4 poll, longa. 
Calyx 4-dentatns, dentibns apice incrassatis parom reflezis. 

9. H. frntieoBa, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 408, cum syn.)— c.p. 108, 
2457. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Noto. vulg. 
" Waranneya." 

10. H. cymosa, Thw. ; firuticosa, erecta, (sicca) nigrescens ; ramulis 
IsBvibus, parum angulatis ; foliis glabris, nitidis, anguste lanceolatis, 
Utrinque acutis ; venis primariis inconspicuis ; stipulis triangularibus, 
longe acuminatis, carinatis, margine glanduloso-dentatis ; cymis termi- 
naliDus, laxis, puberulis ; calyce glabro, 4-partito ; segmentis lanceolatis, 
acutis, demum recurvis ; corolla exteme glabra, fauce pilosa. — c.p. 3421. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle, at an elevation of 1000 feet. 

Folia S-3 poll, longa, 8-7 lin. lata. 

Readily distingnished from H. fruHco^a^ to which it is very closely allied, by its 
regularly cymose lax inflorescence, and by the whole plant becoming black in 
drying. 

11. H. monosperma, W. et A., 1. c. p. 410, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 
1. 1031.— c.p. 97 (112, 139). 

Var. /9. mbglahra, — JBT. Sickardiana, Am. 1. c. p. 22 (340) ; Walp. 
Bep. iL p. 492. 

Hab. V ery abundant in the more elevated parts of the Central Pro- 
vince. 

The whole plant is very fetid. It varies very mnch in the size and hairiness of 
the leaves. 

12. H. anmmiilaria, Am. Pug. 23 (341) ; Walp. Eep. ii. p. 492. 
— C.P. 1692. 

Var. p, glabra. — JST. nummulariformiSf Am. 1. c. ; Walp. L c. p. 493. 
— C.P. 113, 2817. 

Hab. Abundant in wet, rocky places : in the Central Province, at an 
elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 

Caules tetragoni. Folia 8-10 lin. longa, marginibns ssepe revolatis. Florei 
purpurei. 

13. H. auricnlaria, linn. (DC. Prod. iv. p. 420; W. et A.,l.o. p. 412, 
cum syn,)-— c.p. 1694. 

Hab. very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"Gatta-cola.^* 

The leaves are boiled, after being cnt very small, and eaten by the Cinghalese 
with their rice. 

14. H, macrophylla, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 408, cum syn.)— c.p. 
104,466. 

Hab. Forests about Adam's Peak. 



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Subiacea,] cbtlov plakts. 148 

Stipula membranacese, connatsB, wtb dense pfloeis limbo longioribng marginatsB. 
Denies ealycini lineari-luiceolati. 

15. H. nodidosa, Am. 1. c. 22 (340) ; Walp. 1. c. p. 493.~An M. 
Walkeri, Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. P 

Var. a ; foliis supeme glabris vd obscure Betnloeis.— c.P. 87 (105, 
1698). 

Var. P ; plus minus pilosa.— JST. axillaris^ Ghtrdn. MSS.— c.p. 88, 
3096, 3542 (106, 117, 121, 1699). 

Hab. Central Proyince and Saffiragam, at an elevation of 3000 to 
7000 feet. 

Folia 2-6 poll, longa, i~2i poll, lata, peHolo 2-10 lin. longo. SHpula mem- 
branacese, plus miniia oonnatee, dentibiia subiilatii brevioriboa Tel sabseqnilongia 
marginatsB. Denies ceUyeini subulati, recnrvL 

A very variable species as r^ards tbe sise and tbe amoont of pubescence of the 
leaves, which are more or less tomentose or villous, or sometimes nearly altogether 
glabrous. From H, macrophylla it differs principally in the smaller, narrower teeth 
of the calyx. 

16. H. membranacea, Thw. ; suffiruticosa, erecta, glabra ; foliis ob- 
lon^o-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, ^tiolatis ; stipulis appendi- 
culis linearibus, longiusculis, scariosis ^^bnatis ; Jlorihus dense glome* 
rato-yerticillatis ; segmentis califcinis lanceolatis, scariosis. — c.p. 3621. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. — ^A specimen in the her* 
barium, collected by Moon, has no locality affixed to it. 

Folia 4-6 poD. longa, 1-1 i PolL lata. Corolla parva, flava. 

An obscure plant, and possibly, as suspected by Dr. Gardner, an abnormal state of 
one of the two preceding species. 

17. H. ejanescensy Thw. ; suffiruticosa, basi decumbens, radioans ; 
ramis acute tetaragonis, glabris vel pilosulis ; foliis plus minus villosulis, 
ovato-lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, petiolatis ; stipulis brevibus, mem- 
branaceis, connatis, dentibus submatis sequilongis margpiatis, parce 

Eilosis ; Jloribus dense verticillatis ; segmentis calvcinis Hneari-laiiceo- 
itis, ovario 3-4-plo longioribus, villosulis. — c.p. 2384. 
Hjlb. Mnruta, Gardner. Ambagamowa District, not common. 
Folia i-2i poll, longa, peiiolo 2-5 lin. longo. Calycis segmenta 2 lin. longa. 
Corolla albida, purpnreo-tincta, exteme glabra, iubo infundibuliformi £&uce parum 
pilose. 

The whole plant is often of a bluish-purple colour. 

18. H. in a mn w ia , Thw. ; sufiruticosa, erecta, subglabra ; ramis sub- 
tetragonis ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, petiolatis, (siccis) 
foscescentibus ; stipulis triangularibus, pilosis, apice parum glandulosis, 
basi connatis, cito deciduis ; Jloribus ^lomerato-verticillatis ; segmentis 
calvcinis lanceolatis, tubo corolkd brevioribus.-^c.p. 95, 3543 (98). 

V ar. p ; foliis latioribus, (siccis griseo-viridibus) ; stipulis longiuscule 
rostrato-acuminatis. — c.p. 2639. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Safiragam Districts. 
Folia 3-5 poll, longa, f-2 polL lata, peiiolo 2-5 lin. longo. 

19. H. nitida, W. et A., 1. c. p. 412.— JT. Neesiana, Am. Pug. p. 23 
(341).— C.P. 122. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. Kom. vulg. 
" Pittasooddoopala." 

The leases of this plant are finely chopped up, boiled, and eaten with rice, by the 
Cinghalese. 



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144 ekumeBjLTIOv of IBubiacetB. 



20. H. cttrolem, W. et A., 1. c— c.p. 1674. 
Hab. Sandy places, especially near the coast. 

Div. Oldenlandia. 



21. H. nmbellata. Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 413, cum syn.)— J. poly* 
gonoidest Wall. — c.p. 125. 

Hajb. Abundant, especially near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Saayam-mool.*' 
Ueed as a dye by the Cinghalese. 

22. H. Burmanniana, Br. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 415, cum syn.) — S, in» 
termedia, W. et A., 1. c.—c.p. 1676, 2368. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
** Wal-patpaadagam." 

23: H. racemosa, Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 414, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 312.)— jgr. hiflora, Br. ; W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.— c.p. 1679. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, common. 

24. H. qnadrilocnlarisi Thw.; herbacea,procumbens,ramosa,pilosula; 
ramis subteretibus ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, utrinque subacutis, petio- 
latis ; stipulis membranaceis, rotundatis, ciliatis ; fiorihus axillaribus 
terminalibusque, 1-2-nis, sessilil!^ ; (yvario 4-loculaTi, rarius 2-3-locu- 
lari.— c.p. 3132. 

Hab. Badulla District, rare. 

Folia i-li poll, longa, i-f polL lata, petioh 1-5 lin. longo. Calyx turbinatns ; 
lobis oblongis, ciliatis, interne setulosis, recorvis. Corolla tabulosa, interne glabra ; 
lobis oblongis, acntis. Stylus filiformis, exsertos. Stigmata tot quot ovarii locoli, 
longiascola, subclavata, reflexa. Capsula depressa, loculis ad basin dehiscentibus, 
circiter S-spermis. 

25. H. trinervla, (Bcem. et Sch.) ; W. et A., 1. o. cum syn.— c.p. 1681. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

26. H. Heynei, Br. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 416, cum syn.)— c.p. 1673. 
Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. 

27. H. maritima, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 417, cum syn.)— c.p. 1678. 
Hab. Very common near the sea. 

11. DENTELLA, Forst. 

1. D. repens, Forst. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 405, cum syn.)— c.p. 1683. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not uncommon. 

ft Ovarii loculis I'Ovulatis. 
t Ovulis erectis. 

12. MOBINDA, VaiU.* 

1. M. bracteaka^ Eoxb. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 419, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. 1. 126.) — ^An Jf. citrifbluB, Linn., var. P— c.p. 765. 

* The ovary in this genus appears to be normaUy two-celled, but these two cells 
are converted into four by the introverted carpellary leaves being so produced laterally 
as to reach the walls of the ovary. If this is the correct explanation of the ovarial 
structure, the genus would have to be placed in the previous division of the fomily, 
each cell in that case being really two-ovuled. 



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JBubiacea.^ cbtlok plants. 145 

Hab. "Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island, in and near 
the gardens of the Cinghalese, who employ the roots as a dye. Nom. 
vulg. " Ahoo-gass." 

Some fresh specimens of this plant, now before me, agree perfectly with Wight's 
figure of M. bracUata^ whilst they so closely resemble too the figure in * Hortns 
Malabaricns,' vol. i. t. 52, quoted for M, eitrifoliat L., that I can scarcely believe 
oar plant to be other than a form of the latter. Some of the capitula are without 
the bract-like appendage of the calyces, and the anthers are quite exserted in the 
flowers now under examination. 

2. M. exBeirta^ Boxb. (W* et A., 1. c. cum syn. var. p.) — c.p. 1668. 
Hab. Jaffna, Gardner, Badulla District, J, Bailey^ Esq. Nom. 

YxUg. ** Ahoo-gass." 

3. M. wnbellata, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 420, cum syn.) — M. scan- 
dens, Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 548.— c.p. 1669. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 4^XX) feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Kirri-walla." 

The tongh stems of this plant are used, instead of ropes, by the Cinghalese for 
tying fences. 

13. MEPHITIDIA, Eeinw. 
LasiawthuSy Jack, Wight. 

1. M. Mooxdi, Wigkt, in Cdc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vi. p. 604; 
WaJp. Ann. ii. p. 760.— c.p. 92. 

Hab. Abimdant in the Saffragam District. 

Fruiex hispidus, parce ramosus. Folia superne glabra hispidnlave. Capitula 
pedoncnlata vel sessilia. Corolla alba, 3 lin. in exp. ; tubo brevi. Bacea hispidula, 
polposa^ rubra, subsphssrica, derasi magnitudine. 

2. M. Gardneri, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramulis compressis petiolisque 
strigosis vel hispidulis; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi 
acutis, superne glabris, subtus pilosulis, venosis, venis secundariis 
numerosis parallelis ; stipulis parvis, triangularibus, acutis, strigosis ; 
eapitulU sessilibus, pilosis; segmentis ccuycinis lanceolatis, acutis; 
corolla exteme pilosula, interne villosa ; tuba brevi.— c.p. 348 (1723). 

Hab. Newera Ellia and Adam's Peak, Gardner. 
Folia 3-8 poll, longa, \\-2\ poll, lata, petiolo 2-5 lin. longo. 

3. M. tomex&tosa, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramulis teretibus, vix compressis 
petiolisque tomentosis; foliis coriaceis, lanceolatis, longe acuminatis, 
oasi acutis, suj>eme glabris, subtus prsecipue ad nervos tomentosis, 
Tenis secundariis paucis subparallelis ; capitulis pilosis, pauciiioris, 
sessilibus; segmentis calycinis lanceolatis, acutis; corolla externe pi- 
losa ; tubo brevi. — c.p. 2711. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Folia 2-4 poll, longa, i-1 poll, lata, petiolo 3 lin. longo. Corolla albida. Bacca 
pisi magnitudine, nigree. 

Closely allied to, and possibly a form of, the preceding species. 

4. M. rhisophjUa, Thw. ; iruticosa ; ramulis tenuibus, compressis, 
Bcabridis ; foliis membranaceis, glabris, nitidis, delicatule venosis, lan- 
ceolatis, longe acuminatis, basi acutis, petiolatis ; capitulis paucifloris, 
sessilibus ; calyce piloso ; segmentis lineari-lanceolatis, longiusculis. — 
C.P. 361. 

Hab. Adam's Peak, Gardner. 

V 



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146 ENUMEBATiON OF IBubioceiB. 

Folia 2-3 poll, longa, i-1 poll, lata, petiplo 3-2 lin. longo. . 

The specimens I have are not soificientlj perfect to enable me to complete the 
description of this species. 

6. M. protraeta, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramvZis compressis ^etiolisque 
strigosulis ; folii* elongato-lanceolatis, a prope basin gradatim an^us- 
tatis, acnminatis, mucronatis, supeme glabris, sabtus ad nerros stngo- 
Bulis, basi subacutis, brevi-petiolatis ; venis primariis 7-8, folii versus 
apicem porrectis ; secundariis numerosis, transverse parallelis ; stipulis 
minutis, triangularibus, strigosis ; capitulis paucifloris, sessilibus ; calyce 
minute 4-dentato. — o.p. 354. 

Hab. Central Province, Qard/ner. 

Folia 4-8 poU. longa, li-2|^ poll, lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. Ipngo. 

I have not seen this species i^ a fresh state, and my specimens are too imperfect 
to enable me tp describe the flowers and frnit. 

6. M. stri^osa, Wight, 1. c. p. 612 j Walp. 1. c. p. 762.— c.p. 1726. 
Hab. Common in the Central Province and the Safiragam District, 

at an elevation of 2000 to 6000 feet. 

Folia 2^-5 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo, venis secundariis 
transverse parallelis. Corolla albida, exteme pilosula ; tuho 3 Un. longo ; limbo cir- 
citer 4 lin. in exp., interne villoso. Bacca subsphsericse, opacee, nigrse, circiter -^ 
poll, in diam. 

7. M. IValkeriana, Wight, Lc. p. 613; Walp. I.e.— c.p. 289 (340, 

1728). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Folia glabra vel snbtns ad nervos parce strigosa, oblongo- vel Hneari-lanceolata, 
basi acuta, 2-5 poll, longa, 4-14 lin. lata, petiolo 1^-3 lin. longo. Corolla exteme 
pilosola, tubo brevi, limbo interne villoso. Bacoa nigrse, pisi magnitudine. 

The narrower, more acuminated, less pilose leaves and shorter flowers, principally 
distinguish this from the last species. In M. strigosa too the caljx-tube is much 
longer than in the present plant. I suspect, however, that they will prove to be 
only forms of one species ; and M. protrada, Thw., will probably have to be united 
with them as a more rare variety. 

8. M. oligmatha, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramulis compressis, scabridis ; 
foliis oblongis, rostrato-acuminatis, basi rotundatis, utrinque venosis, 
glabris vel subtus ad nervos pilosulis, brevi-petiolatis ; stipulis parvis, 
oblongis, pilosis ; capitulis paucifloris, sessilibus ; floribus parvis ; deiu 
tihus calycinis brevibus, acutis. — c.p. 357 (1726, 1727). 

Var. p. ohliqua; foliis subsessilibus, basi cordatis, obliquis. — C.P. 
3418. — An species distinctaP 

Hab. Var. a. Hantani District. Var. p. Saffragam District, i^p to 
an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Var. a closely approaches some states of M. strigosa^ Wight, and is not impro- 
bably a form of it growing in poor or dry soil. Tlie whole genus Mephitidia re- 
quires much investigation before the extent of variation to which the species are 
hable can be satisfactorily determined. 

9. M. Tarians, Thvr. ; fruticosa, glabra ; ramulis striatis, parum 
compressis ; foliis coriaceis, ovatis vel oblongis, acutis retusisve, mucro- 
natis, basi angustatis, petiolatis, utrinque reticulatim venosis ; stipulis 
parvis, subacutis, apice pilosis ; capitulis pedunculatis subsessilibusve, 
paucifloris ; dentihus calycinis brevibus, triangularibus, acutis ; corolla 
albida; tuho brevi ; Umbo interne villoso.— c. P. 67 (80, 290, 422, 423). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 
Folia \-2\ poU. longa, 4 lin. ad 1^ poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Corolla al- 
bida. Bacca nigra*, pisi magnitndine. 



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Subiacea,} obylon plants. 147 

14. ALLJEOPHANIA, Tliw. (gen. nov.). 

Flores poly^gamo-dioicL -Calyx tubulosus, 4-dentatu8. Corolla in- 
fdndibuliformis, 4-loba. Stamijia 4, fauce inserta, Jilamentis (in flor. 
ster.) valde exsertis, antheris oblongis dorso aifixis. Ovarium 4-locu- 
lare. Stylus filiformis (in flor. fert.), valde exsertus. Stigma 4-lobuin, 
lobis pilosis. Ba>cca sicca, parva, 4-sperma. — Frutex, Mephitidieo 
valde affinis, sed facie Hedyotidis ; ramulis subtetragonis ; foliis mem- 
branaceis; stipulis connatis, tubulosis, scariosis, striatis, ad marginem 
subaristatis ; capitnlis multiflotnSi axillaribus, sessilibus; floribus^arvw, 
albis, purpureo-tinetis, 

1. A. decipiens, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, pi- 
losulis vel glabris, subtus ad nervos adpresse pilosis. — c.p. 3093. 

Var. j3. Jlavescens, Thw. ; foliis plus minus pilosis, subtus ad nervos 
villosis, ovatis, acutis, basi cordatis rotundatis vel subacutis, petiolatis 
sessilibusve. — c.p. 3094 (114). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. Var. j3, 
up to an elevation of 7000 feef. 

Folia 1^-5 poll, longa, i-li poll, lata, petiolo 2-8 lin. longo. 

In general appearance tliis species bears a very great resemblance to Hedyolis 
nodulota, Am. 

15. GBUMILEA, Gartn., W. et A. 

1. O. elonffata, Wight, Icon. t. 1036.— c.p. 1719. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

2. O. nudiflora. — Psychotria 1 nudijlora, W. et A., 1. c. p. 434. An 
G. nigra, Gsertn. De Fruct. i. p. 138. t. 28. f. 2P— c.p. 18 (2707 partim). 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
3000 to 6000 feet. 

Corymhi ad nodos ferrugineo-pilosi. Flores ssepissime 5-meri. Baccae Iseves, 
nigrse, sabsphsericse, pisi magnitadine. 

3. O. Btenopliylla, Thw. ; glabra ; ramulis compressis, ad foliorum 
axillas glandulosis ferrugineo-villosisque ; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, acu- 
minatis, basi acutis, brevi-petiolatis ; stipulis rotundato-triangularibus, 
brevi-cuspidatis, cito deciduis ; corymbis longe-pedunculatis, 6-radiatis, 
ebracteolatis ?, ad nodos ferrugineo- villosis ifioribus ad radiorum apices 
pluribus, confertis ; calyce sinuatim 5-dentato, corollce tubo brevissimo, 
fauce piloso. — c.p. 2609. 

Hab. Damp forests, at no great elevation, in the central and southern 
parts of the island. 

Folia 2-6 poll, longa, 4-12 lin. lata, petiole 2-8 lin. longo. Bacca Iseves, 
sphseriese, nigrse, pisi magnitadine. 

4. G. Qardneri, Thw. ; glabra ; ramulis compressis ; foliis cuneato- 
oblongis, subito longiuscule cuspidatis, petiolatis ; stipulis triangulari- 
bus, subacutis, cito deciduis ; corymbis pedunculatis, ter quaterve um- 
bellatim ramosis, multifloris, bracteolatis ; bracteolis latis, brevibus, 
rotundatis ; Jloribus 3-4-nis, sessilibus ; calyce obscure 6-dentato ; co- 
rolla tubo brevissimo ; baccis sphsericis, Isevibus, parvis. — c.p. 1718. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet, not very 
common. 

Folia 5-12 poll, longa, l-3i poll, lata, petiole 2-8 lin. longo. Bacca ni^rac. 



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148 EKUMEBAT10K OF [Etibiacea- 

5. Q. TTing^htianay Thw. — Lasianthus? dubius, Wight, in CaJc. Joum. 
I^at. Hist. vi. p. 616.— c.p. 586. 

Has. Banks of streams, in the Ambagamowa and Safiragam Bistriets, 
at no great elevation. 

Frutex parvas. Hamuli compressi, pilosi, deniqoe glabri. Folia ovato- vel ob- 
longo-laneeolata, acuminata, basi cuiieata, petiolata, superne glabra, subtos pUosa, ad 
nervos tomentosa, 4-8 poll, longa, 1^-4 poll, lata, petiolo 4-8 lin. longo. Stipuia 
oblongse, connatse, piloss, margine scariosse. Corymbi tomentosi, basi triebotomi, 
bracteolati, divisionibtu primariis apice 8-5-toiiiis, lateralibus saepe reflexis. Brac- 
teola parvse, obtnsee. Floret sessiles, capitellati. Calif x tubolosus, breve 5-den* 
tains, interne glaber. Corolla pilosula, tubo brevi. Bacca pilosse, subspbsericee, 
3-4 lin. in diam. (siccae), subcarinatse. 

6. Q. affinis, Thw. ; ramulis compressis, scabridis ; foliis oblongo- 
vel lineari-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi cuneatis, longiuFcule petiolatis, 
glabris vel subtus ad nervos pilosulis ; siipulis oblongis, pilosis ; corym- 
his tomentosis, bracteolatis, basi trichotomis, divisione intermedia ssepe 
ad apicem trichotoma; fiorihus sessilibus, capitatis; calme tubuloso, 
obscure 5-dentato ; baccis pilosis, pisi mSignitudine. — c.p. 2706. 

Hab. Similar situations to the last species. 
Prfficedenti valde afBnis ct ejusdem forsan varietas. 

7. Q. BCoonii, Thw. ; ramulis glabris, compressis ; foliM glabris, ob- 
longis, abrupte acuminatis, basi cuneatis, petiolatis ; stipulis oblongis, 
connatis, apice ciliatis, minute 1-2-dentatis ; corymbis glabris, bracteo- 
latis, basi trichotomis ; diins^lonibtts lateralibus reflexis ; centrali apice 
trichotoma; floribus sessilibus, capitatis, bracteohs majusculis rotun- 
datis ciliatis intermixtis; calyce tubuloso, 5-dentato, margine eiliato; 
baccis oblongis (siccis), utrinque obscure 4-sulcatis. — c.p. 585. 

Hab. Reigam Corle, at no great elevation. ' 

Folia 4-8 poll, longa, \-%\ poll, lata, petiolo 4-8 lin. longo. 

This species, with 0. Wightiana and G. affinis, forms an approach t o the next 
genus, the albumen of their seeds being less evidently ruminate than in the other 
species of Grumilea herein described, and more or less sulcate by the intrusion of 
folds of the testa. It would perhaps be most desirable to form of Grumilea a sec- 
tion of Psychotria, seeing that it is quite impossible to determine, in the absence of 
tolerably mature fruit, to which of the two genera certain plants should be referred. 

16. PSYCHOTEIA, Linn. 
§ Seminibus, cum albumine incluso, dorso 4-sulcatis. 

1. P. sarmentosa, Blume, Bijd. p. 964; DC. Prodr. iv. p. 522. — 
P. scandens. Hook, et Am. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 193 ; Walp. Eep. ii. 
p. 471.— c.p. 1712. 

Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Flores pallide virides, fauce intns flavo-pilosa. Bacca albse. 

§§ SeminibtiSf cum albumine incluso, dorso 2-sulcatis. 

2. P. bisulcata, W. et A., 1. c. p. 434; Wight, Icon. t. 1039.— K5.p. 
158 (669). 

Var. i3 ; foliis longioribus, nainus coriaceis ; floribus parum minori- 
bus; seminibus longioribus, latius sulcatis. — c.p. 1720. (An species dis- 
tinctaP) 



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Mubiace(B.'] oetlon plants. ' 149 

Hab. "Var. a. Abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
6000 to 7000 feet. Var. fi. From 2000 to 4000 feet: 

3. P. plnrivenia, Thw. ; glabra ; ramulis compressis ; foliis lineari- 
lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis, breve petiolatis, pluriveniis ; stipu- 
lis oblongis, longe acuminatis, cito deciduis; corymhis terminalibus, 
basi trichotomis j Jlorihus temis, pedicellatis ; calyce longiuscule 5-den- 
t-ato; coroll(B tubo brevi, fauce nirsuto; haccis (siccis) fusiformibus ; 
seminibus late sulcatis. — c.p. 2652. 

Hab. Hewahette, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet. 

Folia 2i-4i poll, longa, 5-12 lin. lata, petiolo 2 lin. lougo. 
This species is apparently very closely allied to P. poIy?ieura, DC. 

4. P. longipetiolata, Thw. ; ramulis compressis ; foliis glabris, elKp- 
ticis vel oblongis, basi rotundatis vel parce acutis, lonee petiolatis ; sti- 
pulis oblongis, acntis; corymhis minutissime pilosulis, peduncnlatis, 
5-radiatis ; radiis trichotomis, cymellis 7-floris terminatis ; calyce brevi, 
5-dentato; corollce tubo brevissimo; haccis oblongis; seminibtis latis- 
sime sulcatis. — c.p. 2707. 

Hab. Saffragam District, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Folia flavescentia, 8-7 poU. longa, 1-8 poll, lata, petiolo 1-2 poll, longo. 

5. P. sordida, Thw. ; ramulis compressis, glabris vel minutissime pu- 
berolis ; foliis subcoriaceis, oblongis, plus minus acuminatis, basi acutis, 
petiolatis, venis secundariis inconspicuis ; stipulis oblongis, ssepe brevi- 
cuspidatis ; peduncuiis 3-nis, termmalibus, glabris vel minutissime pu- 
berulis ; Jlorihus sessilibus, 3-4-nis ; calyce brevi, 5-dentato ; corolla 
brevi, inrandibuliformi, interne glabra; haccis oblongis. — c.p. 333, 355, 
1716 (390, 442, 1713). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4O00 to 8000 feet. 
Folia 1-4 poll, longa, 4-li poll, lata, petiolo 2-5 lin. longo. 
A very variable species as regards the shape of the leaves, which are oblong-lan- 
ceolate, with a long acumination, or more rarely ovate and shortly acuminated. 

17. PEISTIDIA, Thw. (gen. nov.). 

Calyx brevissimus, annuliformis. Corolla infundibuliformis, (ante 
anthesin oblonga, apice acute 4-costata) ; tubo brevi ; limbo 44obo. 
Stamina fauce inserta ; filam^ntis brevibus ; antheris majusculis, ob- 
longis, exsertis. Stylus simplex. Stigma oblongum, bilobum. — Frutex 
gliwevy 5-6'pedalis ; ramulis Icemhus, parum compressis; foliis Icevibus, 
parce venosis, oblongis, acuminatis, basi suhacutis, petiolatis ;^ stipulis 
oblongis, basi connatis, apice bidentatis ; cymis longe pedunculatis, 
minute bracteolatis, supra-axillaribus vel rarius terminalibus, divi- 
sionihus ultimis spiciformihus ; floribus parvis, late sessilibus, secundis, 

1. P. divaricata, Thw. — G-rumilea? divaricata, Thw. MSS. in Herb. 
Hook.— c.p. 2991. 

Hab. Mapalagam, near Galle, at no great elevation. 

Folia 3-7 poll, longa, l-2i poll, lata, petiolo 3-4 lin. longo. Cyma foliis sub- 
seqailongffi. Corolla pallide viridis, externe minute puberula, interne parce pilosa. 

I a^uspect that this species is polygamo-dioicous, and that I have only the barren 
flowers : the fruit I have not seen. Psychotria tortilis, Blume, is probably a con- 
gener of this plant. 



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150 BKXTHBBATioN OF IBMocea, 

18. CHASALIA, Comm., DO. 

1. C. conriflora, Thw. — PsycTiotria curviflora et P. ophioxff' 
loides. Wall, in Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. pp. 167, 168; DC. Prod. iv. 
p. 520. P. ambigua, W. et A., 1. c. p. 433.— c.p. 1714 (133, 391, 
partim), 

Hab. Not uncommon, in shady places, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

Flores polygamo-dioici, fertilet breviores, stigmate ezserto. 

The stracture of the fruit of this plant so precisely resembles that of Chasalia, 
as described by authors, that there cau scarcely be a doubt of the propriety of re- 
ferring it to that genus, as suggested by Wallich^ at a time, too, it would appear, he 
was not acquainted with the fruii, since he has not described that organ. 

19. GEOPHUiA, Don. 

1. a. reniformifliy Don, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 436, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 54). — c.p. 1705. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province. 



20. SEBISSA, Comm. 

Bl. Bijd. p. 969. Endl. 
Bysodidendron,* Gardner, in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 2. 

1. S. Ceylanica.— ZHr«o(^. Cevlanicum, Gard. Lc— o.p.261 (344,433, 
1710, 1711). 

IIab. Not uncommon in forests of the Central Province. 

Ihttes 8-12-pedalis, glaber, ra$nu dichotomis, parum compressis, pallidis. Foiia 
inembranacea, oblonga vel oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata, basi plus minus acuta, 
breri-petiolata, 2^-6 poll, louga, f-2i poll, lata, peliolo 1-3 liu. loogo. Siipula 
breves, plus minus connatse, aristato-SM^uspidats, deciduse. Feduncuii axiUares 
terminalesque, 1-3-flori, folio multum breviores. Pedicelli basi apiceque 2-brac- 
teolati, bracteolis connatis. Flores 4-meri. Calyx 8inuato-4-dentatus. Corolla 
infundibuliformis, eztus minute pubescens, fauce villosa, limbo 5-7 lin. in exp. 
Bacca cyaneo-purpurese, ovoidese vel oblongse^ 4-9 lin. longse, l-loculares, 1-2- 
•perms. — A d^eript. el. Gardner pracipue excerpt, 

2. S. Gardneri, Thw. ; iruticosa, glabra, dichotomo-ramosa ; foliis 
ovatis vel ellipticis, acuminatis, subsessilibus, basi rotundatis corda- 
tisve ; stipulis connatis, ari8tato-3-cuspidatis ; florihm paucis, termina- 
iibus, subsessilibus ; calyce acute 4-fisso. — c.p. 82. 

SLiB. Forests about Galagama, not uncommon. 

Folia li-4 poll, longa, ^-2 poll. lata. Corolla alba, limbo 3 lin. in exp. Bacca 
purpureo-cseruleee, subsphaerica:, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

This would seem to (fiffer very slightly, except in havingfewer flowers, from Dr. 

* I cau find no structural character of sufficient importance to distinguish gene- 
rically Dr. Gardner's species of Dysodidendron from Serissa of Commersou, as de- 
scribed by Blume ; though the dichotomous ramification and much larger leaves of 
the former give them a different aspect to Serissa foeiida^ Comm., with its virgate 
habit, small leaves, and abbreviated ramnli. Dr. Wight, in describing his La- 
nanthus ? f ceteris in Calc. Joum. vol. vi. p. 517 {Dysod. WiyAtii, Gard.), remarks 
upon its accordance in many respects with Serissa. 



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SubiacetB,'] cetlou plants. 151 

6ftrdner*8 Dysod. glomm-atumt from the Peninsula of India ; bnt I liaTe no speci- 
mens of tlie latter for comparison. 

3. S. scabrida, Thw. ; fruticosa ; ramulis scabridis ; foliis ellipticis, 
acuminatis, basi acutis, ^labrie; costa peiioloqae scabridiB; stipulis 
conoatis, aristato-fimbriatis, scabridis ;fioribus terminalibus, sessilibus; 
calyce pUoso, dentibus 4, lineari-lanceolatis. — c.p. 3306. 

Hab. I^ear Eatnapoora. 

The single specimen I possess of this plant has leaves 2 to 3 inches long and \ to 
li inch wide, with a petiole abont a quarter of an inch long. The flowers and ripe 
fimit I have not seen. • « 

21. HYDROPHYLAX, linn. 

1. H. maritima, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 441, cum syn. ; Wigktr 
Icon. t. 760.)— c.p. 1672. 

Hab. Common near the sea-shore. Nom. vnlg. " Moohoodoo- 
gattacola. 

22. BUBIA, Tonm. 

1. R. cordifolia, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 442, com syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. 1. 187.)— c.p. 2705. 

Hab. Abundant near Badulla, Mr, OndacUze. Not uncommon 
throughout the Central Province. 

23. aAIiIUM, Linn. 

1. a. acperifoUum, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 1682. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

24. BOBBEBIA, Mey., DC. 

1. B. ocjmoidM, DC. Prod. iv. p. 544 ; Bnrm. Fl. Ind. xxxiv. t. 13. 
fig. 1.— c.p. 1684. 

Hab. South of the island, MooUf Gardner, Ferguson. 

25. SPEBMACOCE, linn. 

1. 8. hispida, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 438, cum syn.) — ^An B. artu 
cularis, Linn. fil. ; W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. P — c.p. 1696, 1696. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

I find it quite impossible to separate satisfactorily what J take, judging fipom the 
relative length of the coroUa-tnbe, to be these two reputed species, and doubt their 
being really distinct. 

H Ovulis pendulit, 
26. KNOXLA, Linn. 

1. K. corymbosa, Willd. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 439, cum syn. ; Wight, 
lUust. ii. t. 128.)— c.p. 3619 (1691 partim), 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 
Corymbi rami nltimi paueiflori. Ihtcius li lin. longi, 1 lin. lati.< 



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152 BNtJMEBATioN OF [HuinaceiS, 

2. K. stricta, GfiBrtn. De Fruct. i. p. 122. t. 25.— -ff: mollis, Br. ; W. 
et A., 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 3620 (1691 partim). 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, on the hiUs. 
Corymbi rami altimi plariflori. Fructu* ^ lin. longus. 

Differs irom the last iu its longer, narrower leaves, its subumbellate and elongated* 
branches of the corymb, and in its much smaller codci. 

3. K. SEeylanica, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 440, cum eyn. ; exol. K, 
stricta, Gsert.) — c.p. 1690. 

Hab. Common in the southern parts of the island, up to no great 
elevation. Nom. vulg. " Ella-rat-mool." - • 

4. K. platycarpa, Am. Pug. 26 (344) ; Walp. Eep. ii. p. 468.—C.P. 
1689 (2470). 

Var. j3. hirsuta. — K, kirsutof Am. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. p. 469. — c.p. 
1688. 

Var. y. foliosa; foliis majoribus, plus minus hirsutis, ovatis vel lan- 
ceolatis ; corymbis foliosis ; lohis calycinis longioribus (uno maximo 
sicut in varr. aliis).— c.p. 51 (118, 210, 422, 605). 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4/XK) to 7000 feet. Varr. a and iS, amongst grass ; var. y, in damp, 
rich ground. 

An extremely variable species as regards the size of th^ leaves and amount of 
pabescence on the several parts of the plant, but the several forms merge insensibly 
into one another. 



27. CANTHIUM, Lam. 

1. C. didymtun, G»rtn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 425, cum syn.) — 0. urn- 
hellatum, Wight, Icon. t. 1034. C. undulatum, Champion, in Hook. 
Kew Joum. of Bot. iv. p. 198.— c.p. 1667, 3511. 

Var. iS. lanceolatum, — C lanceolatvm. Am. Pug. 24 (342). — c.p. 
2513. 

Var. y. rosfratum ; foliis eUipticis, rostrato-acuminatis ; florihus 
paucioribus, subumbellatis, parum longioribus ; fructibus parum m^ 
joribus. — c.p. 2607. 

Var. 6. grandtfolium; foliis multo majoribus, superne nitidissimis. 
—c.p. 3419. 

Hab. Varr. a and /3, abundant up to an elevation of 4000 feet ; 
varr. y and 5, near Ratnapoora. 

2. O. montannmi Thw. ; arboreum, inerme ; foliis valde coriaceis, 
ovatis vel orbicularibus, obtusis, pauciveniis, brevi-petiolatis ; pedun- 
culis axillaribus ; floribus 5-meris, subumbellatis. — c.p. 2610, 2663. 

Var. j3. minus; foliis minoribus, utrinque parum angustatis; pedi- 
cellis post anthesin recurvis. — c.p. 1685. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Prsecedenti valde affinis, et quoad inflorescentiam varieiati y ejusdem simillima, 
forsan varietas. 

3. O. panriflomm, Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 426, cum syn.)— c.p. 1662 
(1653). 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

4. C. macrocarimm, Thw. ; fruticosum, subscandens, spinosum ; 
ramulis teretibus, irufo-pilosulis ; foliis lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi 



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Suln<lC6€B,'] CBYLON PLANTS. 163 

rotandatis, atrinque rofo-pilosulis ; petiole nervisqne tomentosis ; cymis 
pilosis, axiUaribus, breyibus, pedunciilatis ; pedicellis calyce snbsBqui- 
longis ; Jtorilms 5-meri8 ; baccis majusculis, rotundatis, parom com- 
pressis, emarginatis ; seminibus tuberculatis. — c.p. 2816. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Folia li-3 poll. longa, }-li poll, lata, petiolo 2-8 lin. longo. Calyx minate 
5-deiitatus. Corolla fosco-albida, lobis lanceolatis, tubo interne piloso panim lon- 
gioribos. Stamina ezserta. Bacca pollicares. 

6. O. Rheedei, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn. ; varr. fi et y.)— c.p. 1666. 

Var. 5. minus; fqliis minoribus; spinis rectis, adscendentibus ; 
alabastris subito atrtennatis, acutis. — c.p. 3420. — An species distincta P 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, up to no great eleya- 
tion. Var. d. Near Batnapoora. 

6. C. campanulatom, Thw. ; fruticosum, subscandens, spinosum ; 
ramulis teretibus, pilosis ; foliis parvis, glabris, rotundatis, ovatis vel 
lanceolatis, obtuse acuminatis, apiculatis, petiolatis ; fasciculis 1-4- 
floris, axiUaribus ; pedicellis petiolo multum longioribus ; alabastris 
acutis, medio constrictis ; corolla campanulata ; limbo 5-lobo ; baccis 
obcordatis, compressis ; seminibus tuberculatis. — c.p. 2472. 

Hab. Deltotte, in the Central I^ovince, at an elevation of 3000 feet ; 
not common. 

Folia 5-14 lin. longa, 3-8 lin. lata, petiolo 1-li lin. longo. PediceUi glabri, 
tenues, 3-4 lin. longi. Calyx glaber, crateriformis, minnte 5-dentatu8. Corolla 
loH 2 lin. longi, tudo prope basin piloso seqnilongi. Anthera pamm exsertse. Stylus 
couicus. Stigma obconicnm, utrinque tmncatum, indivisom. Bacca pisi magni- 
tndine. 



28. TIMONIUS, Rumph., DC. 
NelitriSi Gsertner. Eupyrena, W. et A. 

1. T. lambosella, Thw. — Nelitris lambosella, Graertn. De Fruct. i. 
p. 134. t. 27 (excl. syn.). Bupyrena glabra, W. et A., 1. o. p. 422. — 
c.p. 167 (664). 

Hab. Very common in the southern and central parts of the island, 
up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Arbor parva, 8-10-pedalis. Folia snbtns ad costam glandoloso-porosa. Infio- 
rescentia axillaris, polygamo-dioica. Corolla ocbracea, lobis comosis, interne lon- 
gitadinaliter 4-6-8i:dcatis, snbimbricatis. Flos. F(eh. Solitarii, cam apice peduncnli 
pins minus elongati articnlati, bibracteolati. Ovarium ssepissime 12-loculare. Stylus 
simplex. Stigmata 12, in fasciculis 4 coalita. Pedunculi masc. bifcirci, panciflori. 
Flores laxe spicati, snbsecnndi. Anthera lineari-oblongse, subsessQes, inclusse. 
Stylus apice minnte bifidns. 

Sect. 2. CorolliB segmsntis contorto-imbricatis. 

t Ovarii loculis 1-ovulatis, 

29. GUETTABDA, Linn. 

1. O. speciosa, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. 422, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 
t. 40.)— c.p. 2990. 

Hab. Caltufa, Moon, Near Galle. Nom. vulg. " Nil-pitcha." 

X 



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164 B917MBBATION OF [Bubiaeea. 

30. COFFEA9 Liim. 

1. O. Travaneorensis, Herb. Mad. ; W. et A., 1. c. p. 436.— (7. 
triflora, Moon*8 Cat. p. 16 (non Forst.) — c.P. 2458. — ^An C Bengha- 
lensisy Eoxb. var. P 

Hab. Warm, moister parts of the island, ap to an elevation of 300O 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Gas-pitcha." 

Frutex 4-8-pedalis. Ramuli adsceDdentes, pills brevibns scabri. Folia 1-4 poll, 
longa, i-2 poll. lata, petiolo circiter 1 lin. loogo. Bacca spheericsB yd param 
oblatse, nigrse, 4-5 lin. in diam. (siccse) sabdidymse. Semina hemisphserica, ad 
Mum ezcavata. • 

2. O. IViglitlana, Wall. (W. et A., I.e. p. 436; Wight, Icon. t. 
1698.)— c.P. 1664. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Differing from the last principally in its more horizontal ramification and smaller 
leaves, bnt, as remarked by Wight and Arnott, the two are probably forms of one 
species. 

3. O. ? elliptiea, Thw. ; dioica, glaberrima ; foliis sabcoriaceis, in- 
tegris, ellipticis vel oblong, acnminatis, basi angostatis, petiolatis ; 
stipulis majuscnlis, oblongis, acutis, convolutis ; pedunculis termina- 
libus, ternis ; pedicelUs subseqxiilongis, ternis, folio moltuin brevi- 
oribus ; bracteolis panels, pams, squanisDformibus, versus basin pedi- 
cellorum sparsis ; calyce integro vef minutissime denticulato ; corolla 
tuho intus ad apicem piloso, lohis obloneis obtusis duplo longiore. 
Masc. AntJieris sessilibus, linearibns, apicmatis, inclusis, medio aflMs ; 
stylo tubo broviore, subclavato ; stigmatts lobis angustis, coheerentibns ; 
ovarii rudimento subnullo. — c.P. 3482. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor parva 10-12-pedali8j (sicca) nigrescens. Folia 4-10 poll, longa, 2-3 poll, 
lata, petiolo ^-1^ poll, longo. Calycis tubus 1 lin. longus. Corolla alba, iubo 12 
lin. loDgo, lobis oblongis, obtnsis, 8 lin. loogis. Fl.foem. ignoti. 

This species is placed provisionally only with Coffea^ with which it agrees in many 
respects, nntil the strnctare of the female flower is known : it will then probably b« 
found to be generically quite distinct. 

C. Arabica, L., so extensively cultivated in the island, springs np in the forests 
from seeds carried by birds, monkeys, etc., but cannot be considered indigenous. 

31. PBISMATOMEBIS, Thw. 

Hook. Kew Joum. Bot. viii. p. 268. 

Calyx cupnliformis, subinteger. CorolhB segmenta camosa, prisma- 
tica, basi excavata. Filamenta brevia. Anthera inclossB, apicu>TL8 ex- 
sertis. 

1. P. albidiflora, Thw. 1. c. t. 7 A.— c.P. 728. 

Hab. Not very uncommon in the southern and central parts of the 
island, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

This plant would appear, at first sight, to offer an exception to the character of 
the section in which it is placed, but the convolute sestivation of the corolla is of 
necessity modified owing to the peculiar form and fleshy structure. 

32. IXOBA, Linn. 

1. I. eoeeinea, linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 427 ; Wight> I^on. t. 163.) — 
c.P. 190. 



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Rubiac€(B.'\ gbylon plants. 166 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island, up to an eleyation 
of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ratambala." 

2. X. calydna, Thw. ; glabra ; foliis ovatis vel lanceolatis, acumi- 
natis, basi cordatis rotundatis vel acutis, brevi-petiolatis ; vents prima- 
riis subhorizontalibus ; corymbis terminalibus, trichotoniis ; pedicellis 
brevibus, confertis ; hracteolis longiusculis, linearibos ; segmentis caly- 
cinis integris, lanceolatis, acntis, ovario 3--5-plo longioribus; corollcB 
lohis oblongo-rotundatis, acutis, tuho cylindnco multum brevioribus ; 
haccis ovoideis vel spbajncis, caJyce coronatis. — c.p. 448. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Arbor parra. Folia lr|-4 poll, longa, -^2 poll, lata, petioio 1-2 liii. longo. 
Corolla alba, rubro-tincta. 

Allied appareutly to I. polyanthay Wight, Icon. t. 1066, but distingtushed by its 
mach smaller leaves and flowers, and its glabrous corymbs. 

3. X. jncunda, Thw. ; foliis ^labris, lanceolatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, 
aeuminatis, basi angustatis, petiolatis ; carymbis terminalibus, pilosulis, 
multifloris, basi trichotomis ; divisionibus primariis elongatis ; bracteo' 
lis parvis, acutis ; segmentis calycinis truncatulis, ovario brevioribus. — 
C.P. 702 (1715, 2455, 2673). 

Var. /3; foliis anguste lanceolatis; segmentis calycinis subacutis, 
quam corollce lobi angustioribus. — c.p. 3424. 

Var. y ; tuba corollce multo breviore. — c.p. 2 (406, 739). — An species 
distinctaP 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Arbor parva, 10-20-pedalis. Folia 4-8 poll, longa, 1-4 poll, lata, petioio 2-6 
lin. longo. Corymbi ssepe coccinei. Corolla alba, rubro-tincta, lobis circiter 2 lin. 
longis, oblongis, acutiuscuUs ; tubo, var. a and j8, 7-14 lin. longo ; var. 7, 2-3 lin. 
loago. Bacca subsphscricce, atro^mbrse. 

The short tube of the corolla in var. 7 gives it an appearance very different from 
that of the other varieties, and further investigation may prove it to be specifically 
distinct ; but I can at present discover no other character of importance sufficient to 
justify its separation as a species, and especially, too, as a similar variation is observ- 
able in Pavetta Indicat L. 

* 

4. X. parviflora, Vahl, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 429, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 
t. 711.)— c.p. 2575. 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island, up to no great elevation. 

6. X. acuminata, Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 383; Eoxb. et Wall. M. Ind. 
p. 393 ; Wight, Icon. t. 706.— c.p. 748. 

Var. jS ; ramulisfoliisqxie utrinque velutinis. 

Hab. Not very uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. /3. 
Hot drier parts of the island. 

In my specimens the stipules are rounded and cuspidate, and the throat of the 
corolla is not hairy, but I cannot doubt their being specifically identical with Rox- 
burgh's plant. 



33. PAVETTA, linn. 

§ Floribua corymbosis. 

1. P. Xndica, Linn. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 431, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 148.)— o.p. 1663 and 2456. 



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166 HNUMEBATIOH OF IBubiaCtiB. 

Var. P ; cotymbii delicatulis, paucifloris ; pedicellis elongatnlis ; fo- 
liis angnste lanceolatis, membranaceis.^-c.p. 2611. 

Var. y ; cahfce parum majore ; tuho corolla breviore qnam in varr. o 
et jS. — c.P. 2512. — An Ixora hreviflora, Boxb. P 

Var. d ; foliis Bubtus coiymhisqne puberulis. — c.P. 3616. 

Hab. Var. a. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. p. 
Ambagamowa Distnct. Var. y. Common at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet. Var. d. Batticaloa. Nom. vulg. " Pawetta." 

Calyx dentibufl 4, acutiusculis, tubo 3-plo brevioribus, marginatus vel minute 4- 
denticulatus. Corolla exteme glabra, tubo interne piloso. 

2. P. tomentosa, Sm. (W. et A., 1. c. cum syn.) — Ixora tomentosa, 
Eoxb. Wieht, Icon. t. 186.— c.p. 2815. 

Hab. Abundant in the Batticaloa District. 

Denies calycini lanceolati, tubo longiores. Corolla lohi exteme parce pilosL 
This agrees so well in nearly every respect with Roxburgh's descnption and draw- 
ing» as copied in Wight's ' Icones/ that I cannot venture to separate them. The only 
difference of any importance appears to be the greater length of the calyx-lobes in 
the present plant. 

3. P. hispidnla, W. et A., 1. c— c.P. 742 (759, 771). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Frutex 2~4-pedalis. JRamuli teretes, tomentosi vel subgkbri. Folia lanceolata 
vel obovato-lanceolata, acuminata, basi cuneata, membranacea, superne hispidnla vel 
glabra, subtus tomentosa vel subglabra, 2^-8 poll, longa, 1-3 poU. lata, petioh 2-6 
lin. longo. Dentes calycini parvi acutique vel tvbo subsequilongi, obtnsiuscnli, vel 
rarius foliaceo-dilatati. Corolla albida. Bacca nigra;, nitidse, subspheericse, semi- 
pollicares. 

A variable species, distinguished from the preceding by its yellowish, rather large 
flowers, and its very long style, gradually attenuated from above the middle, and 
from the following by the very different slutpe of the leaves. 

4. P. ang^uBtifolia, Thw. ; foliis glabris (junioribus subtus ad nervos 
piloflulis), fineari-lanceolatis, utrinque acuminatis, petiolatis; stipidit 
membranaceis, ajjiculatis, exteme hispidulis, interne glabris ; corymhis 
brevibus, basi trichotomis, pilosulis; pedicellis longiusculis ; dentibtcs 
ealycinis acutis, apice recurvis ; tubo brevioribus ; corolla lohis lineari- 
bus, acutis ; stylo elongato, versus apicem attenuato.— c.p. 267. 

Hab. Banks of streams, in the Central Province ; not uncommon. 

Frutex parvus. Folia 3-7 l)oll. longa, i-1 poll, lata, petiolo 1-5 lin. longo. 
Corolla albida, tubo 7-10 lin. longo, interne piloso, lobis 5 lin. longis. Bacca pisi 
magnitudine. 

§§ Floribus glomeratis, 

5. P. involncpata, Thw. ; foliis glabris, obovatis vel obovato-lanceo- 
latis, brevi-acuminatis, basi angustatis, rotundatis vel acutis, petiolatis ; 
capitulis solitariis, axiUaribus, arete involucratis, pedunculatis.— c.p. 
428 (458, 1717). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

Frutex 10-12-pedali8, (siccus) nigrescens. Folia 2^-5 poU. longa, 1-2 poIl.hita, 
petiolo i-i poll, longo. FeduncuU folio multum breviores. Involucra foliosa, 
squamis membranaceis, interne pilosis. Calycis lobi lineares, interne pilosi, tubo 
subsequilongi. Corolla albida, lobis acutis, tubum sequantibus. Stylus corolla dnplo * 
longior, apice pilosolns. Bacca sphseriese, nigrse, pisi magnitudine. 



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BMbiaeea,} cetlon plants. 157 

ft Ovarii loculis 2-pluriovulatis, 

34. BPITHINIA, Jack. 

1. B. BKalayana, Jack, (W. et A., 1. c. p. 424, cumsyn.) — c.p. 1665. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner. 

As far as I can make out from dried specimens, the two ovnles in each loculus ap- 
pear to be attached to a central placenta, and one of them to be erect and the other 
pendulous. 

35. HYPTIANTHEBA, W. et A. 

1. H. macrocarpa, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblong^, brevi-acmninatis, 
basi parum angustatis, petiolatis ; fasciculis axUlaribus yel paulo supra- 
axillaribus, paucifloris ; ^edicellis petiolo brevioribus ; calycis lohis bre- 
vissimis, rotimdatis, apicnlatis; haccis oblongis, subsphsericis, pauci- 
spennis, l-locularibns ; seminibus plus minus compressis ; albumine 
ruminato. — c.p. 2709. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, and between Galle and Eatnapoora, at 
no great elevation. 

Frutex 8-10-pedalis. ToUa 5-8 poll, longa, li-2i poll, lata, petiolo circiter 
\ poll, longo. Corolla tubus cylindricus, 2 lin. longus, interne pilosns ; lohi 5, 
breviores, roiundati, secus medium pilosi. Anthens lineares. Bacca subpoUicares. 

This species agrees in most of its characters with Hyptianthera of "Wight and 
Amott, but those authors make no mention of the seeds of their plant being ru- 
minate. 

36. SCYPHOSTACHYS, Thw. 

Calyx brevis, tnbulosus, 4-dentatu8. Corolla tubus brevis, limbus 
4-lobus. AnthercB 4, oblongse, subinclusae. Filamenta brevia, fauce 
inserta. Stylus brevis. Stigmata 2, divergentia. Ovarium 2-loculare ; 
loculis circiter 4-ovulatis. — Frutices ; foliis lanceolatis ; stipulis acumi- 
natisy connatis ; peduncnlis axillaribus vel supra-axillaribus, ad oj^icem 
bracteolatis, paucifloris ; bracteolis majusculis, connatis, vaginantibus ; 
floribus sessilibus, parvis. Fructus baccatus. 

1. 8. pednnculattis, Thw. ; ramulis scabridis ; foliis glabriis vel 
subtos ad nervos pilosnlis; stipulis bracteolisqne striatis, cuspidatis, 
interne longe pilosis ; corolla exteme pilosa ; baccis ovoideis.— c.p. 
3423. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. 

Folia ,3-6 poll, longa, f-24 lata, petiolo 2 lin. longo. Peduneuli 2-5 lin. longi, 
saepissime deflexi. Bradeola ssepe 5-8, tanqnam spicam formantes. Bacca 7 lin. 
longse, atro-purpurese, ssepissime l-spermse. Semina lineari-oblonga, circiter 4 lin. 
longse. 

2. S. coffeoides, Thw. ; foliis glabris, subcoriaceis ; pedunculis bre- 
vibns vel snbnnUis ; bracteolis stipulisqne muticis, snbscariosis, interne 
glabris ; corolla exteme glabra. — c.p. 2710. 

Hab. Eatnapoora District, abundant, up to no great elevation. Nom. 
vulg. " Wal-copee." 

Folia 2i-5 poll, longa, f-lf lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. Bacca rubrfie. Semina 
oblonga, striata, circiter 2 lin. longa. 



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168 BsruMBBATioN OF [BubicMem. 



37. DISCOSPEBMUM, DaLsell, Walpers. 

Diplospora, DC. (nomen prioritatem habens, sed quoad plantarnm stractoram 

decipiens). 

1. D. DalsellH, Thw. ; florihus polygamo-dioicis. F(EM. Ovarii 
loculis 6-7-oviilatis. — An D. spharocarpum, Dalz. in Hook. Kew 
Journ. of Bot. ii. p. 257?— c.p. 561 (753, 767). 

HJLB. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 

Folia ^-4 poll, louga, |-lf lata, petiolo 3 lia. loogo. Florea albidi, sessiles vel 
subsessiles. F(em. Corolla tubm brevior quam in flor. masc. Ovula prope mar- 
ginem ioferiorcm placentse subheroisphscricae inserta. Bacca spbaericse, carnosse, 
▼irides, jwllicarcs. 

The ovnies of this plant arc more numerous than described by Dalzell in his 
D. spharocar2)um, and that author docs not notice the dioicous inflorescence, but I 
suspect the two plants may prove identical.* 

2. B. erythrosporxuaa, Thw. ;^6>Wftw.? polygamo-dioicis ; calyce mmute 
4-dentato; staminihm longiiisculis. Floe. F(EM. Ovarii loculis 3-4- 
ovnlatis j ha<!cis laavvis, ovoideis vel subspLaericis ; seminibtis oblongis ; 
testa rubro-glandiilosa. — c.p. 2510, 3481. 

Hab. Amoagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Folia 2-5 poll, longa, l-2i poll, lata, petiolo 1^-3 lin. longo. Flores flavidi. 
Bacca circiter 4 lin. in diam. Semina 3 lin. longa. 



38. STYLOCOBYNE, Cav. 

1. 8. l^ebera, A. Eich. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 401, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. tt. 309, 584.)— c.p. 186. 

Var. /3. montana; gemmi^ alahastrisqae gummiferis; Jlorilms ma- 
joribus. — Webera cerifera, Moon, Cat. p. 19. — c.p. 1649. 

Hab. Very abundant throughout the island. Var. /3 in more ele- 
vated localities than var. a. Nom. vulg. " Tarrana-gass." 



39. GBIFPITHIA, W. et A. 

1. O. frag^ans, W. et A., 1. c. p. 400, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 310. 
— C.P. 1234 (1651, 2522). 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Ovarii loculi circiter 8-ovulati, ovulis secus marginem placentse oblongse supra 
medium afl&xee immersis. 

2. O. Oardneri, Thw. ; inermis ; foliis glabris, nitidis, lanceolatis, 
acuminatis, basi angustatis, petiolatis ; corymhis axUlaribus, folio bre- 
vioribus, brevi-pedunculatis, parce pilosis, denique glabris ; pedicellis 
elongatulis ; hra^teolis parvis ; calyce minute 5-dentato, exteme pilo- 
sulo ; corolla exteme subglabra, interne ad faucem pilosa ; lohis lineari- 



* I cannot find any difFerence of importance. The calyx-limb differs much in 
the several species of this genus, and requires the generic character to be emended. 
It is 4-lobed in J), spharocarpum and Dahellii ; urceolate and entire in D. apio^ 
carpum ; subcampaniidate and minutely 4-toothed in D, erythrosporum. — J. D. H. 



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Valeria/Hoeea,'] cbtlon vllstb. 169 

lanceolatiB ; tuho dnplo longioribns.— iS<^^corvn« Cevlanica, Ghurdn., 
MSS.— C.P. 657 (746). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor parva, elegans, 15-20-pedali8. Hamuli teretes, param compressi. Folia 
2-44 poll, louga, |-li poll, lata, peiiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Floret flavidi, lobia 4 lin. 
longis. Placenta 8-12-ovulat8e. Bacca subsphsericse, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

3. O. mgnlosa, TLw. ; foliis rugulosis, ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, 
brevi-acmninatis, subtus ad nervos pilosis, denique clabris, petiolatis ; 
corymhi8 adpresse pilosis, folio oppositis, ad axillam ftlii a,bortivi parvi 
spinffiformis solitanis ; deniihm calycinis brevibus, subulatis. — c.P. 245. 

Hab. Ambagamowa, Saffragam, and Gralle Districts ; not common. 

Frutex ; ramulis striatulis, cincreis, juniorihns pilosulis. Folia 2-6 poll. loDga, 
1—3 poll, lata, petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Stipula rotandatse, cnspidatse, interne ad 
basin glandolosse. Bacca globosse, pisi magnitudine. 

40. BANDIA, Honst. 

1. B. dumetomm, Lam. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 397, cnm sjm. ; Wight, 
Icon. t. 680.)— 5. longispina, DC, W. et A., 1. c. p. 398 ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 582.— C.P. 1652. 

Hab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

2. R. ulisinosA, DC. (W. et A., 1. c. ; Wight, loon. t. 397.)— c.P. 



Hab. Trincomalee, TFl Morris, Esq* 

The unripe frnit of this plant, Mr. Morris informs me, is employed as a vegetable 
by the Cinghalese. 

41. GABDENIA, Ellis. 

1. O. earinata, Wall, in Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 560 j DC. Prod. iv. p. 
380. — ^An G.costatcB, Eoxb. var.P— c.p. 3618 (1655 partim), 

Hab. Batticaloa District, Gardner. 

In the herbarium I have specimeDs with no locality indicated, and Mr. W. 
Ferguson has sent me from Colombo the leaves of another species of Gardenia 
{" O^is-gass" of the Cinghalese), which seems to resemble in many respects G. 
latifolia, Ait.« bnt Mr. F. is under the impression that the fruit is costate, so the 
matter must remain in donbt until flowers and fruit can be obtained for exami- 
nation. 

42. WBNDLANDIA, Barti. 

1. "W. Notoniaaa, Wall. (W. et A., 1. c. p. 403, cnm syn.) — TT. 
bictispidata, W. et A. 1. c. — c.P. 315. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

The stipules are very variable in form ; sometimes deeply bifid, but more fre- 
qnently merely retose at the apex, with the sinus mncronate, and often quite entire. 

LXXXII. VALEEIANACILS). 
1. VALBBIANA, Neck. 
1. V. HardwiekU, Wall. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 166.)— DC. Prod. iv. 



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160 BNUMSBATION OF ICompositig. 

p. 640.— F. eUUa, Don, Prod. Fl. Nep. p. 169. F. Hookeriana, W. 
et A. Prod. i. p. 444. F Amotticma, Wight, Ic. tt. 1045, 1046. — 
O.P. 150 (1729). 

Hab. I^ewera Ellia, abundant. 

The amoant of pabescence apon the leaves varies very much. In my specimens 
the achenia are not at all hairy between the ribs. 



LXXXin. DIPSACILS:. 
1. DIPSACUS, Toum. 

1. B. lieschenaidtii, Conlt.— DC. Prod. iv. p. 647.— D. WalJceri, 
Am. Puff. p. 26 (334) ; Wight, Ic. t. 1166.— c.p. 2404 (1730). 
Hab. iTewera Ellia, at an eleyation of 7000 feet. 

LXXXIV. COMPOSITE. 
1. VEBNONIA, Schreb. 

1. V. Java&ica, DC. Prod. v. p. 22, cum syn.— c.p. 1742. 

Hab. Not uncommon, afc the margpns of damp woods, np to an ele- 
vation of 5000 feet : very abundant m the Ambagamowa District. 

2. V. IJinslitiaaa, Am. Pug. p. 27 (345) ; DC. Prod. vii. p. 263.— c.p. 

(1741). 

Var. /3 ; foliis anguste lanceolatis, subtus parce tomentosis. — c.p. 
164. — ^An species distinctaP 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. Var. j3. 
In the Ambagamowa District. 

The different form of the leaves, and their mach smaller amoant of pabescence, 
give a distinct appearance to var. fi ; bat it resembles var. a so closely in the whole 
stmctore of the inflorescence that I cannot ventare to separate them. 

3. V. Zeylanica, Less. (DC. Prod. v. p. 26, cum syn.)— c.p. 1738. 
Hab. Common, in the warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation 

of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Poopoola." 

4. V. conysoides, DC. Prod. v. p. 25, cum syn.; Wight, Icon. 1. 1076. 
— r. SooJceriana, Am. Pug. p. 28 (346>/ ; DC. Prod. vii. p. 263.— c.p. 
1737. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 4000 feet. 
The outer series of the pappns in my specimens is very inconspicaoos. 

5. V. cinerea, Less. (DC. Prod. v. p. 24, cum syn.) — c.p. 1736. 
Hab. Very abundant throughout the island. iTom. vulg. ** Monera- 

koodimbeya. * 

6. V. NeilsherryeiiBis, DC. I.e. p. 32; Wieht, Icon. t. 1078.— F. 
setigera, Am. Pug. p. 27 (345) ; DC. Prod. vii. p. 263.— c.p. 20 (169, 
566). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

7. V. anthelmintica, WiUd. (DC. Prod. v. p. 61, cum syn.)— c.p. 487. 
Hab. Galacama, Gardner, Common in native gardens, but I have 

never met wim it truly wild. 



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Camposita.'] cbylon plants. 161 

8. V. Ohurdneri, Thw. ; herbacea ; foliM subsessilibus, lanceolatis vel 
angoste lanceolatis, acute serratis, subglabris, basi angostatis ; corymbo 
oligocephalo ; capitulis majuscnlis, mmtifloris, longe peduncttlatis ; in- 
vohicri squamis lanceolatis, ssepe abrupte angustatis, squarrosis, exte^ 
rioribus brevioribus an^fustioribusque ; acheniis cylindraceis, pilosis, 
pajppo exteriore brevissimo; receptaculo alveolo-nmbriato. — c.p. 27, 
1745. 

Var. /3. nervosa ; foliis firmis, ovatis vel rotundatis, acmninatis, venis 
subtos prominentibns, invol. squamis brevi-acuminatis. — c.p. 44. — ^An 
species oistinctaP 

Hab. Central Province. Var. a. In shadv places, up to an elevation 
of 5000 feet. Var. jS. On exposed, wet, rocky slopes, oetween Horton 
Plains and Galagama. 

Var. a of this species closely resembles V, anthelminiica, bat the latter is distin> 
goished by its smdler florets, obtuse involacre-scales, larger seeds, and naked recep- 
tacle. Yar. $ differs from var. a in the shape of the leaves, and their veins being 
much more prominent beneath ; but in other respects it seems to agree with un- 
doubted forms of this very variable species. 

9. V. nemoralis, Thw. ; herh&cea., caule minute adpresse piloso,^- 
liis lanceolatis, acuminatis, distanter serratis, subglabris, basi angus- 
tatis, capitulis 20-30-floris, longiuscule pedunculatis, involuori squamis 
parce floccosis, lineari-oblongis, apice plus minus rotundatis, mucronu- 
latis, interiorihus subelongatis, achamis pilosis, pappo exteriore brevi, 
subpaleaceo, receptaculo sdveolato-fimbriato. — c.p. 2l6. 

Hab. Safiragam and contiguous districts, at no great elevation. 
Closely allied to the preceding, from which it is principally distinguished by its 
fewer florets and the different shape of its involucre-scales. 

10. V. pectinifbrmUi, DC. Prod. v. p. 31; Wight, Ic. t. 1077.— F. 
pmusticulata, DC. Prod. vii. p. 264.— c.p. 294 (567). 

Hab. Central Province, to an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 
Achania subglabra. Pappus plus minus rufescens, serie externa 8-4-plo breviore, 
deddoa. 

11. V. seariosa. Am. Pug. p. 28 (346). — Decaneurum ? scariosum, 
DC. Prod. vii. p. 264.-;-c.p.^89. 

Var. p. crassa ; elatior ; involuori squamis villosis, latioribus, abrupte 
et longe subulato-acuminatis.— c.p. 28^. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. Var. jS. 
In very damp shady places. 

2. BLEPHANTOPUS, Cass. 

1. B. seaber, Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 86 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1086).— 
c.p. 1772. 

Hab. Very abundant in open places in the warmer parts of the 
island. Norn, vulg; " At-addeya." 

3. AGEBATUM, Linn. 

1. A. eonymoides, Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 108, cum syn.)— c.p. 3633. 
Hab. a most abundant weed throughout the islana, from the sea- 
level to an elevation of 7000 feet. 



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162 BNUMBBATioN OF ICompostta* 



4. ADENOSTEMMA, Forst. 

1. A. ▼iscosum, Forst. (DC. Prod. v. p. Ill, cum syn.) — A. latifb- 
Hum, Don j DC. 1. c. p. 112 j Wight, Ic. t. 1087. A. erectum, DC. 1. c. 
p. 113. A. reticulatunif DC. I.e.; Wight, Icon. t. 1088. A. angus^ 
tifoUum, Arn. Pug. 29 (347) ; DC. Prod. vii. t). 266.— c.p. 694. 

Hab. Very abundant throughout the island. 

5. LAGENOPHOBA, Cass. 

1. !■. Karreyi, Thw. ; foliis spathulato-oblongis, sinuato-dentafis, 

glus minus hirsutis ; scctpo foliis 3-3-plo longiore ; involucri squamis 
neari-lanceolatis, subglabris; achisnits 3-Benalibu8, glabris, margine 
incrassato, rostro antice glanduloso; receptaculo conico. — c.p. 21 (513). 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet, not 
very xmcommon. 

The triserial arrangement of the achsenia, pointed out to me by my friend Pro- 
fessor W. H. Harvey, when we were examining the plant together in the island, 
seems sufBcient to separate this from the other describe species of the genus. 

6. MYMACTIS, Less. 

1. M. -Wn^litli, DC. Prod. V. p. 308; Wight, Icon. t. 1091.— -Sf. 
Chnelinit DC. 1. c. p. 309. — An M» Javanica et M. pilosa, DC. 1. c. 
p. 308 P— c.p. 1740. 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
5000 to 8000 feet. 

7. AMPHIBHAPIS, DC. 

1. A. Zeylanica, DC. Prod. vii. p. 279. — Solidago Zeylanica, Am. 
Puff. 29 (347).— c.p. 152. 
Hab. Abundant throughout the island. 

8. SPH-ffiJRANTHUS, Vaill. 
(Nom. vulg. " Mooda-mahana.") 

1. 8. microcephalns, Willd. (DC. Prod. v. p. 369, cum syn.)— c.p. 
1770. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. S. liirtuB, Willd. (DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. 1. 1094.)— 
c.p. 1769. 

Hab. Very abxmdant on the borders of paddy-fields. 

3. S. amaranthoides, Burm. (DC. 1. c. p. 370, cum syn. j Wight, 
Icon. t. 1149.)— c.p. 1768. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

9. DICHBOCBPHALA. DC. 

1. B. Utifolia, DC. Prod. v. p. 372, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1096. 
—c.p. 1766, 3303. 

Hab. Very common in waste places. 



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ComposUa.'] cbylon plants. 163 

10. GEANGEA, Adans. 

1. O. Maderaspatana, Poir. (DC. Prod. v. p. 373, cum eyn. : Wkht, 
Icon. t. 1097.)— C.P. 1767. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

11. CONYZA, Less. 

1. O. JEgTptiaca, DC. Prod. v. p. 382.-0. semipinnatifida, Wall. ; 
DC. 1. 0. JErigeron hispidmnt DC. 1. c. p. 292, cum syn, JE, sublira- 
turn, Eoxb. ; DC. 1. c— c.p. 1733. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

2. O.viacitola, Wall. (DC. 1. c. p. 383.)— C. Wallichii, DC. 1. c. 
p. 384, cum syn. — c.p. 1739. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 

12. BLUMBA, DC. 

1. B. amplectens, DC. Prod. v. p. 433, cum syn.— c.p. 1730, 3523. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

2. B. arenaria, DC. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 1732. 
Hab. North of the island, Gard/ner, 

3. B. barbata, DC. 1. c. p. 434.— c.p. 1731. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

4. B. lacera, DC. 1. c. p. 436, cum syn. — B. Wightiana, DC. 1. c. 
p. 435, cum syn. ; Am. Pug. 29 (347).— c.p. 1736. 

Hab. Very abundant throughout the island, on the borders of 
paddy-fields, etc. 

6. B. hieraciifoUa, DC. 1. c. p. 442; Wight, Icon. t. 1099.— c.p. 19, 
403. 

Var. jS ; eaulibusfoliisque subtus dense villosis. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Dr. Wight's figure, quoted above, would seem to represent a stunted form or a 
very early stage of growth of the present plant, which here usually occurs from 8 to 
5 feet or even more in height. 

6. B. crinita, Am. Pug. 30 (348) ; DC. Prod. vii. p. 283.— c.p. 147. 
Hab. Adam's Peak and Newera EUia, Gardner. 

Closely allied to and very much resembling the preceding species, but apparently 
quite distinct. I have not seen the plant in a fresh state, my specimens having 
been collected by Dr. Gkurdner. 

7. B. alata, DC. Prod. v. p. 448, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1101.— 
c.p. 661 (683). 

Hab. Grassy places, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4O0O 
to 6000 feet. 

8. B. slandnl^sa, DC. 1. c. p. 438.— C.P. 1734, 2822. 
Var. jS ; subglabra, eglanduiosa. — c.p. 560. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Var. p. In damp 
shady places. 

9. B. myriocepliala, DC. 1. c. p. 446. — An B. grandis, DC. 1. c. p. 
447?— c.p. 1744(2657). 



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164 BNUMEBATION OF ICompoittte 

Hab. Hantani, in the Central Proyince, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Herbacea, 4-6-pedali8, Folia ad basin lobalis parvis paads appendicidata. 
Aehania pubescentia. 

10. B. anf^nstifoUa, Thw. ; liumilis ; foliis glabris, integris, an^nste 
lanceolatis, obtusinsculis, obscure et remote denticulatis, basi k>nge 
cuneatis; corymbis oligocepbalis ; capitulis plurifloris pedicellisque 
plus minus lanato-villosis ; tnvolucri squamis nneari-lanceolatis, apice 
nbrillatis, disco parum longioribus; receptaculo glabro; achteniis 
glabris. — c.p. 691. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 

Herbacea, suberecta, pedalis, basi procombens, ramosa, radicans. Folia 1-3 poU. 
longa, 2-4 lin. lata. JPlotculi flavidi. Pappus paucns, albus. 

* 

13. EPALTES, Caas. 

1. B. dirarieata, Cass. (DC. Prod. v. p. 461.)— jE^. linearifoUa, DC. 
1. c. JE.pvgmaay DC. 1. c. — c.p. 234. 

Hab. very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. I^om. 
vulg. "Heen-moodoo-mahana." 

14. VICOA, Cass. 

1. V. Xndiea, DC. Prod. v. p. 474, cum syn. — c.p. 1757. 
Hab. Abundant up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

15. ECLIPTA, Linn. 

1. B. erecta, Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 490, cum syn.) — S. prostrata, 
Linn. ; DC. 1. c. cum syn. M parvijlora. Wall. ; DC. L c. — c.p. 1754. 
Hab. Extremely abundant. Nom. vulg. " Keekerindi." 

16. BLAINVILLEA, Cass. 

1. B. latifoUa, DC. Prod. v. p. 492, cum syn.— c.p. 1753. 
Hab. Not uncommon in waste places. 

17. SIEGESBECEIA, Linn. 

1. 8. orientalis, Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 495 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1103.) 
— C.P. 1752. 
Hab. Common in waste places. 

18. XANTHIUM, Toum. 

1. X. strnmarinmy Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 523, cum syn.) — X, Indu 
cum, Eoxb. ; DC. I.e. cum syn.; Wight, Icon. t. 1104. X. irugqui- 
laterale, DC. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 1771. 

Hab. Not uncommon in exposed sandy places. 

19. MOONIA, Arn. 

1. M. heterophylla. Am. Pug. 31 (349) ; DC. Prod. vii. p. 289. 
Var. a ; foliis simplicibus. — c.p. 1758. 



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CompontiB.] GBYLON PLANTS. 166 

Var. jS ; foliis 3-6-8ectiB. — M, Amottiana, Wight, loon. t. 1105. — 
c.p. 34. 

Hab. Both varieties very abundant at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 
feet. 

Herbacea. Achania ad apicem obscure bicomnta vd mutica. 

20. WEDELIA, Jacq. 

1. M. calendulacea. Less. (DC. Prod. v. p. 639, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. 1. 1107.)— c.p 1756. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island, especially 
near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Sanwan-keeJdrindi.** 

21. WOLIiASTONIA, DC. 

1. IV. biflora, DC. Prod. v. p. 546, cum syn. j Wirfit, Icon. t. 1108. 
— W, dsperrima, DC. 1. c. p. 547. TF. scahriuscula, DC. 1. c. cum syn. 
W, alabrata, DC. 1. c. p. 548. W. insularis, DC. 1. c— c.p. 1760 
(1759). 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

22. BIDENS, linn. 

1. B. pUosEy Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 597, cum syn.) — B, Sundaica, 
Bl. ; DC. 1. c. p. 698. -B. WallicMi.vCA, c. cum syn.— c.p. 3630. 

Hab. a very common plant in cultivated groimd. Nom. vulg. 
"Wal-teekola." 

2. B. decompositay Wall. (DC. 1. c. p. 602, cum syn. P)— c.p. 3583. 
Hab. Batticaloa District, not common. 

Involucri sgitama lineares, ciliatee. LigtUa flavse, breves. Achania elongata, 
3-4-gona, subglabra vel versus apicem hirsuta, 3-4-ari8tata. 

The achsenia of J7. decomponta are described as biaristate, whilst in my phmt 
they are 3-^-aristate^ but m other respects there would seem to be but ^ght 
difference, if any. 

23. SPITiANTHES, Jacq. 

1. 8. AcmeUa, Linn. (DC. Prod. v. p. 623, cum syn.)— /S. Pseudo- 
Acmella, Linn. ; DC. 1. c. p. 625, cum syn. 8. calva, DC. 1. c. cum syn. 
^.p. 684. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
6000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ac-malla." 

24. ABTEMISIA, linn. 

1. A. ▼ulf^aria, Linn. (DC. Prod. vi. p. 112, cum syn.) — A, Indica, 
WiUd. ; DC. l.c. p. 114, cum syn.; Wight, Icon. t. 1111. A. lepto- 
stachya, DC. 1. c. p. 113. A. pauciiloraj Stechm. ; DC. 1. c. p. 102. 
A. dubia, Wall. ; DC. 1. c. p. 110. A. Boyleana, Edcw.— c.p. 1755. 

Hab. Not uncommon in or near native gardens. Si om. vulg. " Wal- 
kolondoo." 

25. MYBIOGYira!, Less. 

1. M. minnta, Less. (DC. Prod. vi. p. 139, cum syn.)— c.p. 2715. 



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166 BNUMBBATION OF [ComposittB, 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon. 

26. GNAPHATiIUM, Linn. 

1. O. Xndicnm, Linn. (DC. Prod. vi. p. 231 ; DC. 1. c. p. 274.)— c.P. 
1762,1764. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
7000 feet. 

CauUs simplex vel ramosos. CapUula in glomerulos paacos yd plorimos secus 
corymbi divisiones sparsos aggregata. Involucri squama albidse vel plus minus 
roseo-tinctse. 

2. O. marcescens, Wight, Icon. t. 1115.— c.P. 1765, 3522. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 
folia sapeme glabra vel araueo-lanosa. Achania (in meis specim.) glabra. 

3. O. XZookerianom. — Selichrysum Sookerianum, W. et A. ; DC. 
1. c. p. 201.— An H, buddleioides, DC. 1. c. var. P— c.P. 681. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 
Suf&uticosom. Eeceptaculum Inteo-glandulosum. 

4. O. IVi^litiaiiiiin, Wall. Cat. 2940. — Anaphalis Wightiana, DC. 
1. o^. 273 ; Wight, Icon. 1. 1117.— c.P. 628, 132, 568, 1763. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Snffimticosnm. Folia lineari-oblonga, ssepe spatbolata, late sessilia, supeme sab- 
glabra vel plus minus lanuginosa, subtus dense cano-lanuginosa yd rarius sub- 
glabra. 

Dr. Wight's figure, quoted above, so well represents a common form of this 
variable species, except that the capitula are somewhat larger in my specimens than 
shown in that figure, that there can be little doubt, I think, of the two plants bdng 
identical. 

5. Q. brevifolium. — Anaphalis hrevtfolia, DC. 1. c. p. 273. — ^An A. 
Neilgherriana, DC. 1. o. p. 272, et Wight, Icon. t. 478P— c.p. 1761. 

Hab. Horton Plains and other of the most elevated parts of the 
Central Province. 

27. GYNUBA, Cass. 

V 1. a. lycopersicifolia, DC. Prod. vi. p. 300, cum syn. — c.P. 420, 
2826 (1750). 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Kadoo-para." 

2. G. Nepalensis, DC. 1. c. cum syn.— c.P. 3539. 
Hab. Galagama, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

3. O. hispida, Thw. ; herbacea, subcamosa, pilis flavis hispida ; caule 
simplice vel parce ramoso, basi folioso ; foliis obovato-lanceolatis, plus 
minus sinuato-dentatis, inferioribus in petiolum angustatis ; achisniis 
glabris. — c.p. 3507. 

Hab. On damp rocks, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
5000 to 7000 feet. 

l-3-pedali8. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, f-J poll. lata. Capitula 3-6, longe pedi- 
cellata, pluriflora, parce villosa. Involucrum flosculis flavo-aurantiacis parnm brevius, 
dracteolis numerosis lincari-lanceolatis yix duplo longius. 

Apparently very closely allied to G. auranliaca, DC. {Cacalia auraniiaca, 
Blume). 



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Composita,^ cbylon plants. 167 

28. EMILIA, Cass. 

1. B. sondklfoUa, DC. Prod. vi. p. 302, cum sjrn.— c.p. 3343. 
Hab. Very abundant. Nom. vulg. " Kadoo-para." 

An extremely variable plaut as regards the shape of the leaves. 

2. B. prenanthoidea, DC. 1. c. p. 303, cum syn. — JE. angustifolia, 
DC. 1. c. cum syn.— An E. scahra, DC. 1. c. P— c.p. 430 (444, 681, 670). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 
Folia caulina cordato-sagittata, angoste lanceolata, vel rarias oblonga snblirataqae, 
glabra vd (prsecipue subtns) pubenila. Flotculi purpurei. t 

29. DOBONICUM, Linn. 

1. B. "Walkeri, Arn. Pug. 32 (350) ; DC. Prod. vi. p. 322.— c.p. 161 

588). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

i-3-pedale, plus minus pilosam. Folia oblonga, sessiHa vel in petiolum longom 
basi saepiud appendiculatam angostata, dentata vel pinnatipartita, 1-6 poll, longa, 
i-2 poll. hkta. 

A most variable plant, the extreme forms of which, in the absence of the inter- 
mediate ones, it would be difficult to believe specificaUy identical. 

2. B. Qardneri, Tbw. ; glabrum ; caule adscendente, folioso ; foliis 
lineari-lanceolatis, distanter grosse serratis, basi angustatis ; ligulis 4- 
nerviis ; acJuBniis pilosulis. — c.p. 435 (469). 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

i-2-pedale. Folia 1-3^ poll, longa, 2-4 lin. lata, subtus pallidiora. AcJuenia 
albida. 

In the characters of the inflorescence, this very closely resembles the preceding 
species, but the very narrow smooth leaves seem sufficient to keep it distinct. 

30. SENECIO, Less. 

1. S. corymbosuB, Wall. (DC. Prod. vi. p. 364 ; Wight, Icon. t. 
1130.)— c.p. 565. 

Var. jS.— iS. WalJceri, Am. ; DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1131.— 
c.p. 272. 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon. Var. a. At an elevation of 
7000 to 8000 feet. 

An examination of numerous specimens has proved to me that the characters 
which have been employed to separate varr. a and fi as distinct species, are by no 
means constant, so that I have no hesitation in uniting them. 

2. S. l^alkeriy Thw. (non Am. ; vide sp. prec. var. jS.) — Gynv/ra 
Walkeri, Wight, Icon. t. 1122.— c.p. 533. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 
This appears to be a true species of Senecio : it has not the styles of Oynura. 
The flowers are of a pale-yellow colour. 

3. S. Zeylanicns, DC. I.e. p. 366.— iSf. gracilis. Am. Pug. 31 (349). 
— ^An 8. Neilgherrianusy DC. I.e. p. 368, var.P — c.p. 1749. 

Hab. Amongst hi^h grass, at IN ewera Ellia and other of the most 
elevated parts of the island. 

4. S. IVi^htianiiB, DC. 1. c. p. 370, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1136. 
—c.p. 1751. 



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168 BNTTMEBITION OF [SUflidiea. 

Hab. Common in the Matoratte and other districts of the Central 
Province. 

Folia (in meis specim.) seepissime ad basin pinnatim 2-4-lobata. 

31. NOTONIA, DC. 

1. N. iprandiflora, DC. Prod. vi. p. 442, cum syn.— JVl. coiymbosa, 
DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 484.— c.p. 1743. 
Hab. Batticaloa District. 

32. BRACHYBAMPHnS, DC. 

1. B. sonchifolinsy DO. Prod. vii. p. 177, cum syn. — B. Heyneantis, 
Wight, Icon. t. 1146. Lactuca Seyneana, DC. 1. c. p. 140, cum syn. — 
c.p. 2827. 

Hab. GaUe, GardM&r. 

33. MICBOBHYNCHUS, Less. 

1. US. sarmentosuB, DC. Prod. vii. p. 181, cum syn. ; Wight, Blust. 
t. 133.— c.p. 1746. 
Hab. Common near the seashore. 

34. SONCHUS, linn. 

1. S. oleraceuB, Linn. — c.p. 3631. 

Hab. a very common weed in the Central Province, in newly-cleared 
ground. 

36. YOUNGIA, Cass. 

1. V. lyrata, Cass. Opusc. iii. p. 86. — Y. Mauritiana, Y, Thun- 
hergiana, Y. rtmcinata, Y. na^ifolia, Y. Poosia, Y, striata, et Y. am- 
higua, DC. Prod. vii. pp. 192, 193, cum syn. Y. napifolia, Wight, 
Icon. t. 1147.— c.p. 1747. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province, etc., up to an elevation 
of 5000 feet. 

2. V. foscipappa, Thw. ; glabra ; caulibus ssepe e collo plurimisy 
erectis, parce foliosis ; foliis radicalihiis Hneari-lanceolatis, acutis, run- 
cinatis, m petiolum longum angustatis ; caulinis summis Hnearibus ; 
corymhis apertis. — c.p. 1748. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 feet. 

l-2-pedali8. Folia 4-8 poll, longa, \-% poll. lata. Involucra 8 lin. longa, 
minute bracteolata. Ackania fusifonnia, parce compressa, puberola, striata. P^qipus 
pallide fuscus. 

LXXXV. STYLIDEELS). 

1. STYLIDIUM, Sw. 

1. S. ulif^nosnm, Sw. (DC. Prod. vii. p. 336.)— C.P. 2505. 
Hab. South of the island. 



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Campanulacea.2 cbtlon flakts. 169 



LXXXVI. GOODENOVIKS:. 

1. SC^VOLA, Linn. 
(Nom. vulg. " Taccada.*') 

1. 8. Koen^ii, Vahl, (DC. Prod. vii. p. 606, cnm syn. ; Hook. fil. et 
T. PwecTirs. ad Fl. Ind. in Linn. Soc. Joum. (Bot.) ii. p. 8, cum 8yn« 
8eq,)—8. Bela-Modagam, E. & S. ; DC. 1. c. 8, Taccada, Eoxb. DC. 
1. c. ; Wight, Illust. t. 137. S. sericea, Forst. ; DC. 1. c. 506. S, Lam- 
bertiana, De Vriese ; Walp. Ann. ii. p. 1056. S, chlorantha, De Vriese ; 
Walp.Lc— c.p. 3632. 

Hab. Yery abundant between Colombo and Galle, and other parts 
of the coast. 

2. S. Plnmieri, Vahl, (DC. I.e. p. 606, cum syn. ; Hook. fil. et T. 
1. c. cum syn. seqjl — 8, Thunhergii, Eck. et Zeyh. ; DC. 1. c. 8, 8ene- 
galensis, JPresl; DC. I.e. 8. iwifera, Stocks; Wight, Ic. 1. 1613. 8, 
Mdcraei, De Vriese (fide Auct.) ; Walp. 1. c. — c.p. 1777. 

Hab. Near Colombo, and other parts of the coast. 



LXXXVII. CAMPANDLACEJS. 

TRIBE I. CAMPANULEJB. 
1. WAHLENBEBGIA, Schr. 

1. IV. agrestis, A. (DC. Prod. vii. p. 4a4; Wight, Icon. t. 1175 ; 
Hook. fil. et T. Linn. Soc. Journ. (Bot.) ii. p. 21, cum syn. seq.) — W. 
dehiscens, A. DC. 1. c. W, Indica, A. DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1176. 
— c.p. 1774. 

Hab. Very abundant in grassy places in the Central Province, at an 
devation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

2. CAMPANUIiA, Linn. 

1. O. fallens, Wall, in Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 99; DC. Prod. vii. p. 
477; Wight, Icon. 1. 1179; Dlust. t. 136.--C.P. 1775. 

Qab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet, but 
not common. 

TRIBE II. LOBEUEJS, 
3. LOBELIA, Linn. 

1. Ii. tri^na, Eoxb. (DC. Prod. vii. p. 359 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1170.) 
— An L. affinisy Wall. ; DC. 1. c. p. 360P An i. trtalata, Ham. ; DC. 
LcP— c.p. 1776,2981. 

Hab. Abundant throughout the island. 

A most variable plant, and I have been unable to find sufficiently constant cha- 
racters in any of Its forms to justify my separating them as distinct species ; nor 
have I ever met with specimens in which the stem, when in a fresh state, was not 
more or less triangular. 

z 



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170 BNUMBBATiON OF [Ericaee€B. 

2. Ii. ezceUa, Lesch. (DC. 1. c. p. 381, cum eyn. ; Wight, Icon. tt. 
1173, 1174.) — i. nicotiqTu^olia, Heyne ; DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ulust. 1. 135. L. aromatica, Moon's Cat. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1172.— c.p. 
2592 (529, 631, 548). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet ; abun- 
dant at Newera EUia and Maturatte. Norn. vulg. " Eas-nee.*' 

Tke forms of this plant, which have been raised by some authors to the rank of 
species, merge so insensibly into one another, that 1 feel obliged to include them aU 
under one specific name. The amount of pubescence upon the several parts, as well 
as the relative length of the calyx -lobes, are very variable, and 1 have found in the 
same raceme some pedicels with indications of the two minute bracteolse, and others 
without the slightest trace of those appendages, and which latter seem to have their 
fullest development in plants of the most luxuriant growth. 



LXXXVIII. SPHENOCLEACE^. 
1. SPHENOCLEA, Gsertn. 

1. 8. Pon|r<^tiiim, DC. Prod. vii. p. 548, cum syn. ; Wight, Illust. 
1. 138.— c.p. 1773. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

LXXXIX. VACCINIELS:. 
J. VACCINIUM, Linn. 

1. V. IieschenaultU, Wight, Icon. t. 1188 ; Walp. Ann. i. p. 477.— 
Agapetes? arborea, DC. Pi'od. vii. p. 555, cum syn. — c.p. 270 (643). 

Var. P ; foliis lanceolatis vel ovato-lanceolatis ; Jloribtis pallidioribus. 
— Agapetes salicifolia, Gardn. MSS. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other of the most elevated parts of the Cen- 
tral Province. 

xc. BEiCAcaa:. 

1. GAULTHEMA, Zahn. 

1. a. fra^rantissima, Wall. (DC. Prod. vii. p. 593, cum syn. ; Wirfit, 
Icon. 1. 1196.)— c.p. 42. 

Var. p ; ramulis foliisque subtus plus minus hispidis. — G. Lesche- 
naultii, DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1195 ; Wight, Illust. t. 141 C. — 
c.p. 1790. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. Nona, 
vulg. "Kappooroo." 

Folia elliptica vel obbngo-lanceolata, obtusa vel acuta, basi angustata, rotundata 
vel cordata. Fructua pulcherrime purpureo-cjanei. 

2. BHOBOBENDItON, Linn. 

1. R. arborenni, Sm. (DC. Prod. vii. p. 720, cum syn. : Wicht, Icon. 
1. 1201 ; Wight, lUust t. 140.)— c.p. 149 (521). 



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XienUbularie€B,] cbylon plants. 171 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 'Nam, 
vnlg. " Ma-ratmal-gass." 

Folia subtus cano- vd pallide folvo-lepidota. 

XCI. LENTIBIJLABIB^. 
1. UTMCULABIA, Linn. 

1. U. flexuosa, Vahl, En. PL i. 199 ; Oliver in Linn. Soc. Joum. 
(Bot.) iii_j3. 175, cum syn. seq., scil. : U. fasciculata, Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. 
p. 143; Wall. Cat. 1499; Wight, Icon. t. 1568. Z7. iruBqualis, Ben- 
jamin in Linnaea, xx. p. 304. Z7. ramosay Vahl P — c.p. 2089. 

Hab. Common in me warmer parts of the island. 

2. U. diantliay Eoem. et Sch. (non A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 21) ; Oliver, 
1. c. p. 176, cum syn. sea., scil. : Wight, Icon. t. 1569. U. biflora, 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 43. Z7. Boxhwrghii, Spr. Syst. i. p. 52. U, elegans. 
Wall. Cat. 1502. U, pterosperma, Edgevr. in Proc. Lin. Soc. i. 352. — 
c.p. 2828. 

Hab. Not uncommon in wet paddy-fields. 

3. U. csemlea, Linn. Herb, (non A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 19) ; Oliver, 
1. c. p. 179, cum ^m., scil. : Z7. pedicellata, Wight, Icon. t. 1578. 
f. 2. U, conferta, Wight, Icon. t. 1575. U, squamosa, Wight, Icon. 
t. 1579. U, uli^inoides, Wight, Icon. 1. 1573.— c.p. 278 (2086). 

Var. ^. affinu; scapo roDustiore, floribus minoribus, calyce fruc- 
ttfero latiore.— CT. affinis, Wight, Icon. t. 1580. f. 1 ; Oliver, 1. c. p. 178. 
U. hrachypoda, Wight, Icon. t. 1578. f. 1. — c.p. 3308. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 

4. U. reticulata, Linn. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 19, cum syn. ; Wight, 
lUust. ii t. 143; Oliver, I.e. p. 180, cum syn. seq.) — U, spiricaulis, 
Miq. PL. Hohen. 574.--C.P. 2090 (2091). 

var. fi, stricticauUs ; scapo firmo, breviore. — Oliver, I.e. cum syn. 
seq., scil. : Z7. ccerulea, var. siricticaulis, Keen, in Hb. Brit. Mus. U. 
uUginosa, Vahl, En. PI. i. 203. U. humilis, Heyne, Wall. Cat. 1495. 
U.pohjgaloides, Edgew. 1. c. p. 351. — c.p. 2088. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Nil- 
monerasse.*' 

5. v. bifida, Linn. Herb. ; Oliver, 1. c. p. 182, cum syn. seq., scil. : 
TJ. hiflora^y Wall. Cat. 1498. U, antirrkinoides, ejusd. 1498 b, U. 
diantha, A. DC. 1. c. p. 21. U. Wallichiana, Benj. Bot. Zeit. 1845, 
213. U, humilis, Wight, Icon. t. 1572. f. 2 (P Vahl.)— c.p. 2087. 

Var. ^. Wallichiana ; pedicellis longioribus ; lobis cah/cinis acutis. 
— U. Wallichiana, Wight, Icon. 1. 1572. f. 1 ; Oliver, 1. c. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, common. 

In my specimens of this plant, varr. a and fi appear to merge insensibly into one 
another. 

6. v. capillacea, Wight, Herb. ; Wall. Cat. 6399 ; Oliver, 1. c. p. 
184.— c.p. 3307. 

Hab. Near Colombo, Mr, W. Ferguson, Negumbo. 

Corolla purpurea ; lalio inferiore 3-lobato, lobis lateralibos multo minoribus om- 
nibus apice rotundatis ; calcare lineari-conico, longiore, porrecto. Lobi ealycis 
fructiferi subsequales, orbiculares. 



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172 ENITMEBATIOK OF IM^unooeiB. 

7. U. racemosEi Wall. Cat. 1496; Wight, Icon. 1854, f. 1; Oliver, 
1. c. p. IS6.—U. ccerulea, A. DC. 1. c. p. 19. An TJ.filicaulis, Wall. 
Cat. 1501 ; OHver, 1. c. p. 186.— c.p. 2085. 

Var. p. rosea ; scapo robustiore ; corolla labio inferiore majore et 
calcar obtusiasculiun seqnanto vel superante. — U, rosea, Edgw. 1. c. 
p. 352 ; Oliver, 1. c. p. 184.— c.p. 277. 

Hab. Var. a. Warmer parts of the island. Var. p. At an elevation 
of 5000 to 6000 feet. 

The points of difference between vorr. a and iS are so unimportant that I feel 
qnite satisfied tliat they are merely forms of one species. The cdour of the corolla 
varies from a rather deep reddish-pnrple to nearly white : the f owers of var. a are 
most frequently pale in colonr. 

8. U. orbicnUta, Wall. Cat. 1500; OHver, I.e. p. 1%1 ,--U, ghchu 
diata, Wight, Icon. 1. 1581.— c.p. 2085, 3350. 

Hab. Common on wet rocks and mossy trunks of trees in the Cen- 
tral Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

XCII. PEIMULACE^. 

1. LYSIMACniA, Linn. 

1. Ii. ramosa, Wall. Cat. 1490 ; Daby in DC. Prod. viii. p. 65.— i. 
alata, Gardner, MS. — c.p. 1896. 

Hab. Central Province, in shady places, at an elevation of 6000 to 
8000 feet. 

Glabra, 2-4-pedalis. CauUs erectus, alatus, ramosns. Folia li-6 poll, longa, 
\-\\ lata, in peiiolum brevem angustata. Pedunculi sesquipollicares. Calycis 
lacinise (acomine 1 lin.) 3 lin. longae. Corolla pallide lutea. Capsula 5 -yams, 
calyce snbsequilonga. Semina triangularia, minnte maricata. 

2. Ii. Japonica, Thunb. Fl. Japon. 83. t. 16.— i. deltoidea, Wight, 
lUus. ii. p. 137. t. 144. L. umhrosa, Gardner, MS. — c.p. 1895. 

Hab. Wewera EUia and Maturatte, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 
feet. 

2. AITAGAT.LIS, Tonm.' 

1. A. arvensis, Linn. — Var. ^ ccBrulea, — c.p. 3131. 
Hab. Oova District (possibly introduced). 



XCIII. MTESINACE^. 
1. MiESSA, Forsk. 

1. M. Zndica, A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 80, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 1206.— c.p. 1799. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
*' Matabimbeya-gass." 

2. EMBELIA, Burm. 

1. B. Ubes, Burm. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 85.)— c.p. 1800. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Wel- 
ambilla." 



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3fyr3inaco(B.'] cbylon plakts. 173 

2. B. robnsta, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 287 ; A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 86.— 
^. Tsjeriam CoUam, Wight, Icon. t. 12(^. Basaal, Eheede, Horfc. 
Mai. V. p. 23. t. 12. An Tsjeriam CoUam, Eheede, 1. c. p. 21. t. 11 P 
— c.p. 1804. 

Hab. Komegalle and Batticaloa Districts. 

3. SAM A B. A, Linn. Herb. 
Choripetalumy A. DC. 

1. 8. viridiflora, Thw.— iS. Bheedei, Wight, Icon. t. 1691. ChoH- 
petalum viridiflorvm, A. DO. Prod. viii. p. 88. Fu Walli, Eheede, 
Hort. Mai. vii. p. 79. t. 42. An C, aurantiacum, A. DC. 1. c. var. P — 
c.p. 610 (741). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Flores polygamo-dioici. Masc. Filamenia petalis mnltam lougiora. Ovarii 
rudimentum parvam, stylo brevissimo. Fcem. Ovarium 8-oyulatam. 

4. MYBSIinS, Linn. 

1. M. capiteUata, WaU. in Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 296 ; A. DC. Prod, 
viii. p. 94. An M, lucida. Wall. ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 95 P— c.p. 1806 (2599). 

Tar. i3. parvifolia, A. DC. 1. c, et var. y grandiflora, A. DC. 1. c. ; 
Wight, Icon. t. 1211. An M. umbellata, A. DC. 1. c.P— c.p. 623, 
3009, 2598. 

Yar. 8. sessilijlora ; Jlorihua sessilibus rel subsessilibus. — ^An M, 
Torteriana, Wall. List, 6525 ; A. DC. 1. c.P— c.p. 285. 

Hab. Central Province, very abundant up to an elevation of 8000 
feet. 

So variable is this plant as regards tbe shape and size of the leaves and length of 
the flower-pedicels, that some of its forms might well pass for distinct species, but 
that intermediate ones occur rendering it impossible to separate them. Some of my 
specimens have leaves varying from f to Ii inch in length, whilst other specimens 
have them reaching to 7 inches, with a corresponding width ; the former occurring 
npon the tops of the highest hills, and the latter in damp rich forests. 

5. ABDISIA, Linn. 

1. A. paniciaata, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 270; A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 126. 
— A. Missionisy var. p vertidllata, A. DC. 1. c. p. 130. A, Courial- 
letisis, Wight, Icon. 1. 1216.— c.p. 1802. 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

2. A. humilis, Vahl, Symb. iii. p. 40 ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 129 (in parte). 
— IHnus humilis, Burm. il. Zeyl. p. 222. 1. 103.— c.p. 2829. 

Hab. Near the seashore, Galee District, common. Nom. vulg. 
" Loonoo-dang-gass." 

Frutex 1-6-pedalis. Folia ad apices ramulomm compressorum aggregata. Pani- 
cula terminales. Drupa rubree. 

Well distinguished from the next species, with which it has been confounded, by 
its leaves dustered at the ends of the branchlets, its terminal panicles, and bright- 
red fruit. 



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174 BKUMBBATION OF \^8apotaee<s, 

3. A. eDiptlea, Thonb. noy. gen. pars 8. Upsal, 1795, ex Ecsm. et 
Sch. Syst. iv. p. 617 ; A. DC. 1 c^. 138.— X tmbellata, Boxb. M. 
Ind. ii. p. 273. A. pohfce^hala, WaU. ; Wight, Illust. t. 145.— c.p. 
1803. 

Var. p, solanacea; omnino major. — A, »olan€teea, Boxb. PI. Cor. i. 
t. 27. A. humilis, Wight, Icon. 1. 1212 ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 129 (in parte). 

Hab. Var. a. Not nncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 
Yar. 0. In gardens, and I have neyer found it in a wild state. !Nom. 
vnlg. " Balloo-dang." 

Eaeem axillares terminalesqae, umbellsformes, peduneulo rarias ramoso. 

4. A. panciflora, Heyne, (Wall, in Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 279 ; A. DC. 
1. cj). 127; Wight, Icon. t. 1214.)— o.p. 15 (28. 36). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 
In all my specimens the pedicels are smooth, or, when young, ferrugineo- 
squamulose, and not pilose, as represented in Dr. Wight's figure. 

5. A. diTer^ens, Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 275 ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 130, cum 

syn.— c.p. 376 (740). 

Var. i3 ; foliis sinuato-denticulatis. — An A, crispa, var. ^, A. DC. 
1. c. 134, cum syn. P 

Hab. Not uncommon in damp forests, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. 

Fruiex erectns, 3-6-pedalis. Tolia memhranacea, venosa, ad marginem cre- 
herrime tubercolato-glandulosa, 3-6 poll, longa, 1-8 poU. lata. Flores roseo-pnr- 
purei. Drupte mbrae, 3-4 lin. in diam. 

6. A. l^aUichii, A. DC. 1. c. p. 137, cum syn.— c.p. 2667. 

Hab. Caltura, Moon. Damp shady forests in the Saffragam Dis- 
trict. 

Sufrutex humilis, i-2-pedalis, partibns jnnioribus fermgineo-lepidotis. Folia 
oblonga vel obovata, abmpte obtuse acuminata, crenulata, venosa, basi angustata, 
nigro-viridia, subtus mfescentia, 4-8 poU. longa, 1^-3 poll. lata. Bacemi rubri, 
terminales axiUaresque, ssepius mnltiflori simplicesque, foUo breviores. Pedunculi 
angulares. Fedicelli sparsi, sursum incrassati, reflexi, flore subduplo longiores. 
Corolla rosea, laciniis 4 lin. longis. Anthera flavse. Drume mbrse, 4 lin. in diam. 

XCIV. ^GICEEACE^. 

1. .ffiGICEBAS, Gsertn. 

1. JE. majus, G«rtn. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 142, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. ii. p. 141. t. 146.)— c.p. 1796 (1805). 
Hab. Not uncommon on the coast. 



XCV. SAPOTACKS:. 
1. CHBYSOPHYLLUM, Linn. 

1. O. Rozbnrshii, G. Don, (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 162.)— C acumi- 
natum, Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 345.— c.p. 2689. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. "Lawooloo-gass." 



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Sapotacea,'] cbtlon plants. 176 

Folia oblonga, abnipte rottreto-acomioata, 8-7 poll. loDga, i-2 poll, lata ; petiolo 
3 lin. longo. Nuculania obscure pentagona, ferrugineo-tomentosa, denique glabra. 
Semina 8 lin. longa, 4 lin. lata. 

The ripe froit is eaten by tbe Cinghalese: tbe timber is used for building 
purposes. 

2. aA^POTA, Hum. 

1. 8. elengroides, A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 176 ; Wight, Icon. t. 1218.— 
c.p. 1796. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. MIMUSOPS, Linn. 

1. M. Blengriy Linn. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 202, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Icon. 1. 1686.)— c.p. 1794. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Moonemal-gass." 
The timber used for building, etc. 

2. M. Zndica, A. DC. 1. c. p. 205, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1587.— 
C.P. 1793. 

Hab. Yery abundant in tho hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. " Paloo-gass." 

The timber of this valuable tree is extremely hard and strong, and very durable. 

4 BASSLA, Zoenig. 

Cahfx 4-partitus. Corolla 6-12-loba. Anther a subsessiles, 2-3- 
seriales. 

1. B. lonirifolia, Linn. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 197, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Dlust. ii. 1. 147.)— c.p. 1797. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island, especially in native 
gardens. Nom. vulg. " Mee-gass." 

The oil of the seeds, under the name of " Mee-tel," is used by the Cinghalese 
medicinally, and, when ^resh, for cooking. The wood is valuable for building 
purposes. 

5. DASYAULUS, Thw. (gen. nov.). 

Calyx 4-partitus. Corolla 6- yel 8-loba. Anthera corolke lobis duplo 
ntunerosiores, subsessiles, l-seriales, apice subulato-acimiinat». Cete- 
roquin ut in JBassia. 

1. D. neriifolins, Thw. (Bassianeriifblia, Moon's Cat. p. 36) ;foliis 
glabris, anguste oblongo-lanceolatis, obtusis, basi in petiolum brevem 
angustatis. — c.p. 235. 

Hab. Common on the banks of rivers and streams in the warmer 
parts of the island. Nom. vulg. ** Gttng-mee." 

Arbor mediocris. FoUa 8-8 polL longa, 6-12 hn. lata. Fasciculi 2-6-flori, 
versus apices ramulomm conferti. Fedicelli glabri, sesquipollicares. Calyx 4 lin. 
longus, lobis interioribus dorso sericeo-strigosis. Corolla ad medium 6-partita. 
Ovarium 6-loculare. Nuculania oblonga, acuta, 1-sperma, li poll, longa. Semina 
albuminosa. 

2. D. mierophylliuii Thw.— -^a^^'a microphylla, Hook. Ic. i. t. 74. 



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176 BNUMBiuTioN OF [Sapotocea. 

B, parvifolia, A. DC. 1. c. p. 198. — c.p. 2648 ; foliis majoiibus, c.f. 
2830. 

Hab. South of the island, not cbmmon. 

Corolla 6-loba, rarins 6-loba. 

My specimens, numbered c.p. 2880, were collected by Dr. Gardner near Oalle, 
and have leaves a good deal larger than is usnal in this species, but agree so well 
with it in other respects that I hesitate to separate them even as a distinct variety. 

3. D. Mooniiy Thw. ; ramulis juniorihus {ulvo-tomentosis ; foliis 

Elabris, oblongis, obtuse acuminatis vel retusis, basi subacutis, petio- 
itis ; pedicellis petiolo subsBquilongis. — c.p. 3434. 
Hab. Oaltura, Moon; near Eatnapoora. 

Folia 8-7 poll, longa, li-8 poll, lata; petiolo i-f poll, longo. Fasciculi 
2-5-flori. Corolla 6-loba. Nuculania oblonga, acuta, \\ poll, longa. Semina 
parce albuminosa. 

4. D. folTiiB, Thw. ; ramulis foliisane junioribus dense fujgaci-fulyo- 
tomentosis ; foliis obovato-oblong^, abrupte brevi-acuminatS, basi an- 
gustatis, petiolatis ; jpedicellis petiolo subduplo longioribus. — c.p. 3446. 

Hab. Hewessee, in the Pasdoon Corle. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 4-7 poll, longa, li-8 poU. lata, petiolo f poll, longo. 
Fasciculi 6-8-florL Calyx 8-4 lin. longns. Ovarium 6-locnhure. 

To the present genus is to be referred Isonandra polyandra, Wight, Ic. t. 1589. 

6. DICnOPSIS, Thw. (gen. nov.). 

Cahfx 6-partitu8, lobis 2-serialibu8. Corolla 6-loba. Stamina 12, 
omnia fertina. Filamenta brevia, l-serialia, altema longiora (corollsD 
lobis opposita) antheras subextrorsas, hreviora (vix uUa) subintrorsas 
gerentia. Antherce apice divaricato-bicomes. OvaHum 6-loculare. 

Crenus notabile, quoad stamina breviora I>asyaulo, longiora IsO' 
nandra approzimans. 

1. D. petiolaris, Thw.— C.P. 3012. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, and the Hinidoon and Eeigam Corles. 

Arbor magna. Folia glabra, ovata, subabmpte brevi acuminata, basi acuta, 8-5 
poll, longa, li-3 poll, lata ; petiolo l-li poll, longo. Fasciculi 2-5-flori, axillares, 
ad apices ramulorum conferti, fnlvo-tomentosi. Pedicelli petiolo subsequilongi. 
Calyx 4 lin. longus. Corolla albida, 7 lin. longa, tubo interne pilosa. Nttculania 
subsphserica, l-sperma, li poll, in diam. 

7. ISONANDBA, Wight. 

Calyx corollse lobis isomerus; stamina iisdem duplo numerosiora. 
Filamenta coroUsB tubo subsequilonga. Anthera extrorssB, apice acu- 
minates. Nuculania camosa. 

Sect. 1. Calyx 6-partitus, 

1. Z. gmadiu, Thw.; foliis glabris (junioribus cano-sericeis) obovatis, 
obtusis, abrupte brevi-acuminatis vel rotundatis, basi cuneatis, subtus 
prominentim venosis, petiolatis ; pedicellis petiolo subsequilongis. — c.p. 
619 (2507) ; foliis minoribus, c.p. 2402. 

Hab. Central Province and Sa£&agam District, at an elevation of 
3000 to 6000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Meeria-gass." 



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SapotacecB,] cbtlon plants. 177 

Jrbor ingens. Folia 2-10 poll, longa, 1-6 poll, lata, petiolo \~\ poll, longo, 
supeme piano. Fasciculi 4-6-flori, ad apices ramuloram conferti, adpresse falvo> 
pilosi. Calyx 3-4 lin. longos. Corolla albida, calyce subdaplo longior. Ovarium 
6-loculare. Nuculania ovoidea, nigro-purpurea, sesquipollicaria. Semina exalbu- 
minosa. 

An oil is extracted from tbe seeds of tbis tree, wbicb is used in tbe same way as 
tbat from tbe Bassia longifolia. 

2. X. rubi^osa, Thw. ; foliis coriaceis, ellipticis, obovatis vel obo- 
vato-oblongis, apice subacutis vel rotundatis, basi angustatis, subtus 
dense rubiginoso-pilosis, petiolatis; pedicellis petiolo sequilongis vel 
2-3-plo longioribus. — c.p. 394, 3447. 

HIb. Saffiragam District and Hinidoon Corle, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

Arbor ingens. Folia 2J-7 poU. longa, li-3 poll, lata, petiolo \-\ poll, longo, 
supeme convexo. Fasciculi 6-l6-flori, adpresse rubiginoso-pilosi. Calyx 4 Sn. 
longns. Ovarium 6-loculare. Nuculania ovoidea. 

3. X. caaaliculata, TLw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, 
basi rotnndatis vel subacutis, supeme ad costam (cum petiolo longius- 
culo) canaliculatis ; pedicellis petiolo aequilongia vel dimidio longiori- 
bus.— c.p. 3473 (3436). 

Hab. Caltura District. 

jirbor mediocris. Folia 3-11 poll, longa, li-4i poll, lata, petiolo 1-1 J poll, 
longo. Fasciculi 4-6-flori, adpresse fulvo-pilosi. Calyx 4i lin. longos. Ovarium 
6-locnlare. Nuculania ovoidea. 

4. X. panciflora, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, basi 
acutis, supeme ad costam (cum petiolo longiusculo) canaliculatis ; fc^- 
cioulis ad apices ramulorum paucis, 2-3-floris ; pedicellis brevissimis, 
ovario 3-4-loculari ; nuculaniis oblongis. — c.p. 2680. 

Hab. Near E^tnapoora, at no great elevation. 

jirbor mediocris. Folia 3-8 poll, longa, 1-3 poU. lata, petiolo i-1 poll, longo. 
Calyx li lin. longns. 

5. X. Uerifolia, Thw. ; ramulis cum petiolis fctsciculisqiie adpresse 
fusco-pilosis ; foliis glabris, utrinque IsDvibus nitidisque, oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, obtusis, basi in petiolum brevem, supeme convexum, angus- 
tatis ; pedicellis petiolo SBquilongis, vel parum longioribus ; rmculaniis 
oblongis, acutis. — c.p. 2832. 

Hab. SafiTragam District and Eeigam Corle, at no great elevation. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. 
Fasciculi 4-6-flori, axillares, ad apicem ramulorum solitarii vel bini. Calyx li fin. 
longus. Anthera apice pilosce. Ovarium 6-loculare. 

Sect. 2. Calyx ^-partitus. 

6. X. l^ini^htiana, A. DC. 1. c. p. 187, cum syn. — J. Perottetiana, 
A. DC. 1. c. n. 188 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1219. I. Candolleana, Wight, Ic. t. 
1220. An / lanceolata, Wight, Ic. t. 369 P— c.p. 46 (47, 192, 2411). 

Var. p, angwstata ; foliis lanceolatis, ab infra-medio versus apicem 
angustatis, subtus (ut in var. a) delicatule subparallelim venulosis. — 
C.P. 179 (191). 

Var. y, montana; foliis subcoriaceis, obovatis, apice rotundatis vel 
obscure brevi-acuminatis, subtus plus prominentim parceque venosis 
quam in varr. a et ^. — c.p. 3092. 

Hab. Var. a. Extremely abundant at an elevation of 2000 to 5000 



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178 BHUMBiuTioir OF l^benocea. 

feet. Var. /3. Near Ghdagama, Oardner, Var. y, Newera Ellia, !Nom. 
yulg. " Kiriwarala-gass." 

Jrbor mediooris. Folia glabra (janiora plus minos pUosa), lanceolata, oboTato- 
lanoeolata, obovata vel sabortneiilaria, plus mintis abrupte breyeque acaniiuata, 1-5 
poll, longa, 4 lin. 2i poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Pedicelli brevissuni vel 
•uboulli. Ovarium seepissime 4-localare. Nuculania oblonga, l-2-8perma, ooeoieea, 
6 lin. longa. Semina castanea, uitida, albnmiuosa. 

I was at one time disposed to regard some of the forms of this most variable 
plant as distinct, but farther observation and the examination of a large unmber of 
specimens, satisfy me that they all belong to one species. I have little doubt, too, 
that Br. Wight's Is. lanceolata is a form of the present plant, for I have examples 
of it extremely like his figure. 



XCVI. EBENACE^ 

1. DIOSPYBOS, Dal., lann. 

t Floret pedunculati. 

% Flob. masc. Corolla brepiuseula, campanulata vel urceolata ; staminibus inter 
se subaquilongit, 

1. D. Bmbryopteris, Pers. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 235, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Icon. tt. .843, 844.)--c.p. 1916. 

var. p. atrata; foliis membranaceis, gemmis, pedunculis calyceq}ie 
ni^-pilosis.— c.p. 2731. 

var. y. nervosa; foliis brevioribus, coriaceis, utrinque valde promi- 
nentim venosis, basi rotundatis ; gemmis, pedunculis calyceque mgro- 
pilosis ; lobis cahfds fmcttferi erectis. — c.p, 1910. 

Hab. Var. a. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 
Var. ^. Less common, but generally distributed. Var. y. In damp 
forests towards the south of the island. Nom. vulg. " Timberee-gaas. * 

Though disposed at one time to regard the three well-marked varieties of this 
plant as distinct species, I now find it impossible, after a most careful examination, 
to discover any distinctive characters of sufficient importance to justify my separating 
them otherwise than as varieties. The black colour of the pubescence upon the 
gemmee and inflorescence of varr. iS and 7, gives them a different aspect from that 
of var. a, but black hairs are frequently intermixed with the pale pubescence of the 
latter, especially upon the gemmse. In all the specimens I have examined, the ovaiy 
has been 8-celled. 

The timber of thid tree is used for buildings : the juice of the unripe fruit is em- 
ployed for paying the seams of fisMng-boats, and for putting upon their cordage and 
lines. 

2. D. cordifolia, Eoxb. (PL Cor. i. p. 38. t. 50; A. DC. l.c. p. 230, 
cum syn.)— 2>. tnontana, Wight, Ic. 1. 1225 (non Eoxb.). — c.p. 1909. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner, 

I have not seen the female flowers of this species, so am unable to ascertain 
whether they have four sterile stamens, as shown in Dr. Wight's figure, or a greater 
number, as represented in Roxburgh's; but it is probable, judging from other 
species, that the number of these organs is not very constant. The albumen of the 
seeds is not ruminate. 

3. D. Bylvatica, Eoxb. (Eoxb. PI. Cor. i. p. 38. t. 47 ; A. DC. 1. 0. p. 
231, cum syn.)— c.p. 2729. 

Hab. Damp forests in the Hantani District and near Eatnapoora, up 



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JSbenacea.'] cetlok pi.ant8. 179 

to an elevftdon of 4000 feet. Nom. Tulg. ** Soodoo-Kadoombaireya- 
gass." 

Tota plaota siccitate nigrescens. Ovarium 6- vel 8-localare. Nuculania sphserica, 
8 lin. in diam. Semina obloDga, 6 lin. longa, 4 lin. lata, albumine mminato. 

4. D. Toposia, Ham. (A. DO. 1. c. p. 237, cum syn.)— -2). racemosa, 
Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 636; Wight, Ic. t. 416.--C.P. 1911. 

Hab. Not uncommon in damp forests, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Xahakaala-gass." 

This agrees so well with Hamilton's description of his plant, except that he men- 
tions the corolla as being five-lobed, that 1 cannot doubt their identity, and it cer- 
tainly must be the one represented in Dr. Wight's figure, copied from Roxburgh's 
drawing. The inflorescence, however, is by no means racemose, but distributed over 
the lower leafless portion of the ramulus, and in the axils of » few of its lowest 
leaves. The female flowers are solitary, and the males in three-flowered cymes. In 
species of this genus, where the inflorescence is more apparently racemose, as in 
A £m6ryopteris, it is not truly so, for the terminal flower being the first to expand, 
the inflorescence is really a modified cyme. 

iX Flok. masc. Corolla longiiuctUa, hypoerateryvrmi ; itaminibtu 'inter sevalde 

inafiuilongis. 

5. 1>. cmmena t a, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, abrupte acuminatis, 
obtusis, basi rotundiatis vel parum angustatis. Masc. Cymis 3~o-floris, 
eemuis, pilosis, petiole subsequilongis ; calyce obscure 4-aentato. Flob. 
F(BM. soutanis, majuscxdis, eemuis ; calyce utrinque piloso, ad medium 
4-lobo, inter lobos marsupio-dilatato ; loots rotundatis, apiculatis ; ovario 
8-loculari ; nuculanns subsphffiricis 6-8-spermis.— c.p. 2488. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Jrdor ingens. Bamuli glabri. Folia 2-5 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata, siccitate 
fuscescentia, petiolo 8-4 lin. longo. Flor. masc. Calyx 2 lin. longus. Corolla 
5 lin. longa. Stamina drdter 12. Flor. tcbm. Calyx 4 lin. longus. Corolla calyce 
parum longior. Stamina Her, circiter 12. Nuculania 1^-2 poU. in diam., demum 
glabra, calyce aucto tetragono suffhlta. Semina nigra, nitida, 1 poll, longa, i poll, 
lata, albumine mminato. 

6. ]>. affinis, Thw. ; foliis glabris, subcoriaceis, prominentim reticu- 
lato-venosis, oblongis, plus mmus acuminatis, obtusis, basi acutis vel 
subrotundatis. Masc. Cymis 3-7-floris, eemuis, pilosulis, petiolo 
parum longioribus; calyce breve 4-dentato. Flob. fceh. soCtariis, 
majusculis, eemuis, pedunculo subsequilongis ; calyce interne piloso, 
exteme subglabro, ad medium 4-lobo, inter lobos marsupio-dilatato; 
lohis longiuscule acn^iinatis; ovario 6-loculari; nuoulanUs spbsericis, 
apiculatis, s»pissime 4-spermis. — c.p. 2924. 

Hab. Ooma Oya, on the lower road from Xandy to Badulla. 

Ardor mediocris. Bamuli subglabri. Oemma pilosse. Folia li-4i poll, longa, 
6-16 lin. lata, siccitate nigrescentia, petiolo 8-5 lin. longo. Flor. masc. Calyx 
li lin. longus. Corolla 4 lin. longa. Stamina circiter 9. Flor. F(BM. Calyx 5 
lin. longus. Nuculania pollicaria, denique gUbra. Semina 6-7 lin. longa, 4 Un. 
lata, albumine mminato. 

Al^ough very closely allied to the precedmg species, 1 think it may be considered 
distinct. The timber of both species is suitable for building purposes. 

7. D. quaesita, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, abrupte acuminatis, 
obtusis, basi parum angustatis, prominentim reticulato-venulosis, su- 
peme ad costam cum petiolo canaliculatis. Masc. Cymis 3-7-floris, 
eemuis, pilosis, petiolo subtequilongis ; calyce breve 6-dentato. Flob. 



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180 BNUMEBATION OF \_Ehenacea. 

F(EM. solitariis, calyce ad medium 5-lobo, inter lobos marsupio-dila- 
tato ; lohis acutiusculis ; nuculaniis subsphsericis. — c.P. 3010. 

Hab. Singheraiah and other forests between Eatnapoora and Gralle. 
Nom. VTilg. ** Kaloomidereya-gass.*' 

Arbor, ingens. Bamuli glabri. Folia 3-7 poll, longa, 1^-3 poll, lata, siccitate 
fusco-oigrescentia, petiolo 3-7 I'm. longo. Nuculania (immatora) bipollicaria. 

This species prodaces the most vidaable of the timber known as Calamander- 
wood, so mnch esteemed for ornamental cabinet-work. I regret that my specimens 
are too imperfect to allow of my giving so full a description as would be desirable of 
this interesting plant, which is nearly allied to B. erumenata^ but its larger leaves 
and fmit, and its pentamerous flowers, well distinguish it. 

8. D. Ebenum, Eetz, (A. DC. 1. c. p. 234, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon, 
t. 188.)— C.P. 1912 (1913, 2437, 2439). 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 5000 feeC. Nom. vulg. 
* * Kaloowara-gass. ' ' 

Arbor ingens. Folia membranacea vel parum coriacea, brevi-acnminaita, rarios 
retusa, 2-7 poll, longa, 1^2^ poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Ovarium 8-loculare. 
Semina albnmine non ruminato. 

This tree yields the best kind of Ebony-wood. 

Dr. "Wight's figure, copied from Roxburgh's drawing, is not characteristic of this 
species as it commonly occurs here, the lobes of the corolla being represented too 
large, and the leaves without the usual somewhat abrupt obtuse acumination. 

9. D. oocarpa, Thw. ; foliis glabris, membranaceis, ovatis vel ellip- 
ticis, obtuse acuminatis, basi rotundatis vel parum angustatis, incon- 
spicue venosis. Inflob. masc. racemoidea, pilosula; pedunculo 3-6- 
noro, petiolum aequantevel hveyiove \pedicellis brevissimis; calyce sub- 
integro vel obscure 3-4-dentato. Flob. fcem. 1-3-nis ; ovario 6- vel 
8-loculari ; nuculaniis ovoideis, rugulosis, saepissime 6-spermis, calyce 
vix aucto suffultis. — c.P. 1914. 

Hab. Komegalle District, and at Haragam, near Blandy, at no great 
elevation. Nom. vulg. " Kaloo-kadoombaireya-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Famuli Juniores minute pilosuli. Folia 2-4 poll, longa, 
l|-2^ poll, lata, petiolo 3-4 lin. longo. Flor. masc. Caly:v 2 lin. lougus. Corolla 
5 lin. longa. Stamina circiter 12. Flor. pcem. quam masc. vix m^ores. Nu- 
culania (immatura) pollicaria. Semina albumine non ruminato. 

tt Flores sessiles vel subsessiles. 
i Flor. maso. Staminibus indefinitis, inter se valde imequUongis, 

10. D. insignia, Thw. ; foliis suboppositis vel altemis, maiusculis, 
membranaceis, glabris, oblongis, acummatis, parallelim delicatule venu- 
losis, basi angustatis vel rotundatis. Masc. Capitulis multifloris; 
calyce ad medium 4-partito ; lohis acutis. Floe. f(em. 1-2-nis ; ovario 
8-loculari ; ntieulaniis subsphaericis, minute depresso-areolatis, calyce 
aucto, crasso, lignoso et tota margine quasi late reflexa suffultis. — c.P. 
2730, 3477. 

Hab. Damp forests, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Grona-gass." 

Arbor ingens. Bamuli juniores pilosuli. Folia 4-14 poll, longa, 1^-6 poll, lata, 
siccitate fuscescentia, petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Flor. masc Calyx 1^ lin. longus. 
Corolla 4 lin. longa. Stamina circiter 20. Flor. fcem. Nuimlania sesc(mpo\\icana. 
Semina 11 lin. longa, 6 lin. lata, albumine ruminato. 

A valuable timb^-tree. 



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JE!benac€(B,'] CEtLON plants. 181 

11. D. oppositifolia, Thw. ; foliis oppositis, glabris (junioribus pilo- 
sulis), firmis, ovatis vel ellipticis, abrupte brevi-acuminatis, obtusis, 
basi rotmidatis, obscure parallelim venulosis, brevi-petiolatis. — c.p. 
3011. 

Hii. Hinidoon Corle, up to an elevation of 1000 feet. Nom. locale 
" Kaloomidereya-gass." 

Arhor mediocris. Tolia 2-6 poll. longa, 1^3 poll, lata, siccitate fuscescentia, 
peiiolo 1-2 lin. longo. Masc. Capitula (in meis specim.) paaciflora. Calyx 1 lin. 
longns, fere ad mediam 4-lobus, lobis acatis. Corolla teaois, circiter 3 lin. longa. 
Stamina circiter 8. Flor. fcem. adhuc ignoti. 

The timber of this tree very much resembles the true Calamander-wood. 

12. D. Qardneriy Thw. ; foliis membranaceis, glabris, nitidis, incon- 
spicue venosis, oblongis, acuminatis, basi parum angustatis, petiolatis ; 

fiorihus brevissime pedicellatis, pilosis; calyce ad medium 4-partito; 
lohis triangularibus, acutis ; corolla tubo parum inflato ; ovario 8-locu- 
lari ; nueulaniis depresso-spbsericis, apiculatis, fulvo-pilosis, denique 
glabris, nitidis, ad dimidium inferius calyce valde aucto obtectis. — c.p. 
1908. 

Hab. Saffragam and KomegaUe Districts, and, less commonly, near 
Kandy. Nom. vulg. " Kadoombaireya-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Ramuli tcretes, glabri. Gemma fusco-pilosae. Folia 3-7 poll, 
longa, 1^-2 poll, lata, siccitate nigresceatia ; petiolo 3-4 lin. longo. Flor. masc. 
1-4-ni. Calyx 2 lin. longus. Corolla 5 lin. longa. Stamina circiter 12, filamentis 
pilosis. Flor. fcem. solitariis, erectis. Calyx ^\ lin. longus, lobis recurvatis, 
margine reflexis. Nuculania (immatiira) poUicaria. 

The timber of this tree is valuable for building and for cabinet-work. 

XX Flor. masc. Staminibtcs indefinifis, inter se subaquUongis. 

13. ». ovalifoUa, Wight, Ic. t. 1227.— c.p. 1815, 2533. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner. Central Province, at Hewahette and below 
HapooteUe, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 14-6 poll, longa, \-2 poU. lata, siccitate fulvescentia, 
petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Floras 4- vel 5-meri. Masc Stamina 15-20. Ovarii 
rudimentum parvum, conicum. F(EM. Capitula 3-6-flora. Stamina sterilia 1-7. 
Ovarium 4- vel 6-loculare. Stigma 2-3-lobum, lobis reniformibus. Nuculania 
glabra, sphfierica, glanca, 8 lin. in diam., scepissime 1 -sperma. Semina subsphrerica, 
albumine non ruminato. 

14. D. CandoUeana, Wight, Ic. tt. 1221, 1222.— C.P. 3394. 

Hab. Saffragam District and Hinidoon Corle. Nom. vulg. "Ho- 
medereya-gass. * 

Arbor mediocris, ramulis, foliis junioribus inJhrescentiaqQG ferrugineo-tomen- 
tosis. Folia sajpius louge acuminata, siccitate fidvescentia. Masc. Stamina 10-12. 
Fcem. Nuculania subsphserica, ferrugineo-pilosa, denique glabra, 7-8 lin. in diam., 
scepissime 4-sperma. Semina oblonga, nigrescentia, transverse striata, 5 lin. longa, 
21 lin. lata, albumine ruminato. 

Hi Staminibus tot quot lobi corolla. 

15. D. liir«uta, Linn. f. (Supp. p. 440 ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 223.)— 
C.P. 382. 

Hab. Forests in the Saffragam and Galle Districts. 

Arbor mediocris, ramulis^ foliis junioribus inforescentiaque ferrugineo-tomen- 



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182 ENUMXBATioir OF ISbenocea. 

tosis. Folia subcoriacea, etlipiica yd oblonga, plus nunns abmpte acaminBta, basi 
param angustata, subtos tomentosa, demam sobglabra, siccitate rufescentia, 8-8 poU. 
loDga, 1-8 poll, lata, petiolo tomeatoso, 3-4 lia. loogo. Masc. Capitula mnltiflora. 
Cafyx 1 Uq. longos, vix ad medium 5-partitu8. Corolla circiter 2 lin. longa. Ovar, 
rudim. parvnm. Flor. fcbm. 1-3-ni. Calyx craasns, 8 lin. longus, uHra medium 
5-partitu8; lobis triangularibus, acutis, margine reflexis. Corolla calyce pamm 
longior. Ovarium ssepissime 10-localare. Nuculania ovoidea, apiculata, fulvo- 
tomentosa, 9 lin. longa, 6-10-8perma, calyce aucto suffulta. Semina nigra, trans- 
verse striata, 7 lin. longa, 8 lin. lata, albumine mminato. 

Female flowers are occasionally intermixed in tbe male capitula, and in that case 
are mnch smaller than when occurring alone. I have not yet been able to ascertain 
whether these smaller female flowers produce perfect fruit, but one which I dissected 
had the o?ary only 6-celled. 

16. D. Moonii, Tliw. ; foUis coriaceis, oblongis, acuminatis, basi ro- 
tundatis, supeme glabris, costa petioloc[ae canaliculatis, subtos sparse 
pilosulis ; calyce fere ad medium 6-partito ; lohis triangularibus, acutis ; 
ovario 10-loculari ; nuculaniis sphfiBricis, subglabris. — c.p. 2833. 

Hab. Near Caltura, Moons Pasdoon Corle. 

Arbor mediocris. Eamuli teretes, pUosuli, cito glabri, cortice fisso, nigro- 
cinerascente. Folia 5-12 poll, longa, \\-4t poll. lata, petiolo 3 lin. longo. In- 
florescentia axillaris, et qnoque in aullis foliorum delapsorum, fulvo-pilosa. Masc. 
Capitula 6-10-flora. Calyx 2 lin. longus. Corolla eirciter 4 tin. longa. Flob. 
F(EM. 1-2-ni. Calyx crassus, 8 lin. longns, margine revolnto. Corolla calyce 
subsequilonga. Stigma obscure 5-lobum. Nuculania sesquipoUicaria, 6-10-sperma, 
calyce aucto snffulta. Semina oblonga, compressa^ transverse rugosa, nigrescentia, 
7 lin. longa, 4 lin. lata, albumine ruminate. 

17. D. acuta, Thw. ,* foliis coriaceis, glabris vel subtus sparsissime 
pilosis, oblongo-lanceolatis, acutis, basi rotundatis, inconspicue venosis, 
supeme costa petioloque canaliculatis ; calyce ultra medium 4-6-partito ; 
hois lanceolatis, acutis ; ovario 4f vel 6-loculari ; nuculaniis acuminatis, 
Sffipissime 2-3-spermis. — c.p. 3476. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle. 

Arbor mediocris. Bamuli teretes, pilosnli, cito glabri. Gemma adpresse fulvo- 
pilosse. Folia 5-12 poll, lon^ 1-3 poll, lata, siccitate subtus rufescentia, petiolo 
i-1 poU. longo. Injtorescentia adpresse fulvo-pilosa, aliquando monoica et tunc 
capituUs femineis versus apicem ramulorum, masculis infi*a. Masc. Capitula mul- 
tiflora. Calyx 2 lin. longus. Corolla circiter 4 lin. longa. Ovarii rudiment, 
minutissimum. Flob. tcbm. 1-4-ni. Calyx 4-5 tin. longus, lobis ad marginem 
plus minus reflexis. Corolla calyce subsequilonga. Stigmata 2-3, 1 tin. longa, 
spathutiformia. Nuculania sesquipoUicaria, calyce parum aucto suffulta. Semina 
castanea, nitida, oblonga, acuminata, polticaria, albumine non rumiuato. 

18. D. attenuata, Thw. ; Jhliis membranaceis, glabris vel sparsissime 

Eilosulis, oblongis, acuminatis, basi in petiolum brevem angustatis, cre- 
errime venulosis ; calyce ultra medium 4-6-partito ; lohis lanceolatis, 
acutis; ovario 4-loculari; muiulaniis oblongis, acuminatis, sa^pissime 
2-3-spermis. — c.p. 3478. 
Hab. Pasdoon Corle. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, ^1 poll, lata, siccitate paltide fusca, 
petiolo 1-2 tin. longo. Inflorescentia pilis testaceis, nigris intermixes, strigosa. 
Masc Capitula 3-10-flora. Calyx 1 lin. longus. Corolla circiter 2 lin. longa. 
Flob. fcbm. solitarii. Calyx 3>4 lin. longus, lobis ad marginem plus minus re- 
flexis. Corolla calyce parum longior. Stigmata 2, brevia, spathuliformia. Nucu- 
lania I-I7 poll, longa. Semina castanea, nitida, oblonga, acuminata, albumine non 
ruminato. 



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AqitjfoliaeeiB.I oxYLoir flakts. 183 



2. MACBEIGHTIA, A. DC. 

1. M. dUong^lia, Thw. ; foliis subcoriaceis, oblongis, acuminatis, 
basi rotundatis, subtus ad nervos cum petiolo brevi fdlvo-hispidis, 
denique glabris. Flob. fcbh. solitariis, breyi-pedunculatis ; calyce 
hupiao, 1^ basin 3-partito ; lohis acutis ; ovario -piloso, 6-loculari ; nu^ 
culaniis flubsphsricis, fulyo-tomentoBis, Sk6-spermis. — c.p. 3396. 

Hab. Near Sa.tnapoora, and in the Singnerajah and other forests 
between that place and Galle. 

jirdor parya. Hamuli jnniores valde hispidi. Folia 3-7 poll, longa, 1-2^ poU. 
lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. Nuculania pollicaria, calyce non aucto suffolta. Semina 
6 lin. longa, 4 Un. lata, nigrescentia, radicula cylindrica, cotyledoDibns oblongis 
dimidio longiore, albumine non rnminato. 

I have as yet only obtained specimens of this plant bearing ripe and unripe frnit, 
so am not quite certain that it is a true Macreightia, but it agrees with this genus 
in the characters my specimens exhibit. 

3. MABA, Forst. 

1. M. bnadfolia, Pers. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 240, cxim syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 763.)— c.p. 477. 

Var. 0. microphylla ; foliis parvidis. — c.p. 1916. 

Tar. y. JEbenus; foliis majoribus, membranaceis, parom acominatis 
vel retusis, scepe suborbiculatis. — M, Ehenus, Spr. ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 242, 
cum syn. M, Neilgherrensis, Wight, lo. tt. 1228, 1229.— -c.p. 3396. 
^Yar. b. cmgustifolia ; foliis lanceolatis vel lineari-lanceolatis, obtusis. 
— M. angusUfolia, Miq.— c.p. 1917. 

Hab. V arr. a. and /3. Hot, drier parts of the island. Var. y, Am- 
bagamowa District, and near £atnapoora. Yar. d. On the banks of 
rivers. Nom. vulg. " Kaloo-habaraleya-gass." 

I have devoted much time to the examination of the several very different-looking 
varieties of this plant, expecting to discover some sufficiently important constant 
characters to enaUe me to separate them specifically, bnt I find them so completely 
connected t<^ether by intermediate forms, that I have no hesitation in considering 
them all as representing only one very variable species : variable, it may truly be 
called, since the leaves in var. iS are sometimes not a quarter of an inch in length, 
whilst in var. 8 they reach to five inches in length. 

XCYII. AQXJIFOLIACEJE. 

1. ILEX, linn. 

t Flores tetrameri. 

1. X. dentfeolata, Wall. (Wight, Dlust. t. 142.)— c.p. 673. 
Hab. Bopatalawa Plains, at an elevation of 6000 feet. 

Arbor magna. Ramuli angulosi, minutissime puberuli, cito glabri, cinerasceutes. 
Folia subcoriacea, glabra, oblonga, abrnpte rostrato-acuminata, acute serrata, l-|-8i 
poll, longa, i-1^ poll, lata, siooitate fuscescentia, petiolo 2-8 lin. longo. Pedunculi 
sabnulli vel plus minus elongati. Fedicelli S-4 lin. longi, umbeUati vel ^arsi. 
Corolla 8|-4 Un. in exp. 

ft Flores pentameri. 

2. X. 'Wlffhtiana, Wall. (Wight, Ic. t. 1216.)— c.p. 2656, 3484. 



-f ! 



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184 BNUMBBATTON OF \_8ymploce<B. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of tHe island, up to an eleration of 
4000 feet. 

Folia 2-5 poll, longa, 1-2^ poll, lata, petiolo 8-4 lin. longo. Pedunculi ssepe 
elongati ramosiqne. Pedicelli ombellati, minntissiine pabernli. 

3. X. IValkerl, Wight et Grardn. MSS. ; foUis parvis, coriaceis, 
glabris, nitidis, integris vel rarius parce denticulatis, oblongis vel ro- 
tundatis, acutis vel retusis mucronidatisque, basi plus minus anguB- 
tatis ; umhellis sessilibus vel brevi-pedunculatis. — An L integra, 
Thunb. Fl. Jap. p. 77 ?— c.p. 298 (622, 647). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 fetet. 

Arbor parva. Eamuli angulod, dense foliosi. Folia 4-12 lin. longa, 2-7 lin. 
lata, petiolo \\-2 lin. longo, panun alato. Pedicelli drciter 1^ lin. longi. Florea 
parvoli, albidi. 

XCVIII. SYMPLOCILS:. 

1. SYMPLOCOS, Jacq. 

Sect. Ciponima, A. DC. 

Ovarium 2-loculare. 

1. 8. penduU, Wight, Ic. t. 1237 ; Walp. Ann. i. p. 600.— c.p. 504 
(556, 665). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet; 
abundant. 

Sect. JSopea, A. DC. 

t Folia secM ramulum fere ad batin disposita. 

2. 8. spicata, Roxb. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 264, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Illust. ii. t. 150, et var. P Zevlanica, A. DC. 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 473. 

Hab. Very abundant, var. a in more elevated situations, up to 
7000 feet. Var. /3 in the hotter, lower parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Bomboo-gass." 

3. 8. rufescens, Thw. ; arborea, glaberrima ; filiis oblongo-lanceo- 
latis, brevi-acuminatis, obtusis, inconspicue venosis, a medio &d apicem 
obscure crenidatis denticulatisque, basi acutis; racemis simplicibus, 
folio multo brevioribus ; Jlorious inferioribus pe^jicellatis ; bracteis 
bracteolisque parvis, glabris, margine ciliatis. — c.p. 8639 (473 partim). 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

Bamuli an^osi. Folia 1^^ poll, longa, J-l^ poll, lata, siccitate rufescentia ; 
petiolo 2-8 lin. longo. Braetea rotondatse, cito deciduse. Bracteola oblongse, 
calyce dimidio breviores, subpersistentes. Calyx glaber, lobis rotundatis, param 
acutis, margine ciliatis. 

Closely resembling var. fi of the preceding species, but apparently quite distinct. 
I have not seen the fruit of the present plant. 

4. 8. Ueta, Thw. ; arborea, glaberrima ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acu- 
minatis, obscure denticulatis, basi acutis, subtus parce prominentim 
venosis ; racemis folio subaeqidlongis vel brevionbus, basin versus 
nudis ijloribus sessilibus vel inferiormus subsessilibus ; bracteis glabris, 
parvis, oblongis; bracteolis nullis; baccis oblongis.— c.p. 165 (582, 



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8ynijoIoce€B,'] ceylon plants. • 185 

Hab. Not uncommon in the more elevated parts of the Central 
Province. 

Hamuli teretes, striati. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, 6-16 lin. lata, janiora cyaneo- 
viiidia, denique flavescentia ; petiolo 3-8 lin. longo. Oalyx glaber, tubo obconico ; 
lobis rotundatis, subacutis, ciliolatis. 

5. S. bractealis, Thw. ; arborea, glaberrima ; foliis ovatis vel ovato- 
lanceolatis, acutis, glanduloso-serratis, creberrime venosis, basi obtusis 
vel subacutis, brevi-petiolatis ; racemis folio brevioribus j floribtis sub- 
sessilibns ; hracteis bracteolisqxie majuscnlis, glabris, margine ciliatis, 
deciduis ; haccis oblongis. — c.p. 174 (676). 

Hab. Forests in the more elevated parts of the Central Province. 

BamjUi teretes, striati. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata; petiolo 1-2 J 
lin. longo. Bractece rotundatae, 2-3i lin. longse, bracteolit oblongis majores. Cal^x 
glaber, lobis rotundatis. 

6. S. obtusit, WaU. (A. DC. 1. c. p. 256 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1233).— c.p. 
626(673). 

Yar. /3. major ; foliis majoribus, brevissime acominatis, rotundatis 
vel retusis ; fiorihus parum minoribus. — c.p. 1820. 

Yar. y. obovata ; foliis minoribus, obovatis vel suborbicularibus, basi 
acutis ; racemis pauci- ssepe 1-floris. — S. obovata, Wight & Grardn. MSS. 
C.P. 1819. 

Yar. b. cucullata; foliis majoribus, valde coriaceis, oblongis vel obo- 
vatis, utrinque obtusis, ad marginem cucullato-revolutis, supeme pro- 
minentim, subtus inconspicue venosis ; pe^olo brevi, crasso ; racemis 
ut in var. a. — c.p. 2836. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 

A very variable plant, and perhaps var. fi, in which the leaves frequently reach to 
seven inches in length and three inches in width, is to be considered the most typical 
form of the species. In var. a the racemes sometimes become branchlike, the bracts 
being converted into leaves, and thus it approaches var. y, in which the leaves of a 
branch often he&t each a single stalked flower in its axil. The leaves in var. y show 
not uncommonly a disposition to a verticiUate arrangement. Var. 8 has, at first 
sight, a very distinct appearance, but the peculiar form of its leaves proves it to be 
in an abnormal state, arising probably from certain conditions of moisture and ex- 
posure. 

7. S. hirsnta, Wight and Gardn. MSS. ; arborea ; ramulis plus 
minus hispidis ; ybZm membranaceis, creberrime venosis, oblongis, brevi- 
acuminatis, basi rotundatis, serrulatis, supeme glabris, subtus ad cos- 
tam petiolo(\}ie hispidulis ; racemis folio brevioribus, pilosis ; floribus 
infenoribus brevi -pedicellatis, superioribus sessilibus; bracteis brae- 
teolis^<& ssepius externe pilosis ; calyce glabro vel rarius lobis externis 
pilosis ; baccis oblongis. — c.p. 368. 

Yar. 0. mirior ; foliis brevioribus, ovatis, acutis; petiolo longiore 
quam in var. a. — c.p. 273, 2204. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 

Folia \-Z\ poll, longa, i-li poll, lata; petiolo 2 hn. (var. fi 3 lin.) longo. 
Bacca \ poll, longse. 

This species would seem to be very nearly allied to S. Hamiltoniana, Wall., 
A. DC. 1. c. p. 254, and to S, foliosa, Wight, Ic. t. 1234. 

8. 8. elefpans, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis teretibus, plus minus rufo- 
vel testaceo-tomentosis ; foliis membranaceis, creberrime venosis, ob- 
longis vel ovatis, acute acuminatis, subintegris vel obscure serrulatis, 

2b 



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186 $ ENUMBBATION OF [%mpZoOMS. 

gupeme glabris vel basi ad costam pilosis, subtxia petiolociue plus minus 
pilosis, basi rotundatis vel subacutis ; racemU folio brevioribus, pilosis ; 
oracteis br<ict€olisqxxe exteme pilosis; calvce glabro, lobis ciliolatis; 
haccis oblongis, subampijillifonnibus. — c.p'. 23. 

Var. p. anaustata ; Tamulis tomento fulvo parcius tectis ; foliis an- 
gustioribus, longius acuminatis. — c.p. 78, 155. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

Folia 1-3^ poll. loDga, ^-1^ poll, lata ; petiolo H-2 Hn. longo. Bacea 5 lin. 
longse. 

Closely allied to and resembling the preceding species, and I have sometimes felt 
disposed to regard them as varieties, but the different character of the pubescence, 
and the more acuminated leaves of the present plant, are perhaps sufficient to warrant 
their being kept distinct. 

9. 8. hiapidnla, Thw. ; arborea; ramulis subteretibus, parum angu- 
losis, plus minus hispidis; foliis membranaceis, creberrmie venosis, 

. integns vel obscure denticulatis, obovatis vel oblongis, abrupte brevi- 
acuminatis, basi rotundatis, subcordatis vel rarius subacutis, supeme 
pilosulis vel glabris, subtus petioloi^Q pilosis ; racemis folio brevioribus, 
hispidis ; florihus brevi-pedicellatis ; bracteis, hracteolis, calycec^xiQ ex- 
teme pilosis 5 haccis suboylindricis, pilosis. — c.p. 407. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Saffragam Districts, at an elevation of 3000 
to 5000 feet. 

Folia 2i-7 poll, longa, li-3i poll, lata ; peHolo 2-4 lin. longo. Bacea pilosse, 
5-6 lin. longse. 

The entire leaves, of a larger size and different shape, and the hairy calyx of the 
present plant, are the principid characters to distinguish it from 8. hirsuta, W. & GL 

10. S. jucnnda, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis teretibus, fulvo-tomentosis ; 
foliis membranaceis vel subcoriaceis, integris vel obscure distanter den- 
ticulatis, longiuscule acuminatis, basi rotundatis, supeme })ilosulis vel 
glabris, subtus \;reberrime venosis et, cum petiolo, tomentosis ; racemis 
folio brevioribus, cimi hracteis, hracteolis ccUt/ceque externe, tomentosis ; 
florihtis brevi-pediceUatis ; haccis subcyhndricis, pilosis. — c.p. 2435, 

3454. 

Hab. Deltotte and Saffragam, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

Folia 2i-6 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata ; petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Bacea 6-7 lin. 
longse. 

Differs ftom the preceding in its more acuminated leaves and in the character of 
the pubescence. From S. pulehra, Wight, Ic. t. 1230, to which it bears a close re- 
semblance, the entire leaves of the present plant seem sufficient to distinguish it. 

11. 8. acuta, Thw. ; axhoTea. ; foliis sabcoriaceis, oblongo-lanceolatia, 
acuminatis, utrinque acutis, supeme glabris, IsBvibus, ad costam canali- 
culatis, subtus venosis, costa venisque primariis, cum petiolo, adpresse 
pilosulis ; racemis petiolo subsequilongis vel 2-3-plo longioribus, pube- 
rulis ; pedicellis calyce brevioribus ; calyce tubo puberulo, lobis rotun- 
datis, subglabris ; haccis longiuscule sub-ampulliformibus, subglabris. — 
c.p. 2681. 

Hab. Saffragam District, at an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Uamuli teretes, juniores adpresse pilosi. Folia 2-5 poll, longa, }-l} poU. lata; 
petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Baeea 5-6 lin. longse. 

ft Folia verms apicem ramuli disposita, 

12. 8. ouneata^Thw. ; arborea ; foliis subcoriaceis, integris, oblongo- 



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Spnplocea,] ceylon plants. , 187 

lanceolatis, acutis, basi in petiolom breyem gradatim angnstatis, sapeme 
glabris, IsBvibus, ad costam venasque primariaa cansdiculatis, subtus 
prominentim venosis, costa venisque, cum petiolo, adpresse pilosis ; 
racemis brevibus, tomentosis ; florihus subsessilibus ; haccis elongatis ; 
subcylindricis ; cum lohis calycinisy pilosis. — c.p. 2920. 

Hab. Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. 

Ramuli teretes, juniores dense adpresse pilosi. Folia 8-6 poll, longa, i~li poU. 
lata ; petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Bacca 6-7 lin. longse. 

The different arrangement of the leaves, as well as the subsessile flowers of the 
present species, sufficiently distingoish it from the preceding, to which it bears very 
considerable general resemblance. 

13. 8. cordifolia, Thw. ; arborea; foliis glabris, subcoriaceis obo- 
vatis, obtusis vel brevissime acuminatis, versus basin angustatis, auri- 
culato-cordatis, creberrime venosis, glanduloso-denticulatis, brevi-petio- 
latis ; racemis tomentosis, folio brevioribus ; hrorcteis brtieteoUsque 
majusculis, exteme tomentosis ; calyce tubo glabro, lobis exteme to- 
mentosis. — c.p. 271* 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 
Folia 3-6 poll, longa, l|-3i poll, lata; petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. Bacca oblongse, 
glabrse, calycis lobb tomentosis coronatse. 

14. S. marginalifly Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis teretibus et, cum petiolis 
racemisfvie, dense ferrugmeo-tomentosis ; foliis coriaceis, integris, ob- 
longis, abrupte et brevissime acuminatis, basi subacutis, supeme glabris, 
ad marginem parum incrassatum tomentosis, ad costam basi tomentosam 
canaliculatiSjSubtus creberrime prominenti-venosis tomentosisquej calyce 
tomentoso. — c.p. 2688. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

Folia 3^7 poll, longa, l}-3i lata ; petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. 

ttt Folia ad summum apicem ramuli subverticUlata, 

15. S. apicalifl, Thw. ; subarborea, erecta, parce ramosa ; ramulis 
teretibus ; foliis majusculis, membranaceis, subintegris, minute denti- 
culatis, creberrime venosis, oblongo-lanceolatis, acutis ; racemis folio 
mnltum brevioribus, axUlaribus et ssepe in axillis squamarum ramuli 
delapsarum, hmui^s; florihus subsessilious; hracteis, hracteolis calyceque 
exteme pilosis ; haccis oblongis, pilosis. 

Var. a. strigosa ; ramulis strigosis ; foliis basi acutis vel subacutis, 
costa petioloque strigosis. — c.p, 438. « 

Var. 0. gtahrifolia; ramulis glabris; fbliis majoribus, glabris, a 
supra-medio versus basin gradatim angustatis, basi abrupte obtusis. — 
c.p. 2933. 

Hab. Var. a. Eeigam Corle. Var. /3. In the Singhe-rajah Forest, 
between Eatnapoora and Galle, in wet places, at no great elevation. 

Folia 5-15 poll, longa, li-5| poll, lata ; petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Bacca 6-7 
lin. longsB. 

16. S. coronata, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis teretibus, ferrugineo-to- 
mentosis ; foliis coriaceis, oblongis, utrinque acutis, serrulatis, creber- 
rime venosis, supeme glabris, subtus jpetioloque tomentosis ; racemis in 
axillis squamarum ramuli delapsarum, tomentosis, folio multum bre- 
vioribus ; ^florihus subconfertis, sessilibus ; hracteis, hracteolis calyceque 
externe pilosis; hcu^cis ovoideis, pilosis. — c.p. 127. 



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188 BNUMSBATiON OF [Oleocea. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Folia 5-9 poll, longs, 2-4 poU. lata ; peiiolo 2-4 lin. iongo. Baeca 4-5 lin. 



XCIX. ANCISTEOCLADE^. 

(Planchon, Ann. des Sc. Nat. (Ser. 8) xiii. p. 316.— Walp. Ann. ii. p. 175.) 

1. ANCISTBOCLADUS, WaU. 

(Thw. in Linn. Soc Trans, xxi. p. 225.) 

Semen copiose albuminosum, cerebriformi-ruminatnm. Emhryonis 
radicula cylindrica, cotyled(me8 breves, subfoliacei, divergentes. 

1. A. VahlU, Am. Pug. 7 (325); Planch. I.e. p. 317; Walp. I.e.; 
Thw. 1. c. t. 24.— c.p. 1600. 

Hab. Central and southern parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Grona-wel," " Cronapittan-wel." 

C. OLEACE^. 
1. OIiEA, Toum. 

1. O. fflandnlifera, Wall. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 286 ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1238.)-.c.p. 2481. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

2. O. Oardneri^ Thw. ; glabra ifoliis oppositis, versus apicem ramuli 
aggregatis, coriaceis, integris, ovatis vel oblongis, plus minus .acuminatis 
vel rotundatis, parce venosis, basi acutis ; cymu pedunculatis, 3-9-flori8, 
rarius plurifloris, axillaribus et in&a folia secus ramulum sparsis ; pedi- 
cellis nore subsBquilongis ; corolla campanidata, ad medium 4-partita, 
lobis rotundatis. — Notelaa Zevlanica, ixardn. MSS. — c.p. 276, (627, 
1821.) 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Arbor 10-12-pedali8. Folia l-2i poll, longa, i-li poll, lata ; petiolo 2-3 lin. 
Iongo. Calyx acute 4-lobns. Corolla albida, 1 lin. longa. Stamina inclosa. JV«- 
culania rotundata, pisi magnitudine, putamine tenui. 

2. LIGUSTBUM, Toum. 

1. Ii. robnfltnm, Bl. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. i. p. 313. — Visaniarohustat 
A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 289, cum syn. — c.p. 476. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet ; common in 
the Hapootelle District. 

3. CHIONANTHUS, Linn. 

(Blnme, Mas. Bot. Lngd.-Bat. i. p. 817.) 

1. O.^Zeylanica^Willd. i. p. 47. Linociera pwryu/rea, Yahl ; A. DC. 
Prod. viii. p. 297, cum syn. L, dichotoma, WaU. A. DC. 1. c— c.p. 
1818. 



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JcumifMceaJi cetlok plaitts. 189 

Hab. Abundant in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. ynlg. 
" Gherriatta-gass/' 

Corolla alba, siccitate sabpurpnrasoens. 

As remarked by Blame, there seems to be scarcely sufficient gronod for separating 
Linodera as a genns distinct from Chionanthus. Of Chion. coHnifoliay Willd., 
founded on Plukenet's description, quoted by Burmann in Tbes. Zeyl. p. 31, I know 
nothing, nor am I acquainted with any species of this genus, indigenous to Ceylon, 
which has the under side of its leaves villous. 

2. C. albidiflora, Thw. ; foliis subcoriaceis, oblongis, abrupte rostrato- 
acuminatis, paucissime venosis, basi acutis ; cymis axillaribus, subraoe- 
moideis, paucifloris, folio multum brevioribus, glabris ; bracteis minu- 
tissime puosulis ; Jloribus brevi-pedicellatis ; calit/ce glabro, lobis rotun- 
datis, Bubacutis ; petalis elongatolis, canaliculato-linearibus ; nuculcmiis 
obovoideis, apiculatis, glabris, putamine crustaceo. — c.p. 472. 

Hab. Not uncommon at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. Nom. 
vtdg. " Taccada-gass." 

Jrhor parva. Folia 2^-5 poU. longa, |-1 J poll, lata ; petiolo 2 lin. longo. FetaJa 
3 lin. longa, pallide flava. Nuculania 6 lin. longa, purpurea. 

This may possibly be a variety of Linociera Malabarica, Wall., Wight, Ic. 1. 1246, 
which it very much resembles, but the leaves of that species are represented with a 
shorter acumination, and the flowers are described as sessile, with the pedicels and 
calyces hairy, in all which respects it differs from the present plant. 

3. O. leprocarpa, Thw. ; foliis subcoriaceis, glabris, oblongis, acumi- 
natis, subeveniis, basi acutis ; cymis axiUaribas, racemoideis, paucifloris, 
folio midtum brevioribus, minutissime glanduloso-pilosulis ; Jloribus 
brevi-pedicellatis ; calyce lobis latis, sub^uncatis, citiatis ; petalis (im- 
matuns) margine involutis; nuculaniis ovoideis, parce leprosis, puta- 
mine lignoso-chartaceo. — c.p. 2475. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet ; rather 
rare. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 2^5 i poll, longa, 1-lf ^o\[.'\&\a\ petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. 
Nuculania purpurea, 1 poll, longa, 6-7 lin. lata. 

4. C. rostrata, Thw,; foliis subcoriaceis, glabris, oblongs, longiuscule 
rostrato-acuminatis, basi acutis ; cymis axillaribus, racemoideis, brevibus, 
paucifloris, minutissime pilosulis ;/^oWJtt* brevi-pedicellatis ; calyce\o\A% 
rotundatis, ciliatis ; nuculaniis glabris, subfusiformibus, putamine lig- 
noso-chartaceo. — c.p. 3472. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle. 

Folia 2i-4 poll, longa, \-\\ poll, hita; petiolo 8-8i lin. longo. Nuculania 14 
lin. longa, 6 lin. lata. 



CI. JASMINACILE. 

1. JASMINTJM, Toum. 

(Nom.vulg. "Ktcha.") 

Sect. 1. Unifoliata, A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 301. 

1. J. Sambac^ Ait. (A. DC. 1. c. var. a, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 704.) 
— C.P. 1812. 

Hab. Gralle, Gardner; Battiealoa. 



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190 EXfUMBBATiON OF [Solvadorooea^ 

2. J. a&flrustifbUiiiii, Yahl, (A. DC. 1. c. p. 303, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 698.)--c.p. 1807. 

Hab. Veiy abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island, and very 
variable in the shape of its leaves^ 

3. J. risiduni, Zenk. (A. DC. 1. c. p. 305 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1247, cum 
syn. seq.) J. myrtophyllum, Zenk. ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 304. J. tetraphis, 
Wight & Gardn. in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. v. 27. p. 55.— c.p. 1809. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 
BamuU puberuli. 

4. J. auricvlatom, Vahl, (A. DC. 1. c. p. 309, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 700.)— c.p. 1810. 

Hab. "Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. 
Obs. Jasm. laurifolium, Roxb., occurs in gardens, but I have never found it in a 
wild state. 

Sect. 2. Trifoliolata, K,J)C, 

5. J. flexile, Vahl, (A. DC. 1. c. p. 310 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1253 ; Burm. 
Thes. Zevl. p. 127. t. 58. fig. l.)-~c.p. 724 (1814). 

Hab. I^ot imcommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Foliola oblonga vel lanceolata, acuminata, basi rotuudata vel acuta. 

Sect. 3. Altemifolia, A. DC. 

6. J. bumile, linn. (A. DC. 1. c. p. 313.) J", revoluti, Sims, var. /3 ; 
A. DC. 1. c. p. 312 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1258, cum syn. seq. J, biffnomacewn. 
Wall., et J, aureum, Don. — c.p. 1811. 

Hab. Elephant Plains, Gardner; below Horton Plains, at an eleva- 
tion of 6000 feet. 



2. NYCTANTHES, Juss. 

1. N. arbor»tristi«^ Linn. (A. DC. Prod. viiL p. 314, cum syn.) — 
C.P. 1808. 

Hab. Jaffna, Ga/rd/ner, Not uncommon in native gardens and near 
Buddhist temples, but hardly truly wild. Nom. vulg. " Saipaala-gass." 

A colouring matter is obtained from the coroUa-tubc of this jdant, which is em- 
ployed by the native priests for dyeing cloth yellow. 



on. SALVADOEACE^. 

(Planchon in Ann. des Sc. Nrit. (Ser. 3) x. p. 189). 
1. SALVADOBA, Linn. 

1. 8. 'Wlghtiana, Planch. MSS. in Herb. Hook. 8. Indica, Wight, 
Ulust. ii. p. 229. 1. 181 (P Eoyle). 8, Persica, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 389 ; 
Decaisne m Jacq. Voy. vol. iv. p. 140, adn. ; Walp. Ann. L p. 647 (non 
8. Fersica, Linn.).— c.p. 2267. 

Hab. !Near the seacoast, towards the north of the island. 



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Ajixfcynacea,"] ceylon plants. 191 

2. AZIMA, Lam. 

(Wight, Blast, ii. p. 156.) 

1. A. tetracantha, Lam. (Walp. Aim. iii. p. 16, com syn. ; Wight, 
1. c^. 157. t. 153.)— C.P. 2216. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

cm. APOCYNACE^. 

1. WILLUGHBEIA, Eoxb. 

1. IV. Oeylanica. — ChilocarptLs Cei/lanicus, Wight, Ic. t. 1288. 
Wtnchia cirrhtfera, Gardner, mSS. — c.p. 1829. 

Hab. Not uncommon in forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Fructiu carposus, subsphsericas vel parum pyriformis, flavo-rubescens, 4-5 poll, 
in diam. Semina oblonga, compressa, \ poll, longa, i poll, lata, tesia t€«iQi, mem- 
branacea, cotyledoniltis camosis, rufescentibus, radicula parva. 

The large, handsome firoit of this species is a fayoorite food of monkeys. 

2. CABISSA9 Linn. 

(Nom. vnlg. " Karanda-gass.") 

1. O. Carandas, Linn, (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 332, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 426.)--c.p. 1823. 

Hab. Jaffna, Garchwr; Komegalle. 

2. O. diffusa, Eoxb. (A. DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 427.)--c.p. 1822. 
Hab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

3. OPHIOXYLON, linn. 

1. O. serpentianm, Willd. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 342, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 849.)— c.p. 1834. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Ai- 
kawaireya." 

2. O. densiflorom, Thw.— O. Ceylanicum, Wight, ll. t. 1291. O. 
Neilgherrensey Wight, Ic. t. 1292. Tabemcemontana densiflora, Wall. 
Edw. Bot. Reg. v. 15. 1. 1273 ; A. DC. 1. c. p. 373.— c.p. 1836. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

4. ALYXIA, E. Br. 

1. A. Ceylaniea, Wight, Ic. t. 1293.— c.p. 1835. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet. 

Flares flavidi. Carpella matnra, coccinea, 2-7-8perma. 

5. HUNTBBIA, Eoxb. 
(Nom. valg. " Maddeya-gass.") 
1. U. Z«jlaiileay Gardn. MSS. — Cameraria Zeylanioa, Eetz ; 



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192 Bnitmeejltion op lApocffnacea, 

Willd. ; A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 389, cum syn. — An Hunteria coiymhosa, 
Eoxb. var.P— c.p. 1827. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; common. 

Flores flavidi. Carpella oblonga, rostrato-acuminata, stipitata, pollicaria. 

The wood of this species has a very fine, close grain, resembling that of the Box- 
tree. 

2. ? H. Roxburffliiana, Wight, Ic. t. 1294.— C.P. 2518. 

Hab. Central Province, in the Maturatte and Badulla Districts. 

Folia lineari-lanceolata, obtuse acuminata, basi acnta, supeme nitida, sabtas opaca 
palUdioraqne, venis primariis parallelis param conspicnis, 2-6 poll, longa, i-1 poll, 
lata, petiolo 3-5 lin. longo. Flores flavidi. Carpella (immatura) parce acuminata. 

This would seem to have the leaves narrower and less numerously and strongly 
veined than Dr. Wight's plants as represented in his figure, but in other respects 
there appears to be great similarity. 

6. CEBBEBA, Linn. 

1. O. OdoUam, GcBrtn. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 363, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 441.)— c.p. 1832. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, especially near the sea. Nom. vulg. 
" Gong-kadooroo-gass." 

7. OCHBOSIA, Juss. 

1. O. Borbonica, Gm. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 356, cum syn.)— O. ? 
platyspermos, A. DC. 1. c. cum syn. Cerhera parviflora. Moon's Cat. 
p. 19. An Willd. i. p. 1222?— c.p. 1833. 

Hab. Caltura, and other places near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Moodoo- 
kadooroo-gass." 

8. TABEBNJEMONTANA, Plum. 

1. T. dichotoma, Eoxb. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 366, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 433.) Cerhera Manghas, Linn, (partiin.) Manghas lactescefiSy 
etc., Burm. Thes. Zeyl. 161. t. 70. f. 1.— c.p. 2834. 

Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Diwi-kadooroo-gass." 

Semina matura in pulpa sanguinea nidulantia. 

This is no doubt the plant intended by Burmann, judging from his description of 
the fruit, though he has given the nativa name of another species. 

9. VALIiABIS, Burm. 

1. V. Perpulana^ Burm. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 399, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 429.)— c.p. 2616. 

Hab. Colombo, Mr, W, Ferguson, 

2. V. dichotoma, Wall. (A. DC. I.e. p. 400; Wight, Ic. t. 438, cum 
syn.)— c.p. 2619. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

The smaller foliage, and a' slight difference in the shape of the corolla of the pre- 
sent plant, give it a somewhat distinct appearance from the preceding, but the two 
are so closely allied that it would perhaps be quite safe to consider them as mere 



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ApocynacecB.'] cbylon plants. 19S 

varieties, of one species. The flowers of V. Pergulana have a disagreeable odour, 
but I do not remember whether the same character applies to those of V. cUchotoma. 
I can discover no difference in the nectaries of the two plants. 



10. HELIGME, Blume, Endl. 

Parsonsia Sect. 2, A. DC. 

1. H. spiralis. — H, Bheedii, Wkht, Ic. 1. 1303, cmn syn. Parsonsia 
spiralis, Wallicli; A. DC. Prod. vui. p. 402.— c.p. 1862. 
Hab. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Flores virides, exteme rufescentes. 

11. WEIGHTIA, E. Br. 

1. IV. tomentosa, R. et Sch. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 404, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 443.)— c.p. 2691. 

Hab. Central Province ; not very uncommon. 

Corolla flavida, rubro-tincta. Corona coccinea, breve et obtuse 5-loba, lobis sub- 
crenatis. Flores siccitate cyaneo-nigrescentes. 

2. 7 "W. RothU, G. Don, (A. DC. 1. c. p. 406, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1319.) Var. ^ puberula.—c.T. 1837. 

HLab. Damboul, Gardner, 

Hamuli cum foliis junioribus puberuli. Antherce dorso pilosse. 
This will probably prove to be distinct from W. Rotkii, but my specimen is not 
saSiciently perfect to justify a new species being established upon it. 

3. IV. angnstifolia, Thw. ; foliis glabris, membranaceis, lineari-lan- 
ceolatis, obtusis, basi acutis, brevi-petiolatis ; (^mis delicatulis ; Jloribus 
minute pubescentibus ; corona glaora, 5-partita ; lobis linearibus, an- 
theris oppositis sequilongisque, fere ad medium bifiircatis, segmentis 
simplicibus vel ad apicem parce laciniatis. — c.p. 1839. 

Hab. Damboul and Trincomale, Gardner. 

Folia li-4 poll, longa, i-f poll, lata ; peiiolo circiter 1 lin. longo. Pedicelli 
• tenaes, semipoUicares. Cal^x t lin. longus, lobis rotundatis, subacutis, ciliatis, 
corollae tubo brevioribus. Corolla lobi lineari-oblongi, obtusi, 3 lin. longi. Anthera 
dorso parum pilosse. 

lliis much resembles W. tinctorial R. Br. (c.p. 1838, 2385), but its much nar- 
rower and more membranaceous leaves, and very differently- shaped corona, seem 
siiflBciently to distinguish it fi'om that species. Of the latter I have only garden 
specimens in the herbarium, and I have no evidence of its having been detected 
wild in the island, though it may be expected to occur so in the northern districts. 

4. "W. Zeylanica, E. Br. (A. DC. l.c. p. 407, cum syn.)— IF. anti- 
dysenterica, E,. Br. ; A. DC. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 1825. 

Hab. Common in the south of the island. Nom. vulg. " Sooddoo- 
idda." 

Corolla alba, tubo glabro, lobis puberulis. Corona alba, antheris longior, pluri- 
laciniata. 

12. ALSTONIA, E. Br. 

1. A. Bcholaris, E. Br. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 408, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 422.)— c.p. 1840. 

2c 



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• 194 BNUMEBATION OF IJpoc^fUicea. 

Hab. Common up to an eleration of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. "Eoo- 
kattana-gass.'* 

The light wood of this tree is employed for making coffins. 

13. nOLABBHENA, B. Br. 

1. H. mitU, E. Br. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 413.)— c.p. 756. 

Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 1500 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Kirri-walla-gass." 

Jrbor mediocris. Cyma folio breviores, 5-12-flor8e. Corolla alba. 

The wood of thb tree is light in weight, of a pale colour, and fine, dose grain, 
and is nsed for inlaying cabinet- work. 

14. CHONEMOBPHA, G. Don. 

1. O. macropliylla, G. Don, (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 430, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 432.)— c.p. 2467. 
Hab. Not very uncommon, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

15. AGANOSMA, G. Don. 

1. A. elegana, G. Don, (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 433, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 1304.)— c.p. 1850. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not uncommon. 

Folliculi teretes, 5-9 poll, longi, 2i lin. lati, testaceo-pilosi, deniqne subglabri. 
Semina glabra, lineari-oblonga, nigra, 7 lin. longa, 1^ lin. lata, brevi-rostrata, longe 
comosa. 

16. CLEGHOBNIA, Wight, WaJpers. 

1. O. acuminata, Wight, Ic. t. 1310.— C.<w7no«a, Wight, Ic. t. 1312. 
—c.p. 1861. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 
5000 feet. 

The two forms of this plant, described by Dr. Wight under two specific names, • 
are connected by intermediate ones> and have, therefore, no claim to be kept distinct. 

17. ICHNOCABPUS, E. Br. 

1. Z. frntescenfl, E. Br. (A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 435, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 430.)— c.p. 1863. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet; Nom. vulg. " Kirri- 
wel." 

18. ANODBNDBON, A. DC. 

1. A. panicvlatam, A. DC. Prod. viii. p. 444, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 396.— c.p. 1843. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Dool." 
The fibre of the stem is very fine and strong, and is much used by the Cinghalese. 

2. A. rhinoapomm, Thw. ; glabra ; foliU subcoriaceis, oblongis, 
utrinque plus minus abrupte angustatis, obtusis, subtus pallidioribus, 



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Awlepiadcteea.'] ceylok plants. 19b 

inconspicue venosis; c^mis terminalibus, delicatuliB, valde divaricato- 
ramosis ; pedicellis flore longioribus ; seminibus rostro gracili SBquilongo 
omatis. — c.p. 2679. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Maturatte Districts ; not common. 

Folia 2-4 poll, longa, ^l^ poll, lata ; peHolo 3-5 lin. longo. Calyx i Un. longus, 
lobis ovatis, sabacutis. Corolla flava, 3 lin. in exp. Anthera sessiles. FoUiculi 
3-5 poll, longi. Semina glabra, minute rugulosa (rostr. excl.), 6 lin. longa ad apicem 
copiose comosa. 

Vinca rosea^ Linn., is become quite naturalized in the neighbourhood of Colombo 
and other places. Plumerid acutifoliat Poir., is also widely distributed, especially 
about Buddhist temples. 



CIV. ASCLEPIADACE^. 

1. HEMIDESMUS, B. Br. 

1. ZZ. Zndictis, E. Br. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. yiii. p. 494, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 594.)— c.p. 183 (1865). 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of tke island. Nom. vulg. 
"Eremoosoo." 

The root of this plant (Indian Sarsaparilla) is much used medidnaUy by the 
Cinghalese. 

2. CRYPTOLEPIS, E. Br. 

(Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd..Bat. i. p. 146.) 

1. O. Bachanani, EcBm. et Sch. (Walp. Eep, vi. p. 474, cum syn. ; 
Wigbt, Ic. t. 494.)— c.p. 2548. 
Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

3. SECAMONE, E. Br. 

1. S. emetica^ E. Br. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 501, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1283.)— c.p. 1851. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of tke island. 

4. TOXOCABPUS, W. et A. 

1. T. Kleinii, W. et A. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 506 ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 886.)— c.p. 2578. 
Hab. Maturatte District, at an elevation of 3000 feet ; not common. 

5. CYNOCTONUM, Er. Mey., Decaisne. 

1. O. panciflomm, Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 628, cum syn. — 
Cynanchum pauciflorum, R. Br. ; Wight, Ic. t. 364. An C7. pedunct^ 
latum, Thunb. DC. Prod. viii. p. 548.— c.p. 2466. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province. Nom. vulg. " Kang- 
koombala." 

The Ciughalcse eat the young leaves of this and of many other plants of this 
Natural Family, in their curries. 



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196 ENUMEBATiON OP [Asclepiadocea , 

6. CALOTBOPIS, E. Br. 

1. O. g^antea, E. Br. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 535, cum syn. ; 

Wight, lUust. ii. t. 155.)— c.p. 1831. 
Has. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. Tnlg. " Warra." 
The fibre of this pUnt is very fine and strong. The milky juice is employed 

medicinally. 

7. PBNTATROPIS, E. Br. 

1. P. microphylla, W. et A. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 636, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 352.) — An Cynanchum acuminatum, Thunb. DC. 
I.e. p. 548?— c.p. 1853. 



cj. c 
Hab. 



Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 
8. SABCOSTEMMA, E. Br. 



1. 8. Brunoniana, W. et A. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 538 ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1282.)— c.p. 1830. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; common. Nom. vulg. " Moowa- 
keeriya." 

The stems are used medicinally. 

9. OXYSTBLMA, E. Br. 

1. O. eflcnlentom, E. Br. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 543, cum 
syn.)— c.p. 2837. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

10. DJEMIA, E. Br. 

1. D. extenaa, E. Br. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 544, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 596.) — Cynanchum echinatum, Thunb. DC. I.e. p. 459. — 
C.P. 1841. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

11. TYLOPHOBA, E. Br. 

1. T. camoaa, Wall. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 607 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 351.)— C.P. 1852. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

2. T. cordifolia^ Thw. ; volubilis ; ramulis pilosulis ; foliis glabris, 
cordatis, mucronatis, basi laminae parce g:lanaulosis ; petiolo superne 
pilosulo ; pedunculis 1-2-floris, folio subflBCjmlongis, cum Jlorilms glabris ; 
corona staminea radiatse foliolis oblongis, truncatis, camosis, postice 
superneque parum productis et ibi lateraliter compressis ; gynostegiu/m 
oonvexum imibilicatum subsequantibus. — c.p. 717. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province. 

Folia 3-13 lin. longa, 2-9 Un. lata ; petiolo 1-li lin. longo. Calyx parvus, lobis 
ovatis, subacutis. Corolla fusco-puq)urea, 4 lin. in exp., lobis ovatis, subacutis. 
Corona stamnea 1 lin. lata, flavida. Folliculi saepins abortu solitarii, attenuati, 
glabri, bipollicares. 



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AsclepiadacecB,'] ceylon plants. 197 

3. T. micrantha, Thw. — T, Zeylanica, Decaisne, 1. c. p. 608. Cy- 
nanchum micranthum, Thunb. DC. 1. c. p. 648. — c.p. 2517. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
Folia 2^-5 poll, longa, li-3 poll, lata; petiolo ^-1 poll, longo. FoUieuli 
elegantuli, glabri, 5 poll, longi. 

4. T. foscicuUta, Ham. (DC. 1. c. p. 608 ; Wight, Ic. t. 848.)— 
c.p. 369. 

Hab. Not nncommon in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 7000 feet. 
Flores flavidi, purpureo-tincti, vel omnino fusco-purpurei. 

5. T. asthmatica, W. et A. (DC. 1. c. p. 611, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1277.) 

Var. a. puhescens, DC. I.e.— c.p. 1857 (1858). 

Var. /3. glabra, DC. 1. c. — An Cynanckum flavens, Thunb. et C hra^- 
teatum, Thunb. DC. I.e. p. 549 P— c.p. 1849 (1860). 

Hab. Yery abundant in the wanner parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Binnooga." 

Folia ad apicem petioli ssepe parce glandulosa. Flores f avidi, plus minus pnr- 
pnreo-tincti. 

A very variable plant as regards the shape of the leaves and the amount of pu- 
bescence. The natives employ the roots medicinally. 

12. COSMOSTIGMA, Wight. 

1. O. racemoBum, Wight (DC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 613, cum syn. ; 
Wight, lo. t, 591.)— C. acuminatum, Wight, Ic. t. 1270.— c.p. 1854. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; common. 

13. MABSDENIA, E. Br. 

1. M. tenacisflima, W. et A. pC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 616, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 590.)— c.p. 2860. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island ; not very common. 

14. GYMNBMA, E. Br. 

1. a. sylveatre, E. Br. (DC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 621, cum syn. j 
Wight, Ic. t. 349.)— c.p. 2549. 

Var. 0. Decaisneanum. — G. Decaisneanvm, Wight, Ic. t. 1271. G, 
hirsutvm, DC. 1. c. p. 622 (" non W. et A.," Wight, 1. c.)— c.p. 1844. 
Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. Q. rotnndatam, ThwJ ; volubilis ; ramulis Jtmioribus tomentosis ; 
foliis ovato-rotundatis, obtuse acuminatis, supeme pilosulis, ad apicem 
petioli pluri-glandulosis, subtus cimi pefiolo longiusculo brevi-tomen- 
tosis ; pedunculis petiolo duplo brevioribus ; umhellis geminatis, con- 
fertifloris; stigmate conico staminibus longiore; folliculis attenuajis, 
glabris.— c.p. 3086. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Folia 2-4 poll, longa, 1^-3 poll, lata; petiolo f-li poll, longo. Pedicelli flore 
daplo lon^ores. Calycis lobi oblongo-rotnndati, pilosi. Corolla flava, calyce duplo 
longior. 



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198 BmTMSBATioK OF lAsclepiodoeea. 

3. O. laetifemm, B. Br. (DC. 1. o. p. 622,' cum 8jn.)^-G^. Zet/lanicum, 
Decaisne, 1. c. — c.p. 2680. 

Var. /3 ; foliis subtus molliter parce pubeaoeiitibus.— c.p. 1847. 

Hab. !Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Folliculi (var. a) lanceolati, 3^ poll. 4oiigi, \ poll in lat. max., obtnsi, ssepius 
aborta soHtarii, jonioies ovati vd oblongL ^ 

15. BIDABIA, Endl. 

1. B. pergpalarioides, Thw. ; volubilis ; ramulis cum petiolis, pe- 
dunculis jpedicellisque pubescentibus ; foliis subglabris, eUipticis vel 
oblong, plus minus acuminatis, basi acutis vel rotundatis, &dL apicem 
petioli glandulosis ; pedunculis petiolo subaequilongis ; jpedicellis bre- 
vibus ; folliculis lineari-lanceolatis, valde attenuatis, puberulis, denique 
subglabris. — Q-ymnema pergularioides, Wight et Gardner, MSS. — ^An 
Cynanchvm cuspidatttm, Thunb. DC. 1. c. p. 548 P 

Var. a ; corotla tubo lobis calycinis 2-3-plo longiore ; folliculis lon- 
giusculis.— c.p. 2671, 2672. 

Var. i3 ; foliis minoribus, firmioribus ; corolla ^t£5o lobis calycinis vix 
longiore ; folliculis brevioribus. — c.p. 1848. 

Folia li-6 (var. fi, 1-2) poll, longa, i-2 poll. (var. fi, 3-10 lin.) lata ; petiolo 
2-7 lin. longo. Pedicelli corollee tubo subsequilongi. Oalycis lobi ovati, subacati. 
Corolla flava, sspins plus minns rnbro-tincta, 3-4 (var. /3, 2-3) lin. in exp., lobis 
ovato-lanceolatis. Folliculi 5-6 (var. /3, circiter 3) polL longi, 3 lin. lati. 

This variable species is evidently very closely allied to B. elegant, Decaisne. 

16. LBPTADBNIA, E. Br. 

1. Ii. reticvlatai W. et A. (Decaisne in DC. Prod. viii. p. 628, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 350.) — An Ounatichum ovahtm, Thunb. DC. 1. c. 
p. 548P— C.P. 1846. 

Hab. Anooradhapoora, Gardmer, 

17. HBTBBOSTBMMA, W. et A. 

1. H. Tanjorensis, W. et A. (DC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 630; Wight, 
Ic. t. 348.)— C.P. 1856 (1859). 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

18. DISCHIDIA, R. Br. 

1. ? D. nnmmularia^ B. Br. (DC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 632, cum syn.) 

I have a drawing, made some years ago, from a plant collected in the island, which 

is either D. nummularia or a species very closely allied to it, but unfortunately the 

specimen was not preserved, nor is the particular locality in which it was found 

recorded. 

19. HOYA, R. Br. 

1. H. ovalifolia, W. et A. (Wight, Ic. t. 847.)— c.p. 2670. 
Hab. Not very uncommon in the Ambagamowa District, at no great 
elevation. 

Folia ad apicem petioli glandolosa. Flores albidi, pins minos rubro-tincti. 



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AselepiadaceiB.'} cbtlon plants. 199 

2. H. Wlgplitiana, Thw. ; volubillB ; foUis |;labris, camosis, lineari- 
lanceolatis, acuminatis, obtusis, basi angustatis ; pedunculis brevibns, 
mnltifloris ; corolla lobis ovatis, parce acuinina^, obtusis, minute pa- 
piUosis; corona staminea parum depressa, foliolis obovatiB, obtusiB, 
interne acutis. — c.p. 2762. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Folia 1-8 poll, longa, 2-6 lin. lata; petiolo pnrpnrascente, 1-3 lin. longo. Fe- 
dicelli glabri, 6 lin. longi. Calyx minutos, glaber. Corolla alba, 6-7 Hn. in cxp. 
Corona staminea purpurea, 2 lin. in exp. 

A very beautiful species, bearing considerable resemblance to the figure of 
Dr. "Wight's B, paucijlora {H. parvijlora in desc.) Ic. t. 1269; and its more 
nomerous flowers and obtusely-pointed leaves seem to be the principal points of 
distinction. 

3. H. Tiridiflora, E. Br. (DC. 1. c. p. 639 j Wight, Ic. t. 686.)— c.p. 
1855. 

Hab. Common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Kirn- 
angoona." 
The leaves of this species are eaten by the Cinghalese. 



20. CEBOFEQIA, Linn. 

1. C. elegrans, Wall. (Bot. Mag. t. 3015 ; DC, in DC. Prod. viii. 
p. 642 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1265.)— C. sphenanthera, W. et A. ; DC. 1. c. 
p. 643. a Mvsorensis, Wight, Ic. t. 846. C, Walkeri, Wight, Ic. t. 
1266.— c.p. 738. 

Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

This and the other species of the genus are very variable as regards the shape and 
size of the leaves and colour of the flowers, and far from constant in the shape and 
size of the latter. 

2. O. Oardneri, Thw. ; volubilis, glabra ; foliis lanceolatis, acumi- 
natis ; j>edunculis petiolo subaeijuilongis, paucifloris ; calycis lobis li- 
nearibus, acutis ; corolla ad tubi basim parum inflata, supra medium 
Bubito valde ampliata, apice aperte 5-crumenata, margine ciliata ; co- 
rona staminea lobis ext^ioribus linearibus, acutis ; interioribiis multo 
longioribus latioribusque et apice reflexis ; folliculis longiusculis, tere- 
tibus.— c.p. 2838. 

Hab. Bambodde, at an elevation of 4000 to 5000 feet, Gardner. 

Pedicelli pedunculo subeequilongi. Corolla albida, purpureo-maculata, circiter 2 
poll, longa, li polL in exp. Folliculi (immaturi) 7 poll, longi, 2 lin. lati. 

A very pretty species, allied to the preceding, but it can scarcely be a variety 
of it. 

3. C. Thwait«sii, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4758.— c.p. 1842. 
Hab. Central Province ; not very common. 

This will possibly prove to be a small variety of O. Deeaisneana, Wight, Ic. t. 
1259, to which it is evidently very closely allied. 

4. O. candelabrum, Linn. (DC. 1. c. p. 643, cum syn.) — C intermedia, 
Wkht, Ic. 1. 1263.— C.P. 774. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island ; not xmcommon. 
An extremely variable species, and I suspect that several Indian plants, described 
as distinct species, will be discovered to be mere varieties of it. 



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200 BNUMSBATiON OF ILoganiocea. 



21. CARALLITMA, E. Br. 

1. O. attenuata, Wight, Ic. t. 1268.— An C. adscendens, E. Br. ; DC. 
in DC. Prod. viii. p. 647, cum syn. P — c.p. 3304. 

Hab. On rocky ground at Ooma Oya, on the lower road from Kandy 
to Badulla, at no great elevation. 

My specimens of this plant so much resemble Roxburgh's figure of S. adscendens 
in PI. Cor. t. 30, that it seems not improbable that the cUia were accidentally absent, 
or overlooked in the corolla of his specimen. 

22. BOUCEBOSIA, W. et A. 

1. B. umbellata, W. et A. (DC. in DC. Prod. viii. p. 648, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 495.)— 5. cam/panulata, Wight, Ic. 1. 1287.— c.p. 2861. 

Hab. Eocks near Komegalle. 

Asclepias curassavica, Linn., is become quite naturalized and distributed throughout 
the island. 



CV. LOaANIACE^. 

1. MITBASACME, LabiU. 

1. M. Zndica, Wight, Ic. t. 1601 ; Bentham in linn. Soc. Proc. i. 
p. 92, cum syn. — c.p. 1677. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. PAGB-ZBA, Thunb. 

1. P. Zeylanica, Thunb. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 29, cum syn. ; Blume, 
Eumphia, t. 78. fig. 2.) — Solandra oppositifolia, Moon's Cat. p. 15. 

Hab. Central Province, not common. Nom. vulg. "Atambooroo- 
gass." 

2. P. obovata, Wall, in Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 33; DC. 1. c— JFl Ma- 
labarica, Wight, Ic. t. 1317. — c.p. 757. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 6000 feet. 

This diflfers from F. Zeylanica in its more scandent habit, much shorter flowers, 
and more oblong fruit ; but in other respects they are very closely allied. In both, 
the placenta are distinct, not, as in the following species, cohering in the centre of 
the oVary. 

3. P. Gardneri, Thw. ; scandens \foliis majusculis, coriaceis, glabris, 
subeveniis, obovato-cuneatis, apice rotundatis, basi truncatis, brevi- 
petiolatis ; petiolo parum stipulaceo ; corolla late infundibuliformi ; 
tuho calyce circiter 3-plo longiore ; placentis in medio ovarii cohseren- 
tibus.— c.p. 1826. 

Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet. 

The present species has weaker, more scandent branches, than the preceding. Its 
leaves have a more crowded appearance, and the calyx is larger, with its pair of 
bracteoles at its immediate base, instead of halfway down the pedicel, as in the pre- 
ceding. The two plants are, however, very closely allied, and their flowers are very 
similar in general appearance. The somewhat coriaceous flowers of all three species 
are of a ydlowish- white colour ; the fruit is shining and glaucous. 



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Loffaniacea,] cetlon plants. 201 

3. STBYCHNOS, Linn. 

Sect. 1. Scdndentes. 

1. S. minor, Blame, (A. DC. Prod. ix. p. 14; Benth. in Joum. Linn. 
Soc. Bot. i. p. 100.)— c.p, 187. 

Var. d. jparvifolia, Benth. 1. c. — c.p. 341. 

Hab. Var. a. Warmer parts of the island. Var. d. Central Pro- 
vince, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

2. S. colahrina, Linn. (A. DC. 1. c. ; Benth. 1. c. p. 101.)— C.P. 2516. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not uncommon. 

Rami juniores parce pnberali, cito glabrati. Folia ssepe ad basin snb-S-nerm. 
Corolla lobi interne versus apioem pilis paucis rigidis ereetis Qmati. 

Distinguished from the preceding by its pentamerous flowers and larger fruit, as 
indicated by Mr. Bentham. I have never seen the fruit nearly so large as it is re- 
presented by Rheede, but have never met with it quite mature. The leaves of the 
present species are most frequently somewhat 5 -nerved at the base, owing to the 
distinctness of the submargind nervure. 

3. S. lam-ina. Wall. (A. DC. l.c. p. 13; Benth. I.e. p. 102.)— c.p. 
3540. 

Hab. GraUe, KomegaUe, and other of the warmer parts of the island. 
Nuculania (immatura) pollicaria. 

4. S. cinnamomifolia, Thw. ; glabra ; cirrhis simpHcibus ; foliis ob- 
longis, rostrato-acuminatis, obtusis, basi acutis, tnplinerviis ; c^mis 
terminalibus, pedunculatis, trichotomis, folio brevioribus ; corollce lohis 
glabris ; niundcmiis majusculis, sphsericis, polyspermis. — c.p. 1867. 

Hab. Hantani District, at an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Atta-kirindi-wel." 

Folia 2i-4 poll, longa, 1 i-1 J poll, lata ; petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. CyTna tomen- 
tells, ramolos breves terminantes. Corolla albida, iubo interne infra medium sparse 
pilose, 4-5 Un. longo, lobis li lin. longis. Nuculania circiter 3 poll, in diam. 
Semina pollicaria. 

This large climbing plant much resembles Blume's figure of S. Tiente, Lesch., 
Rmnphia, t. 24, and would seem also to have many characters in common with S. 
ovalifolia. Wall. ; but in these latter the inflorescence is axillary, whilst in the pre- 
sent species it terminates the small ramuli, as in iS. nux-vomica. From the last- 
named species the present differs in, besides its scandent habit, having narrower, 
more acuminated leaves, and larger flowers. 

Sect. 2. Arbor escentes, 

6. S. niuc-Tomica, Linn. (A. DC. 1. c. p. 15, cum syn.) — c.p. 2839. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Goda-kadooroo-gass." 
Corolla interne infra medium pilosa. Nuculania ssepe 1-2-sperma. 

6. S. potatorum, Linn. f. (A. DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Hlust. ii. 
1. 156.)— c.p. 1866, 3367. 

Hab. Hot, drier, and especially the northern parts of the island. 
Nom. vulg. " Ligini-gass." 

4. GJBBTNEBA, Lam. 

1. G. irosea, Thw. (Benth. in Linn. Soc. Proc. i. p. 111.) — c.p. 

2d 



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202 EKUMEBATiON OF ILogamocea. 

Has. Ambagamowa and Safiragam Districts, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. 

Frutex glaber, S-lO-pedalis. Bamuli bicostati. Folia elliptico- yd ovato- 
lanceolata, longe acuteqne acuminata, basi in petiolum brevem angnstata, li-3 polL 
longa, i-li poll. lata. Stipula carinatee, biaristatee, in tubom coalitte. Flares 
terminales, tend, sessiles ad apicem pedunculi breris vd subnulli. Calyx tnbulosat, 
1 lin. longus, irregulariter 4-6-denticaIata8. Corolla 8-10 lin. longa, exteme 
roseo-porpurea, lobis 4, linearibos, tubo multum brevioribus. Anthera 4, oblongse, 
snbsessiles. Nuculania subspliserica, pallide cyanea, 4-5 lin. in diam. 

3. G. "WalkeH, Wight, Illust. ii. 1. 156 6 ; Bentham, 1. c. (pattvmY 
--SvJcesia Walkeri, Am. Pug. 36, 364; DC. Prod. ix. p. 35.— c.p, 288. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Frutex S-lO-pedalis. Uamuli teretes, glabri. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, ^1^ poll. 
lata ; petiolo 2-5 lin. longo. Stipula coaHtse, troncatee Tel breri-acominatse et apice 
bifidse. Cyma terminales, glabrse, seepius 5-flor8e, folk) sabeequilongse. Nuoukada 
subsphserica, cyanea. 

3. O. Oaf d&eri, Thw. ; ramulis teretibus, minute puberulis ; foliis 
glabris, anguste lanceolatis, acute acuminatis, basi acutis, brevi-petio- 
Eitis ; stipulis lonee coalitis, parum acuminatis bifidisque ; (^mts pu- 
berulis, saepius 3-noris et folio brevioribus, floribus erectis. — c.p. 34j6 
(363). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

Frutex 8-10-pedali8. FoUa 1-21 poll, longa, 2-5 lin. lata. Flores fructutdpA 
fere ut in preecedente sed parum m^jores. 

The pnberuloufi ramuli and inflorescence, diflTerently-shaped leaves, fewer-flowered 
cymes, and rather larger flowers and fruit, distinguish this from the preceding species, 
to which it is very closely allied. 

4. O. temifolia, Thw. ; foliis temis, parvis, glabris, rigidulis, K- 
nearibus, mucronatis, utrin(jue acutis, eveniis, brevi- p etiolatis ; floribus 
terminalibus, soHtariis, pedicellatis, cemuis. — G. Walkeri, var. angus- 
tifolia, Benth. 1. o. (paHim),-—c,v. 440 (457). 

Hab. Ambagamovra District, near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 
4000 to 5000 feet. 

Frutex 4-6-pedalis. Bamuli puberuli, 3-costati. Folia 4-7 lin. longa, i-I lin. 
lata, costa subtus prominent!. Stipula breves, acuminatse, basi coalitse. Fedicelli 
folio breviores, puberuli. Calyx brevi-campanulatus, acute 5-dentatu8, puberulus, 
basi bracteolatus. Corolla alba, 5-6 lin. longa, parum campanulata, exteme glabra^ 
tubo intus supeme villosulo, lobis longiore. Filamenta coroUse tubi medio afi^a, 
antheras oblongas, exsertas eequantia. Nuculania subsphserica, cyanea, 4 lin. in 
diam. 

A very beautiful and very distinct species. 

6. G. B«Mugii, Wight, Ic. t. 1818 ; Benth. 1. c. p. 112.— 6?. aeumi- 
nata, Benth. 1. c. ; ^kesia Kosnigii, Am. Pug. 35 (353) 5 DC. 1. c.^- 
c.p. 544. 

Var. |3. ihyrsiflora, — G. thyrsifl^ora, Blume, Mus. Bot. i. p. 174; 
Benth. 1. c. G. oxyphylla, Benth. 1. c. Sykesia thyrsiflora. Am. 1. c. ; 
DC. I.e.— C.P. 3342. 

Hab. Var. a. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. fi 
south of the island, at no great elevation. 

The somewhat smaller leaves and flowers, and the elongated and often de- 
pauperated cymes of var. jS, appear to me to be the only characters to separate it 



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Ghntianacea.1 cbylon plants. 203 

CVI. GENTIANACEJE. 

TRIBE I. GENTIANEM. 
1. BXACUM, linn. 

Sect. 1. Pseudochirania, Griseb. 

1. B. SKeylaalcum^ Boxb. (Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 45, com syn. ; 
Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4423.) — Chironia trinervia, Linn. ; Moon's Cat. 
p. 16.— c.p. 512. 

Var. /S ; fiorihus minoribus pallidioribusque ; antheris brevioribus.— 
E. Bamboddeanum, Gturdn. M!S. — c.p. 38. 

Hab. Common in damp, grassy places, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. Norn, vnlg. " Bindara.^' 

CauUs plus rniniis tetragonns Tel subteres. Folia ovata vel anguste lanceolata, 
utrinqne plus minus acoininata. Anthera var. a circiter 8 lin. (Var. jS 1^ lin.) 
longffi. 

At one time I considered, as did Dr. Gardner, varr. a and /9 distinct species, bat 
after the examination of very nnmerons specimens, I am unable to find apj essential 
permanent character to separate them. 

2. S. macraathiimy Am. (Griseb. 1. c. p. 46 ; Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 
4771.)—^. (yvaUy Griseb. 1. c— o.p. 1877. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

Caulis teres vel param tetragonns. Corolla purpurece, lobis rotundatis, plus 
minus acuminatis. Anthera 4-5 lin. longse. 

This beautiful plant differs from the preceding only in the deep purple colour of 
its larger flowers and the greater size of their anthers, and it might safely perhaps 
be considered a mere mountain variety of it. 

3. B. VKTalkeri, Am. (Griseb. L c. p. 45.)— c.p. 1878. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet. 
Caulia tetragonns, ad nodos minute glandulosus. Corolla alba. 

4. B. axillare, Thw. ; caule parum procumbente, 4-alato j foliis 3- 
nerviis, ovato-lanceolatis, ntrinque acuminatis ; pedicellis asdlaribus, 
solitariis, calyce brevioribus; jUyribus 4-meris; calyce late alato; co- 
TolhB lobis lanceolatis, acuminatis. — c.p. 2998. 

Hab. Near Hewessee, in the Pasdoon Corle, at no great elevation. 
Folia membranacea, 1^3 poll, longa. Calyx semipollicaris ; alis membranaceis, 
laxe venosis. Corolla cyanea, lobis i poll, longis. 

Sect. 2. Pseudosebaa, Griseb. 

5. B. peduncnlatom, Linn. (Griseb. 1. c. p. 46, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 336.)— C.P. 1876. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. 
Corolla pallide cyanea vel albida. 

6. B. sessile, Linn. (Griseb. 1. c. p. 47, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 1324, 
f. y— C.P. 250. 

Hab. Common in grassy places, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 
Corolla cyanea vel albida. 



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204 EKiTHEBATiON OF [^GhntianocecB, 



2. PLADBBA, Koxb. 

1, P. pasilla, Eoxb. (Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 63, cum syn.) — 
Cicendia fastigiata, Griseb. 1. c. p. 62. — c.p. 2840. 

Has. Common in damp, grassy places, in the hotter parts of the 
island. 

3. CANSCOBA, Lam. 

1. O. diffdsa, E. Br. (Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 64, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 2841. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

2. O. decnssata, Eoem. et Sch. (Griseb. 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 2400. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province, on the borders of 

paddy-fields, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

3. O. sessiliflora^ Eoem. et Sch. (Griseb. 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 3581. 
Hab. Batticaloa District ; not common. 

4. O. perfoliata, Lam. (Griseb. 1. c. p. 65, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1327, f. 2.)— C.P. 1874. 

Hab. North of the island, Gwrdrver. 

4. SLEVOGTIA, Eeich. 

1. S. orientalis, Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 65, cum syn. — c.p. 1871. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island, especially near the sea. 

5. GENTIANA, Toumef. 

1. O. pedicellata, Wall. (Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 107, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1328.)— (3^. Zeylanica, Griseb. I.e. p. 108.— c.p. 1873. 

Hab. Abundant amongst grass, at Newera EUia and other of the 
most elevated parts of the island. 

6. CBAWFUBDIA, Wall. 

Tripterospermumj Blume. 

1. O. fasciculata, Wall. (Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 120, cum syn. ; 
Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4838.) — Var. j3 Championii ; Tripterospermum 
Championii, Gardn. MS. — c.p. 137. 

Hab. Horton Plains, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 
feet. 

Corolla cylindrico-campanulata, 1 poll. loDga, 6 Hd. in exp., omnino flavo-viridis 
vel margine plicisque purpureis. Fructtis carnosus, ruber, stipite flequilongo concolore. 
Placenta duse. Semina triseridia, libera, acute trigona, brunnea. 

The present plant corresponds in so many respects with the figure and description 
of C. fasciculata^ that there can scarcely be a doubt of its being a variety of that 
species. It has, however, essentially the characters of the genus Tripterospermum of 
Blnme, and I suspect that the fruit of Crawfurdia must have been inaccurately de- 
scribed from dried specimens. 



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Gentianacea.'] cbtlon plants. 206 

7. OPHELIA, Don. 

1. O. Zeylanica, Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 124.— c.p. 1875. 

Hab. Central Province, in grassy places, at an elevation of 6000 to 
7000 feet. 

Corolla cyaneo'pnrpurea, foveis orbicularibus ad marginem longe radiato- 
fimbriatia. 

TRIBE II. MENTANTHEJE. 

8. LIMNANTHEMUM, Gmelin. 
(Norn. vulg. " Oloo,** " Ambala.") 

1. la. Zndicmn. — Menyanthes iTidica, Linn. Sp. PI. cum syn. (non 
Griseb.)— c.p. 3152. 

Var. a. stamineum ; stylo staminibus molto breviore. — L. Kleinianum, 
Griseb. in DC. Prod. ix. p. 139, cum syn. 

Var. jS. stylosvm; stylo lineari, staminibus longiore. — i. Wightianvm, 
Griseb. 1. c. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

Between the iforms a and jS of the present plant I can find no difference, except 
in the relative length of the stamens and style ; and, as there are instances of an 
exactly corresponding kind amongst the Ruhiacea and Erythroxylea^ and I believe 
also in the OxcUidaceay this difference is scarcely snfScient to found a specific cha- 
racter upon. The seeds in both forms are delicately mnricated, or firequently nearly 
smooth. As regards the figure in Kumph. Amb. lib. xi. t. 72. f. 3, quoted by 
Linneens, it woxdd seem to me that, taken in connection with the description in 
page 173 of the same volume, there can be but little doubt of its being intended for 
the plant now under consideration, although Grisebach refers it to a species closely 
aili^ to, if it indeed be more than a state of L. cristatum, 

2. la. cristatnni, Griseb. 1. c. cum syn. ; sed Bheede, Hort. Mai. xi. 
p. 57. t. 29 (non p. 55. t. 28.) — ^An L, Indicvm, Griseb. L c. quoad de- 
script. P— c.p. 1870. 

Hab. Abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

3. If. Moonii, Thw. ; foliis parvis ; radicalihtLs (sterilibtis) deltoideis 
vel trapezoideis, petiolo plus minus elongato ; caulinis (Jloriferis) cor- 
dato-orbiculatis vel obovoideis ; pedicellis 2-5-nis ; Jloribus parvis, 4- 
meris ; corolla lohis fimbriatis, disco versus apicem sparse pilosis ; 
gland^lis minutis, penicUlato-pilosis ; seminihus minute muricatis vel 
sublsevibus. — Menyanthes campestris, Moon*s Cat. p. 13. An Vtllarsia 
parvifolia, Wall. Cat. P— c.p. 2842. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the south of the island, growing in the water 
or on wet ground. . 

Folia ^1 poU. in diam. Flores albi, circiter 4 lin. in exp. 
Nearly allied to the preceding species. 

4. la. biflorum, Thw. ; caulihus elongatis, simplicibus, v. parce ra- 
mosis plurinodiis ; nodis monophyllis ; foliis cordato-orbicularibus, 
subtus glanduloso-punctatis ; petiolo longiusculo, basi vaginante ; 
jpedicellis elongatuhs, saepius bmis, in axifla bractese oblongse, sub- 
acutee, folio oppositse ; calyds segmentis ovatis, acutis ; corolla glabra, 
lutea, calyce duplo longiore, aa faucem glandulis 5 minutis pilosis 
staminibus altemantibus munita; lohis margine fimbriatis; capsula 



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206 EiiUMJEBi-TiON OF [^Cifriandrtieem. 

polysperma ; seminilms subBphseriois, opacie, punctulatis. — Menyanthes 
oiflora, Moon's Cat. p. 13. An L. Forhesianum, Griseb. 1. c. P — c.p, 
1869. 

Hab. South of the islaad. 

This is probably L. Forbesianunit Griseb., in part ; but it does not quite agree 
with the characters given of t^e flower of that species ; nor does the author notice 
the very different habit the present plant exhibits to that of the other species of the 
section, the stem simply elongating, at each innovation, by the production of a single 
shoot at its apex, instead of producing, as in the other s^jccies (in addition to the 
fascicle of flower-pedicels), a sessUe offset developing its own roots, and a succession 
of petioled, floriferous leaves, (perhaps more correctly termed petiole-like stems,) 
each terminated by a single leaf. 



CVII. BIGNONIACE.E. 

1. CALOSANTHBS, Blume. 

1. O. Zndica, Blume, (DC. Prod. ix. p. 177, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic' 
tt. 1337, 1338.)— c.p. 3171. 

Hab. Yery common, up to an elevation of 20(X) feet. iNorn. vulg. 
** Tptilla-gasB.*' 

2. SPATHODEA, Beaur. 

1. S. Rheedii, Wall. (PC. Prod. ix. p. 206, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1339.)— c.p. 3170. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Deya-danga- 
gass." 

3. STEBEOSPEBMUM, Cham. 

1. S. chelonoides, DC. Prod. ix. p. 210, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1341.— c.p. 1959. 

Hab. Very abundant near the sea, and occurring up to an elevation 
of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Loonoo-madala-gass." 

S. suaveolens, DC. (c.p. 1960), is sometimes to be fonnd in the neighbourhood of 
Buddhist temples, in the south of the island, but 1 cannot hear of its occurring truly 
wild. Its roots are much valued by the natives as a tonic medicine, and they attri- 
bute the same properties and give the same name (" Palol ") to those of ^athodea 
adenophylla, which is occasionally found in gardens. 

MUlinfftonia hortensi^ is very common, but in or near cultivated ground, and I 
have no evidence of its being really wild. 



CVIII. CTRTANDBACKaE. 

1. -BSCHYNANTHUS, Jack. 

1. JE. Zeylanica, Gardn, in Calcutta Joum. vol. vi. p. 474 ; Wight, 
Ic. 1. 1347.— An ^&cA. Perrottetii, A. DC. Prod. ix. p. 261, var.P— 
c.p. 1782. 



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€3frti»ndraoe€B,^ ceylon plants. 207 

Hab. Central Ihroyince, ftt an deration of 4000 to 6000 feet 

My specimens differ from the description of JE. Ferrottetii principally in the 

kares being narrower, and acute at the base, and in the C(»olla being externally 

sprinkled widi glandnlar hairs. 

2. DIDYMOCABPUS, WaU. 

1. D. Zeylanica, E. Br. in PI. Jav. Bar. p. 119 ; DC. Prod. ix. p. 266. 
— Z). longipetiolatay Gardn. in Calc. Joum. vi. p. 475 ; Walp. Ann. iii. 
p. 96.— c.p. 352 (395, 1788). 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, near Adam's Peak, at an elevation of 
500O to 6000 feet. 

Folia basi cordata vel rarios snbacuta ; petiolo breviore, seqnilongo vd 2-3-|ilo 
longiore, basi ssepe mfescente. Pedunculi pedicelUque rabri. C^^r flavo-mfeacens, 
lobis lineari-lanceolatis, obtusis. Corolla alba, tubo cyaneo-porpareo. SianUna 
iterilia clavata. Stigma oblique orbiculare, album. 

2. D. Hnmboldtiana, Gardn. I.e. p. 477; Walp. i.e.; Hook. Bot. 
Ma«. t. 4757.— o.p. 1784. 

Var. jS. D. primulcBfolia, Gardn. 1. c. p. 478 ; "Walp. 1. o. ; Hook. Bot. 
Mag. t. 5161.--C.P. 1785. 

Ha3. Common in damp, rocky places in the Central Province and 
elsewliere,.up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

This is a most variable species, and there appears to me to be no permanent cha- 
racter to distinguish B. primulafolia from J). HuTnboldtiana ; and I think it is not 
improbable that I), tomentosa, D. ovalifblia, and I). Rottleriana, are some or all of 
them, varieties of the present plant. 

3. D. floccosa, Thw. ; snbaoanlis; foliis 8-4-ni8, ovatis, crenxdatis, 
snpeme tomentosiii, snbtus pallide ^vo-floocosis, apice rotnndatis vel 
parom acutis, basi in petioh/m alatum, plus minus elongatum angns- 
tatis; cymis compactis ^e^^^^nez^^oque floccoso-tomentosis; lohis oahfdnis 
linearibus, subacutis; corolhs ifwiovaldeventriooso, ore contracto; limbo 
patolo, snbaeqnaliter rotundatim 5-lobo ; ova/rio glandulis sessilibns 
pilisque brevibus consperso. — c.p. 3368. 

Hab. Dolosbage, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Flores, pallide purpurei, 6-7 lin. in eip. 

Tha is principally distinguished from the ]^!«ee^g by the diibmit ekaracter of 
its pubescence, its larger foliage, more compact cymes, and the vaxxtt conteacted 
throat of the coroUa. 

3. CHIBITA, Ham. 

1. O. Mooi^, Gardn. in Calc. Joum. vi. p. 479 ; Hook. Bot. Mag. 
t. 4405 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. ^^.^-—Martmia lanceolata, Moon's Cat. p. 
45.— C.P. 1789. 

Hab. Four Corlee, Moon; Hantani, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

2. O. VITalkeri, Gardn. 1. o. p. 480 ; Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4327 ; Walp. 
l.c.-— c.p, 2843. 

Yar. ^ ; minus pubescens ; ftaribus minoribus.'^M^.p. 54^ 

Hab. Var. a. Eaxawa and "Newera Ellia, up to an elevation of 7000 

feet. Yor. jS. Bdgam Corle, at no great elevataon. 
Var. /S. Calyx 8-A lin. longus. Corolla pollioa(rk, psfiide purpofta. Anthem 

barbate (sicnt in var. a). 



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208 ENUHEBATiON OF [Ck^taiuircteea' 

3. O. ZeyUaica^ Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4182; Walp. Eep. vi. p. 622.— 
C, communis, Gardn. 1. c. p. 481 ; Walp. Ann, iii. p. 98.— c.p. 1788. 

Var. |3 ; foliis lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, minus pubescentibus ; verds 
primariis paucioribus; Jloribus parum minoribus pallidioribosque. — 
c.p. 3437. 

Hab. Var. a. Common in damp forests, upto 6000 feet. Var. fi. At 
the edge of a rivulet in the Smgherajah Forest between Gralle and 
Satnapoora. 

4. KLITGIA, Schlecht. • 

1. K. Notoniana, DC. Prod. ix. p. 276, cnm syn. ; Wi^ht, Ic. t. 
1353 ; Gardn. in Calc. Joum. vi. p. 487. — K. glabra, Gardn. I. c. p. 489. 
—c.p. 1787, 3369. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, on rocks and banks in 
running streams, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Deyanella." 

2. K. Zeylaaica, DC. I.e.; Gardn. l.c. p. 490; Hook. Bot. Mag. 
t. 4620.— C.P. 1786. 

Hab. In similar situations with the last. 

Prsecedenti valde affinis, a qa& foliis floribusqae minoribus, et lodis calycinis inter 
se seqoaliter carinatis, solum ^erre videtur. Varietates forsan species unicse. 



6. EPITHEMA, Blume. 

1. B. camosum, Bentham, (DC. Prod. ix. p. 288.) — M Zeylanica, 
Gardn. in Calo. Joum. vi. p. 492 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1354.— c.p. 2844. 

Hab. Common on damp rocks, in the Central Province, up to an ele- 
vation of 5000 feet. 

Corolla pallide cyaneo-pnrpnrea. 



6. ISANTHERA, Nees. 

1. Z. permoUis, Nees in Trans. Linn. Soc. xvii. p. 82 ; DC. Prod. ix. 
p. 279 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1355. — I. Jlorihunda, Gttrdn. in Calc. Joum. vi. 
p. 483 ; WJp. Ann. iii. p. 99.— c.p. 1670. 

Hab. In damp forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Corolla alba. Anthera flavse. 



7. CHAMPIONIA, Gardn. 
(Calc. Jonm. vi. p. 485 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. 96.) 

1. O. reticulata, G^ardn. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c— C.P. 358. 

H!ab. Saffiragam District, at an elevation of about 3000 feet; not 
uncommon. 

Caulis erectns, 6-12-pollicaris. Folia 2-7 poll, longa, \-\\ poll, lata, petiolo 
^1\ poll, longo. FeduHculi snpe folio longiores, soUtarii vd bini. Flores 4-5 
lin. in ezp. 



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CkmoohnUacetB,'] cbtlon plants. 209 

CIX. SESAMES. 

1. SESAMITM, Linn. 

1. S. Zndicum, Linn. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 250, cum syn. ; Wifi^t, 
Illust. ii. 1. 163.)— c.p. 2023. 

Hab. Jaffiia, Gardner; Trincomale, Bev, 8. O, Glenie. Nom. vulg. 
"Tel-talla." 

ColtiYated in the hot, drier parts of the island, for the sake of the oil yielded by 
the seeds. 

2. PEDALIUM, D. Eoy. 

1. P. Mores, Linn. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 256.)— c.p. 1779. 
Hab. Common near the sea. Nom. vulg. " At-nairenchee." 

BIabttnia diandka' has become qoite naturalized in the north of the island, on 
the coast. 

ex. HTDEOLEACE^. 

1. HYDBOLEA, Linn. 

1. H. Zeylaaica, Vahl, (Choisy in DC. Prod. x. p. 180, cum syn. ; 
Wkht, Ic. t. 601.)— c.p. 1883. 

Var. p. ciliata, Choisy, 1. c. cum svn. — c.p. 1884. 

Hab. Very common in damp places, in the hotter parts of the 
island. Nom. vulg. " Deya-kirilla. * 

CXI. CONVOLVULACEiE. 

1. BIVEA, Choisy. 

1. R. tilisefolia, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 325, cum syn. — Argyreia 
Uli€folia, Wight, Ic. t. 1358.— c.p. 2848. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Ma-banda.^' 

2. R. Zeylanica, Thw. — Ipomcea 2jeylanica, Gtertn. de Fruct. ii. . 
p. 482. t. 178 ; Moon's Cat. p. 14. 

Var. a. populifolia.^^Argyreia populifolia, Choisy, 1. c. p. 329. — 
C.P. 1943. 

Var. p. hirsuta, — S, hirsuta, Wight, Ic. t. 891. Argyreia hirsuta, 
W. et A 5 Choisy, 1. c. p. 330.— c.p. 1944. 

(Var. y. ema/rginata. — 2?. jpomacea, Wight, Ic. t. 888. Argyreia 
pomacea, Choisy, 1. c.) 

Hab. Varr. a and |3. Very abundant, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Girri-tilla." 

I have no Ceylon specimens of var. 7, but it doubtless occurs in the island. 

3. R. omata, Choisy, 1. c. p. 326, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1356.^ 
C.P. 1946. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

2b 



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210 ENUMEBATION OF [ConvolvulacecB. 



2. aAGYREIA, Lour. 

1. A. speciosa, Sweet, (Choisy in DC. Prod. ix. p. 328, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 2849. 

Hab. Central Province, Mr. JS. de Alwis. Nom. vulg. "Maha- 
doomooda." 

2. A. XteschtoaTatii, Choisy, 1. c. p. 329, cum syn.— c.p. 1932. 
Hab. Batticaloa, Gardner, ^ 

3. A. splendens, Sweet, (Choisy, 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 2845. 
Hab. Hantani District, Gardner. 

4. A. eUiptica, Choisy, 1. c. p. 330, cutn syn.--c.p. 1933. 
Hab. Central Province ; not uncommon. 

6. A. hancornisefoUa, Gardn. MS. ; foliis glabris, ellipticis vel 
ovatis, acuminatis, arete parallelim venosis, basi rotundatis ; pedurhctdis 
solitariis, unifloris, axillaribus terminalibusque, ^etiolo brevioribus, 
medio bibracteatis ; hra^teis valde caducis ; fructibus camosis, obovato- 
oblongis, apiculatis. — c.p. 1924. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Hamuli junior es^ cum fetiolis pedunculisQ^ty adpresse fulvo-pilosi. Folia sub- 
coriacea, 2-34 poU' longa> 1^-1} poll- lata, petiolo tenui, f-1 poll, longo. Sepala 
ovata, subacuta, 2-8 lin. longa. Corolla purpurea, tudo pauun inflate, limbo 1^ 
poll, in exp. 

6. A. ap^egata, Choisy, 1. c. p. 333, cum syn. — Lettsomia aggregata, 
Eoxb. Wiffht, Ic. t. 1359.— c.p. 1945. 

Hab. Aounda t in the hot, drier parts of the island. 



3. BATATAS, Eumph. 

1. B. panicnlata, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 339, cum syn. — 
c.p. 499. 

Hab. Colombo, Mr. W. Ferguson. JS"om. vulg. " Kirri-baddoo." 

2. B. Clioisyana, Wight, Ic. t. 491. — An Convolvulus atropurpureus. 
Wall. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 54; Plant. As. Ear. p. 38. t. 43 P— c.p. 3647. 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

The only specimen of this plant I possess agrees very "well with Wight's figure', 
but the shape of the corolla would appear to be so very unlike that of Wallich's 
plant, that, takiug the* difference of locality also into consideration, 1 suspect they 
must be distinct, though Choisy, in DC. Prod. p. 366, describes them as one species, 
under the name of Ipomaa atropurpurea. 

Batatas edulis, Choisy, is abundantly cultivated as a vegetable. B. pentaphylla 
is common in gardens, and Quamoclit coccinea and Q. vulgaris are also common 
garden plants. 

4. PHABBITIS, Choisy. 

1. P. Nil, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 343, cum syn.— c.p. 1938. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Pharbitis Learii, Hook., has no claim to be considered indigenous to Ceylon. 



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Convolvulacets.} CBTLOW PLANTS. 211 



5. CALONYCTION, Choisy. 

1. O. speciosam, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 345, cumsyn. ; Wight, 
Ic. 1. 1361.— c.p. 3648. 

Hab. Abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"Alanga." 

A plant (c.p. 8580), closely allied to tlie present, though probably a distinct 
species, having longer, more fleshy pedicels, and smaller and purple flowers, is culti- 
vated by the Cinghalese, who eflt the pedicels in their curries. It is said to be not 
truly indigenous. 

2. C? comospermam, Boj. (Choisy, I.e. p. 346.)— c.p. 3536. 
Hab. Jaffna, Gardner; Dichwelle, near Matura, close to the sea. 
Flanta tota glabra. Peduneuli uniflori. Sepala obtusa, muli<:i vel mucronulata, 

demum poUicaria. Corolla magna, alba. Semina nigra, seniipoUicaria, margine 
longiuscule lanata. 

Can this be the Bivea kypocrateriformisy Choisy, as regards tLc Trincomale plant ? 
It appears to me to be a true species of Ipojruea. 



6. IPOMCBA, Linn. 

1. Z. reptansi Poir. (Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 349, cum syn.) — c.p. 
3535. 

Hab. On the borders of tanks in the hot, drier parts of the island ; 
also cultivated as a vegetable by the Cinghalese. Nom. vulg. " Kang- 
koong." 

2. X. Pes-Oaproe, Sw. (Choisy, 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1934. 

Hab. Very abundant near the sea. Som. vulg. "Moodoo-bin- 
tambooroo.** 

3. X. rugosa, Choisy, 1. c. p. 350, cum syn. — c.p. 2854. 

Hab. Very abundant in damp fields. !Nom. vulg. " Bin-tambooroo." 

4. X. reniformis, Choisy, 1. c. p. 351, cum syn. — c.p. 3579. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

5. X. UttoraUs, Blume, (Choisy, 1. c. p. 352.)— c.p. 1939. 
Hab. GaUe, near the sea. 

6. X. tridentata^ Eoth, (Choisy, 1. c. p. 353, cum syn.)— c.p. 1929. 
Var. jS. I, filicaulis, Blume, (Choisy, 1. c. cum syn.) — c.p. 1930. 

Hab. Very abxmdant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Hawaree-maddoo.'* 

The two varieties of this plant pass imperceptibly into one another, so that it is 
often impossible to determine to which of the two some specimens should be referred. 

7. X. campannlata, Linn. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 359, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1375.)— c.p. 2847. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

In general appearance this species closely resembles the more common Bivea 
tiliafoliay but the flowers are handsomer, the leaves less deeply cordate, and the 
fruit very diflerent. 

8. X. jucnnda, Thw. ; foliis rotundato-cordatis, longiuscule acimii- 
natis, supeme glabris, subtus tomenteUis glanduloso-punctulatisque ; 
pedunculis unifloris, petiolo subaequilongis ; sepalis oblongis, subacutis, 



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212 BVTTMESATioir OF [CoiwolmUacea, 

exteme plus mmos pilosis ; seminihus pilis sericeis longis olivaceis om- 
nino dense tectis.— c.p. 3448. 

Hab. Dolosbage District ; rare. 

Ingens, alte scandens. Captula ovoidea, ^ poll, longa, sfyli base apicnlata, sepalis 
poUicaribiu parum reflexis snffalta. CoroUam nondum vidi. 

9. X. Turpethmn, E. Br. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 360, cum syn.) — L <mcep8, 
E. et Sch. ; Choisy, 1. c— c.p. 3649. 

Hab. Hatter parts of the island. Nom. vtdg. " Trasta-waaloo." 
The roots of this plant are employed by the CinglnleBe as a cathartic. 

10. X. Pes-Ti|n^dis, Linn, (Choisy, 1. c. p. 363, cum syn. ; 'Wight, 
Ic. t. 836.)— C.P. 1942. 

Var. |3. L hepaticifblia, Linn. ; Choisy, 1. o. cmn syn. 
H!ab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. Var. /3. 
Colombo, Jkb; W, Ferguson, Nom. vulg. **Diwi-addeeya." 

11. X. "VITifflitii, Choisy, 1. c. p. 364, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1364.— 
C.P. 2851. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. 

12. X. pileata, Eoxb. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 365, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 
1363.)— C.P. 3501. 

Hab. Peradenia ; not common. 

13. X. sessiliflora, Eoth, (Choisy, l.c. p. 366, cum syn.; Wight, lo. 
1. 169.)— C.P. 3107. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

14. X. obscnra, Bot. Eeg. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 370, cum syn.)— c.p. 1935. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

15. X". sepiaria, Konig, (Choisy, 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t, 838.) — 
C.P. 1937. 

Var. /3. 8agittata.'--c.T, 2859. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

16. X. cymosa, E. et Sch. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 371, cum syn.) — c.p. 1931. 
Hab. Common throughout the island. Nom. vulg. " Maddoo." 

17. X. ebryneide; Bot. Eeg. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 382, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. 1. 157.)— c.p. 1940. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island ; not common. 

18. X. Coptica, Eoth, (Choisy, l.c. p. 384, cum syn.)— c.p. 1928. 
Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

19. X. palmata, Forsk. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 386, cum syn.) — I, pulchella, 
Eoth; Choisy, I.e.; Wight, Ic. t. 156.)— c.p. 3387. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

7. ANISEIA, Choisy. 

1. A. vniflora, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 431, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 850.— c.p. 3006. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

8. SHTTTEBEIA, Choisy. 

1. S. bicolor, Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 435, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 835.— c.p. 1970. 



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Boraginaceis.'] cetlon plaitts. 213 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

9. BKEWEBIA, E. Br. 

1, B. Roxbvrgliii, Choisy, in DC, Prod, ix, p. 438, cum syn. ; Wicht, 
Ic. t. 1370.--C.P. 2853. 
Hab. South of the island ; not uncommon. 

1(). CBESSA, Linn. 

1. O. Cretica, linn. O Indica; Choisy, in DC. Prod. ix. p. 440.)— 
O.P. 1926. 
Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

11. EVOLVITLUS, Linn. 

1. E. alsinoides, Linn. (Choisy in DC. Prod. ix. p. 447, cum syn.)— 
c.p. 1926. 

Hab. Common throughout the island, in hot, dry places. Nom. vulg. 
" Visnoo-Kraanta." 

TRIBE CUSCUTEM 
12. CUSCUTA, Toum. 

1. O. reflexa, Eoxb. (Choisy in DC. Prod. ix. p. 454, cum syn. ; 
Hook. Ex. Fl. 1. 150.)— c.p. 1922. 

Hab. Upon stems of, apparently, Wendlcmdia Notoniana, Newera 
Elha, Oard/ner. 

2. O. Chinensis, Lam. (Choisy, 1. c. p. 457, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1373.)— c.p. 611. 

Hab. Colombo, on stems of Ach^ranthes aspera. 



CXII. EETCIBEiE. 

1. BBYCIBB, Eoxb. 

1'. B. panicnlata, Eoxb. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 464, cum syn.)— c.p. 1881. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island, up to an elevation 
of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Atta-meeriya." 



CXIII. B0EA(3HNACEiE. 

TRIBE COBDIUM 

1. COBDIA, Plum. 

Sectio Myda, Endl. 

1. O. BSyza, Linn. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 479, cum syn. ; Wight, Illust. ii. 
1. 169.)— c.p. 3650. 



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214 BKUMEBATION OF \^Boraginac€€B, 

Var. jS mi7ior;JbUiifructihusque xninoribtifl.--c.p. 1880. An species 
distincta P 

Hab. Var. a. Central Province, etc. Var. fi. Hot, drier parts of 
the island. Norn. vnlg. " Loloo." 

Var. bears a very great general resemblanoe to var. o, but a more cansM exa&ii- 
nation of fresh specimens may possibly prove it to be distinct. With the materials 
I have at present, I can discover no essential difference between the two plants. 

2. O. oblon^olia, Thw. ; foliis glabris, oblongis, brevi-acuminatis, 
minutissime reticulato-venulosis, basi subacutis, longiuscule petiolatis ; 
paniculis terminalibus, parce pilosis ; calyce cylindrico, 3-5-dentato, 
interne villoso ; corolla 5-7-loba ; lohis oblongis, reflexis ; tuho calyce 
seqmlongo ; fructibus majusculis, rotundatis, acuminatis. — c.p. 2696. 

Hab. Central Province, up to ^n elevation of 2000 feet. 

Subscandens. Hamuli teretes, glabri. 'Folia 2-5 poll, longa, 1-2^ poU. lata, 
petiolo pollicari, e basi tumida, subhamata oriente et cum eadem articulato. Calf/z 
4 lin. longus. Styltcs profimde bis bifidus. Fructtts subpoUicaris, calyce aucto sub- 
integro suffultus. 

3. O. diversa, Thw. ; foliis ovatis, parum acuminatis, basi rotundatis, 
trinerviis, supeme scaberrimis, subtus fusco-tomentosis ; paniculis ter- 
minalibus, paucifloris, tomentosis ; calyce obconico. — c.p. 1954. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Hamuli juniores tomentosi. Folia 2-4i poll, longa, 1-2^ poll, lata, petiolo i-1 
poll, longo. Cali^x 3 lin. longus, 3-4-dentatu8, exteme prsecipue versus apicem to- 
mentosus, interne glaber. Corolla glabra, calyce parum longior, 5-loba. Stylus 
profunde bis bifidus. Fructus rotundatus, semipoUicaris, calyce aucto scabro irre- 
gulariter dentato suffultus. 

TRIBE EHRETIEM. 
2. EHRETIA, Linn. 

1. B. Isevis^ Eoxb. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 505, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1382.)— c.p. 1879. 

Hab. Common in the drier parts of the island. 

2. B. buxifoUa, Eoxb. (DC. Prod. p. 509, cum syn.)— c.p. 1885. 
Hab. Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Noin. vulg. 

" Heen-tambala." » 

3. BHABIDIA, Martins. 

1. R. viminea. — Ehretia ? viminea, Wall. ; DC. Prod. ix. p. 509. 
JE. (xeroderma) cuneata, Wight, Ic. t. 1385. — c.p. 3491. 
Hab. Ambagamowa District ; not common. 
Flores roseo-purpurei. Stigma bilobum. 

4. TOURNEFORTIA, Linn. 

1. T. ar^entea, Linn. f. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 514, cum syn.) — c.p. 1882. 
Hab. South of the island, close, to the sea. 

Sectio Tetrandra, DC. 

2. T. WaUichii, DC. 1. c. p. 527, cum syn.— c.p. 2697. 



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Baraginacea.'} cetlok plants. 215 

Hab. Southern and Central Provinces, np to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Corolla pallide flavo-yiridis. Fructiis camosus, ovatus, glabcr, circitcr 2 lin. 
longus, albido-rafescens. 

The sessile, tetramerous flowers distinguish this from the T. reticosa, Wighl, which 
in general appearance it very much resembles. 

TRIBE HELIOTROFLE^. 
5. HELIOTROPIUM, Toum. 

1. H. snpinam, Linn. — ^ Malaharicum, Benth. ; DC. Prod. ix. p. 
533 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1387.— c.p. 2854. 

Hab^ Sorth of the island, Gardner, 

2. H. marifoUnm, Eetz, (DC. 1. c. p. 547 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1390.)— An 
mscahrum, et S. EottUri, Wight, Ic. tt. 1389, 1392 P— c.p. 1889, 1891. 

Hab. Common on the borders of paddy-fields, in the hotter parts of 
the island. 

A very variable plant, and I suspect that Dr. Wight's three figures, quoted above^ 
represent three forms only of it. 

3. H. linifoUnm, Lehm. (DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1391.)— 
c.p. 1886. 

Hab. Jaffna, Ga/rdner, 

I have not met with any plant in the island corresponding with the fignre of H. 
Zejflanicum, Burm. M. Ind. t. 16. f. 2. 

6. HELIOPHYTTJM, DC. 

Sectio Tiaridium. 

1. H. Zndicnm, DC. Prod. ix. p. 556, cum syn. — Tiaridium Indicum, 
Lehm.; Wight, Ulust. ii. 1. 171.— c.p. 1893. 

Var. ^. foliis minoribus ; corollcB tubo longiore quam in var. a. — c.p. 
1894. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. Var. /S. Bintenne, 
Gardner. 

7. COLDENIA, Linn. 

1. O. iMTOcambens, Linn. (DC. Prod. ix. p. 558, cum syn.) — c.p. 1890. 
Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 



TRIBE BORAGEJE. 
8. CYNOGLOSSUM, Toum. 

1. O. micrantlinm, Desf. (DC. Prod. x. p. 149, cum syn.) — C ovatum. 
Moon's Cat. — c.p. 143. 

Hab. Conmion in waste places throughout the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Boo-kattoo-handa.** 

2. O. furcatnm. Wall. (DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1395.)— 0. 
decurrens /, Moon's Cat. p. 12. — c.p. 1892. 

Hab. Common in the most elevated parts of the island. 



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216 BNUMBBATION OF ISoliMaeea. 

Folia caulina semiamplexicaulia yd plus minuB decnrrentia. Corolla cyaneo- 
purpurea. 

As remarked by Dr. Wight, the present plant is yery closely allied to C. micranihum, 
and the-two may possibly prove to be varieties only of one species. 

9. TBICHODESMA, E. Br. 

1. T. Zndiciun, E. Br. (DC. Prod. x. p. 172, cum syn.; Wight, 
Ulust. ii. 1. 172.)— c.p. 1887. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner; Trincomale, Bev. 8, 0, Qlenie, 

2. T. Zeylanicnm, E. Br. (DC. 1. c.)— «c.p. 1888. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 



CXIV. SOLANACKS:. 
1. SOLANUM, Toum. 

1. 8. nignun, Linn. — 8, rubrum, Eoxb. Wight, Ic. t. 344. — c.p. 2866. 
Hab. Common throughout the island. Nom. vulg. "£aloo-kang- 

waireya." 

2. 8. Terbascifoliiun, linn. (Duval in DC. Prod. xiii. p. 114, cum 
syn. ; Wiffht, Ic. 1. 13980— c.p. 1902. 

Hab. Common ip the Central Province. Nom. vulg. " Hakkarilla." 

3. 8. auricnlatom, Ait. (Dun. 1. c. p. 115, cum syn.)— c.p. 3525. 
Hab. Common in cultivated ground, and also called " HakkariUa.'* 

4. 8. imbesceiui, Willd. (Wight, Ic. t. 1402.)— c.P. 1901. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

5. 8. membraiuuseiun, Wall. (Dun. 1. c. p. 143.)— c.p. 1900. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

6. 8. denticidatnm, Blume, (Dun. 1. c. p. 181 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1397.) 
— ^Var. calyce 5-dentato. — c.p. 2864. 

Hab. Iu>t uncommon in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 5000 feet. 

This so closely resembles, except in the fewer teeth of its calyx, Wight's figure 
quoted above, that I cannot venture to describe it as a distinct species. It is very 
nearly allied, too, to 8. tnembranaceum, but is much more hairy, and has larger 
flowers and fruit : they may possibly, however, be varieties of one species. 

7. 8. ferox^ linn. (Dun. 1. c. p. 255, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1399.) 
—c.p. 2868. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. " MaJla- 
battoo." 

The ripe fruit is eaten by the Cinghalese. 

8. 8. gigantemn, Jacq. (Dun. 1. c. p. 258, cxmi syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 
893.)— c.p. 1903. 

Hab. Matturatte and Eambodde, in the Central Province, at an ele- 
vation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

9. 8. torvum, Linn. (Dun. 1. c. p. 260, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 345.) 
—c.p. 2867. 

Hab. Common on waste ground in the Central Province. 



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8crophulariace<B.'\ cbylon plants. 217 

10. S. trilobattun, Linn. (Dun. 1. c. p. 287, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
854.)— c.p. 1906. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. "Wal-tibbootoo." 

■ 11. 8. xanthocarpmn, Schrad. et Wendl. (Dun. 1. c. p. 302, cum syn.) 
—8. diffusum, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 250.— c.p. 1907. 

Var. iS. Jacquinu—S, Jacquini, Willd. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1401.— C.P. 1905. 

Hab. Common throughout the warmer parts of the island. Nom. 
Tulg. Var. o. "Ella-battoo." Var. p. " Kattoo-wel-battoo." 

The fruit of yarr. a and is eaten by the Cinghalese. Every part of var. Ib 
used medicinally. 

12. 8. Zndicnm, Linn. (Nees ; Dun. 1. c. p. 309, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 346.)— c.p. 1904. 

Hab. Very abundant in waste places throughout the island. Nom. 
Tulg. "Tibbootoo." 

The nnripe froit is eaten, after being boiled, by the Cinghalese. 

Solanum esculentum, Dan., and several species and varieties of Capsicum, are 
commonly cultivated as vegetables and condiments. 

2. FHYSALIS, Linn. 
(Nom. vulg. "Mottoo.") 

1. P. minima, Linn. (Dunal in DC. Prod. xiii. p. 445, cum syn.) — 
P. Indica, Lam. ; Dun. 1. c. p. 443. P. Hermanni, Dun. 1. c. p. 444. — 
c.p. 2866. 

Hab. Common in waste and cultivated ground in the warmer parts 
of the island. 

2. P. ang^ilata, linn. (Dun. 1. c. p. 449, cum syn.) — c.p. 1898. 
Hab. Frequent in similar situations with the last. 

3. WITHANLA., Duval. 

1. IV. Bomnifera, Dun. in DC. Prod. xiii. p. 453, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 853.— c.p. 3661. 
Hab. Common in cultivated ground. Nom. vulg. " Amookkara." 
The whole plant is used as a medicine by the Cinghalese. 

4. DAT17BA, Linn. 
(Nom. vulg. "Attana.") 

1. D. ftkstnosa, linn. (Dun. in DC. Prod, xiii.' p. 542, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1396.)— o.p. 1897. 

Hab. Very common in waste and cultivated ground. 

The flowers of this variable species are frequently quite white. May not L. Metel, 
Linn.« be a variety only of the present plant P 



CXV. SCROPHULARIACE.E. 

1. CELSIA»Linn. 

1. C. Coromandeliana, Yahl, (Bentham in DC. Prod. x. p. 246, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1406.)— c.p. 2021. 

2f 



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218 ENUiCEBATiON OF \_8crophulariac€(B. 

Hab. North of the island, Ga/rdner. 

2. LINDENBEBGIA, Lehm. 

1. Zi. nrticttfolia, Lehm. (Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 377, cum syn.) 
Hab. Ceylon, Champion {Hh, ffook.). 

3. PTEROSTIQMA, Benth. 

1. P. Tmosom, Benth. 1. c. p. 380, cum syn.— c.p. 2041 (723, 2054). 
Hab. South of the island, common. 

2. P. capitattun, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 2880. 
Hab. South of the island. Nom. vulg. " Gona Kola." 

The CiDghalese frequently chew the leaves of this plant with their betel. 

4. LIMNOPHILA, E. Br. 

1. Zi. serrata, Gaud. (Benth. 1. o. jp. 387, cum syn.) — L. conferta, 
Benth. 1. c. cum syn. L. micrantha, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 2049. 

Hab. Very abundant in paddy-fields and wet places. 

2. It. hirsuta^ Benth. 1. c. p. 388, cum syn. — An i. villosa, BL, Benth. 
1. c. P An X. diffuses, G. Don, Benth. 1. c. var. P— c.p. 2040. 

Hab. Common in similar situations with the last. 

3. Zi. punctata^ Bl. (Benth. 1. c. p. 388, cum syn.) — i. erecta, Benth. 
1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 2035, 535. 

Hab. Very common in wet places. 

4. Zi. sratioloides, B. Br. (Benth. 1. c. p. 389, cum Bjn.,) — L. Box- 
hurghii, G. Don; Benth. 1. c. p. 388.— c.p. 2038. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

5. Zi. sesBiliflora^ Bl. (Benth. 1. c.)— i. heterophi/Ua, Benth. 1. c. p. 
390, cum syn.~c.p. 2037, 2389 (2039). 

Hab. Very abundant. 

6. Zi. racemosay Benth. 1. c. p. 390, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 861. — 
c.P. 2036, 2996. 

Hab. Abundant in the warmer parts of the island. 

6. HEBFESTIS, Gssrtn. f. 

1. ZZ. florlbimda, E. Br. (Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 400, cum syn.) — 
O.P.2881. 

Hab. Cultura, Moon, 

2. ZZ. Monnieria, H.B.K. (Benth. 1. c. cum syn.) — c.P. 2031. 
Hab. Very abundant in wet places. Nom. vulg. " Loonoo Weela." 
Used as a medicine for children. 

6. DOPATRIUM, Ham. 

1. D. nudicaale, Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 407, cum syn.— C.p. 2046. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parte of the island. 



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Scrophulariacea.l cbylon plants. ' 219 

2. D. lobeUoides, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 859. — c.P. 2042 
(2043). 

HxB. Common in the hotter parts of the island, in wet places. 

3. D. jnncemn^ Ham. (Benth. 1. c.)— C.P. 2044. 
Hab. Very abundant. 

This plant, notwitlistanding the great difference in the size of the flowers, is per^ 
haps scsurcely specifically distinct from the preceding. 

7. ABTANEMA, Don. 

1. A. BeBamoidesy Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 408, cum syn. ; Wight 
Ic. t. 1410.— C.P. 2024. 
Hab. Very common, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

8. TOBENIA, linn. 

1. T. iksiatica, linn. (Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 410, cum syn.)— T. 
hirsuta. Ham. ; Benth. L o. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 862. — c.P. 2032. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

A yery variable species, and I suspect that the following is bat a form of it. 

2. T. rnbens, Benth. 1. c— C.P. 2033. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

9. VANDELLIA, linn. 

1. V. crastacea, Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 413, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 863.— c.P. 2048 (2052). 

Hab. Very abundant in paddy-fields and other wet places. 

2. V. multiflora, G. Don, (Benth. 1. c. cum syn.) — F. hirsuta, Ham. ; 
Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 3309. 

Hab. Near Komegalle. 

3. V. Bcabra, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 2885. 
Hab. Very common in moist ground. 

4. V. pedtmcnlata, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 652.* 
Hab. Abundant in paddy-fields, etc. 

5. V. angnstifolia, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.P. 2884. 
Hab. Cultura, Moon, 

10. ILYSANTHES, Eafin. 

1. Z. lijBBopioideBy Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 419, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 857. — L parvijlora, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. /. rottmdifolia, Benth. 
L c^. 420, cum sjrn.— c.P. 2047, 3111. 

Hab. Common in paddy-fields. 

The plants I have ventured to unite under this species merge so completely into 
one another, that 1 cannot separate them. 

11. BONNAYA, Link and Otto. 
(Norn. vulg. "Weela.") 
1. B. Teronicttfolia, Spr. (Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 421, cum syn.) 

* c.P. 652 in Herb. Hook, is IlysofUhes hyssopioides, Benth.^-ED. 



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220 BNUMBBiLTiON OP {Scrophulariiieea. 

— ^. grandiflora, Spr. ; Benth. 1. c. cum syn. B, verberuBfolia, Spr. ; 
Benth. 1. c. cum syn.— c.P. 3084, 2060, 2051. 

Hab. Abundant in paddy-fields, etc. 

Au extremely yariable plant ; and further investigation will probably determine 
tbe following as well as the other described species of this genus to be forms only of 
one. 

2. B. tenoifoUa, Spr. (Benth. 1. o. p. 422.)— o.p. 2883. 
Hab. Central Ppovmce, Macrae. 

12. MICBOCABFJEA, E. Br. 

1. M. mnscosa, E. Br. (Benth. in DC. Prcwi. x. p. 433, cum syn.)— 
C.P. 2728. 
Hab. Not uncommon in moist ground. 

13. BUCHNEBA, Linn. 

1. B. hispida^ Ham. (Benth. 1. c. p. 496, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1413.) 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker {Hb. HooL). 

14. STBIGA, Linn. 

1. 8. hinrata, Benth. in DC. Pr. x. p. 502, cum syn.— c.P. 2028, 2886. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

This species has larger flowers when growing on the hills, than when it occurs in 
the low country. 

2, 8. enphrasioides, Benth. 1. c. p. 503, cum syn. — JBuchnera euphra- 
sioides, Wight, Ic. t. 855.— c.P. 2887. 

Var. ^ ; minus hirsuta, caule elongato, foliis floralihus breyioribua, 
calyce 15-co8tato, denique fisso. — c.P. 2029 (2030, 2031). 

Hab. Var. a. Bintenne, Gardner. Var. jS. Very common in swampy 
places in the hotter parts of the island. 

Floras albi. 

15. SOPUBIA, Ham. 

1. 8. delphinifolia^ G. Don, (Benth. in DC. Prod. x. p. 522, cum 

syn.)— c.P. 2022. 
Hab. Common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

2. 8. trifida, Ham. (Benth. 1. c. cum syn.) — c.P. 525. 

Hab. Abimdant at Newera Ellia and other of the more elevated parts 
of the Central Province. 

16. CENTBANTHBBA, E. Br. 

1. O. Brnnoniana^ Wall. (Benth. in DC. Prod. i. p. 525.)— C. pro- 
cumbens, Benth. 1. c— c.P. 2026 (2027). 

Hab. Common in grassy wet places, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Dootoo-satootoo." 

2. O. bispida, R. Br. (Benth. 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. ! 



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Orobanchacea.'i gbtlok plants. 221 

Hab. In similar situations with the preceding species, but not so 
common. 

3. O. hnmifasa, Wall. (Benth. 1. c. cum syn.)— c.p. 2888. 
Hab. South of the island. 

17. PEDICULABIS, linn. 

1. P. Zeylaaica, Benth. in DC. x. p. 680; Wight, Ic. t. 1419.— 
C.P. 229.- 

Hab. Abundant at Newera Ellia, Horton Plains, and other of the 
more elevated parts of the Central Province. 



CXVI. OROBANCHACEiE. 
1. iEGHNBTIA, linn. 

Calyx spathaceus vel tubulosus irregulariter fissusque. Anthens 
cohaerentes ; stiperiores uniloculares ; ir^erwres biloculares, uno loculo 
sterili, oblongo, apiculato. 

1. J9B. Zndica, Eoxb. (Eeuter in DC. Prod. xi. p. 43, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 896.)— c.p. 1778. 

Hab. Hantani, Macrae. 

2. J9E. acauUs, Walp. (Rent. 1. c. cum syn. P) 

Var. a ; calyce spathaceo, ramis jpUicenttB parce irregulariter lobatis. 
—c.p. 3636. 

Var. iS ; calyce breviore, tubuloso, 2-5-dentato, ramis jplacenta non 
lobatis.— c.p. 2972. 

Hab. Var. a. Below Hapootelle, amongst Andropogon Schcenanthtis, 
Var. p. Rambodde District. 

Corolla (var. 0) albida, limbo ad marginem pulcherrime violaceo-pnrpureo, labio 
inferiore interne ad faucem aorantiaco. 

Yarr. a and are probably distinct species, but I have not sufficient materials 
as regards var. a to enable me to determine this point satisfactorily. Var. forms, 
with Christisonia unicolor, a connecting link between the present, and the next 
genns. 

2. CHRISTISONIA, Gardner. 

(Calcutta Joum. of Nat. Hist. viii. p. 153. Christisonia, "Wight ; et forsan 
Campbelliay "Wight, et Oligopholis^ Wight, Ic.) 

Calyx tubulosus, 6-dentatu8. Stamina didynama. Anthera cohae- 
rentes, bilocidares, singularum uno loculo sterili, subulseformi, porrecto. 

1. C. srandiflora, Gardn. 1. c. p. 166.— C.P. 3086. 

Hab. " Parasitic on the root ot a large Acanthaceous shrub, on the 
ascent to Adam's Peak from Batnapoorah, at an elevation of about 
60(X) feet, March," Gardner. 

Caulis glaber, squamosus, parce ramosus, 2-3-pollicaris ; ramis 1-3-floris. 
Squama ovatsc, subacutse, fuscee, circiter 4 lin. longee. Pedicelli teretes, ebracteo- 
lati, pollicares. Calyx 5-angularis, 9 lin. longus, dentibus lanceolatis, sequalibus, 
3 lin. longis. Corolla circiter 3 poll, louga; limho roseo, 2 poll, in exp. ; lohis cre- 
uatii, inferiore >id faucem croceo. 5^<rOTt«« inclusa. — A deieript. cl. Gardner excerpt. 



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222 BNUiusBiLTioN ov . IPodostemocea, 

This is, I suspect, a form ouly of the following species, the only i^eal difference 
appearing to be in the size and colour of the flowers j for the character derived firom 
the position of the sterile loculus of the anthers is a fallacious one, this being, in all 
the species of the genus I have examined in a fresh state, porrected and nearly hori- 
zontal. 



2. O. tricolor^ Gtffdn. 1. o. p. 156. — c.p. ! 
Hab. Central Province, at an eleration of 3000 to 4000 feet ; parasitic 

on roots of Acantkacets, Oa/rdmer, 

Caulis glaber, squamosus, parce ramosus, 1-3-pollicaris ; ramis 1-2-floris. Pedi- 
eelli teretes, ebracteolati, rufescentes, poUicares. Calyx 5-angularis, rufescens, 8 lin. 
longus ; dentibtis eequalibus, lanceolatis, acutis, 3 lin. longis. Corolla circiter 2^ poll, 
longa ; tubo infundibuliformi, fauce lutea ; limbo 1-li poll, in ezp. ; lobit 2 superio- 
ribus denticulatis, sanguineis, 3 inferioribus subcrenatis, pallide roseis. Stamina 
iuclusa. — Gardner. 

3. O. bicolor, Gardn. 1. c. p. 160.— o.p. 3108. 

Var. fi, pallidiflora, — C pallida, Gardn. 1. c. p. 159. — c.p. 1781. 
Hab. In similar situations with the last, Lear, Gardmer, 
Caulis simplex, 3-6 poll, longus, verrucoso-hispidus, apicem versus rufescens, sub- 
Isevis squamosusque. Squama ovatse, acutae, circiter 4 lin. longse, pilosulse. Plorea 
racemosi, saepissime 6-6. Pedicelli 1-8 lin. longi, bibracteolati. Calyx tubulosus, 
pilosulus, rufescens, circiter 8 lin. longus ; dentibtu seqnalibus, acutis, circiter 1 lin. 
longis. Corolla infundibuliformis, sesquipollicans, paUide roseo, plus minus flaves- 
cens, vel omnino flava ; limbo 1-li poU. in exp., lobis undulatis. Stamina inclusa ; 
filamentis glanduloso-pilosis. — A descrip, cl. Gardn, pradpue excerpt, 

4. O. tmicolor, Gardn. 1. c. p. 161.^ An Cam^phellia cytinoides, 
Wight, Ic. t. 1425, cum syn. P— c.p. 2971, P 1780. 

Hab. Himasgiria Bange, Lear. Eambodde, at an elevation of 3000 
to 4000 feet. 

Tota planta flava. Caulis simplex, glaber, angnlaris, squamosus, 1-3-pollicaris, 
ad basin verrucoso-hispidus. Sqttama subrotnndse, 3-6 lin. longse. Flores race- 
mosi, ssepissime 5-6. Pedicelli 2-8 lin. longi, ebracteolati. Calyx poUicaris, angn- 
laris, irregulariter acute 5-dentatus. Corolla infundibuliformis, 1^-2 poll, longa ; 
lobis integris, parnm reflexis. Stamina exserta ; filamentis glabris ; antherarum su- 
periorum loculo sterili parvo. Placenta migusculaB. ' 



CXVII. PODOSTEMACE^. 

1. DICBiEAy Pet. Th. 

1. D. elongrata, Tulasne in Ann, des Sci. Nat. (s^r. 3), vol. ii. p. 102. 
Walp. Ann. iii. p. 437 ; Wight, Ic. t. IdV-l.—Podostemon ehmgatus, 
Gardner in Calc. .Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 188. — c.p. 2259. 

Hab. Rocks in the bed of the Mahawelle Ganga, near Kandy, 
Gardner, Fl. January to March. 



2. PODOSTEMON, Mich. 

1. P. Bubnlatniii, Gardn. 1. c. p. 184; Wight, Ic. 1. 1918-1 ; Tulasne, 
1. c. p. lOd.— P. dendroides, Thw. MS. in Hb. Hook.— c.p. 3088, 3366. 

Hab. Eocks in the Mahawelle Ganga. Fl. January to March, 
Gardner. 



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Aeanthace€B.'] obtlon plants. 223 

2. P. Osrdnerl, Harrey, MS. ; caule siinplici, terete, glabro, foliis 
plurmiis capillaceis coronate. — c.p. 2989. 

Hab. On the membranaceous rhizomes of Syd/rohryum oUvaceum, 
TnL In a rapid mountain stream at Bambodde, Oct. 1853, Dr. W, R, 
Harvey, 

Caulis l-l-poUicaris. Folia 1^2 poll, longa, delicatnla, nigro-viridia, enenroea. 
Liflorescentia ignota. 

Until its inflorescence has been discoyered,'8ome donbt mnst remain to which 
genns of the present family this plant is to be referred, and mj attempts to trace its 
farther development firom the state described aboye, have been hitherto nnsuccessfnl. 
Can it possibly be an early stage of growth of Hydrobryum olivaceum ? 

3. HYDBOBBYUM, Endl. 

1. K. oUraeevmy Tul. 1. c. p. 104 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. 439.— Po<fo*<e- 
mon olivacenm, Gardn. 1. c. p. 181. — c.p. 3065. 

Hab. On rocks in the Manawelle Ganga, and large mountain streams 
in the Central Province, Gardner. Fl. January to March. 

4. D/VTiZiViLLIA, Wight, Ic. vol. v. par. ii. p. 34. 
{Lawia, Tdasne. MwianthuSy Walp.) 

1. D. Ceylanica, Wight, Ic. t. 1919-1. — Lawia Zeylanica, Tul. 1. c. 
p. 112. Mnianthus Zeylanieus, Walp. 1. c. p. 443. Tnsticha Ceylanica, 
Gardn. 1. c. p. 177.— c.p. 3089. 

Hab. On rocks in the MahaweUe Ganga, near Kandy, Gardner, 

CXVIII. ACANTHACEiE.* 

[The Indian AcantAacea being in process of examination and re-arrangement at 
Eew, by Dr. Thomas Anderson, F.L.S., of the Bengal Medical Service, ¥^o is pre- 
paring a new classification of the Order for the Linnsean Society of London, Mr. 
Thwaites has, at my suggestion, gladly availed himself of the opportunity of placing 
his enumeration of the Ceylon species (which was arranged according to Nees's me- 
thod) in Dr. Anderson's hands. The latter gentleman has kindly devoted some weeks 
to the study of every species and its synonyms, and has classified the whole in accord- 
ance with his forthcoming 'Systema Novum Acanthacearum.' I have added the 
initials G. Thw. and T. A. to various paragraphs where doubts may arise as to the 
exact authority for the observations they contain.'* — J. L. H.'\ 

SUBORD. 1. THUNBEROILEM—^tivatio corolla contorta. Semina 
eupuld suffulta. Planta scandentea, 

TRIB. THUNBERGLEJS. 
1. THUNBERGUA, Linn. fil. 

1. T. eocciiiea, Wall. Tent. Fl. '^e^.—Hexacentris, N. ab E. in Wall. 
PI. As. Ear. ; DC. Prod. xi. p. 61, cmn. syn. 

Macrae's specimens, referred to by Nees von Esenbeck, were collected in the Bo- 
tanic Garden from a cultivated plant, as I am informed by Mr. Alwis, the draughtsman 

* The native name Nelloo is applied to the spedes of this Natural Family gene- 
laUy.— a Tkm, 



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224 BNUMSBATiON OF lAcanthacecB. 

of this establishment. Mr. Alwis is mider the impression that he once saw the pknt 
growing wild in a forest between Oova and Balangodde. I have however onlj seen 
it in a cultivated state, and suspect it is not truly indigenous. — G. Thw. 

2. T. Hawtayiiii, Wall. Tent. — Meyenia Hawtayniana, N. ab E. in 
Wall. PL As. Ear. ; DC. Prod. xi. p. 60, cum. syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1487. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb. Hook. 

Mr. Thwaites has never met with this species in the island. 

3. T. frwLgnakm, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 33 ; DC. 1. c. p. 57, cum. syn.— 
c.p. 2020. 

Hi.B. Abundant up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Itores non fragrantes. Corolla alba, tubo interne pallide viridi. — 71 A, 

SUBOBD. 2. RUELLn)EM.—Mstwatio corolla contorta. Semina papilld v. 
retinaculo uncinato mffulta. Planta non scandentes. 

TRIB. NEL80NIEM. 

2. ELYTRABIA, VaM. 

1. £:. crenata, Vahl, (N. ab E. in DC. Prod. 3d. p. 63, cum syn.)— J^. 
marainata. Pal. de Beauv. ^. virgata, N. ab E. ; DC. 1. c. — c.p. 240. 
Hab. Very common. 

3. NELSONIA, E. Br. 

1. N. tomentosa, Willd. (N. ab E. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 65, cum syn.) 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb. Hook, 
Mr. Thwaites has never met with this plant. 

4. EBEBMAIEBA, N. ab E. 

1. E. g^lauea, N. ab E. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 73, cum syn. ; Wight, 
lo. 1. 1488.— c.p. 2717, 3575. 

Hab. Banks of a stream near Batticaloa and Ambagamowa District, 
not uncommon. 

Under E. glauca I include E. Zeylanica^ polybotrya, humilis, and tkgrsoidea of 
Nees von Esaibeck, as well as E. tpathulata, Hassk. — T. A. 

6. ADENOSMA, N. ab E. 
Sect. 1. — Staminibus quattwr. 

1. A. balsamea, Spr. (DC. Prod. xi. p. 68; Wight, lo. 446.)— c.p. 
1996. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

2. A. Terticillata, N. ab E. in Wall. PL As. Ear. ; DO. 1. c. p. 69 ; 
Wight, Ic. 1524.— c.p. 1995. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

3. A. uU^osa, E. Br. (DC. 1. c.) 

Hab. In rice-fields, Walker, in Serb, Soak. 

Sect. 2.'^8taminibus diMbus. 

4. A. Thwidt«Bii, T. Anders. ; caule erecto, racemoso ;foliis oboyatis. 



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AeantkacecB,'] gbtlon plants. 226 

subpetiolatis, supeme tomentosis, subtus claacis ; Jloribus solitariis, in 
cymis laxis ; bracteis parvis ; calyce capsma dimidio breviore ; corolla 
minuta, labio inferiore mgis inconspicuis ; staminibus duobos CT, AX — 
C.P. 1994. 
Hab. Abundant in the Batticaloa District, at no great elevation. 

TRIE. RXIELLIEM, 
SuBTEiB. 1. HYOROFHILEJE. 

6. HYGROPHILA, E. Br. 

1. K. qnadriTalvis, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. p. 89. (DC. Prod, 
ri. p. 89, cum syn.)— c.P. 2993. 

Var. salicifolia, T. Anders. — ff. aalictfolia, N. ab E. 1. o. p. 92. 
(Wight, Ic. t. 1490.)— c.p. 591, 3109. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. H. Bpinosai T. Anders. — Asteracantha longifolia, N. ab E. in 
DC. 1. c. p. 247, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 449.— c.p. 2900. 

Hab. Jn ot uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 
Asteracantha is, in eveiy respect, a troe HygrophUa, — T, A, 

Subtrib. 2. ETJ-RUELLIEM 

7. CALdPHANES, Don. 

1. O. depreMa^ T. Anders. — Dyschoriste^ N. ab E. in DC. Prod. xL 
p. 106, cum syn. — c.p. 3537. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. O. Uttoralis, T. Anders.— 2>y«cAorwfe, N. ab E. in DC. 1. o. cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 447.— c.p. 1997. 

Hab. North of the island, Ga/rdmer, 

8. HTJSiXiLIA, Linn. 

1. B. proBtrata^ Vovc-^Dipteraccmthus prostratus, N. ab E. in DC. 
Prod. xi. p. 124, cum syn. D. dejectus, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 125.— 
C.P. 1987. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. R. patnla, J&ca^^'Dwteracanthus paiulus, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. 
p. 126, cum syn. ; Wight, Icon. t. 1505.— o.P. 3628. 

Hab. Trincomalee, Bev, 8. 0. Glenie. 

9. JSTHEILEMA, E. Br. 

1. JB. reniforme, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. ; DC. Prod. xi. p. 
261, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1533.— c.p. 398. 
Hab. I^ot uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. ' 

Sijbteib. 3. STROBILANTHEM, 

10. ST^NOSIPHONIITM, N. ab E. 

1. 8. Zeylaaieum, T. Anders. ; scabrum, erectum ; foUia petiolatis, 

2g 



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226 BNUMBBATioN OF lAcaiUhoceis. 

serratis ; Jlorihus confertis ; bracteis ovatis, acntis, margiiiibas bispide 
ciliatis; coroZZa pallide cyanea, glabra; staminibus quatuor, didjnamis, 
longe exsertis (T. A.), — c.p. 3577. 

V ar. jS ;foliis marginibus integris. — c.p. 3661. 

Hab. Bintenne and Batticaloa Districts, at no great devation. Var. a. 
Central Province. 

2. 8. RnssellUniun, N. ab E. in Wall, PI. As. Ear. ; DC. Prod. xL p. 
105 ; Wight, Ic. t. 873, 1502.— 5f. mbsericeum, N. ab E.— c.p. 2001. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. Varies greatly 
in ihe amount of pnbesc^ice. 

11. STBOBILAWTHBS, Blume. 

Sect. 1. Eln)0POGON. — Florihua gpicatis, 

t Staminibui thobua. 

1. Sw eensaafpo^ciis, T. Anders. — Endopogon consangui/neus. E, 
amomum, N. ab E. in DC. Prod. p. 104. M vi&costim, Wight, Ic. 1. 1498. 
Stenosiphonium dicmdrum, N. ab E. — c.p. 2002, partim. 

Hab. Maturatte District, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Valde ramosus, 5-6-pedalis. Corolla paUide cjanea. 
Very variable in the amount 9f pubescence. — T. A, 

2. 8. hypoleacus, T. Anders. — JEndopogoih N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. — 
c.p. 2897. 

Hab. Central Province, ,6?ar6?fwr. 

3. 8. nigrescensy T. Anders. ; cauli erecto, tetragono ;foliis glabris, 
ovatis, lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, petiolatis, venis plerumqne nigres- 
centibus ; spicis hkpidis, foliis longioribos; bracteis lanoeolaras {T, A.), 
—c.p. 3353. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 
' Suffiratex luridus, 4-5-pedali8, ad nodos rufescens. Cbro//a pallide pupurea. An^ 
iherarum loculi parum dislocati, in anthesin horizontales. — T. A, 

4. 8. ▼iacosiu, T. Anders. — Mindopogon viscostis, arguttis, et digi^ 
talis, N. ab E. in DC.l. c. E, versicolor, Wight, Ic. 1. 1497.— c.p. 2002, 
partim, et 2898. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 
Corolla albida.— G^. I%w. 

A YCTj variable species as regards the amount of the glandnlaar pubesoenoe, and in 
the size of the several parts of the inflorescence.— 21 A. 

5. 8. rhamnifoliuB, T. Anders. — Butered rhanmifoUa, "N, ab E. in 
D. C. 1. c. p. 725. Endopogon rhanmtfolitis, Wight, Ic. t. 1521. — c.p. 
2007. 

Hab. Hantani District, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Corolla pallide purpurea. — O.Thiw. 

ft Staminibus quatuor, 

6. 8. Okrdneriaaus, T. Anders. — Endopogon, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. 
p. 723.— c.p. 2006. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 
l-2-pedali8. Corolla pucpureft. — Q, Tkta. 



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AeanthacetB.] CBTloK plants. 227 

7. S. Bcaber, T. Anders.— iJweWta cuspera, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 
147, cum syn. Strohilanthes scaler y var. ^, Wall. PI. As. Ear.,j^<:2. N. 
abE. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb. Hook. 

Sect. 2. Eu-Steobilanthbs.— J?oW5w* in strohilis co^feriis. 

8. S. Zeylaaiciuiy T. Anders. ; cat^^ fruticoso, erecto, qnadran^- 
lari, sulcato ; foliis aoutis, subtns scabris, marginibns serratis aspens ; 
strobilis axiUaribns, pedunculatis ; hracteis fimbriatis, tmncatis, reflezis 
vel acutis ; corolla extus tomentosa {T, -4.).— c.p. 3352. — Strohilanthes 
callosus, N. ab E., partim. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District and Kokool Corle, at an eleration of 
2000 feet. 

3-5-pedali8. Caulis subglaber. FoUa setoHs stelktis scabra, elliptics yd oTnta, 
8-10 line, longa, 1-4 nnc. lata. Bractea trapezoidea yd acuta» foliacea, margine 
setulosa. Corolla albida, extos tomentosa. — T. A, 

9. S. "Walkeri, N. ab E. DC. 1. c. p. 181.--C.P. 2008, 2009, partim, et 
3517. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000-7000 feet. 
2-5.pedali8. Corolla albida, vel pallide purpurea. Anthera exserts. — T. A. 
It varies very muck in the size of the flowers. 

10. 8. Thwidt«Bii, T. Anders. ; caule fruticoso, tetragono, angnlis 
scabris, setulis sqnamoso ; foliis ovatis, ovato-lanceolatis, vel elUpticis, 
aeominatis, margmibus serratis, reflexis, supra as]>eris, subter hirsutis ; 
florihus in capitulis strobiloideis ; pedunculis axillaribus, tetragonis; 
hracteis lanceolatis, acuminatis, corrugatis, margine ciliatis ; staminibus 
inclusis (T, ^.).— c.p. 2009 partim, 3616. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

Pedunculi foliis breviores, simplices vel ad apicem trifidi. Capitula drdter 8- 
flora, cemua. Bractea bullato-cormgatse, ciliatee, 7-10 lin. longse. Bracteola 
mnlto minores, lineares, acutse, ciliatse. Corolla poUioaris, albida, exteme glabra, 
interne pilosa. — T, A . 

11. 8. deflezuB, T. Anders. ; caule glabro ; foliis ellipticis, caudatis ; 
pedwiculis axillaribus, solitarus vel binis, deflezis; brodsteis foliaceis, 
acutis, glabris, calyce fere ad medium quinque-partito, segmentis lan- 
ceolatis; staminibus duobus (T. A.), — c.p. 1998. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Yiridis, 4-5'pedalis. Fedunculi versus apicem incrassati. Capitula 6-8 lin. 
longa. Bractea 6-8 interiores cum calydbus involventes. Bracteola angustis- 
simse. Flores terminales, ^-8. Calyx pilosulus. Corolla pallide purpurea, 8 lin. 
longa.— r. A. 

12. 8. Hookeri, N. ab E. DC. I.e. ij. 185.— c.p. 1999. 
Hab. Central Pi\)vince, at an elevation of 7000 feet. 

5-6-pedali8. Corolla albida, lobia rotundatis, retusis, ad faucem Uueis 8 purpureis 
longitndinalibus notata. Stamina eeqnilonga, anthera eisertte. — T, A. 

13. 8. calycinns, N. ab E. DC. l.c. p. 186.— c.p. 309.— /S. cohratus, 
N. ab E. 1. c. p. 186. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 7000 feet. 

4-5-pedalis. Bractea glabrae vel glanduloso-pilosse. Corolla straminea vel plus 
minus olivacea, lobis brevibus, rotundatis, retusis. Stamina sequilonga, antheris 
exsertis.— (?. Thw. 



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228 BNUMBBATION OF lAcarUhocea. 

Closely allied to 8, HooJteri, bat differing from it in having much shorter petioles, 
smaller hirsute leaves, longer and laxer heads of flowers, and oblong, more mem- 
branaceous bracts, as well as in the character of the corolla. — T, A. 

14. S. trifidiu, N. ab E. DC. 1. c. p. 185.— fif. rugosus, Wight, Ic. 
t. 1619, et 8. cam^panulatusy t. 1562. — c.p. 254, 2008. — S, ay>errimus, 
Inpulmus, Se^neanus, tener, (8, involucratus, Blume,^rf. IS, ab E.) 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

An extremely yaiiable plant as regards amount of pubescence, size of the leaves, 
length of the heads of flowers, etc. In some specimens the bracts are nearly white, 
more or less tinged with red at the base and green at the tip of each, whilst in others 
they are of a uniform dull green colour, and harsher texture. — T. A. 

15. 8. laxns, T. Anders. ; cat^^tereti, glabro ;foliis petiolatis, ovatis, 
acuminatis, cordatis, grosse serratis, utrinque subscabris, subtus glan- 
dulosis ; strobilis axdlaribus, multifloris, ssepe ramosis, laxis, inf<^rioribu8 
plernmque binis, superioribus solitariis; bracteis rotundatis, ovatis, 
margine ciliatis; bracteolislanGeol&tiB, acutis, ciliatis, calyce brevioribus ; 
cahfcis segmentis lanceolatis, acutis, subsequalibus, inferiore angustiore, 
fere lineari; corolla extus glabra, ad medium quinque-partita, labio 
inferiore lineis duabus barbatis notato ; lohis lanceolatis, acutis, reflexis ; 
9taminihu8 quatuor exsertis, filamentis sBquilongis, linearibus, glabris 
(T. ^.).-"C.p. 2010. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

4-6-pedalis. Folia 1-2 unc. longa, 1-2 unc. lata. Fetiolut \\ unc. longns. 
Strobili ^3 unc. longi. Bractea semipollicares. Corolla 9 Un. longa, flavo-rufes- 
cens, basi nigro-purpurascens. Stamina nigrescentia, polline flavo. — T. A, 

16. 8. vestitns, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 180.— c.p. 3660. 
Hab. Maturatte, at an elevation of 5000-7000 feet. 

17. 8. Arnottianus, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 179.— c.p. 2005. 
Hab. NeweraEllia, Qa/rdner. 

Closely allied to S, vettitm, but difiering from it in the form of the leaves, and 
much smaller pilose flowers. Besides, the capsule and style of S. vestUus are 
quite glabrous, while they are hirsute and glandular in 8. Amottiantu. — T. A» 

18. 8. caudatos, T. Anders. ; caule subterete, subglabro ; foliis lan- 
ceolatis, caudato-acuminatis, lineolatis, subtus ad nervos tomentosis ; 
i)e(^w«cwZi*lixillaribus, simplicibus vel trifidis ; ecvpitulis 3-6-floris, vil- 
losis; bracteis lanceolatis, tomentosis; calycis segmentis lineari-lan- 
ceolatis, eequilongis ; corolla lobis brevibus, rotundatis, retusis ; sta- 
minibm inclusis ; antheris subunilocularibus (T. A,), — c.p. 364. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. 

4-5-pedalis. Folia 8-7 unc. longa, \-\\ unc. lata. Bractea 4 lin. longfie, ciliatsB. 
Corolla poUicaris, flavide-rubro tincta. 

19. 8. adenophorns, N. ab E. in DC. I.e. p. 182.— c.p. 162.— G^oW- 
fussia myrtinia, N. ab E. Myrtinia lanceolata, Macrae. Sterumpko' 
niwm Moonianvm^ Wight et G^ardn. Strobilanthei lanceolatus, N. 
abE. . 

Hab. Kokool Corle, and Safiragam District. 

Calys semipollicaris, ultra medium tubulosus, segmentis lancedatis, acutis, ciliatis. 
Corolla pallide cyanea, li unc. longa ; lobis subacutis. Anthera sagittate, exsertse. 
—TA. 



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Aeanthaoea,'] cbylom plakts. 229 

Nees Yon Esenbeck has placed this plant once in Gol^ffussia and twice in StroH- 
lanthes, and both in Goldfussia and Strobilanthes has quoted the same number of 
Macrae, 373.-71 J. 

20. S. aaeeps, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 189.— c.p. 2000. 

Yar. ptmctatus {8. punctatus, N. ab E. in DC. L c. p. 182) ;^oUis sub- 
tuBpnnctatis ; bractets ntrinoue pnnctatis, ciliatis. — T. A. 

Kab. Central Froyince, Samragam District, at an elevation of 2000 to 
6000 feet. 

Yai. jmnctaHis, Walker, in Herb. Hook. 

Sect. 3. — Florihus inpaniculis terminalihus caulimbusve, 

21. S. cerinthoidM, N. ab E. in Herb. Hook.-^c.p. 66, 2593, 2594.— 
8, argutus, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 188. 8, sexennis, N. ab E. in DC. 
l.c.p. 187. 

Var. a. hirsutissimus, T. Anders. — c.p. 3626 (5^. hirsutissimus, N. ab 
E. in DC. 1. c). 

Hab. Very abundant at Newera EUia, and other of the more ele- 
vated parts of the Central Province. 

An extremely variable plant as regards amount of pubescence, shape of the leaves, 
length of the subpanicles of flowers, and relative size of the bracts and flowers. — 
T,A. 

22. S. heUeoides^ T. Anders.— X^^ocan^AtM, N. ab E. in DC. 1. o. 
p. 170.— C.P. 1980. 

Hab. Hantani and Ambagamowa Districts, np to an elevation of 
3000 feet. 

2-3-pedalis. Corolla purpurea ; tubo parum inflato ; lobis brevibus, rotnndatis. — 
G. Thw, 

23. S. mbieiindiui^ T. Anders.^l^^acern^AtM, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. 
— C.P. 3351. 

Hab. Safiragam and Ambagamowa Districts. 
4-6-pedalis. Corolla violacea. — 0. Thw. 

24. S. pvlcherrimiui, T. Anders. — Leptaccmthus Walkeri, "N, ab E. 
in DC. 1. c. ; Wid^t, Ic. 1. 1507.— c.p. 266 (301). 

Hab. Central Trovince, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 
4-5-pedalis. Panicula terminales caulinseqne, cum bracteis caljcibusque plus mi- 
nus rufescentes. Corolla violacea, parce cunrata, lobis rotundatis retusis. — 0, Tkw, 

12. D JEDALACANTHUS, T. Anders. 

(Eranthemum^ Wall, partim.) 

Cahfx minntos, scariosus, 5-dentatns. Corolla hypocraterimorpha ; 
iuho gracili, elon^to ; Umbus lobis in sestivatione valae contortis. 8ta' 
mina quatuor, didynama, fauce inserta, sterilia brevissima. Anthera 
bilocnlares, muticsB, locuUs parallelis. 8tigma subulatum, incurvum, 
dorso canaliculatum. Capsula oblonga, tetrasperma, retinacnlis acutis, 
dissepimentis breviter adnatis. 8einina subrotunda, compressa, Isevia, 
margme sericea pilis adpressis. — SuflTrutices, bracteis jmlcherrime vor 
riegatis ; bracteolis jpaucist scariosis. — T. A. 

1. D. montaikiui, (var. o,) T. Anders. M montanum, Eoxb. Var. o, 



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230 BHUMBBATIOH ov [AcotUhaeoa. 

N. ab E. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 448 ; Wight, Ic. t. 466.— c.p. 2bOd.^8picU 
laxis ; hracteis distantibas, lanceolatis, longissime attenuatb. 

Hab. Common np to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

A Tariable plant in the length and breadth of bracts, as well as in the amount of 
pabescence on the spikes.— 21^. 



SUBORD. 8. ACANTHIDEJE.'-'^HvaHo eoroUa imbricata vel imbrieato- 
hUabiata. Sendna retinaeulo unemaio tuffuUa, 

TRIB. JSJRLERLEJE, 

13. BABLEBIA, Linn. 

1. B. bisplnoM, YaM, (DC, Prod. xi. p. 241.)-<! j. 2013.—^. tipina 
Cevlanica, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 242. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. R. Arnottiana, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 232.— c.p. 682, 310, ambi 
partim. 

Hab. NeweraEUia. 
Corolla pallide cyanea. — Q. Thw. 

3. B. cristata, Linn. (N. ab E. in Prod. xi. p. 229, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 453.) — B. dichotoma, et B, ciliata, IU>xb. Fl. Ind. B. Nepalensis, 
N. abE.l.c.p.228. 

Hab. Common in gardens, bnt never met with truly wild in the 
island. 

Repeated examinations of an extensive set of specimens in the Hookerian Herba- 
rinm have oonvinoed me tiiat JS, erigtata, dichotoma, ciliata, and Nepalensis, are 
forms of one variable species. The differences supposed to exist, in the leaves being 
stalked in B, dichotoma and sessile in B. cristata, are not at all constant. The in- 
florescence varies equally as much, the flowers being solitary in the axils of the leaves, 
or in short spikes of 4 or 5. The colour of the corolla varies from all shades of 
white to dark lilac or purple. Roxburgh describes and figures the corolla of his B. 
dichotoma as white. — T. A. 

4. B. nutans, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 227.— c.p. 2011, 2559. 
Hab. Central Proyince, at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet. 
Corolla cyaneo-purpurea. — 0. Thw, 

5. B. Prionitis, Linn. (N. ab E. in DC. L c. p. 237 ; Wight, lo. t. 
452.) 

Hab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vtilg. 
** Kattoo Kurandoo." 
This plant is employed as a medicine by the Cinghalese. — 0, Thw, 

6. B. pentandra, Arn. (N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 232; Wight, LI. t. 
164.)— C.P. 310, 682, partim, et 2668.—^. tmolucrata, N. ab E. m 
DC.1.C. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 
Corolla cyaneo-purpurea. — G, Tkto, 

B. rea^ta, T. Anders, j herbacea, hirsuta pilis patentibus ; foliU 
ovatis, ellipticis, ntrinque attennatis, petiolatis vel subsessilibus ; cymis 
axillaribus terminalibusque, sparsifloris, laxis ; bracteis angustissime 
lanceolatis, acutis ; calycis segmentis inaqnalibus, lanceolatis, strigosis, 
exteriorum superiore acuto, imeriore minute bifido, interioribus acutis. 



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AcaaikaoetB,'} obtlon plants. 2S1 

brevioribns ; corolla angoste infondibidiformi, 3-pollicari, lobis tubo 
fiequilongis (21 ^.)-— C.p. 200^.S, pentandra, /3,li. ab E. in DO. L c. 
233. 

Hab. Central Province, and in the Saffiragam District, np to an ele- 
vation of 6000 feet. 

6-8-pedalis, hispida. Folia Integra, 6-12 unc. longa. Oyma longe pedunculatse, 
foliis paulo breviores. Calyx Mvus, strigosus. Corolla pallide purpurea vel albida. 
—T.J, 

B. noctiflora and B. huxifolia, var. /3. The reoordiug of these two plants from 
Ceylon seems to be an error of Nees Ton Esenbeck, as no specimen from Ceylon oc- 
curs in any of the extorsive odleodons I have consulted. For B, noctiflora no au- 
thority is quoted by Nees but " Herb. Hook./' and for B. buxifolia, var. /8, " Forsyth, 
in Herb, eod./' and I am infbrmed that this botanist made no ooUectionft 'm Ceylon. 
—T,A. 

14. CBOSSANDBA, Salisb. 

1. O. iflfundlbnlilbrmis, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. ; DC. RrocL xi. 
p. 280, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 460, et t. 4ai.--o.p. 265 (2016), 2016. 
.— O. axillaris, C. opponttfolia, N. ab E.L o. (T. A.) 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

15. LEPIDAGATHIS, Willd. 

1. Zi. C«ylanica, N. ab E. Dl. Lepidag. (DC. Prod. xi. p. 269. Z. ner- 
vosa, Wight, Ic. t. 1620.)--c.p. 1985. (T, A.) 

Bjlb. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

2. Zi. ftuseiculata, N. ab E. Dl. Lepdag. (DC. Brod. zi. p. 260.)— 
C.P. 1983. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. Z-. IXTalkeriaiuh N. ab £. in DC. Lc. ; Wight, Ic. 1 1630^— c.f. 85, 
1986. 

Hab. Very common throughout the island. 

4. Zi. hyaBna, Tar. a, lophostacJiyoides, N. ab £. 111. Lepidag. (DC. 
1. c. p. 252.)--c JP. \^1\,-^8pici8 teramnaUbus, subsolitanis^. filamentis 
lineis purpureis transvercdm notatis (T. A,). 

Hab. (Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

This variety may ultimately prove to be distinct from L. hyalina. In the absence 
of a sufficient number of speomens to dedde from, I do not feel justified in making a 
new species of it. — T, jL 

TBIB. JCJNTffJSJE. 
16. BLEPHABIS, Jnss. 

1. B. mollnipiai£p1l>| JusB^ (DC. Prod. xi. p. 266, cum syn*)*-*K3.p. 
3676. 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

2. B. BoeidiMflpiaBlDll% Jusa. (DC* L o. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 458.) 
— c.p. 2014. 

Hab. Very abundant in the hot, drier parts of the ifllaod. Nom. 
vulg. " Laawaadaawa." 
The Cingbalese use the leaves at a vuhierary. — G. Thw, 



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232 BKUMBBATiOK OF [AeoiUkoceiB. 

17. ACANTHUS, Linn. 

1. A. UieifoUiui, Blume, (DC. Prod. xi. p. 268, cum Byn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 459.)--C.P. 201S.—Dilwaria ilicifolia, Jobs. 
Var. a. integrtfolius, T. Anders. — c.p. 2017. 
Hab. Common near the sea. 

TRIB. ANDROORAPHILEM 
18. ANPBOGIlAFniS, WaU. 

1. A. paaieulaU, N. ab E. in DC. Prod. p. 515, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 618.)— C.P. 3664 (1981 partim). 

Hab. South of the islimd, not uncommon. 
PedancQli glabri. — T, A. 

2. A. alata, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 516, com syn.— c.p. 1977. 
Hab. Common upon banks, in the hot, drier parts of the island. 
Folia linearia, lanceolata, vel oblonga, basi gnidatim angastata. Corolla albida. 

Jnihera purpnresB. — 0. Thw, 

3. A. macrobotiT«9 N. ab E. in DC. 1. c— o.p. 3578, 1981 partim. 
Hab. JN^ear Xandy, not common. 

Feduneuli patentim glandoloso-pilosi. Corolla pallide purpurea, interne labio 
inferiore nigro-purporeo albo-marginato. AiUhera pnrpnree, basi albo-barbatsB. — 
0. Thto, 

4. A. Ceylaaiea, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 518 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1560. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb, Soak. 

5. A. echioidM, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 467.— 
C.P. 606. 

Hab. Yeiy common in the hotter parts of the island. 

19. aYMNOSTACHYUM, N. ab E. 

1. O. sa&ifiiinolentiim, T. Anders. — Orvptophraffmium sanguinolett" 
turn, cum syn. et 0. axillare, N, ab E. in D(3. fiod. xi. p. 96 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 1496 (T. ^.).— C.P. 186. 

Hab. Very common in forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Planta iota pins minns pnrpnrascens. Corolla violacea. — G, Thw, 

2. O. Ceylaaiciimy W. Am. et IS. ab E. ; DC. Prod. xi. p. 93.— ^.f. 
2019. 

Hab. Shady places, in the hot, drier parts of the island ; not un- 
common. 

Folia snpeme secns costam venas primariasqne albescentia. Corolla tnbo pallide 
pnrpureo ; umbo flavo, exteme viridescente. Anthera albida. — Q, Thw, 

3. O. Thwaitesii, T. Anders.; tomentosum, caule radicante ; ^Zm 
ovatis, obtusis, basi in8D<^ualibus, ^etiolatis, hirsutis ; paniculis termina- 
Ubus, elongatis, multiflons ; ramuUs oppositis, cymiformibus, huds ilhrciC' 
teia sulcata (T. ^.).— c.p. 3356. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

4. O. paniculatiim, T. Anders.; comle subcjuadrangulare, sulcato- 
tomentOBO ; foUis ovatis, subacutis, basi in petiolo attenuatis, pills ad- . 



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AcanthaoeiB.2 obylon plakts. 233 

pressis hirsutlB ;paniculis terminalibiis, multifloris, ramulis multifloris ; 
Jloribus confertis ; calipee quinque-partito, segmentis brevibus lanceola- 
tis, glandulosis, UmtentoaiB; corolla extus subtomentosa, limbo breve, 
5-fiao, labio inferiore lonffiore paulo inflato (T. A.), — c.p. 2994. 

Var. IcBvius; foliis camibusque glabris. 

Hab. Saffirs^am and Gralle Districts, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 
feet. 

Ssepe omnino pnrporascens, li-2-pedale. Folia 3-7 unc. longa, 1^-2^ one. lata. 
Corolla 7 lin. longa^ violiBMjea, limbo interne flavo-virescente. JntAera albidae. — 
T.A. 

6. O. Ursutnm, T. Anders. ; caule erecto ; foliis ovatis, acutis, basi 
attenuatis, petiolatis, subtus ad venos hirsutis, supeme scabris, paniculis 
terminalibus confertis hirsutissimis ; hracteis linearibus, eiliatis ; calyce 
profunde 5-fido ; segmentis longe setaceis, hirsute cUiatis ; corolla ca- 
lyce sequanti ; Umbo breviter 5-partito ; Jilamentis basi paulo hirsutis j 
capsula 8-10-sperma (T, A.), 

jIab, Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Foipurascens, 2-3-pedale. Corolla flavo-virescens. Jnthera albids. — G, Tkw, 

TRIB. JTJSTICIEM 
19. JTJSTICIA, linn. 

1. J. Adliatoda, Linn. — Adhatoda Vasiea, N. ab E. in DC. Prod. xi. 
p. 387, cum syn.— c.p. 1991. 

Hab. Common. Nom. vulg. " Paawetta." 

Used medicmallj by the Cingbalese as an expectorant for cluldren. — 0, Thw, 

2. J. Betonica, JAjm.^Adhatoda, N. ab E. in DC. L c. p. 385. A. 
variegata, A, ramosissima, A. Nilgherrica, A* trinervia, A. a/reneria, N. 
ab E'. in DC. 1. c. p. 385, 386, 387. 

Hab. Very abundant. Nom. vulg. " Soodoo-pooroo-gass." 
A. NUgherricat Wight, Ic. 1. 1544, A. trinervia^ and A, arenaria, are merely stunted 
states of /. Betonica ; with a complete suite of specimens it is impossible to dis- 
tinguish them. — T, A, 

3. J. Traaquebarienslsy Linn. — Adhatoda, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 
899, cum. syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 462.— c.p. 1993. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Corolla albida vel rubra, fauce rubro maculata. — G. Tho, 

4. J. Ceylaaies, T. hjA&ta.-— Adhatoda, N. ab E. in DC. L c. p. 400, 
cnm syn.— c.p. 2422, 2718, 3110 (713 partim). 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

5. J. Hookeriana, T. Anders. — Adhatoda, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 
403. — c.p. 701. Leptostachya Zeylanica, N. ab E. partim. 

Hab. Yery abundant on the banks of streams in the Central Pro- 
vince. 

Bractea lineares vel subspathulatse. — G, Thw, 

Macrae's plant in Herb. Benth. n, 423, quoted by Nees von Esen. as Leptostachya 
Zeylanica^ is this species. — T, A, 

6. J. GendanuMky Linn. — Gendumssa vulgaris, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. 
p. 410, cum syn. — c.p. 3662. 

Hab. Common. Nom. vulg. *' Kalos-waaraneya.'* 

2h 



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284 BHiTMBBAnoN ov lAotmikoces, 

7. J. tfl^hm, K(Xfmg,-^Bk€Dphidospor<t, N. ab E. in DC. 1. e. p. 499» 
earn iyn. ; Wight, Ic. 1654— c.p. 2718, 3663 (713 partim). 
Hjlb. Common in the Central !l^Tinoe. 

20. BHINACAin?HirS, K. ab E. 

1. B. commwd*, N. ab E. in Wall. PL As. Ear. iii. p. 109 ; DC. Prod, 
xi. p. 442 : Wight, lo. t. 464.-5. Bottlerianus, N. ab E. 1. c— c.p, 1982. 
Hab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

21. BOSTEIiLUTiABTA, Eeichen. 

1. B. Bojmdanay K. ab E. in DC. Prod. zi. p. 373, onm syn. — JS, nn 
tundifolia, N, ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 370. JR^procumh^ns, N. abE. 1. c. p. 
371, et Wight, le. 1. 1639. B. Ah/ssinica, Brongn. JB. mollUsimct, N. ab 
E. 1.0. p. 373. iS. c?nmto, N. ab E. 1. c. 5. wawpfeo?, Wight, Ic. t, 1642 
(T. J.).— c.p. 142, 228, 404, 2904, 609. 

Hi.B. Very abundant throughout the island. 

I have fiifled m finding any character by which to separate these species even as 
Tarieties ; I am therefore forced to consider them as states of one yeiy variable 
species. — T, A. 

2. B. diffusa, N. ab E. in WalL PI. As. Ear.; DC. 1. c. 371, cmn syn. 
--C.P. 1976, 1992. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

22. PEBISTBOPHE» N. ab E. 

1. P. tlnctorU, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. ; DC. Prod. ad. p. 493, 
cum syn. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb. JBbeJh. 

23. MONOTHECIUM, Hochst 

1. M. arUitatiimy T. Anders. — Anthocometes aristatus, N. ab E. in 
DC. Prod. xi. n. 312, cum syn.— c.p. 1984. 
Hab. Hot, arier parts of the island ; not very common. 
Corolla albida, labio inferiore fiuice mfo macnlato. — 0, Thvo, 

24 BUNGIA, N. ab B. 

1. B. panriflora, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. (DC. Pjrod. xi. p. 469, 
cum syn.)— ^. j?^»»a/a,*N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. p. 470 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1647. 
B, mnraHs, Eoyle. B. polygonoides, N. ab E. in Wall. PL As. Ear. ; 
DC. 1. c. p. 471. B, origanoides, N. ab E. in Wall. PL As. Ear. ; DC. 
1. 0. (T. X).— C.P. 267, 1976, 3364, 3367. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an eleyati<m of 7000 feet. 

Like most of the species of this genns, this plant varies mnch in the size and shape 
of the leaves and the form of the spikes of flowers, as well as in the extent of the 
scarions margin of the bracts, and also in the extent of dliA on the calyx-iegmantib 
— r. A, 



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2. R. repenii, N. ab E. in Wall. PI. As. Bar. j DC. 1. o. p. 472, cmn 
iyn. ; W^ht, Ic. t. 465.— c.p. 257, 1972, 1973, 1974, 2985. • 

Hab. Very common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

like the preceding species, this is very variable. There is a state of it from tlie 
Central Province in which the bracts are acntely lanceolate, and their scarions mar- 
gin nearly absent. — T, A, 

3. WL longilbUs, N. ab E. et W. Am. in BO. 1. c. p. 471.— JS. latior, 
N. ab E. ; DC. 1. c. p. 472.— c.p. 89, 257, 301, 686, 708, 1974, 3355. 

Hab. Eamboda and Adam's PeaJc. 

9 

25. DICLIPTEBA^ Jnss. 

1. D. bivalTis, Juss. in Ann. Mus. (DC. Prod. xi. p. 475.) — D. Zeylan- 
tea, N. ab E. in DC. 1. o. 474.— c.p. 399, 2576. 

Hab. Not onoommon on shaded banks, in the hot, drier parts of the 
island. 

C.P. 2576 is the normal state of this species; C.P. 899 is probably only a sionted 
condition of it. — T, J. 

26. EBANTHEMXTM» Linn. 

1. B. crenuUtiim, Wall, in Bot. Eeg. t. 879 (DC. Prod. xi. p. 453.) 
—c.p. 1703, 1979. 

Hab. Not uncommon. 

2. B. Eebolinm, T. Anders.— Justicia, Linn. ; N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. 
p. 426, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 463. J. ffynmostach^a, N. ab E. in DC. 
1. c. J. hstevirens, Vahl, En. i. p. 118 P J, strohil^hraf Lam. lU. i. p. 
36 P J. emarginata, N. ab E. in DC. 1. e. p. 427. J. rotund^lia, IS. 
ab E. in Wall. PI. AM. Ear. iii. p. 108. J. syringjfoliay Vahl, En. i. p. 
U7P J. Iwida, Wall. Cat. n. 2482 c. J. dentata, Klein. (21 A.).— 
C.P. 1978. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island ; a very variable 
'and widely diffiised plant. 

27. PTYSSIQLOTTIS, T. Anders. 

Cat^x proftmde 5-partitus, sequalis. Corolla infnndibnlifomris ; Urn- 
bus 5-partitus, labio mferiore longitudinaliter plicato, lobis lateralibus 
extemis in sestiyatione. Stamina duo. AntAert^ bilocnbnres, locaHs 
parallelis, mnticis, ovatis. Stigma capitatum, clayatum, obtusum. Cap^ 
sula basi dissepimentis adnatis, apice tetrasperma. Semina discoidea, 
minute tuberculata (T. A.). 

1. P. radicosa, T. Anders. — Bhytiglo»9a radicoga, N. ab E. in DC. 
Prod. xi. p. 344. Bostellularia sarmeniosa, Zollinger, PL Jay. ; DC. 
1. c. p. 370 (T. ^.).— C.P. 3538. 

Hab. Pot, drier parts of the island. 

Corolla albida, 6 lin. longa, labio saperiore bipartito ; iegmentis oblongis, subacutis, 
inferiore tripartito, segmentis rotuidatis. — 0. Tkw. 

28. ASYSTASL^ Blmne. 
1. A. OhtnfT^ca, T. Anders. — A. Coroma/ndeliana, N. ab E. in Wall. 



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236 BIHTHBBATION OF ^Lobiot^. 

PI. As. Ear. j DC. Prod. xi. p. 165, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1506. A. 
plumhaginea, N. ab E. in Wall. PL As. Ear. A, quatema, N. ab E. in 
1)C. 1. c. p. 166. A. intrusa, N. ab E. in DO. 1. e. A, caZycina, Benth. 
Fl. Niger, p. 478. A, Bojeriana, N. ab E. in DC. 1. c. A. Comorensis, 
Bojer; DC. l.o. (21 ^.)— c.p. 1998. 

Hab. Very abundant in the hotter parts of the island. 

The extensive distribution of this species over tropical Asia and Africa renders the ' 
specific name adopted by Nees von Esenbeck quite inappropriate ; and the same ob- 
jection may be made to the original one given by Linnaeus, and which, as being the 
oldest, I have revived. For so cosmopolitan a plant the specific teifn communis or 
vulgaris would perhaps be more suitable. The notes by Mr. Benthun to the Jsy- 
stasia of the ' Flora Nigretiana' show that I have tiie best authority for the greater 
part of the identifications I have made of this variable species. — T. A, 

2. A. chelonoides, N. ab E. in WaU. PL As. Ear. ; DC. L c. p. 164, 
cum syn. — A, nenwrvmy N. ab E. L c. et DC. 1. c. p. 167, cum syn. 
(T. .4.).— C.P. 552, 1989. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Mr. Thwaites observes that the somewhat procumbent habit, smaller flowers and 
shorter pedicels, seem sufficiently to distinguish A. nemorum from A. chelonioides, and 
that when growing they look very different ; but I have been unable to find any 
sufficient characters amongst the large series of specimens contained in the Hookerian 
Herbarium, and moreover Nees and others have partially united them. — T, A, 



cxvni. labiatjE. 

TRIB. OCIMOIDEM 
1. OCIMUM^Linn. . 

1. O. canum, Linn. (Benth. in DC. Prod. xiL p. 32, cum syn.) — c.p. 
3624. 

Hab. Very abundant in waste ground about native gardens. I^om. 
vulg. " Heen-talla." 

0. Biuilicum, linn., is very common as a cultivated plant in native gardens. Is 
it really specifically distinct from 0, canum ? 

2. O. grattssimnm, linn. (Benth. 1. c. p. 34, cum syn.) — c.p. 2062. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

3. O. siutTe, Willd. (Benth. 1. c. p. 35, cum syn.)— c.p, 3623. 
Hab. Ambagamowa ; not common. 

4. O. Baactmn, Linn. (Benth. 1. c. p. 38, cum syn.) — O. tenuiflortim, 
Linn. ; Benth. 1. c. p. 39.— c.p. 249. 

Hab. Common in waste places. "Norn, vulg. " Madooroo-tallu." 
Much used as a medicine by the Cinghalese. 

2. aBNIOSPOBUM,WaU. 

1. O. elonf^atmiiy Benth. Lab. p. 21 (DC. Prod. xii. p. 45.) — c.p. 



Hab. Common in grassy places in the Central PM)yinoe, at tax eleva- 
tion of 4000 to 6000 feet. 



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Zabicsia.'] geylon plants. 237 

2. a. mrostratnm, Benth. in Wall. PL As. Bar. ii. p. 18 ; DC. 1. c— 
C.P. 2079. 

Var. ^. gracile.—G. gracile, Benth. Lab. p. 21 ; DC.l. c— c.p. 2078 
(2081). 

Hjlb. Wanner parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

I can find no constant character to distingnish G. gracile from 0, prottatum, and 
they i^pear to pass insensibly into one another. 

3. MOSCnOSMA, Eeioh. 

1. M. polTstachynm, Benth. in Wall H. As. Ear. ii. p. 13 ; DC. 
Prod. xii^. 48, cum syn. — c.p. 2056. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. 

4. OBTHOSIFHON, Benth. 

1. O. difFiuras, Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 50. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb, Hooh, 

2. O. ffUbratiui, Benth. in WaU. PL As. Ear. ii. p. 14 ; DC. 1. c. cum 
syn.— C.P. 2059. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 
This varies veiy much in the size of the flowers. 

6. PLECTRANTHUS, L'Her. 

1. P. cspiUipM, Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 57.— c.p. 2064. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
Corolla alba, labio inferiore mbro-maculato. 

2. P. msreseeiis, Benth. Lab. p. 710 ; DC. 1. c. p. 58.— P. Wdlkeri, 
Benth. 1. c. P. scabrelltis, Benth. 1. c. P. hicms, Benth. 1. c. p. 57. — 
c.p. 90, 426 (461, 583, 687, 2060, 2061). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Corolla alba, mbro-macnlata. 

A most variable phint, as regards the size and shape of the leaves, and the amount 



3. P. Coetaa, Don, (Pr. M. Nep. p. 117 ; Benth. 1. c. p. 58.)— P. 
menthoides, Benth. 1. c. p. 59. P. Jfacr^*, Benth. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1430.— c.p. 2063. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

4. P. subineisiui, Benth. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. ii. p. 16 ; DC. Prod, 
xii^. 66.— C.P. 2890. 

Hab. Ceylon, Macrae, 

I have never met with this species in a growing state, and there is no record of 
whence the veiy indifferent specimen in the Herbariom was obtained. 

5. P. Oaardneii;p Thw. ; cauU herbaceo, breve piloso, bdsi decum- 
bente ; foliis ovatis vel rotundatis, grosse dentatis vel subincisis, cre- 
natis, minute cHiatis, superne villosulis, subtus glanduloso-punctatLs, 
basi subacutis, petiolo longiusculo nervisque tomentellis ; racemis elon- 
gatulis, glanduioso-tomentellis, parce ramosis ; verticillastris distanti- 
bus, 4--6-floris ; hracteis minutis, ciliatis ; pedicellis calyce frnctifero 
nutante subssquilongis.— c.p. 16 (84j 264). 



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238 BKUMBBATIOK OV [ZoftfOto 

Hab. In damp, shady places, as Newera EUia and otiher of the more 
elevated parts of the Central Province. 

l-2-pedali8, plus minus rofesoens. CkUyx frueUfer subglaber, promineiitini parce 
reticulatus, 2 lin. longus, dente supremo rotundato, obtuso, inferioiibus lanoewatis) 
infimis subulato-acuminatis. Corolla purpurea, calyce duplo longior, laeinia infima 
porrecta concava. (P. Sieberi affinis, E.f,) 

6. P. Zeylamcns, Benth. Lab. p. 36 ; DO. L c— kj.p. 2083. 

Hab. Eambodde, in the Central Province, Gardner. JN^om. vnlg. 
" Ereeweriya." 

This is commonly cultivated in native gardens as a medicinal plant, but I have 
never found it truly wild. 

Fled, tuberosusy Blnme ( Coletu tuberosum and Cparviflonu, Benth.), is cultivated 
by the Cinghalese for the sake of its tuberous roots, which are eaten as a vegetable. 

6. COLBUS, Lour. 

1. O. barbatos, Benth. in Wall. H. As. Ear. ii. p. 15 ; DC. B?od. xii. 
p. 71, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1432.— c.P. 2069. 

Hab. Common on rocky places in the Oovah District, at an elevation 
of 2000 to 5000 feet. 

2. C. Malabaricns, Benth. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. ii. p. 16 ; DC. 1. c. 
p. 76, cum syn. — C. ovattis, Benth. in DC. 1. c. C, Macrm, Benth. 1. c. 

S77. C. Walkeri, Benth. 1. c. C leptostachys, Benth. 1. c. C, mollis, 
enth. I.C.— C.P. 17, 2066, 2996, 3435 (2067). 

Hab. Common in damp, bushy places, up to an elevation of 6000 
feet. 

A most variable species as respects amount of pubescence, size and form of the 
leaves and of the inflorescence ; and the several forms run so insensibly into one ano- 
ther that I am quite unable to s^Mirate them satisfactorily, even as ^kinct varieties. 

3. O. inflatosy Benth. Lab. p. 58 ; DC. Prod. xii. p. 78.-0. Beit- 
thamianus. Am. in Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. xviii. p. 354 ; Benth. in DC. 
1. c— C.P. 2065. 

Hab. Abimdant at Newera Ellia, Horton Plains, etc., at an elevation 
of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Col, aromaticus, Benth. (nom. vulg. " Kopprawalleya") is cultivated by the Cin-^ 
ghalese as a medicine for cattle. (7. Blumei, Benth., with its variety C laemiatttt, 
Benth., is a common ornamental plant in the island. 

7, ANISOCHILUS, WaU. 

1. A. carnosus, Wall. PI. As. Ear. ii. p. 18 ; Benth. in DC. Pl?od. xii 
p. 81, cum syn. — c.p. 2055. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not very c(»nmon. Nom. vulg. 
" Gal-kopprawaUeya." 

2. A. paaiculatiuii Benth. 1. c. p. 82. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, in Serb, Soak, 

3. A. BidBEruldcosuB, Wight, Ic. t. 1437.— O.P. 3573. 
Hab. Gunner's Quoin, in the Batticaloa District. 

In the present plant the spikes of fiowers are much shorter, the leaves are tomen- 
tose (not villous), and not so crowded together as in the plant figured hy Dr. Wight, 
but frpm their general similarity I think they are no 4ottbt fiNrma of one species. 



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Lahtat aJ ] obtloit pulkts. 289 

TRIE. SATUHEIEM, 
8. FOGOSTEMON, Desf. 

1. P. Heyneaaus, Benth. in Wall. PL Ab. Ear. i. p. 31 ; DO. Prod. 
xnj[). 163, cxun syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1440.— c.P. 33 (2073, 2401). 

Hab. Common throughout the island. Nom. yulg. " Gkng-Kolang- 

The leaves of this plant are used by the Cinghalese medicinallj, as a sternutatory. 

2. P. rupestris, Benth. Lab. p. 156 ; DC. 1. c. n. 164.— c.P. 343. 
Var. /3. kirsutus. — P. hvrsutus, Benth. in DC. 1. c— c.p. 283. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 feet. 
Although the extreme fonns of var, a and /8 of this species look very distinct, they 

are so completely connected by intermediate ones that I find it quite impossible to 
discover any constant character by which to separate them. The plant figured by 
Dr. Wight (Ic. 1. 1442) under the name of F, kirtuttts must certainly b^, as he him- 
self suspects, quite a distinct species. 

3. P. reflezosy Benth. in DC. 1. c. p. 155.— c.p. 154. 

Hab. The more elevated parts of the Central Province, not very 
common. 

9. DYSOPHYLLA, Blume. 

1. D. anricnlaria^ Bl. (Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 156, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1445.)— O.P. 26. 

Hab. Yery common on the borders of paddy-fields. Nom. vulg« 
"Faamanilla." 

2. ->. TerticiUata, Benth. in Wall. PI. As. Ear. i. p. 30 ; DC. 1. c. p. 
157, cum syn. — D. crcuticaulis, Benth. L c. p. 168. 2>. tetraphylla, 
Wkrht, Ic. 1. 1444.— c.p. 2082. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. 

10. MENTHA, Linn. 

1. BK. BTwenuiB, Linn. (BentL in DC. Prod. xii. p. 171, cum syn.) — 
M. Javamca^ Blume ; Benth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 2077. 

Hab. Borders of paddy-fields, in the Central Province. JSfom. vulg. 
"Odoo-talan." 

11. CALAMTNTHA, BentL 

1. O. OUnopodinm, Benth. — ^Var. umhrosa, H. f. MS. C vmhrosa, 
Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 232. C. repens, Benth. L c. p. 233, cum syn. 
Melissa umhrosa, Wight, Ic. 1. 1447. — c.p. 2058. 

Hab. JN^ewera Ellia. 

TRIE. STACMTBKS. 

12. SCUTBLLABIA, Linn. 

1. S. Tiolaeea, Heyne, (Wall. PI. As. Bar. i. p. 66; Benth. in DC. 
Prod. xii. p. 418, cum syn. j Wight, Ic. t. l44Q.)^8.Jloribunda, Benth. 
Lc. iS.«-o6i«f^Beniih.l.c.-^p. 217, 2716 (627). 



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240 BNUMEBATioN OF IZctbiota. 

Yar. P ; tota planta glabra vel subglabra ; foliis acutinB dentatis. — 
An 8, obhnga, var. y, Benth. 1. c. P — c.p. 3370. 

Var. y ; caule repente, radicante, patentim piloso ; foliis rotundatis, 
snbacutis, crenatis, villosulis ; JUyralibtis majonbus quam in var. a et ^. 
—c.p. 302. — ^An species distincta P 

Hab. Very common in the Central Proyince, up to an elevation of 
7000 feet. Var. y. Horton Plains. 

A very variable plant in the size of the flowers and in the amount and character of 
the pnb^cence, which latter upon the racemes varies from very glandular to being 
nearly or quite free from glands. Var. 7 may possibly prove to be a distinct species, 
but 1 am ^posed to believe it to be only a variety. 

2. B. oblonc^a, Benth. 1. c— c.p. 2057. 

Hab. Common on the rocky margins of streams in the Central Pro- 
vince, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

All my specimens have the leaves with their base narrowed gradually into the pe- 
tiole, and therefore belong to Bentham*s var. iS of this species, and which would 
seem to be the typical form of it. 

13. ANISOMELES, E. Br. 

1. A. oTata, E. Br. in Ait. Hort. Kew. ; Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 
455, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 865.--C.P. 2072. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Yakwanassa." 

2. A. Malsbarica, E. Br. in Bot. Mag. t. 2071 ; Benth. 1. c. p. 456, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 864.— C.P. 3672. 

Hab. Hot, (mer parts of the island. 

14. IiEUCAS, Benth. 

1. Zi. moUistffma, Wall. PI. Afl. Ear. i. p. 62 ,• Benth. in DC. Prod. 
xii_^. 626. — X. pilosa, Benth. in Wall. 1. c— c.p. 2075. 

Hab. North of the island, Gcirdner, 

I suspect that this is a mere state or variety of the following species, as the differ- 
ence between the two plants is scarcely sufficient to be considered speciflc. 

2. la. marrabioides, Desf. (Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 528.)— c.p. 
2071. 

Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Sooddoo-toomba." 

3. la. pubescetiB, Benth. Lab. p. 610 ; DC. Prod. p. 528.— An L. 
cmgularis, Benth. in Wall. PL As. Ear. i. p. 62 ; DC. Rod. p. 526 P 

Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Herb. Hook.). 

The species of this genus being so variable, may not this be a form only of the 
preceding P 

4. !■- procumben», Desf. (Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 527.) — L, hi- 
flora, Br. ; Benth. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 866.— c.p. 2053, 2074. 

Hab. Very abundant throughout the island, from the level of the sea 
up to 8000 feet. 

Tota planta molliter pubescens vel strigosula. Calyx omnino pubescens vd inter 
costas glaber, 3-4 lin. longus. 

5. Ii. Zeylanica, E. Br. (Prod. p. 504; Benth. 1. c. p. 531.)— X. ^- 



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Verhenacece.'] ceylon plants. 241 

pera, Spr. Benth. 1. c. p. 532. X. diffusa, Benth. 1. c. cum syn. L. 
hyssopifolia, Benth. 1. c. L. Walkeri, Benth. 1. c. — c.p. 2076. 

Cf. L, dvmidiata, Spr„ and L, linifolia, Spr. 

Hab. Very common throughout the island. Nom. vulg. " G-atta- 
toomba." 

A most variable species. The Cmghalese use the leaves as a medicine, and ia 
some parts of the island, I am told, as a vegetable in their carries. 

15. LEONOTIS, E. Br. 

1. Zi. nepeteefolia, E. Br. (Prod. p. 504 ; Benth. in DC. Prod. xii. p. 
535, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 867.)— c.p. 2070. 

Hab. H!ot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Maha-yakwan- 
assa." 

TRIB. JJUGEJE, 

16. TBUCBIUM, Linn. 

1. T. tomentosnm, Heyne, (Benth. in Wall. PL As. Ear. L p. 58 ; 
DC. Prod. xii. p. 582; Wight, lo. t. 1458.)— c.p. 212. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 



CXIX. yEEBENACEiE. 

TRIB. VERBENEJE. 

1. BOnCHEA, Cham. 

1. B. Hyderabadensisy Walp. Eep. iv. p. 12 ; Schauer in DC. 
Prod. xL p. 559, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1462.— c.p. 3574. 

Hab. On an open grassy spot between Madamahanewera and Aloot- 
newera, in the CentrS Province. 

l-2-pedaIi8. Corolla roseo-porpurea, 8-9 lin. in exp., ad fiiacem miiinte pilosola 
et intensius colorata ; lobis ohlongis rotundatis, inferiore latiore, ssepe retaso. An- 
therarum 2 superiores panim majores. Stylzts apicem prope abrupte deflexus. 
Stigma parvoin. Cocci Imeares, 4 lin. longi, membranaceo-margiiiati, externe striati, 
interne minute tnbercolati. 

2. STACHYTABPHA, St. 

1. S. Indies, Vahl, Enum. i. p. 206 ; Soh. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 564.— 
c.p. 3153. 

Hab. Very common throughout the island. Nom. vulg. " Balloona- 
koota." 

S. Jaimaicensis is a very common weed in cultivated ground, having become quite 
naturalized in the ialand. 

3. LIPPIA, Linn. 

1. Zi. nodiflora, Eich. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 585, cum syn. ; 
Wight, le. 1. 1463.)— C.P. 1947. 
Hab. Very abundant near the sea. Nom. vulg. "• Herimanadatta.** 

2i 



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• 242 BNUMBBATioN OP [Verhenocea, 

4. LANTANA, Linn. 

1. Zi. alba. Mill. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 606, cum 8jn.)^Laneana 
Indica, Eoxb. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1464.— c.p. 498. ^ 

Hab. Near Galagama, in the Central Province. 

Corolla (in meis specimio.) pallide parpurea. 

L. MIXTA, Linn. (I. aeuleata, Hort.), iutrodaced into the island abont thirty- 
five years ago, has become not only quite naturalized, but covers many hundred acres 
of uncultivated land in many parts of the island. Z'ant, trifolia, Linn,^ is also not 
an uncommon weed in cultivated ground. 

TRIB. VITICEM 
5. SYMFHOBEMA, Eoxb. 

1. B. inTolucratom, Eoxb. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 621 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 362.)— c.p. 3645. 
Hab. Near Trincomalie, Bev, S, O. Glenie, 

6. FBEMNA, linn. 

1. P. porpnraBcensy Thw. ; scandens ; ramulis teretibus, striatis ; 
foliis glabris, oblongis, abrupte breve et obtuse acuminatis, subcordatis, 
Bubtus minutissime reticulatis, petiolatis; paniculis tomenteUis, ter- 
minalibus, diyaricato-coirmbosis, multifloris, laxis ; paribus minutis ; 
calyce subintegro ; corolla subsequaliter 4-loba, lobis rotundatis, re- 
flexis ; staminibus exsertis, filamentis sequalibus, fauce insertis. — Pha- 
nicanthus Zeylanicus, Thw. in Herb. Hook. — c.p. 2698. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation. 

Folia 8-6-poU. longa, 1^-8 poll, lata, Isete viridia, venis cum petiolo \-2, poll, 
longo purpurascentibus. Panicula folio multum breviores, pnrpurese. Corolla pal- 
lide purpurea. 

2. P. serratifolia, Linn. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 632, cnm syn.) — 
P. integriMiay Linn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1469.— c.p. 1953. 

Hab. V ery common in ttie hotter parts of the islapd. Nom. vidg. 
" Middee-gass." 

The root of this plant is used medicinally by the Cinghalese 

3. P. latifolia, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 76 ; Sch. 1. c. p. 635 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 869.— An P. vihumoides, Wall. Sch. 1. c. P— c.p. 2893. 

Hab. Trincomalie, Bev. 8. O. Olenie. Caltura. Nom. vulg. " Mid- 
dee-gass." 

Like the preceding, of which this is possibly merely a variety, the present plant is 
employed as a medicine by the natives. 

4. P. micrantha, Schauer, 1. c. P — An P. mucronata, Eoxb. Sch. 1. c. P 
—c.p. 2541. 

Hab. Maturatte District. 

Arborea, 8-10-pedalis. Ramuli juniores pubescentes. Folia integra vel irregfu- 
luriter serrata, basi angustata vel rotundata, superue puberula, subtus cum petiolo pu- 
besceutia. Corolla flavida, interne fulvo-tincla. 

Though this does not quite agree with the description of either of the two species 
quoted above, it is not improbably one of them ; and I hesitate, with the materials I 
have, to describe it under a new specific name. 



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FerbenaceiB,'\ ceylon plants. 243 

6. P. tomentosa, Willd. (Sch. in DC. 1. c. p. 634, cum i^jrii. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 1468.)— c.p. 747. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Boo- 
sairoo-gass." 

6. P. procumbens. Wall. (Sch. 1. c. p. 636.)— c.p. 325. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. 

7. P. cordifoUa, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 78 ; Sch. 1. c. p. 632; Wight, 
Ic. 1. 1483.— c.p. 193. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Folia subglabra vel subtus tomentosa. Corolla flavida, plus minus rubro tincta. 

7. CALLICABFA, Linn. 

1. O. IW^aUicliiana, Walp. Eep. iv. p. 125 ; Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 
641, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1480.— c.p. 722. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Eela-gass.'^ 

8. CIiEBODENDBON, Linn. 

1. O. inerme, E. Br. in Ait. Hort. Kew. ; Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 
660, cum syn. — c.p. 1949. 

Hab. Very common near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Wal-gooranda." 

2. O. pUomoides, Linn. (Sch. 1. c. p. 663, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1473.)— c.p. 1950. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not very common. 

3. O. serratiim, Spr. (Sch. 1. e. p. 664, cum syn. ; Wight, let. 1472.) 
--C.P. 1951. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevaticm of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
"Ken-handa." 

4. C. Ziinnsei, Thw. — ^An Volkameriascandens, Linn.f. Supp. p. 292; 
Sch. 1. c. p. 657 P— C.P. 1948. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Scandens. Bamuli juniores subteretes, pilosi. Folia obovato-rotundata, sub- 
cordata, apicnlata, supeme pilosula, subtus pallidiora, glanduloso-punctata et pr£ecipue 
ad nervos pilosa, 2-3 poU. longa. Petiolo 2-3 lin. longo. Fanicula terminales, 
foliosee, corymbiformes, compactse, incano-pilosse. Fedicelli subnulli. Calyx hypo- 
craterifonnis, breve 5-dentatns, in antliesi 1^ lin. longus. Corolla alba, exteme 
pilosa, tuba 3 lin. longo, limbo 5 lin. in exp., lobis oblongis obtnsis, inferiore panun 
longiore. Filamenta valde elongata. 

This is most probably, I think, Volk. scandens, Linn. f. ; but, as the description 
of the latter does not quite accord with our plant, and as the name of Cler. scandens 
has been applied by Palisot de Beauvois to another species of the genus, I have 
thought it best to (»11 the present Cler. lAnncBi, 

5. O. infortanatmn, Linn. (Sch. 1. c. p. 667, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1471.— c.p. 2894. 

Hab. Not uncommon in damp forests, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. Nom. vulg. *' Gas-pinna." 
C. SiPHONANTHUS, R. Br , is common in gardens, but is not truly indigenous. 



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244 BNUMEBATIOK OF IPlumboffinacea, 

9. GMELINA9 Linn. 

1. O. AsiaUeai Linn. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 679, cum syn.) — G. 
pa/rvtfolia, Eoxb. PI. Cor. ii. 1. 162 ; Sch. 1. c. cmn syn.— o.p. 1952. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Gatta-demmata." 

2. O. Rheedei, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4395 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. 239.— 
G, arhorea, Wight, Ic. 1. 1470.— An G. arhorea, Eoxb., var. P— c.P. 128 

Hjlb. Common up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. " At- 
demmata." 

Arbor ingens, 40-50-pedali8, patnla. 

The bark and roots of this and the preceding species are used medicinally by the 
Cinghalese. 

10. VITBX, Linn. 

1. V. trifolia, Linn. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 683, cum syn.)— o.p. 
1955. 

Hab. I^ear the sea, not uncommon. 

2. V. Neir^ndoi Linn. (Sch. 1. Ci p. 684, cum syn. ; Wight, lo. t. 
5190— C.P. 1956. 

Hab. Common on the banks of rivers and streams, up to an elevation 
of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Sooddoo-nikka-gass." 

3. V. altiMima, Linn. f. (Sch. 1. c. p. 685, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1466.)— An F. alata^ Heyne, Sch. 1. c. P—c.p. 1958. 

Hab. Common in forests, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Mililla-gass," " Meeyan-miliUa-gass." 

Folia sabglabra vel snbtos molliter pnbescentia, petiolo ssepe pins minus alato. 

This tree produces one of the most valuable timbers in the ialand for building and 
other purposes. 

4. V. pubescens, Vahl, (Sch. 1. c. cum syn, ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1466.) 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, (Herb. Sook,) 

5. V. lencozylon^ Linn. f. (Sch. 1. c. p. 692, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1467.)— F. salignay Eoxb. Sch. I.e.— c.P. 1957. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. 

TRIB. AVICENNIEM 

11. AVICENNIA, Linn. 

J. A. officinalis, Linn. (Sch. in DC. Prod. xi. p. 700, cum syn. 5 
Wight, Ic. tt. 1481, 1482.)— c.P. 1961 (1962). 
Hab. I^ot imcommon near the sea. 



CXX. PLTJMBACJINACE^. 

1. PLUMBAGO, Toum. 

1. P. Zeylanica, Linn. (Boissier in DC. Prod. xii. p. 692, cum syn.) — 
c.r. 2265. 



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Pohfganaeea.'] ceylom plants. 245 

Hi.B. Very common in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"EUa-nettol." 

P. BOSEA, linn., called by the Cinghalese " Rat-nettol," is not uncommon in gar- 
dens, bat I cannot bear of its occurring truly wild. It is much valued as a medi- 
cinal plant. 

CXXI. PLANTAGINACE^. 
1. PLANTAGO, Linn. 

1. P. major, Linn. (Var. j3 Asiatica, Dene, in DC. Prod, xiii.-i. p. 
694)— P. Asiatica, Linn.— c.p. 2246. 

HIab. Common in the most elevated parts of the Central Province. 

P. LANOEOLATA, linn., is become a common weed at Newera Ellia, having been 
introduced with grass-seeds from Europe. 



CXXII. NYCTAGINACEiE. 
1. PISONIA, Plum. 

1. P. acnleata, Linn. ; Choisy in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 440, cum syn. 
—P. villosa, Poir. 1. c. P. Georgina, Wall.— c.p. 2266. 
Hab. JS^ot uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. • 

2. BOERHAAVIA, Linn. 

3. B. diffcuMky Linn. ; Choisy in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 452, cum syn. 
S. procumbens, Eoxb. ; Wight, Ic. t. 874.— c.p. 1099. 

Hab. Very common on sanoy or gravelly places. Nom. vulg. ** Pitta- 
sooddoo-pala." 

CXXIII. POLTGONACE^. 
1. POLYGONirM, Linn. 

1. P. barbatnm^ Linn. (Meisner in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 104, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1798.)— c.p. 3000. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not uncommon. 

2. P. PoBumbn, Ham. in Don Pr. Fl. Nep. p. 71 ; Wall. Cat. N. ; 
an Meisner P— P. strictum, Allioni ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1800.— c.p. 2591. 

Hab. Dimboola, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

3. P. •ermlatnm, Lag. (Meisn. 1. c. p. 110, cum syn.)— c.P. 2999. 
Hab. Gralle. 

This is considered by Dr. Hooker to be merely a variety of P. mite, Schr. 

4. P. glabmm, Willd. (Meisn. 1. c. p. 114, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1799.)— c.p. 2907. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Dr. Heoker belieyes this to be a variety of P. Fersicariay Linn. 



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246 EKiTHEBATiON OP IStUsolocea, 

6. p. tomemtosnm, Willd. (Meisn. 1. o. p. 124, ciim syn.)— c.p. 2248. 
Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. 

6. P. perforatnm, Meisn. 1. c. p. 128, cum syn. — P. Nepalense, 
Meisn. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1804.--C.P. 2251. 

Hi.B. Very abundant throughout the island. 

7. P. CUnense, Linn. (Meisn. 1. c. p. 130, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1 86.)—c.p. 2249. 

Hab. a very common plant. 

8. ?. strigrosnm, R. Br. (Meisn. 1. c. p. 134, cum syn.) — P. murica- 
turn, Meisn. 1. c. p. 133.— c.p. 2250. 

Hab. Most elevated parts of the Central Province. 

9. P. peduncvlarey Wall. (Meisn. l.c. p. 133, cum syn.)— c.p. 3348. 
Hab. South of the island. 



CXXIV. SALSOLACE^. 

1. CHBNOPODIUM, Toum. 

1. C. murale, Linn. (Moquin in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 69, cum syn.) — 
c.p. 3658. 
■ Hab. Tnncomalie, Bev, 8. O, Glenie. 

2. ATBIPLEX, Geertn. 

1. A. repemsy Both, (Moq. 1. c. p. 99.)~c.p. 2252. 
Hab. North of the island, Garwner, 

3. ABTHBOCNEMT7M, Moquin. 

1. A. Zndicum, Moq. in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 151, cum syn. — Soli- 
comia Indica, Willd. ; Wight, Ic. t. 737.— c.p. 2262. 
Hab. North of the island. 

4. SUiEDA, Forsk. 

1. 8. nudiflora, Moq. in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 156, cum syn. — o.P. 
2261. 

Hab. Putlam, Mo<m, Tnncomalie, Bev, 8, O. Glenie. Batticoloa, 
etc. 

In my apecimens the styles vary in nmnber from 2 to 5, bat there are most com- 
monly 4. 

2. S. Zndica, Moq. 1. c. p. 156, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1796. — c.P. 



Hab. Putlam, Moon, Jafiha, and Calpentyne, Gar drier, 
I have not seen fresh specimens in flower of this species, so have not had an op- 
portunity of comparing it so critically as I could wish with the preceding, to which 
it is evidently very closely allied. 

Basella bvbsa, Linn., is commonly cultivated in gardens, but is certainly not 
iodigenous. 



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AmarantaceiB.'] ceylon plants. 247 

CXXV. AMAEANTAOELE. 
1. CELOSIA, Linn. 

1. C. polyg^noides, Eetz, (Moquin in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 238, cum 
sm)— c.p. 2240. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

2. C. pnlchella, Moq. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1768.— C.P. 2238. 
Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. O. argemtea, Moq. 1. c. p. 242, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1767. — ^An 
C. cristata, Moq. 1. c, var. P — c.p. 2245. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Kirri-handa." 

2. CHAMISSOA, Kunth. 

1. O. nodifloray Mart. (Moq. in DC. Prod. xiii.-ii. p. 249, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1770.)— a albida, Moq. 1. c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1769. 
C aichotoma, Moq. L c. cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1771. C. esculenta, 
Moq. L c. cum syn. An C. aspera, Wight, Ic. t. 1772 P — c.p. 2244, 
2726, 3164. 

Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. 

After examining a large series of specimens, I have fonnd it quite impossible to 
arrive at any other condusion bat that the several plants I have enmnerated are mere 
forms of one very variable species. The shape of the leaves and amount of pubes- 
cence are most inconstant characters ; the sml varies in being more or less minutely 
punctate ; and the whole plant is thin and flaccid, or of tolerably firm consistence. 

3. AMARANTHS, Toum. 
(Norn. vulg. " Tampala.") 

1. A. oleracensy Eoxb. M. Ind. iii. p. 605 ; Wight, Ic. t. 715 (vix 
Euxohis oleraceus, Moquin in BC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 273.) — A. Gauge- 
ticus, Linn. ; Moq. L c. p. 261, cum syn. A, lanceolattis, Soxb. 1. c. p. 
607. — ^An A. melancholiciis, Linn. ; Moq. 1. c. p. 262, cum syn. P — c.p. 
3629. 

Hab. Very common in native gardens, but hardly indigenous. 

2. A. polyg^amus, Linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 603 ; Wight, Ic, t. 
714.) — JSti^oliis pol^/gamust Moq. 1. c. p. 272. — ^An A, tristris, Linn. ; 
Moq. 1. c. p. 260, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. tt. 514, 713 P— c.p. 3642. 

Hab. Common in cultivated ground. 

The smaller size and procumbent habit of A, polygamus appear to me to be the 
principal points of distinction between it and A. oleraceus, to which it is extremely 
closely allied, if it be not indeed a form of it. In my specimens the utriculi, when 
perfectly ripe, have the circumscissal dehiscence of Amaranttu, 

3. A. spinosvui, Linn. (Moq. 1. c. p. 260, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
513.— C.P. 2910. 

Hab. Very abundant in waste places. 

A. PRUifENTAOEUS, Ham. (an A. cruentttSf Linn. ?), A. hypochondriactts, Linn., 
and A. caudatus, linn., occur as cultivated plants. All the species of Amarantvs 
and Euxolus are used as vegetables by the Cinghalese. 



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248 BNUMEEATioN OP [Amo/rantocetB, 

4 EUXOLUS, Eafin. 
(Nom. vulg. " Koora-tampala.") 

1. E. caudattuii Moquin in DC. Prod. xiii.-ii. p. 274, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1773.— c.p. 2911. 

Hab. Yery abundant on waste ground. 

2. S. poly^onoides. — Amhlogyne polygonoides, E>afin. ; Moq . 1. c. p. 
270, cum syn. Amarantus polygonoides, L. ; WiUd. ; Wight, Ic. t. 512. 

Hjlb. Yery common in cultivated ground, etc. 
This, as suspected by Moquin, does not differ generically from Euxolus. It is 
very closely allied indeed to E. caudatuSy Moq., and might perhaps be safely consi- 
dered a variety of it. 

5. PSILOTBICHUM, Blume. 

1. P. sclermathtimi Thw.; suf{ruticosum;ra^t«Z^teretibus,tomentel- 
lis ; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, acutis, basi in petiolum brevem angustatis, 
pHosulis ; spicis terminalibus, parum ramosis, obtusis ; florihus densis ; 
hracteolis late ovatis, mucronatis, 2 interioribus glabris, exteriore mi- 
nore, pubescente ; sepalis subsequalibus, rigidis, lanceolatis, acutis, ob- 
scure 6-nerviis, exteme pilosis, quam bracteolae duplo longioribus. — c.p. 
2239. 

Hi.B. Anooradhapoora, Gardner, 
, Folia l-lf poll, longa, 4-7 lin. lata. Mores 2 lin. longi, albidi. 

At first sight this might be taken for a small form of Banalia thyrsiflora^ Moq., 
but its simple stigma brings it within the present genus. 

6. PTILOTUS, E. Br. 

1. P. oTEttuiy Moquin in DC. Prod. xiii.-ii. p. 281, cum syn.— c.p. 
2235. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

7. -ffilBVA, Forsk. 

1. iE. Javanica, Juss. (Moquin in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 299, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 876.)— c.p. 2255. 

Hab. Isorth of the island, Gardner, 

2. iE. lanata^ Juss. (Moq. 1. c. p. 303, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 723.) 
—c.p. 2253. 

Hab. Very abundant on waste ground. Nom. vulg. " Pol-hoonoo- 
pala." 

3. iE. Monsoma, Moq. 1. c. p. 305, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 725.— 
JE7. setacea, Moq. 1. c. 

Hab. North of the island. Dyke, {Serb, JffooJc,) 

8. NOTHOS-ffilBVA, Wight, Ic. vi. p. 1. 

Fseudanthui, Wight, Ic. t..l776 (non Lieb.). 

1. N. brachiata, Wight. 1. c. — JSrva brachiata, Mart. Beitr. Ama- 
rant. p. 83 ; Moquin, 1. c. (partim). — c.p. 2254 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 



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Amarantacea.'} c«ylon plants. 249 



9. ACHYTtANTHES, Linn. 

1. A. bidentata, Blume, (Moquin in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 312, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1779.)~c.p. 2236. 
Hab. V ery abundant on waste ground. 

2- A. aspera, linn. (Moq. 1. c. p. 314, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1777.) 
— c.p. 2243. 

Hab. Equally abundant with the preceding, and in similar places. 
Nom. vulg. ** Gas-karral-habba." 

This plant is employed medicinally in cases of dysentery. 

3. A. arg^entea. Lam. (Moq. 1. c. p. 315, cum syn.) — A,porphvrO' 

stachva, Wall. ; Moq. 1. c. p. 316. A. rubro-Jiisca, Wight, Ic. 1. 1778. 
An A. osperiB var. P — c.p. 2909. 

Hab. Caltura, Moon, 

I am quite disposed to think, with Dr. Hooker, that this is probably merely a 
variety of A. aspera. 

10. CENTROSTACHYS, Wall. 

1. C. diandra, Wall. (Moq. in DC. Prod. xiiii.-ii. p. 322, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 722.)— c.p. 2241. 
Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. 

11. DIGERA, Forsk. 

1. D. arrensis, Forsk. (Moq. in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 324, cum syn:) 
—DesmocluBte muricata, Wight, Ic. t. 732.— c.p. 2912. 
Hab. North of the island. Moon. 

12. CYATHULA, Lour. 

1. C. ]»ro«tata| Blume, (Moquin in DC. Prod. xiii.-ii. p. 326, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 733.)— c.p. 2242. 

Hab. V ery abundant. Nom. vulg. " Bin-karral-habba.'* 
Employed as a medicine by the Cinghalese in cases of dysentery. 

2. C. capitata, Moqum, 1. c. p. 329 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1782.— c.p. 3112. 
Hab. Ooma Oya, near Kandy. 

In my specimens the standnodia are mnch wider and more copiously fimbriated 
than they are represented in Dr. "Wight's figure. 

13. PUPALIA, Juss. 

1. P. atropnrporeai Moquin in DC. Prod, xiii.-ii. p. 331, cum syn. — 
BesmochcBte atropurpureay DC. ; Wight, Ic. t. 731.— c.p. 2237. 

Hab. Common in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. P. orbiculatai Wight, Ic. t. 1783.— C^a^AwZa orhiculata, Moquin, 
l.cjE». 330, cum syn.— c.p. 2234. 

Bjlb. Hotter parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

2 k 



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260 BNUMEBATioM AF [Tk^fmelooem. 

14. ALTEBNAirFHEBA, Mart. 

1. A. sessilis, E. Br. (Moq. in DC. Prod. xiii.-ii. p. 357, com syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 727.)—^. nodiflora, E. Br. ; Moq. 1. o. p. 366. A, dentin 
culata, E. Br. ; Moq. 1. c. cum syn. — o.p. 2908. 

Hab. Very abunoant throughout the island. Norn. vulg. " Mokoo- 
noo-wanna.'* 



CXXVI. PHYTOLACCACEiE. 
1. GIESECKIA, Linn. 

1. O. pliamaceoides, linn. (Moq. in DC. Prod. xiii.~ii. p. 27, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1167.)--c.p. 1093. 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

Phytolacca octandra, Moq., occurs occasionally as an escape firom gardens ; and 
Bivina lavis, Linn., is become naturalized in some places. 

CXXVII. PEOTEACKS:. 
1. HELICIA, Lour. 

• 1. H. Cejlanica, Gardner in Calcutta Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. 
p. 463 ; Meisner in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 438.— c.p. 690. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet ; not very 
common. 

Jrbor mediocris. Pedunculi pedicelliqae pnrpurei. Flares pallide flavi. Frudus 
ovoidei, utrinque parum acuminati, nncis avellanse magnitndine, atro-purpnrei. 

I have examined a great many flowers of this species, and have found the ovary 
bioTulate in all, in this respect agreeing with the other species of the genus. The 
locnlus has at its upper part two sluning slight prominences, which were probably mis- 
taken by Dr. Gardner for another pair of ovules. 

CXXVIIL THTMELACKS:. 
1. WIKSTBCEMIA, Endl. 

1. IV. Tirg^ata, Meisner in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 647, cum syn. — W. 
canescensy Meisner, 1. c. cum syn. W. iTtamoefia, Meisn. 1. c. W, salt- 
cifolia. Dene. ; Meisn. 1. c. p. 646. Daphne inamoBna, Grardn. in Calc. 
Joum. of Nat. Hist. vol. vu. p. 464.— c.p. 2206. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

2. IiASIOSIPHON, Fresen. 

1. Zi. eriocephalus, Dene. (Meisn. in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 697, cum 
syn.)-r^. speciosus, Dene. ; Meisn. 1. c. p. 698. Ghiidia eriocephala, 
Wight, Ic. t. 1869. Gnidia {Dingia) eriocephcda, Grardner in Calcuttik 
Joum of Nat. Hist. vol. vii. p. 466 — c.p. 469. 



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8antalace€B.'] cbylon plants. 251 

Var. p, Zeyltmicus, Meisn. 1. c. ; Onidia (Dingia) insulciris, Ghordner, 
L c— c.p. 2913. 

Hab. Drier parts of the island, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Naha-gass." 

The two varieties of this species merge insensibly into one another* The bark is 
need for poisoning fish ; a very excellent fibre is also obtained &om it. 

3. GYBINOPS, Gartn. 

1. a. IXTaUay Grartn. (Meisn. in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 602, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1850.)— c.p. 1828. 

Kab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
"Walla-gass." 

The bark of this plant yields a very strong fibre. 

4. DBYMISFEBMUM, Eeinw. 

1. p. eauliflomm, Thw. ; arborea, glabra ;foliis nitidis, oblongo-lan- 
ceolatis, longiuscule acuminatis, basi acutis, brevi-petiolatis ; capitulis 
caulinis, brevissime pedunculatis ; cah/ce glabro, lohis ab marginem vil- 
losulis ; staminibus biserialibus ; filamentis subsequilongis.^-c.p. 3459. 

Hab. Hewessee, in the Pasdoon Corle, on the banks of a stream. 

Arbor parva, elegans ; ramis elongatis, sabpendulis. Folia 6-9 poll, longa, li-3i 
K)ll. lata. Bracteola ovatae, acute, drciter 3 hn. longee. Flores albidi, 8 lin. 
longi ; lobis calycinis rotundatis, obtasis. Fructus ovoidei, parorn acominati, nucis 
avdlanse magnitndine, camosi, sanguinei. 

5. CANSJEBA, Juss. 

1. C. Rheedeii, Grmel. (Meisn. in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 519, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1861.)— C.P. 189. 
Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. 



CXXIX. SANTALACKS. 
1. PYBULABIA, Mich. 

1. P. l^allicMma, A. DC. Prod. xiv. p. 629, cum imi.— P. Ceyla- 
idea, A DC. 1. c. SphBroca/rya WalUchiana, Wight, to. t. 241.— c.p. 
2555. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Partes joniores, com infloresoentia, mbrsB. 

2. OSYBIS,Linn. 

2. O. arborea. Wall. (A. DC. Prod. xiv. p. 633.)— O. Wightiana, 
WaU. ; A. DC. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1853.— c.p. 53 (206, 602.) 

Hab. Oova, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 
feet ; abundant. 



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262 BNUMEBATioK OF \_Lav/racea 



CXXX. EL^AGNACE^. 

1. ELJEAGNUS, Linn. 

1. S. latifolia, Linn. (Schlecht. in DC. Prod. xiv. p. 610, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1856.)—^. conferta, Eoxb. El. Lid. ; Schl. 1. c. p. 612. JS. 
arhorea, Eoxb. 1. c. ; Schl. 1. c. p. 611. JS.ferruginea, Ach. Rich. ; 
Schl. 1. c. p. 610. E. Wallichiana, Schl. 1. c. p. 612. JS.parvifolia, 
Eoxb. ; Schl. 1. c. JS. Thwaitesii, Schl. 1. c. p. 611. ^. Koloffa.Sclal, 
1. 0. — Foliis snbtus argenteo-leprosis, squamis ferrugineis nullis vel 
paucissimis intermixtis. — c.p. 2263. Foliis firmioribus, ssepius majori- 
bus, snbtus squamis argenteis ferrugineisque intermixtis leprosis i^ri- 
htis parum brevioribus. — c.p. 2264, 83. Foliis firmis, saepius basi ro- 
tundatis, snbtus ferrugineo-leprosis. — c.p. 2724. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

I believe we have but one species of this genus indigenous to Ceylon, buk it is an 
extremely variable plant. When occurring in the hotter parts of the island the leaves 
are more membranaceous, and have their leprous scales nearly all white ; higher up, 
on the hills, the leaves are usually larger and firmer, and there is a greater intermix- 
ture of ferruginous scales, and sometimes the scales are all ferruginous. 



CXXXI. DATISCACEiE. 

1. TETBAMELES, E. Br. 

1. T. nudiflora, E. Br. in PL Jav. Ear. p. 19. t.* 17.— iSf. fforsfieldii, 
Steud. Nomenc. p. 171.-;C.p. 3113. 
Hab. Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation ; not common. 

CXXXII. LAUEACE^. 



1. CINNAMOMUM, Burm. 

1. C. Zejlanicum, Breyn. (N. ab E. System. Laurin. p. 45, cum 
syn.; Wight, Ic. tt. 128, 129, 134.)— C. Capparu, Coronde; Blume; 
]N . ab E. 1. c. p. 66^cum. syn.— c.p. J283, 2284. 

Var. j3. multiflorum, — C. muUiflortm^ Wight, Ic. tt. 126, 131. C. du- 
bium, N. ab E. L c. p. 41 ; Wight, t. 135. C. perpetuo-Jlorens, Wight, 
Ic. t. 141. a mllosum, Wight, Ic. t. 127.— c.p. 37, 2282. 

Yar. y. ovalifoliwm, — C. ovaltfolium, Wight, Ic. t. l25.— c.p. 263,^ 
(317, 628.) 

Hab. Pretty generally distributed in forests up to an elevation of 
3000 feet. Var. j3. Common in the Central Province, up to 3000 feet. 
Var. y. At an elevation of 4000 to 8000 feet. 

Without the opportunity, which I have had, of seeing numerous examples of this 
very variahle tree, I should scarcely have ventured to unite the ahove-enumerated ' 
varieties under one specific name, so unlike one another are the extreme forms of each ; 
but in a large series of specimens it is frequently difficult, or even impossible, to de- 
termine to which variety to refer some of them, so intermediate are they in character. 

The best cinnamon of commerce is the produce of what I consider a cultivated or 
selected form of var. a, and the trees of this form have usually large leaves of some- 



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Lawracea.'] cbylon plants. 253 

what irregnlar shape ; but the bark of all the forms of this species possesses the 
odour of cinuamon in a greater or less degree, and it is not always possible to judge 
of the quality of the bark from the foliage, for I have observed the cinnamon-peelers, 
when collecting bark from uncultivated trees, taste a small portion before commencing 
their operations, and pass over some trees as unfit for their purpose. The bark of 
varr. $ and 7 is of very inferior quality, and I have been informed is never collected, 
except for the purpose of adulteration. 

A fragrant oil, sold under the name of " Clove Oil," is obtained by distillation 
from the leaves of the cultivated Cinnamon-tree, and the roots yield, under a similar 
process, a certain quantity of camphor. The ripe seeds contain some amount of 
stearine, but I cannot learn that it is now extracted for any purposes. 

I strongly suspect that C. odtusi/olium, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 33, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 139 ; C. Bazania, ^. ab iS. 1. c. p. 36, cum syn. ; C. Malabathmm, Batka ; 
N. ab E. 1. c. p. 38, cum syn. ; C. iners, Wight,-Tc. tt. 122, 122 bis, 230 ; and C. , 
nitidum, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 43, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 124, will prove to be mere 
forms of the present species. 

2. C. citriodon&m, Thw. ; foliis glabris, nitidis, coriaceis, ovatis vel 
oblongis, plus minus obtuse acuminatis, penniteniis vel rarius ad basin 
breviter 3-nerviis, venis inconspicuis ; paniculis multifloris, elongatulis, 
Bubterminalibus, incano-pilosuns ; lohis perianthii ad basin deciduis. — 
C.P. 393. 

Hab. 'Safragam District and near Gralagama, at an elevation of 1000 
to 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Pangaree-kooroondoo-gass.'* 

Arbor 20-30-pedalis, dense ramosa, compacta. Ramulijuniores pilosuli. Folia 
U-3 poll, longa, f-H poll, lata; petiolo semipollicari. Pedicelli floribus breviores. 
Fructus oblongus, basi perianthii truncata cyathiformi suffoltus. 

Well distinguished from every form of the preceding species by the venation of 
its leaves and by the truncated cup of the fruit. The bark of this species has much 
of the odour of citronella oil, intermixed with something of the fragrance of common 
cinnamon. 

3. C. litseeeefolium, Thw. ; foliis glabris, coriaceis, ovato-lanceolatis, 
obtusiusculis, triplinerviis (nervis lateralibus infra medium folii evanes- 
centibus), subtus paUidioribus ; paniculis elongatis, apertis, multifloris, 
subterminalibus, incano-pilosidis ; lobis perianthii ad basin deciduis. — 
c.p. 392. 

Hab!* HapooteUe, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Kooddoo-kooroondoo-gass." 

Arbor 50-60-pedaliB, versus apicem ramosum. Famuli juniores pilosuli. Folia 
2i-6 poll, longa, l-2i poll, lata ; petiolo i-f poll, longo. Pedicelli floribus lon- 
giores. 

Nearly allied to the preceding, but the larger size and different shape and venation 
of the leaves sufficiently distinguish it. The bark of this species is quite inodorous. 

2. APOLLONIAS, N. ab E. 

1. A. Zejlanica, Thw. ; arborea, glabra ; foliis oppositis, oblongis 
vel oblongo-lanceolatis, parum obtuse acuminatis, valae reticiilatis, basi 
angustatis, petiolatis ; paniculis multifloris ; perianthio deciduo. — c.p. 
2485. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 

Arbor 50-60-pedalis. Folia 4-8 poll, longa, 1^-3 poll, lata, peHolo 4-8 lin. 
longo. Mores 1 lin. lougi, pallide virides. Fructus cylindrico-oblongus, 8 lin. 
longps, 3 lin. latus, pedicello incrassato, truncato, 1-2 lin. longo. 

This agrees so well in most respects with the other described species of Apollanias^ 



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254 BiruMBBATiON OF ILouTcicea, 

that the deciduous perianth of the present can scarcely be considered more than a 
specific character. It is evidently very closely allied to Haasia Wi^hHi, Nees. 

3. MACniLUS, Eumph. ; Nees. 

1. M. macrantha^ N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 174, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 1824.— Jlf. fflaucescem, Wight. Ic. 1. 1825.— c.p. 2270, (2271.) 

Hab. Central and South-western Provinces, at an elevation of 1500 
to 4000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Oolooloo-gass." 

The timber of this large tree is useful for building purposes. 

4. ALSEOBAFHNE, N. ab E. 

1. A. semicarpifolia, N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 182, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. tt. 1826, 1827.— C.P. 2269. 

Hi.B. Hot, drier parts of the island ; not uncommon. 

Fructus oblongus, 8 lin. longus, 5 lin. latus; pedicello iacroBaaXo, tubercolato, 
6-10 lin. longo. 

A very variable plant as regards the size and shape of the leaves. 

5. CBYPTOCABYA, E. Br. 

1. O. IXTifiThUana, Thw, —ajloribunda, Wight, Ic. 1. 1829, (non N. 
ab E. fid. Hook, f.)— c.p. 414, (2392.) 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Groloo- 
mora-gass." 

Folia subtos ferrugineo-puberula. Fructus subspheericus, nitidas, niger, waad- 
pollicaris. 

A large tree, usefol for building purposes. 

2. C. membraaaoeai Thw. ; foliis oblongis vel rarius ovato-oblongis, 
abrupte acuminatis, subglabris, membranaceis, utrinque minute promi- 
nentmi reticulatis, basi acutis et parum obliquis ; paniculis brevibus, 
paucifloris, ferrugineo-tomentellis ;fructibus oblongo-ovoideis, ecostatis. 
— C.P. 2701. 

Hab. Safiragam District, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris. Folia 2^-7 polL longa, 1-2} poll, lata, petiolo 3-4 hn. longo. 
Fructus atro-porpureus, circiter 7 lin. longus. 

This would seem, judging from Nees von Esenbeck's description of his C, amyg- 
dalinay in Syst. Laur. p. 208, to be closely allied to that species, and to differ finom 
it principally in having mudi smaller panicles of flowers. 

6. TETBANTHEBA, N. ab E. 

(Cum Lepidadenia, N. ab E.) 

1. T. tomemtosa, Eoxb. (N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 511, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1834.)--c.p. 2275. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation 6f 4000 feet ; common. 
Nom. vulg. " Kos-badda-gass." 

2. T. lif^nstrina, N. ab E. L c. p. 513, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1835. 
—c.p. 2773. 

Hab. Central Province, Macrae. 



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Lamracece.'] cetlon plants. 255 



3. T. Bozbnripliiiy N. ab E. 1. c. p. 515, cum syn. — c.p. ! 
Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 

**Bo-mee-ga88.** 

4. T. nemoralSji, Thw.; caule erecto, simplici vel parce ramoso, te- 
rete, fusco-ferrugineo-velutino ;/o^mmajusculis, lanceolatis, basi apice- 
que acutis, utrinque ( junioribus) ftwco-ferrugineo-villosis, denique su- 
perne subglabris, subtus reticulatis ; umhellulis parvis, axillaribuB 
caulinisque, fasciculatis, glabris vel sparsissime pilosis. — c.p. 2921. 

Hab. Galle District, under the shade of large trees in forests. 

10-12-pedalis. Folia 1-2-pedalia, 24-4 poll, longa, petiolo i-24 poll, longo. 
Fedunculi 1-2 lin. longi. Umbellula parvee, 5-flor8e. Ferianthium 6-partitum, 
lobis deciduis. Fructus subsphcericis, apiculatis, 4 lin. in diam., pedicello circiter 1 
lin. longo. 

5. T. longifolia, N. ab E. 1. c. p, 528, et var, i3.— C.P. 223, 79, (230, 
417,587.) 

Var. y ; foliis glabris vel subglabris. — c.p. 2274. 
Hab. Common in the Centm Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 
7000 feet. 
Arbor panra, parce ramosa. Fructus spheericus, 8-4 lin. in diam. 

6. T. g^lab^rriina, Thw. ; foliis ovatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, parum 
abrupte acuminatis, minute reticulatis, basi acutis, subtus claucis : venis 
primariis paucis, multum arcuatis ; umhellulis parvis, axBlaribus, fas- 
ciculatis, 4-floris; perianthio 6-paurtito, lobis deciduis; fructihus ob- 
longis. — c.p. 2606. 

Hab. Allagalla, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia 2-7 poll, longa, 1-3 poll, lata, petiolo 4-8 lin. longo. Flores 
dioici. 

In general appearance closely resembling the last species, from which it is dis- 
tinguished by being glabrous in every part, by its wider leaves with more arcoate 
primary veins, and its differently shaped fruit. 

7. T. Oardneriy Thw. ; arborea ; foliis majusculis, trapezoideo- vel 
obovato-oblongis, obtusis, coriaceis, supeme glabris, subtus albido- 
tomentellis, basi acutis; inflorescentia a.dIUuri, racemoidea, quam 
fohum multo breviore, albido-tomentella ; firuetibus subsphsericis. — 
c.p. 40. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor 40-50-pedali8. Folia 4-12 poll, longa, 2-6 poll, lata ; venit primariis 
pamm arcuatis, supeme depressis, subtus valde prominentibus ; petiolo i-li poll, 
longo. Fedunculi communes 1-3 poU. longi, partiales 2-5 lin. longi. Umbellula 
5-flor8e. Flores dioici ; perianthio 6- rarius 4-partito, externe sericeo, interne glabro, 
lobis deciduis. Stamina sfiepissime 9, 8 interiora biglandulosa. Fructus 4-5 lin. 
in diam. 

This would seem to bear very considerable resemblance to Lepidadenia Wightiana, 
N. ab E., but the more numerously veined and oblique leaves of the latter, together 
with its hermaphrodite flowers and more numerous stamens, would appear sufficiently 
to distinguish it. In some of the male flowers, however, of the present plant there 
are, in addition to the nine fertile stamens, two or three central biglandular abortive 
ones, and thus is exhibited a character intermediate .between that of Tetranthera and 
that of Lepidadenia, and justifying the suppression of the latter genus. 

8. T. iteodaphne, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 642.— c.p. 10, (351, 729, 2487.) 
Yar. fi ; foliis minoribus, anguste lanceolatis, ssepe valde acuminatis. 

—c.p. 360. 



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266 ENUMEBATiON OF ILouroceiB. 

Var. y ;foliis ellipticis reloblongis, paruio acnininatiB vel rarius apice 
rotundatis. — c.P. 2^. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris, 20-30-pedalis. Folia subtus minute puberula, rarius glabra, 2-6 
poll, longa, i-2 poll, lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Perianthium ssepissime 4-partitum, 
lobis deciduis. Stamina ssepissime 8, 4 interiora biglandulosa. Fructiu oblongis, 
ruber. 

A most variable plant, the extreme forms of which are so very dissimilar in ap- 
pearance, that they might well be taken for distinct species ; but they so merge one 
into the other that is impossible to consider them other than varieties. Var. 7 ap- 
proaches very closely some forms of the next species. 

9. T. oralifolia. — Lepidadenia ovalifolia, Wight, Ic. t. 1839. — c.P. 
167, (321, 2488, 2489, 2490.) 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Arbor 80-40-pedalis, ramulis foliisque junioribus atro-violaceis, fugaci-puberulis. 
Folia ovata, oblonga vel ovato-lanceolata, obtusa, basi rotundata vel parum acuta, 
glabra, subtus pallidiora, 2-6 poll, longa, 1-3 poU. lata, petiolo 2-6 lin. longo. Fe^ 
rianthium 4-8-partitum, lobis deciduis. Stamina 8-16, biserialia, interioribus bi- 
glandulosis, sed ssepe numerosiora, valde irregularia confertaque. Fructus subsplue- 
ricus. 

7. ACTINODAPHNE, N. ab E. 

1. A. sUuca, N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 599.-^.p. 3518, P2536. 
Ha lagalla, at an elevation of 7000 to 8000 feet. 

Arbor 20-30-pedali8. Flores foem. fascicnlati, li lin. longi, exteme cum pedi- 
cellis 2 lin. lougis fermgineo-p&osi. Stamina sterilia spathulata, acuta, glabra. 
Frttctus subspheericus, basi perianthii aucta parum crenulata suffultus. 

2. A. stenopliylla, Thw. ; arborea ; jpartihus junioribus injloresceu' 
tiaqae ferrugineo-tomentosis ; foliis ad apicem ramuli sabverticillatis, 
5-7-nis, lineari-lanceolatis, obtusis, minutissime reticulatis, penniveniis, 
denique glabris, subtns albo-proinosis, basi parum angnstatis ifasciculis 
4-8-noris, secus ramulum inn*a folia sparsis ; florihus dioicis ; pedicelUs 
subsequilongis ; perianthii lobis 6, deciduis ; fructibus spb^sricis. — c.P. 
303,2491. 

Hab. Abundant in the Oovah and Badulla Districts, up to an eleva- 
tion of 3000 feet. 

Arbor 20-80-pedalis. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, 3-10 lin. lata, petiolo 2-5 lin. longo. 
Flores 1^ lin. longi. Fructus 3 lin. in diam. 

3. A. Moonii, Thw. ; arborea ; partibus junioribus inflorescentiaque 
ferrugineo-tomentosis ; foliis ad apicem ramuli 8ubverticillatis> 4-5 -nis, 
lanceolatis vel ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, obtusiusculis, penniveniis, 
supeme minute reticulatis, subtus albo-pruinosis pHosulis aenique gla- 
bns, basi rotundatis vel parum angustatis ; Jloribus fasciculatis, dioicis, 
brevissime pedicellatis, aiillaribus et infra folia secus ramulum sparsis ; 

ructibus spnsericis, perianthio 6-lobo vix aucto suffultis. — c.P. 74. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

Arbor 20-pedalis. Hamuli teretes, tomeotosi. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, i-lf poll, 
lata, petiolo 1^-3 lin. longo. Flores \\ lin. longi. Fructus 3 lin. in diam. 

Nearly allied to A. molochina, N. ab £., but its penninerved acuminate leaves suf- 
ficiently distinguish it. 

4. A. eleg^ans, Thw. ; arborea ; partibus junioribus inflorescentiaqxie 
ferrugineo-tomentosis j^bZw* ad apicem ramuli 3-4-nis, lanceolatis, scepe 



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Zauracea,^ cetlon plants. 257 

lon^uscnle acuminatis, supeme minate reticnlatis, subtus albo-pminosis, 
denique nudis, basi parum acutis ; florUms dioicis, brevi-peoicellatis, 
fiwciculatis, axillaribus et infra folia aecus raftmlum sparsis ; hhis pe- 
rianthU 6, deciduis ; ^rtictibus spb^sriciB. — c.p. 2277. 

Hab. Central Province and in the Pasdoon Corle, up to an elevation 
of 3000 feet. 

Jrdor parya. Folia li-4 poll, longa, 1-1 poll, lata, petiolo tenui, 8-5 lin. longo. 
Floreg 11 lin. longi. Fruetus 4 lin. in diam. 

Differing from the last species^which it greatly resembles, in its narrower and 
more membranaceons leaves, with longer slenderer petioles, and its larger fruit, with 
truncated not lobed cup. 

6. A. «pecio«a, N. ab E. I.e. p. 602; Wight, Ic. 1. 1842.— c.p. 674. 

Yar. p ; foliis minns coriaceis, parcins hSsutis, ovato- vel oblongo- 
lanceoktis, acuminatis, basi acutis.— c.p. 3371. 

Hab. ' Central Province, up to an elevation of 8000 feet. Var. i3. At 
about 4000 feet. 

Arbor 30-40-pedalis. Fructus subsphsericns, perianthii basi tnmcata ancta ore 
contracta suffnltus. 

6. A. molodiina, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 603 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1843.— c.p, 
2272, V. 2373. ^ 

Hab. Pedrotalagalla, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Jrbor parva. Fructua sphsericus, parum oblatos, 3-31 lin* ^ diam., perianthio 6- 
lobo vix aucto suffnltus. 

8. DAFHNIDIUM, N. ab E. 

1. D. Isncifolitimy Thw. ; arboreum ; partihus jtmiorihus in/lores- 
centicuiue fulvo-sericeis ; foliis ad apicem ramuli plus minus confertis, 
6-7-nis, lanceolatis, gradatim acute acuminatis, supeme IsBvibus vel mi- 
nutissime rugidosis, subtus albo-pruinosis, basi acutis, triplinerviis, 
nervis lateranbus vix ad medium folii attin^entibus ; ffemmis 3-4-floris, 
4-8quamo6is, infra folia secus ramulum sessilibus. — c.p. 356. 

Hab. Hapootelle District, in the Central Province. 

FoUa 2-31 poll longa, 6-10 Un. Itta^petiolo 8-5 lin. longo. F/ores subsessiles, 
11 lin. longi. 

Apparency nearly allied to D. meUuiomaeeum, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 607. I. have but 
a nnj^e specimen of the present plant, fonnd mixed with some spedmens of Aetino- 
daphie stenophylla, a species it at first sight greatly resembles. 

9. LITSjSSA, Juss. 

1. Z«. Zeylanica, N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 626, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
tt. 132, 1844. An C, ohlonga, N . ab E. 1. c. p. 672 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1845 P 
— C.P. 2281, 3449 (413 part^). 

Yar. /S ; foliis fii^ioribus, glaberrimis, ellipticis vel oblongs, parum 
acuminatis vel valde obtusis ; staminibus plus minus pilosis. An X. 
foUosa, N. ab E. 1. c. p. 622 P— c.p. 2278, 22iB0, 72. 

Hab. Very abundant upto an elevation of 4000 feet. Var. /S. Up to 
6000 feet. Kom. vulg. " Dawal-kooroondoo-gass." 

Plants of this species vary respectively very considerably as regards the size, shape, 
and texture of the leaves, ^ut the character of the venation is very similar in all. 
The silky pubescence upon the young ramnli and leaves is in some persistent for a 

2 L 



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258 BKUMEBATioK OF lUrticcufed, 

considerable period, whilst in others it is exoeedingtjr fdgacions. The pminose 
whiteness of the under surface of the leaves disappears sooner or later in different 
plants. 

2. Zi. orbienlariBi Thw. ; ramulisjunioribusfxLBGO'tomeDiellis ifoliis 
orbicTilaribus vel late obovatis, ad apicem ramuli confertis, 5-6-liis, tri- 
plinerviis, glabris, subtus albido-pminoBis ; pefiolo costa^e subtus ad 
basin tomentellis ; gemmu fiorigeris secus ramnlum sessifibus, 4-flori8 ; 
squamis rotundatis, extemis glabris ciliatis, intemis fermgineo-pilosis. 
— c.p. 2699. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Folia J-li poll, in dmn.,, petiolo 2-34 ^^- longo. 

3. Zi. fascata, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis, jpetiolis, foliis subtus inflo- 
rescentiaqne femigineo-tomentosis ;ybZm versus apicem ramuli altemis, 
oyatis vel ellipticis, utrinque parum subabrupte angustatis, triplinerviis ; 
nervis latercuihus ad medium folii vel ultra attingentibus, exteme ve- 
nosis.— c.r. 413. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 6000 to 8000 feet. 

Arbor 20-pedalis. Folia 2-4 poll, longa, i-2 poll, lata, suporne glabra, petiole 
5-9 lin. longo. Gemma florig era glomeratae, axillares et infra folia etsecns ramnlam 
dispositfe. Plores 1^ lin. longi, cum pedicellis subsequilongis, pallida fnlvo-pilosi, 
lobis perianthii deddnis. Frudtu subsphsericus, semipoUicaris, pedicello 7--8 lin. 
longo. 

10. CASSYTHA, Linn. 

1. C. filifdrmis, Linn. (N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 642, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic.t.l847.)— cj. 1923. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island, especially near 
the sea. 

Lauraceie affineB, 

1. HEBNANDIA, Plum., Blume, Endl. 

1. H. sonora, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PI. Linn. iv. p. 327, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1855.)— c.p. 2914. 

Hab. Not very uncommon near the seashore in the neighbourhood 
of Gkdle and Matura. 



2. GYROCABPUS, Ja^., Endl. 

1. G. AsiaUcns, Willd. (N. ab E. Syst. Laur. p. 701, cum syn.)— 6?. 
Jaccniiniij Eoxb. PI. Corom. i. t. 1. — c.p. 2202. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island ; not uncommon. 



CXXXIII. UETICACE^. 
TRIE. XmTICEM 
1. PLEURYA, G*ud. 
1. P. intemipta, Gaud. (Weddell, Arch, du Mus. ix. p. 116 ; cum 



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Urticcu!e<B.'\ obylon plaints. 259 

syn. ; Wight, Ic. tt. 1976, QQ2.)^B<Bhmeria interrupta, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. 
p. 342, cum syn.— c.p. 2186. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " "Wal- 
kahambUlya." 

2. IiAFOBTEA, Gaudich. 

1. !■. terminalis, Wight, Ic. t. 1972 ; Weddell, Arch, du Mas. ix. p. 
125, cum syn.— c.p. 3336. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

2. Ii. crennlata, Gaud. (Wedd. 1. c. p. 113, cum syn. ; Miquel, EL 
Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars altera, p. 230.) — Utrica crenulata, Eoxb. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 686.— c.p. 2200. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 5000 feet, in damp forests, 
Nom. vulg. " Maoossa-gass." 

3. GEBABDINIA, Gaudich. 

1. G. Zfeschenanltiana, Dene. (Wedd. Arch, du Mus. ix. p. 165, cum 
syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1976.)— c.p. 3520. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet. 

2. O. Zeylanica, Dene. (Wedd. 1. c. p. 166, cum syn. ; Miquel, Fl. 
Ind. Bat. voL i. pars altera, p. 233.) — Urtica heterophylla, Eoxb. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 687.— c.p. 2193. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of liie island. Nom. vulg. 
" Gass-kahambillya." 

4. PILEA, lindley. 

1. P. IVi^htii, Wedd. 1. c. p. 205, cum syn.— P. radicans, Wight, 
Ic. t. 1974 (non Wedd.)— c.p. 2185. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 

2. P. trinenria, Wight, Ic. t. 1973 ; Wedd. 1. c. p. 224, cum syn.— 
P. oreophila, Miquel, 1. c. p. 235, t. 17, cum syn. Urtica tririervic^ 
Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 582.— c.p. 2093. 

Hab. Common in wet woods, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

3. P. angfulata, Blume, Mus. Lugd. Bat. ii. p. 55. — P. sti^hsa, 
Miquel, 1. c. p. 236 ; Wedd. 1. c. p. 230, cum syn. P. hygrophila, Bl. 
I.e.; Wedd. I.e. p. 264, cum syn. — c.p. 2184. 

Hab. Central Province, common at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 
A very variable plant ; when growing in veiy damp sliady places it puts on the 
form described under the name of P. stipulosa. 

5. PELLIONIA, Gaudieh. 

1. P. Heyneana, Wedd. ; Arch, du Mxis. ix. p. 287, cum syn. — c.p. 
2179. 
Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 iee%. 

6. BLATOSTBMA, Forst. 

1. B. UaedUtnm, Wight, Ic. t. 1984; Wedd. Lc. p. 312, a.— c.p. 
456. 



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260 BKVMBBATIOK OF [UrticaceiB, 



Var. p. 4na;W.— o.F. [ 

Var. y. falcigerum. — c.p. 3427. 

Var. h, lineare, — o.p. 3426. 

Hab. Very abundant in damp forests, np to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

2. B. surcnlosiim, Wight, let. 2091, f. 4. ; Wedd. 1. e. p. 329, cum 
syn.— c.p. 2181, 2182. 

Hab. Very common on the petpendicnlar surface of damp rocks, in 
forests of the central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

7. PBOCBIS, Comm. 

1. P. Uevis^atoy Blume, Bijdr. p. 608 ; l^uel, Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars 
altera, p. 248, cum syn. — P. Wightiana, Wall. ; Wedd. Arch, du Mus. 
ix. p. 336, cum syn. — c.p. 2180. 

Hab. Common in forests, on damp rocks and trees, up to an elevation 
of 6000 feet. 

Floret nuuc. fesciculati. Fasciculi pluriflori, glabii PediceUi \-l\ lin. longi. 
Ferianthium 1 lin. longam ; laciniis oblongis, obtosis. Pistilli rudimentum minntum. 
Flor. foem, peduneuli pallidi, valde succosi. 

8. BCEHMEBIA, Jacq. 

1. B. Malabarica, Wedd. Arch, du Mus. ix. p. 355, cum syn. — 
Urtica aquatica, Moon's Cat. p. 62. — c.p. 2198. 

Hab. Very common throughout the island. Nom. vulg. ''Maha- 
deya-dool." 
The bark of this plant is nsed bj the Cinghalese for fishing-lines. 

2. B. platTphylla, Don et Ham. (Wedd. 1. o. p. 364, cum syn.) a.— 
c.p. 2962. 

Var. K,macrosfachya,'Wedd, l.c. — Splitzgerberamacrostachya^i^i, 
Ic. 1. 1977.— C.P. 2196. 

Var. ft; Zeylanica, Wedd. 1. c. — c.p. 2197. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 
feet. 

9. CHAMABAINIA, Wight. 

1. O. crnqpidata, Wight, Ic. 1. 1981 ; Wedd. 1. c. p. 387, cum syn.— 
c.p. 2882. 
Hab. Newera Ellia, Mr. TFl Ferguson. 

10. FOXTZOI1ZIA9 Gaudich. 

1. P. anricnlata, Wight, Ic. t. 1980, f. 2; Wedd. Arch, du Mus. 
ix. p. 393, cum syn. — P. bicuspidata, Wight, Ic. t. 2098, n. 32. — c.p. 
2191. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 
P. elliptica, P. scabra, P. Rheedei, and P. rostrata of Wight's Icones are also 
quoted by M. Weddell as either forms or varieties of this species. 

2. P. Zndica, Gaud. (Wedd. 1. c. p. 398, cum syn.) — P. procumhens, 
Wight, Ic. t. 2999, n. 35.— c.p. 2188. 

Var. /3. alienata, Wedd. 1. c. — P. Zeylanica, Wight, Ic. t- 2101, 
n. 45. — c.p. 



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Urticacea.2 cbyloh pIiANTS. 261 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

An extremelj variable species ; and Weddell iudndes amongst the synonyms of 
the present phmt, under its several varieties or forms, P. sufrutieosa, P. tetraptera, 
P. Johntoniana, P. pyramidata, P. fdlasa, and P. minor of Wight's Icones. 

11. HYBTANAimBA, MiqueL 
Memorialise Ham. MSS., Weddell. 

1. ZZ. HValkeriaaa, Thw. — Memorialis ciquatica^ Wedd. Arch, du 
Mns. ix. p. 418 (neo JJrtica aqucUica, Moon, nee U» verrucosa. Moon). 
Fouzolzia Walkericma, Wight, Ic. t. 2095, n. 16. P. glabra, Wight, 
1. c. n. 16.— C.P. 2192, 3372. 

Hab. Common on moist banks, on the margins of woods, etc., up to 
an elevation of 2000 feet. 

2. ZZ. hirta, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars altera, p. 261, cum syn. — 
Memorialis hispida. Ham. in Wall. Cat. ; Wedd. 1. c. p. 426, cnm syn. 

Var. Gardneri, Wedd. 1. c. — Pouzolzia Gardneri, Wight, Ic. t. 209% 
n. 5.— c.p. 2195. 

Var. Bermettiana, Wedd. 1. c. — P. Bennettiana, Wight, Ic. t. 1978. 
— C.P. 2190. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Var. Oardneriy when growing upon dry banks, has firequently very small leaves, 
not exceeding 3 lines in length, when it closely resembles in appearance the following 
species, ff. triandra; and 1 suspect may in some instances have been distributed by 
me in lien of that species. 

P. ovalifolia, P. tomeniosOy P. heterocarpay and P. quadrialaia, of Wight's Icones, 
are quoted by Weddell as belonging to this species. 

3. H. triandra, Miq. 1. c. p. 262, cnm syn. — Memorialis parvifolia, 
Wedd. 1. c. p. 432. Pouzolzia parvifolia, Wight, Ic. t. 2092, n. 1. 
Urtica triandra, Blnme, Bijdr. p. 496.— <j.p. 2187. 

Hab. NeweraEllia. 

12. OBEOCinDE, Miqnel. 
Villebrtmia, Gaud., Blnme. 

1. O. sylvatica, Miqnel, PI. Jnngh. i. p. 40, cum syn. ; Fl. Ind. Bat. 
vol. i. pars altera, p. 270, cum syn. — villehrvma sylvaiica, Blume, 
Mus. R)t. Lugd. Bat. iL p. 167, 1. 15 ; Wedd. Arch, du Mus. ix. p. 453, 
1. 15 c— c.p. 2199. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

13. MOBOCABPUS, Sieb. et Zucc. 
Debregeasia, Gaud., WeddeU. 

1. M. loni^Uusi Blume, I.e. p. 156; Miquel, Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. 
pars altera, p. 272,- cum syn. — IJebregeasia velutina, Gaud. ; Wedd. 
Arch, du Mus. ix. p. 460, cum syn. Conocephahis niveus, Wight, Ic. 
1. 1959. Urtica longtfolia, Burm. Fl. Ind. p. 197. Urtica verrucosa. 
Moon, Cat. p. 62.— c.p. 2194. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 
3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Gass-dool." 

The Cinghalese make fiahing-lines of the bark of this plant. 



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262 BKUMBBATIOK OF [Uriicac€€B. 

2. M. HVallidiiMiQS, Tliw. — Debreaeaeia WalUehiana, WedcL 1. c. 
p. 464, 1. 14. UrticaleucophyUa, Wall. Cat. n. 4607.— c.p. 2201. 
Hab. Hantaui, in the Central Province. 
Arbor 15-20-pecliai8. 

TRIB. JRTOCABPJE^. 

14. ABTOCABFUS, linn. 

1. A. nobilis, Thw. {A. puhescens. Moon's Cat. p. 61 : non Willd.) ; 
monoioa j^^tw magnis, subglabris, ovatis, brevi-acnminatis, basi obtusis, 
margine grosse crenatis ; venis primariis rectis, parallelis, apice arcuatis ; 
lamina interposita supeme prominente et ad marginem fofii parum sac- 
cata ; amentis squamis orbicularibus stipitatis peltatis pubemlis persis- 
tentibus arete tectis ; masc. lineari-cylindricis, J^ojw. oblongo-cylindriciB. 
— c.p. 2818. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the southern and central parts of i^e island, 
up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom, vulg. " Del-gass." 

Arbor ingens, ezimia,^ 40-50-pedali8. Hamuli juniores teretcs, virides, albido- 
panctati, stngoso-scabri, deniqae brunnei, ragulosi. Folia 6-14 poll, longa, 4-10 
poll, lata, supeme nigro-viridia, costa venisque pallidis, subtua pallida, asperula ; ^- 
tiolo cylindnco, minute strigoso, i-li poll, longo, 3 Mn. in diam. Stipula nigro- 
virides, externe strigosulse, 3 poll, longse. Fedunculi 2-3 i poU. longi. Amenta 
masc. 3-6 poll, longa, 5-8 lin. in diam. ; fosm. breviora, 10-12 liu. in diam. ; Jlori- 
bus minutis, numerosissimis, papiUsBformibus, parum glandulosis. Fructus oblongus, 
parum nodulosus, papiUosus, 6-8 poll, longus, 3i-4 polL latus. Semma subsphae- 
rica, alba, semipollicaria. 

Folia plantarum juniorum vel valde luxuriantium majora et pinnatifida. 

This fine tree, which has, until now, been confounded with Artocarjms pubescens 
of "Willdenow, is evidently quite distinct from that, and aj^arently from any other 
Ittth^ix) described ^)ecies. The wood is of very good quality, but not considered of 
equal value with that of- Artocarpus itUegrifolia, The seeds toasted are a &70urite 
article of food with the Cinghalese. 

2. A. Ziakooclia, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 524 ; Wight, Ic. t. 681 ; Tr^cul, 
Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. iii. p. 117 ; Walpers, Annales, i. 660. — 
c.p. 2831. 

Var. /3 ; foliis utrinque elabris vel subtus ad costam nervosque pube- 
rolis.— ^. Gomeziana, Wfdl. MSB. Tr^c. 1. o. p. 118 ; Walp. 1. c— c.p. 
2232 (2463). 

Hab. EAtnapoora, Gardner. Yar. /3. Southern and central parts of 
the island, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Canna-gona- 
gass." 

Fructus minute velutinus. 

The seeds of this, When toasted, are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

Abtocabpus inteobipqlia, linn., is a common tree in native gardens or where 
native gardens have been, but cannot be considered truly indigenous. The timber 
is very valuable for cabinet and other work ; and the fruit is much esteemed as an 
article of diet by the Cinghalese. 

15. CUDBANUS, Eumphius. - 

Gudrantu et Maclura (Sect. Fleco^pemaim)^ MiqneL Cudrama, Tr^coL 
Maclura (Sect. Leptosurd), Blame. Trophis, Willd., partim. 

1. C. Rumphii, Thw. — O. Bimanusv^Ja/&amkSt Jo/vmienns, etAm- 



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UrtieaceiB.'i chtlon PLAirrg. 26$ 

boinmui*, Eompk Amboin. ▼. p. 22, tt. 16, 16. C, AmBoinensis, Mia. 
Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars altera, p. 290. Cvdrania Javanensis, Tr^cul, 
Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. viii. p. 123 (non Wight, Ic. 1. 1961). 
Maclura (Flecospermum) Javanica, Miq. 1. c. p. 280. Maclura (Lepio* 
sura) Javanica, Timorensis, et Amboinensis, Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. 
Bat. ii. pp. 83, 84, t. 31. Plecospermvm cunetfolium, Tkwaites, in Hook. 
Joum. of Bot. vi. (1864) p. 303. Tropkis spmosa, Wilid. Sp. PL iv. p. 734 
(partim) ;| Blume, Bijdr. p. 489 (non Eoxb.) ; Wall. Cat. 4641 B, 2). 
Batis spinosa, Wall. Cat. n. 4643 B.—c.v, 2526. 
Hjlb. Hot drier parts of the island ; not very eommon. 

16. PIJ5C0SPEBMUM, Tr^cul. 

1. P. spinosum, Tr^c. (Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. viii. p. 124 ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1963.)— J?a^i* spinosa, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 763, quoad 
descr. B, aurantiaca, Wall. MSS. in Hort. Calc. Trophis sptnosa, 
Heyne, Wall. Cat. 4641 A; an Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 734, pw^fanP 
T. aculeata, Eoth, Sp. Nov. p. 368.— c.p. 2212. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Katto- 
timbool." 

17. ALL^ANTHUS, Thw. 

(Hook, Joum. of Bot. vol. vi. (1854) p. 302.) 

Flores dioici ; masc. in spicis axillaribus unilateralibus peduhculatis 
dense aggregati. Stamina 4, perigonii sej^entis opposita, sBStivatione 
inflexa. Ovarii rudimentum parvum, conicum, subulatum. Flores foBm, 
pauci, cum pluribus abortivis squam»formibuj3 intermixti, in capitulis 

flobosis axillaribus oongestL Perigonium tubulosum, irregulanter 4- 
ssum. Ovarium liberum, sessile, l^oculare. Ovulum pendulum, cam- 
pylotropum. Stylus subterminalis, brevis. Stigma elongatum, simplex 
vel rarius seeundo breviori comitatum. — Broussanetia vide affine. 

1. A. Zeylanietui, Hiw. 1. c. t. 9 5.— C.P. 2215. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 to 2000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " AUandoo-gass." 

Arbor 30-40-pedalis. BamuH teretes, pilosi, lactescentes. Folia altema, disticha, 
cordato-lanceolata, acuminata, serrata, pennivenia, pilosula, subtus pallidiora, veoosa, 
3-4 poll, longa, li-1} poll, lata, ante authesin simul decidua, petiolo piloso, 8 lin. 
loDgo. Stipula oblongse, acuminate, membranacese, sublsevee, striata, obliquse, 
deciduse, 2 lin. longse, li lin. latsB. Flor. masc. : Spica l-2i poll, long®, 2 lin. lit®, 
pilosse, pedunculo 2-3 lin. longo. Flores fcem. : Capitula 4 lin. in diam., brevi- 
pednncidata, pilosa. 

A very tough fibre is obtained from the inner bark of this tree, which is used bj* 
the Cinghalese for a variety of pnrposes. 

18. AKTIABIS, Lesch. 

Zepuratidra, Nimmo. 

1. A. innoxia, Blume, Kumphia, i. p. 172, t. 54. — A, saccidora, 
Dalz. Hook. Joum. of Bot. in. (1851) p. 232 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1958. 
A, toxicaria. Hook. Comp. to Bot. Mag. i. p. 311, 1. 17. Lepurandra 
saecidora, Nimmo, Plants of Bombay, p. 193. An A, toincarta, Lesch., 
varietas P— c.p. 2231. 



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264 BKVMBBATIOK OF lUrtieocea. 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island; not uncommon. Nom. vnlg. 
"Bitti-gass." 

The liber, or inner bark, is carefnlly^removed entire from portionB of the tmnk of 
the proper length, and nsed bj the naiiyes as sacks for containing rice and other 
articles. 

19. STBEBLXTSy Lonr., Blnme. 

EpicarpunUf Blame, olim. 

1. 8. asper. Lour. Fl. Cochin, ii. p. 616 ; Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. 
Bat. iL p. 79, cum. syn. ; Miq. FL Ind. Bat. i. pars altera, p. 278. — 
Epicarpwnu orietUalis, Bl. Bijdr. p. 488 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1961. !Drophis 
aspera, Eetz ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 761.— c.p. 2214. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vnlg. 
" Ghitta-nittool." 

20. TAXOTBOPHIS, Blume. 
(Mas. Bot. Lagd. Bat. ii. p. 77.) 

1. T. Rozlmri^liii, Blume, 1. c. p. 78, cum. syn. ; Mi(]^. Fl. Ind. Bat. 
vol. i. pars altera, p. 279. — Epicarpv/rus gpinosus, Wirfit, Ic. t. 1962 
(partim). E. Timorensis, Dene. Trophis gpinosa, Flor. Ind. iii. p. 762. 
—c.p. 1074 

Hab; Hot drier parts of the island ; not uncommon. 
Cofyledones camose, valde inseqnales, qaarom migor minorem et radicalam brevem 
amplectens. 

2. T. Zejlaaica, Thw. — JSpicarpurus Zeylcmica, Thw. Hook. Joum. 
of Bot. iv. (1852) p. 1, et vol. iii. 1. 11.— c.p. 2213. 

Hab. Haragam, near £andy. 

Frutex ramosos, paVce spinosos, S-lO-pedalis. Ramuli pnberuli. Folia glabra, 
membranacea, lanoeolata vd trapezoideo-lanceolata, obtnse acaminata, macronulata, 
serrata, minnte glanduloso-panctnlata. Inflorescentia racemosa; nuuc. brevis, ob- 
longa, confertiflora ; fcem, paaciflora, pedicellia fructiferit elongatis et apice incrassa- 
tis ; sepalis parvis, demnm refluxis, non anctis. Cotyledones subseqoiJes, foliacese, 
phcato-convolntse. Radicula longioscola. 

21. DOBSTENIA, Plum. 

1. D. Xndica, Wight, Ic. 1. 1964.— c.p. 29 (519). 
Hab. Common in damp woods of the Central Province, at an eleva- 
tion of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

22. UBOSTiaMA, Gasparr. 

1. U. reliyioan m. G asp. (Miquel, Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars altera, 
p. 333, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1967.)— ^cm* religiosa, Linn. — c.p. 
3672. 

Hab. Common about native temples, being held in great veneration 
by the Cinghalese Buddhists. Nom. vulg. "Bo-gass." 

2. v. Amottianmny Miq. in Hook. Lond. Joum. of Bot. vi. p. 564 ; 
Walp. Ann. i. p. 688.— An Ficus lucida, Ait. Hort. Kew. v. p. 485 P— 
c.p. 2856. 



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Urticaeeee.'] cbylok plants. 265 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island. Kom. volg. " Kappootoo-bo- 
gass. 

3. U. infectorivm, Miq. 1. c. p. 566, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. e. — Mcus 
infectoria, Willd. ; Wight, Ic. t. 665. U, ageirophyllum, Miq. 1. c. 
U. Tiakela, Miq. 1. c. cum syn. U. Cevlonense, Miq. 1. c. p. 690.— c.p. 
2931, 3083. 

HIb. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Kirri- 
palla-gass." 

Beceptacula brevi-peduDculata vel sessilia. 

The Cinghalese sometimes use the bark of this tree, instead of the areca-nut, to 
chew with their betel. 

4. U. ITVlg^htiamim^ Miq. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. — An Z7. persecBfolium, 
Miq. Walp. 1. c. p. 689 P— c.p. 2223. 

Var. /3. majus ; foliis majoribus, costulis utrinque 12-14 ; pedunculis 
receptaculis ©quilongis vel multo brevioribus. — c.p. 2464. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. 

Beceptacula nuttura semipoUicaria, flavida, plus minus mfescentia, punctata. 

An extremely variable species, and the foliage of the larger variety very closely re- 
sembles that of the preceding species ; the much larger size of the fruit, however, at 
once distinguishes the present plant. 

5. U. Beni^halense, Grasparr. (Miq. 1. c. p. 571 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 691, 
cum syn.) — Mcus Bengalensis, Linn. Amcen. F, Indica, Jjinn. Iwxb. — 
C.P. 2225. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, probably not indigenous. Nom. 
vulg. " Maha-nooga-gass." '^ 

6. U. tomentosum, Miq. I.e. p. 573. — Mcus tomentosa, Eozb. FL 
Ind. iii. p. 650; Walp. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 647.— c.p. 2226. 

Hab. Trincomalie, Gardner. Bintenne. 

7. U. Mysorense^ Miq. 1. c. cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. p. 691. — Metis 
Mysorensis, Both. Mem citrifolia, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 1137. — c.p. 



Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Boonooga-gass." 

8. v. laccifemm, Miq. 1. c. p. 575 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 692. — Mcus lacci- 
fera, Eoxb. FL Ind. iii. p. 545 ; Wight, Ic. t. 656.— c.p. 2221. 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon. Nom. vulg. " Kooga-gass." 

9. V. TjleU, Miq. Lc. p. 580; Walp. Lc. p. 693.— JRk?w* Tjiela, 
Boxb. 1. c. p. 549. F. indtca, linn. Syst. Yeg. 922. F. cmplissvma, 
Linn.— c.p. 2537, 2220 (P 2218). 

Hab. Central Province. 

There is a noble specimen of this tree in the Royal Botanic Garden, whose branches 
spread over an area of ground 120 feet in diameter. 

10. v. retusum, Mi(^. 1. c. p. 581, cum syn. — U. nitidum, Miq. 1. c. p. 
582, cum syn. U. ovovdeum, Miq. 1. c. cum syn. U, jnsiferum, Miq. 
Lc. p. 580, cum syn.; Walp, I.e. Fieus retusa, Lmn. F, nitida, 
Thunb. F, benjaminea, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 550. F, pallida^ Wall. Cat. n. 
4567.— c.p. 14 (483). 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. 

2 M 



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266 BKUMBBATiON OF [UHicacea. 

11. U. ttodestiim, Miq. 1. c. p. 586 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 696.-=-An U, ner- 
vosi, Miq. 1. c, varietas P — c.p. 2219. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

23. POaONOTBOPHE, Miquel. 

1. P. dasypliylla^ l^^q. in Hook. Lond. Joum of Bot. vii. p. 74. — P. 
Zeylanica, Miq. 1. c. p. 75 ; Walp. Ann. i. p. 701. — c.p. 233, 379. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of about 4000 feet. 

24. PIOUS, Linn., Miquel. 

1. P. asperrima, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 554 ; Wight, Ic. t. 633.—^. 

politoria, Moon's Cat. p. 74 (non Lam.) — c.p. 2229. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " See- 
wana-maddeya-gass. " 

The leaves are in general use amongst native cabinet-makers as a substitute for 
fine sand-paper. 

2. P. cinerascens, Thw. ; Jhliis coriaceis, ellipticis vel oblongis, ob- 
tuse brevissime acuminatis, 9- to 12-costulati8, reticulatis, supeme gla- 
bris, nitidis, subtus piJlidioribus, punctato-asperulis, basi subtrinerviis, 
rotundatis vel parum angustatis ; pedunculis axillaribus, ssepius soli- 
tariis, petiolo brevioribus ; receptaculis majusculis, sphsericis, scabris, 
scepe brevi-stipitatis, 3-bracteatis, pedunculo subcBquilongis. — c.p. 2562. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Wal-gona-gass." 
Arbor ingens. Ramuli teretes (sicci sulcati), aspemli. Folia 8-6 poll, longa, 
li-3 poll, lata (sicca cinereo-viridia), petiolo asperulo, 6-12 lin. longo. BeceptacuU 
poUicaria. Flores monoici. Ferigonittm 5-phyllum. Stigma valde elongatnm, 
bifidum. 

3. P. heterophyUa, Bozb. 1. c. p. 532 ; Wight, Ic. t. 659 ; Miq. Hook. 
Lond. Joum. of Bot. vii. p. 231, cum syn. — F. elongata, Mi q. 1. c. ; 
Walp. Ann. i. p. 712. F. suhpandMrceformis, Mid. 1. c. p. 235 ; VSTalp. 
1. c. p. 714.— c.p. 2228. 

Hab. Common in damp shady places. Nom. vulg. " Wal-ahattoo." 

4. P. parasitica, Kcenig ; Miq. 1. c. p. 433, cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. p» 
718. — F. Ampelos, Keen. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 553. F. pervia, Miq. 
1. c. F. cusptdifera, Miq. 1. c. cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. F. uniglandulosa. 
Wall. Cat. 4479. F, scterophylla, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 546 P— c.P. ^27. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Gass-nettool." 

5. P. disticha, Blume, Bijdr. p. 458 ; Miq. 1. c. p. 440; Walp. 1. c. 
p. 721.— c.p. 2224, 3116. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
5000 feet. 

6. P. diver»iformi«, Miq. 1. c. p. 441 ; Walp. 1. c. — jP. stipulata, 
Moon's Cat. p. 74 (non Thunb.)— c.p. 2217. 

Hab. Very commcm up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

25. COVELLIA, Gasparr. 

1. C. oppositifoUai Gasparr.; Mi^. in Hook. Lond. Joum. of Bot. 
vii. p. 461, cum syn. ; Walp. Ann. i. p. 728. — C Damonum, Miq. 1. c 



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UrticacecB.'] cbylon plants. 267 

cum syn. ; Walp. 1. c. C Assamica, Miq. 1. c. p. 464 ; Walp. 1. o. C 
dasvcarpa, Miq. 1. c. p. 465 ; Walp. 1. c. p. 729. Ficus oppositifolia, 
WiUd. ; Wight, Ic. t. 638. F. Bcmomm, Vahl.— p.p. 2230. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Kota-dimboola-gass.** 

2. O. ^lomerata, Miq. 1. c. ; Walp. 1. c. — Fieus ghmerata, Willd. ; 
Boxb. PI. Corom. ii. t. 123 ; Wight, Ic. t. 667.— c.p. 3305. 

Hab. Common on the banks of rivers, up to an elevation of 2000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Atteekka-gass." 

TRIB. CBLTIDEM. 
26. ULMUSy Linn. 

1. V. integrifoUa, Eoxb. PL Corom. i. t. 78; Wight, Ic. t. 1968.— 
HoloptelcBa integrifolia, Planch. Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. x. p. 
266.— c.p. 2381. • 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island. 

' 27. CBLTIS, Toum. 
Sectio Sponioceltis, Plancb. 

1. O. dysodoxylon, Thw. ; partihtis juniorihus ferrugineo-pilosis ; 
foliis integris vel rarius obscure sinuato-dentatis, ovatis, mus minus ab- 
rapte acuminatis, firmis, trinerviis, glabris, basi parum obliquis angus- 
tatisque, costa venisque subtus puberuli^ ; c^mis brevibus, paucifloris, 
ferrugineo-pilosis; d/rupis parvis, subsphsencis, parum acuminatis. — 
C.P. 2563. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Grooranda-gass." 

Arbor mediocris. Folia superne Isevia, intense viridia, subtus pallidiora, incou; 
spicue venosa (sicca fuscescentia), 2^-3^ poll, louga, li-2 poll. hXA^petiolo 1^3 
Im. longo. flores 5-meri, interne ad basin dense pilosi. Ovarium versus apicem 
ferragineo-strigosum. Stigmata elongata, acutata. 

The freshly cut timber of this tree possesses a powerful and very disgusting odour: 

Sectio Solenostigmaj Planch. 

2. O. iwnghta, Planch. 1. c. p. 307 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1969.— c.p. 50 
(331). 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hot drier parts of the island. 

28. SPONIA, Comm. 

1. 8. orientalis, Planch. Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. x. p. 323. — 
Celtis orientalis, Linn. Fl. Zeyl. p. 176 (excl. syn. partim). 

Hab. Common on the banks of rivers and on cleared ground. Nom. 
vulg. " Gradoomba-gass." 

29. GIBOJSnsmSBAs Gaudich. 

Nematostigma, Planchon. Helminthospermum, Thw. 

1. O. snbsequalis, Planch. Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. iii. vol. x. p. 339 ; 
Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. ii. p. 73, t. 25. 



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268 EKITMBBATION OF l^vphorbiocea. 

Var. jS. Cet/lanica, Planch. — Helminfhospermum scabridum, Thw. in 
Hook. Joum. Bot. vi. (1864) p. 302, t. 9 C— c.p. 716. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

2. G. reticulata^ Thw. ; partihtis juniorihis fngaci-adpresso-pilosis ; 
foliis ovatis vel oblongs, plus minus abrupte longiuscme acuminatis, 
minutissime prominentun reticulatis, penniveniis, supeme glabris, sub- 
tus parum asnerulis ; stipulis lanceolatis, pilosis, fere ad apices in uni- 
cam intra-axularem connatis, deciduis ; flob. masc. inpaniculis parvis 
axillaribus vel secus ramulum juniorem infra folia dispositis ; flob. fcem. 
solitariis, axillaribus, ^edicellatis ; drupis glabris, ovoideis, parum com- 
pressis, apice attenuatis.— c.p. 2565. 

Hab. ^adidla District, not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Jrbor 30-40-pedalis. Folia 2-5 poll, longa, i-2 poll, lata (sicca rufescentia), 
petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Injlorescentia subglabra. "Flares pand, 5-ineri ; sepalis 
Totundatis, obtoBis. Drupa 6 lin. longa, 4 lin. lata, stigmattlms mnlto brevioribus 
coronata. 



CXXXIV. EUPHOEBIACE^. 

TRIB. UNIOVULATM 

. Sect. 1. EuPHOBBiBjE ; fior%hu9 involucratis, pedicellatis, nudis vel 
perianthii rudimento suffuUis, 

1. EXTPnOItBIA, Linn. 

1. S. antiquonun, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PL ii. p. 881 ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. 
ii. p. 468 ; Wigbt, Ic. t. 897 ; Eheede, Hort. Mai. ii. p. 81, t. 42.)— 
c.p. 2944. 

. Hab. Common in the hot drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Dalook-gass." 

2. B. tortiUs, Bottler, (Wight, Ic. t. 898.)— An praecedentis varietas P 
-^c.p. 2943. 

Hab. Similar situations with the preceding, and perhaps only a 
variety of it. Nom. vulg. " Seenook-gass." 

3. B. TirucaUi, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 890 ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 470 ; Eheede, 
1. c. ii. t. 44.)— c.p. 2945. 

Hab. Near the seashore. Nom. vulg. "Nawa-handee." 

The milky juice of this plant is macb employed as a medicine by the Malabars. 

4. B. nereifolia, Linn. (WiUd. 1. c. p. -884, cum syn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 
467 ; Eheede, 1. c. p. 83, t. 43.) 

Hab, Colombo, Moon, Nom. vulg. " Patook-gass." 
I have never met with this plant truly wild in the island. 

5. B. hypericifolia, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 895.) — E, pamMora, Linn. ; 
Willd. 1. c. p. 898 ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 472. Asa B. congenera, Blume, Bijdr. 
p. 634 P Titht/malus erectus, etc., Burm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 224, 1. 105, f. 2. 
—c.p. 2125. 

Hab. Very abundant. Nom. vulg. " Ella-dadakeeriya." 
Tola planta, in meis speciminibus, plus minus hirsntula. 



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Uvphorbiacea.'l cbtlqn plants. 269 

6. B. rosea, Eetz, Obs. iv. p. 26 ; Willd. 1. c. p. 896. — M satureoides, 
Lam.— c.p. 2126, 2129. 

Hab. Very common near the sea. Nom. vnlg. " Moodoo-dadakee- 
riya." 

7. B. Burmanniana, Gray. — JS. thymifolia, Eoxb. (Linn., Willd. 
partim). Tithymalvs humilis, etc., Burm. 1. c. t. 105, f. 3. — c.p. 2128. 

Hab. Very abundant in cnltivated ground. Nom. vidg. " Bin-dada- 
keeriya." 

8. B. Clianisesyce, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 899.)— J&. uniflora, Boib. 
1. c. p. 473.— c.p. 3665. 

Hab. Trincomalie, Bev, 8. O. Glenie. 

9. B. bifida, Hook, et Am. Bot. Beech, p. -213. — JE, halophila, 
Miquel.— c.p. 2131. 

Hab. Not imcommon near the seashore. 

Folia integerrima, glauca. Involitcrifoliola glandulas vix excedentia 

10. B. fimbriata, Both ; annua, herbacea, prostrata, villosula ; foliu 
oppositis, ovatis vel ovato-rotundatis, obtusis vel subacutis, serrulatis, 
ODlique cordatis, brevi-petiolatis iflorihus inter folia ad apices ramorum 
conf^rta nidulantibus ; pedunculis brevibus, solitariis ; involucri folio- 
lis longiuscule laciniato-fimbriatis, laciniis pilosis ; glandulis parvis, 
transverse oblongis. — c.p. 3668. 

Hab. Gunner's Quoin, in the Batticaloa District. 
Folia 2^-6 lin. longa, 2-3^ lin. lata. Involucrum brevi-campannlatum, foUolis 
radiantibos, 2 lin. in exp., albidis, nifescentibus. Capsula villosula. 

11. B. pUolifera, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 897.)— JE?. hirta, Boxb. 1. c. p. 
472. (Linn., Willd., quoad plantas Zeylanicas.) Tithymalus hotryoides, 
etc., Burm. 1. c. pp. 223, 224, t. 104 et 1. 106, f. 1.— c.p. 3337. 

Hab. Very abundaiit in cultivated ground. Nom. vulg. " Boo-dada- 
keeriya." 

12. B. Rothiaaa, Spr. (Wight, Ic. t. 1864.)— JS^. Iceta, Both (non 
Ait.). E. glauca, Boxb. 1. c. p. 473 (non Willd.). S, oreophila, Miq. 
JS. lanceolaria. Herb. Heyne. — c.p. 2124. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

Sect. 2. HiPPOMANE-S ; Jlorihus spicatis vel suhspicatis, arete bractea- 
tis ; perianthio uniseriali, segmentis in (Bstivatione imbricatis, vel plus 
minus imperfecto, 

. 2. SAPIUM, Jacq. 

1. 8. Zndicum, Willd. (Boxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 692 ; Wight, Ic. t. 
I960.)— c.p. 2946. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Kirri-makooloo- 
gass." 

3. EXCCECABIA, Linn. 

1. B. AsaUocha, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PL iv. 864 ; Boxb. Fl. Lid. iii. 
p. 766 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1866 ^.)— c.p. 2169. 

Hab. Very common near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Tellakeeriya-gass.** 

2. B. oppositifoUa, Jack in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. iv. p. 386 ; 
Walp. Ann. i.^ p. 621.— fi^. crenulata, Wight, Ic. t. 1865 -4.— c.p. 2623. 



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270 BNUMBBi-TiON OF [^uphorbicicea, 

Hab. Gommon in the Central Froyinoe, at an elevation of 4000 to 
6lXX) feet. 

4. MICBOSTACHYS, A. Juss. 

1. M. OhamselMt, A. Juss. — Tragia Chamalea, Linn. ; Willd. Sp. 
PI. iv. p. 326, cum syn. ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 577.— c.p. 2132. 
Hab. Very common amongst grass. Nom. vulg, " Bat-pittawaakka." 

5. FALCONBBIA, Eoyle. 

1. P. insiipiia, Eoyle, Him. Ulust. p. 354, t. 98, f. 2.— Var. ovario 
triloculari, — F, Malaharica, Wight, Ic. t. 1866. — c.p. 654. 
Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

Sect. 3. AcALTPHEJE ; fiorihm masc, periwnthio uniseriali, segmentis 
in cestivatione vahatis ; JlorJ foem, perianthio uniseriali vel sub'bi- 
seriali, segmentis in (sstivatione Sisptssime imbricatis, 

* Monoica, 

6. DALECHAMPIA, Plum. 

1. D. bidentata, Blum6, Bijdr. p. 632; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. 

fars altera, p. 417. — D, Indica, Wight, Ic. 1. 1882. J), velutina, Wight, 
c. 1. 1881.— c.p. 2170. 

Hab. Gronagama, on the Lower BadnUa road firom Xandy; not 
common. 

My specimens appear to be intermediate in character between Br. Wight's D. 
Indica and D. velutina^ and i^ee very well with Blume's description. The analy- 
sis of the male flower in both Dr. Wight's figores is incorrect, the filaments being 
represented as firee to the base, instead of cohering into a central column. 

7. TBAGIA, Plum. 
(Norn. vulg. *' Wel-kahambiUeya.") 

1. T. camnabina, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 326 ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 575. 
—c.p. 3569. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

2. T. inToluorata, Willd. L c. p. 324 ; Boib. 1. c. p. 576, cum syn. — 
c.p. 2099, 2100, 2951. 

Var. ^. montana; foliis ovato-lanceolatis, cordatis. — c.p. 3519. 

Hab. Very common. Var. p. Newera EUia. 

An extremely variable species, and I suspect that the preceding is but a form of it. 

8. ADBNOCHLJENA, Boivin: 

In Baillon's £tude des Euph. p. 472. Symphyllia, Baill. 1. c. p. 473. 
CentrosiyliSy Baill. 1. c. p. 469. 

1. A. Zejlanica, Thw. — Centrostylis Zeylanica, Baill. 1. c. p. 470. — 
C.P. 396, 2111. 

Hab. Rambodde and Happootelle, in the Central Province, at an 
elevation of 4000 to 5000 feet. 

Frutex suberectus, parce ramosus, partibus juniorii^s pubescentia stellata tlbida 



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£uphorbi€icem,2 cbtlon plants. 271 

tecti». Bami elongiiti, debiles. Folia obiongo-lanceolata, acuminata, basi lata, tnm- 
cata vel subcordata, trinervia, 8-7 poll, longa, 1-3 poll, lata, peiiolo ^-3 poll, lougo. 
Stijmla subreniformes. Flo res masc. parvi, ad apicem peduncnli dense agglomerati. 
Stamina 4-5, sepalis slieTn&y Jllamentis ad basin pistilli rudiment, colomnaris in- 
sertis, eestivatione incurvis, denique suberectis, antheris extrorsis. Flor. 7(EM. ad 
basin pedunculi, 1-3, siugnli ssepe pedicello proprio, breTi, floribos masc. paucis 
cincto. Sepala 5-6, lanceolata. Ovarium pilosum. Stylus 3-lobns, majuscolas, 
deciduus, lobis copiose profundeque laciniatis. Calycis fructiferi aucti segmenta 
pectinato-laciniata ; ladniis longis, setaoeis, apice incraseatis porporeisque. Capsula 
3-loba, parom depressa, coccis rotnndatis. Semina subsphserica, 2 lin. in diam., 
bmnneo nigroque marmorata. 

As M. Baillon's description of this plant, the type of his genus Centrostylis, k 
incorrect, having been derived probably from imperfect specimens, I have thought it 
best to describe it here pretty fully. 

9. ACALYPHA, Linn. 

1. A. Zndica, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 623, cum syn. ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. p. 675 ; Wight, Ic. t. 877.— c.p. 2098. 

Hab. Very common in cultivated ground. Nom. vulg. " Kooppa- 
maineya." 

2. A. bettdina, Willd. 1. c. p. 622. — An A, capitata et A. dlnifblia, 
Willd. 1. c. p. 626P— c.p. 2094. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 

3. A. hispida, Willd. 1. c. p. 623.— c.p. 2092, 2097. 
Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

4. A. ciliata, Forsk. (Willd. 1. c. p. 522 ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 676.)—^. lan- 
ceolata, Willd. 1. c. p. 524, cum syn.— c.p. 2095. 

Hab. Not very uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

5. A. IK^allicliiiy Thw. ; herbacea, ramosa, pilosula ;fbliis ovato-lan- 
ceolatis, dentaiis, basi rotimdatis, longe petiolatis ; injlorescentia masc, 
axillari, spiciformi j fam. terminali, pauiculata, rarius axillari, spici- 
formi ; flob. f(EM. s^alis 5. — A, racemosa. Wall. Cat. n. 7784. JVelia 
Ciwameni, Eheede, Hort. Mai. x. p. 165, t. 83.— c.p. 2096 (2459). 

Hab. Damp, shady places, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Folia 1-6 poll, longa, J-4 poll, lata, petiolo i-5 poll, longo. Capsula glandulosa. 
Semina subsphserica, minutissime reticulata. 

** Dioica. 

10. CIiAOXYLON, A. Juss. (non Wight). 

ErythrochiluSy Reinw., Blume. Micrococca, Bentham. 

1. O. Mercnrialia, Thw. — Micrococca Mercv/rialis, Benth. in Hook. 
Fl. Nimt. p. 603. Tragia Mercurialis, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 324 ; 
Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 676.— c.p. 3310. 

Hab. Very common in cultivated ground. 

2. O. longifoliott, Baillon, £tude des Euphorb. p. 493. — Srythro- 
chilus longifolius, Blume, Bijdr. p. 616.— c.p. 2102, 2499. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 
Frutex ramosos. Folia lanceolata, utrinque angustata, parce glanduloso-denticulata, 
3-8 poll, longa, f-l} poU. lata, ssepe cyanescentia, js^io^ apice supeme glandoloso- 



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272 BNUMBBATION OF [^uphorbioceiB, 

denticiilata, i-3 poll, longo. FedunctUi axillares, solitarii. Olomeruli secns radiia 
Bsepissime valde elongatam siNirsi, hispidi ; masc. stipitato-glandulosi. Flor. kasc. 
Stamina 12-15, glaudulis stipitatis 5-6-radiati8 intenniita ; filamentis brevibus , 
antheris albidis. Capsula pilosa. 

Tbe present genus is at once distinguisbed from Botilera by its stamens being in- 
termixed with stalked glands ; and by the linear squamulse adpressed to the ovary, 
within and alternating with the calyx-segments. 

11. CLEIDION, Blume. 

1. C. JaTaaiciim, Blume, Bijdr. p. 613 P ; Wall. Cat. n. 7718.-- 
c.p. 666 (2104). 

Hab. CentnJ Province, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Okooroo-gass." 

Anthera transverse debiscentes. Semina sphserica, 4-5 lin. in diam. ; testa ossea. 

12. SPATHIOSTEMON; Blume. 

Jdelia, Schreb., Miq., Roxb. (partim), Wight (non Linn.). 
Hamatospermum, Wall., Lindley. 

1. 8. Javeiuie, Bl. Bijdr. p. 622. — Var. /3 ; capsula Icevi vel sub- 
IflBvi. — 8, salicinum, Zoll. et Moritz ; Baill. tx, des Euph. p. 293. 
Adelia neriifblia, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 840 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1868; Miquel, 
Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i. nars altera, p. 389. Hcematospermum neriifoliwm 
et K,riparium, Wall. Cat. n. 7963, etc. — c.p. 661. 

Hab. Very common on the banks of rivers, where it is frequently 
submerged ; up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

I can find no sufficient character to separate, except as a mere variety, the present 
common Indian and Ceylon plant from Blnme's species, for a specimen of which 
latter I am indebted to M. Binnendijk, of the Java Botanic Garden. 

13. TBEWIA, Linn. 

1. T. nudiflora, Linn. (Boxb- Fl. Ind. iii. p. 837, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. tt. 1870, lS7l.)-'Eottl€ra Indica, Willd. ; Blume, Kidr. p. 607 ; 
WaU. Cat. n. 7817 JB.— c.r. 2930. 

Hab. 14 ot uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

14. BOTTLBBA, Eoxb. 

1. R. t«tracocca, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 826.— c.p. 2118. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Boo- 
kanda-gass." 

2. R. rhomblfolia, Thw. — B, dicocca, Boxb. 1. c. p. 829 (excl. syn.). 
Croton rhomhifoUum, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 556 ; Moon's Cat. p. 66. — 
c.p. 2116. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 1600 feet. 

Frutear vel arbor parva, subscandens, partidus junioribus inJloreseentiaqvLt pubes- 
centia stellata ochraccis. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, li-3 poll, lata, creberrime trans- 
Incenti-punctulata, snbtns plus minus stellato-pilosa, disculis albidis nitentibus con- 
spersa ; petiolo cyUndrico, piloso, 2 poU. longo. Flores numerosi. Capsula cocci 2, 
rotundati. Semina sphsenca, rufo-uigra, 2 lin. in diam. 



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SupharhiaoeaJ] cbylok plants. 273 

3. ». tinetoria, Boxb. Cor. PI. ii. t. 168 ; Willd. 1. c. p. 832 ; Eoxb. 
FL Ind. iii. p. 827, cum. syn. — Croton coccinetim, Vahl ; WiUd. 1. c. p. 
644. An a ptmctatvm, Eetz ; Willd. 1. c. p. 546 P— c.p. 2103. 

Hab. ^ot uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Hamparandella-gass." 

4. B. oppositifolia, Blume, Bijdr. p. QOS.-^Plafficmthera oppositi- 
folia, E. et ZoU. ; BailL ^tude des Euph. p. 424.— c.p. 196 (2X06). 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

FnUer vd arior parva, partibus junioribus pubescentia stellata ochraceo-fuscis. 
Folia OTato-laDceolata» nlrinque angustata, acaminata, trinervia, 2-10 poll, longa, 
sabtns disculis anreis nitentibiis parce conspersa, venis yennlisqae prominentibos, 
peHolo i~B poll, longo. Capsula 3- vel 4-cocca, IseTis, steUato-pabescenB, coccia 
sabsphsericis. 

5. R. fdsceseensy Thw. ; glabra, partibus juniorihtM, inflorescenfia 
foliisqae subtus disculis adpressis plus minus rufescentibus creberrime 

conspersis; foliis oppositis, ovato-lanceolatis, acuminatis, penniveniis 
vel aliquando sub-trmerviis, subtus venulis parum prominentibus ; cap- 
sula 3- vel 4-cQcca, sparse glandulosa, coccis subsphaericis. — c.p. 2105. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia 2-6 poU. longa, 1-8 polj. lata, basi pamm angustata ; petiolo 
i-li poll. loDgo, apice obscure biglandnloso. 

6. R. mnricata, Thw. — Claoxylon mv/ricatum, Wight, Ic. t. 1886. 
An MoUlercs awreo-pv/nctatce, Dalz. in Hook. Lond. Joum. of Bot. iii. 
(1861) p. 122, varietas P— c.p. 2108. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Arbor parva, subglabra. Folia apposita, cuneato-obovata, rostrato-acuminata, 
grosse sinoato-dentata vel rarins snbintegra, subtus disculis aureis vel rufescentibus 
creberrime conspersa, 2-7 poll, longa, 1-3 poll, lata, petiolo i-1 poll, longo. Cap- 
tula 3-cocca, ediinulis subglabris teretibus flexilibus prope basin articulatis cadu- 
dsque munita. 

7. R. dig^yna, Thw. — Claoxylon digynvm, Wight, Ic. t. 1884. — c.p. 
2109. 

Hab. Caltura. 

Arbor parva. Folia subtus disculis rufescentibus creberrime conspersa, prope 
basin bi^andniosa. 

8. R. eriocarpa, Thw. ; pubescens ; foliis oppositis, oblongo-lanceo- 
latis, integris vel parum undulatis, trinerviis, subtus disciSis aureis 
nitentibus parce conspersis, basi rotundatis vel subcordatis ; capsula 
3-cocca, echmulis plunmis patentim pilosis vestita, coccis subsphsericis. 
Croton mantanum, Herb. Wight; Wall. Cat. n. 7820 ^.— c.p. 2112. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not very common. 

Frutex, pubescentia stellata ochraceo-falva plus minus tomentosus. Folia 2-8 
poll, longa, 1-4 poll. hiA, petiolo i-2 poll, longo. Flor. masc. Alahastra conica. 
Stamina numerosa, connectivo non producto. Flob. tceh. Ovarium staminibus 
sterilibns plurimis cinctum. Styli lobi 3, mediocres, interne valde plumosi. 

Wallicb's plant, from Penang, has the staminal filaments hairy, whilst in the 
Cejlon plant thej are glabrous ; but in other respects the two plants appear to 
agree perfectly. 

15. PODADENIA, Thw. (gen. nov.). 

Floe. masc. Stamina numerosa, glandulis papvis oblongis plurimis 
intermixta. Flob. pcbm. JEhructus indehiscens, camosus, 3>spermus vel 

2 N 



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274 EHincss^Tiov ov ISuphorbiaeea. 

sffipios aborta 1- vel 2-&rpenDtis. Semina arOlo copioso mtegro eamoso 
restita.— Cfieteroquin m in Sottlera, 

1. P. sapida, Thw. — Bottler a (Stylcmthus) 2%«jatfem,BaiIU)n,fitiide 
des Euphorb. p. 426.— c.p. 3428. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and at Mand-Calai, near Satnapoora, at an ele- 
vaticm of 1000 to 2000 feet. 

Arbor ingens, partibtu junioriius folvo-tomentosis. Folia integra, obovata, breve 
et abrapte acuminata, pennivenia, eglaudiilosa, supeme glabra, costa yenisqoe pilosis, 
•abtus pilota, basi plus minin aagastata, 5-10 poll, longa, 2i-5 p^. ]B.th, petiolo 
eyliudrioo, tomentoso, i-2 poll, longo. InfioretcenHa termiiuQis, panienlata, folvo- 
tomentosa, glandnlis stipitatis mbiis cr^Mrrime oenBpersa. Floret mbri ; ma8C. 
fleoQs radieoe ramos dense fascicokti; akbastris anqminataa. Flor. voBf. SiffH 
loH 8, longinsculi, subulati, contoiti, interne stigmatosi. Frucius snbapliiCTiciiB, 
mfescens, g^dulis mt^nscalis stipitatis dense echinulatos, sesqnipollicarit. £emina 
oblonga, 8-9 lin. longa, 4-5 lin. lata; testa ossea, bnmnea. Albumen copiosiiiii. 
ArUltu albidus, sapidus. 

The fleshy arU of the seed of this fine tree has an agreeable flavour, but 1 cannot 
learn that the Cinghalese eat it ; the plant, however, being scarce and occurring in 
little-frequented localities, is probably known to but few of the natives. 

16. MACABAiraA, Dnp. Th. 

1. M. tomtntosa, Wight, Ic t. 1949-1.—C.P. 2171. 
Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" £anda-ga8s." 

Sect. 4. Cbotokrs ; florihua masc, etfoBm.perianthio hiseriali wl wlh 
buerialii segmentis imbrieatis. 

* Floribus apetalis. 
t Perianthii lobis 5, quorum 2 minores, intemi, 

17. GBIiOHTITM, Eoxb. 

1. O. laaceolatnm, Willd. Sp. Fl. iy. p. 832; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 
831 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1867.— 6?. Warivm, Willd. L c. p. 831. An Eoxb. 
1. c. p. 830P An Q.fiuciculatvm, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 832 P An Er^ftkro- 
carpus glomerulaius, ^lume, Bijdr. p. 604 P — cp. 2101. 

var. fi ; foliis minoribus et plus minus angufitioribus, sape aculeato- 
dentatis ; Jlorihus minoribus, denique ad apicem ramorum bievium 
racheos bifarii dispositis. — ^An Erythroearpus tpicatus, Blmne, Bijdr. 
p. 604P— CP. 696, 252. 

Hab. Common in rather open forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

A very variable plant ; and all the specimens I have seen of the genus, from diflb- 
rent and distant parts of India, might with safety be referred, I thim^ to one species. 

ft Ferianthu verticillis dimeris, 

18. CH-2BTOCABPUS, Thw. 

Hook. Lond. Joum. of Bot. vi. (1854) p. 300. Baill. £tude des Euphorb. p. 828. 
(Nom. vulg. " Haddoka-gass.") 

Stamina ssBpissime 8, biserialia, dimidio inferiore coalita et pistilli 
Tudimentum cingentia^ 



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£ti^horbiacecg.} CEYLOK flasts. 276 

1. C. CAstanocarpnSy Thw. — C. pw^ens, Thw. 1. c. p. 901 (excl. 
descrip. fruct.), 1. 10 A, fig. 1-4. Adelia castanocarpa, Eoxb. M. Ind. 
iii. p. 848; Wall. Cat. n. 7984. Casearia ?coriacea, Wall. Cat. n. 
7196.— C.P. 2641. 

Var. ; pubescent ; ramulisfoldisqxie subtos plua minus hispidii.— . 
C.P. 3013. 

Kab. Common in the Eatnapoora and Ambagamowa Districts.— 
Var. p, Pasdun Corle. 

Flores 2-2i tin. long;!. Capsula snbspliserica, semipollicaris, aculeis rigidis fra- 
gilibas refleze setolosiB ochraceo-ru&scentibus dense tecta; puiamine mediocri. 

2. O. coriaeevs, Thw. ;Jbliis valde coriaceis, glabris, oblongis, brevi- 
acnminatis, supeme IsBvibus, subtus parce yenosis, basi acutis ; capsula 
muricata, sparse strigosa. — C pungens, Thw. 1. c, quoad descrip. mict. 
©t fig. 6-9.— c.p. 1025. 

hIb. With the preceding species, and equally common. 

Arbor mediocris, ramulis subglabris. Folia 3-6 poll, longa, 1^-^ poU. lata, 
petiolo 3-5 tin. longo. Fasciculi multiflori, minate tomentosi. Flores 1-li tin. 
long!. Filamenta pilosa. Capsula ovoidea, obscure trigona, apiculata, 8 tin. longa ; 
putamine osseo, I tin. in crass. 

This very mnch resembles the preceding species ; but the leaves of the present 
plant are mnch more coriaceous in textnre, the flowers are smaUer and on rather 
longer pedicels, and the capsnle is very cUf^nt. The timber of both is hard, and 
useful for building purposes. 

ttt FeriamihiiverUeUUs trimeris» 

19. MISCHODON, Thw. 
Hook. Jonm. of Bot. vi. (1854) p. 299. BaiUon, £tnde des Enphwb. p. 335. 

1. M. XmjUxdcvLu, Thw. 1. c. p. 300, t. 10 JB.— c.p. 657. 
Hab. Hantani, Gardner ; Ooma Oya, on the Lower Badulla Eoad 
from Xandy ; not common. 
Flob. r(EM. Stylus 8-partitus, lobis breribus, reflexis, apice rotundato-dilatatis. 

♦♦ Perianthii veriicUlis 4i-h-meris, interiore petalino, aliguando in Jlor.foem, 
minutissimo, vel nullo. 

t Monoica, 

20. CROTON, Linn. 

1. C. lacciferom, Linn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1915 (excl. syn. aliq.)— -4Zev- 
rites lacciferus, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 590. Crotonfbliis ovatis, etc., Fl. 
Zeyl. n. 344. Bicmoides aromaUea arbor, etc.. Barm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 
201, t. 91.— C.P. 2117. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Gtess-kappiteya." 

The lac obtained from the old trees of this species is employed by the Cinghalese 
for medicinal and other purposes. 

2. O. aromaticum, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 649, cum syn.) — An C. Mo» 
luccanum, Willd. 1. c. p. 551 (excl. syn.) r Croton foliis cordatis, etc., 
m. Zeyl. n. 345.— c.p. 2116. 

Hab. Abundant in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Wel- 
kappiteya." 



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2^6 ENUMEBATION OF lEu^horbtocea. 

A praecedente, cui valdc affinis, differt ramulis dongatie debilibns; foliis mians 
pfloais et sspius aperte cordatis ; capsula majore elongatiorequc, pOis stellatu parce 
conapersa. 

The present plant beare considerable resemblance to Roxburgh's Croton drupa* 
ceum; but, besides other diflferences, the frait of the latter ii much laa^r and more 
haiiy, and the htteral nerves of its leaves form a much more acute angle with the 
costa. 

3. C. Klotmscliiaaiim, Wight, Ic. t. 1914.--C.P. 2113. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

Fruiex vel arbor parva, partibua junioribus dense stellato-pubescentibus. Folia ob- 
longo-laoceolata, acuminata, denique snbglabra, incnrvo-denticulata, creberrime trans- 
liicenti-punctulata, \\-4t poll, lon^, f-2 poll, lata, petiolo 3-15 lin. longo, gkndulis 
disciformibus ad apicem subsessilibus. Capsula parum depressa, triloba, 4 lin. in 
diam., denique glabra. 

I think this must be Dr. Wight's plant, as it agrees very well with his figure and 
short description. It is very closely allied to the two preceding species, from which 
it is best distinguished by its smaller, and at length glabrous, leaves and capsule ; 
and by the ktter being distinctly trilobed instead of subsphserical. 

4. C. Moonii, Thw. ; foliis scabris, oblongis vel oborato^oblongis, 
acuminatis, obscnre denticulatis, ntrinque sparse stellato-pubescentibus, 
basi plus minus angustatis, rotundatis vel subcordatis, irregulariter tri- 
nervus ; capsula oblato-sphaeroidea, tuberculata, furfiiracea. — C. punc- 
tatum, Moon, Cat. p. 65 (non Eetz). — c.p. 577. 

Hab. Caltura. 

Jrbor parva, ramulis, petiolis infhrescenfiaqne pubescentia stdlata scabris. Folia 
3-6 poll, long^, li-2i poll, lata, siccitate supeme nigrescentia, petiolo i-H polL 
longo, glandulis disciformibus ad apicem subsessilibus. Capsula 3i lin. in diam. 

6. C. nie^ro-viride, Thw. ; subglabrum, partihus junioribus sparse 
stellato-pubescentibus; foliis firmis, opacis, ovato-lajiceolatis, obtuse 
acuminatis, serratis, irregulariter 3-nerviis, basi parum angustatis ; 
cojmila (immatura) stellato-pubescente furfuraceaque. — c.p. 3637. 

Hab. Eambodde, in the Central I^ovince, at an elevation of 5000 
feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia nigro-viridia, 3-5 poll, longa ; petiolo semipollicari, glandu- 
lis disciformibus ad apicem brevi-stipitatis. 

Allied to the preceding, but distinguished at once by its glabrous and distinctly 
serrated leaves. 

6. C. hirpoleiieuiiij Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. ill. (1851) p. 123 
(non Schlecht.).--C. reticulatum, Heyne, fid. Wall. Cat. 7724 -4,^.— 
c.p. 2110. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 3000 feet. 

PruteXf ramulis, petiolis injlorescentiaqjie albido- vel seepius plus minus fenrugineo- 
leprosis. Folia membranacea, oblongo-lanceolata, acuminata, subintegra, supeme 
glabra nitida (juniora fugaci-leprosa), subtus dense albido-leprosa, basi rotundata vd 
plus minus acuta, trinervja, 3-7 poll, longa, f-2i poll, lata ; petiolo i-li poll, longo^ 
glandulis disciformibus ad apicem 2-4, stipitatis. Capsula ovoidea, trigona, apicu- 
]ata, ferrugineo-leprosa, semipollicaris. Semina oblonga, nigro-fusca, albo-maculata. 

7. C. oblon^oUnm, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. p. 685.-0. lavigatum, Wall. 
Cat. 7735.— c.p. 2114. 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island, at no great elevation. 

jirbor parva, ramulis, petiolis injlorescentiaque albido-leprosis. Folia glabra, ob- 
longo-knceolata, utrinque angustata, parum obtusata, serrata, glandulis disciformibua 
ad apicem petioli parvis inunersis. 



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Euj^harhiacea.] cetlok plaitts. 277 

Croion Tt^lium, Linn., occnn not nnoommoDlyin natiTe gardens, but can scarcely 
be considered truly wild. 

21. BIiACHIA, BaiUon: 
£tude des Eupborb. p. 885, 1. 19, fig. 18-20. 

1. B. umbelUta, Baill. 1. c. — Croton umhellattim, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. 
p. 545 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1874.— c.p. 3014. 

Hab. Yeiy common in the south of the island, and especiaUj near 
the sea. 

Tbougb it is difficult to point out any very decided character to separate this spe- 
cies generically from Croton, still the eglandulose leaves, the umbellate inflorescence, 
the anthers erect in sestivation, and other minor characters about the inflorescence of 
the present plant, are probably sufficient to justify its being constituted a distinct 
genus. 

22. TRIQONOSTEMON, Blnme. 

1. T. diplopetalas, Thw. ; foliis snbglabris, lanceolatis, mncronatis^ 
distanter denticulatis, basi cnneatis ; pedicellis floribns subsDquilongis ; 
^^aZi» profunde bifidis, lobis rotundatis, laciniato-sinuatis, imdulatiB; 
capsula IflBvi, pilosa. — c.p. 678. 

Hab. Palahattoo, in the Eeigam Corle, at no great elevation. — 
Sept. 1856. 

Frutex yel arbor parva, partibui junioribus infloretcentiaqvie parce pilosis. Folia 
sublseyia, pennivenia, siccitate nigro-fuscescentia, 6-9 poll, longa, li~2f poll, lata ; 
petiolo semipollicari, supeme sulcato, ad apicem bidenticolato. Stipula minutse, subu- 
latss, caducse. Racemi terminales, mnltiflori, foliis breviores ; bracteia minutis. Pe^ 
tola rubra. Flos. xasc. Fedicelli \\-2 lin. longi. CtUycis lobi rotundati, petahs 
dimidio breviores. Antherarum loculi ad apicem connectivi crassi divergentes. 
Fl. tcbm. Fedicelli supeme incrassati, 4-5 lin. longi ; fructiferi 6-7 lin. longi. 
Calycis lobi oblongi, plerumque dorso apiculati, petalis reflexis longiores. Styli 
lobi 8, breyes, bis bifidi. Capsula 3-lobata, parum depressa, 2 poll. lata. 

2. T. nemoralis, Thw.; foliis snbglabris, lanceolatis, acnminatis^ 
mncronnlatis, tmdulatis, obscnre denticulatis, penniyeniis, basi cnneatis, 
brevi-petiolatis ; flaribus pedicellis subsBquilongis ; petalis oblongis, 
qnam lobi calycini 2- vel 3-plo longioribns j capsula mnricata, pilosa. — 
C.P. 3570. 

Hab. Madamahanewera, in the Central Province, at an eleyation of 
2000 feet. 

Frutex vel arbor parva, partibus junioribus inflorescentiaqpA adpresse pilosis. 
Folia sublseyia, ad apicem ramuli parum conferta, 8-7 poll, longa, 1-2 poll, lata; 
petiolo 2-4 lin. longo, apice bidenticnlato. Stipula subulatse, 1-1 i Im. longse. 
Bacemi mnltiflori, fohis breyiores. Fetala rubra. Flos, icasc. Antherarum loculi 
subparalleli, parum distantes, ad apicem connectiyi rotundati. Fl. 7(em. quam 
masc. parum mtgores, 6-7 liu. in exp. Ovarium hispidum. Stj/li lobi 8, breyes, 
spathukti, emarginati, reflexi. Semina spheerica, 8 Hn. in diam., dorso parum can- 
nata; ^^to Iseyi, fnsco>marmorata. 

23. JATBOFHA, Kth. 

1. J. sUnea, Vahl, (WiUd. Sp. PL iv. p. 668.)— c.p. 2168. 
Hab. Damboul, Qa/rdner, 



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878 BVUVBEATioir OF IJEhipharbiaoea. 

24. DIMOBPHOCAItTX, Thw. (gen. hot.) 

Flob. MA8C. Cah/x cnprdiformis, mai^ine undnlatis rel biere S-^fen- 
tatns. PetcUa 6, erecta, apice reflexa. Glandula 6, squamffiformes, pe- 
talis altemse. Stamma scBpissime 10, biseruJia, 5 externa breviora 
petalis opposita; filamentis coalitis, apice liberis; antheris introrsis, 
loculis panJlelis, longitndinaliter debiscentibos. Ovarii rudimentum 
nnllom. Flob. pcem. Calyx profunde 5-loba8, segmentis plus mmus 
insBqnalibus. Petala ut in flor. masc. Stamina abortiva Bsepius nulla. 
Disctts annularis. Ovarium 3-loculare. 8tyli lohi 3, erecti, apicibus 
bifldis, reflexis. Capmla 3-cocca, calyce plus minus aucto suffulta. 
Arhor parva, ramosissima, glabra ; foliis lanceolatis vel ovatis, margine 
parce glanduloso-punctatis, petiolatis ; stipulis parvis, triangularibus, 
acutis; cymis pauci£oris, terminalibus axiUaribusque, sessilibus Tel 
breTi*peduneuk^, ssBpius unisexuis ; hracteis parvis, imbricatis. 

1. D. i^labeUas, Thw. — Croton glahellwm. Herb. Wi^ht. An C 
La/wianu8, Nimmo in App. to Graham's Bot. of Bombay r — c.f. 1046 
(2167). 

Hab. Common in the hot drier parts of the island. Nom. Tulg. 
** Welle-wenne-gass." 

Folia 1-6 poll, longa, petiola 2-6 lin. longo. PedieelH 1-4 lin. Icmgi. Fetaht 
alba, 8-4 lin. longa. Cc^tsula 4-6 lin. in diam., pilosfda. 

tt Dioiea, 

25. DESMOSTEMON, Thw. (gen. noT.) 

Calyx profVmde 5-lobu8, segmentis rotundatis, insqualibus. Petala 
5, erecta, apice reflexa, calyce longiora. Flob. maso. Glandules 5, 
majusculsB, camosee, contigu». Stamina circiter 15, 3-serialia ; jfS^ 
mentis cohsBrentibus, apice Hbens, 5 extemis brerioribus et petaUs op- 
positis; antheris dorso medio affixis, extrorsis, loculis paralleHs et 
longitudiiuLtiter dehiscentibus. Flob. f<eh. Ovarium conico-ovoideum. 
Discus annularis. Styli lohi 3, bifidi. Capsula 3*cocoa, subsphserica, 
parum 6-costata, exteme subcamosa. Semina oblonga, albumine oo* 
pioso. Arhor, partibus junioribus fu^^i-leprosis ; foUis majusculis, 
oblongo-lanoeolatis, acuminatis^ serratis, glabris, penniy^iiis, longe 
petiolatis, petiole ad apicem tumido et minute 2'^landuloso ; stijmus 
Bunutis, interne glandula rotondata tectis; pamcvlis terminaubus, 
elongatis, pendulis ; fiorilyus plus minus glomeratis, brevi-pedicellatis. 

1. D. Xeylanlewib Thw.*-H;.P. 2160. 

Var. ^. miiuyr ; subarboreus, partibus omnibus minoribus. — cjp. 2158; 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 400O feet. Var. fi. 
Warmer and southern parts of the island. Nom. vulg. *' Wal-kakoona* 
gass." 

Petala albida, 8-4 lin. longa. Capsula 1 poll. (mr. $ 6 lin.) long% pnbesoentia 
fttellata folva vestita. 

Between yar. a and j3 I can discover no distinetive character but that of suse ; and 
in that respect there is considerable difference : the former being a large forest tree ; 
whilst var. j3 might in some instances be termed a mere shrub, and lus flowers and 
firuit a good deal smaller than those of var. a. 

26. GIVOTIA, Griff. 
1. O. rottleriformU, Griff. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1889.— C.P. U39. 



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Hab. Hot dffier ports of the isknd, not oommcm. 

Flok. masc. Slamina seepissime 16, basi eoalita, 6 externa breriora. 

27. SAECOCLINIUlli; Wight. 

1. 8. lonsifoUnm, Wight. Ic. 1. 1887, 1888.<— C.P. 596. 

Hab. Central Frovince, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. Nam. 
TTilg. " Bairoo-gasB." 

The leaves of this phmt, as they are <tf a firai aoniistenQe and do xu>jt .rapidly de- 
compose, are used by the Cinghalese for thatching. 

2. 8. Hookeri^ Thw. ; foliis magnis, glabris, nitidis, cuneato-ilanoeo- 
latis, brevi-acaminaiis, senmktis, {i^nnivemis, bfevi^petioiatis ; jft^lis 
magnia, a basi lata lanceolatiB, acutis. Pxob. fobm. Mofiemis foliis snb- 
leqailongis, pendulis, glabris.; fedkeUis soUtariis, inira medium artioa* 
latis ; sepatts triangiilaribus, discum annularem magnum viz exoedeo^ 
tibus.— C.P. 3429. 

Hab. T^ear ISknalagodde, in the Satnapoora District, at no great 
elevation. Nom. vulg. " Maha-bairoorgass." 

Jrbor mediporis. Folia 2-3-pedalia, 5-7 poU. lata, venit frinuariis nna .i^ altern 
7-8 lin. distantibns, parallelis. Stipula li-2^ polL longas, striatse, fiisesB. Elob. 
r(EM. apetali (yel forsan petalis cito deddois). Pedicelli 5-6 lin. loagi. Ovarium 
obtose trigonmn, minute tomentosom. Stylus brevis, crassos, a medio 8-partitna; 
tegmentii interne stigmatosis, apice emarginatis. Capsula cocci rotondati. Semina 
g^iArioa, temipolHeana. Emif^ in medio albinninis oopioai ; co^ledouidus planis^ 
(ahkdl^hm, radicula ^Itndrioa iisdem sobeqiiilonga. Fhr. mJb. nondain vidi. 

28. AOBOSTISTACHTS, Palz. 

Hook. Jonm. of Bot. it (185Q) P- 41. JBailh>n« £tade dos Xlq^. p. SIO. 

1. A. Indica, Dalz. 1. c.-— c.p. 2156. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 1000 -to 2000 feet. 
Tlor. masc. Petala 6-8, albida. Stamina 8-18, basi in tnbimi breyem, pistilli 
rndimentom dngentem eoalita. 

TRIB. BIOrULATM, 

Sect. 5. BBiXPBLiRfi.--yP0rtaftM«i hiteriaUs verUciUo 
interiore petalino, 

* Calycis tegmentis valvatis, 

29. BRIBDELIA, Willd. 

1. B. retusay Spr. — B. spinosa, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 979. Clu^ia 
reimsa, Linn. ; Wuld. 1. c. p. 883. C spinosa, Boxb. Cot. PI. ii. p. 38, t. 
172; Eheed. Hort. Mai. ii. 1. 16.— c.p. 2161. 

Hab. Ccmmion up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Norn. Tujg." Kat- 
takaala-gass." 
Folia acuta vel obtnsa, in aiboribns vetnstioribns retnsa. 

2. B. Moonii, Thw. ; arborea ; foliis majusculis, oblongis, parum 
acutis, obtusis vel retusis, minute venosis, subtus villosulis; fiorum 
glomerulis axillaribus ; fructihus ovoideis, parum acutis.— C^tf^^ta r^ 
tusa. Moon's Cat. p. 71 (non Linm).-— c.f. 347i5. 



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280 BKiTMBiULTiON OF IJEv^horUace^B^ 

Hab. Equally common with the preceding, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. Nom. vulg. " Patkaala-gsfis." 

The CinghAlese consider this qnite distinct from the preceding, which it however 
very closely resembles, differingin its somewhat larger leaves, axillary, not spiked 
inflorescence, and ovoid fruit. They are probably mere varieties of one species. The 
timber of both is useful for building purposes. 

80. AMANOA, AubL 

1. A. patola, Thw. — A, Indica, Wight, Ic. 1. 1911. Cluytia patula, 
Boxb. Cor. PI. ToL ii. p. 37, 1. 170 ; Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 884.— c.p. 
2151, 2164. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

Jrbor parva vel mediocris, glabra. Folia oblonga vel rotundata, longinscule 
acuminata, 2-7 poU. longa. Flares pQosuli. Capsula estipitata vel stipite brevis- 
simo, parce longinscule pilosa. 

2. A. palliday Thw. ; arborea, pariihuB junioribus pallide fiilyo-pa- 
bescentibos ; foliis oblong, lanceolatis, acuminaiis, mncronatis, basi 
acntis ; floribus ^lomeratis, axillarlbus, exteme incano-pubescentibus ; 
capmla snbsessih, longinscule pallide fblvo-pilosa. — o.f. 2166. 

£Llb. Hangnranketty, near feandj. 

Arbor parva. Folia \\-h poll, longa, petiole ^3 lin. longo. Capsula parum 
depressa, cirdter 8 lin. in diam. 

3. A. fBrrncineay Thw. ; arborea, partibus jumorihus fermgineo- 
pilosis ijbliis lubcoriaceis, oblongis, obtuse rostrato-acuminatis, supeme 
glabris, nitidis, subtus opacis, j^ilosulis, venis renulisque prominentibus ; 
Jloribus axillanbus, glomeratis, ferrugineo-pilosis ; eapsula stipitata, 
ferrugineo-tomentosa. — c.p. 2407. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 2-5 poll, longa, peHolo 2-3 lin. longo. Capsula pamm 
depressa, 4 lin. in diam., stipite 1 lin. longo. 

4. A. colUnay Baill. !^tude des Euph. p. 582. — Clmtia coUina, Eoxb. 
1. c. 1. 169 ; Willd. 1. c. p. 883.— c.p. 2163. 

Hab. Colonna Corle, rare. Nom. vulg. " Madara-gass." 

Nanopetalum, Hassk., a specimen of which I have received from M. Binnendgk, 
in habit resembles the present genus, as well as in its valvate calyx and stipitate 
capsule I but in its exalbuminate seeds it resembles Actephila. 

** Cah/ds segmentis imbricatis. 

31. ACTBPHILA, Blume. 
Anomospermum, Dalz. An Savia, Willd. P 

1. A. Neilf^lierreiksis, Wight, Ic. t. 1910. — A, Javanica, Miq. FL 
Ind. Bat. vol. i. pars altera, p. 356. Soma Actephila, Hassk. Cat. Boy. 
p. 243. An Anomospermum exceUvm, Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. 
ui. (1831) p. 228 P— C.P. 2632, 3430, 3431. 

Hab. I^t very uncommon in the central and southern parts of the 
island, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia ovato- vel elongato-lanceolata, plus minus acuminata, basi 
cuneata, 2-8 poll, longa, li-3i poll. l&iA, petiolo i-\^ poll, longo. Fedicelli lon- 
gitudine valde varii. 

An extremely variable plant, and the different forms so merge into one another. 



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EuphorhiacetBJ^ ceylon plants. 281 

that I find it impoesible to separate them into^ distinct varieties. In the ripe seeds 
I can discoyer no trace of albumen surrounding the embryo. 

Sect. 6. PHYLLANTHEiE. — Flores apetali ; perianthio biseriali vel 
sub'hiseriali ; fructus loculis dispermU, 

32. PROSOEUS, Dalz., Thw. 

C^ea (Sect. Protorus), BailL Zygospermumy Thw. MSS. olim, BailL 

1. P. Zndica, Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iv. (1862) p. 346 5 Thw. 
ibid. vol. vi. (1864) p. 298, t. 10 C, figs. 3, 4, 6, 6 ; et vol viii. (1856) 
p. 272.— c.p. 2166, 3099. 

Hab. Not uncominon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vnlg. 
** Carron-gass." 

Flor. masc. numerosissimi, IJ lin. lati. Discus convexns, gibbus, rugulosus. 
Pedicelli 3-4 lin. longi. Floe. r(EM. term. Fedicelli 4-5 lin. longi. 

2. P. cyanosperma, Thw. — P. Gartneri, Thw. 1. c. viii. p. 272, et 
vol. vi. t. 10 C, figs. 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10. Croton ? cyanospermum, Gsertn. 
De Fract. voL ii. p. 120, 1. 107. Zygospermwm zeylanictm, Thw. MSS. 
olim ; Baill. Etud. des Euph. p. 620.— c.p. 2601. 

Hab. Ambagamowa ana Batnapoora Districts, up to an elevation of 
ICXX) feet. Nom. vulg. " Sooddoo-leyang-gass." 

Flos. hasc. nnmerosi, 3 lin. lati. Disctes concavus, Isevis, cum palycis tubo 
adnatns. Fedicelli 4-5 lin. longi. Flob. T(eh. soUtarii. Pedicelli 5-8 lin. longi. 

This and the preceding are entirely bare of leaves just before flowering. The 
timber of both is useful for buildinger. 

33. PLUBQQBA, WiUd. 
An Chorisandray Wight, Ic. 1. 1994 ? 

1. P. lencopyma, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 757; Wight, Ic. t. 1876.— 
C.P. 2154. 

Hab. Very abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. " Zatoo-pilla." 

In my specimens the ovary is 3-locnlar, and the style is tripartite, with the apices 
bifid ; in other respects the plant is well represented in Dr. Wight's figure quoted 
above. Two plants from the continent of India, given me by Br. Thomson, and 
Darned respectively F. retttsa and F. virosa, appear to be very closely allied to the 
present species, but have comparatively much shorter petioles. 

34. PELTANDBA, Wight. 
(Icones, tt. 1891, 1892.) 

1. P. fleznoMiy Thw. ; sufiruticosa, glabra ; ramis parum angulatis, 
striatis, flezuosis ifoliis teneris, membranaceis, integris, ovatis, utrinque 
plus minus acutis, longiuscule petiolatis. — c.p. 3571. 

Hab. Minnery, not common. 

Humflis, parce ramosa. Folia ejusdem stirpis magnitudiue valde varia, glauco- 
viridia, snpeme secus costam venas primariasque albo-areolata, petiolo 1-8 lin. longo. 
Inflorescentia monoica, rachi brevissima, bracteata ; hracteis lanceolatis, acuminatis. 
Sepcda rotundata, membranacea. Floe. masc. numerosi, singulatim evoluti. Fedi" 
celli drciter 2 lin. longi. Floe. pceh. ssepius solitarii ad basin racheos. Fedicelli 
cirdter 7 lin. longi. Stylus tripartitus, lobis profunde bifidis, capitellatis. 

2 o 



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EHUMBBATioN ov \^Eupkorbiace(B, 



35. KIBGtANELIA, Juss., BaiU. 
Sect, ovario 4- vel pluri-locu/ari* — Jnisonema, A. Juae. 

1. K. midtifloray Baill. ^tad. des Euph. p. 614. — Anisonema multi- • 
flora, Wight, Ic. 1. 1899. Phylhmthu8 multiflorus, Willd. Sp. PI. iv. 
p. 581 ; R)xb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 664. P. pentandra. Herb. Eoxb. P. 
puberula, Miq. Shamnus Zeylamcus, etc., Burm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 198, 
t. 88.— c.p. 2142. 

Var. fi ; gl(ibra.^P. sccmdens, Herb. Eoxb.— c.P. 327, 2947. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, especially towards the north, 
very abundant. Nom. vulg. "Wel-kyla." 

36. PHYIiLAWTHUS, linn. 

1. P. Nirtiri, Linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 659, cnm syn.)— c.p. 2138. 
Var. fi J sepalis 5.--Wight, Ic. 1. 1894.— c.p. 2136. 

Hab. a very abundant weed in gardens, etc. Var. fi. Hot, drier 
parts of the island. Nom. ynlg. " Fittawaaka." 

2. P. XXrinaria, Linn. (Eoxb. 1. c. p. 660, cum syn.) — P. leprocarpus, 
Wight, Ic. 1. 1895-4.— c.p. 2137. 

Hab. Equally common with the preceding. Nom. vulg. " Eat-pit- 
tawaaka." 

3. P. rotnndifoUos, Zlein. (Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 584).— C.P. 2134. 
Hab. Batticaloa, Oardner. 

4. P. Maderaspatensisy Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 575). — P. ohcordoitus, 
Eoxb. 1. c. p. 656.— CrP. 2133. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, common. 

5. P. polyphyUiui, Willd. 1. c. p. 586 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1895-2.— c.p. 
2140, 2502 (2564). 

Hab. a very common shrub or small tree in the northern parts of 
the island. 

Sect. 2. Emhlica, Gaertn. 

6. P. Bmblica, Linn. (Willd. 1. c. p. 586, cum syn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 
871).— J^wft/tca officinalis, G»rtn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1896.— c.p. 2144. 

Hab. Conmion on exposed grassy places, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " NeDi-gass." 

The ihiit of this tree is much esteemed as a medicine by the Cinghalese. The 
timber is used for buildings. 

Sect. 3. Maeraa, Wight. 

7. P. simplex, Willd. 1. c. p. 573 ; Eoxb. l.c. p. 654.— An Maeraa 
ohhngjfoUa, Wight, Ic. t. 1902-1 P— c.p. 2139. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

8. P. Oardneri,.Wight, Ic. t. 1902-3.— P. fruticosa. Wall.' MSS. 
An Maeraa ovaltfoUa, Wight, Ic. 1. 1902-4 P— c.p. 5 (54, 296, 501). 

Var. fi. jfubescens; tota planta plus minus pilosa.— c.p. 178. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Differs from the preceding, which it closely resembles in habit, in the firmer tez- 



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Bu^horbicusea,'] OEYLON plants. 283 

tare of its leaves ; larger, more cordate and aGuminated stipules, and larger calyx. 
In both, the capsule, when fresh, is slightly tubercnlated. I suspect they will prove 
to be but forms of one species. 

9. P. mTitifoUaSy Wight, Tc. t. 1902-2.— c.p. 650. 
Hab. Banks of rivers, np to an elevation Qf 1500 feet. 

Frutex majuscnlus, valde ramosus. Folia basi angustata, subauriculata. Floret, 
cum pedicellis, .rufescentes. 

A very distinct and elegant species, and becoming under cultivation a compact 
and extremely ornamental shrub. 

10. P. flaccidusy Thw. ; annua, erecta, plus minus ramosa, glabra ; 
ramis striatis, parum angulatis ; foliis teneris, ovatis, subacutis, muero- 
natis ; stipulis anguste lanceolatis, petiolo lon^oribus ; flob. liASC. 
2-3-nis,^ brevi-pedlcellatis ; flob. F(em. majonbus, in axillis versus 
apicem ramorum solitariis; pedicellis triangularibus, supeme incras- 
satis, calyce subsequilongis.— c.p. 320 (510, 2147). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

i-3-pedalis. Folia i^li poU. longa, petiolo i-1 lin. longo. Sepala ovato-ob- 
longa, subacuta. Floe. masc. glandula rotundatse, tuberculatse. Flob. pcem. 
discus margine minutissime crenulatus. Stylus 8-partitus, apicibus bifidis, diver- 
gentibns. 

37. EPISTYLIUM, 8w., BaiU. 
Sect, flor.fcem, t-sepalis. — Beidia, Wight, Miq. Friococeus, Hassk. 

1. S. fkOTihuadum.-'BeidiaJloribunda, Wight, Ic. 1. 1903. Ph^fl- 
lanfhus longiflorusy Heyhe. — c.p. 71, 2531. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

2. S. montaanmy Thw. ; glabrum ; foliis ellipticis vel oblongis, 
a]brupte brevissime aci^ninatis, basi insequalibus, brevi-petiolatis ; pedi' 
cellis folio longioribus ; sepalis ovatis, fimbriatis ; flob. fgbm. disco 
obscure 6-lobo, sublsvi ; capsula glabra.— ^c.p. 214^. 

Hab. Horton Plains, at an elevation of 7000 feet. 

8-4-pedale. Folia 2^-7 lin. longa, li-4 lin. lata. Flor, masc, 1-8-ni ; fcem, 
solitarii. 

Allied to the preceding, which it much resembles, but distinguished from it by the 
absence of pubescence ; smaller leaves ; fimbriated sepals ; and the nearly entire and 
smooth disk of the female flowers. 

3. B. latifoUnm.— i?et(^t(r latifolia, Wight, Ic. t. 1904r-2.— c.p. 2145. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
2-8-pedale. Folia firma, subtus areolata, costa venisque dilatatis. Flor. /asm. ad 

apices ramorum racemosi. 

4. E. polirplkylliim — Beidia polyphyHa, Wight, lo. 1. 1904-4. — c.p. 
432. 

Hab. Banks of stream at Leeta-gangoola, near Adam's Peak, at an 
elevation of 5000 feet. 

3-4-pedale. Sepala omnia fimbriata. Flob. F(KM. discus snbinteger vel obscure 
6-lobus. 

38. AGYNEIA, Linn. 
1. A. bacciformis/A. Juss. (Wight, Tc. t. IS9S). -- A. ph^/llanthoides, 



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284 ENUMBEATION OP [EwphorhiacciB. 

Spr. Fhyllanthus bacciformis, laxm, ; Soxb. Fl. Ind. iiL p. 661. — c.p. 
2130. 
Hab. Not uncommon near the sea. 



39. SAUEOPTJS, Blnme. 
Sauropus et Ceraioffynum, Wight. 

1. S. Oardneriana, Wight, Ic. 1. 1951-2. — 8. Zeylanica et 8. Indica, 
Wight, Ic. t. 1952; WaB. Cat. n. 7933 ^ et ^. An 8. albicans, 
Blume, Bijdp. p. 596. Fhyllanthus si/rictus, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 670P 
—c.p. 2146. 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

I suspect that this will prove to be bat a fonn of Blame's plaat, which appears to 
differ from the present principally in having firmer leaves, with more prominent 
veins, jadging f^m a specimen I have from M. Binnendijk. 

2. S. retroversa, Wight, Ic. 1. 1951-1.— c.p. 3134. 

Hab. Oodoopussalawa, in the Centra] Province, at an elevation of 
about 4000 feet. 

Fruiex crectus, glaber. Folia l-2i poll, longa, \-\\ poll, lata, a basi lata vel 
scepe parum cordata gradatim acuminata, petiolo 1-li lin. longo. Flob. masc. pal- 
lide virides, flavescentes, margine inferiore periantkii dnplicati, pileiformis, circiter 
12-dentata. Flor. fcem. periantkium 8-4 lin. in exp., lobis horizontalibos, roton- 
datis, 3 exter. minoribus, subacntis. Capsula albida, pyriformis, poUicaris. 

3. S. aasimilis, Thw. ; fruticosa, glabra ; ramis parum angnlatis ; 
foliis membranaceis, teneris, ovato-lanceolatifl, acuminatis, basi plus 
minus acutis ; plos. masc. lobis perianthii duplicati, sequalibus, an- 
guste cylindricis, obtusis, curvatis, suberectis. — c.p. 2855. 

Hab. AUagalla, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet.. 

Folia li-3 poll, long&y petiolo li lin. longo. Flor. masc pallide virides, fla- 
vescentes, lobis periantkii 2 lin. longis. Jnthera subsessiles. Flor. fosm* nondum 
vidi. 

This in general appearance closely resembles S. Gardneriana, bat the flowers are 
more hke those of Ceratogynum rhamnoideSy Wight, Ic. t. 1900, from which latter 
species, however, it wonld seem to be sufficiently distinguished by its much larger 
and differently shaped leaves, and the obtuse, cylindrical, narrower lobes of the peri- 
anth. 

4. S. rigfida, Thw. ; fruticosa, erecta, glabra, rigida, ramosa ; ramis 
angulatis ; foliis ovalibus vel rotundatis, brevi-petiolatis ; floribus pau- 
cis, axillaribus, brevi-pedicellatis ; masc lobis perianthii duphcati 
horizontalibus, triaugularibus, margine exteriore retusa vel parce si- 
nuata ; fcem. sepalis obovoideis, obtusis, apiculatis ; ovario apice con- 
cavo, stigmata bifida erecta includente. — c.p. 2135. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island, not very common. 

l-2-pedali8. Folia 8-7 lin. longa, 1^5 lin. lata, snperne nigro-viridia, medio 
albo-notata, subtus pallida. . Flores pallide virides, flavescentes ; masc. 1 lin., rcsM. 
3-4 lin. in exp. Capsula ovoidea, 8 lin. longa. 

The ovary of this species bears a very considerable resemblance to that of Agyneia 
bacciformis. Fhyllanthus rhamnoideSy Rozb. (non Willd.), would appear, from the 
description, to be nearly allied to this ; but the long-pediceUed male flowers of that 
plant are sufficient to prove it distinct. 



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Ewph<yi*hiace<B,'\ CBYLOW PI.ANT8. 285 

40. MELANTHESA, Blume. 

1. M. rhamnoides, Blume, Bijdr. p. 591 (non Fhvllanthus rham' 
noides, WiUd. vel Eoxb.) ; Wight, Ic. t. \9Q%-\,—Pkyll(mthu8 Vitis- 
IcUsa, Eloen. ; Eoxb. FL Ind. iii. p. 665 (haud BhamntLs VUis-IdiBa, 
Burm. FL Ind. p. 61). — P. cinercucens. Wall. An Melanthesa wr- 
gata et Jf. racemosa, Bl. 1. c. P — c.P. 2141. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Norn. vulg. 
" Gaas-kyla.^' 

Specimens from the Java Botanic Garden, named respectively Melanthesa virgata 
and M. racemosa^ Blnme, appear to me to differ in no essential respect from the 
present plant, but they are not in a safficiently perfect state to enable me to deter- 
mine satisfactorily. 

2. M. torbinata, Wight, Ic. t. 1897.— Jf. ohliqua, Wight, Ic. t. 
1898-2. Phyllanthus turbinatiis, Keen. ; Roxb. 1. c. p. 666. P. patens, 
Roxb. 1. c. p. 667. P. rhamnoides, Herb. Heyne. P. glaucifolia, 
Wall. Cat. n. 7911 B, E.-^cv, 2143. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. yulg. " Wal- 
mooroonga." 

41. GLOCHIDION, Forst., Blume. 
Bradleia, Geert. Cfgnoon, A. Jnss. 
(Nom. vulg. " Hoonoo-kirilla-gass.") 

1. O. Zeylanieum, Thvr. — Bradleia Zeylanica, Grsertn. De Fr. ii. p. 
12, t. 109. B. obliqua. Wall. 

Var. a ; tota planta glabra ; flob. p<em. styh brevi, crassiusculo.— 
c.P. 2149. 

Var. fi ; ramulis, petiolis,foliis subtus inHorescentiaqae brevi-tomen- 
tosis ; FLOB. FCEM. stvlo subnullo.— " Falconer, n. 845, Amherst," in 
Hort. Calc. — c.p. 3432. — ^An species distinctaP 

. Hab. Central and southern parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. 

Arbor parva. Folia firma, oblonga, acnminata, basi rotundata, obliqua, 3--6 poll, 
longa, circiter 2 poll, lata, petiolo 2 lin. longo. Flores umbellati. Pedunculi soli- 
tarii, axillares vel supra-axillares, petiolo 2-3-plo longiores. Sepala rotundata, sub- 
acuta. Flor. masc. Anther a 5-6. Flor. pcem. Ovarium 5-6-loculare. Captula 
oblato-sphserica, semipollicaris. ^ 

2. O. coriaceum^ Thw. ; glabrum ; foliis majusculis, coriaceis, ovatis 
vel oblongis, obtuse acuminatis, mucronatis, basi obliquis, abrupte in 
petiolum angustatis ; sepalis flaccidis, rotundatis yel late oblongis, sub- 
acutis ; flob. masc. antheris 3 ; plob. fcem. sessilibus vel siibsessili- 
bus ; stylo crasso, brevi, oblongo vel suborbiculari, apiae 3-fi8so ; caj)- 
sula subsphserica, depressa, parum triloba. — c.p. 3016, 342, 2529. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 4000 feet. 
Arbor parva. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, l-2i poll, lata, petiolo circiter 2 lin. longo. 
Floe. masc. Fedicelli 3-4 Hn. longi. Flok. fcem. Capsula 4-5 lin. in diam. 
An extremely variable species. 

3. G. Jussieuiannm. — Qynoon Jussieuianum, Wight, Ic. t. 1908. G, 
triandrum, W. et A.P, Wight, I.e.— c.p. 2561 (P2560). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

I have received this species from Java, so that it woidd appear to be widely dis- 



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286 SKUMBBATION OS. {JSu^horbiocece. 

tributed. c.p. 2560 I belieye to be an abnormal state of the present plant, in which 
the sepals have cohered into a tridentate tnbnlar perianth. 

4. O. Moonii, Thw. — Gynoon hirsutum, Wight, Ic. t. 1909 (haud 
Bradleia hirsuta, Hoxb.)* JPhyllanihus pubeseens, Moon's Cat. p. 65. 
— C.P. 68, 258, 2150. 

Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Frutex vel ardor parva, ramulis hirsutis ?el tomentosis. Folia ovato- vel oblongo- 
lanceolata, acuminata, plus minus tomentosa vel aliquando subglabra. 2-8 poll, longa, 
1-3 poll, lata, basi parum acuta, brevi-petiolata. Injlorescentia nirsuta. Sepala 
lineari-oblonga. Flor. ?(eh. sessiles vel subsessiles. Stylus plus minus elongatua 
clavatusque, pilosus, apice trifidus. CajMula pilosa. 

5. G. montanum^ Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis pamm angulatis et cum 
petiolis iti/lorescentiaqae tomentosis ; foliis ovato- vel oblongo-lanceo- 
latis, obtusis, mucronatis, plus minus tomentosis vel subglabris, basi 
obliquis, rotundatis vel ranus parum acutis ; sepalis oblongis ; flob. 
rcEM. sessiUbus ; gtvlo cylindrico vel parum clavato, dense piloso vel 
subglabro, apice trifido ; capmla glabra, depressa, trUoba. — c.p. 3133. 

Hab. Oova, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 
feet. 

15-20«pedalis. Folia li-3 poll, longa, f-li poll. h.i&,petiolo H lin. longo. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, from which it differs in its more arboreous 
habit, smaller, less acuminated leaves, and glabrous capsules. 

6. G. Gardneii, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis glabris ; foliis glabris, acu- 
minatis, mucronatis, basi obliquis, in petiolum brevem angUstatis ; i»- 

Jlorescentia plus minus pilosa ; sepalis oblongis ; flob. fcbm. sessilibus ; 
stylo glabro, elongato, clavato, apice triEdo ; capsula glabra, depressa, 
tnloba.— c.p. 3156. 

Var. a; foliis ovatis, abrupte breveque acuminatis. 

Yar. j3 ; foliis oblongis, longiuscule acuminatis ; injlorescentia minus 
pilosa. 

Hab. Var. a. Central Province, Ga/rdner. Var. ^. Eeigam Corle. 

Arbor parva. Folia (var. o) li-3 poll, longa, 1-1 i polL lata ; (var. )3) 2^-4 
poll, longa, f-li poll. lata. 

7. O. nemorale, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis, petiolis in/lorescentiaqne 
breti-pilosis ; foliis gl&hnB, oblongo-lamceolatis, longiuscule acuminatis, 
subtus venis prominentibus, basi obli<]^uis, acutis ; sepalis oblongis ; 
FLOB. F(£M. fasciculatis, pedicellis petiolo ssepius longioribus; stylo 
elongato, clavato, glabro ; capsula glabra, depressa, triloba. — c.p. 3015. 

uIb, Pasdun Corle, at no great elevation. 

Folia 3i-7 poll, longa, li-2 poll, lata, petiolo circiter 2 lin. longo. 

Phtllanthus stellatus, Retz, Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 577, is probably one of 
the foregoing species of Glockidion, but the description is too imperfect for the iden- 
tification of the plant. 

Sect. 7. PiEBABDiE^. — Flores apetalif perianthio hiseriali vel suh-bi' 
seriali. Ovula bina in loculo sub processu magno cuculliformi pla- 
centcB affixa, Fnictus monospermus vel loculis monospermis, 

42. CYCLOSTBMON, Blume. 
S^hragidia, Thw. 
1. C. Zeylanicnmi Baill. Etud. des Euphorb. p. 562. — Sphragidia 



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JSujthorbiacea,] cetlon plants. 287 

Zeylanioa, Thw. in Hook. Joum. Bot. vii. (1866) p. 270, t. 10.— c.p. 

2m. 

Hab. Central Froyince, at an elevation of about 3000 feet. 

Jrbor 30-40-pedali8, partibut junioribut parce fdgaci-pilosis. Folia 5-10 poIL 
longa, 1^-3 poll, lata, petiolo 4-8 lin. lougo. Flares pallide ochracd. Sepala 4-5, 
rotandata^ obtusa, exteme cum pedicellis sericeo-pilosa. Prnctw sabpollicariB. 

43. HBMICYCLIA, W. et A., Thw. 

AHylii, Wight. 

1. H. sepiaria, W. et A. (Wight, Ic. t. 1872 ; Thw. in Hook. Journ. 
of Bot. vii. (1855) p. 271).— c.p. 2120. 

Hab. Abundant in the hot, drier parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Weera-gass." 

2. H. Gfordneri, Thw. 1. c.— c.p. 2121. 

Hab. With the preceding species, but not so abundant. 

Arbor mediocris ; partibus junioribut, petiolii inflorescentiaqae pabescentibos. 
Folia lanceolata, crenata, retosa, mucronata, basi obliqua, angostata et SQbtos secus 
costam pilis longis stipata, 1-8 poll, longa, i-1 poll, lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. 
F7ores paad, pallide ochracei, 6 lin. in exp. Masc. Stamina circiter 24, discum 
medio excayatum cingentibos. Ovarii rudimentum nnllmn. F(EM. Stylus brevis. 
Stigma conyexom, carnosum. Drupa oblonga, 4 lin. longa. 

3. H. lanceolata, Thw. ; arborea ; ramulis, petiolis infhrescefUiaqae 
pilosis; foliis subglabris, lanceolatis, obtuse acuminans, mucronatb, 
oasi obhquis, subacutis et subtus secus costam longe pilosis ; Jloribus 
paucis, parvis ; d/rupa oblonga, ad apicem obhqua ; putamine cristato, 
retictdato.— C.P. 2211. 

Hab. Caltura. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 1-3 poll, longa, ^1 poll, lata, petiolo 1-2 lin. longo. 
Floret circiter 2 lin. in. exp. Maso. Stamina circiter 16. FosM. Stylus brevis, in 
Umini^m bifidam dilatatns, reflexos. Drupa rubra, 6 lin. longa, S lin. lata. 

44. FALENGA, Thw. 
Hook. Jonm of Bot. viii. (1856) p. 270. Baill. £tud. des Enph. p. 649. 

1. P. Zeylanioa, Thw. 1. c. p. 271, t. 7 C— O.P. 3349. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of about 2000 f^et. 
Nom. vulg. " Palenga-gass.'* 

Arbor 40-50-pedali8, glabra, ramulis teretibus. Folia lanceolata, acuminata, 
penniyenia, obUona, nitida, nigro-yiridia, subtus sparsim glanduloso-pnnctata, 3-5 
poll, longa, l-lf poll, lata, petiolo mguloso, 2 lin. loogo. Stipula minntse. Plores 
albidi, f lin. longi. Fedicelli 1 lin. longi. Fructus 8 lin. longns, 4 lin. latus, 
fiuco-tomentoflas. 

45. PUTEANJIVA, Wall. 
Nageia, Roxb. (non Gsrtn.) 

1. P. RozbnrsliU, Wall. Tent. Fl. Nep. p. 61 ; Cat. n. 6814 ; Eoyle, 
PI. Him. 1. 100 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1876.— iVo^ewi Putranjiva, Eoxb. FL 
Ind. iii. p. 767.— c.p. 2122. 

Hab. Hot, drier parts of the island. 



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288 BNUMEBATiON OF IJEuj^horhtocea, 

46. AFOB.OSA, Blume, Miq., Baill. 

Scepa, Lindley. Zepidostachyt, WalL 

(Nom.vulg. "Kabella-gass.") 

'?Sau>U, 1. A. liindleyana. ^wf: — Scepa Idndlevana, Wight, Ic. t. 361.— 

^ C.P.2153. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Jrbor mediocris, valda ramosa. Flos. P(EM. Fedicelli ^-1 lin. longi, firactiferi 
2 lin. longi. Ovarium ampullseforme, falvo-pilosnm, 2- vel 3-localare. atigma 2-3- 
partitam, lobis bifidis, tuberculatis vd parmn plamosis. Fruetus subsphsricus, 
brevi-apiculatus, sessiHs, semipoUicaris. Semina tonica externa carnosa, flaya, sapida. 

Closely allied to and resembling in general appearance Lepidottachys Roxburghii, 
Wall. Cat. No. 6816, but differing from it in its smaller leaves, whicb are frequently 
rounded at the base, its pediceUate female flowers, and its fruit being not at all 
stipitate. 

2. A. lanceolatay Thw. — Lepidostachys lanceolata, Tul. in Ann, des 
Sci. Nat. (Bot.) s^r. 3, v. 16, p. 264.— c.p. 2162. 

Hab. Equally common witn the last. 

Jrbor parva. Flob. if asc. seepius diandri, oyani mdimento minuto, incouspicuo. 
Flob. ?(em. Spica circiter S-florse. Ovarium ampullseforme, glabrum. Stigma breve, 
sessile, disciforme, 2-lobnm, lobis bifidis ssepe denticulatis. Frucfui subsphsericus, 
pisi maguitudine. Semina tunica externa camosa, flava, sapida. 

The fruit of this, like that of the preceding species, is eaten by children. 

3. A. latifbliay Thw. ; foUis subintegris, majusculis, glabris, sub- 
coriaceifi, obovatis, obtusis, basi plus minus rotundatis vel subcordatis ; 
spicis femmneo-tomentosis ; hracteis rotundatis, ciliatis ; flob. masc. 
ssepissime oiandris; flob. F(EH. sessilibus; ovario piloso; stigmate 
tripartito, lobis reflexis, apice bifidis ; fhictihus subsphflericis, parum 
conicis, pericarpio valde camoso firmo. — Agyneia latifilia. Moon, Cat. 
p. 66.— c.p. 3433. 

Hab. South of the island, at no great elevation. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 4-8 poll, longa, 3-5 poll, lata, venis primariis utrinque 
circiter 7 ; petiolo i-1 poll, longo. Fructus pollicfures. 

4. A. fusiformis, Thw. ; foliis subinte^is, coriaceis, glabris, obova- 
tis vel rotundatis, breve obtuseque acuminatis vel retusis, basi acutis 
vel rotundatis ; spicis ferrugineo-tomentosis ; hracteis rotundatis, cilia- 
tis ; FLOB. MASC. ssepius diandris ; flob. fosm^ eonfertis / ovario gla- 
bro ; stigmate 2-3-partito, lobis revolutis, apice bifidis ; fiructihus fusi- 
formibus, pericarpio parce camoso.— Xep*(£o5<ac%* grand\fblia. Planch. 
MSS. in Herb. Hook.— c.p. 30. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris. Folia 24-5 poll, longa, 11-3 poll, lata; venis primarUs utrin- 
que circiter 5 ; petiolo 4-} poll, longo. Fructus 6-8 lin. longi, 3-4 lin. lati. 

The very different form of the much less fleshy fruit of the present species abun- 
dantly distinguishes it from J, latifoHa, to which it bears a very great general re- 
semblance. 

5. A. aenminata, Thw. ; foliis glabris, integris, membranaceis, 
ovato- vel oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, basi acutis ; spicis ochraceo- 
pilosis, brevibus, seepius solitariis; fcbm. ssepissime unifloris; ovario 
ovoideo, piloso, 3-loculari; stigriiate mB^yaaomo, 3-partito, lobis apice 
bifidis; frtbctihus subsphsericisi sessilibus, pericarpio valde carnoso, 
firmo.— c.p. 2530. 



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JEuphorblacea.] cetlon plants. 289 

Hab. Ambagamowa District and near Balangodde, at an elevation of 
2000 to 3000 feet. 

Jrbor parva, parce ramosa, partibus junioribus pilosis. Folia 1^-4 poll, longa, 
^2 polL lata, petiolo 2-4 lin. longo. Fructus circiter f poll, in diam. ; viridi-ru- 
fescentes, ssepius S-spermi. Semina tunica externa camosa, flavo-rubra. 

Sect. 4. Antidesme^ ; perianthio v/niseriali ; disco glanduloso maximo 
genitalia cingente, — Sectioni jprcBcedenti valde affints, 

47. ANTTIDBSMA, Linn. Burm. 

1. A. panicnUtnm, Eoxb., Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 764; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. p. 770 ; Tulasne in Ann, des Sci. Nat. (Bot.) s^r. 3, vol. xv. p. 228. — 
A.puhescens, Eoxb. PL Cor. ii. 1. 167 ; Willd. I.e. p. 763 ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. p. 770 (non Tulasne) ; Wight, Ic. tt. 820, 821.—C.P. 773. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Norn. vulg. " Boo- 
ambilla-gass." 

2. A. Bnnins, Spr., Syst. Veg. i. p. 826 ; Wight, Ic. t. 819; Tul. 
l.c. p. 186. — A, Alexiteria, Linn, (partim). A. comptumy Tul. I.e. 
p. 190. A. florihundvm, Tul. l.c. p. 189. Stilago Bunius, Linn. ; B/Oxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. p. 768 ; Eheed. Hort. Mai. iv. t. 56.--C.P. 660 (766). 

Var. ^ ; foliis firmioribus ; iriflorescentia delicatiore et minus pubes- 
cente.— An A. glahrum, Tul. 1. c. p. 188?— c.p. 2922. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Var. ^ ; Caltura. 
Nom. vulg. " Carawilla-cabilla-gass.'* 

3. A. lanceolarium, Wight, Ic. t. 776. — A, lanceolatum, Tul. 1. c. 
p. 195. Stilago lanceolaria, Roxb. 1. c. p. 760. — c.p. 2602. 

Hab. Ambagamowa, Eatnapoora, and Galle Districts, up to an eleva- 
tion of 1500 feet. 

A very variable plant as regards the size and shape of the leaves. I have a small 
form from the Singe Rigah forest, in which the leaves are linear-lanceolate, and some 
of them not more than 2 lines wide, but there is a gradual transition to the ordinary 
form of the plant. 

4. A. Zeylanicum, Lam. Encyc; Bot. i. p. 207; Spr. Syst. Yes. i. 
p. 826 ; Tul. 1. c. p. 209. — A. Alexiteria, Linn, (partim) ; Burm. Tnes. 
Zeyl. p. 22, t. 10. (An A, sylvestri^ Lam. 1. c. ; Spr. 1. c. ; Elieed. 1. c. 
V. t. 26 P)— c.p. 2210. 

Hab. Common in the Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Heen- 
ambilla-gass." 

6. A. montatiiim, Thw. ; arboreum ; ramulis, petiolis, inflorescentia- 
que cinereo-tomenteUis ; foliis integris, subglabns, ovatis vel oblongis, 
obtuse rostrato-acumiiiatis, supeme ad costam canaliculatis, basi acutis : 
racemis paniculatis vel simplicibus, axillaribus terminalibusque ; brac- 
teis brevibus, latis, acutis ; Jlorihus ssepius 5-meris ; calyce cupuliformi, 
lohis brevibus, rotundatis vel parum acutis. — c.p. 2208. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Arbor mediocris, ramosa. FoHa 2-4 poll, longa, f-2 poll, lata, petiolo 2-5 lin. 
longo. Fedicelli calyce subsequilongi. Fl. masc. Filamenta in disco subleevi ovarium 
abortivum mamilleeforme cingente inserta. Fl. rcEif. Fructus subsphaerici, parum 
compressi, pisi magnitudine, purpurei. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, from which it differs in its larger leaves, 
canaliculate above, longer petioles, and pedicellate pentamerous flowers. 

2 P 



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290 BNUMBEATioN OF INepentkocea. 

Euphorbiaceis affines. 

48. DAPHNIPHYLLUM, Blume, BaiU. 

Goughia, Wight. ,Gyrandra, Wall. 

1. D. Neili^herrenBe, Thw. — G&iighia Neilgherrensis, Wight, Ic. tt. 
1878, 1879.-.C.P. 491. 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

49. SABCOCOCCA, Lindl. 

1. 8. pnmiformis, lindl. Bot. Eeg. xii. 1. 1012. — 8. trinervia, Wight, 
Ic. 1. 1877.— C.P. 203. 

Hab. Central Province, very abundant at an elevation of 5000 to 8000 
feet. 

Extremely variable in the shape of the leaves, which differ from nearly orbicnlar 
to narrow-lanceolate acuminated. 

50. PYBEWACANTHA, Hook. 

1. P. ▼olubiUs, Hook. Bot. Misc. ii. p. 108, tt. 9, 10.— c.p. 1024. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 



CXXXV. CALLITEICHACEJE. 

1. CALLITBICHE, Linn. 

1. O. ▼erna, Linn.— C. Wightiana, Wall. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1947.— 
c.p. 303, 3636. 

Hab. Not uncommon in wet places, at Matturatte, Hortoti Plains, 
and other of the more elevated parts of the island. 



CXXXVI. CEEATOPHTLLACE^. 

1. CEBATOPHYLLUM, linn. 

1. O. TerticiUatiim, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 624.— (7. mmicaivm, Cham. 
C tuberculatum, Cham., et C. Missi<mis,\Val[. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1948. — 
— C.P. 2311. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

There can he no douht, I think, that Dr. Wight is corriBct in supposing that the 
three forms, figured by him in plate 1948 of the * Icones,' are merely varieties of 
Roxburgh's plant. 

CXXXVII. KEPENTHACE^. 

1. NEPEWTHES, Linn. 

1. N. distillatoria, linn. (Burm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 42, t. 17, cum syn.) 
—c.p. 262. 



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AristolochiacecBJ] ceylon plaints. 291 

Hab. Very common in the south, of the island, at no great elevation. 
Nom. vulg. ** Bandoora-wel." 

The long tough steins are used for tying fences, and for other purposes, by the 
Cinghalese. 



CXXXVIII. AEISTOLOCHIACE^. 

1. ABISTOLOCHIA, Toum. 

1. A. bracteata, Eetz, (Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 160; Eoxb. Fl. Ind.iii. 
p. 490.)— c.p. 2256. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner, 

2. A. Zndica, Linn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 489. — A, lanceolata, Wight, Ic. 
1. 1858.— c.p. 2258. 

Hab. Very abundant up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Most variable in the size and shape of its leaves ; and these, in some of my spe- 
cimens of what I take to be the present species, seem to make an approach in form 
to those of A. acuminata, Lamk. 

2. BBAGAWTIA, Lour. 

1. B. 'VCraUichU, E. Br. in Wall. Cat. n. 7415; Wight, Ic. t. 520. 
— B. siliquosay Miq. Trimeriza piperina, Lind. in Bot. Eeg. xviii. sub 
tab. 154a.--c.p. 2257, 3457, 3533. 

Hab. Shady woods, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Varies very much in the amount of pubescence ; in the size and shape of its leaves, 
which are sometimes somewhat obovate ; and in the length of the seed-vessel. 

3. TBICHOPODIUM, Lindl., Endl. 

TrichopuSy Gsertn. 

Flores hermaphroditi. Perianthii lobi 6, biseriales, persistentes. 
StamiTia 6, libera, subsessilia, lobis perianthii opposita ; arUherm loculis 
parum distantibus, paraUelis, introrsis ; connectivo in processum lanci- 
formem terminalem anthera longiorem producto. Ovarium 3-loculare ; 
loculis 2-ovulatis ; ovulis pendulis superpositis. Stylus brevissimus. 
Stigmata 3, brevia, apicibus reflexis, bifidis. — Herba glabra^ subacaulis; 
foliis numerosis, petiolatis, forma valde variis; stipulis lanceolatis, 
acutis, persistentihus ; petiolis in medio longitudini^ Jlorigeris ; floribus 
fasciculatis, longiuscule pedicellatis ; bracteis lanceolatis, acutis, 

1. T. Zeylaaictiin, Thw. — T. cordatum, T, intermedium, et T, angus- 
tifolium, Lindl. in Bot. Eeg. xviii. sub tab. 1543. Trichopus Zeylani' 
cusi Grflertner, De Fruct. p. 44, t. 14.~c.p. 467. 

Hab. Common on the sandy margins of streams, at no great eleva- 
tion. Nom. vulg. " Bin-tal." 

Folia triangularia, lanceolata vel lineari-lanceolata, tri- vel tripli-nervia, 2-8 poll, 
longa, petiolo 1-8 poll, longo. Flores circiter 1 liu. longi, nigro-brunnei, lobis peri- 
anthii lanceolatis acutis. FructM 6-7 lin. iongi ; pedicello longo, tenui, apicem versus 
incrassato. 



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292 ENUMEEATiON OF IPiperocecB. 

CXXXIX.- PIPERACE^. 

1. PEBEBOMIA, Euiz and Pav. 

1. P. refleza, A. Dietr. (Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i., pars altera, p. 436, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1923-1.)— c.p. 2462. 

Has. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 
feet. 

2. P. Heyneana, Miq. (Wight, Ic. 1. 1922-1.) — An P. Bindygulensis, 
Miq. Syst. p. 112; Illust. Piper, p. 19, t. 13; Wight, Ic. t. 1921 P— 
c.p. 2966. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central and Southern Provinces. 
Varies greatly in the amoant of pubescence and in the shape and size of the leaves. 

3. P. CoartaUensiB, Miq. in Hook. Lond. Joum. Bot. v. p. 549 ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 1923-2.— An P. portulacoides, A. Dietr. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
1922-2 P An P. Zeylanica, Miq. 1. c. p. 550P---C.P. 2173. 

Var. /3 ; foliis majoribus acutioribusque, ssepius alternis. — c.p. 2172. 
An species distincta P 
Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

2. POTHOMOBPHE, Miq. 

1. P. Bubpeltato, Miq. (Wight, Ic. 1. 1925.)— c.p. 2714. 
Hab. Common in damp shady places, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Mala-laboo.** 

3. CHAVICA, Miq. 

1. O. Rozbur^hii, Miq. Syst. Piper, p. 239 ; Illust. Piper, p. 33. 
t. 30; Wight, Ic. t. 1928.— PtpcT- longum, Linn.— C.P. 2953.* 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not very common ; also in native 
gardens. Nom.vulg. "Tippili." 

2. O. Siriboa, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. vol. i., pars altera, p. 438, cum syn. 
— Piper Siriboa, Linn. — c.p. 3690. 

Hab. Cultivated in native gardens as a masticatory, and considered 
not indigenous. Nom. vulg. " Rata-boolat-wel," " Siribo." 

A species (c.p. 3691), called by the Ciughalese " Seewiya-wel," evidently very 
closely allied to the present, if not, as I suspect, a mere form of it, occurs upon large 
trees and on rocks, near the banks of rivers and streams, in the Central Province; 
but I have not yet been so fortunate as to meet with specimens in flower. The 
leaves are rather firmer in texture and less suddenly acuminated than in the cultivated 
C. Siriboa^ but in other respects are very similar in character to those of the latter. 

3. O. Betle, Miq. 1. c. p. 439, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1926.— Pt>cr 
Betle, Linn.— c.p. 3692. 

Hab. Cultivated very generally, as a masticatory, in native gardens 
in the warmer parts of the island, but not truly wild. Nom. vulg. 
"Boolat-wel." 

4. PIPEB, Linn. 

1. P. ni^mn, Linn. (Miq. Illust. Piper, p. 50, t. 50; Wight, Ic. t. 
1934.)— c.p. 2176. 



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Balanophorea.] cbylon plants. 293 

Hab. Ambagamowa District; also extensively cultiyated in native 
gardens. Nom. vulg. " Gram-mirris-wel." 

2. P. trmenron, Miq. in Hook. Lond. Joum. of Bot. t. p. 555 ; 
Walp. Ann. i. p. 601.— c.p. 2175. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

A very distinct species, characterized by its narrow very coriaceous leaves, closely 
adnate bracts, and somewhat distant flowers. The fruit is slightly oblong, 3 lines in 
diameter. 

3. P. BylveBtre; Lam. (Wight, Ic. t. 1937.) — An P. hyTnenophyllvm, 
Miq. 1. c. p. 554; Wight, Ic. t. 1942P— c.p. 3688. 

Hab. On forest trees, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vnlg. 
** Mala-mirris-wel," " Wal-merris-wel," " Wal-gam-mirris-wel." 

4. P. arffyrophyllvm, Miq. (Illust. Piper, p. 55. t. 56 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 1941.) — An P. Walkeri, Miq. in Hook. Lond. Journ. of Bot. iv. 
p. 436 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. 344 P— C.P. 3625. 

Hab. Central Province. 

Closely allied to the preceding, from which it seems to differ but little, except in 
the texture and colour of the foliage and in its more oblong fruit. 

5. P. arborescens, Eoxb. (Fl. Ind. i. p. 159 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. 
vol. i., pars altera, p. 452 ; Illust. Piper, t. 54 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1940.)— 
P. Lirikii, Miq. 1. c. p. 53, t. 53. An P. Zeylanicum, Miq. in Hook. 
Journ. of Bot. iv. p. 436 P— c.p. 35, 2461. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

6. P. arcnatum^ Blume, Enum. PI. Jav. i. p. 67 ; Miq. Illust. Piper, 
p. 57, t. 48.— c.p. 2177, 2178. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 
Very nearly allied to the preceding, from which it differs principally in its smaller 
leaves, shorter spikes of flowers, and the distinctly peltate bracts of its male flowers. 

CXL. CHLOEANTHACEJE. 

1. CHLOBANTHUS, Sw. 

1. O. brachystachys, Blume, Fl. Jav. p. 13, t. 2 ; Miq. Fl. .Ind. 
Bat. i. p. 801, cum syn. — Ascarina serrata, Bl. Enum. i. p. 80. Sar- 
candra chloranthoides, Gardner in Calc. Joum. of Nat. Hist. vi. p. 
348 ; Walp. Ann. iii. p. 353 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1946.— c.p. 2207. 

Hab. Not uncommon in forests of the Central Province, at an eleva- 
tion of 3000 to 5000 feet. 



CXLI. BALANOPHOEE-^. 

1. BALANOPHOBA, Forst. 

1. B. Zndica, Wall. Cat. 7247 ; Weddell in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. 3, 
vol. xiv. p. 167, t. 9, fig. 11-22 ; Hook, f, in Trans. Linn. Soc. vol. xxii. 
p. 46. — Lanffsdorffia Indica, Am. in Hook. Ic. Plant, tt. 205, 206, et 
m Ann. Nat. Hist. ii. p. 36.— c.p. 200. 

Hab. Forests in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
5000 feet. 



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ENUHEEATION OF lO^fCOdca, 



CXLII. TEIUEIDEiE. 

1. SCIAPHILA, Blume, Endl. 
' t Perianthio %'partito. Staminibut inflore masc. 3. — Jphylleia^ Champion. 

1. 8. secimdiflora; Thw. MS. (Bentham in Hook. Journ. of Bot. 
vii. (1866) p. 10.)— c.p. 2666. 

Hab. Forest of Gattehatte, near Sittawake, at no great elevation. 

Bhizoma repens, radicans. Scapi erecti, 6-14 poll, longi, albido-purpurascentes, 
pauciflori. Bractea latse, acatse. Flores racemosi, monoici. FecUcelli secundi, 
li-2i lin. longi. Perianthii aegmenta longe subulato-acuminata, imberbia> circiter 
\\ lin. longa. Flor. masc. superiores. Anthera late sessiles, transverse oblongee, 
contiguee, albae. Flor. 7(EM. Ovaria parum tuberculata. Stylui ovarium viz super- 
ans, clavato-penicillatus. 

2. 8. erabescens^ Miers in Trans. Linn. Soc. xxi. 48. — Aphylleia 
erubescens, Champion in Calc. Journ. of Nat. Hist. vii. p. 468. — c.p. 
2666. 

Hab. Narawalla, near Galle, Champion. Ponee, near Colombo, Mr. 
W. Ferguson. 

ft Perianthio S-joartito. Staminibtis in flore masc. 4. — Byalismaf Champ. Miers. 

3. 8. janthina, Thw. — Hyalisma janihina, Champion, 1. c. p. 4«66 ; 
Miers, 1. c. p. 49.— c.p. 2664. 

Hab. Damp forests in the south of the island. 

Obs. In all the specimens of the genus Sciaphila which I have examined, the 
number of stamens in the male flower is half that of the lobes of the perianth, to 
each alternate lobe of which a stamen is opposed. 

CXLIII. CTCADEiE. 

1. CYCAS, Linn. 

1. O. circinaliB, Linn. Syst. Nat. ^uoad plant. Malab. et Zeylan. 
(syn. aliis excl.) ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. ii. p. 1077, cum sytf. (non C. cir- 
cinalis, Roxb.). — C. sphcerica, Roxb. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 747 ; 
Todda-Panna, Eheed. Horb. Mai. iii. tt. 13-21.--C.P. 3689. 

Hab. In scrubby hilly ground, up to an elevation of 1600 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Maddoo-gass." 

The flour obtained from the seeds of this species is made into cakes and eaten bj 
the Cinghalese, and is reputed a remedy for some disorders. 



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OrchidaceiB.'] ceylon plants. 

{ 
MONOCOTYLEDONES. 



' CXLIV. OECHIDACE^. 
Sect. 1. MALAXEiE, IdfidL 
Subsect. LiPABiDJE, lAndl, 

1. LIPABIS, Eich. 

1. Ii. atropturpurea, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcli. p. 28.— X. oUvacea, 
Wight, Ic. t. 903 (vix Lindl.). i. Walkeria, Wight, Ic. t. 906 (hand 
Grdi.).— c.p. 3181. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 

2. Ii. l^alkerise, Grah. in Bot. Mag. t. 3770 (hand Wight).— c.P. 
2376. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

Differs from the preceding in its smaller, more nnmerons flowers, and shorter pe- 
dicels ; the labellom of the present plant is also more orbicular in outline and with 
deeper crenatures. 

3. Ii. IWlffhtiana, Thw. — Z. atropurpurea, Wight, Ic. t. 904 (hand 
Lindl.).— c.P. 3179. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

Folia 2-3, ovata, gradatim acuminata, basi cordata, parce obliqua. Scapus 3-12 
poll., pamm angulatus, panciflorus. Bractea acutse, suberectse, pediceUis breviores. 
y lores viridi-purpnrascentes. Sepala oblonga, acuta. PetcUa Unearia, marginibus 
revolutis. ^Lahellum sepalis longius, planum, orbiculare vel suborbiculare, integrum 
vel minute retusum, 4 lin. in diam., basi callo lunato omatum. Columna exalata. 

4. Ii. odorata, Lindl. I.e. p. 26, cum syn. — L, elata, Lindl. I.e. p. 27, 
cum syn.— c.P. 3180, 3375. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 6000 feet. 

An extremely protean plant, varying from 3 to 18 inches or more in height, 
with leaves from 2 to 5 in number, and ovate or sometimes narrow-lanceolate in 
form. The si^e of the flowers also varies, and these are yellow in colour, more or 
less tinged with purple. There cannot be a doubt, I think, of this being the plant 
figured by Rheede in Hort. Mai. vol. xii. t. 28 ; but I have no recollection as to 
whether -fiie flowers are sweet-scented or otherwise. 

5. Ii. barbata, Lindl. I.e. 

Hab.^ Ceylon, Macrae (Hb, Lindl.). 
I know nothing of this plant. 

6. Ii. lon^pes, Lindl. 1. c. p. 30 ; Wall. PI. Asiat. Ear. t. 35 ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 906.— c.P. 3177. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

My specimens have much smaller flowers than those of the plant represented in 
Wallich's figure. The labellum is twice the length of the column, very much re- 
curved, and of a pale green colour. 

7. I«. viridiflora, Lindl. 1. c. p. 31, cum syn. — L. elliptica, Wight, 
Ic. t. 1736.— c.P. 3178. 



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296 ENUMERATION 07 lOrchidoceise. 

Rab, Central Proyince, on rocks and trunks of trees, at an eleyation 
of 3000 to 7000 feet. 
Dr. Wight's figure well represents the present plant. 

8. la. ane^istifoUa, Lindl. 1. c— c.p. 2351. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 5000 feet. 
Folia 2-4 poll, longa, 2-^ lin. lata, mneronata, in petiolmn gradatim angostata. 
Flares minimi. Capsula ovata, li lin. longa. 

9. la. gregmriA, Lindl. 1. c. p. 33, cum syn.— c.p. 2359. 
Hab. Hantani and elsewhere in tlie Central Province. 

Flores sspe mbro-tincti. Labellum basi bicallosum, longitudinaUter canalienla- 
tam, transverse flexuosom, apice sabacntom reflezum. Anthera 6-angnla. 

2. OBEBONIA, Lindl. 

1. O. forcipata, Lindl. FoL Orch. No. 7.— c.p. 2511. 
Hab. Hewahette District, on trees. 

2. O. longibracteata, Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orch. p. 3 ; Fol. Orch. No. 8. 
—c.p. 543. 

Hab. Common in the Hantani and Hewahette Districts. 
Flores pallide rufescentes. labello rufo. 

3. O. truncata, Lindl. Fol. Orch. No. 12. 
Hab. Hantani, Champion (Herb, lAndL), 
I am not acqounted with this species. 

4. O. verticillata, Wight, Ic. t. 1626. 

Var. ^ ; puhescens, Lindl. Fol. Orch. No. 14.— c.p. 2516, 2572. 
Hab. Komegalle District. 

5. O. tenuis^ Lindl. 1. c. No. 16.— c.p. 2654. 
Hab. Hittawaka, on trees : March, 1853. 

6. O. 'Wlg^hliana, Lindl. in Bot. Eeg. 1839, misc. 9 ; Fol. Orch. cum. 
syn. No. 25 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1627.— O. AmoUiana,Wig\A, Ic. 1. 1628.— 
C.P.2506. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 

7. O. Gardneriana, Thw. ; bracteis lanceolatis, acuminatis, integris, 
floribus subsequilongis ; sepalis ovato-triangularibus, subacutis, integris ; 
petalis oblongis, obtusis, denticulatis, parum reflexis. — c.p. 593. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, on trees, Gardner, 

Folia lanceolata, mucronata, 1-3 poll, longa. Spica densiflorse, curvatee, foliis 
longiores. Flores pallide mfescentes. 

Closely allied to the preceding, with which I had coufonnded it ; but the exami- 
nation of recent specimens satisfies me that it is quite distinct. 

8. O. Scylte, Lindl. Fol. Orch. No. 28.— c.p. 3124. 

Hab. Matturatte, at an elevation of 5000 to 6000 feet : April, 1854. 

3. MICBOSTYLIS, Nutt. 

1. M. Rheedii, Lindl. Gen. et S p. O rch. p. 21, cum syn ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 902. — M, versicolor, Lindl. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 901. An M, luteola, 
Wight, Ic. t. 1632 P— c.p. 2375, 2743. 

Hab. Common in shady forests in the Central Province. 

Extremely variable in size and in the intensity of colour of the flowers and foliage. 



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OrckidacetB,'} cbtlon plants. 297 

I cannd; doubt tliat the plant figured in Rheed. Hort. Mai. xii. t. 27 is the present 
species. 

2. M. discolor, Lindl. p. 20 ; Wight, le. t. 1631.'--c.p. 3698. 
Hab. Damp forests in the Central Province. 

This is very closely allied to the preceding, but the leaves are somewhat different 
in shape and more deeply tinged with purple ; and, besides having the labellom eden- 
tnlate, the sepals are relatively a good deal shorter than in M. Rheedii. 

3. M. lancifolia, TLw. ; caespitosa; caw^ brevi;^Zm lanceolatis vel 
lineari-lanceolatis, mucronatis ; scapo elongate, pluri-bracteato j bracteis 
acuminatis, suberectis ; florihus racemosis. — c.p. 2742. 

Hab. On trunks of trees in the Saffragam District. 

Folia 4-6, 1 ^-3^ poU. longa, 2-4 lin. lata. Flores flavidi, quoad structurara iis 
praecedentis simillimi. Lahellum concavum margine dentata, nee reflexa. Capsula 
oblonga, 6-costata, 3 lin. longa, joedicello 2 lin. longo. 

4». M. purpurea, Lindl. 1. c. p. 20. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae {Herb. Lindl), 
I know nothing of this plant. 

4. DIEWIA, Lindl. 

1. D. fMca, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 22.— c.p. 3182. 
Hab. Central Province, Macrae. 

Subsect. Dendbobidjs, LindL 
6. DEWDBOBIUM, Swartz. 

1. D. Maorsei, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 76 ; Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. 
p. 6.— 2>. nodosum, Dalzell in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iv. (1862) p. 292. 
—c.p. 3696. 

Hab. On trees, in the Central Province, not uncommon. 
Flores ssepins bini, aHquando soHtarii vel terni. 

2. D. crmnenatumy Swartz. (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 88.)— -c.p. 



Hab. Common on 'the trunks of Cocoa-nut and other trees in the 
hotter parts of the island. 

3. D. aureum, Lindl. I.e. p. 77 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1646. — D. heterocarpum, 
Wall. D, rhombevm, Lindl. in Bot. B«g. new ser. vol. xvii. t. 17. — 
c.p. 574. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 

4. D. Maccarthise^ Thw. in Bot. Mag. t. 4886.— c.p. 3462. 

Hab. Forest between Ratnapoora and Galle, flowering in May. 
Nom. vulg. " Wissak-mal." 

Caules penduli, flagelliformes, teretes, striati, versus apicem foliosi, l^~2-pedales ; 
nodis parce tumidis ; internodis 1^3 poll, longis. Folia pauca, lanceolata, 2^3 
poll, longa, J-1 poll. lata. Racemi laterales, 4-5-flori. Fedunculi basi bracteati. 
Fedicelli paUidi, 10-12 lin. longi. Flares pallide purpurei. Sepala lanceolata, 2i~3 
poD. lata. Fetala subeeqnilonga, latiora. Labellum subtrilobum vel subtrapezi- 
forme, apice rotundatum, disco atro-purpureo. Columna albida, subquadrata. Men^ 
turn conicum, semiapertum, semipolHcaris. 

6. D. macrostachynm, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 78 ; Wight, Ic. 
1. 1647.— C.P. 3183. 

2q 



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298 ENUMBEATiON OF lOrchidocea, 

Hab. Common in the Central Province and Safiragam District. 

6. D. nutans, Lindl. 1. c. p. 90; Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 17 in adnot. 
— i>. Jerdonianum, Wight, Ic. t. 1644.— c.p. 2357. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 
A variable plant in the shape of the leaves and colour of the flowers, which latter 
ore dark-ochraceous or sometimes nearly white. 

7. D. sansmnolentnm, Lindl. in Bot. Eeg. new ser. vol. xvi. p. 62. 
Hab. Ceylon, Nightingale, 

I am not acquainted with this species. 

8. D. purpurascens, Thw. ; csespitosum ; cawZtSiw brevissimis' ; foliis 
pancis, lineari-lanceolatis, apice angustatis, retusis, mucronatis ; racemis 
foliis subsequilongis, l-S-noris ; lahello sepalis fpetalisque latioribus 
lineari-lanceolatis sequilongo, indiviso, obtuso, versus apicem parum 
dilatato cymbiformique, minute crenulato; mento brevi, rotundato; 
columna sursum incrassata, margine utrinque breve 3-dentata. — c.p. 
2352. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 
Folia 1-4 poll, longa, 2-6 lin. lata, saipe purpurascentia. Flores alhidi, semi- 
poUicares, columna atropurpnrea. Bractea breves, rotundatse. 

9. D. pandnratnm, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 19. — An D, gra- 
minifolitim, Wight, Ic. t. 1649 P— c.p. 2353. 

H&.B. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 
Cesspitosum. Folia lanceolata, 1-1^ poU. longa, Flores albidi, puTpnreo-tincti, 
semipoUicares. 

6. BOLBOPHYLLUM^ Thouars. 

1. B. ele^ana, Gard. MS. ; scapo unifloro ; sepalis lateralihus in 
flaccum oblongum, acuminatum, supeme ad basin apertum cohserentibus, 
dorsali ovato, acuto, libero, duplo longioribus ; petalis parvis, lanceo- 
latis ; lahello valde camoso, 3-lobo, lohis lateralihus brevibus, truncatis, 
erectis, terminali porrecto, lingusBformi, apiculato, fere ad apicem fossu- 
lato.— c.p. 2350. 

Hab. Hantani and Ambagamowa Districts, at an elevation of 3000 to 
5000 feet. 

Rhizoma repens. Psettdobulbi mediocres. Folia solitaria, lineari-lanceolata, 
utrinque gradatim angustata. Flores 1-li poll, longi, viridi-purpurascentes, macu- 
lis purpureis plus minus conspersi, venis purpureis. Labellum flavura, purpureo- 
maculatum. Columna hicomis, flavida. 

2. B. petiolare, Thw. j pseudohulhis parvis, confertis ; foliis solitariis, 
ovatis, retusis, in petiolum longum angustatis \florihus capitatis ; sepalis 
aqualibus, oblongis, acutis, auam petala plus quam duplo longioribus ; 
lahello obscure 3-lobo, late linguffiformi, obtuso, convexo, medio pro- 
funde sulcato reflexoque. — c.p. 3184. 

Hab. Ambagamowa, rare. 

Bractea parvse, rotundatse, acutse. Capitula circiter 4-flora. Flores 8 lin. longi, 
pallide ochracei, venis ruhris. 

3. B. purpuretun, Thw. ; pseudohulhis ovoideis, confertis ; foliis so- 
litariis, spathulato-ovatis, retusis ; ^florihus capitatis ; sepalis quam pe- 
tala duplo longioribus ; lateralihus in unum apice retusum cohserentibus, 



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OrchidaceaJ] cetlon plants. 299 

dorsali hhero; lahello obscure 3-lobo, valde camoso, medio proftmde 
Bulcato reflexoque, apice obtuso. — c.p. 3697. 

Hab. Matolle, rare. 

Bractea minutse. Capitula 6*-8-flora. Mores 1^-2 lin. longi, pallide pmrparei, 
veni8 purpureis. 

7. CIBBHOPETALUM:, Lindl. 

1. O. Macruei, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 59 (baud Wigbt).--a 
Walkerianum, Wigbt, Ic. t. 1657— C.P. 2362. 

Hab. Hantani and Hewabette districts, at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet. 

2. O. irrandiflorum, Wigbt, Ic. t. 1656.— C.P. 3657. 

Hab. Central Province, in the Maturatte and otber districts, at an 
elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

3. O. IVi^liiii, Tbw.— C. Macrm, Wigbt, Ic. t. 1652 (baud Lindl.) 
— C.P. 3160, 2740 (632). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 

Flores albidi vel pallide flavi, plus minus rubro-maculati, vel omniuo pallide virides. 
Sepala lateralia linearia vel lineari-lanceolata, obtusa, dorsali rotuodato, apiculato 
8-4-plo longiora. Petala parva, acuta, minute semilata. Labellum cjurnosum, 
lingusefonne, canaliculatum. 

Very variable in size and in the colour of the flowers : or, possibly, further obser- 
vation may shov that I have confounded two distinct though closely allied species. 

8. PHREATLA., Lindl. 

1. P. elegransy Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 63.— c.p. 3186. 
Hab. Central Province, Macrae. 

9. EBIA, Lindl. 

1. E. bicolor, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 65 (baud in Linn. Soc. 
Proc. iii. p. 58).— c.p. 2982. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet. 
Flores albi, columna labelloqne ad basin plus minus rubro-tinctis. 

2. B. laindleyi, Tbw. — E. hicolor, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. 
p. 58 (baud Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 65). — Dendrohium bicolor, Lindl. 1. c. 
p. 90.— c.p. 2761. 

Hab. Central Province, common up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

3. B. braccata, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 46. — E. reticosa, 
Wigbt, Ic. 1. 1637. E. unijlora, Dalzell in Hook. Journ. of Bot. iv. 
p. 111. — Dendrohium hraccatum, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 75. — c.p. 
2356. 

Hab. Central Province, not uncommon. 

4. B. mnscicola, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 47. — An Dendro- 
hium muscicola, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 75 P — c.p. 2355. 

BEab. Trunks of trees in tbe Central Province, at an eleva.tion of 4000 
to 7000 feet. 
Tolia acuta. Fedunculi 2-5-flori. Labellum acuminatum. 

5. B. Telutina, Tbw. ; moUiter pubescens ; rhizomate repente ; can- 



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300 BNUMEBATION OF [OrckicUicea. 

libus brevibxis, adscendentibus, 6-7-folii8 ; foUis anguste lanceolatis, 
coriaceis, subacutis ; pedunculis tenninalibus, solitariis vel 2-ni8, panci- 
floria, folio longioribus ; sepalis obtusis, lateralihus valde obliquis, dor- 
sali lineari-lanceolato, cum petalis confonjai : lahello subcamoso, lin- 
guffiformi, recurvato, parum concavo, lohis lateralihus parvis, terminali 
rotundato, incrassato, papilloso. — c.p. 2349. 

Hab. Dolosbage, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

Folia 2-4 poU. longa. Bractea 3-4 lin. longse. Floret parvi, flavi, siccitate 
rofescentes. Columna brevis, simplex. Capsula 6-costata. 

10. ALWISIA, Lindl. Fol. Orchid. 

1. A. tenuis, Lindl. 1. c. — Eria articulata, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. 
iii. p. 47.— c.p. 2665. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation. 

Sect. 2. Epidendbe^, Lindl, 
Subsect. C(EL0GYN1D-K, Lindl, 

11. CCESLOGYNE, Lindl. 

1. O. breviscapa, Lindl. Fol. Orch. No. 9. — C, angustifolia, Wight, 
Ic. t. 1641 (hand A. Eich.).— c.p. 3121. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the more elevated parts of the Central Pro- 
vince. 

2. O. odoratisBima, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 41 ; Fol. Orch. No. 
10 ; Wight, Ic. t. 1640.~c.p. 518 (666, 667). 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other elevated parts of the Central Province. 

12. PHOLIDOTA, Lindl. 

1. P. imbricata, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 36 ; Wight, Ic. t. 907. 
—c.p. 3187. 

Hab. Very common on the trunks of trees, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

Subsect. BLETiDiE, Lindl, 

13. PHAIUS, Lour. 

1. P. bicolor, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 128 ; Wight, Ic. tt. 1669, 
1660.— c.p. 2368. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 
Flores 3-4 poll, in exp. Sepala petalisqne flava, plus minus rubro-tincta. 

2. P. luiidua, Thw. ; caulescens, foliis lanceolatis, acutis, glabris ; 
sepalis cum petalis parum angustioribus lanceolatis, acutis ; lahello 
cueullato, rotundato, obscure trilobo, undulato, supeme sparsim piloso 
et lineis duabus contiguis elevatis antice rugulosis omato, subtus Isevi, 
medio sulcato ; . calcare brevissimo ; columna antice parum dilatata, 
parce pilosa, apice denticulata ; anthera pilosa. — c.p. 613. 

Hab. Rakwane, in the Saffragam District. 



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Oro^dacem*'\ cbtlov pxjlkts. 301 

Terrestris. Caulii simplex, bipedaUs. Scapi (in meis spedm.) 2, foliit 8eq[iii- 
longi, pluriflori. Bractea oblongse, acuts. Flore8 2 polL in exp. Sepala petalaqoa 
flayo-viridi-rufescentia. Labellum flayum, ntrinque macula rubra irregulari-notatum. 

14 ABUNDIWA, Blume. 

1. A. minor, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 125. — c.p. 485. 
Hab. Not very uncommon amongst grass in swampy places in the 
Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

15. IPSBA, Lindl. 

1. X. speciosa, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 124 (Wight, Ic. t. 1663). 
c.p. 2364. 

Hab. Not uncommon amongst long grass on exposed hillsides, at an 
elevation of 4000 to 5000 feet. 

16. APATTTBIA, Lindl. 

1. A. montaaa, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 131. — c.p. 3189. 

Han. Ambagamowa District, rare. 

Scajms bipedalis, straminens, plus minus porpureo-tinctus, basi squamis brevibus 
tectus. Bractea lineari-lanceokts, acutse, reflexse. Flores straminei, exteme basi 
apiceque purpurei. 

17. ANIA, Lindl. 

1. A. bicomUi,^ Lindl. in Bot. Beg. xv. new ser. misc. p. 37. — A. lati- 
folia, Wight, Ic. t. 914 (hand Lindl.) ; *' folio oblongo-Ianceolato, car- 
noso, scapo breviore; lahelli lobo medio emarginato, apiculato, basi 
lamellato, lamella tertia versus apicem interjecta; anthera bicomi," 
Lindl. 1. c— c.p. 3190. 

Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3(XX) feet. 
Tota planta plus minus purporeo-tincta. Sepala petalaqae pallide flavo-viridia, 
pnrpurascentia. 

2. A. macnlata, Thw. ;Jblio lanceolate, delicatule venuloso, longius- 
cule petiolato ; 8capo subsequilongo ; sepalispetalisque subconformibus, 
lanceolatis, acutis ; labello 3-lobo, disco trilamellato, lobis lateralibus 
parum brevioribus, erectis, obtusis, intermedio rotundato, subacuto, 
concave ; calcare brevi, cylindrico, truncate. — c.p. 3515. 

Hab. a single specimen coliected at Hapootelle, at an elevation of 
5000 feet. 

Glabra. Fsetidobulbus conicus. Scopus bipedalis. Bractea anguste lanceolatse, 
acutsB, flore breviores. Sepala petalaqne palUde viridia, hsec seriebos linearibos 6, 
ilia 4 maculamm purpurearum longitudinaliter notata. labellum album, interne 
versus basin purpureo-maculatnm. Columna flava. 

Sect. 3. Vande^, LindL 
Subsect. Sabcanthidje, Idndl. 

18. EULOPHLA., E. Br. 

1. E. macroBtachys, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 183 (Wight, Ic. tt. 
1667, 1668).— C.P. 3188. 



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302 SNXTMSEATioir OF lOrchidoeea, 

Has, Not uncoininon in the Central Proyince, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

2. B. Tirenii, E. Br. (Lindl. 1. c. p. 182, cnm syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 913.) 
— c.p. 2369. 

Hab. Central Province, not very common. 

3. E. g^andiflora, Lindl. 1. c. p. 181. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Serb, Xindl.J. 

I have not met with this species, nor is there a specimen of it in this herbariom. 

4. E. expla&ata, Lindl. 1. c. p. ISO. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Herb, Lindl,), 
I am not acqoaiuted with this species. 

19. CinaTOPEBA, Lmdl. 

1. C. mfa, Thw. ; rhizomate tuberoso ; sca^o squamis distantibns 
circiter 3 vacinato ; bracteis anguste lanceolatis, ovario fiequilongis ; se- 
palis sequalibns, oblongo-lanceolatis, acutis, quam petala obovato acuta 
parum longioribus ; labello cucullato, 3-lobo, interne venis pilosis, lobis 
lateralibus obtusis, intermedio rotundato, apiculato sequilongis ; calcare 
brevi, obtuso ; columna lineari, ad medium parum contracta. — c.p. 3566. 

Hab. Hantani, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Scajms bipedalis, mfescens. Ffores mfi, 2 poll, in exp. Captula oblonga, obtuse 
sezangola, 2^ poll, longa, 1 poll, in diam. Folia nondam vidi. 

2. C. Gardneri, Thw. ; acaulis ; rhizomate tuberoso ; foliis anguste 
lanceolatis, plicatis ; scapo foliis sequilongo, 6-12-floro ; sepalis SBqua- 
libus, lanceolatis, acutis, quam petala oblonga longioribus; labello 
parum saccato, 3-lobo, disco lineis pluribus elevatis omato, lobis latera- 
\ibu8 latis, brevibus, rotundatis, erectis, intermedio reflexo, ovato, un- 
dulato, obtuso. — C. laadflora, Gardn. MSS. — c.p. 2370. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Scapus bipedalis, rufescens. Braciea anguste lanceolatse, acutse, ovario breviores. 
Sepala poUicaria, pallide viridia, plos minus mfescentia. Petala albida. Labellum 
albidnm vel pallide flavum, disco rubro-tincto. 

20. LUISLA., Gaud. 

1. la. tennifoliay Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. i. p. 64 ; Lindl. 
Fol. Orchid. No. 3, cum syn. — Cymbidium tenuifolium, Lindl. Gen. et 
Sp. Orch. p. 167.— An Wight, Ic! t. 1689 P— c.p. 3530. 

Hab. On trees in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

Flores albidi, sepalis jpetalisque pallide purpurascentibns. Labelli lobi laterales 
parvi, interne pnrpurei; intermedius oblongus, disco convexo marginibnsqne atro- 
purpureis, postice Isevis, antice convezus, 4-8ulcatus, apice flavidus, planus, truncatus, 
breve bilobus. 

2. la. ZeyUnlca, Lindl. Fol. Orch. No. 7.— c.p. 2347. 
Hab. Common on trees in the Central Province. 

3. la. bicaudata, Thw. ; caulescens ;^/eV«membranaceis, lineari-lan- 
ceolatis, acutis, parum falcatis, apice breve bifidis, parce obliquis ; ra- 
cemis oppositifoliis, folio longionbus ; sepalis ovatis, acutis, aorso ad 
apioem aiato-carinatis ; petalis parum angustioribus, ecarinatiB ; labello 



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Orchidacea.l oxtlon plants. 303 

infiato-cymbifonni, apice abmpte angnstato, longe subulato-bifido.— 
c.p. 3494. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Saffragaxn Districts. 

Folia 3-4 poll, longa, f polL lata. Flores i poll, in eip., flavi, labello interne 
postice late carinato, antice yersua marginem radiatim mbro-lineato. 

21. COTTOWIA, Wight, Ic. 1. 1755. 

1. O. pediu&cularis. — C. macrostachya, Wight, 1. o. — Vanda pedmu 
ctilaris, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 216.— c.p. 2361. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the Central Province. 

Sepata pelalaqae refleza, fusca, venis marginibosqae flavis. Labellum atro-pur- 
puream, margine pilosala fossulaque flavis, lobis lateralibus parvis adnatis auricola- 
tum, oblongum, convexum, medio constrictum, prope basin rigide pilosum et tuber- 
culo parvo stipitato piloso munitum, a medio versus apieem abrupte fossulatum. 
Columna erecta, apice tnloba, lobis lateralibus minoribos gibbis, delicatule muricatis. 

22. VANDA, E. Br. 

1. V. Roxbvr^lui, E. Br. in Bot. Eeg. t. 506 ; Bot. Mag. t. 2245 ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 916.— c.p. 2346. 

Hab. Hot, drier northern parts of the island. 

2. V. spathalata, Spreng. (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 216 ; Fol. 
Orchid. ; Wight, Ic. t. 915.)— c.p. 2345. 

23. ACAMPE, Lindl. Fol. OrcHd. 

1. A. IVi^l&tiana, Lindl. 1. c. — Vanda Wightiana?, Wight, Ic. t. 
1670. V.fasciata, Gardn. MSS.— c.p. 2342. 

Var. /3 ; foliis latioribus ; pedunculis elongatis, ramosis.— c.p. 3392. 
— An species distincta P 

Hab. Jaffna, Ga/rd/ner, Hantani. — ^Var. ^. Ambagamowa and Hu- 
nasgiria Districts. 

Sepaia petalis\^e flava, interne transverse robro -striata. Labelli lamina triangu- 
lari^vata, parce transverse rubro-striata, conveza, subcarinata, basi tuberculata, (in 
meis specim.) edentata. 

I suspect tbat var. jS will prove to be a distinct species, but until I have an oppor- 
tunity of examiiung fresh specimens of it I cannot determine satisfactorily. 

2. A. con^esta, Lindl. 1. c. — Vanda congesta, Lindl. in Bot. Eeg. 
1839, Misc. n. 39. 

Hab. Ceylon, Loddiges, 

I know nothing of this species except from Dr. lindley's description. 

24. SACCOLABIUM, Blume. 

1. S. gruttotum, Lindl. Gren, et Sp. Orch. p. 220, enm syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. tt. 1745, 1746.— c.p. 2344. 

Hab. Hot, dry, northern parts of the island, on trees. 

2. S. currifolinm, Lindl. 1. c. p. 222. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Serb, LindL), 

With this species I am not acquainted, and there is neither specimen nor drawing 
of it in this collection. 



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804 BKUMBBATiOK OF lOrchidocea. 

3. S. Uneolatom, Thw. ; canlesoens ; foliis linearibas, canaliculatis, 
oblique retusis ; racemis ramosis, multifloris ; sepalis petcUisque pantm 
minoribos oblongis, obtusis ; lahelU lamina sagittato-triloba, loois la- 
teralibus acutis recurvis, intermedio majore, ovato, obtuso ; calcare cy- 
lindrico. — c.p. 2741. 

Hab. On trees in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

Folia 6-8 poll, longa, f poll. lata. Sepala petalaqnt circiter 3 lin. longa, flavfl, 
interne delicatnle transverse rubro-striata. LabeUi lamina alba, sparsissime rabro- 
macolata. Calcar flavmn. Capaula cylindrica, 2 poll, longa, 3 lin. lata. 

4. S. nireum, Lindl. 1. c. p. 224.— c.p. 2340. 

Hab. Central Province, not nnoommon, at an elevation of 3!bOO to 
4000 feet. 

Labelli lamina camosa, concava, obtusa. Follinia aurantiaca. Capsula 2 lin. 
longa. 

5. S. aetuninatumi Thw. ; caulescens ; foliis camosnlis, lanceolatis, 
acmninatiBsimis ; racemis lateralibns, brevibus ; sepalis petalisi^xie pa- 
rum minoribua obovatis, obtusis; labelli calcare cylindrico, interne 
dente dorsali parvo bifido, lamina eequilonga, triloba, lobis lateralibus 
obtusis, intermedio ovato, concavo, obscure retuso.— c.p. 3376. 

Hab. Safiragam District, at no great elevation. 

Folia 4-5 poll, longa, 3 lin. lata. Saeem bipollicares. Florei 3 lin. in exp. 
Sepala petalaqae pallide yiridia, Mvo-marginata. Labellum albidum, lobis laterali- 
bus mbris. Capnda refleza, 8 lin. longa. 

The dorsal tooth within the labellmn of this species indicates an approach to 
Cleisostoma. 

6. S. sraeUe, Lindl. I.e. p. 225.-K3.P. 2528. 

Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet 

7. S. rosmun, LindL 1. o. — Sareanthus Walkeriarms, Wight, Ic. t. 
1686. —c.p. 489. 

Hab. Common upon trees in the Central Province, up to an elevation 
of 4000 feet. 

8. S. brerifdliiim, Lindl. L c. ; Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 36. — 8. vires- 
cens, C^ardn. MSS.— c.p. 488, 2341. 

Hab. Common in forests in the Central Province. The variety with 
deep red flowers and more coriaceous leaves occurs at an elevation of 
6000 to 8000 feet. 

25. SCHCENOBCHIS, Blume. 

1. S. jnneifolia^ Blume ; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 243. — Sarcan- 
thus fil^ormis, Wight, Ic. t. 1684. 8, roseus, Wight, Ic. t. 1685.— c.p. 
633. 

Hab. Trees in forests in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
4000 to 6000 feet. 

This would seem to be scarcely generically distinct from Saccolabium, 

26. CLEISOSTOMA, Blume. 

1. C. maeiOoM, LindL Gen. et Sp. Oroh. p. 227.— c.p. 3193. 
Hab. Central Province, not common. 



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Orchidacea,^ cbylon "plants. 305 

Folia subtns prsscipae versos basin, com pedunculis eaj)suliif{Vie, creberrime pur- 
pnreo-maculata. Flores flavidi, plus minus rubro-iincti. 

2. O. acanlisy Lindl. 1. c. — Vanda fimhriata, Gardn. MSS.— c.p. 
3191. 

Hab. Hantani, on trees, rare, Gard/ner. 

Labellum saccatam, trilobiim, lobis lateralibus brevibos, carnosis, erectis, parum 
acatis, antice convergentibus, terminali omnino externo, subtriaDgulari, fimbriato, 
reflezo.. 

3. C.g^aleata. — Saccolalium galeatum, Gardn. MSS. — Caulescens, 
foliis coriaceis, linearibus, obliquis, obtusis, emarcinatis ; floribus race- 
mosis vel subpaniculatis, ad apicem peduncuU folio subsequilongi con- 
fertis; sepalis jpetalisque conformibus, obovato-spathulatis, obtusis; 
lahelli saccati lobis lateralibus brevibus, truncatis, camosis, terminali 
parvo, oyatOy retuso, parce papilloso ; dente dorsali triangulari, apice 
emarginato. — c.p. 2343. 

Hab. Not uncommon on trees in the Central Province. 
FoHa 6 poll, longa, | poll. lata. Flores drciter 4 lin. in ezp., flavi, rubro-maea- 
^latl Capsula 1 polL longse, 2 lin. latse. 

27. TjamOPHYLLUM, Blume. 

1. T. Alwlsiiy lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. p. 42.— c.p. 3195. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. A single specmien detected upon tbe 
branch of a Symplocos, by Mr. H. De Alwis, the draftsman of the Pe- 
radenia Garden. 

Minntum, acanle, aphylluin. Bodices virides, carnosse, repentes, complanatse. 
Scapus erectos, i poll, longus. Bractea carinats. Flores spicati, pauci, minutis- 
simi, pailide virides. Sepala petalaque conformia, cnm labello in perianthinm acute 
6-dentatum connata. Labellum saccatam, lamina cymbiformi, marginibos liberis. 
Columna brevis. FoUinia 4, pyriformia, in glandulam sessilia. Anthera qoadrata, 
sabqoadiilocnlaris. 

28. OCTABRHENA, Thw. (gen. nov.) 

Sepala seqoalia, libera. Fetala multo minora. Labellum petalis 
subconforme, parum cymbiforme. Columna brevissima, subhemispha- 
rica. Stigma transverse oblongum. FoUinia 8 (4-4) libera, sphserica ; 
eaudicula lineari, medio biftirca ; glandula parva, rotundata. 

Herba parva, epiphyta, caulescens, csBspitosa; foliis distichis, subcylindricis, 
acatis ; racemis axillaribos, paacifloris ; flonbus minutia, pailide viridibos. 

1. O. panmla, Thw.— C.P. 3072. 

Hab. Central Province, on forest trees, at an elevation of 3000 to 
4000 feet. 

29. AEBIDES, Lour. 

1. A. mriiflitia&iim, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 238 ; Linn. Soc. 
Proc. iii. p. 40, cum syn ; Bot. Mag. t. 5138. — A. testaceum, Lindl. 
Qen. et Sp. Orch. p. 238. Vanda paYviJlora, Lindl. ; Wight. Ic. t. 
1669.— c.p. 752. 

Hab. Not uncommon upon trees, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. A. tMMUatnm, Wight, (Lindl. I.e. p. 240 P)— c.p. 3378. 



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306 BNUMBBSkTiON OF lOrckidoceiB, 

Hab. Hnnasgina District ; Mr. JJ. De Alms, 

Sepala pollicaria, lateralia obovata, dorsale petalai\nB confonnia angastiora, omnia 
pallide fosco-viridia, interne lubro-lineata maculataque. Labelli albidi calcar coni- 
cum ; laminse lobi laterales erecti, acuti ; terminalis major, ovatus, retusus, flaTO- 
tinctus, lineis rubris circiter 8 longitudinaliter iiotatus. 

The above description is taken from a carefully executed drawing in this library : I 
have not seen the plant in a fresh state, nor are there specimens of it in the herba- 
rium. 

3. A. cylindriciim, Lindl-. l.c. (Wight, Ic. 1. 1744.)— c. P. 2348. 

Hab. On trees, not uncommon up to an eleyation of 3000 feet. 

Flores albidi. Labelli lobi laterales interne longitudinaliter delicatule purpureo- 
striati, intermedins disco luteiis, 4-sulcatus, apice purpureo-maculatus. 

30. DENDBOCOLLA, Blume. 

1. D. semeformUiy Lindl. MSS. lAparis serrcefbrmis, lindl. 1. c. 33. 
— c.p. 3209. 

Hab. Ambagamowa and Safiragam Districts, rare. 

Sepala petalaqne lanceolata, acuta, haec angustiora. Columna brevis, gibba. Fol-^ 
linia 4, 2 iuteriora multo minora. Antkera rotundata. 

31. (ECBOCLADBS, Lindl. 

1. CS. tenera, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 236 (Wight, Ic t. 1683). 

— c.p. 2983. 

Hab. Central Province, on trees, at an elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet 

Sepala petalaqne flava vel pallide viridia, ssepe venis rubris. Labelli laminae lobi 

laterales truncati, parum rotundati crenulatique, petalis concolores, intermedins albus, 

calcar breve, cylindricum, dente intemo dorsali truncate pamm emarginato dausom. 

32. DIPLOCENTBUM, Lindl. , 

1. D. reenrmm, Lindl. (Jen. et Sp. Orch. p. 218 ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1680. 
—An D. longifolium, Wight, Ic. t. 1681.--C.P. 3192. 
Hab. Central Province, Gardner, 

33. ANGILSSCUir, Thouars. 

1. A. seylanicum, Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Froo. vol. iii. p. 40— <;.P. 

93. 

Hab. Narawelle, near Guile, Champion, 

34. APPKBTDICULA, Blume. 

1. A. loni^ifolia, Blume, Bijdr. p. 304; lindl. Gren. et 8p. Orch. 
p. 230 P— c.p. 3208. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, rare. 

Folia 3-5 poll, longa, i poll, lata, retusa, mucronata. 

Tbe present agrees very well with Blume's description, but in my spedmens tbe 
flowers are not in a sufficiently perfect state for analysis. 

35. FODOCHILTJS, Blume. 
1. V. Meatiifli Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Oreh. p. 234.— o.p. 2527. 



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Orchidacea.'] cetlon plants. SOT 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 to 
6000 feet. 

2. P. ■axatilUi, Lindl. I.e. p. 235.— c.p. 3194. 
Kab. Hantani and Ambagamowa Districts. 

36. CYLINDROCHILUS, Thw. (gen. nov.) 

Sepala petalaqne subconformia, patentia. Lahellum cylindrico-cucul- 
latum, brevi-saccatum, erectum, column® basi producta articulatum, 
3-lobum, lobis lateralibus oblongis, obliquis, intermedio brevissimo, 
truncato, Columna brevis, antice excavata. JPoliinia 2, bipartibiiia, 
rotundata, corapressa, medio caudiculse latsD brevis affixa; glandula 
parva, rotundata. Anthera rotundata, bilocularis. — Herba epiphyta, 
caulescens, foliis coriaceis, lineari-ohlongisj oblique retusts; pedunculis 
lateralibus ; fLorih\ia paticis, capitatis ; capsulis longiusculis, cylindricis. 

1. C. pulchellus, Thw.— c.p. 2354. 

Hab. Central Province and at Komegalle, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet. 

Fhres albi, 7 lin. in exp. Labellum interne capitellato-pilosum, exteme ad api- 
cem maculis panels fulvis cingulatam. Capsula 2^ poll, longse, 1^ lin. latse, 6-cos^ 
tatse. 

37. JOSBPHIA, Wight. 

1. J. lanceolata, Wight, Tc. t. 1742. — Folystachya ramosa, Gardn. 
MSS.— c.p. 2358. 
Hab. Very abundant on trees in the Central Province. 



Subsect. Cbtptochilid-E, Lindl. 

38. ACANTHOPHIPPIUM, Blume. 

1. A. bieolor, Lindl. in Bot. Reg. xx. 1. 1730.— c.p. 2365. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

Fseudobuibi ovati. Folia sBepius 3, 9-18 poll, longa, 2^-41 poll, lata, utrinque 
acata. Scaptis brevis, 2-7-florns. Bractea ovato-lanceolatse, pollicares. Flores 
sesquipollicares, flavi, ad apieem plus minus rubro-tincti maculatique. Sepalorum 
apices liberi obtusi, refleii. PetcUa angnstiora. Lahelli lobi laterales rotundati, in- 
curvi ; intermedins lingnaeformis, camosus, obtusus, deflexns ; discus 3-lamellatus ; 
lamellis exterioribus tnberculatis, intermedia tenni, utrinque mucronata. 

Subsect. Beassidje, lAndh 

39. CYMBIDIUM, Swartz. 

1. C. ensifolium, Swartz ; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 162, cum syn. 
— C. hcematodeSi Lindl. 1. c. — c.p. 3694. 

Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province. 

The shape of the labellum of the Ceylon plant is so precisely similar to that of the 
variety of C. eruifolium figured in Bot. Reg. t. 1976, that I cannot doubt the plants 
being identical in species. 



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308 BKUMBBATIOK OF lOrchidoeea. 

2. C. bicolor, Lindl. l.c. cmn syn.— o.p. 8879. 

Hab. Common on trees, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

3. O. aloifoUnm, Swartz, (Lindl. Lc. cum syn. ; Wight; lo. tt. 1687, 
1688).— c.p. 764. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner, 

Subsect. Maxillabid^, IdndL 

40. POLYSTACHYA Hook. 

1. P. luteoU, Hook. Exot. Fl. 1. 103 ; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 73, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 1. 1678.— c.p. 2360. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the wanner parts of the island, on trees. 

Subsect. Calakthid^, LtndL 

41. CALANTHB, E. Br. 

1. C. reratrifoUa, E. Br. (LindT. Fol. Orchid, cum syn.)— c.p. 2367. 
Var. ^. discolor, — c.p. 2371. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province. Yar. 0. At an eleva- 
tion of 6000 to 7000 feet. 

• 2. O. Masuea, Lindl. Gren. et Sp. Orch. p. 249, cum syn ; Fol. 
Orchid, cum syn. — C purpurea, Lindl. I.e. C, emarginata, Wight, 
Ic. t. 918.— c.p. 2366. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 feet. 

Folia ntrinqae molliter pubescentia. Bractea limceoiaia yd oyato-knceolatae. 
Labelli discos tubercnlatos ; lobi laterales oblongi, obliqoi ; calcar pedioeUo nqni- 
longum. 

42. GEODOBUM, Jacks. 

1. a. dilatatom, E. Br. (Lindl. (Jen. et Sp. Orch. p. 176 ; Fol. Orchid, 
cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 912.)— c.p. 3196. 

Hab. Central Province, amongst grass in shady places. 

2. a. faeatum, Lindl. in Bot. Eeg. t. 1687 ; Fol. Orch. 
Hab. Ceylon, WalJcer (Rerh. Lindl.). 

I have never met with this species, nor is there a specimen or drawing of it in this 
collection. 

Sect. 4. OPHBEiE, Lindl, 
Subsect. SATTBiADiB, Lindl, 

43. SATYRIUM, Swartz. 

1. S. Nepalense, D. Don (Lindl. in Linn. Soc. Proc. iii. P. 44, cum 
syn. seq. ; Wight, Ic. t. 929). — 8, Perottetianum, A. Eich. ; "Wight, Ic. 
1. 1716. 8. alhijlorum, A. Eich. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1717. 8, pallidum^ 
A. Eich.— C.P. 227 (622). 

Hab. Abundant about Newera EUia. 



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Orchidacea.^ cbtlok vljlsts, 309 

Subsect. GYHNADBNIDiB, ZtudL 

44. ATE, Lindl. 

1. A. Tirens, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 327 ; Wight, Ic. t. 928.— 
O.P. 3200. 

Hab. Matnratte District, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Fetala oblata, obliqna, laciniis sequalibus. 

2. A. acmninata, Thw. ; foliis anguste lanceolatis hract^isme rotiin- 
dato-oyatis, setaceo-acnminatis ; petalis linearibus, obliquis lacinia an- 
teriore longiore, anguste lineari ; labello trifido, lobis linearibos, obtusis, 
lateralibus divergentibus, longioribus ; calcare clayato, obtuso, ovario 
fere ssqnilongo. — c.p. 614. 

Hab. Eambodde and above GtJagama, at an elevation of 4000 to 
5000 feet. 

Caulis l-S-pedalis, sparse foliosns. Folia 2-4 poll, longa. Flores secnncli. Sepala 
totaad&tsL petidaqixe pallide viridia. Labellum glabmm, folTam. 

This bears a considerable general resemblance to ffabenaria Hejfneana, Lindl., 
bat is totally distinct from it. 

45. HABENABIA, Willd. 

1. H. macrostacliya, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 307.— <;.P. 3197. 
Hab. Hantani, Gardner, 

Sepala longiuscnle acuminata. Fetala fere ad basin divaricato-bifida. 

2. H. dichopetala, Thw.;^^moyatisyeloyato-lanceolatis, acutis ; sc' 
pedis lateralihu8 oyatis, acutis, (^«a^»rotundato, concayo; joeto^t^'bipar- 
t^tis, sinu lato, laciniis elongatis, setaceis, anteriore angustiore, parum 
longiore; lahelh tripartito, laciniis elongatis, setaceis, ssqualibus; calcare 
cylmdrico, parum clayato, subacuto, ovario aijquilongo.— c.p. 3564. 

Hab. Bintenne District, at no great elevation. 

Caulis bipedalis, medio foliosos, dimidio inferiore sqnamatns. Spica pauciflora. 
Sepala circiter 3 liu. longa. 

3. H. dolichostacliya, Thw.; foliis ovatis, gradatim acuminatis, 
acutis, basi rotundatis ; spica elongata ; bracteis ovato-acuminatis, flori- 
bus sequilongis ; sepalis lateralibus ovato-lanceolatis, acutis, dorsali 
parum oreviore, rotimdato, mucronato ; petalis subsequilongis, falcatis, 
oifidis, lacinia anteriore nana ; lahello tripartito, laciniis linearibus an- 
gustissimis, lateralibus divergentibus, petalis sequilongis, intermedia 
parum longiore. — c.p. 3199. 

Hab. Bimbodde, Oard/ner, 

Caulis 3-pedali8» medio foliosas, dimidio inferiore sqnamatus. Folia 2-3-poll. 
longa, anperiora minora. Spica pedalis, laxiflora. Sepala circiter^S lin. longa. 

4. H. virfdiflora, R. Br. (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 319 ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 1705.)— c.p. 2372. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 
7000 feet. 

5. H. pteroearpa, Thw. ; foliis lanceolatis ; Jlorihus majusculis ; sC' 
palis lateralibus deflexis, obUque lanceolatis, acutis, dorsah parum bre- 
viore, rotundato, subacuto, petala squilonga, falcato-linearia, obtusa 



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310 ENUMEBATloif OF [Orchidoceo, 

includente ; lahello sepalis duplo longiore, tripartito, lobis linearibns, 
lateralihus acutis, paruin longioiibus, recums; cakare cylindrico, 
parum clavato, obtuso, quam ovarium 6-alatum fere triplo longiore.— 
c.p. 3201. 

Hab. Eambodde, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Caulis sesquipedalis, foliosus, foliis 2-6 poll, longis, superioribus gradatim mino- 
ribus. Flores albidi, calcare %\ poll, longo, pallide viridi. 

6. H. latifolia, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 321. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Herh. Lindl.). 

1 have not met with this species, nor are there specimens of it in this herbariam. 

7. H. pUatagineay Lindl. 1. c. p. 323, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1710. 
— C.P. 2374. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hot drier parts of the island. 

8. H. crinifera, Lindl. 1. c. ; Wight, Ic. t. 926.— c.p. 207. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

46. PLATANTHEBA, Eich. 

1. P. cubitalis, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 292 P — Hahenaria cuhi- 
talis, E. Br. Prod. Orchis cubitali^, Linn. ; WiUd. iv. p. 17 ; Fl. Zeyl. 
n. 320.— c.p. 3202. 

Hab. Pasdun Corle, at no great elevation. 

Petala ovato-oblonga, obtusa. 

There can be little doubt, I think, of this being the Orchis cubitalis, Linn., with 
the description of which in * Flora Zeylanica * it agrees very well ; but Lindley*8 plant 
would appear to be probably different, since he describes the petals as subulate. 

2. P. rhynchocarpa, Thw. ; catde dimidio inferiore, folioso ; foliis 
lanceolatis ; spica brevi, compacta ; hracteis lanceolatis, acutissimis, 
ovario subaBquilongis ; sepalis lateralibtis ovatis, subacutis, deflexis, 
dorsali parum breviore, rotundato, cucuUato, petala lineari-spathulata, 
acuta, subsBquUonga includente ; lahello sepalis lateralibus aequilongo, 
a medio tripartito, laciniis lineari-lanceolatis, acutis, lateralibus parum 
brevioribus ; calcare cylindrico, obtuso, porrecto, quam ovarium lon- 
giuscule rostratum dimidio longiore. — c.p. 3058. 

Hab. Above Galagama, at an elevation of 4000 feet. 
Caulis 1-2-pedalis. Folia 2-6 poll, longa, Flores albi, sepalis 3-4 lin. longis, 
calcare 13 lin. longo, apice viridi. 

47. PERISTYLUS, Blume. 

1. P. g^oodyeroides, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 299. 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker (Herb, Hook. J, . 

2. P. plaata^meas, Lindl. 1. c. p. 3000; Wight, Ic. t. 921. 
Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Serb. Lindl.) . 

3. P. spiralis, Wight, Ic. t. 1696.— P. Lawii, Wight, Ic. t. 1695.— 
C.P. 226 (523). 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

4. P. aristatus, Lindl. 1. c. p. 300.— P. exilis, Wight, Ic. t. 1698. 
P. rohustior, Wight, Ic. 1. 1699.— c.p. 3081, 2373. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province, common. 



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Orchidacea.'} cbtlon plants. 311 

5. P. brerUobtis, Thw. ; caule gracili, dimidio inferiore distanter 
folioBO ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, acutis ; spica brevi, densiflora ; brae- 
teis ovato-lanceolatis, acutis, ovario subsequilongis ; sepalis petalisqne 
obtusie, bis latioribus ; lahello obcordato, lobo intermeiuo minuto. — c.p. 
3493. 

Hab. Near Batnapoora. 



Subsect. CoETCiD^, lAndl, 

48. DISPEBIS, Swartz. 

1. D. tripetaloidea, Lindl. Gen.'et Sp. Orcb. p. 371, CTim syn. ; 
Wigbt, Ic. t. 930.— c.p. 2363. 

Hab. Not uncommon in damp forests of tbe Central Province, at an 
elevation of 3000 to 5000 feet. 

Flore8 pallide parpurei. 

Sect. 5. AsETHirsEiE, LindL 
Subsect. GASTBODiDiB, LindL 

49. GASTRODIA, E. Br. 

1. O. Jaranica, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orcb. p. 385. — Ephiphanes Java- 
idea, Blume, Bijdr^. 421.—C.P. 3463. 

Hab. Hinidoon Kanda, and Carawitta Kanda, near Ratnapoora. 

This agrees so well with Blume's description, that I cannot doubt its being his 
plant. 

50. EPIPOGIUM, Gmel. 
Lindl. in linn. Soc. Proc. i. p. 176. 

Oidera, Blume. Podantkera, "Wight. CeratopnSt Lindl. 

1. B. nutans, Lindl. 1. c. p. 177. — Galera nutaris, Blume, Bijdr. 
p. 415. Podanthera pallida, W\^ht, Ic. t. 1759.— c.p. 3205. 

Hab. Not very uncommon, in damp sbady places, up to an elevation 
of 2000 feet. 

Tota planta albida, vel floribus bracteisque rubro-maculatis. 

Subsect. VANILLIDiE, ZiWZ. 

51. CYBTOSIA, Blume. 

1. C. Javanica, Blume, Bijdr. p. 396 ; Rumpbia, t. 69.— c.p. 3203. 
Hab. Central Province, at tbe roots of Coffee-trees. Passbage, Gardn. 
Poondool Oya, J, Nietner, JSsq, 

52. VANILLA, Plumier. 

1. V. IXTalkerise, Wigbt, Ic. t. 932.— An F. aphylla, Wigbt, Ic. t. 
931 P (non Blume).— c.p. 2964. 



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312 BKUHBBATION OF lOrckidocea, 

Hab. Gblle and Negombo. 

LabeUum faace rubescens. 

I have anfortanately been unable to make a careM analysis of the flower of this 
beaatifiil plant, the only flower I have seen, and from which the draftsman made his 
drawing, having been inadvertently thrown away. 

2. V. Mooniiy Thw. ; foliis camosis, oblongis, acmninatis, subsessi- 
libus; spicis brevibus, plurifloris; bracteis brevibas, acutis; sepalis 
petalisqae confonmbus, lanceolatis, conniventibos ; Idbello cacnllato, 
margine crenulato. — F. aromatica?, Moon's Cat. p. 60.— c.p. 3204. 

£u.B. Oultura, Moon, Negumbo and Xomegalle. 

Sepala petalaqw fnlva, apice nigresceutia. Labellum pallide viride, disco albo, 
tribns seriebns apice convergentibus macolamm fnlvarum omato. Ovarium albi- 
dom. 

I have not seen the flowers of this plant in a fresh state. The description of theit 
colour is taken from a drawing in this library. 



Sect. 6. NsoTTEiB, lAndl, 
Subsect. CsAKiCHiDiB, Lindl, 

53. ZOSTEBOSTYLIS, Blame. 

1. Z. Zeylaaieay Lindl. Gren. et Sp. Orcb. p. 446.— Z. Walkera, 
Wigbt, Ic. 1. 1748-4.— c.p. 383. 

Hab. Not uncommon in shady forests of the Central Province, up to 
an eleyation of 4000 feet. 

^Folia ovalia vel elliptica, snbtrinervia, nitida, 3~7 poll, lon^ longipetiolata. 
Seapui 1-3-pedalis. Columna brevissima, basi tubercidato-callosa. Stigma disci- 
forme, emarginatnm. Clinandrium latum, concavum, marginibus acutis nee mem- 
branaceis. ArUhera diq'unctim bilocularis. Follinia basi attenuata curvataque; 
plandula communi parva, oblonga. 

Subsect. Spibanthid^, Lindl, 

54 SFIBANTHES, L. C. Eich. 

1. 8. auBtralia. Lindl. Linn. Soc. Proc. i. p. 178, cum syn. — 8, aus- 
iralis et densa, Wight, lo. t. 1724. — c.p. 560. 

Hab. Common amongst grass, in the more elevated parts of the 
Central Proyinoe. 



Subsect. Physubib^, JAndl, 
55. ZEUXINE, Lindl. 

1. Z. snleatay Lindl. Linn. Soc. Proc. i. p. 186, cum syn. seq. — 
Z, emarginata, Lindl. Gren. et Sp. Orch. p. 485. Z. robusia, Wight, 
Ic. 1. 1726. Z. brevifolia, Wight, Ic. 1. 1726.— c.p. 3017. 

Hab. Amongst grass, in the warmer parts of the island. 



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Orckidacea.2 cbtlok plants. 313 



66. MONOCHILUS, Wallich. 

1. M. long^bris, Lindl. Linn. Soc. Proc. i, p. 186. — M, affinis, 
Wifi:ht, Ic. 1. 1728.— C.P. 2377. 

Has. Hot drier parts of the island, not common. 

2. M. nerrosna, Wall. MSS. (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 487.) 
Hab. Ceylon, Walker, Ga/rdner (Herb, Hook,), 

3. M. flaTus, Wall. MSS. ; Lindl. 1. c— c.p. 3120. 

Hab. Raxawa and Ambagamowa, in the Central Province, at an 
elevation of 3000 feet. 

4. M. regriu^y Lindl. 1. c. — C.P. 2643. 

Hab. Damp forests, in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. Nom. vnlg. " Eeree-rajah." 

67. CHEIBOSTYLIS, Blume. 

1. O. parrifolia, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 488 ; Linn. Soc. Proc. i. 
p. 187.— c.p. 3071. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, rare. 

2. C. flabellata, Wight, Ic. t. 1727; Lindl. 1. c. cum syn. seq. — 
Goodyera flahellata, A. Kich. ; Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 2, xv. p. 79, 
t. 12. ZeuidiM moniliformis, Griff. Notulse, iii. p. 397, t. 350. — c.p. 
3377. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District, rare. 

Cloeely allied to the preceding : can it be merely a more highly developed form 
of it? 

68. RHAMPHIDLA., Lindl. 
linn. Soc. Prod. i. p. 190. 

1. R. elonf^ata, Lindl. — Goodyera (sect. Shamphidia) elongata, 
Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 494.~c.p. 2739. 

Hab. Hewahette and Ambagamowa Districts, at an devation of 4000 
feet. 

2. R. Oardneri^ Thw. ; subcaulescens ; foliis oblongis, utrinque an- 
gustatis, glabris, scapo tomentello brevioribus ; spica elongata, tenui, 
pluriflora ; bracteia anguste lanceolatis, ovario subsequilongis ; sepalis 
petalisq}ie ovatis, obtusiusculis ; Idbello parum breviore, sacciformi, 
ovoideo, acuto, dimidio apicaU clause, interne parcissime brevi-piloso ; 
columna labelli aperturse apposita, subquadrata, apice spinis 2 uncinatis 
auriculata ; rostello profunde bifido ; anthera dorsali. — c.p. 3426. 

Hab. Central Province, Gardner. 

Bipedalis. Folia 3-5 poll, longa, 3-nervia, snhtns purporascentia. JHepala pelala- 
que iiifo-fascescentia, 2 Im. longa. Ldbellum flavom. 

69. GOODYBBA, E. Br. 

1. a. procera. Hook. Exot. Flor. t. 39 ; Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. 
p. 493, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 1729.— c.p. 697. 
Hab. Common in damp forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

2 s 



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814 KNUMEBATiON OF lOrckidocecB. 

2. G. fnmata, Thw. ; subcaulescens, /b^mmajusculis, oblongis, utrin- 
que angustatis, glabris, scapo brevioribus ; spica sparsiflora, elongata ; 
rachi ^anduloso-pilosa ; bracteis lanceolatis, acutis, floribus subaequi- 
longis ; sepalis oblongis, acutis ; lahello concavo, abrupte in liguiam 
sequilongam arete revolutam angustato. — c.p. 3668. 

Hab. Central Province, rare. 

FoJia 5-10 poll, longa, concolora. Bachis rufo-fusca. Bractea rufae, Florea 
viridi-rufescentes. Lahellum albidum, fulvo-tinctum. Stigma obcordatum, rostra- 
tum, apice emarginatam. 

60. GEOBCHIS, lindl. 

1. a. cordata, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 496. 

Hab. Ceylon, Macrae (Serb, Idndl.J, 

I have not met with this species nor are there specimens of it in this herbarinm. 

61. ANCECTOCHILUS, Blume. 

1. A. setaceas, Blnme, (Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 499 ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 1731.)— C.P. 384. 

Hab. Damp forests, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vidg. 
" Wanna-rajan." 

62. PHYSUBUS, L. C. Bich. 

1. P.Blnmei, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 604; Linn. Soo. Proo. i. 
p. 181.— c.p. 598. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the damp forests of the Central Province. 

63. TROPIDIA, Lindl. 

1. T. cureulig^oides, Lindl. Gen. et Sp. Orch. p. 497.— c.p. 3665, 
Hab. Amongst high grass, in the hot, drier parts of the island. 

64. CNEMIDIA, Lindl. 

Govindoviat Wight. 

1. C. bambiuiifolia, Thw. ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, acuminatis, 
basi acutis ; ramis Jlorigeris brevibus, squamosis, rarius subfoliosis ; 
spicis brevissimis, confertifloris ; bracteis lanceolatis, acutissimis. — c.p. 
3207. 

Hab. Saffragam District. 

Caulis 2-3'pedalis. Folia 4-9 poll, longa. 

This would appear to be quite distinct from either of Lindley's species of this 
genus, as well as from the Govindopia nervosa, Wight, Ic. t. 2090, which latter has 
the leaves rounded at the base, and the spikes of flowers longer and less crowded. 

65. CORYMBIS, Thouars. 

1. C. disticha^ Thouars, (Lindl. Fol. Orchid, cum syn.)— c.p. 3206. 
Hab. Matturatte, Moon, 



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Zinffiberacea.] cbtlon plants. 316 

CXLV. APOSTASIACE^. 

1. APOSTA.SIA, Blume. 

1. A. ^^aUiclui, E. Br. in WaU. PL Asiat. Ear. i. p. 76, t. 84.— c.p. 
2744. ^ 

Hab. Banks of streams, in the Saffragam District, at no great eleya- 
tioo. 

CLXVI. ZINGIBEEACE^. 

1. GLOBBA, ScMeb. 

1. a. Iralbifera, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 78.-6?. marantinoides, Wight, 
Ic. t. 2001 (G. marantina, Wight, non Willd.).— c.p. 3663. 

Hab. Near Batticaloa. 

My specimens agree extremely well with Dr. "Wight's figure, except that in mine 
the superior wing-like appendages of the anther are twice as broad as the inferior 
ones. The flowers are of an orange-yellow colour. 

2. ZINGIBEB, Gffirtn. 
(Nom. vulg. ** Wal-ingooroo.") 

1. Z. Zenimbet, Eosc. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 48, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 2003.)— c.p. 3699. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

2. Z. Casstununary Eoxb. 1. c. p. 49. — Var. suhglahra.-'^cv, 3727. 
Hab. Hantani, in the Central Province, rare. 

This differs from the typical form of the species in being nearly smooth and in 
having smaller spikes of flowers. 

3. Z. 'Wlghtianumy Thw. — Z. squarrosum, Eoxb. P ; Wight, Ic. t. 
2004 (vix Eoxb.).— c.p. 2286. 

Hab. Very common in forests, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

li-5-pedale. Foiia 6-12 poll, longa, membranacea, superne subglabra, siibtus 
villosnla, vagina ad apicem tuberculis minutis conspersa, ligulee bifldse lobis 1^-3 
lin. longis, rotundatis. Floras ochracei. Corolla lacinia exteriorea acuminato- 
lanceolatse. Labellum brevius, purpureo-venosum macnlatumque, 3-lobum, lobis 
lateralibus lanceolatis, acutis, intermedio mig'ore, ovato, obtuso, bifido. Capsula 
poUicares. 

In the present species the sheaths of the leaves have not the large conical pro- 
cesses at their apex, and the fruit is very much smaller than that of Roxburgh's 
Z. squarrosiinij as described by him. 

4. Z. cylindrieiimi Moon, Oat. p. \,—-foliis lanceolatis vel lineari- 
lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, subsessilibus, ad costam subtus aliquando 
pilosis ; vaginis ad apicem tubulosis nee fissis ; liaula brevi, truncata, 
exteme pilosa ; spicis radicalibus, pedunculatis, subcylindricis ; br octets 
imbricatis, rotundatis vel oblongis, subacutis ; lahello 3-lobo, lobis linea- 
ribus, truncatis, intermedio latiore. — c.p. 2287. 

Hab. Very abundant in the forests of the Central Province. 
3-6-pedale vel ultra. Folia 5-8 poll, longa, 1-2 poll. lata. Pedunculi 3-9 



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316 BNUMBBATION OF \_ZingiberaeeiB. 

poll, longi, erecti, squamis pollicaribos obtosis ad medinin tubulosis vaginati. Brae- 
tea pollicares, rufescentes vel pallidee. Florea albidi. Capiula subsphsericsB, rubrse. 
Semina nigra, arillo albo. 

This bears a very great external resemblance to Z, officinale, which is largely cul- 
tivated in native gardens ; but, besides other diiferences, the tabular uncleft sheaths 
of the leaves at once distinguish the present plant. 

3. CUBCUMA, Linn. 

1. C. Zernmbet, Eoxb. PI. Cor. iii. t. 201 ; FL Ind. i. p. 20, cum syn. 
— c.p. 3373. 

Hab. Common in the Ambagamowa District. Nom. vulg. " Haran- 
kalia." 

2. O. aromaaca^ Salisb. (Wight, Ic. t. 2005.)— C. zedoaria, Eoxb. 
Fl. Ind. i. p. 23 (excl. syn.).— c.p. 3705. 

Hab. Pusalawa and near GampoUe, in the Central Province. Nom. 
vulg. " Dada-kaha," " Wal-kaha.** 

The roots of this plant are used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

3. O. albiflora, Thw. ; glabra, foliis ellipticis vel oblongis, utrinque 
acutis, petiolatis, concoloribus ; spica radicali, pedunculo sequilonga; 
hracteis ovato-lanceolatis, parum reflexis, sif^erioribus gradatim minori- 
bus, omnibus florigeris ; perianthii laciniis obtusis ; lahello rotundato, 
retuso.— c.p. 2737. 

Hab. Maskellia, in the Ambagamowa District, at no great elevation. 

Folia 6-8 poll, longa, 2i-3i poll. lata. BractetB pallide virides. Floret albi, 
labelli disco luteo. Anthera calcaria incurvata. 

Mr. W. 0. Brodie sent me some years ago, from Anooradhapoora, a very small 
species of Curcuma (c.p. 3700), which appears to be undescribed, and the specimens 
are not sufficiently perfect to enable me to draw up a description. 

Curcuma longa, Linn. (nom. vulg. " Kaha ")> is cultivated in native gardens, and 
the roots are used in cnrries, as well as for medicine. 

4. KfflMPFERIA, Linn. 

1. K. rotunda, Linn. (Eoxb. FL Lid. i. p. 16, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 2029.)— c.p. 3175. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Lonkenda." 
The roots are employed medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

2. K. pandnrata, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 18, cum syn. — c.p. 3702. 

Hab. Gangaroowa, near Peradenia. Nom. vulg. " Amba-kaha." 
The Cinghalese use the roots of this medicinally. K. Galanga, Linn., is culti- 
vated in native gardens as a medicine and a masticatory ; but I have not heard of 
its occurring in a wild state in the island. Its native name is " Hingboroo-peyellee." 

5. AMOMUM, Linn. 

(Nom. vulg. " Neya-dandoo.") 

Sect. 1. — Florihus dense glomeratis, 

1 . A. echinattun, Willd. Sp. Plant, i. p. 8, cum syn. — c.p. 3020. 
Hab. Common in dense forests of the Central Province, up to an 
elevation of 4000 feet. 



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Orckidaeea.'i cvtlov plants. S17 

6-12-pedale. Folia finna, glalnra, lineari-lanceolata, acnmiData, sessilia, sapeme 
nigro-viridia, subtus pallidiora, 1-2-pedaliH ; liffula trnncaia^vel parum rotandata, 
indivisa, 5-7 lin. longa. Fedunculi procumbentes, rubri, sqnamis obtosis muiiiti. 
Capiiulum rotondatum yd oyoideom. Bractea oblongs, obtusse, pilosulse, qaam 
floies pamm breviores. Floret flavi, rubro-tincti. LabeUum parum camosnm, cucol- 
latam, obscure trilobum, basi utrinqne bidentatum, disco rubro-lineato macnlatoque, 
lobo intermedio rotundato, aurantiaco. ArUhera loculi ciliati ; crista transversim 
oblonga, breve triloba. Capsula rotundatse, nitidse, undnato-aculeatse, nigro-pur- 
purese, pollicares. 

2 .A. folTicepsy Thw. ; filiis firmis, lanceolatis yel lineari-lanceolatis, 
utrinque acutis, acmninstis, sessilibiis ; ligula indivisa, rotundata, tarn 
longa quam lata ; pedunculis brevibos, procumbentibus ; capitulo rotun- 
dato vel ovoideo, plonfloro ; bracteis imbricatis, oyato-oblongis, retosis, 
adpressim dense fulvo-pilosis. — a, foliis glabris. — c.p. 3122. ^. folii8 
Bubtus pilosis. — c.p. 37C^. 

Hab. Dense forests. Var. a. Bazawa in the Central Province. Var. 
^. Beigam Corle. 

5-8-pedale yel ultra. Folia 1-2-pedalia. Flora pallide flavi, rubro-tincti. Co- 
rolla lacinise exteriores oblongse, obtusse, exteme dense pilosee, posterior subduplo 
latior. LabeUum rotundatnm, retusum, trilobumi basi bidentatum, dentibns longi- 
usculis. Anthera loculi pilosi, crista semilunaris, emarginata. 

3. A. pteroearpum, Thw. ; glahrum, foliis oblon^o-lanceolatis, utrin- 
qne acutis acuminatis, sessilibns ; ligulcB bifidsD lobis longis, lanceolatis, 
acntis, scariosis ; peduticulis brevibns, procumbentibus ; capitulo ovoi- 
deo vel globoso ; bracteis oblongis, majusculis, cito deciduis ; capsulis 
confertis, ovoideis, parum acutis, 9-costatis, costis alatis crenulatisque. 
—c.p. 3021. 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

8-6-pedale vel ultra. Folia 1-2-pedalia. Flores albi. Corolla lacinis exteriores 
oblongse, obtnsse, posterior latior. LabeUum rotnndatum, basi breve bidentatum, 
disco flavo, rubro-tincto. Anthera crista brevis, triloba. Capsula sesquipollicares, 
virides. 

4. A. mastieatorium, Thw. ; foliis firmis, glabris, lineari-lanceolatis ; 
acuminatis, sessilibus, basi acutis vel parum rotundatis ; ligula longius- 
cula, indivisa, lanceolata, ' supeme scariosa ; fedunculis procumbenti- 
bus; copVtt/o globoso ; 5rac^V obovatis, obtusis, pilosulis, ciliatis, quam 
flores dimidio brevioribus ; capsulis retundatis, echinatis. — c.r 3y01. 

Hab. Common in forests of the Central Province, up to an elevation 
of 4000 feet. 

2-8-pedale. Folia 5-15 poll, longa. Br acta 8 lin. longse. Flores flavi. Co^ 
rolla tubus exterue villosulus, lacini^e exteriores oblongse, obtusse, posterior dnplo 
latior. LabeUum rotundatum, rubro-punctulatum, basi bidentatum, trilobum, lobo 
intermedio mioore, bifido. Anthera glabra, loculis longiusculis, ad apicem valde 
divergeutibus, crista scmilunaria. Capsula 8 lin. in diam. nigro-virides. 

Tbe Cinghalese chew the aromatic rhizomes of this plant with their betel. 

5. A. actuninatum, Thw. ; foliis flrmis, glabris, oblongo-lanceolatis, 
longiuscule acuminatis, basi parce acutis, petiolatis; ligula indivisa, 
rotundata, parum breviore quam lata ; pedunculis procumbentibus ; 
capitulo subgloboso, parvo ; bracteis rotundatis vel obovatis, obtusis, 
puberulis, ciliatis, quam flores dimidio brevioribus ; labello rotundato, 
trilobo, lobo intermedio emarginato ; antkens loculis ciliatis, crista 
semilunari crenulata. — c.p. 3466. 



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318 EKUiCBBATiON OP [Ztngiherocea. 

Hab. Ehualagodde, near Batnapoora, at no great eleration. 

^-4-pedale. Folia (in meis specim.) circiter 6 poll, longa, 1-1^ poll, lata, petiole 
4 lin. longo. Rkizomata repentia, cum pedunculis brevibos, iquamis rotondatis 
bracteisi{UB rufescentia. Floret lutei, rabro-tincti. 

Sect. 2. — Florihus laxe spicatis velpaucis, 

6. A. pnleliellumy Thw. ; foliis oblongia, utrinque acutis, membra- 
naceis, minute reticulatis, prseter costam subtus pilosam glabris, petio- 
latis ; ligultB bifidsD lobis breyibns, rotundatis ; peduneulis elongatis, 
procumbentibus, ramosis, sqoamis oblongia obtnsis. snb^labris amplec- 
tentibns tectis ; florihus quam braote® multo longionbns ; anthera 
onsta majnscula, semicirculari ; capsulis rotundatis, leviter 9-costati8. 
— c.p. 2736. 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. 

1-2-pedale. Folia ^-2 ped. longa, 2^-5 poll, lata, petiolo ^8 poll, longo. 
Corolla lacinis exteriores puberole, inter se gnbeequales, lineares, obtiuse, pallidse, 
venis 8 fulyis. LabeUum rotundatnm, roseo-purparemn, disco flavo, 8-lobam, lobo 
intermedio retoso. Anthera loculi glabri, ad apicem vix divergentes, crista roseo- 
parpurea. Capsula 6 lin. in diam., rubra. 

7. A. hypoUuciiiay Thw. ; foliis oblongo-lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, 
acuminatis, supeme glabris nitidis, subtus adpresse canescenti-pilosis, 
petiolatis ; ligula brevi, obtusa, apice biloba ; scapis secus rhizoma re- 
pens elongatum sparsis, brevibus, 3-floris ; capsulis rotundatis, 9-co8- 
tatis. — c.p. 3632. 

Hab. Damp forests of the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

2-5-pedale. Folia j^-2-pedalia, petiolo 1-3 poll, longo. Bractea ovatse, retnssB, 
mucronulatse, pallidse, glabrse, floribus mnlto breviores. Corolla lacinise exteriores 
albidse, inter se snbeeqnales, oblongee, obtusse, ssepe mncronatse. LabeUum rotnn- 
datum, retusum, disco flavo rubro4incto. Anthera loculi glabri, ad apicem vix di- 
vergentes, crista semilonari. Capsula rubrse, pollicares. 

6. ELETTABIA, Bheede. 
Sect. 1. — Spicis laxifloris, 

1. B/Cardamomnm, White, (Blume, Enum. i. p. 61 ; Miq. Flor. 
Ind. Bat. iii. p. 600, cum sjrn.) 

YtLT,fi;folits parum latioribus firmioribusque; capsulis {naifoTmihus, — 
U. major, Smith.— An Elettari, Eheed. Hort. Mai. xi. t. 6 P— c.p. 2431. 

Hab. Var. ^. Forests in the Central and Southern Provinces, up to 
an elevation of 3000 feet. Nom. vulg. "Ensal." Var. o occurs in 
Ceylon only as a cultivated plant ; it is called by the Cinghalese Eata- 
ensal. 

^A careful comparison of growing specimens satisfies me that the plants producing 
respectively, the round and the long cardamoms of commerce are not distinct species, 
but merely varieties of the present species. In every essential particular the struc- 
ture is similar in the two plants, the only difference being that var. a, which pro- 
duces the round cardamom, is a little taller, with rather narrower and less firm 
leaves, and that its fruit is more aromatic as well as different in form from that of 
var. /8. The seeds of both varieties are used by the Cinghalese to chew with their 
betel, and as medicines. 



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2Unff%bera€e(B,] ceylok plakts. 319 

Sect. 2,'^Florihtc8 dense ghmeratU. 
Oeanthus, Rot. 

2. B. involncrata, Thw. ; foliis majusculis, membranaceis, glabris, 
lineari-lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, acuminatis, sessilibus ; ligula brevi, 
indivisa, rotundata; pedunculis erectis^ longiusculis, squamosis ; eapi- 
tulo multifloro, ultra apicem truncatum explanatum squamis magnis 
involucrato.— c.p. 3019. 

Hab. Central Province, in damp forests, at an elevation of 4000 to 
6000 feet. 

6-10-pedali8 vel ultra. Folia H-Z ped. longa, 4-7 poll. lata. PeduncuH li-8 
ped. alti, cam squamis oblongis ?el o?ato-obloQgis obtusis 3-6 poll, longis bracteisque 
obovatis, rubri. Flores parvi, pallide ochracei. Corolla lacinite exteriores obovato- 
oblongse, obtnsse. Ladellum obovatmn, 3-lobum, lobis sabsequalibas rotondatis. 

3. B. floiibnnday Thw. ; foliis glabris, firmis, lineari-lanceolatis, 
utrinque aculis, acuminatis, petiolans ; ligula brevi, indivisa, rotun- 
data ; pedunculis erectis, longiusculis, squamosis ; capitulo multifloro, 
globoso ; bracfeis rotundatis vel ovato-rotundatis, retosis, mucronatis ; 
Jloribus parvis, parum camosis ; corolla laciniis exterioribus ovatis, 
obtusis, concavis ; labello obovato, retuso, obscure trilobo.— c.p. 3374. 

Hab. Forests in the Ambagamowa District. 

3-6-pedalis vel ultra. Folia 1 ^-2 ped. longa, drciter 3 poU. lata. Flores pallide 
ochracei. 

4. B. nemopalis, Thw. ; foliis glabris, firmis, lanceolatis vel lineari- 
lanceolatis, utrinque acutis, acummatis, brevi-petiolatis ; ligula brevi, 
indivisa, rotundata ; pedmtculis procumbentibus, squamosis ; eapitulo 
parvo, subgloboso ; bracteis glabris, valde membranaceis, exterioribus 
rotundatis vel obovatis, intenoribus lanceolatis ;' corolla laciniis exteri- 
oribus SBqualibus, oblongis, obtusis, tubo lon^o ; labello rotundato, 3- 
lobo, lobo intermedk) minore, bifido ; ovario piloso. — c.p. 3703. 

Hab. Forests in the Eeigam and Pasdoon Corles. 
2-4-pedalis. Folia 8-15 poll, longa, drciter 2 poll. lata. Flores flavi, labello 
copiose parpnreo-Tcnoso. Capsula rotondatse, breve rostratae, semipoUicares. 

7. HBDYCHIUM, Kcenig. 

1 . H. coronarimn, Keen. ( Wallich in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iii. (1853) 
p. 325, cum syn ; Wight, Ic. t. 2010.)— c.p. 3018. 

Var. ^; floHbus lutescentibus,— Wall. 1. c; Wight, Ic. tt. 2008, 
2009.— c.p. 3728. 

Hab. Margins of woods, in the Central Province, up to an elevation 
of 6000 feet. Nom. vulg. " EUa-wal." 

2. H. aaffustifbUiim, £oxb. Flor. Ind. i. p. 13 ; Wall. 1. c p. 371. 
—c.p. 3669. 

Hab. In similar situations with the preceding. 

8. ALFINIA, Linn. 

1. A. Galanf^a, Linn. (Roxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 59, cum syn.)— c.p. 3729. 
Hab. Cultura, Moon. Nom. vulg. " Zoloowala." 
The Cinghalese employ the rhizomes medicinally. 



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320 EKUMBBATiON OF IMorantocea. 

2. A- AUnirl&My Eoscoe, (Eoxb. 1. c. p. 61, cum syn.— c.p. 3167.) 
Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Aloo-gass." 
The rhizomes of this species are also used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

3. A. nntansy Roscoe, (Roxb. 1. c. p. 65, cum syn ; Wight, Ic. t. 
2027.) 

Var. P ; panicula breviore ; Jlorihiis minoribus.— -4. sericea, Moon, 
Cat. p. 1.— c.p. 3312. 

Hab. In a forest between ISTegombo and Elomegalle. Nom. vulg. 
" Sankeeriya." 

Besides the distinguishing characters mentioned above, this differs from the com- 
mon form of J., nutans in the flowers not being tipped with rose-colour. 

4. A- calcarata, Boscoe, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 69 ; Wight, Ic. t. 2028.)— c.p. 
3730. 

Hab. Kandy, Moon, Walker, Nom. vulg. " Kattakeeriya." 
I ha?e never met with this truly wild. It grows abundantly in the Botanic 
Garden. 

9. COSTUS, linn. 

1. O. speciosvuiy Smith, (Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 58, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 2014.)— c.p. 3082. 

Hab. Margins of woods, in the Ambagamowa District. Nom. vulg. 
" Taiboo-gass." 

The Cinghalese nse the rhizomes as a medicine. 

OXLVII. MAEANTACILS:. 

1. MABANTA, Plum. 

1. M. Tir^ata, Dietr. (Steud. Nom. ; Wight, Ic. t. 20l5.)-^PA^. 
nium virgatum, Eoxb. M. Ind. ed. Carey, i. p. 4. — c.p. 3466. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not very uncommon. Nom. vulg. 
" Hoolimkeeriya. * 

The Rev. S. O. Glenie, of Triucomalee, informs me that arrowroot of a very supe- 
rior quality is obtainable from the rhizomes of this plant. 

2. M. spicata. — M. caspitosa, Dietr. ; Steud. Nom. Phtynium spu 
catum, Boxb. 1. c. p. 6. — c.p. 612. 

Hab. Forests in the Central Province ; rather rare. 
This, after a careful analysis of the flower, appears to me to be a true species of 
Maranta, 

2. PHBYNIUM, Willd. 

1. P. capitatamy Linn. (Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 8, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 2016.)-^.p. 3123. 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province. Nom. vulg.' " Atbamikee- 
riya." 

3. CANNA,Linn. 

1. O. Xndicay linn. (Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 1, cum syn.)— c.p. 3706. 
Hab. Very abundant, both the red- and yellow-flowered varieties. 
Nom. vulg. " Bootsarana." 



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Commelynacea.'} ceylon plants. 321 

CXLVIII. MUSACE^. 

1. MUSA, Sclireb. 

1. M. sapientom, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p, 894; Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
i. p. 663, cum syn.)— c.p. 3731. 

Hab. Rocky woods in the Central Province, common. Nom. vulg. 
" Wal-kaihel-gass." 

There cannot be a doubt that this is the species from which have oiiginated tuc 
numerons varieties of sweet Plantains cultivated here. 

CXLIX. PONTEDERACEJE. 

1. MONOCHOBIA, Presl. 
(Nom. vulg. " Deya-habarella.") 

1. M. liastsefoUa, Presl, (Kunth, Enum. iv. p. 133, cum syn.) — Pan- 
tederia hastata, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 121. — c.p. 3213. 

Hab. Common in Bvrampy places in the notter parts of the island. 
This and the following species are used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

2. M. vaf^alisy Presl, (Kunth, 1. c. p. 134, cum syn.) — Pontederia 
vaginalis, Burm. ; Roxb. Cor. PI. ii. p. 110; Fl. Ind. 1. c. — c.p. 2316. 

Hab. Equally common v^ith the preceding, and in similar places. 

3. M. plantaginea, Kunth, 1. c. p. 135. — Pontederia plcmtaginea, 
Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 123.--C.P. 3686. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island ; less common than the two pre- 
ceding species. 

CL. COMMELYNACEJE. 
1. COMMELYir A, Dill. 
Sect. 1. — Sjpatha complicata. 

1. O. saUcifbUa, Roxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 172; Kth. Enum. iy. 39, cum 
syn. — An C communis, Linn, forma P^-c.p. 2979, 3358. 

Var. fi ; angustaia ; foliis longis, linearibus ; spathis longe peduncu- 
latis, subfalcatis, valde acuminatis. — c.p. 3215. 

Hab. Yerj abundant. Var. ^. Doombera District. Nom. vulg. 
" Girrapata.*^ 

Var. /3, though differing a good deal in general appearance from the present plant 
as it ordinarily occurs, is notwithstanding, 1 suspect, merely an extreme form of it. 

I do not remember having met with the typical C. communis, L., which has the 
smaller petal very narrow, whilst in tlie present plant I find the smaller petal varying 
from wide-cordate to oval. 

Sect. 2. — Spatha turbinato-cucullata. 

2. O. Beng^halensis, Linn. (Kth. 1. c. p. 50, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
2065.)— c.p. 2314. 

2 T 



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322 BKTJMBBATioN OP \^C<>minelynace€B . 

Hab. Very common in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Deya-mainaireya." 
Used as a medicine by the Cinghalese. 

3. O. obUqna, Don, (Prod. Fl. Nop. p. 45 ; an Vahl, Enum. ii j). 173 P) 
— C. Donii, Dietr. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 68. C. paludosa, Blume, Enum. i. 
p. 2; Zth. l.c. p. 51 ; Miquel, Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 533.— c.p. 2326. 

Hab. North of Kandy, not very uncommon. 

4. O. longifolia, Lam. (Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 165 P)— c.P. 3224. 
Hab. Hot drier parts of the island. 

Subglabra vel plus minus pilosa. Folia anguste lanceolata, valde acuminata, parce 
obliqua, 2-6 poll, longa, i-1 poll, lata, vagina ad oram pilis rigidulis albis ciliata. 
Spatha l-S-nte, parum falcatse acuminateeque, externe pilosse, singulee pedunculum 
solitarium 3-florum inclndentes. 

Nearly allied to the preceding species, from which it differs in its smaller size, 
and in its narrower, more acnminat^ and less oblique leaves. It might perhaps be 
safe to consider it a variety only. 



2. ANEILEMA, E. Br. 

(Nom. vulg. " Tanna-pata.") 

1. A. ensifoUum, Wight, Ic. t. 2074.— -4. secunda, Wight, Ic. t. 
2075-1.— C.P. 2324. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the south of the island. 

2. A. scapiflorom, Wight, Ic. t. 2073. 

Var. fi ; mintcs ; foliis multo minoribus ; hracteis parum brevioribus 
latioribusque. — c.P. 3314. 

Hab. Ceylon; Mrs. Walker, in Herb, JSooh. Var. ^; Oova Dis- 
trict, at an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Var. /3 may possibly prove to be a distinct species, but, without better materials 
than I at present possess, it is not in my power to determine satisfactorily. It appears 
to agree in many essential particulars with specimens of A. scapiflorum, from Khasia, 
collected by Drs. Hooker and Thomson. 

3. A- protensom, Wall. Cat. No. 5218. — Dictyospermum protensum, 
Wight, Ic. t. 2071.— c.P. 3026. 

Hab. Kokool-Corle. 

4. A. montanamy Wight, in Wall. Cat. — Dictyospertnum montanum, 
Wight, Ic. t. 2069.— c.P. 2325. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

5. A. Tasinatomy E. Br. (Kth. Enum. p. 67, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 2076-l.)--c.p. 2328. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

6. A. naaumy Kth. Enum. iv. p. 65, cum syn. j Wight, Ic. t. 2077-2. 
— Commeh/na nana, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 173. — c.P. 2329. 

Hab. Very abundant in damp pastures. 

7. A- nndiflomm, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. p. 66, cum syn. ; Miquel, Fl. 
Ind. Bat. iii. p. 537.)— c.P. 3027, 3313. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

8. A. dimorphumy Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iii. (1851) p. 138; 



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EypoxidacecB,'] obylon plants. 323 

Bombay Flor. p. 254. — A, paniculatum, Wight, Ic. t. 2075-2. — c.p. 
3025. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province. 

Bractea minutse, rotandatse, concavsc, apice incrassatse, coloratse, incunree. Folia 
glabra vel pilosula. 

3. PLOSCOPA, Lour. 

DiiAyrocarpuSf Kanth. 

* 1. P. paaiciOata, Hassk. (Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 542 ; Benth. Fl. 
Hongk. p. 377, cum syn. — Dithyrocarpus petiolaius, Z). Rothii, et D. 
vmdulatus, Wight, Ic. tt. 2079, 2080.)— c.p. 553. 
Hab. Very common up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

4. POLLIA, Thunb. 

Aciitia^ E. Meyer. 

1. P. Xndica.— ^cZma Indica, Wight, Ic. t. 2068.— c.p. 2327. 
Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

5. CYANOTIS, Don. 

(Nom. vulg. " Goloo-bailoo.") 

1. O. axillaris^ B. et Sch. (Kth. Enum. iv. p. 105, cum syn.) — c.p. 
2330. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

2. O. cHstata, E. et Sch. (Kth. 1. c. p. 102, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 
2082.)— c.p. 3217. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

3. O. pUosa, E. et Sch. (Kth. 1. c. p. 105 ; Wight, Ic. t. 2083.)— c.p. 
2331. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other elevated parts of the island. 

4. O. fascicnlata, E. et Sch. (Kth. 1. c. p. 104, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 2086-2.)— c.p. 2433 (2978). 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Province. 

5. O. lanceolata, Wight, Ic. t. 2085.— c.p. 2332, 3223. Var. sub- 
glabra.—c.T. 3216. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

Closely allied to the preceding species, but distingaished by its mach larger size 
aud by the different character of the pubescence, which is silky in this, bat lanose in 
C. fasciculata, 

CLI. HYPOXIDACE^. 

1. HVPOXIS, Linn. 

1. H. tricliocarpay Wight, Ic. t. 2045. — JT. latifolia, S". leptosta- 
chya, H. pauciflora, et H. hrachystachya, Wight, Ic. tt. 2044, 2045, 
2046.— C.P. 2288. Var. linearifoha.^CT. 2290. 



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324 ENUMBBATiOK OF [^Amaryllidocecf. . 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet, Nom. vulg. 
" Ma-bintal." 

A rather variable plant as regards the size and shape of the leaves and tlie amount 
of pabescence. 

2. CURCULIGO, Gflertn. 

1. C. recnrrata, Dryand. (Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 145.)— c.P. 3210. 
Hab. Saffragam, Moon, 

I have never met with this plant in a wild state. 

2. O. orcliioides, Gsertn. (Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 144, cum syn.) — 
a hr^ifolia, Ait. ; Wight, Ic. t. 2043.— -c.P. 2289. 

Hab. Not uncommon in grassy places, up to an elevation of 3000 
feet. Nom. vulg. *' Heen-bintal." 

Extremely variable in the amount of pubescence, in the shape and size of the 
leaves, and in t!>e number of flowers ; and I cannot help suspecting that C. Malabarica, 
Wight, will prove to be a form of it, and perhaps also C. graminifolia, Nimmo, of 
the Bombay Flora. 



CLII. AMAEYLLIDACE^. 

1. CRINUM, Linn. 

1. O. Asiaticum, Linn. (Ktb. Enum. v. p. 647, cum syn.) — (?. toxica' 
Hum, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 134.— c.P. 2969. 

Hab. Very abundant on the sea-coast of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Tolabo," 

Frequently planted as a fence for na,tive gardens near the sea. 

2. O. defiacumy Gawl. (Kth. 1. c. p. 661, cum syn.) — C Asialicum, 
Eoxb. 1. c. p. 127.— c.P. 2338. 

Hab. Hot dry northern parts of the island. 

3. O. omatnm, Herb. (Kth. 1. c. p. 673, varr. a et jS, cum syn.) — 
(7. Zeylanicum, Linn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 139. Xar. a, c.P. 3734. v ar. jS, 
c.P. 3735. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Goda-manil." 

2. PANCBATIUM, Linn. 

1. P. Malabaricum, Herb. (£th. Enum. v. p. 661, cum syn.)— c.P. 
2339. 

Hab. On the banks of rivers and streams, up to an elevation of 2000 
feet. Nom. vulg. ** Deya-manil." 

2. P. Zeylanicum, Linn. (Kth. 1. c. p. 662, cum syn. ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. 
ii.p. 124.)— c.P. 321L ' 

Hab. Amongst grass, in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Wal-Loonoo." 

The Cinghalese employ the bulbs medicinally. 

P. verecundurriy Soland., stated to be a native of the island, I)iAve never met with 
here, either wild or under cultivation^ 



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IHoscoreacea,] ceylon plants. 325 

CLIII. BUEMANNIACILE. 

(Tnclod. Taccaceas ; auct. J. D. Hooker.) 

1. BUBMANNIA, Linn. 

1. B. ^stachya, E. Br. Prod. p. 62.—^. disticha, Linn. ; Eoxb. Fl. 
Ind. ii. p. 117, cum syn. — c.p. 2313. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Ma- 
deya-jawala.** 

2. B. Championii, Thw.; caule filiformi, simplici, anhyllo, squamoso; 
florihus subcapitatis ; perigonii tubo 3-costato, nee alato. — B. pseudo- 
alata. Champ. MSS.— c.p. 2735. 

Hab. Saffragam District and Hinidoon Corle. 

Tota planta albida, 4-8-pollicari8. Sqimma caiilis spar see, lanceolatse, 2 lin. lougse. 
Flores 9-12, circiter 3 lin.' longi. Perigonii lobi majores lanceolati, marginibus 
involutis, minores lineares, truncati. 

3. B. pnsilla. — Gonyanthes pusillat Miers, in Linn. Soc. Trans, xviii. 
p. 537, t. 38, f. 3. — c.p. 3023. Var. ^ ; parum elatior, alis tubi peri- 
gonii angustioribus. — c.p. 2312. 

Hab. V ar. a ; North of the island, Gardner. Trincomale, Rev. 8. O, 
Glenie, Var. /3; Caltura, Gardner; Kokool Corle. 

There does not appear to me sufficient difference in the seed-vessels of the preced- 
ing three species to make it desirable to constitute two genera of them. I observe 
in my specimens of B. distachgay a disposition in the capsules to spUt transversely 
about their middle, just as takes place in the present species. 

2. THISMIA, Griff. 
Tribrachys, Champion. 

1. T. Oardneriana, Hk. f. MSS. ; caule unifloro, perianthii lobis 
latioribus rotundatis. — Trihrachys Gardnericma, Champ. MSS. et Ic. in 
Herb. Hook. 

Hab. Galle, Champion (Herb. ffook.J. 

I have never met with this species. " Very nearly allied to T. Brunonis, Griff. 
Linn. Trans, xix. 341. t. 89, but differs in the soHtary flower and broader lobes of the 
periMith." — /. B. H. 

3. TACCA, Eorst. 

1. T. pinnatifida, Forst. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind.ii. p. 172; Miquel, Fl. Lid. 
Bat. iii. p. 566, cum syn.)-— c.p. 2320. 
Ha3. I^orth of the island, Gj,rdner. Trincomale, Rev, 8. O, Glenie. 



CLIV. DIOSCOEEACE^. 

1. DIOSCOBEA, Linn. 

1. D. pentaphyUa, Linn. (Kth. Enum. v. p. 396, cum syn. ; Wight, 
ic. t. 814.) — B. triphylla, Linn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 392, cum syn. — c.p. 



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326 ^ ENUMBBATioN OF IDioscoreocecB. 

Hab. Very abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Zattoo-wella." 

The tuberous roots of this and of the following species, excepting i). bulbifera, 
are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

2. D. tomentosa, Kcenig. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. S06.)Selmia? 
tomentosa, Kth. 1. c. p. 439 ; Wight, Ic. t. 815.— c.p. 2304. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Ooyala." 

3. D. bnlbiferay Linn. (Willd. Sp. PI. iv. p. 793, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 878.) — Helmia bulbifera, Kth. 1. c. p. 435, cum syn.— c.p. 2977. 

Hab. Very common on the banks of rivers and streams up to an 
elevation of 2000 feet. Nom. vulg. ** Pannoo-Condol. 

The tubers of this species are employed by the Cinghalese for attracting fish to 
certain spots where they can be easily caught. The tubers are broken into pieces 
and thrown into the water daily for some time. 

4. D oppositifolU, Linn. (Eoxb. I.e. p. 804 ; Wight, Ic. t. 813.)— 
c.p. 2303. 

Hab. Abundant in the hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Hirri-talla." 
Tota planta plus minus villosula, foliis denique subglabris. 

5. D. intermedia, Thw. ; glaberrima, inermis ; caule tereti ; foliis 
oppositis vel alteruis, eUipticis oblongisve, acuminatis, mucronatis, 3- 
nerviis ; nervis lateralibus margine subparaUelis et exinde costa distan- 
tibus ; spicis F(EM. : solitariis, simplicibus, folio subsaquilongis ; ma.sc. : 
folio brevioribus, fasciculatis vel longiusctde paniculatis. — c.p. 2870, 
3022. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not very common. 

Folia circiter 3 polL longa, i-li poll, lata, petiolo i-1 poll, longo. Spica mascula 
pollicares vel parum ultra. Flores 6-andri. 

Allied to the preceding, but differs in being entirely glabrous, in the leaves having 
their lateral ncrvures more distant from the costa, and in the male flowers being less 
crowded and on somewhat longer spikes. The present is well distinguished from the 
following species, some forms of which it closely resembles, by its shorter and more 
numerous spikes of male flowers, and the more diverging lateral nervures of its 
leaves. 

6. D. spicata. Both. PI. Nov. p. 571 P o 5 foliis basi acutis. — c.p. 
2871. iS ; foliis basi rotundatis, cordatis vel etiam profunde cordatis. 
—c.p. 2872, 3119. 

Hab. Very common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

Glabra, inermis. Folia altema vel opposita, elliptica vel oblonga, acuminata, 
mucronata, 3-5 vel rarius 7-nervia, prorainentim reticulata, petiolo J-f poll, longo. 
Spica sparsiflorse, ssepius valde elongatee ; fcem. solitarise ; masc. solitarise vel binse, 
diquando parce ramosse. Flor. masc. 6-andri. Flob. fcem. stigmatibus snbsessiUbus, 
parvis, simplicibus, reflexis : staminibus sterilibus linearibus, apice emarginatis. 

Dioscorea saliva, Linn. (nom. vulg. " Kattoo-kookoolala,*' " Jaa-waal,"), 2). alata, 
Linn. (nom. vulg. " Kirri-koudol," " Kahata-kondol," " Lingoorella "), and B, pur- 
purea, Roib., are cultivated in native gardens. 



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Palmaceis,] ceylon plants. 327 

CLV. PANDANE^. 

I. PANDANUS, Linn.. 

1. P. odoratissimus, Linn. (Eoxb. Plant. Cor. tt. 94, 95, 96 ; Flor. 
Ind. iii. p. 738, cum syn. ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 156, cum syn.) — 
An F.fascicularis, Willd. P-— c.p. 3739. 

Hab. Very abundant near the sea. Nom. vulg. " Moodoo-kaiyeya.** 
Stamina in racemulis numerosis ramos spadicis masciUi dense investientibus. 
The aerial roots are used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

2. P. humilis, Eumph. (Miq. 1. c. p. 160, cum syn.)— -C.P. 3740. 
Hab. Used as a fence-plant for paddy-fields in the warmer parts of 

the island. Nom. vulg. " Doonoo-kaiyeya." 

Stamina simplicia, densissime conferta in ramos spadicis masculi, filamentis bre- 
vissimis. Capitula fructits maturi singula 4-6 poll, longa, 3-4 poll. lata. 

The leaves of this plant are made into mats by the Cinghalese. 

3. P. forcatws, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 744 ; Miq. 1. c. p. 162, cum syn. 
t. 37.— c.p. 2734. 

Hab. Similar situations with the last. Nom. vulg. " 0-kaiyeya." 
Stamina penicillatim disposita, ad apices pedunculomm numerosonuu ramos spa- 
dicis masculi arete tegentium. 

2. PBEYCINETIA, Gaud. 

1. P. radieans, Gaud, in Freyc. It. Bot. p. 432. t. 43 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. 
Bat. iii. p. 171. — An F, insignis, Blume, Bumph. p. 158, t. 42, forma 
minor P— c.p. 2333. 

Hab. Southern and Central Provinces, up to an elevation of 4O0O 
feet, climbing over the trunks and branches of large trees. 
CapittUafnictus maturi 2-3 poU. longa, pulchre rubra. 

2. P. aag^ustifolia, Blume, 1. c. p. 159, t. 43 ; Miq. 1. c. cum syn. — 
C.P. 366. 

Hab. In similar situations with the preceding, and more abundant. 

3. NIPA, Eumph. 

1. N. frnticans, Thunb. (Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 150, cum syn.) — 
C.P. 3333. 

Hab. Mangrove swamps in the south of the island. Kom. vulg. 
"Gim-pol." 

CLVL PALMACEiE. 

TRIE. I. ARECIKEJE, Mart. 

1. ABECA, Linn. 

I. A. Oatechn, Linn. (Roxb. PI. Cor. i. p. 54, t. 75 ; Fl. Ind. iii. p. 
615 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 8, cum syn.)— c.p. 3471. 

Hab. Abundant in native gardens throughout the warmer parts of 
the island. Nom. vulg. " Poowak-gass." 



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328 ENUMEBATiON OF [Polmocea, 

Ad apparently larger form of this {Ar. alda, Ramph., Miq., baad Willd.) occurs 
sparingly in native gardens, but it is said to have been introduced and not to be in- 
digenous to the island. The seeds of both kinds are used by the natives as a masti- 
catory with Betel. 

2. A. concinna, Thw. ; inermis, cdudiee tenui, simplici, annulato ; 
frondibtLS paucis, pinnatisectis, subglabris; segmentis falcatis, valde 
acuminatis ; terminalibus brevioribus, plus minns confluentibua, trun- 
catis, apice dentatis ; spadice ramoso ; koribus at in A, Catechu dispo- 
sitis ; MA8C. : G-andris ; petalis ovato-lanceolatis, quam sepala rotun- 
dato-oblonga fere 3-plo longioribnB ; ovarii rudimento tngono-clavi- 
formi 5 FCEM. : drupa fibrosa, subfusiformi, umbonata ; albumine rumi- 
nato. — " Areca Dicksonii, Roxb. P** Moon's Cat. p. 66. — c.p. 620. 

Hab. Forests in the Ileigam and Pas-doon Corles. Nom. vulg. 
** Laina-terri-gass." 

Caudex 8-12-pedalis, viridis, H-l-i poll, in diam. Frondes circiter 7, 3-3i 
ped. longse (excl. basi vaginante 16 poll, longa) segmentis mediis 2 ped. longis, 2i 
poll, latis. ' Drupa sesquipollicaris, flavo-rufesceus. 

Apparently closely allied to A. pumila, Blume, Rumph. t. 99 (hand Mart.), but 
the male flowers of the present plant are biserial, not uniserial as described in Blume's 
species. The Cinghalese chew the albumen of the seeds with their Betel. 

2. PTYCHOSPERMA, LabiU., Miq. 
Sect. SpiranthcBt Miq. 

1. P. mpicola, Thw. ; inermis ; caudice elato, simplici, annulato ; 
frondibtis subglabris, pinnatisectis, segmentis lanceolatis, oblique acumi- 
natis, terminalibus plus minus confluentibus, prsemorso-dentatis, nerro 
medio supeme prominenti, subtus squamoso ; flor. masc. : 12-andris ; 
petalis acutis, quam sepala rotundata obtusa 4r-5-plo longioribus ; ovarii 
rudimento parvo; flob. F(BM. : sepaZis petalisqxie rotundatis, obtusis, 
ovario rotucdato, acuminato ; stigmatibu^ minutissimis ; ovulo pendulo. 
— ** Caryota mitis, Willd. P'* Moon's Cat. p. 66.— c.p. 2732. 

Hab. Bocky places in forests of the Southern and Central Provinces, 
at no great elevation. Nom. vulg. " Dotaloo-gass." 

Caudex 30-40-pedalis, 4-5 poU. in diam. Frondes 6-8-pedales, basi vaginante 
15 poll, longa. Spatha completa 2, acuminatse, externe parce furfturacese, exterior 
crista acuta, } poll, lata marginata. Spndix valde ramosns, pailide ochraceus, plus 
minus rufescens, sesquipedalis, pedunculo brevi. Drupa fibrosa, parum camosa, sub- 
spheerica, } poll, in diam., abrupte obliqueque acuminata. Semen pendulum, albu- 
mine ruminato, coccineo-variegato. 

The seeds of this are used by the Cinghalese with their Betel, as a substitute for 
those of the Areca Catechu. 

3. ONCOSPEBMA, Blume. 

1. O. fascicnlatay Thw. ; stolonifera ; caudice elato, aculeato ; fron- 
dium segmentis secus rachin fasciculatis, 4-7-nis, 4-7-stiche (vel sub- 
spiraliter) dispositis, apicibus dependentibus ; spaihis spadiceqne iner- 
mibus. — Caryota homda, Moon s Cat. p. 64 (baud Wind.) — c.p. 2337. 

Hab. Forests in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Kattoo-kittool." 

Caudex 30-40-pedali8 vel ultra, 5-6 poll, in diam., aculeis nuroerosis nigris com- 
pressis flexilibus patent ibus armatus. Frondes (excl. basi vaginante externe ftirfuracea 



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PalmiuseaJ] cbylon plants. 329 

acnleataqne 2i 'ped. longa) 8-pedale8 ; rachide fusco-forfiiracea basin versus plus 
minus aculeata; lamina segmentis lanceolatis, valde acuminatis, 12-18 poll, longis, 
1-lf poll, latis, basi parum induplicatis, nervo medio superne prominente subtus 
parce squamoso. Spatha completa 2, parcissime furfuracea. Spadix 2-pedalis, ra- 
mosus, densiflorus (2 masc. 1 foem. in sfcrobic). Floe. kasc. 9-audri, ovario sierili 
majusculo, fere ad basin trifido, segmentis cylindricis. Drupa sphairica, semipolli- 
caris, nigro-purpurea. Albumen ruminatum, albidum, ochraceo-variegatura. 

Distinguisbed from Oncdsperma filameniosa, Blume {Areca Nibungy Mart.), and 
Jreca horrida^ Griff., by its 9-androus male flowers and tbe fasciculate arrangement 
of the laminae of its fronds. 



4. CABYOTA, Linn. 

1. O. urensy linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 625, cum syn.)— c.p. 3742. 

Hab. Southern and central parts of the island, up to an elevation of 
2000 feet ; principally in native gardens. Nom. vxug. " Kittool-gass." 

From the flowering stems of this plant toddy is drawn, from which a coarse kind 
of sugar is made by the Cinghalese. The wood is useful for building purposes. 



TRIE. II. BORASSINE^, Mart. 

5. BOBASSIJS, Linn. 

1. B. flabelliformis, Linn. (Eoxb. Cor. PL i. p. 50, tt. 71, 72; Fi. 
Lid. iii. p. 790.)— c.p. 3743. 

Hab. Hot, drier, and especially the northern parts of the island. 
Nom. vulg. " Tal-gass." 

Where this tree grows in abundance it is second only to the Cocoa nut in value 
to the native population, every part of the plant being made available for some useful 
purpose. 

TRIE. III. COETPHINJE, Mart. 

6. COBYPHA, Linn. 

1. O. ambracQlifera, Linn. (Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 49, cum syn.) 
—c.p. 2336. 

Hab. Southern and central warm moister parts of the island. Nom. 
vulg. " TaUa-gass." 

Mats, useful for constructing temporary dwellings and for other purposes, are made 
from the large fronds of this fine tree. 

7. PHCENIX, Linn. 

1. P. aylvestris, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 787, cum syn. — Palma dactyli- 
fera minor, etc., Burm. Thes. Zeyl. p. 183, cum syn.-7C.P. 3172. 

Hab. Very common in' the hotter parts of the island. 

Caudex 8-10-pedalis. Drupa 6 lin. longa, 3-3i lin. lata, nitida, rubro-nigres- 
cente. 

The Cinghalese eat the sweetish pulp of the ripe seeds, and construct mats and 
betd-boxes of the leaves. 

2 u 



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330 BNUMBBATiON OF [PcUmocea. 

TRIE. IV. COCOINJS, Mart. 
8. COCOS, Linn. 

1. O. nncifera, Linn. (Roxb. PL Cor. i. p. 62, t. 73 ; Fl. Ind. iii. p. 
614 ; Mia. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 64, cum syn.)— c.p. 3744. 

Hab. Commonly cultivated throughout the warmer parts of the 
island. Nom. vulg. " Pol-gass.'* 

The value of this tree is so well known, that it is unnecessary here to make any 
observations on the subject. 

TRIE. V. LEFILOCARTINE^, Mart. 

9. CALAMUS, Linn. 

Nom. valg. "Waiwel." 

1. O. long^isetiui, Griff. Palms of British India, p.42, tt. 189, A,B. 
(Martins, Gen. et Sp. Pahn. p. 332 : Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 114.)— 
c.p. 2873. 

Hab. Hantani District, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 
2000 to 3000 feet. 

PlantafcRm. : Flores secus ramulos spadicis per paria (1 masc, 1 hermaph.) dis- 
positi. Bnipa obovata (includ. rostro obtuso 2 tin. longo), pollicaris, squamis migus- 
culis, in 5 vel 6 spiris, ochraceis, margine fuscis. 

Closely allied to C. erectus^ Roxb. (C schizospathus^ Griff. 1. c. p. 41), of which I 
have specimens from Dr. Hooker, but besides the differences pointed out by Griffith 
in the work quoted, the rostrum of the fruit in the present species is longer and its 
scales larger and fewer than in C. erectus. 

2. O. rudentum, Lour! (Willd. Sp. PI. ii. p. 203 ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 
p. 776.) — Fahnajunctcs alhus, Eumph. Amboin. v. p. 102, t. 63. — c.p. 
2874. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Ma-waiwel." 

3. O. RoxburghU, Griff. 1. c. p. 65, t. 112.-0. Rotang, Eoxb. 1. c. 
p. 777 (non Linn, neqtie Willd, nisi partim), — C.P. 3388. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

4. O. e^acUis, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 781 ; Griff. 1. c. p. 64, t. 196, cum syn.— 
c.p. 2334. 

Hab. South of the island. 

Frondis lamina latitudine valde varia, secus rachin fasciculatee vel nonnunquam fla- 
bellatim apicales. Spadices masculi 3-5-pollicares. Flores plus minus conferti. 
Spad.fcsm. nondum vidi. 

6. O. tennis, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 780 ; Griff. 1. c. p. 67, tt. 93, A, B, C— 

C. monoicus, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 789 P — C.P. 2335. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not very uncommon. 

Tola planta, frondium laminis exceptis, plus minus fugaci-fermgineo-furfuracca. 
Spadices masc. supradecompositi, ramulis fiorigeris brevibus, recurvis, paucifloris. 
Flores distichi, conferti. 

6. O. delicatnlns, Thw. ; frondis laminis numerosis, eequidistantibus, 
lineari-lanceolatis, valde acuminatis, margine et utriuque ad nervos 
loneiuscule setigeris; racAa-c^c fugaci-ferrugineo-furfuracea, carina aouleis 
uncmatis armata ; spadicibus masculis vsQde elongatis, fiUformibus, de- 



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Hyd/rocharideaJ] cetlon plii^ts. 331 

compositis yel parom supradecompositis ; spathis inermibus, basi at- 
tenuatis, apice longiuscule ciliati ; florihus altematim distichis, parum 
distantibus. — c.p. 3159. 

Hab. Galle District. 

Frondis lamina 8 poll, longse, -J poU. lalse. Spad, masc, rami ftorigeri circiter 
18, singuli 1-5 "poll, longi. Bractea bracteolaque miuutse. Flor. masc. Cal^x 
nrceolatus, 3-dentatus. Corolla duplo longior, fere ad basin tripartita, segmentis 
oblongis, acutis. Stamina filamentis longiasculis, sabliberis. Ovarii rudimenium 
minntam. 

, 1 regret not being able at present to obtain sufficient materials to draw up so com- 
plete a description as could be desired of this apparently very distinct species. 



CLVII. TYPHACE^. 

1. TYPHA, Linn. 

1. T. an^nstilfolia, Linn. (Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 91, cum syn. ; Miq. 
FLInd. Bat. iii. p. 173, cum syn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 667.)— T. ele- 
phantina, Eoxb. l..c. p. 566. — c.p. 3218. 

Hab. Warmer parts t)f the island, not very common. 



. CLVni. PISTIACE^. 

1. PISTLA, Linn. 

1. P. Stratiotes, Linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Lid. iii. p. 131, cum syn. ; Miq. 
Fl. Lid. Bat. iii. p. 218, cum syn.)— c.p. 3334. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Deya-parandeUa." 

* 

2. I.EMNA, Linn. 

1. Xi. minor, Linn. ; Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 4, cum syn.— c.p. 2379. 
Hab. Not uncommon. 

2. li. polyrhwa, Linn. ; Eng. Bot. t. 2458 P—i. major, Griffith, No- 
tulse (Monocot.), p. 220, t. 264. An L, orbiculata, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 
565P— c.p. 2378. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardtier. 



CLIX. HYDEOCHARIDE^. 
1. HYDRILLA, Eich. 

1. H. TerticiUata, Casp. in Pringsh. Jahrb. i. 494.— JZ". dentata, Casp. 
Bot. Zeit. (1864) p. 66. R, TR^A^m, Planch. Ann. des Sc. Nat. (Botanique) 
3me ser. xi. p. 79. H. ovalifoliay Eich. JS. angustifolia, Blume, Mus. 
Bot. Lugd. Bat. i. p. 82. Vallisneria verticillatay Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 
761. S^imla verticillata, Eoxb. PL Cor. 1. 164.— c.p. 2310 (2305, 2309). 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

Fructus (in meis specim.) demum dimidio superiore filamentis paucis longiusculis 
acutis sqnarrosis appendiculato. 



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332 sirtTMBBATiON OF lAlUmocea, 

2. NECHAMANBBA, Plaiich. 

1. N. alternifoUa.— iV. Boxhv/irghii, Planch. Ann. des Sc. Wat. (Bot.) 
3me ser. li. p. 78 (excl. syn. Boxb. PL Cor. 1. 166). Vallisneria alter' 
ntfolia, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. TSO.-— c.p. 3176. 

Hab. Batticaloa Bistiict. 



3. BLYXA, Thouars. 

1. B. oetandra. Planch, in Hb. Hook.— ^. Ghiffithii, Planch, in Hb. 
Hook. B, Roxhv/rghii, Rich. ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 237, cum syn. 
Vallisneria octandra, Eoxb. PI. Cor. 1. 165 ; Fl. Tnd. iii. p. 752. Di- 
plojvphon ori/zetarum. Dene., in Jacq. Voy. Bot. 167.— c. p. 237. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

Flor. HERMAPHR. : Stamina 8, cumperiantliiiiaciniis interioribas altemantia, an- 
theris linearibos polliniferis. Pollen spheericum, echinulatum. 

In all the femue flowers I- have examined of this plant I have foimd three stamens 
alternating with the inntr lobes of the perianth. 

4. ENHALUS, L. C. Eich. 

1. B. marinvui; Griff. Not. (Monocot.) p. 178, tt. 249, 250.— J?, aco- 
roides, Eich. ; Zoll. Cat. p. 60. -S. KcBniaii, Erch. ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. 
iii. p. 237. Stratiotes acoroides, Linn. t. ; Willd. Sp. PL iv. p. 820. 
Acorus marinus, Eumph. Herb. Amb. vi. p. 191, t. 75, f. 2 — c.p. 2296. 

Hab. Jafiha, Qard/ner, 

6. OTTELIA, L. C. Eich. 

1. O. alismoidesy Pers. Syn. p. 400, cum syn. — Damasonium Indi- 
cum, Willd. ; Eoxb. PI. Cor. 1. 185. Stratiotes alismoides, linn. — c.p. 
2316. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 



CLX. ALISMACE^. 
1. ALISMA, Juss. 

1. A. g^landnlosmni Thw. ; acaule,^Zm longe petiolatis, ovatis, sub- 
acutis, snbtns sparsim glanduloso-punctatis, promnde cordatis, lobis 
posticis ovatis approximatis panim acutis ; scapo foliis subsequilongis, 
apice paniculato, multifloro ; florihus 3-m8, longe pedicellatis, 6-andris ; 
cwrmdiis 4-5, dorso 4-co8ts^8, costis margine ^bercnlatis.— c.p. 2318. 

Bab. Tanks in the hotter northern parts of the island. 
"Folia 6-8 poll, longa, 4-5 poU. lata, petiolo 2-4-pedali vel ultra. Brtietea ma- 
joscnlse, lanceolatse, acuminate. Flares parri, sepalis petalisque rotundatiB. 

2. A. obtusifblium. — Sagitto/ria ohtusifolia, linn. ; Kunth, Enum. 
iii. p. 158, cum nota ("potius Alismatis species P") ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 
p. 64i&.-'Culi'tamara, Eheed. Hort. Mai. xi. t. 45.— c.p. 2317. 

Hab. Jul similar situations with the last species. 



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Najaditcea.'] cbylon plants. 333 

CLXI. NAJADACEiE. 

1. CYMODOCEA, Koenig. 

1. O. seqnorea, Keen. (ZunUi, Enum. iii. p. 118, cum syn.)— c.p. 
2380. 
Hab. Point de Galle, Gardner, 

2. THATiASSIA, Soland. 

1. T. stipiilaceay Keen. (Kunth, Ennm. iii. p. 120, cum syn.)— c.p. 
3055. 
Hab. Trmcomalee, Prqf, W. JS, Sarvey. 

3. POSIDOWIA, Keen. 

1. P. sermlatay Spr. (Kuntb, Enum. iii. p. 122, cum syn.) — c.p. 
3056. 

Hab. Trincomalee, Frqf. W. S. Ha/rvey, Bev. 8. O. Glenie. 

Folia linearia (in meis specim.), 6 poll, longa, i poll, lata, 15-neryia, apice rotnn- 
data, argute serrolata, bast vaginante sesquipoUiouri, Ugula brevissima tianc^ta. 
Inflorescentiam nondum vidi. 

4. BUPPIA, Linn. 

1. R. snbsessilisy Thw. ; fasciculis versus pedunculi apicem per 
paria approximatis, hinc Jlorihus 2-3-subyerticillatis ; nucuUs maturis 
obtuse oboYoideis, subsessilibus. — c.p. 3214. 

Hab. Jafiha, Moon. 

6. APONOGETON, Thunb. 
Nom. vulg. " Kaikatcya." 

1. A. monostachjroi&y Linn. f. (Boxb. PL Cor. i. t.81 ; Fl. Ind. ii. p. 
210, cum syn.)— c.p. 2307. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

2. A. crispvui, Thunb. ; Spr. Syst. ii. 466.—^. unduUUus. Eoxb. FL 
Ind.'ii. p. 211.— c.p. 2306, 2308, 3381. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

Folia obloQga, lanceolata vel linearia, basi cordata vel acuta, breve vel longiuscule 
petiolata. 

The larger, more translucent, and transversely-veined leaves of the present species 
at once distinguish it from the preceding. The roots are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

6. POTAMOOETON, Linn. 

. 1. P. natansy Linn. (Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 127, cum syn.) — c.p. 590. 
Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

2. P. peetinatiuiy Linn. (Kunth, 1. c. p. 137, cum syn.)— c.p. 3531. 
Hab. Caltura. 



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334 ENUHEBATiON OF lAvoidecB, 

CLXII. ABOIDE^. 
TRIB. I. EVAROILEJE, 

1. CBYPTOCORYNB, Fisch. 

1. C. spiralisi Fisch. ; Wight, Ic. t. 779.'^Afnhro8inia spiralis, 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. iiij. 492. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker (Herb, HooJc,), 

I have not met with this species, nor are there specimens of it in this Herbarium. 

2. C. Thwaitesii, Schott, Prod. Syst. Aroid. p. 14.— c.p. 3464. 
Hab. Singhe-rajah forest, and at Hewessee, in the Pas doon Corle. 
Folia obovata, basi apiceque parum angustata, supeme punctis elevatis deDsissime 

omata, margine elegantnle ondulata, 1-3 poll longa, }-li poll, lata, basi cordata, 
lobis posticis rotnodatis ; petiolo subsequilongo. Scopus brevissimns. Spatha ob- 
longa, in rostrum longiiiscolum gradatim angnstata, nee torta. 

2. LAGEI^'ANDBA, DalzeU. 

1. Ii. OT&ta. — L. toxicaria, Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. iv. (1852) 
p. 289 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 192, cum syn. Arum ovatum, Linn. 
Ka/rin-polay Eheed. Hort. Mai. xi. p. 46, t. 23. — c.p. 3315. 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Proyince, etc. Nom. vulg. 
"Kettulla." 

2. If. lancifolia. — Cryptocoryne lanc\folia, Schott, 1. c. p. 15. 
—c.p. 3173, 3174. 

Hab. Banks of rivers and streams, in the southern and central parts 
of the island. Nom. vulg. " Atta-oodiyang." 

The roots are used medicinally. 

Folia ovato-lanceolata vel lanceolata, acuminata, supeme sparse subtus dense albido 
pnnctulata, basi rotnndata vel acuta, 2-4 poll, longa, f-l^ poll, lata ; petiolo subse- 
quilongo. Scapus brevis. Spatha oblonga, plus minus mgosa, in rostrum abrupte 
vel gradatim angustata, 1-2-pollicaris, purpurascens, interne atro-purpurea. Ovaria 
80-40, circa medium sub stigmate conico minutje tuberculata. 

3. !■• Koenigii. — Cryptocoryne Kcmiffii, Schott, 1. c. p. 16 ; foliis 
longiusculis, lineari-lanceolatis, acuminatis, sessilibus ; scapo foliis bre- 
viore ; spatha longe et gradatim acuminata. — c.p. 3496. 

Hab. Singhe-rajah forest, between Galle and Katnapoora. 
Folia 1-2-ped. longa, 3-8 lin. lata, subtus albido-punctulata. Scaptis 2-^ poll, 
longus. Ovaria circiter 80. Semina 2^ lin. longa, pluri-alato-costata. 

3. AHUM, Linn. 
Sect. — Spadix apice subulate, Typhonium, Schott, 

1. A. diyaricatum, Linn. (Benth. Fl. Hongkong, p. 342, cum syn.) 
— Typhonium divaricatum, Blume, Bumph. i. p. 130, t, 36 j Miq. 1. c. - 
p. 192, cum syn. — c.p. 3666. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island^ 

2. A. trilob&tam, Linn. (anHoxb.P) — Typhonium trilobatum, Schott; 
Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 194, cum syn. A, Orixense, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 
p. 503 ; Wight, Ic. t. 801.— c.p. 2896. 



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AroidecB.^ cetlon plants. 335 

Hab. Very common in damp grassy places in the Central Province. 
Nom. vnlg. " Panoo-alla." 

The leaf of Roxburgli*8 A. Orixenset as figured by "Wight, is so siimlar in form to 
that of the present plant, that I cannot doubt their being the same species, and that 
thiB drawing of the inflorescence of the former mnst be incorrect. The (Singhalese 
employ the bruised roots to destroy maggots in the sores of cattle. 

4. ABISiEMA, Mart. 

1. A. cnrratumy Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 20, cum syn. — Arum curvatwm, 
Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 606 ; Wight, Ic. t. 788. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker. (Herh. SooJc.) 

2. A. filiformei Blume, B.umph. i. p. 102, t. 28. — An A, curvati, 
Kunth, var. P— c.p. 3118. 

Hab. South of the island. 

In my specimens the Ave folioles are radiate, not pedate as in Blnme's figure, but 
in other respects the resemblance appears to be perfect. 

3. A, papillosum, Steud. (Schott, Synop. Aroid. p. 31.) — ^An A. eru- 
bescens, Sch. 1. c. p. 30 P — c.p. 646. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. Nom. 
vulg. " Wal-kidaran." 
The roots are employed as a medicine by the Cinghalese. 

5. AMOSPHOPHAIiLUS, Blume. 

1. A. campanolatus, Bl. Eumph. i. p. 144, tt. 32, 33 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. 
Bat. iii. p. 201, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. t. 786.— c.p. 2823. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, especially near the sea. Nom. vulg. 
** Kidaran." 

The Cinghalese eat the roots of the cultivated variety (nom. vulg. " Kanna-kida- 
ran") of this plant, and use those of the wild one medicinally. 

2. A. Zeylanicns, Blume, 1. c. p. 148. — JBracht/spatha Zeylanica, 
Schott, Synop. Aroid. p. 36. 

Hab. Between TanguUe and Matura, Kcenig, (Blttme, L c.J 
I have not been so fortunate as to meet with this or with the next species, nor are 
there specimens of either in this Herbariimi. 

3. A. dnbiusi Blume, 1. c. p. 142. — Schena, Bheed. Hort. Mai. xi. p. 
35, t. 18. 

Hab. Ceylon, Bheede, I. c. 

6. COLOCASIA, Eay. 

1. O. antiquortimi Schott, Syn. Aroid. p. 40, cum syn. (Miq. Fl. 
Ind. Bat. iii. p. 202, cum syn.) — Arum Colocasia, Linn. ; Koxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. p. 494. A. nymphceifolium, Eoxb. I. c. p. 496 ; Wight, Ic. t. 786. — c.p. 
3 24. 

Hab. Yery abundant on the banks of streams and other damp places. 
Nom. vulg. ** Gahala." 

The very young leaves of this, and the tubers and young leaves of the cultivated 
variety (nom. vulg. " Kandalla*') are eaten by the Cinghalese. 



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^6 ENUMBBATiOK OF [Aroidea. 

2. O. maeronrhisai Scliott, Mel. i. 18; Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 38.— ' 
O. odora, Brongn. Kunth, 1. c. p. 39 ; Benth. Fl. Hongkong, p. 343, cum 
syn. Alocasia m<icr(yrrhiza, Schott, Micj. 1. c. p. 205, cum syn. Arum 
odorum, Roxb. 1. c. p. 499. A» macrorrhtzwn, Liim. Sp. 1369 ; Fl. Zeyl. 
no. 327.— c.p. 3726. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. ** Habarella." 
The tubers and young leaves of the cultivated, and the very young leaves of the 
wild plant, are eaten by the Cinghalese. 

3. O. cucnllatai Schott, Mel. i. 18 ; Kunth, 1. c. p. 38, cum syn. — 
Alocasia cucullata, Schott, Syn. Aroid. p. 48. Arum cucullcUum, IjOut.; 
Eoxb. 1. c. p. 501 ; Wight, Ic. t. 787.— c.p. 3746. 

Hab. On the roadside between Caltura and Galle : possibly not truly 
indigenous. 

4. O. TiTipara. — Semusatia vivipara, Schott ; Kunth, 1. c. p. 36 ; 
Wight, Ic. tt. 798, 900. Arum viviparum, Eoxb. 1. o. p. 496. — c.p. 
2323. 

Hab. Common in forests of the Central Province^ 

C. Indica is cultivated in native gardens as a vegetable. 

TRIE. II. ORONTIEM 
7. LASIA, Lour. 

1. Ii. spinosa. — X. h^terophvlla, Schott ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii- p. 
176, cum syn. L. Hermanni, Schott. Fothos Keterophylla, Roxb. Fl. 
Ind. i. p. 437 ; Wight, Ic. t. 777. Dracontium spinosum, Linn. Fl. 
Zeyl. No. 328.— c.p. 2978 (3315 partim). 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not uncommon. Nom. vulg. ".Ko- 
hilla," " Mahakohilla." 

A very variable species. The leaves and roots are used as a vegetable in curries, 
and are also employed medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

8. SCINDAPSUS, Schott. 

1. S. Peepla, Schott, Mel. i. 21 ; Kunth, Enum. iii. p. ^2.-^Rhap7i%' 
dophora Feepla, Schott, Prod. Aroid. ; Benth. Fl. Hongkong, p. 344, 
cum syn. Pothos Peepla, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 433 ; Wight, Ic. t. 780. 
—c.p. 3667. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province, growing oyer the 
trunks of large trees. 

2. S. decnrsivus, Schott, Mel. i. 21. (Kunth, 1. c. cum syn. ; Miq. Fl. 
Ind. Bat. iii. p. 186, cum syn.) — Bhaphidophora decv/rsiva, Schott, Gen. 
Aroid. t. 77. Pothos decursivus, Roxb. 1. c. p. 436 : Wight. Ic. t. 779. 
—c.p. 2322. 

Hab. Forests of the Central Province, at an elevation of 2000 to 4000 
feet. Norn. vulg. " Dada-kaihel." 

9. POTHOS, Linn. 

1. P. scandens, Linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 430, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. 
t. 776.)— P. scandens and P. Mookeri, Schott.--c.p. 2321. 



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LiliacecBJ] ceylon plants. 337 

Hab. Extremely abundant in the warmer parts of the island. Nom. . 
vulg. " Pota-wel.' 
The seeds are eaten by the Cinghalese, after being a long time boiled. 

2. P. remotifliora, Hook. Ic. PL ii. t. 133.— An P. oxypJiyllus, Miq. 
Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. p. 181, t. 38P— c.p. 2432. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Tlanta juvenis : Caulis filifonnis, elongatus, soper truncos arborum repens et 
iisdem arete adhaerens. Folia parva, plus minus conferta, rotundata, apiculata, pro- 
funde cordata, 7-nervia, prominentim reticulata, brevi-petiolat^. 

It*will be seen by the above description of it that the young state of this plant is 
so nnlike the appearance it subsequently assumes, that without tracing the transition 
from one to the other it would be difficult to believe them to belong to one species. 

TRIB. III. JCOROIDFM 

10. ACOBIJS, Linn. 

1. A. CalamoB, Linn. (Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 169 ; Kunth, Enum. iii. 
p. 87, cum syn.) — c.p. 3745. 

Hab. Not very uncommon in native gardens. Nom. vulg. " Wada- 
kaha." 

The roots and leaves are used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 



CLXII. LILMCE^. 

1. ASPARAGUS, Linn. 
(Nom. vulg. " Hatawaareya.") 

1. A. folcatns, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PI. ii. p. 152 ; Burm. Thes. Zeyl. 
1. 13. f. 2. ; Linn. Fl. Zeyl. No. 123.)— c.p. 2298. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

Rami scandentes, angulati, aculeati. Folia 2^-4 poll, longa, 1-li lin. lata, acuta, 
sessilia, solitaria vel fasciculata. Bacemi 5-7 b'n. longi, 8-1 flori. Pedicelli 2 
lin. longi, infra medium articulati. Bractea parvse, ovatse, acutse. Perianihii seg- 
menta oblonga, obtusa, 1 lin. longa. 

2. A. racemosnsi Willd. (Eoxb. Flor. Ind. ii. p. 151 ; "Wight, Ic. t. 
2056.) — A. florihunda, Kunth, Enum. v. p. 98, cum syn. An A, acerosus, 
Eoxb. ?— c.p. 2299 (737 partim). 

Hab. Abundant in the warmer parts of the island. 
Folia 4-1 poll, longa. Racemi sesquipoUicares, ad apicem florigeri. Pedicelli 2 
lin. longi, infina medium articulati. Perianihii segmenta 1^ lin. longa. 

3. A. sarmentosns, Linn. (Kunth, 1. c. p. 97, cum syn.)— C.P. 2300 
(737 partim). 

Hab. Not uncommon, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

Folia 4-6 lin. longa, -i— i lin. lata, plus minus fasciculata. Racemi elongati, foliis 
terminati. Pedicelli ^Ym.. longi, paullo supra medium articulati. PeriantAii segmenta 
H-l| lin. longa. 

This, like the preceding species, has wider leaves when growing in the hills than 
when occurring near the sea. 

The species are all used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

2 X 



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338 ENXTMBBATiON OF ILiliocea. 

2. DSACiENA, Vand. 

1. D. elliptica, TLnnb. (Kunth, Enum. v. p. 14.) — 2>. spicata, Eoxb. 
var. floribus minoribus. Cordyline Sieholdii, Planch. Miq. Fl. Tnd. 
Bat. iii. p. 557, cum syn. — c.p. 2293. 

Hab. Shady places, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

Folia oblonga, oblongo-lanceolata vel lineari-lanceolata, longiuscule acuminata, 
basi acuta, 6-12 poll, louga, 4-2 poll, lata, petiolo bipollicari. Flores pallide 
virides, 4-5 lin. longi. 



3. SAKSEVIEBA, Thunb. 

1. S. Zeylanica, Willd. (Kunth, Enum. v. p. 18. cum syn.)— c.p. 
2297. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island. Nom. vulg. " Neyanda." 
The leaves of this plant yield a fibre of very excellent quality. 



4. DIANELLA, Lam. 

1. D. ensifoUa, Bedout^, (Kunth, Enum. v. p. 50, cum syn.) — 2>. 
Tvemorosa, Lam. £oxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 164. (excl. syn. B.umph.) — c.p. 
3212. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 4/XK) 
feet. Nom. vulg. " Monsera-pattang.*' 



5. DISPORUM, Salisb. 

1. D. Iiesclietiaaltiannm, Don, (Kunth, Enum. iiii. p. 207, cum syn. ; 
Wight, Ic. t. 2048.) — D. Mysorense and 2). Ceylanicum, Wight, Ic. t. 
2049.— c.p. 2319. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 7000 feet, on the 
margins of woods. 



6. SMILAX, Toum. 

1. S. macolata^ Eoxb. (Kunth, Enum. v. p. 218, cum syn. ; Wight, 
Ic. t. 2059.)— S.fulgens, Wall. Kunth, 1. c. p. 219. S. Villandia, Ham. 
in Wall. Cat. No. 5123. 8. Nilgherremis, St.— c.p. 75 (308). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

2. S. oralifoUa, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 794 ; Wight, Ic. t. 809 ; Kunth, 
1. c. p. 249. — S. macrophylla, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 793. S. prolifera, Eoxb. 
1. c. p. 795. An S. retusa, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 793.— c.p. 2302. 

Hab. Common in the* vrarmer parts of the island. Nom. vulg. 
" Maha-kabarosa." 

3. S. Zeylanica^t Linn. (Kunth, 1. c j). 249, cum syn. ; Wight, Ic. tt. 
2057, 2058.)— -fiTaH Vilandi, Eheed. Hort. Mai. vii. p. 59, t. 31.— c.p. 
3670. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 5000 feet. Nom. vulg. 
" Heen-kabarosa." 



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LiliaceaJ] cetlon plants. 339 

' 7. CHLOROPHYTUM, Ker. 

1. C. parriflorum, Dalz. in Hook. Joum. of Bot. ii. (1860) p. 141 ; 
Bombay Flora, p. 251. — Phalangivm? parviflorumt Wight, Ic. t. 
2039.— c.p. 2292. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the southern parts of the island, at no great 
elevation. 

2. C. breTiscapum, Dalz. 1. c. P— c.p. 2291. 

Hab. Komegalle and Matale, Gardner ; Central Province, common. 
Nom. vnlg. ** Bim-pol." 

Folia pedalia, spathulato-lanceolata, acuminata. Scapi foliis breviores, parum 
deusiflori. PediceUi breves, apice articulati. Bractea lineari-lanceolatae, acutse, in- 
feriores pollicares. Sepala lanceolata, 3 liD.longa, apice plus minus cucullata apicu- 
lataqne. Ovarium loculis circiter IS-ovoiatis. Capsula triquetra, 4 lin. longa, 
loculis S-lO-spermis. Semina atra, rugosa, minutissime tuberculata. 

This appears to agree in every respect with Mr. Dalzell's description, except in 
the more numerous ovules of the present plant. 

Used medicinally by the Cinghalese. 

8. ALLIUM, Linn. 

1. A. Hookeri| Thw. ; scapo elongato, subtriangnlari, basi folioso ; 
foliis membranaceis, linearibus, 9-11-nerviis, scapo brevioribus ; urn- 
bella moltiflora ; sepalis linearibus, panun acutis, filamentis subsequi- 
longis ; capsula ssepius monosperma. — Allium, No. 7. in Herb. Ind. Or. 
Hook, f and Thoms.— c.p. 3659. 

Hab. Pedrotalagalla near Newera Ellia, .at an elevation of '7000 
feet. 

Scapus li-2-pedali8. Folia 2^-3 lin. lata, acuminata, apice minutissime retusa. 
PediceUi 6 lin. longi. Semina ovoidea, opaca, rugulosa, nigra, \\ lin. longa. 

This is closely allied to A. Wallichiiy Kunth, but is smaller in all its parts, and its 
leaves have fewer nervures. 

9. IPHIGENIA, Kunth. 

1. Z. Zndica, Kunth, (Enum. iv. p. 2 J 3, cum syn.) — AnguillaHa In- 
dica, B.. Br. ; Wall. PI. As. Bar. iii. t. 259. Melanthium Indicum, 
Linn.— c.p. 3680. 

Hab. Trincomale, liev, 8. O. Glenie, 

10. QLORIOSA, Linn. 

1. O. superba, Linn. (Eoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. p. 143, cum syn.) — Metho- 
nica superha, Lam. ; Kunth, Enum. iv. p. 276, cum syn. ; Bot. Reg. t. 
77. Mendoni, Eheed. Hort. Mai. vii. t. 57.— c.p. 2295. 

Hab. Common in bushy places, up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 
Nom. vulg. " Neyangalla.' 

11. OPHIOPOGON, Ker. 

Ophiopogon and Fliiggea, Kunth (baud Fliiggea, Willd.). - 
1. O. intermedins, Don, Prod. Fl. Nep. p.. 48. — Fluggea intermedia. 



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340 ENUMERATION OF IXyridocetB. 

Schult. ; Kunth, Enum. t. p. 306. F. duhia, Kuntli* 1. c. p. 305. F. 
Wallichiana, Kunth, 1. c. p. 303. O. Indicm, Wight, Ic. t. 2050 (an 
Eoyle P). An F. Japonica, Bich. ; Kunth, 1. c. p. 302 P— c.p. 2294. 
Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

12. FLAaELLAKIA, Linn. 

1. P. Zndica, Linn. (Kunth, Enum. iii. p. 370, cum syn. ; Eheed. 
Hort. Mai. vii. t. 53.)— c.p. 2:^1. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not uncommon. Nom. vulg. 
** Groye-wel." 

CLXIII. JUNCACE^. 
1. JUNCUS, DC. 

1. J. slancus, Ehrh. (Kth. Enum. iii. p. 316, cum syn.)— c.p. 1003. 
Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 

2. J. Iiesclienaaltii, J. Gray, (Kth. 1. c. p. 336.)— J". Sinensisy J. 
Gay ; Kth. 1. c. J. Wallichianus, Laharpe ; Kth. 1. c. p. 338. — c.p. 
844. ^ 

Hab. With the preceding species. 

2. SUSUM, Blume. 

1. S. anthelminticum, Blume, (Kth. Enum. iii. p. 371.)— C.P. 2738. 

Hab. Marshy places in the south of the island, at no great elevation. 
Nom. vulg. " Indooroo." 

Folia 3-pedalia vel ultra, nigro-viridia, mucronata. Flores dioici. Calydsl&cimsd 
orbiculatse. Fl. masc: Stamina 6, filamentis sequilongis, basi coalitis, calycis 
laciniis interioribus adnatis. Ovarii rudimentum parvum. Fl. F(EM. : Stamina 
effceta 6, glandnlas 3 retusas calycis laciniis interioribas oppositas cingentia. Stigmata 
S, approximata, discoidea. Bacca atro-porpureee, pisi parvi magaitudine. 



CLXIV. XTEIDACRa:. 

(Nom. vulg. " Ranmanissa.") 
1. XYBIS, Linn. 

1. X. Zndica, Linn. (Kth. Enum. iv. p. 20,cum svn.)— c.p. 3028. 
Hab. Marshy places in the hotter parts of the island. 

2. X. l^alkeH, Wight, (Kth. 1. c. p. 19.)— c.p. 997. 
H1a.b. Similar situations with the preceding. 
Semina nitidiora et minus elongata quam ea spec, prsecedentis. 

3. X. schoenoides, Mart. (Kth. 1. c. p. 16, cum syn.) — c.p. 3380. 
Hab. Paddy fields and other wet places in the Central Province, up 

to an elevation of 6000 feet. 

4. X. panciflora, WiUd. (Kth. 1. c. p. 17, cum syn.) — c.p. 999. 
Hab. Hotter parts of the island, in wet places. 



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BestiacecB.} oeylon plants. 341 

CLXV. EESTIACE^. 

1. ESIOCAULON, Linn. 

(Nom. vulg. " Kok-mota/') 

1. B. setaceum^ Linn. (Kth. Enum. iii. p. 550, cum syn.) — J^. inter- 
medium, Komicke, in Linnaea, xxvii. — c.p. 791 (794). 

HiJB. Hotter parts of the island, in marshy places. 

2. B. l^alUchiannm, Mart, in Wall. PI. Ear. iii. t. 249 ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 564, cum syn. — J^. longifolium, N. ab Es., Kth. 1. c. p. 567. — c.p. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

3. B. sexang^nlare, Linn. (Kth. 1. c. p. 551, cum syn.) — E. Thwaitesii, 
Komicke, 1. c. (partim). — c.p. 795. 

Hab. Central Province. 

4. B. tmnc&tam, Ham. (Kth. 1. c. p. 555.) — E. Thwaitesii, Kom. 
1. c. (partim).— c.p. 790 (793). 

Hab. Very common. 

5. B. Brownianiim, Mart. 1. c. t. 248 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 562.— C.P. 377, 
378 (1001). 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 7000 feet. 

An eirtremely variable species, as regards the amount of pubescence, and the relative 
size of the leaves, peduncles, and capttula. The external sepals of the male flowers 
are more or less coherent. 

6. B. qninqnang^nlare, Linn. (Willd. Sp. PL i. p. 485 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 
556, cum syn.) — c.p. 792. 

Var. )3. argenteum, — E, argenteum, Mart. 1. c. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 557. — 
c.p. 3562. 
Hab. Very abundant on the borders of paddy-fields. 

7. B. InstOsefoUnm, Mart. 1. c. p. 28 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 553.— An E. tri- 
lobvm. Ham. in Herb. Wall. ; Korn. 1. c. P— c.p. 796. 

Hab. Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 feet. 

8. B. IVifflitiannm, Mart. 1. c. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 563 ; Steud. Synops. 
P-27L 

Var. capitulis nigro-cinereis, parce pilosis. — c.p. 3382. 
Hab. Ajnbagamowa District. 

9. B. cristatom, Mart. 1. c. — Var. bracteis floralibtis denticulatis et 
longiuscule cuspidato-acuminatis. — c.p. 789. 

Hab. B-ambodde, in the Central Province, Gardner, 

This may possibly be a distinct species. The flowers are monoecious, and the 

flower bracts are different in shape from those of the ordinary form of K cristatum ; 

but the two plants are so conformable in other respects, that I cannot venture to 

separate them. 

10. B. atr&tami Kom. 1. c. — c.p. 61. 

Var. p. major,— E. caulescens, H. f. and T. MSS. — c.p. 131. 
Hab. Centiul Province, at an elevation of 5000 to 7000 feet. 
Parce caulescens. Folia vaginis valde dilatatis. Sepalu exteriora multum latiora 
quam^in E, cristato, cui aUoquin hsec species simillima est. 



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342 ENUMERATION OF [^Cyperocea. 

CLXVI. CYPEEACE^. 
1, CYPEBUS, Linn. 

* Stylo indiviso ; stigmate simplici. 

1. C. Hookerianiui, Thw.-^C^/perus, No. 21 (bis), Hook. f. and T. 
Herb. Ind. Orient.— c.p. 3221. 

Hab. Galle. 

Sannentosus. Folia finna, plana, ad apicem scabra, 4-12 poll, longa. Culmi 
foliis subsequilongi, trigoni, glabri. Involucrum 3-4-phylIiim, capitulo subgloboso 
i-pollicari multoties longias. Spicula oblongse, compressse, 8ub-12-florse. Squama 
(8 vel 3 inferiores majores vacuse) arete imbricatse, obloDgse, mucronato-acutse, 
nitidse, rugulosae, ochracese, nigro-castaneo plus minus tinctse, 1^ lin. longse, carina 
scabridte. Stamina 3. Caryopsis oblonga, rostrato-acaminata, subtrigona, glabra, 
castanea, basi longiuscule 3-callosa, pallida. 

The undivided style and stigma, and the remarkable callosities at the base of the 
nut, well distinguish this from every other described species. 
** Stigmatibus 2. 

2. O. polTinatoSi N. and M. (N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. p. 74, cum 
gyn.) — Cpunctatvsy Roxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 193. C, patens, Vanl, Ennm. 
ii. p. 334; Kth. Enum. ii. p. 16.— c.p. 806. 

Hab. Common in wet gravelly and sandy places. 

3. O. sansninolentas, Yahl, 1. c. p. 351 ; I^. ab Es. 1. c. p. 75, cum 
gyn.— c.p. 802. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the Central Province. 

4. O. polystacliyus, Eottb. (baud Schlecbt.) (Kth. 1. c. p. 13, cum 
syn. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. ; Eoxb. 1. c.) — c.p. 800. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

5. O. flarescens, Linn. (Steud. Synop. p. 4.) — C capillarity Keen. ; 
N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 76, cum syn. C. Junghuhnii, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. iii. 
p. 13.— c.p. 801. 

Hab. a very common species. Dr. Hooker observes that O. tor- 
tuosus, Eoxb., is nearly a state of it. 

O. puncticolatus, Vahl, 1. c. p. 348 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 15. — C. inundatus, 
Eoxb. 1. c. p. 201 (baud E. Br.).— N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 76, cum syn. — c.p. 
3751 (3316 partim). 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

My specimens are somewhat smaller than the ordinary form of this plant, and their 
flower-scales are slightly mucronate just below the apex. 

7. C. alopecoroides, Eottb. (N. ab Es. 1. c. (baud Eoxb.) ; Kth. L c. 
p. 19, cum syn.) — c.p. 3560. 

Hab. Balticaloa District. 

*** Stigmatibus 3. 

8. O. compressns, Linn. (N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 
194 (excl. syn. Pluk.) ; Kth. 1. c. p. 23,cum syn.)— c.p. 812. 

Var. spiculis angustis. — c,p. 807. ' 
- Hab. very common in the warmer parts of the island. 

9. O. arenarina, Eetz, (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 77, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 46, cum syn.) — c.p. 798. 

Hab. Batticaloa, Gardner. 



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Ch^eracea,] cetlon plants. 343 

10. O. conglomeratiui, "Bottb. (Steud. Synops. p. 15.)— C leucoce- 
^ phalus, K«tz, Steud. 1. c. p. 61 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 97.— c.p. 808. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

11. O. ariBtatuB, Eottb. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 78, cum syn.) — O. unct- 
natus, E. Br. Prod. 215. C. intricatus, Schrad. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 103. C. in- 
flexus^ Muehl, in Willd. Herb. ; Kth. L c. p. 22. C angustifolins. 
Ham. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 79. C. versicolor, ]N . ab Es. 1. c. p. 78.— c.p. 
966. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

12. O. castaneus, Willd. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 79,-Cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 21, cum syn.) — c.p. 803. 

Hab. Common in gravelly places. 

13. O. Silhetensis, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 79 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 33.— c.p. 
3558. 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

Closely allied to C. JSaspan, Linn., from which it appears to be principally distin- 
tinguished by its denser panicle and more incurved flower-scales. 

14. O. Zlaspaii, Linn. (N, ab Es. 1. c. p. 80, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. o. p. 
34 cum syn.) — C. tenuispica, Steud. Synops. p. 11. — c.p. 799, 805, 
965. 

Hab. Very abundant throughout the island. 

15. O. paUidns, Heyne P (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 79 ; Kth. I.e. p. 40.)— c.p. 
3559. 

Hab. Batticaloa District. 

16. O. articnlatus^ Linn. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 80, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 53.)— 0. nudus, Eoxb. I.e. p. 187 (hand p. 209).— c.p. 3561. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

17. O. rotundas, Linn. (Eoxb. 1. c. p. 197 ; Kth. l.c. p. 58, cum syn.) 
— C. hexastachyus, Bottb. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 81, cum syn. C. tenui- 
florus, Eottb. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 82. C. pertenuis, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 198. 

C. hulhosus, Vahl ; N. ab Es. p. 81, cum syn.— c.p. 804, 3045. 

Hab. Extremely abundant m cultivated ground, and a most trouble- 
some weed. Nom. vulg. " Kallandooroo." 

The aromatic tubers of this very variable species are mach used as a medicine by 
the Cinghalese. 

18. C. Retzii, if. ab Es. 1. c. p. 82, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 73.— c.p. 
3750. 

Hab. Central Province. 

19. O. procerus, Eoth. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 83, cum syn.)— c.p. 3752 
(3316 partim). 

Hab. Balticaloa District. 

20. O. pennatns, Lam. (Kth. 1. c. p. 80.) — C eanescens, Vahl ; N. 
ab Es. 1. c. p. 84, cum syn. — c.p. 678. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

21. O. exaltatns, Eetz, (N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 70.) 
— C. alttis, N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn.— c.p. 3040. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

22. C. Roxbnrgliii, N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 99.— 0. 
elatm, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 204 (excl. syn.).— c.p. 3041. 



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344 ENUMEEATiON OF IC^perocea. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island, not cotnmon. 
Anthera connectivo longo acuto piloso terminatse. 

23. O. zantliopns, Steud. Syn. p. 36. — 0. infraapicalis, N. ab Es. in 
Hb. Wt.— c.p. 3044. 

Hab. Doombera District. 

Culmus 3-4-pedalis vel ultra, triqueter, glaber, basi foliosns. Umhella decompo- 
sita. Spiculo' 8ub-8-florse, in spicas oblongas subcylindricas 7-10 lin. longas dense 
aggregatffi. Squama parum distantes, oblongee, subacute, infra apicem mucronatee, 
pallide ochraceo-cinereae, dorso rufo-pliiristriatse. Can/opsis oblonga, trigona, brevi- 
rostrata, minutissime puuctulata, pallide fusca. 

24. O. dnbins, Eottb. (N. ab Es. I.e. p. 85, cum syn.)— C. ktfllin' 
gioides, Vahl ; Kth. 1. c. p. 94.— c.p. 855, 2942. 

Hab. Central Province, not very uncommon np to an elevation of 
4000 feet. 

25. O. pUosus, Valil, Enum. ii. p. 354. — C. obliquus, N. ab Es. 1. c. 

E. 86. C. piptolepis, Steud. Syn. p. 40. An C. marginelliis, N. ab Es. 
c. p. 83 P— c.p. 797. 
Hab. Very common in the Central Province. 

26. C. Xria, Linn. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 87, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 38, 
cum syn.) — c.p. 811. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

27. O. difformis, Linn. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 88, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 38.)— c.p. 3042. 

Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

28. O. ui^oviridis^ Thw. — O. elegans, Wall. Cat. (haud Linn.) — 
c.p. 2879. 

Hab. Kornegalle. 

Culmus tenuis, glaber, triqueter, 1-2-pedalis, basi foliosus. Folia latiuscola, 
culmo subsequilonga, margine scabra. Vmhella composita, longe involucrata. Spi- 
cula laxifloree, umbellatse. Squama rotundatse, mucronatse, nervoso-striatse, nigro- 
fuscsB^ margine membranacea fulvescentes. Caryopsis ovoidea, trigona, utrinque 
acuta, subglabra, uigra. 

Resembling very much C. elegans, Linn., but distinguished at once by the very 
different shape of its fruit, which in C. elegans is much wider in proportion to its 
length, and is rounded at the apex. 

29. O. distans, Linn. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 88, cum syn. ; Zth. 1. c. p. 
93.)— c.p. 810. 

Hab. Very abundant. 

30. O. corymbosns, Eottb. (Kth. 1. c. p. 55, cum syn.) — Papyrus 
corymhosusy N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 89.— c.p. 809. 

Hab. Kornegalle. 

31. O. Paugorei, Eottb. (Kth. 1. c. p. 57, cum syn.) — Papyrus Pau- 
gorei, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 88.— c.p. 813. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the warmer parts of the island. 

32. O. Neesii, Kth. 1. c. p. 101. — C elatus, Linn, (partim). Papy- 
rus elatusj N. ab Es. 1. c— c.p. 3043. 

Hab. Caltura, Moon. 

33. O. dilntns, Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 357 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 92. — Mariscus 
dilutus, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 90.— c.p. 815. 

Hab. KomegaUe, Gardner. 



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(kfperacea.2 cetlon plants. 346 

34. O. nmbellatos, Benth. Flor. Hongt. p. d86.—Mariscus umbel- 
latus, Vahl, 1. c. p. 376. M. cyperinusy Vahl, 1. c. p. 377. M, paniceu^, 
Link P N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 89, cum syn. M. pictus, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 90, 
cum syn. — c.p. 814, 816, 817, 2878. 

Hab. Extremely abundant. 

Planta valde variabilis. Spicuia l-4-flor8e. 

2. KYIiLINGIA, Linn. 

1. K. monoceplialay Linn. (N. ab Es. in Wight, Cat. p. 91 ; Kth. 
Enum. ii. p. 129.)— c.p. 3763. 

Hab. Very common amongst grass, in the warmer parts of the 
island. 

Differs from the next species in its usnally diandrons flowers, with their glomes 
whiter, and somewhat snddenly dilated above the middle. 

2. K. brevifoUa, Eottb. (N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. ; Kih. 1. c. p. 130.) 
—c.p. 3755. 

Hab. With the preceding species, but not so common. 

3. K. melanosperma, N. ab Es. 1. c. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 131.— C.P. 818, 
2980. 

Hab. Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

4. K. cylindrical N. ab Es. 1. c. Var. fi, motiostachva, Kth. 1. c. p. 
133.— c.p. 3754. 

5. K. triceps, Eottb. (N. ab Es. I.e.; Kth. I.e. cum syn.)— c.p. 
3234. 

Hab. Hot drier parts of the island. 

3. BEMIBEA, Aubl. 

1. R. pednncnlata, E. Br. (Kth. Enum. ii. jp. 139, cum syn.) — B, 
WightianarWaM. Cat. No. 3378 ; N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. p. 92.— 
c.p. 3327. 

Hab. Jaffna, Gardner. 

4. PANDANOPHYLLUM, Hassk. 

Steudel, Synops. p. 134. Halostemma, Wall. MSS. 

Char, emend. Squama uniflorsB. Gltima 6, biseriales, plicatsB; 3 
exteriorum imaquaeque stamen includens eidemque opposita ; 3 interio- 
rum una (posterior) pistillum amplectens, duse vacuae. Flob. masc. : 
Antherce lineares, subsessiles, longitudinaliter dehiscentes. Ovarii rudi- 
mentum stylo longo clavato acuto terminatum. Floe. f(em. : Stamina 
sterilia paleseformia. Stylm basi incrassatus. Stigmata 2 (Hassk.) 3 
(in meis specimin.). Caryopsis ossea. • 

1. P. Zeylanicnm, Thw. ; foliis glabris, lon^ssime setaceo-acumi- 
natis, margine scabris ; caryopsi obovoidea, Isevi, brevi-stipitata. — c.p. 
3029. 

Hab. Banks of a stream, near Pittigalakanda in the Kokoole Corle, 
December, 1863. 

2 T 



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346 ENUMBBATION OF [OKpCTflkJC^. 

Folia 8-4-pedalia, 6-7 lin. lata. Oulmi plores, 3-9 poll, longi, basi vaginati. 
Capitulum plorifloram, 6-7 Ha. in diam. Squama ovatse, striata), Inferiores mncro- 
natsB, semipollicares. Oluma squama aequilongse, lineari-lanceolatse, acutee, exteriores 
ad carinam scabrse. Anthera 2 lin. longse. Caryoptis albida, interne nigni^ 2 lin. 
longa. 

Hasskarl, in describing this genus as monandrous, must, I suspect, have taken the 
long clavate style of the male flower for an anther. The true anthers, 8 in number, 
which lie concealed, one within the fold of each of the exterior glumes of the flower, 
may easily escape observation, unless great care be taken in the dissection. 

6. LEPIEONIA, Eich. 

1. Ii. mncronata, Eich. in Pers. Syn. i. p. 70 ; Kth. Enum. p. 366. 
— Chond/rachne articulata, R. Br. — c.p. 3228. 

Hab. Caltura District. 

Pistillum 18-24 paleis (6-8 exterioribus monandris, reliquis vacuis) lanceolatis 
acBtis cinctum. 

This genus is evidently closely allied to Pandanophyllum, the pistil in each being 
surrounded by a certain number of empty palese, and, outside tl^se, by one or more 
series of monandrous palese. In Pandanophyllum the flower (or spikelet P) is uni- 
sexual, either the pistU or the etamens being sterile or rudimentary, whilst in the 
present genus the flower (or spikelet ?) is hermaphrodite. 

6. HYPOLYTEUM, Eich. 

1. H. l&ti]Folinm, Eick. in Pers. Syn. i. p. 70 ; Kth. Enum. ii. p. 271, 
cum syn. — JJ. giganteum, Wall. Cat. No. 3404 ; N. ab Es. in Wight, 
Contr. p. 93, cum syn. H. trinervium, Kth. 1. c. p. 272. — c.p. 3, 219. 

Var. p, minor, — Spiculis sqicamisqae multo minoribus. 

Hab. Common in dense forests in the southern and central parts of 
the island, up to an elevation of 3(XX) feet. 

Var. p, Caltura. 

Gluma postice connatee, sed facile disruptse. Catyoptis glabra vel pamm mgu- 
losa, rarius costulata, ochraceo- vel nigro-fhsca, endocarpio nigro. 

2. H. lon^ostre, Thw. ; spiculis corymboso-paniculatis ; squamis 
firmis, nitidis, plus minus acutatis, mucronatis ; glumis postice con- 
natis, oblongis, subacutis, carinis scabns ; staminibus 2 ; caryopsi rotun- 
data, rugosa, pamm compressa, styli basi dilatata longiuscule rostrata. 
—c.p. 3468. 

Hab. Hinidoon Corle. 

Caryopsis fusca, ssepe obscure costulata, \ lin. longa, rostro pamm longiore \ en- 
docarpio nigro. 

A prsecedente, cui valde similis, foliis angustioribus, squamis acutis migoribus fir- 
mioribusque et caryopsi longe rostrata satis difiert. 

3. H. costatnnii Thw. ; spids capitato-congestis ; caryopsi majus- 
cula, ovata vel rotundata, acuta, longitudinaliter grosse 6-12-costata, 
exteme spongiosa. — c.p. 3222. 

Hab. Central Province, but ex,act locality not recorded. 

Culmtis triqueter, Isevis. Folia floralia longiuscula, 8 lin. lata, trinervia, margine 
scabra. Panicula oblonga, dense compacta. Caryopsis fusco-nigra, 3 lin. in diam., 
interne albida, endocarpio separabili. 

The only specimen 1 possess is not sufficiently perfect to enable me to draw up so 
complete a description as could be desired, of this interesting plant. 



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C^eraeeis.} oetlok plants. 347 

7. LIPOOABPHA., E. Br. 

1. Ii. arg^entea, E. Br. (Ktli. Enum. ii. p. 266, cum syn.) — i. ksvi- 
gata, N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. p. 92, cum syn. — c.p. 819. 

Var. hract^s majonbus. — c.p. 3557. 

Hab. Common up to an elevation of 3000 feet. 

2. If. sphacelata, Zth. 1. c. p. 267.— X. triceps, N. ab Es. 1. c— c.p. 
3756. 

Hab. Doombera District. 
Capitulum 3-6-8tachymn. 



8. FUIIIENA, Linn. 

1. r. cOiaris, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 180; N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. 
p. 93, cum syn. — c.p. 3038. 

Hab. Very abundant in paddy-fields and wet grassy places, in the 
warmer parts of the island. 

2. P. glomerata, Lam. (Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 386 ; Kth. Enum. ii. 
p. \M,)—F. BotiboBllii, N. ab Es. 1. o. p. 94, cum syn.— c.p. 2748. 

Hab. Similar places with the last. 

3. P. umbellata, Eottb. (Kth. I.e. p. 185, cum syn.) — i^, pentagona, 
W. et A. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 93, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. cum syn. — c.p. 
3229. 

Hab. With the preceding and equally common. 

4. P. ancinal;^, Wall. Cat. No. 3534 d% Kth. 1. c. p. 184, cum syn. 
—c.p. 3230. 

Hab. Similar places with the foregoing species. 



9. ABILDGAASDIA, Vahl. 

1. A. monostacliya, Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 296 ; Kth. Enum. ii. p. 247. 
— A, Rotthcellianat N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. p. 95, cum syn. — c.p. 
3231. 

Hab. Not uncommo4 in the warmer parts of the island. 

2. A. tristachya, Vahl, 1. c. p. 297 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 248, cum syn.— c.p. 

852. 
Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

3. A. faWescens^ Thw.-^Umhella 3-4-radiata ; involucro brevi; 
apids planis, compressis, acutis, plurifloris, solitariis vel binis in radiis ; 
sqtiamis ovatis, acutis, pilosulis ; flortbv^ triandris ; caryopsi trigona, 
subpyriformi, tuberculata. — c.p. 6/9. 

Hab. Eeigam Corle. 

Csespitosa, 1-1 i-pedalis. Tolia culrao breviora vel subsequilonga, lineari, obtusi- 
uscula,inucronata,marg;ine8cabra,^-l^lin.lata. (7«/»i«j filiformis, striatus. Carj/opsis 
nigro-fusca, umbonata, \ lin. longa. 

4. A. cinnamometonun, Thw. — A.fusca, N. ab Es. 1. c. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 249. — Fimhristylis CinnaTHometorum, Kth. 1. c. p. 229. Scirpus 
Cinnamometorum, Vahl, 1. c. p. 278. — c.p. 2752. 

Hab. Not uncommon in wet grassy places. 



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348 EKUMBBATioK OF lOj^erocea. 

10. PIMBRISTYLIS, Vahl. 

* Stifftnatibus 2. 

1. P. nutans, VaM, Ennm. ii. p. 285 ; N. ab Es. in Wight, Contr. 
p. 96 ; Zth. Enuin. ii. 5. 221, cum syn. — c.p. 832. 

EUb. Very common m the warmer parts of the island. 

2. F. acnminata, Yahl, 1. c. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. ; £th, 1. c. cum syn. — 
JF. setacea, Benth. in Hook. Joum. of Bot.— c.p. 2747. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

Closely allied to the preceding, but certainly distinct. 

3. P. polytrichoides, B. Br, P (N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn.) — Scirptis 
polvtrichoides, Betz ; Vahl, 1. c. p. 249. Scirpus scaber, Boxb. Fl. 
Ind. i. p. 220. 

Hab. Ceylon, Kcenig. 

4. F. schcenoides, Yahl, 1. c. p. 286 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 97, cum syn. ; 
Zth. 1. c. p. 222, cum syn.— c.p. 833. 

Hab. ITot uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

6. P. dipliylla, Vahl, 1. c. p. 289 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 100, cum syn.— 
F. tomentosa, Vahl, 1. c. p. 290 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. J^. Boyeniana, varr. 
a et iS ; N. ab Es. 1. c— c.p. 839, 840 (841 partim). 

Hab. a very abundant plant. 

Varies greatly in the amount of pubescence : the flowers are commonly diandroos, 
more rarely monandrous ; I have not met with it with triandrous flowers. 

6. P. oralis, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 98, cum syn.— c.p. 3737 (841 partim). 
Hab. Kornegalle District. • 

Certainly distinct from the preceding species, though bearing considerable external 
resemblance to thctomentose form of it. 

7. P. riffidtda, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 99 ; Steud. Synops. p. 116.— c.p. 



Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not common, 

8. P. fermgrinea, Vahl, 1. c. p. 291 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 97, cum syn. ; 
Kth. 1. c. p. 236.— c.p. 848. 

Hab. Kokoole Corle, Gardner, 

9. P. argentea, Vahl, 1. c. p. 294 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 100, cum syn. ; 
Kth. 1. c. p. 223.— c.p. 2877. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

10. P. pallescens, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 101, cum syn. ; Steud. Synops. 
p. 111. — Scirpus pallescens, Boxb. Fl. Ind^i. p. 229.— c.p. 5758. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island, not very common. 

♦* Stigmatibus 3. Trichelostylia, 

11. P. Arnottii, Thw.— JTl xyroides, Am. Cat. Hb. Wight, 2331 (hand 
xyridis, B. Br.)— c.p. 830. 

Hab. Common on the borders of paddy-fields, etc. 

Csespitosa, aphylla. Culmus parum angularis, 6-18 poll, longus, basi vaginatus. 
Spica solitaria, erecta, rotundata. Squama arete imbricatse, obovatse, obtusse, in- 
feriores parum mig'ores. Caryopm oblonga, subdayata, delicatule cancellata, stipi- 
tata, albida, stylo subsequilonga. 

12. P. miliacea, Vahl, 1. c. p. 287 ; Kth. 1. c. p. ^m^—Trichehatylis 



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C^fperacea.^ ceylon plants. 349 

miliacea, N. ab Es. 1. o. p. 103, cum sjm. 2?l tetragona, N. ab Es. 1. c. 
p. 104, cum syn. ScirptM tetragonus, Boxb. 1. c. p. 228. — c.p. 836. 
Hab. Very abundant in padcty-fields and other wet places. 

13. P. grlobuloBa, Wall. (Kth-Lc. p. 2^\.)'-Tnchelo8tyli8 glohulosa, 
N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 105, cum syn. — c.p. 842. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

14. P. qtiinqnanipilarUi, Kth. 1. c. p. 229, cum syn. — TrichelostyUs 
quinquangularis, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 104, cum svn. — c.p. 838. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

15. P. insisnis, Thw. — Culmo filiformi, striato, apice parum com- 
presso, glabro, basi folioso j foliis brevibus, firmis, curvatis, obtusis, 
mucronatis, glabris, margine scabris ; umhellce apertse radiis circiter 6 ; 
involucro brevissimo j ^icis subcylindricis, acutis, 1-2- vel 3-nis in 
radiis, intermedia sessili majore; squamis ovato-oblongis, subacutis, 
mucronatis; /?ori5tt« triandris; caryop^t brevi-obcordata, trigona, sub- 
laevi ; stvlo Iineari, triquetro, glabro ; stigmatihus breviusculis. — c.p. 
3317. 

Hab. Between Negombo and Komegalle. 

Caspitosa, 2-pedali8. Spica ^1 poU. longse, 1^ lin. latee. Sqtiama fdsco- 
ferrngiaese, basi margineque pallidiores, 2 lin. longse. 

16. P. complanata, Link. (Kth. 1. c. p. 228, cum syn.) — TrichelostyUs 
complcmata, N. ab Es. p. 103, cum syn. — c.p. 3220. 

Hab. Ceylon, Walker (in Serb, Mook.), 

17. P- chcetorliiaa, Kth. 1. c. p. 240. — TrichelostyUs chtjetorhiza, N. 
ab Es. 1. c. p. 106. T. torta, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 105.— c.p. 837, 970. 

Hab. Extremely abundant amongst grass. 

A very variable plant. I find the flowers always triandrons, and the characters of 
the fruit, as described by Nees, very constant. 

18. P. retu«a, Thw. ; culmo filiformi, acute angulari, apicem versus 
scabrido, basi foliato ; foliis anguste linearibus, obtusis, mucronatis ; 
wmhella composita, com pacta, involucro subaequilongo; spicis glomeratis, 
sessilibus ; squamis ovatis vel oblongis, retusis, dense imbricatis, pluri- 
seriatis, muncato-punctulatis, ad apicem margine ciliatis \fiorihus mon- 
andris; stylo glabro; caryopsi late obovata, trigona, aspero-tubercu- 
lata.— c.p. 3760. 

Hab. Near Galle. 

Csespitosa, 1-2-pedalis. Squama fusco-fermgines. Caiyopsis ochracea, ferru- 
gineo tincta. 

19. P. l^hliaiia, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 99.— c.p. 3759. 
Hab. Trincomale, Bev, 8, O. Glenie, 

20. P. Balbimdia, Kth. 1. c. p. 230, cum syn. — TrichelostyUs sal- 
hundia, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 105, cum syn. T, pentaptera, N. ab Es. 1. c. 
—c.p. 823, 843. 

Hab. Newera EUia, and other of the more elevated parts of the 
island. 

21. P. connectenB, Thw. — Culmo striato, versus apicem compresso 
scabroque, basi folioso ; foliis anguste linearibus, culmo subaequifongis, 
glabris, margine scabris, abrupte acutis ; umhella mediocri, decompo- 
sita, compacta, radiis scabris; involucro diphyllo, foliolis linearibus, 
acutis, scabris, umbella subsequilongis ; spicis oblongis, acutis ; squamis 



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350 EKUMEBATioir OF [Cs^peroeea. 

2-3-clii8, ovatis, subacutis, mucronxdatis, opacis; florihus triandiis; 
caryopii obovoidea vel subpyriformi, acute trigona, nitida, sublsevi ; 
stylo glabro. — c.p. 2967. 

Hab. Maturatta District. 

Ceespitosa, l-2-pedali8. Folia glauco-viridia, circiter 1 lin. lata. Squama fosco- 
castanese, carina scabra margineqae pallidiores, longitadinaliter delicatnle striatse. 
Caryopsii albida vel paUide fdva. 

Allied to F. aalbundiay and might perhaps with propriety be placed with it, in 
the genus Abildgaardia, close to A. cinnamometorum, with which they have great 
affinity. 

11. ISOLEPIS, E. Br. 

1. X. sqiiaiTOBay R, et S. (Kth. Enum. ii. p. 202, cum syn.) — Scirpus 
squarrostis, Linn. ; Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 222. — c.p. 854. 

Hab. North of the island, Gardner. 

2. X. articiOata, N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 108, cum syn. (Kth. 
1. c. p. 199, cum syn.) — I. incurvatus, N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. /. pro- 
lonaata, N. ab Es. 1. c. Scirpus articulafuSf Linn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 214. 
8. tticurvatus, Ebxb. 1. c. S, subarticulatus, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 215. — c.p. 
846. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

3. X. snpina, E. Br. (N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 107, cum syn. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 
196.) — Scirpus supinus, Linn. ; Eoxb. 1. c. p. 217. — c.p. 3233. 

BIab. Hotter parts of the island. 

4. X. trifida, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 108. (Kth. 1. c. p. 213.)— c.p. 851. 
Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 

5. X. sraciUs, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 109. (Kunth, 1. c. p. 217.)— c.p. 834. 
Hab. Common in the warmer parts of the island. 

6. X. barbata, E. Br. (N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. j Kth. 1. c. p. 208.)— 
Scirpus monander et S. antarcticus, Eoxb. 1. c. (excl. syn.) — c.p. 829. 

Hjlb. Not uncommon in the hotter parts of the island. 

7. X. pnlchella, Thw. ; spicis terminalibus, capitato-congestis ; culmo 
IfiDvi, filiformi, striato, basi foliato ; foliis brevibus, setaceis, canalicu- 
latis, basi in vaginam apice barbatam dilatatis ; involucro quam capitu- 
lum 2-3-plo longiore, basi barbato ; squamis late obtuse carinatis, pilo- 
sulis ; Jioribus triandris ; caryopsi rotundata, trigona, minute tubercu- 
lata, brevi-stipitata. — c.p. 3761. 

Hab. Trincomale, Itev, S. O. Glenie, 

Csespitosa, 3-6-pollicari8. Squama ferrugineo-aurese, versus apicem carinse pal- 
lide yirides. Caryopsis pallida, nigro-apiculata. 

8. X. flnitans, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. p. 188, cum syn.) — Meogiton fiui- 
tans. Link. Hort. i. 284. E, curvultcs, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 110. — c.p. 835 
(2634). 

Hab. Common in the more elevated parts of the Central Province. 

9. X. dipsacea, E. et S. (Kth. 1. c. p. 205, cum syn.) — Echinolytrum 
dipsaceum, Desv. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 96. Scirpus dipsacetis, Eottb. — 
c.p. 668. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 



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Cyperacea.'] cetlon plants. 361 

12. SCIRPUS, Linn. 

1. S. mucronatns, Linn. (Kth. Enum. ii. p. 161, cum syn.) — S, tri- 
angulatus, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. p. 217 ; N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 111. 
S.Javanus, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 112. — c.p. 41. 

Hab. Very common. 

2. S. jnncoides, Eoxb. 1. c. p. 216 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 160. — SJuTwiformis, 
N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 112.— c.p. 850. 

Hab. Abundant throughout the island. 

3. S. Bnbcapitatns, Thw. ; aphyllus ; culmis confertis, rigidis, tere- 
tibus, vaginatis ; vaginis subiilato-apiculatis, superiore multum longiore ; 
involttcro brevi, ovato, 5-nervio, subulato-apiculato ; spicis 3 vel 4, ob- 
longis, acutis, subcapitatis ; sqiiamig sub-4-seriatis, ovatis, membrana- 
ceis, carinatis, mucronatis ; staminihus 3 ; caryopsi obovato-oblonga, 
trigona, IflBvi ; setis 6, tenuibus, denique caryopsi multuplo longioribus. 
—c.p. 306. 

Hab. Newera Ellia. 

6-1 S-poUicaris. Capitula ochracea, ferragineo tincta. Styltis, cam stigmatibus 
et setia, nigro-mfus. Caryopsis ferruginea. 

4. S. sroBBus, Linn. (Kth. 1. c. p. 167, cum syn.) — Hymenochcete 
grossa, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 110, cum syn. — c.p. 847. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

Mats are made by the Cinghalese from the culms of this species. 

5. S. pectinatu8,E>oxb. I.e. p. 218. — Malacochcete pectinata, N. et M. ; 
N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. An Scirpus suhulatus, Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 268 P 
(conf. 8. littoralis, Schrad.)— c.p. 831. 

Hab. Caltura. 

13. CHiBTOCYPERUS, N. ab Es. 

1. O. setaceus, N. ab Es. (Steud. Synops. p. 73.) — C Limnocharis, 
N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 96, cum syn. Eleocharis chcetaria, 
Kth. Enum. ii. p. 140, cum syn. Cypems setaceus, Eetz. — c.p. 247. 

Hab. Saffragam District. 

14. ELEOCHABIS, E. Br. 

1. B. tetraquetra, N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 113, cum syn.; 
Kth. Enum. ii. p. 160, cum syn. — c.p. 2397. 

Hab. Eambodde in the Central Province, at an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

2. E. ovata, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. 151, cum syn.) — E. congesta, Don ; 
Kth. 1. c. p. 152, cum syn.— c.p. 2635. 

Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province. 
Spica sfiepe basi proliferse. Stigmata 3. Caryopsis pyriformis, trigona, nitida, 
ochracea. 

3. E. capitata, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. p. 150, cum syn.) — Eleogenus capi- 
tattus, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 112, cum syn.— c.p. 3039. 

Hab. Saffragam District. 

4. E. flstolosa^ Schult. (Kth. 1. c. p. 155, cum syn.) — E, acutangula, 



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352 EKUMEBATION OP IC^erocea. 

N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 114, cnm syn. Scirpus acuiangulus, Boxb. Fl. Ind. i. 
p. 213.— c.p. 3162 (3047). 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island. 

Stigmata (in meis specim.) 8. 

6. E. plantaginea, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. p. 163, cum syn.) — lAmnochcms 
plantaginea, N. ab Es. 1. c. Scirpus plantagineus, Kottb."; Eoxb. 1. c. 
p. 212.— c.p. 3046. 

Hab. South of the island. 

6. E. spiralis, E. Br. (Kth. 1. c. p. 155, cum syn.) — Limnocharis 
spiralis, P. de B. ; N. ab Es. 1. c. cum syn. L. media, N. ab Es. 1. c. 
cum syn. Sciipus spiralis ^ Bottb., et 8. medius, Boxb. 1. c. pp. 212, 
213.— c.p. 863. 

Hab. Hotter parts of the island ; Caltura, Macrae. 

I can find no essential difference between Macrae's specimens, named Limtiocharit 
media by Dr. "Wight, and the ordinary E. spiralis, R. Br. 

16. ARTHBOSTYIiIS, B. Br. 

1. A. filiformis, Thw. ; culmis confertis, filiformibus, longiusculis, 
glabris, sulcato-tri(][uetris, basi vaginatis ; involucro capitulo subaequi- 
longo ; spici^ plurimis, 1-2-floris ; squamis circiter 6, trmerviis (vel su- 
perioribus sub-6-7-nerviis) apice recurvis, aristato-subulatis ; Jlorihus 
3-andris ; stylo elongate ; stigmatihus 2-3, elongatis ; caryopsi obovata, 
trigona, obscure minute papillosa, apice vix umbonata. — c.p. 3469. 

Hab. Carawitta Kanda, near Batnapoora ; and Dolosbage District. 

Rkizoma repens. Culmi 2-3-pedale8, vaginis 4-2-poll. longis, cnspidatis. Capi- 
tulum semipoUicare. Squama ochracese, fulvo tincts. Stylus, com basi dilatata, 
nigro-rufus. Caiyopsis albida. 

16. RHYNCHOSPOBA, Vahl. 

1. R. laxa, B. Br. (Kth. Enum. ii. p. 298, cum syn.) — An H, triflora, 
Vahl, Enum. ii. p. 231 P— c.p. 677. 

Var. i3. minor. — B, Chinensis, N. et M. ; N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. 
p. 116.— c.p. 2396. 

Hab. Var. a, south of the island ; var. jS, very abundant amongst 
grass at an elevation of 4000 to 6000 feet. 

2. R. anrea, Vahl, 1. c. p. 291 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 293, cum syn.— c.p. 199. 
Hab. Common in swampy places in the hotter parts of the island. 

3. R. Zeylanica, Kth. 1. c. p. 294. — Cephaloschoenus Zeylanicus, N. 
ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 116.— c.p. 3036. 

Hab. Saffragam District. 

Closely allied to and possibly a variety of R. aurea, but I am disposed to consider 
it distinct : the present plant is more glancons, the leaves much narrower, the panicle 
fewer-flowered, and the rostrum of the fruit very diflferent in shape. B. articulata, 
Schult., of which I have a specimen from Khasia given me by Dr. Hooka*, is nearly 
allied to both the above-mentioned plants, Imt specifically distinct, I think. 

4. R. IVaUichiana, Kth. 1. c. p. 289, cum syn. ; Benth. Fl. Hong- 
kong, p. 396, cum syn. — R. S(BnJcei, Pr. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 290. Morisia 
Wallichii, N". ab Es. 1. c. p. 115. JXaplostylis Meyenii, N. ab Es. 1. c. 
—c.p. 2746. 

Hab. Common amongst high grass, up to an elevation pf 4000 feet. 



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Ci^eracea,'] cetlon plants. 363 

17. CLADIUM, P. Browne. 

1. O. nndalatnin, Thw. ;foliis rigidis, angustis, acutissimis, margine 
involutis, scabriusculis, culmo subtrigono, sulcato, glabro, tenui, sub- 
SBquilongis ; spicis l-floris, 2-3-nis, ad nodos ramonim undulato-flexuo- 
sorum paniculse subsessilibtis, bractea parva vaginante carinata aristato- 
acuminata suffultis; squamis lanceolatis, acutis, glabris; caryopsi ro- 
tundata, subtrigona, glabra, versus apicem rugulosa. — c.p. 3226. 

Hab. South, of the island. 

li-2^-pedalis. Fanicula aperta, 4-8 poll, longa, ramulis interne aulcatis scabris- 
que. Squama ferruginese. Floret triandri. Anther a mucronatse. Stylus elon- 
gatus. Cari/opsis ochracea, denique nigro-fiisca. 

18. BAUMEA, Gaud. ; Kunth. 

1. B. crassa, Thw. ;foliis crassis, parum flaccidis, interne spongiosis, 
glabris, acutis, margine obtusiusculis, culmo complanato foliato sub- 
SBQuilongis ; spicis pilosulis, trifloris (tertio flore terminali imperfecto), 
ad apices ramulorum paniculse Tnajusculse glomerato-capitatis. — c.p. 845. 

Hab. Ambagamowa District. 

4-6-pedalis. Folia 3—4 lin. lata. Fanicula pedalis vel nltra, parum aperta. 
Bractea ggturniaqne ovato-lanceolatfie, ferruginese. Flores triandri. Stylus (cum 
stigmatibus 3, rarins 2, longis) nigro-ferragineus, basi dilatata albida, albido-villosa, 
caryopsi ovoidese nitidae ferruglneee adnata. 

19. SCLEBIA, Linn. 

1. S. orysoides, Pr. (N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 116 ; Steud. 
Synops. p. 169.)— c.p. 828. 

Hab. V ery common in the south of the island. 

2. S. ■tipularis,'; N. ab Es. (Steud. 1. c. p. 171, cum syn. P)— " c.p. 
3031," c.p. 3763. 

Hab. Allagalla, in the Central Province, at an elevation of 3000 feet. 

Vagina foliorum tri-alatee, antice infra apicem pilis deflexis hispidse, alls latius- 
cnlis superne nltra vaginam prodactis, dorsali longiore et ad apicem eztremum libera. 
Discus trilobus, lobis lanceolatis acntissimis. 

The present plant agrees very well with Nees's description, so far as it goes ; but 
the locality he gives for his species (Surinam and Guyana) being so distant, from this, 
renders it not unlikely that the Ceylon plant will prove to be distinct. 

3. S. Swnatrensis, Eetz. (N. ab Es. in Wight's Cat. p. 116 ; Kth. 
Enum. ii. p. 357 ; Steud. Synops. Cyperac. p. 171.)— c.p. 3783. 

Hab. Ainbagamowa District. 

4. S. elata, Thw. ; cuhnis elatis, triquetris ; foliis longiusculis, valde 
acuminatis, margine scaberrimis ; vagina exalata ; ligula brevi, rotun- 
data, parum pilosa ; paniculis deltoideis, plurifloris ; hracteis subulatis. 
basin versus subito dilatatis pilosisque ; caryopsi ovoidea, apiculata ; 
hypogynio mediocri subtrilobo vel triangular!, angulis rotundatis. — 
Scleria, No. 15, in Herb. Ind. Orient. Hook. f. et TJioms. 

Yar. a ; caryopsi prominentim reticulato. — c.p. 3030, 825. 

Var. ^ ; caryopsi sublsevi. — c.p. 3032. 

Hab. Not uncommon up to an elevation of 5000 feet. 

5. S. androgyna, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 117 ; Kth. 1. c. ; Steud. 1. c. p. 168. 
—c.p. 3319. 

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854 BKUMSBATioN OF ICgperocea. 

Hab. Eeigam Corle. 

6. S. Utvim, Eetz. (N. ab Es. 1. c. -, £th. L o. p. 342 ; Stead. J. o. p. 
169.)— c.p. 2746. 

Hab. South of the island. 

7. 8. tMsellftta, Willd. (N. ab Es. 1. o. p. 118» cum syn. ; Kth. 1. e. 
p. 343 ; Steud. 1. c.)— c.p. 3034. 

Yar. p, squamis longioribus angustioribusque ; axryopH glabra et 
grossius cancellata quam in var. a. — S. uliginosa, Hochst. S.parvula, 
Steud. 1. c. p. 174.— C.P. 3033. 

Hab. Yar. a, Ambagamowa and Saffiragam Districts ; var. fi, near 
GaUe. 

Flores mase, 2-3-andri. 

8. S. bebecarpa, N. ab !E)s. 1. c. ; Kth. 1. c. p. 357 ; Steud. 1. c— c.p. 
3318. 

Hab. Warmer parts of the island. 

Sjneafoem. 1-llone. Floret mate, l-andrL Catyoptit hypogynio trilobo, lobis 
rotundatU, obtnais, subtns excaratis. 

9. S. Uthospenaa, Willd. (baud N. ab Es.)— Kth. 1. c. p. 349.— c.p. 
826. 

Yar. ^, caryopti a basi fere ad apicem transrersim rugoso-tubercu- 
lata, femigineo conspersa. — c.p. 2627. 
Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 
Floret mate, monandri. 

10. S. perg^racilis, Kth. 1. c. p. 364 ; Steud. 1. c. p. 176. — Sypoporum 
pergracile, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 118.— c.p. 827. 

Hab. South of the island, Gardner. 

11. S. Neesii, Kth. 1. c. p. 368 ; Steud. 1. c. p. 176. — Sypoporttm ca- 
pitatumy N. ab Es. 1. c. — c.p. 3037. 

Hab. Common in the hotter parts of the island. 

Spica mate. : tquamit (in meis specim.) integris, lonceolatid, acutis, nee apice fim- 
briato-laceris ; Jloribut triandris. 

12. S. jnncifbrmis. — Cylindropus junciformis, N. ab Es. ; Kth. 1. c. 
p. 360 ; Steud. 1. c. p. 180.— c.p. 3225. 

Hab. Caltura, Moon,, 

There is only a single imperfect specimen of the present plant hi this Herbarium, 
and 1 can discover nothing in its structnre to justify its separation 'from Seleria, 

20. DIPIiACRUM, E. Br. 

1. B. earicfaram, E. Br. Prod. 241 ; Kth. Enum. ii. p. 360, Cum 
syn.- i>. Zeylanicum, N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. p. 119.— c.p. 3035. 

Hab. Common in iiie warmer parts of the island. 

S^culafam. nniflora, ssepios bren-stipitata; tquamit oppositis, 2 (hand 4, at N. 
ab £s. describ., cigus "squams inferiores" oerte bractese sunt, una yd ntraque spi- 
culam masc. in axilla gerente). Floret mate, (in meis specim.) 1-2-andri. 

21. CABEX, linn. 

* Spica tolitaria, androgpna, 

1. C. rara, Boott in Linn. Trans, xx. p. 139; Illustrations ofthe 
genus Carex, p. 44, 1. 109.— c.p. 3080. 



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Cffperacea,"] ceylon plants. 355 

Ha5. Newera EUia and Horfon Plains, at an elevation of 6000 feet. 
** Spicis 2 velpluribus, androgynU, 

2. O. nnbigrena, Don, Fl. Nep. p. 42 ; N. ab Es. in Wight's Contr. 
p. 120, cum syn. ; Blth. Enum. li. p. 385 ; Boott, Ulnstr. Car. p. 1, t. 2. 
— c.p. 2395. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other of the more elevated parts of the Cen- 
tral Province. 

3. O. spiciirera, N. ab Es. 1. o. p. 121 ; Kth. 1. c. p. 512 ; Boott, 1. c. 
p. 10, t. 24. — c.p. 822; Qt forma minor , c.p. S24i; forma periff^/niis an- 
gustioribus, subrostratis, c.p. 2629. 

Var. P ; spicis omnibus ad apicem culmi conglomeratis. — C rubella, 
Boott.— c.p. 2966. 

Hab. Very abundant in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 
6000 feet ; forma minor, Pedrotallagalla, Gardner, M, Wichwra. 

4. O. lencantha, Am. MSS. (Boott, 1. c. p. 10, t. 28.)— c.p. 2631. 
Hab. I^ot very uncommon up to an elevation of 2000 feet. 

5. C. ^acilia, E. Br. Prod. 242 ; Boott, 1. c. p. 59, 1. 154, cum syn. 
— C. laehnosperma, Wall. N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 124. C/flexilis, Don. C 
lento, Don ; Spreng. Syst. iii. p. 811. — c.p. 2632. 

Hab. Newera EUia and Horton Plains. 

6. O. lon^pen, Don, EL Nep. p. 43 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. j Kth. 1. c. p. 
418.— C.P. 2749. 

Hab. Maturatta and Hewahette Districts, rare. 

7. CBen^alensis, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. p. 572; Boott, 1. c. p. 85, tt. 
240, 243.— C. valida, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 123. An (7. condensata, N. ab 
Es.l. C.P— c.p. 2628. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 4000 
feet. 

8. O. cruciata, Wahl. (WiUd. Sp. PL iv. p. 248; N. ab Es. L c.)— 
C.Jllicina, N. ab Es. l.c. C. Lindlevana,^ , ab Es. 1. c. C vacua, 
poott. Herb. Ind. Orient. Hook. f. ana Thorns, (conf. C ramosa, Schk., 
C meiogyna, N. ab Es., C raphidocarpa, N. ab Es., et C. thyrsijlora, 
Boott.).— c.p. 820, 3161. 

Hab. Very abundant at an elevation of 3000 to 6000 feet. 

An extremely variable plant, and, at a superficial glance, nothing can well look 
more distinct than the Inxuriant form with spreading panicle, growing in damp shady 
places, and the smaller form with constricted panicle and lai^er flower-scales, grow- 
ing on exposed downs ; these forms, however, so merge into one another that I find 
it impossible to separate them into distinctly defined varieties. 

9. C. baccaiui, N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 122 ; Boott, 1. c. p. 83, tt. 234-239 ; 
Kth. 1. c. p. 513.— C.P. 821. 

Hab. Common in the Central Province, up to an elevation of 6000 
feet. 

10. O. "Walkeri, Am. MSS. (Boott, 1. c. p. 2, t. 4.)— c.p. 2751. 
Hab. More elevated parts of the Central Province, not very eommon. 

*** Spicis ufUsexuis, vel iniennsdiis androffynit, apicali nuucula. 

11. O. pnaenUta, Boott. (Linn. Trans, xx. p. 128 ; Ulustr. Car. p. 9 
t.26.)— C.P. " 



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356 ENUMERATION OF [CfranUnea. 

Hab. Horton Plains, and in the more elevated parts of the Ambaga- 
mow a District. 

12. O. phacota, Spr. (Syst. iii. p. 826 ; N. ab Es. 1. c. p. 126; Boott, 
niustr. Car. p. 63, t. 168, cum syn.)— cp. 2966. 

Hab. Not uncommon in the higher parts of the Central Province. 

13. O. Arnottiana, Drejer, Symb. t. 5.— c.P. 3219. 

Hab. Newera Ellia and other of the more elevated parts of the Cen- 
tral Province, common. 

3-4-pedali9, /<?//?> culmo subeequilongis. Spica cylindricee, numerosse, plemmqae 
lougiuscule pedimcalatse, intennediee androgynse. Squama oblongse, sabacntse, fasco- 
purpurete, carina cam apice cuspidate glabro viridi. Stigmata 2. Perigynium 
squama subeequilongnm, ovoideum, compressum, fusco-ferragineum, dimidio superiore 
scabriusculum, rostro brevi cylindrico truncato. 

14. O. lobnlirostris, Drejer, Symb. t. 14. — C Amottiana, Boott. 
Ann. Nat. Hist. xvii. p. 56.— c.P. 2633. 

Hab. Horton Plains and Newera Ellia, at an elevation of 6000 to 
7000 feet. 

2-8-pedali8, foliis culmo longioribos. Bractea lougse, basi vaginantes. ^pica 
4-5, cylindricee, contiguee, bipolUcares, terminalis mascula, reliquse foeminese, inferior 
peduuculata. Sqtm